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BUSCAR TRABAJO EN ESTONIA

WORKING
Citizens of other countries need a work permit that is usually arranged by the
employer.

GET HELP TO FIND A JOB


You can easily start looking for a job in Estonia even before you leave your
country of residence, through the EURES network.
EURES, which stands for European Employment Services, is a cooperation network
of advisers of public employment services in Europe.

Through this network, information is exchanged concerning job vacancies in


different countries and practical issues related to working abroad. In other words,
the EURES advisers in your own country will be able to tell you what vacancies are
available in Estonia even before you decide to leave.

If you have already arrived at Estonia and are looking for a job on the spot, you
can get help from the Estonian public employment services, organized by the
Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund (Eesti Ttukassa), www.tootukassa.ee.
Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund also provides EURES services in Estonia.

More information on the procedure, requirements and consequences can be


obtained from the EURES advisers in Estonia.
To find out more about EURES, and to locate an EURES advisor in your country of
residence or in Estonia, please visit the website http://eures.europa.eu.
While the Estonian public employment services keep track of most vacancies,
some employers prefer to search for staff through advertisements in newspapers
or on websites or via private recruitment agencies.
Vacancies mediated by public employment services are available at
http://iseteenindus.tootukassa.ee
Some specialized websites where vacancies are posted are:
www.cv.ee, www.cvkeskus.ee and www.ekspressjob.ee.

Job mediation in Estonia is free of charge for all job seekers.


While private mediators can offer additional services, you should never have to
pay for accessing information about vacancies.

INTRODUCING... YOURSELF
Job application procedures differ from vacancy to vacancy but there are some
common features nearly always present.
Employers will always ask you to submit a CV (Curriculum Vitae), which is a
structured overview of who you are and what you can do. In your CV you are
expected to provide your personal data, information about your previous
education, work experience, language skills and other interests.

As a recruiter may only have a very limited time to examine your CV and will look
for data that are important to the position offered, you should keep the
information short and relevant to the vacancy you are applying for. A good rule of
thumb is to use no more than two pages and to clearly structure the information
so that it can be viewed at a glance.
When you send in your CV, you should add a cover letter or e-mail in which you
can highlight some of your skills that are relevant to the job.
CV
CV is printed on a white paper of A4 format, on one side of the paper with font
size 12. The CV format comprises the following elements: first name and
surname; personal identification

code; place of birth; nationality; address, must be submitted according to the


standard (street, house, apartment, postal code, settlement, county); telephone
number, either for home or

work; marital status: single, married; education, submitted starting from the latest
acquired education and moving back towards secondary education, providing the
period of studying,

name of school, studied specialty, acquired qualification; continuing education:


only those shall be listed that are relevant regarding the offered position;
professional experience,

submitted starting from the last job (name of organisation, own area of activity,
professional status and its sphere of responsibility within said organisation);
language skills: skills of

mother tongue provided first, followed by foreign languages in the order of


proficiency with the level of proficiency in foreign language; hobbies: activities a
person is good at on a professional

level and in which he engages in his spare time; recommendations: not obligatory
but may raise the applicants price; salary request: provided when required in
the advertisement.
To apply for a job you must submit your CV with a cover letter to the employer.

COVER LETTER

Cover letter should contain answers to the following questions: What are your
goals regarding your new job? Which 3 to 5 of your virtues can you point out to
your future

employer? How do you plan to make use of your professional experience


regarding the offered position? Why do you want to work for this company? Why
are you the best

applicant for the respective position? Where did you get information on the vacant
position?

INTERVIEW

You will make a good impression to the employer when you know the background
of

the company you wish to work for. The more you know about the company and
the position,
the better are your chances to get the job.

Be prepared to answer the questions asked during the interview and think of
questions

you would like to ask the employer. Prior to going to the interview prepare the
necessary

documents. Bring along your CV, information on the company you think you may
need; if

the recommendations are on a different paper than the CV, bring that as well.
Sometimes

the applicant is asked to take a general knowledge test or a professional aptitude


test

in order to ascertain your suitability for the respective position. After having taken
the

test you may be asked to come in for an additional interview to ascertain your

suitability for the position.

In the case of a positive response, the applicant is usually informed of the results
by telephone and is asked to commence work. The applicant is notified of the
negative response in a written form, either by e-mail

or regular mail.

Most people are employed in the manufacturing, wholesale, trade and service
sector. The most vibrant sectors are the financial and IT
sectors.

If a recruiter thinks you might be a good candidate for the position offered, you
may be invited to an interview.
An interview focuses less on your previous experience and qualifications (outlined
in your CV) and more on your reasons for applying for the position.

All employers are looking for professional, motivated candidates who show an
interest in their company and have realistic expectations about the job at hand.
When preparing for an interview, always try to put yourself in the position of the
employer and to think of questions you would ask. Doing a bit of research on the
company you would like to work for is always a good idea.
Make sure you provide honest, accurate and clear information in all stages of a
selection procedure. Emphasising your strong points is ok but misrepresenting or
omitting facts is not. Keep your answers relevant to the position you apply for.

QUALIFICATIONS AND DIPLOMAS


Your employer may want to make sure that the diplomas or certificates you have
obtained in another country are genuine.
Therefore you may need to provide such documentation. To get your diplomas or
certificates recognised in Estonia, you can turn to the Estonian ENIC/NARIC centre
www.archimedes.ee/enic/index.php.

EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS
If you have found a job, the agreement needs to be formalized through an
employment contract. This contract specifies your rights and obligations and
those of your employer, including your working time and wages.

What must and can be stipulated in an employment contract is determined by the


Employment Contracts Act. If you have doubts or questions concerning your
Estonian employment contract, you can ask information from the Estonian Labour
Inspectorate www.ti.ee.

GOOD TO KNOW
The standard working time in Estonia is 8 hours per day in a five-day work week.
The average monthly gross wage for a full-time job in the last quarter of 2010 was
814 EUR.
The minimum monthly gross wage in Estonia, set for 2011 for a full-time job, is
278, 02 EUR.
Your employer deducts income tax and unemployment contribution from your
gross wage. Make sure you understand what and how much is deducted before
you agree on your wages.
For example: uniform, keys The highest wages are found in the financial sector
and the lowest in the fishing industry and in hotels and restaurants.
In general, you are entitled to 28 days paid holiday per year.

USEFUL CONTACTS
When making enquiries, please take into account that the official language of
Estonia is Estonian. Most institutions will find it easier to answer your requests in
English more precisely when received by (electronic) mail

Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund


Job offers, labour market services, Unemployment insurance benefits
www.tootukassa.ee 15501 (calling from abroad +372 6696513). Skype:
tootukassa Facebook: Eesti Tootukassa

EURES in Estonia
www.eures.ee
eures@tootukassa.ee

EURES The European Job Mobility Portal, Job offers in Europe


eures.europa.eu

Labour Inspectorate (Enforcement of the employment laws)


www.ti.ee
+372 626 9400, legal helpline +372 640 6000 (Mo-Fr 10-15) ti@ti.ee
Population Register (Residence registration)
www.siseministeerium.ee/35796/ +372 612 5008
info@siseministeerium.ee

Social Insurance Board (Social tax, pension, family benefits, parental benefits)
www.ensib.ee
16106 (calling from abroad +372 612 1360)
ska@ensib.ee

Health Insurance Fund (Medical insurance)


www.haigekassa.ee
13363 (calling from abroad +372 669 6630)
info@haigekassa.ee

Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Consular and travel information)


www.vm.ee +372 637 7000
vminfo@vm.ee

Police and Border Guard Board


(Entry conditions and residence permits)
www.politsei.ee +372 612 3000
ppa@politsei.ee
Estonian Tax and Customs Board (Taxation information, bilateral tax agreements)
www.emta.ee
+372 676 2700
emta@emta.ee

Statistics Estonia
www.stat.ee/en
+372 625 9300
stat@stat.ee

The State portal of Estonia (Information and e-solutions for citizen, entrepreneur
and official)
www.eesti.ee/eng/

Estonian ENIC/NARIC Centre (Recognition of professional qualification and


education documents in Estonia)
www.archimedes.ee/enic/index.php
+372 696 2416
Enic-naric@archimedes.ee

EUROPASS
(CV examples, Language Passport,Europass Mobility, Certificate supplement and
Diploma supplement)
http://www.europass.cedefop.europa.eu/europass/

EUROPE Direct
(General information about EU matters)
http://ec.europa.eu/europedirect/

EUROGUIDANCE
(Careers Guidance network in Europe)
www.euroguidance.net/

PLOTEUS
(Learning Opportunities in Europe)
http://ec.europa.eu/ploteus/

Databases of vacancies
www.tootukassa.ee
www.cv.ee
www.cvkeskus.ee
www.ekspressjob.ee
www.cvok.ee
www.hyppelaud.ee

Estonian Investment and Trade Agency


www.investinestonia.com

Facts about Estonia, travel information


www.visitestonia.com
www.tallinn.ee/eng
www.regio.ee
www.balticsww.com

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FINDING WORK
The first sources of help in the process of finding work are the regional
departments of the Labour
Market Board (hereinafter referred to as the LBM), whose contact information is
listed at
www.tta.ee.
Employers inform the regional departments of the LBM of vacant positions and
said departments find a suitable employee for the employer; positions can also be
found from a state portal www.amet.ee.

LBMs Departments of Tallinn and Harju County, Tartu County, Ida-Viru County and
Prnu County employ EURES advisers (contact information is available on EURES
Estonia website at www.eures.ee)

EURES
advisers (contact information is available on EURES Estonia website at
www.eures.ee), who
provide information for foreigners regarding vacant positions in Estonia as well as
Estonias
living and working conditions.

There are a lot of job offers also in various daily newspapers and larger
employment mediation
websites at www.cv.ee, www.cvkeskus.ee, www.hyppelaud.ee.

Estonian people are rather reserved and less talkative by nature which often
leaves you to take the first step in approaching them.

Knowing a few words in Estonian goes a long way in establishing contacts and
once introduced, you will find people to be helpful.
Even though companies and government agencies often also communicate in
Russian and in English, Estonian is the only official language.

Almost all jobs in Estonia require you to understand and speak Estonian.