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Mechanics of Materials

CIVL 3322 / MECH 3322


Strain

Homework Issues

1) One problem per page


2) FBD or sketch
3) STAPLE!
4) Engineering paper
5) Indicate (C) or (T) No up or down arrows.
6) Write on one side of the paper only
7) Box or underline or highlight final answers
8) Follow the homework format
9) Homework must be readable by the teaching assistant

2 Axial Strain
Strain

We have considered stresses which are a


force applied over a cross section
Stresses acting on deformable materials
produce changes in the materials they are
acting on
These changes can be displacements and/
or deformations depending on how they act

3 Axial Strain

Strain

Ifthe deformation is along a loading axis,


we talk about an normal or axial
deformation
A normal deformation accompanies a
normal stress
The deformation will be either an elongation
or a compression

4 Axial Strain
Strain

An elongation will be considered positive


and a compression negative
This follows the sign convention for
stresses
The amount of deformation is given by the
symbol (delta) and has units of length

5 Axial Strain

Strain

If
we start with an object loaded axially as
shown below

6 Axial Strain
Strain

Withoutthe stress applied, the axial length


of the object is L

7 Axial Strain

Strain

With
the stress applied, the length of the
object is L+

8 Axial Strain
Strain

So the deformation of the object is , which


is the change in length in the axial direction

9 Axial Strain

Strain

If
we take the ratio of this change in length
to the original length, we have the strain in
the object under this loading condition

10 Axial Strain
Strain

Theaxial strain in this object is the ratio of


the axial deformation to the original axial
length

11 Axial Strain

Strain

Theunits of axial strain (normal strain) will


be length per length

12 Axial Strain
Strain

Strains can produce stresses and stresses


can produce strains
Typically they occur together in a
deformable material
How much will be determined based on the
material

13 Axial Strain

Strain

Strain
is denoted by the symbol (epsilon)
Mathematically, strain is given by


=
L

14 Axial Strain

Strain =
L

Units of strain are units of length/length and


therefore appear dimensionless
Special units of strain are , which is units
of 10-6 times strain (this is called
microstrain)
You may also see strain given as a percent

15 Axial Strain


Strain =
L

Theaxial strain problems in the early part


of this book are more trig/geometry
problems than typical materials problems.

16 Axial Strain
Problem P2.2

17 Axial Strain

Homework

P 2.1
P 2.3

P 2.5

18 Axial Strain