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Chemistry Test -Duplantier Name

Gas Laws- Chapter 13 Date

Honor code:

I. Multiple choice (3 pts each)

1. The law that relates volume of a gas and temperature is a)Daltons b)Boyles
c)Charles d)combined

2. The volume and pressure relationship is a)direct b)inverse c)unknown d)variable

3. Which is not a standard pressure? a)101.3 kPa b)760 mm Hg c)7 atmospheres


d)760 torr.

4. As a gas is compressed in a cylinder, the pressure of the gas a)increases b)decreases


c)stays the same d)varies randomly

5. Gas particles spreading out, like the smell of a scented candle filling a room, is called
a)condensation b)pressure c)low density d)diffusion.

6. The volume of a mole of any gas at STP is a)6.02 x 10 particles b)760 liters
c)22.4 liters d) 1 liter

7.Standard temperature is best expressed as a) 212 F b)100 C c)273 K d) 0 K

8. A balloons volume increases after going from a cold store to a hot car. This
illustrates a)Boyles Law b)Charles Law c)Ideal Gas Law d)Daltons law.

9. If the temperature of 2 Liters of a gas at STP would double, the new volume would
be a) 4 Liters b)2 liters c)1 liter d)0.5 liter.

10. Which is not a unit of pressure? a)moles b)kilopascals c)atmospheres d)torr

11. Theoretically, the lowest temperature that can be reached where the movement of
particles stops is called a)standard temperature b)freezing point c)absolute zero
d)farenheit

12. Movement of atoms or molecules through an opening so tiny that they pass through
one particle at a time in an evacuated chamber is called a)effusion b)migration
c) ionization d)diffusion
13. If a gas is compressed in a cylinder, the distance between the gas molecules
a)increases b)decreases c)stays the same d)cannot be determined.

14. Absolute zero is equal to a)0 K b)212 K c)100 C d)0 C

15. A scuba tank contains oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide with a total pressure of
850 mm Hg. If the oxygen has a pressure of 500 mm Hg, and the carbon dioxide has a
pressure of 200 mmHg, what is the pressure of the nitrogen? a)850 mmHg b)200 mmHg
c)150 mmHg d)700 mmHg

16. If volume does not change and the temperature of a gas increases, the pressure of the
gas will a)increase b)decrease c)not be affected d)cannot be determined.

17. Which graph illustrates a direct relationship?

a) b) c) d)

18. If a gas is compressed in a cylinder, the density a)increases b)decreases c)stays the
same d)cannot be determined.

19.An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure and used to help predict weather
is called a)manometer b)eudiometer c)barometer d)thermometer.

20. According to the kinetic molecular theory of gases, collisions of gas particles with
each other or with the walls of the container are a)hurtful b)elastic c)nonexistant d)static

21. Which is NOT true according to the kinetic molecular theory of gases? a) gas
particles are large b)gas particles exert no real force on each other c) gases are in
constant, random motion d)average kinetic energy of gas particles depends temperature.

22. Air bags in cars best illustrate which property of gases? a)diffusion b)effusion
c)gases have mass d)compressability.
V . Problems (5 pts each)

. Show all work. Show formulas and include units in answer. Box final answer.

1. A sample of a gas measures 2.5 liters at 298 K. What will be the volume when the
temperature is changed to 345 K?

2. A sample of carbon dioxide gas has a volume of 9.8 dm at 15 C. What is the new
temperature , if volume drops to 3.2 dm?

3. A gas has a volume of 344 mL at a pressure of 90 kPa , if pressure is raised to 140


kPa, what is new volume?
4. A helium balloon has a volume of 10 liter at 100 Celcius and a pressure of 800 mmHg,
what is new volume at 50 Celcius and a pressure of 900 mmHg?

5. A gas has a measured volume of 5.8 Liters at 15 Celcius and a pressure of 4


atmospheres, what the volume of this gas at STP?

6. How many moles of oxygen gas are present if the volume is 500 milliliters at a
temperature of 25 Celcius and a pressure of 90 kPa ?(R= 0.0821 L*atm/mole*K or R=
8.314 L*kPa /mole *K).?
7. A scuba tank must be filled to a pressure of 500 kPa for a dive, if oxygen is added
at a pressure of 2 atmospheres and carbon dioxide is added at a pressure of 800 mm
Hg, what is the pressure of Nitrogen ( the other gas.)

8. A gas is collected in a container connected to a U shaped tube with Mercury on the


bottom. The other side of the tube is open to the air and a barometer nearby reads 800
mm Hg. The mercury is 15 mm higher in the side open to the air. What is the
pressure of the gas in the container?