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U35 LO1 Article

In this article, I will be explaining purpose as the brothers knew wanted them to look as much like
the differences between past and that it would make an impact on living portraits as possible.
present day video installations the audience, which it did. After
and how the audience responded the screening the audience were
to them. Firstly, according to left in fear because they just saw a
Wikipedia, video installation is a life-size train coming towards
contemporary art form that them. The illusion of a moving
combines video technology with image was astonishing to them,
installation art, making use of all and to be so immersed in it for the
aspects of the surrounding first time must have been an
environment to project an image, awesome moment.
affecting the audience. He would place the subject under
different lighting. This either
It was 1895 that the Lumiere
allowed the audience to see the
brothers demonstrated the first
subjects every move and facial
moving image projected onto a
expression, or hardly get a
screen for a paying audience of
glimpse. On the other hand, there
more than one person. It was
are one-takes start with a close up
their invention of the
on a facial feature, for example
cinematograph that birthed the
and eye or lips. The camera would
motion picture era. The
I would say that it was a non- then slowly zoom out allowing the
cinematograph was a new and
narrative film. The brothers viewer to see the subjects face.
improved version of Edisons
thought it through, but it was un This created a much more
model the Kinetograph. The
scripted and showed real people personal experience for the
Cinmatographe photographed
getting off a train, so in sense it viewer. There was no narrative
and projected film at a speed of
was raw. and hardly anything going on the
16 frames per second, much
screen because you couldnt see
slower than Edisons device. It was Andy Warhol was another pioneer that there was any relationship
a 3 in one device that allowed the of early video installation. He is between the subject and Warhol.
Lumiere Brothers to record, known for his screen tests which
develop and project motion are still displayed at museums A quote from Jonathan Jones on
picture for the first time to an today. His motivation for Warhol, these films are not easy
audience. This was a turning point filmmaking drew from his to watch. He then said we are
in the history of film because the fascination with individuals. He irritated to be confronted by
idea of watching something on has once stated, "What I liked was heads that simply stare back at us.
screen was completely alien to chunks of time all together, every Warhol challenges us to be
them. real momentI only wanted to bored. This review is taken from
find great people and let them be The Guardian in 2001, Jonathan
One of the brothers most
themselvesand I'd film them for also claims that if the Screen
memorable film is called arrival of
a certain length of time and that Tests tell us one thing, it is that
a train a la ciotat (1986), however
would be the movie." Andy Warhol was a mystic. To
in the UK we call it Train pulling
want to challenge someone to be
into the station. The title doesnt Warhols screen tests were made bored wont take you long,
give much to imagination however between the years 1964 and 1966 however I think that more than
it was mind blowing to the and were captured on his 16mm anything, Warhols screen tests
audience. The film shows the first Bolex camera. The films were just made people feel
examples of cinematic techniques; projected in slow motion so that uncomfortable and paranoid.
long shot, medium shot, close-up each screen test lasted for
and forced perspective. The approximately four minutes. The I will now talk about the more
camera was placed on the camera almost motionless for the recent video installation artists
platform to capture the size of the film, Warhol who are still producing work
huge train. This was done on today.
Bill Viola was born in 1951 and has There was a quote from the Michael Craig-Martin of Criticism
worked in the establishment of independent by a man named described it as 24 Hour Psycho is
video for 40 years. His work has Sturgis. "Even if you don't feel both generous and cruel. It
been a vital part of expanding moved or react emotionally, the torments the viewer with its
contemporary art in terms of pieces are visually mesmerising - impossible duration and at the
technology and content. Viola is this is the first time that moving same time promises us saturation
specifically well known for his images have been of this quality. with one of the most analysed
state-of-the-art video Seeing Viola's work is genuinely movies of all time. It must have
installations. If you go to a Bill seeing a new kind of picture." I been horrible to sit though the
Viola gallery, you can expect to would have to agree, Viola shares knife scene, it almost seems like a
see video installations with total ineradicably private things about bit of a social experiment to the
environments that envelop the people to his audience, allowing audience. For those who managed
viewer in image and sound that them to feel completely absorbed to last the whole 24 hours.
are well though through but carry by the video. Some may even
direct simplicity. leave feeling touched or moved to Gordons work is much similar to
tears. I think people felt a similar Warhols work in the respect of
In 2001, Viola debuted feeling with the Lumiere Brothers the techniques used. They both
Catherines Room. It was a split train screening. Fascination. used speed and repetition in their
screen installation showing the videos to add dramatic effect.
female protagonist at 5 different The last video artist I will be Therefore, the audience are left
times of the day. It was extremely talking about is Douglas Gordon, feeling a similar way, even if one
well researched because the tree born 20 September 1966. of the videos is a film and the
outside her window also adapted other is a screen test. They are
to its natural cycle. This Much of Gordon's work is seen as both impactful on an audience.
broadened its context to match being about memory and uses
the cycle of nature. Its the first repetition in various forms. He After looking at all four video
video installation that not only uses material from the public artists, I can say that I prefer the
shows a narrative, but covers a realm and also creates work of Bill Viola. With my own
full circle. performance-based videos. He is video installation coming up in a
experimental with his videos by few weeks time, Ive got a lot of
playing with time elements and inspiration taken from him. In
employing multiple monitors. particular, the layout of his work
Catherines Room and the use of
Gordon has often reused older his split screen projection.
film footage in his photographs
and videos. One of his best-known
art works is 24 Hour Psycho (1993)
which slows down Alfred
Bill Violas The Crossing is a Hitchcock's Rosie Blake
room-sized video installation that
comprises a large two-sided Henley College
screen onto which a pair of video
sequences is simultaneously
projected. It was shot using high-
speed film capable of registering
300 frames per second, more than
the naked eye could register. Viola
reduced the motion later on, film Psycho so that it lasts twenty-
giving it some dramatic effect. four hours. He gained recognition
Water is common feature in for this techniques used as people
Violas installations, so putting it associate his work with repetition,
against fire in The Crossing is time and memory.
quite interesting as they are
natural opposites.