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THECODEOFCRIMINALPROCEDURE,1898

LastAmendedon20170216

CONTENTS

SECTIONS:
PARTI
PRELIMINARY
CHAPTERI
1. Shorttitle.
Commencement.
Extent.
2. [Repealed.]
3. ReferencestoCodeofCriminalProcedureandotherrepealedenactments.
ExpressionsinformerActs.
4. Definitions.
Wordsreferringtoacts.
WordstohavesamemeaningasinPakistanPenalCode.
5. TrialofoffencesunderPenalCode.
Trialofoffencesagainstotherlaws.
PARTII
CONSTITUTIONANDPOWEROFCRIMINALCOURTSAND
OFFICES.
CHAPTERII
OFTHECONSTITUTIONOFCRIMINALCOURTSANDOFFICES
A.ClassesofCriminalCourts

6. ClassesofCriminalCourts
B.TerritorialDivisions

7. Sessionsdivisionsanddistricts.
Powertoalterdivisionsanddistricts.
Existingdivisionsanddistrictsmaintainedtillaltered.
8. Powertodividedistrictsintosubdivisions.
Existingsubdivisionsmaintained.
C.CourtsandOffices
9. CourtofSession.
10. DistrictMagistrate.
11. OfficerstemporarilysucceedingtovacanciesinofficeofDistrictMagistrate.
12. SubordinateMagistrates.
Locallimitsoftheirjurisdiction.
13. PowertoputMagistrateinchargeofsubdivision.
DelegationofpowerstoDistrictMagistrate.

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14. SpecialMagistrates.
15. BenchesofMagistrates.
PowersexerciseablebyBenchinabsenceofspecialdirection.
16. PowertoframerulesforguidanceofBenches.
17. SubordinationofMagistratesandBenchestoDistrictMagistratetosub
divisionalMagistrate.
SubordinationofAssistantSessionsJudgestoSessionsJudge.
D.CourtsofPresidencyMajistrates

1821. [Omitted.]
E.JusticeofthePeace

22. AppointmentofJusticesofthepeace.
22A. PowersofJusticesofthepeace.
22B. DutiesofJusticesofthepeace.
2324. [Repealed.]
25. ExofficioJusticesofthepeace.
F.SuspensionandRemoval.

2627. [Repealed.]
CHAPTERIII
POWERSOFCOURTS
A.DescriptionofOffencescognizablebyeachCourt.
28. OffencesunderPenalCode.
29. Offencesunderotherlaws.
29A. [Omitted.]
29B. JurisdictioninthecaseofJuveniles.
30. Offencesnotpunishablewithdeath.
B.SentenceswhichmaybepassedbyCourtsofvariousclasses.

31. SentenceswhichHighCourtsandSessionsJudgesmaypass.
32. SentenceswhichMagistratesmaypass.
33. PowerofMagistratestosentencetoimprisonmentindefaultoffine.
Provisoastocertaincases.
34. HigherpowersofcertainDistrictMagistrates.
34A. [Omitted.]
35. Sentenceincaseofconvictionofseveraloffencesatonetrial.
Maximumtermofpunishment.
C.OrdinaryandAdditionalPowers.

36. OrdinarypowersofMagistrates.
37. AdditionalpowersconferrableonMagistrates.
38. ControlofDistrictMagistratesinvestingpower.
D.Conferment,ContinuanceandCancellationofPowers.

39. Modeofconferringpowers.
40. Powersofofficersappointed.
41. Powersmaybecancelled.
PARTIII
GENERALPROVISIONS
CHAPTERIV
OFAIDANDINFORMATIONTOTHEMAGISTRATES,THEPOLICE
ANDPERSONSMAKINGARRESTS.

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42. PublicwhentoassistMagistratesandpolice.
43. Aidtoperson,otherthanpoliceofficer,executingwarrant.
44. Publictogiveinformationofcertainoffences.
45. Villageheadmen,accountants,landholdersandothersboundtoreportcertain
matters.
AppointmentofvillageheadmenbyDistrictMagistrateorsubdivisional
Magistrateincertaincasesforpurposesofthissection.
CHAPTERV
OFARREST,ESCAPEANDRETAKING
A.Arrestgenerally.

46. Arresthowmade.
Resistingendeavourtoarrest.
47. Searchofplaceenteredbypersonsoughttobearrested.
48. Procedurewhereingressnotobtainable.
Breakingopenzanana.
49. Powertobreakopendoorsandwindowsforpurposesofliberation.
50. Nounnecessaryrestraint.
51. Searchofarrestedpersons.
52. Modeofsearchingwomen.
53. Powertoseizeoffensiveweapons.
53A. Examinationofpersonaccusedofrape,etc.bymedicalpractitioner.
B.Arrestwithoutwarrant.
54. Whenpolicemayarrestwithoutwarrant.
55. Arrestofvagabonds,habitualrobbers,etc.
56. Procedurewhenpoliceofficerdeputessubordinatetoarrestwithoutwarrant.
57. Refusaltogivenameandresidence.
58. Pursuitofoffendersintootherjurisdictions.
59. Arrestbyprivatepersonsandprocedureonsucharrest.
60. PersonarrestedtobetakenbeforeMagistrateorofficerinchargeofpolice
station.
61. Personarrestednottobedetainedmorethantwentyfourhours.
62. Policetoreportapprehensions.
63. Dischargeofpersonapprehended.
64. OffencecommittedinMagistrate'spresence.
65. ArrestbyorinpresenceofMagistrate.
66. Power,onescape,topursueandretake.
67. Provisionsofsections47,48and49toapplytoarrestsundersection66.
CHAPTERVI
OFPROCESSESTOCOMPELAPPEARANCE
A.Summons.

68. Formofsummons.
Summonsbywhomserved.
69. Summonshowserved.
Signatureofreceiptforsummons.
70. Servicewhenpersonsummonedcannotbefound.
71. Procedurewhenservicecannotbeeffectedasbeforeprovided.
72. ServiceonservantofState,statutorybodyoraCompany.
73. Serviceofsummonsoutsidelocallimits.

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74. Proofofserviceinsuchcasesandwhenservingpersonnotpresent.
B.Warrantofarrest.
75. Formofwarrantofarrest.
Continuanceofwarrantofarrest.
76. Courtmaydirectsecuritytobetaken.
Recognizancetobeforwarded.
77. Warrantstowhomdirected.
Warrantstoseveralpersons.
78. Warrantmaybedirectedtolandholders,etc.
79. Warrantdirectedtopoliceofficer.
80. Notificationofsubstanceofwarrant.
81. PersonarrestedtobebroughtbeforeCourtwithoutdelay.
82. Wherewarrantmaybeexecuted.
83. Warrantforwardedforexecutionoutsidejurisdiction.
84. Warrantdirectedtopoliceofficerforexecutionoutsidejurisdiction.
85. Procedureonarrestofpersonagainstwhomwarrantissued.
86. ProcedurebyMagistratebeforewhompersonarrestedisbrought.
86A. ProcedureforremovalincustodytoTribalAreas.
C.ProclamationandAttachment.

87. Proclamationforpersonabsconding.
88. Attachmentofpropertyofpersonabsconding.
89. Restorationofattachedproperty.
D.OtherRulesregardingProcesses.

90. Issueofwarrantinlieuof,orinadditionto,summons.
91. Powertotakebondforappearance.
92. Arrestonbreachofbondforappearance.
93. ProvisionsofthisChaptergenerallyapplicabletosummonsandwarrantsof
arrest.
E.SpecialRulesregardingprocessesissuedforserviceorexecutionoutside
PakistanandprocessesreceivedfromoutsidePakistanforserviceor
executionwithinPakistan.
93A. SendingofsummonsforserviceoutsidePakistan.
93B. SendingofwarrantsforexecutionoutsidePakistan.
93C. ServiceandexecutioninPakistanofprocessesreceivedfromoutsidePakistan.
CHAPTERVII
OFPROCESSESTOCOMPELTHEPRODUCTIONOFDOCUMENTS
ANDOTHERMOVEABLEPROPERTY,ANDFORTHEDISCOVERY
OFPERSONSWRONGFULLYCONFINED.
A.SummonstoProduce.
94. Summonstoproducedocumentorotherthing.
95. Procedureastolettersandtelegrams.
B.SearchWarrants.
96. Whensearchwarrantmaybeissued.
97. Powertorestrictwarrant.
98. Searchofhousesuspectedtocontainstolenproperty,forgeddocuments,etc.
99. Disposalofthingsfoundinsearchbeyondjurisdiction.
99A. Powertodeclarecertainpublicationsforfeitedandtoissuesearchwarrantsfor
thesame.
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99B. ApplicationtoHighCourttosetasideorderofforfeiture.
99C. [Omitted.]
99D. OrderofHighCourtsettingasideforfeiture.
99E. Evidencetoprovenatureortendencyofnewspapers.
99F. ProcedureinHighCourt.
99G. Jurisdictionbarred.
C.DiscoveryofPersonswrongfullyconfined.
100. Searchforpersonswrongfullyconfined.
D.GeneralProvisionsrelatingtoSearches.
101. Direction,etc.,ofsearchwarrants.
102. Personsinchargeofclosedplacetoallowsearch.
103. Searchtobemadeinpresenceofwitnesses.
Occupantofplacesearchedmayattend.
E.Miscellaneous.
104. Powertoimpounddocument,etc.,produced.
105. Magistratemaydirectsearchinhispresence.
PARTIV
PREVENTIONOFOFFENCES
CHAPTERVIII
OFSECURITYFORKEEPINGTHEPEACEANDFORGOOD
BEHAVIOUR.
A.SecurityforkeepingthePeaceonConviction.
106. Securityforkeepingthepeaceonconviction.
B.SecurityforkeepingthePeaceinotherCasesandSecurityforGood
Behaviour.
107. Securityforkeepingthepeaceinothercases.
ProcedureofMagistratenotempoweredtoactundersubsection(1).
108. Securityforgoodbehaviourfrompersonsdisseminatingseditiousmatter.
109. Securityforgoodbehaviourfromvagrantsandsuspectedpersons.
110. Securityforgoodbehaviourfromhabitualoffenders.
111. [Repealed.]
112. Ordertobemade.
113. Procedureinrespectofpersonpresentincourt.
114. Summonsorwarrantincaseofpersonnotsopresent.
115. Copyoforderundersection112toaccompanysummonsorwarrant.
116. Powertodispensewithpersonalattendance.
117. Inquiryastotruthofinformation.
118. Ordertogivesecurity.
119. Dischargeofpersoninformedagainst.
C.ProceedingsinallCasessubsequenttoOrdertofurnishSecurity.

120. Commencementofperiodforwhichsecurityisrequired.
121. Contentsofbond.
122. Powertorejectsureties.
123. Imprisonmentindefaultofsecurity.
ProceedingswhentobelaidbeforeHighCourtorCourtofSessions.
Kindofimprisonment.
124. Powertoreleasepersonsimprisonedforfailingtogivesecurity.

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125. PowertoDistrictMagistratetocancelanybondforkeepingthepeaceorgood
behaviour.
126. Dischargeofsureties.
126A. Securityforunexpiredperiodofbond.
CHAPTERIX
UNLAWFULASSEMBLIES
127. AssemblytodisperseoncommandofMagistrateorpoliceofficer.
128. Useofcivilforcetodisperse.
129. Useofmilitaryforce.
130. DutyofofficercommandingtroopsrequiredbyMagistratetodisperseassembly.
131. Powerofcommissionedmilitaryofficerstodisperseassembly.
131A. PowertousemilitaryforceforpublicSecurityandmaintenanceoflawand
order.
132. Protectionagainstprosecutionforactsdoneunderthischapter.
132A. Definitions.
CHAPTERX
PUBLICNUISANCES
133. Conditionalorderforremovalofnuisance.
134. Serviceornotificationoforder.
135. Persontowhomorderisaddressedtoobeyorshowcauseorclaimjury.
136. Consequenceofhisfailingtodoso.
137. Procedurewhereheappearstoshowcause.
138. Procedurewhenheclaimsjury.
139. ProcedurewherejuryfindsMagistrate'sordertobereasonable.
139A. Procedurewhereexistenceofpublicrightisdenied.
140. Procedureonorderbeingmadeabsolute.
Consequencesofdisobediencetoorder.
141. Procedureonfailuretoappointjuryoromissiontoreturnverdict.
142. Injunctionpendinginquiry.
143. Magistratemayprohibitrepetitionorcontinuanceofpublicnuisance.
CHAPTERXI
TEMPORARYORDERSINURGENTCASESOFNUISANCEOR
APPREHENDEDDANGER.
144. Powertoissueorderabsoluteatonceinurgentcasesofnuisanceor
apprehendeddanger.
CHAPTERXII
DISPUTESASTOIMMOVEABLEPROPERTY
145. Procedurewheredisputeconcerningland,etc,islikelytocausebreachof
peace.
Inquiryastopossession.
Partyinpossessiontoretainpossessionuntillegallyevicted.
146. Powertoattachsubjectofdispute.
147. Disputesconcerningrightsofuseofimmovableproperty,etc.
148. Localinquiry.
Orderastocosts.
CHAPTERXIII
PREVENTIVEACTIONOFTHEPOLICE
149. Policetopreventcognizableoffences.
150. Informationofdesigntocommitsuchoffences.
151. Arresttopreventsuchoffences.
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152. Preventionofinjurytopublicproperty.
153. Inspectionofweightsandmeasures.
PARTV
INFORMATIONTOTHEPOLICEANDTHEIRPOWERSTO
INVESTIGATE.
CHAPTERXIV
154. Informationincognizablecases.
155. Informationinnoncognizablecases.
Investigationintononcognizablecases.
156. Investigationintocognizablecases.
156A. Investigationofoffenceundersection295C,PakistanPenalCode.
156B. Investigationagainstawomenaccusedoftheoffenceofzina.
157. Procedurewherecognizableoffencesuspected.
Wherelocalinvestigationdispensedwith.
Wherepoliceofficerinchargeseesnosufficientgroundforinvestigation.
158. Reportsundersection157howsubmitted.
159. Powertoholdinvestigationorpreliminaryinquiry.
160. Policeofficer'spowertorequireattendanceofwitnesses.
161. Examinationofwitnessesbypolice.
161A. Legalrepresentationofvictimofrape,etc.
162. Statementtopolicenottobesigned,useofsuchstatementsinevidence.
163. Noinducementtobeoffered.
164. Powertorecordstatementsandconfessions.
164A. Medicalexaminationofvictimofrape,etc.
164B. DNAtest.
165. Searchbypoliceofficer.
166. Whenofficerinchargeofpolicestationmayrequireanothertoissuesearch
warrant.
167. Procedurewheninvestigationcannotbecompletedintwentyfourhours.
168. Reportofinvestigationbysubordinatepoliceofficer.
169. Releaseofaccusedwhenevidencedeficient.
170. Casetobesenttomagistratewhenevidenceissufficient.
171. Complaintsandwitnessesnottoberequiredtoaccompanypoliceofficer.
Complainantsandwitnessesnottobesubjectedtorestraint.
Recusantcomplainantorwitnessmaybeforwardedincustody.
172. Diaryofproceedingsininvestigation.
173. Reportofpoliceofficer.
174. Policetoinquireandreportonsuicide,etc.
175. Powertosummonpersons.
176. Inquirybymagistrateintocauseofdeath.
Powertodisintercorpses.
PARTVI
PROCEEDINGSINPROSECUTIONS
CHAPTERXV
OFTHEJURISDICTIONOFTHECRIMINALCOURTSININQUIRIES
ANDTRIALS.
A.PlaceofInquiryorTrial.
177. Ordinaryplaceofinquiryandtrial.

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178. Powertoordercasestobetriedindifferentsessionsdivisions.
179. Accusedtriableindistrictwhereactisdoneorwhereconsequenceensues.
180.. Placeoftrialwhereactisoffencebyreasonofrelationtootheroffence.
181. Beingathugorbelongingtoagangofdacoits,escapefromcustody,etc.
Criminalmisappropriationandcriminalbreachoftrust.
Theft.
Kidnappingandabduction.
182. Placeofinquiryortrialwheresceneofoffenceisuncertainornotinonedistrict
onlyorwhereoffenceiscontinuingorconsistsofseveralacts.
183. Offencecommittedonajourney.
184. [Repealed.]
185. HighCourttodecide,incaseofdoubt,districtwhereinquiryortrialshalltake
place.
186. Powertoissuesummonsorwarrantforoffencecommittedbeyondlocal
jurisdiction.
Magistrate'sprocedureonarrest.
187. ProcedurewherewarrantissuedbysubordinateMagistrate.
188. LiabilityforoffencescommittedoutsidePakistan.
PoliticalAgentstocertifyfitnessofinquiryintocharge.
189. Powertodirectcopiesofdepositionsandexhibitstobereceivedinevidence.
B.ConditionsrequisiteforinitiationofProceedings.
190. CognizanceofoffencesbyMagistrates.
191. Transferorcommitmentonapplicationofaccused.
192. TransferofcasesbyMagistrates.
193. CognizanceofoffencesbyCourtsofSession.
194. CognizanceofoffencesbyHighCourt.
195. Prosecutionforcontemptoflawfulauthorityofpublicservants.
Prosecutionforcertainoffencesagainstpublicjustice.
Prosecutionforcertainoffencesrelatingtodocumentsgiveninevidence.
196. Prosecutionforoffencesagainstthestate.
196A. Prosecutionforcertainclassesofcriminalconspiracy.
196B. Preliminaryinquiryincertaincases.
197. Prosecutionofjudgesandpublicservants.
PowerofPresidentorGovernorastoprosecution.
198. Prosecutionforbreachofcontract,defamationandoffencesagainstmarriage.
198A. Prosecutionfordefamationagainstpublicservantsinrespectoftheirconductin
thedischargeofpublicfunctions.
199. Prosecutionforadulteryorenticingamarriedwoman.
199A. Objectionbylawfulguardiantocomplaintbypersonotherthanperson
aggrieved.
199B. Formofauthorisationundersecondprovisotosection198or199.
CHAPTERXVI
OFCOMPLAINTSTOMAGISTRATES
200. Examinationofcomplainant.
201. ProcedurebyMagistratenotcompetenttotakecognizanceofthecase.
202. Postponementofissueofprocess.
203. Dismissalofcomplaints.
CHAPTERXVII
OFTHECOMMENCEMENTOFPROCEEDINGSBEFORE
MAGISTRATES

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204. Issueofprocess.
205. Magistratemaydispensewithpersonalattendanceofaccused.
CHAPTERXVIII
[Omitted.]
CHAPTERXIX
OFTHECHARGE
FormofCharges
221. Chargetostateoffence.
Specificnameofoffencesufficientdescription.
Howstatedwhereoffencehasnospecificname.
Whatimpliedincharge.
Languageofcharge.
Previousconvictionwhentobesetout.
222. Particularsastotime,placeandperson.
223. Whenmannerofcommittingoffencemustbestated.
224. Wordsinchargetakeninsenseoflawunderwhichoffenceispunishable.
225. Effectoferrors.
226. [Omitted.]
227. Courtmayaltercharge.
228. Whentrialmayproceedimmediatelyafteralteration.
229. Whennewtrialmaybedirected,ortrialsuspended.
230. Stayofproceedingsifprosecutionofoffenceinalteredchargerequireprevious
sanction.
231. Recallofwitnesseswhichchargealtered.
232. Effectofmaterialerror.
JoinderofCharges
233. Separatechargedfordistinctoffences.
234. Threeoffencesofsamekindwithinyearmaybechargedtogether.
235. Trialformorethanoneoffence.
Offencefallingwithintwodefinitions.
Actsconstitutingoneoffence,butconstitutingwhencombinedadifferent
offence.
236. Whenitisdoubtfulwhatoffencehasbeencommitted.
237. Whenapersonischargedwithoneoffence,hecanbeconvictedofanother.
238. Whenoffenceprovedincludedinoffencecharged.
239. Whatpersonsmaybechargedjointly.
240 Withdrawalofremainingchargesonconvictionononeofseveralcharges.
CHAPTERXX
OFTHETRIALOFSUMMONSCASESBYMAGISTRATES
241. Procedureintrialofcases.
241A. Supplyofstatementsanddocumentstotheaccused.
242. Chargetobeframed.
243. Convictiononadmissionoftruthofaccusation.
244. Procedurewhennosuchadmissionismade.
244A. Statementmadeundersection164.
245. Acquittal.
Sentence.
245A. Procedureincasesofpreviousconvictions.
246. [Omitted.]
247. Nonappearanceofcomplainant.
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248. Withdrawalofcomplaint.
249. Powertostopproceedingwhennocomplaint.
249A. Powerofmagistratetoacquitaccusedatanystage.
FrivolousAccusationsincasestriedbyMagistrate
250. False,frivolousorvexatiousaccusations.
CHAPTERXXI
[Omitted.]
CHAPTERXXII
OFSUMMARYTRIALS
260. Powertotrysummarily.
261. PowertoinvestBenchofMagistratesinvestedwithlesspowers.
262. ProcedureprescribedinChapterXXapplicable.
Limitofimprisonment.
263. Recordincaseswherethereisnoappeal.
264. Recordinappealablecases.
265. Languageofrecordandjudgment.
Benchmaybeauthorizedtoemployclerk
CHAPTERXXIIA
TRIALSBEFOREHIGHCOURTSANDCOURTSOFSESSION
265A. TrialsbeforeCourtofSessiontobyconductedbyPublicProsecutor.
265B. ProcedureincasestriablebyHighCourtsandCourtsofSession.
265C. SupplyofStatementsanddocumentstotheaccused.
265D. Whenchargetobeframed.
265E. Plea.
265F. Evidenceforprosecution.
265G. Summoningupbyprosecutoranddefence.
265H. Acquittalorconviction.
265I. Procedureincaseofpreviousconviction.
265J. Statementundersection164admissible.
265K. PowerofCourttoacquitaccusedatanystage.
265L. PowerofAdvocateGeneraltostayprosecution.
265M. Timeofholdingsittings.
265N. Placeofholdingsittings.
266336. [Omitted.]
CHAPTERXXIII
[Omitted.]
CHAPTERXXIV
GENERALPROVISIONSASTOINQUIRIESANDTRIALS
337. Tenderofpardontoaccomplice.
338. Powertograntortenderofpardon.
339. Commitmentofpersontowhompardonhasbeentendered.
339A. Procedureintrialofpersonundersection339.
340. Rightofpersonagainstwhomproceedingsareinstitutedtobedefendedandhis
competencytobeawitness.
341. Procedurewhereaccuseddoesnotunderstandproceedings.
342. Powertoexaminetheaccused.

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343. Noinfluencetobeusedtoinducedisclosures.
344. Powertopostponeoradjournproceedings.
Remand.
Reasonablecauseforremand.
344A. Conclusionoftrial.
345. Compoundingoffences.
346. Procedureofmagistrateincaseswhichhecannotdisposeof.
347. Procedurewhenaftercommencementoftrial,Magistratefindscaseshouldbe
triedbyCourtofSessionorHighCourt.
348. Trialofpersonspreviouslyconvictedofoffencesagainstcoinage,stamplawor
property.
349. Procedurewhenmagistratecannotpasssentencesufficientlysevere.
350. Convictionorevidencepartlyrecordedbyonepresidingofficerandpartlyby
another.
350A. ChangesinconstitutionofBenches.
351. DetentionofoffendersattendingCourt.
352. Courtstobeopen.
CHAPTERXXV
OFTHEMODEOFTAKINGANDRECORDINGEVIDENCEIN
INQUIRIESADNTRIALS.
353. Evidencetobetakeninpresenceofaccused.
354. Mannerofrecordingevidence.
355. RecordintrialsofcertaincasesbyfirstandsecondclassMagistrates.
356.. Recordinothercases.
EvidencegiveninEnglish.
MemorandumwhenevidencenottakendownbytheMagistrateorJudge
himself.
357. Languageofrecordofevidence.
358. OptiontoMagistrateincasesundersection355.
359. Modeofrecordingevidenceundersection356orsection357.
360. Procedureinregardtosuchevidencewhencompleted.
361. Interpretationofevidencetoaccusedorhispleader.
362. [Omitted.]
363. Remarksrespectingdemeanourofwitness.
364. Examinationofaccusedhowrecorded.
365. RecordofevidenceinHighCourt.
CHAPTERXXVI
OFTHEJUDGEMENT
366. Modeofdeliveringjudgment.
367. Languageofjudgment.
Contentsofjudgment.
Judgementinalternative.
368. Sentenceofdeath.
369. Courtnottoalterjudgment.
370. [Omitted.]
371. Copyofjudgment,etc,tobegiventoaccused.
Caseofpersonsentencedtodeath.
372. Judgmentwhentobetranslated.
373. CourtofSessiontosendcopyoffindingandsentencetoDistrictMagistrate.
CHAIPTERXXVII
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OFTHESUBMISSIONOFSENTENCESFORCONFIRMATION
374. SentenceofdeathtobesubmittedbyCourtofSession.
375. Powertodirectfurtherinquirytobemadeoradditionalevidencetobetaken.
376. PowertoHighCourttoconfirmsentenceorannulconviction.
377. Confirmationofnewsentencetobesignedbytwojudges.
378. Procedureincaseofdifferenceofopinion.
379. ProcedureincasessubmittedtoHighCourtforconfirmation.
380. ProcedureincasessubmittedbyMagistratenotempoweredtoactundersection
562.
CHAPTERXXVIII
OFEXECUTION
381. Executionoforderpassedundersection376.
382. Postponementofcapitalsentenceonpregnantwoman.
382A. Postponementofexecutionofsentencesofimprisonmentundersection476or
foraperiodoflessthanoneyear.
382B. Periodofdetentiontobeconsideredwhileawardingsentenceofimprisonment.
382C. Scandalousorfalseandfrivolouspleastobeconsideredinpassingsentence.
383. Executionofsentencesofimprisonmentforlifeorimprisonmentinothercases.
384. Directionofwarrantforexecution.
385. Warrantwithwhomtobelodged.
386. Warrantforlevyoffine.
387. Effectofsuchwarrant.
388. Suspensionofexecutionofsentenceofimprisonment.
389. Whomayissuewarrant.
390. Executionofsentenceofwhippingonly.
391. Executionofsentenceofwhipping,inadditiontoimprisonment.
392. Modeofinflictingpunishment.
Limitofnumberofstripes.
393. Nottobeexecutedbyinstalments.
Exemptions.
394. Whippingnottobeinflictedifoffendernotinfitstateofhealth.
Stayofexecution.
395. Procedureifpunishmentcannotbeinflictedundersection394.
396. Executionofsentenceonescapedconvicts.
397. Sentenceonoffenderalreadysentencedforanotheroffence.
398. Savingastosections396and397.
399. Confinementofyouthfuloffendersinreformatories.
400. Returnofwarrantonexecutionofsentence.
CHAPTERXXIX
OFSUSPENSIONS,REMISSIONSANDCOMMUNICATIONSOF
SENTENCES.
401. Powertosuspendorremitsentences.
402. Powertocommutepunishment.
402A. Sentenceofdeath.
402B. CertainrestrictionsontheexerciseofpowersbyProvincialGovernment.
CHAPTERXXX
OFPREVIOUSACQUITTALSORCONVICTIONS
403. Persononceconvictedoracquittednottobetriedforsameoffence.
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PARTVII
OFAPPEAL,REFERENCEANDREVISION.
CHAPTERXXXI
OFAPPEALS
404. Unlessotherwiseprovided,noappealtolie.
405. Appealfromorderrejectingapplicationforrestorationofattachedproperty.
406. Appealfromorderrequiringsecurityforkeepingthepeaceorforgood
behaviour.
406A. Appealfromorderrefusingtoacceptorrejectingasurety.
407. AppealfromsentenceofMagistrateofthesecondorthirdclass.
TransferofappealstofirstclassMagistrate.
408. AppealfromsentenceofAssistantSessionsJudgeorMagistrateofthefirst
class.
409. AppealstoCourtofSessionhowheard.
410. AppealfromsentenceofCourtofSession.
411. [Omitted.]
411A. AppealfromsentenceofHighCourt.
412. Noappealincertaincaseswhenaccusedpleadsguilty.
413. Noappealinpettycases.
414. Noappealfromcertainsummaryconvictions.
415. Provisotosections413and414.
415A. Specialrightofappealincertaincases.
416. [Repealed.]
417. Appealincaseofacquittal.
418. Appealonwhatmattersadmissible.
419. Petitionofappeal.
420. Procedurewhenappellantinjail.
421. Summarydismissalofappeal.
422. Noticeofappeal.
423. PowersofAppellateCourtindisposingofappeal.
424. JudgmentsofsubordinateAppellateCourts.
425. OrderbyHighCourtonappealtobecertifiedtolowerCourt.
426. Suspensionofsentencependingappeals.
Releaseofappellantonbail.
427. Arrestofaccusedinappealfromacquittal.
428. Appeallatecourtmaytakefurtherevidenceordirectittobetaken.
429. ProcedurewherejudgesofCourtofAppealareequallydivided.
430. Finalityofordersonappeal.
431. Abatementofappeals.
CHAPTERXXXII
OFREFERENCEANDREVISION
432434. [Omitted.]
435. PowertocallforrecordsofinferiorCourts.
436. Powertoorderinquiry.
437. [Omitted.]
438. ReporttoHighCourt.

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439. HighCourt'spowersofrevision.
439A. SessionsJudge'spowersofrevision.
440. OptionalwithCourttohearparties.
441. [Omitted.]
442. HighCourt'sordertobecertifiedtolowerCourtorMagistrate.
PARTVIII
SPECIALPROCEEDINGS
CHAPTERXXXIII
[Omitted.]
CHAPTERXXXIV
LUNATICS
464. Procedureincaseofaccusedbeinglunatic.
465. ProcedureincaseofpersonsentfortrialCourtofSessionorHighCourtbeing
lunatic.
466. Releaseoflunaticpendinginvestigationortrial.
Custodyoflunatic.
467. Resumptionofinquiryortrial.
468. ProcedureonaccusedappearingbeforeMagistrateorCourt.
469. Whenaccusedappearstohavebeeninsane.
470. Judgmentofacquittalongroundoflunacy.
471. Personacquittedonsuchgroundtobedetainedinsafecustody.
PowerofProvincialGovernmenttorelieveInspectorGeneralofcertain
functions.
472. [Repealed.]
473. Procedurewherelunaticprisonerisreportedcapableofmakinghisdefence.
474. Procedurewherelunaticdetainedundersection466or471isdeclaredfittobe
released.
475. Deliveryoflunatictocareofrelativeorfriend.
CHAPTERXXXV
PROCEEDINGSINCASEOFCERTAINOFFENCESAFFECTINGTHE
ADMINISTRATIONOFJUSTICE.
476. Procedureincasesmentionedinsection195.
476A. ForwardingofcasesfortrialbyCourtshavingjurisdiction.
476B. [Omitted.]
477. [Repealed.]
478. [Omitted.]
479. [Omitted.]
480. Procedureincertaincasesofcontempt.
481. Recordinsuchcases.
482. ProcedurewhereCourtconsidersthatcaseshouldnotbedealtwithunder
section480.
483. WhenRegistrarorSubRegistrartobedeemedaCivilCourtwithinsections480
and482.
484. Dischargeofoffenderonsubmissionofapology.
485. Imprisonmentorcommittalofpersonrefusingtoanswerorproducedocument.
486. Appealsfromconvictionsincontemptcases.
487. CertainJudgesandMagistratesnottotryoffencesreferredtoinsection195
whencommittedbeforethemselves.
CHAPTERXXXVI
[Omitted.]
Page 14 of 319
CHAPTERXXXVII
DIRECTIONSOFTHENATUREOFAHABEASCORPUS
491. Powertoissuedirectionsofthenatureofahabeascarpus.
491A. [Omitted.]
PARTIX
SUPPLEMENTARYPROVISIONS
CHAPTERXXXVIII
OFTHEPUBLICPROSECUTOR
492. PowertoappointPublicProsecutors.
493. PublicProsecutormaypleadinallCourtsincasesunderhischarge.
Pleadersprivatelyinstructedtobeunderhisdirection.
494. Effectofwithdrawalfromprosecution.
495. Permissiontoconductprosecution.
CHAPTERXXXIX
OFBAIL
496. Inwhatcasesbailtobetaken.
497. Whenbailmaybetakenincaseofnonbailableoffence.
498. Powertodirectadmissiontobailorreductionofbail.
498A. Nobailtobegrantedtoapersonnotincustody,incourtoragainstwhomno
caseisregistered,etc.
499. Bondofaccusedandsureties.
500. Dischargefromcustody.
501. Powertoordersufficientbailwhenthatfirsttakenisinsufficient.
502. Dischargeofsureties.
CHAPTERXL
OFCOMMISSIONSFORTHEEXAMINATIONOFWITNESSES
503. Whenattendanceofwitnessmaybedispensedwith.
504. [Omitted.]
505. Partiesmayexaminewitnesses.
506. PowerofMagistratetoapplyforissueofcommission.
507. Returnofcommission.
508. Adjournmentofinquiryortrial.
508A. ApplicationofthisChaptertoCommissionsissuedinBurma.
CHAPTERXLI
SPECIALRULESOFEVIDENCE
509. Depositionofmedicalwitness.
Powertosummonmedicalwitness.
510. ReportofChemicalExaminer,Serologist,etc.
511. Previousconvictionoracquittalhowproved.
512. Recordofevidenceinabsenceofaccused.
Recordofevidencewhenoffenderunknown.
CHAPTERXLII
PROVISIONSASTOBONDS
513. Depositinsteadofrecognizance.
514. Procedureonforfeitureofbond.
514A. Procedureincaseofinsolvencyordeathofsuretyorwhenabondisforfeited.
514B. Bondrequiredfromaminor.
515. Appealfrom,andrevisionof,ordersundersection514.

Page 15 of 319
516. Powertodirectlevyofamountdueoncertainrecognizances.
CHAPTERXLIII
OFTHEDISPOSALOFPROPERTY
516A. Orderforcustodyanddisposalofpropertypendingtrialincertaincases.
517. Orderfordisposalofpropertyregardingwhichoffencecommitted.
518. OrdermaytakeformofreferencetoDistrictorSubdivisionalMagistrate.
519. Paymenttoinnocentpurchaserofmoneyfoundonaccused.
520. Stayoforderundersection517,518or519.
521. Destructionoflibellousandothermatter.
522. Powertorestorepossessionofimmovableproperty.
522A. Powertorestorepossessionofmovableproperty.
523. Procedurebypoliceuponseizureofpropertytakenundersection51orstolen.
Procedurewhereownerofpropertyseizedunknown.
524. Procedurewherenoclaimantappearswithinsixmonths.
525. Powertosellperishableproperty.
CHAPTERXLIV
OFTHETRANSFEROFCRIMINALCASES
526. HighCourtmaytransfercaseoritselftryit.
NoticetoPublicProsecutorofapplicationunderthissection.
Adjournmentonapplicationunderthissection.
526A. [Omitted.]
527. PowerofProvincialGovernmenttotransfercasesandappeals.
528. SessionsJudgemaywithdrawcasesfromAssistantSessionsJudge.
CHAPTERXLIVA
[Omitted.]
CHAPTERXLV
OFIRREGULARPROCEEDINGS
529. Irregularitieswhichdonotvitiateproceedings.
530. Irregularitieswhichvitiateproceedings.
531. Proceedingsinwrongplace.
532. [Omitted.]
533. Noncompliancewithprovisionsofsection164or364.
534. [Omitted.]
535. Effectofomissiontopreparecharge.
536. [Omitted.]
537. Findingorsentencewhenreversiblebyreasonoferrororomissioninchargeor
otherproceedings.
538. Attachmentnotillegal,personmakingsamenottrespasserfordefectorwantof
forminproceedings.
CHAPTERXLVI
MISCELLANEOUS
539. Courtsandpersonsbeforewhomaffidavitsmaybesworn.
539A. Affidavitinproofofconductofpublicservant.
539B. Localinspection.
540. Powertosummonmaterialwitnessorexaminepersonpresent.
540A. Provisionforinquiriesandtrialbeingheldintheabsenceofaccusedincertain
cases.
541. Powertoappointplaceofimprisonment.
Removaltocriminaljailofaccusedorconvictedpersonswhoarein
Page 16 of 319
confinementinciviljail,andtheirreturntotheciviljail.
542. [Repealed.]
543. Interpretertobeboundtointerprettruthfully.
544. Expensesofcomplainantsandwitnesses.
544A. Compensationtotheheirstothepersonkilled,etc.
545. PowerofCourttopayexpensesofcompensationoutoffine.
546. Paymentstobetakenintoaccountinsubsequentsuit.
546A. Orderofpaymentofcertainfeespaidbycomplainantinnoncognizablecases.
547. Moneysorderedtobepaidrecoverableasfines.
548. Copiesofproceedings.
549. DeliverytomilitaryauthoritiesofpersonsliabletobetriedbyCourtmartial.
Apprehensionofsuchpersons.
550. Powerstopolicetoseizepropertysuspectedtobestolen.
551. Powersofsuperiorofficersofpolice.
552. Powerstocompelrestorationofabductedfemales.
553. [Repealed.]
554. PowerofHighCourtstomakerulesforinspectionofrecordsofsubordinate
Courts.
PowerofHighCourtstomakerulesforotherpurposes.
555. Forms.
556. CaseinwhichJudgeorMagistrateispersonallyinterested.
557. PractisingpleadernottositasMagistrateincertainCourts.
558. PowertodecidelanguageofCourts.
559. ProvisionforpowersofJudgesandMagistratesbeingexercisedbytheir
successorsinoffice.
560. Officersconcernedinsalesnottopurchaseorbidforproperty.
561. [Repealed.]
561A. SavingofinherentpowerofHighCourt.
Firstoffenders
562. PowersofCourttoreleasecertainconvictedoffendersonprobationofgood
conductinsteadofsentencingtopunishment.
Convictionandreleasewithadmonition.
563. Provisionincaseofoffenderfailingtoobserveconditionsofhisrecognizances.
564. Conditionsastoabodeofoffender.
Previouslyconvictedoffenders
565. Orderfornotifyingaddressofpreviouslyconvictedoffender.
SCHEDULE
[Repealed.]
I.
SCHEDULE
TABULARSTATEMENTOFOFFENCES.
II.
SCHEDULE
ORDINARYPOWERSOFPROVINCIALMAGISTRATES.
III.
SCHEDULE ADDITIONALPOWERSWITHWHICHPROVINCIALMAGISTRATES
IV. MAYBEINVESTED.
SCHEDULE
FORMS
V.

Page 17 of 319

TheCodeofCriminalProcedure
1ACTNO.VOF1898

[22ndMarch,1898]

AnActtoconsolidateandamendthelawrelatingtotheCriminalProcedure.

WHEREASitisexpedienttoconsolidateandamendthelawrelatingtoCriminalProcedureItishereby
enactedasfollows:

PARTI
PRELIMINARY
CHAPTERI

1. Short title. commencement.__(1) This Act may be called the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
anditshallcomeintoforceonthefirstdayofJuly,1898.

(2)Extent.Itextendsto 2[thewholeofPakistan]but,intheabsenceofanyspecificprovisiontothe
contrary, nothing herein contained shall affect any special or local law now in force, or any special
jurisdictionorpowerconferred,oranyspecialformofprocedureprescribed,byanyotherlawforthetime
beinginforce,3***.
3*******

2.[Repealofenactments,notifications,etc.,underrepealedActs.Pendingcases.]Rep.bytheRepealing
andAmendingAct,1914(Xof1914).

1 ForStatementofObjectsandReasons,seeGazetteofIndia,1897,Pt.V,p.363forReportoftheSelectCommittee,seeibid.,1898,Pt.V,p.19andforProceedingsinCouncil,seeibid.,1897,Pt.VI,
pp.238and254andibid.,1898,pp.22,101and175.
Ithasbeendeclaredtobeinforcein
Baluchistan,bytheBritishBaluchistanLawsRegulation,1913(2of1913),s.3andSch.I.
IthasbeenextendedtotheLeasedAreasofBaluchistan,seetheLeasedAreas(Laws)Order,1950(G.G.O.3of1950)andappliedintheFederatedAreasofBaluchistan,seeGazetteofIndia,1937,
Pt.I.p.1499.
IthasalsobeenextendedtotheExcludedAreaofUpperTanawalotherthanPhulerabytheN.W.F.P(UpperTanawal)(ExcludedArea)LawsRegulation,1950,anddeclaredtobeinforceinthat
areawitheffectfrom1st June,1951,seeN.W.F.P.Gazette,Extraordinary,dated1st June,1951.
IthasbeenappliedtoPhuleraintheExcludedAreaofUpperTanawaltotheextenttheActisapplicableintheN.W.F.P.,subjecttocertainmodifications,seeN.W.F.P.(UpperTanawal)(Excluded
Area)LawsRegulation,1950.
ExtendedtotheaddedareaoftheNorthWestFrontierProvince(seeFirstScheduleto(G.G.O.1of1952),witheffectfromthe7th February,1952.seeN.W.F.P.Gazette,1952,Pt.I,p.70.
IthasalsobeenextendedtotheaddedareasmentionedinFirstScheduleofG.G.O.13of1955,seeGazetteofWestPakistan,1957,Ext.,p.555.
AstoitsapplicationincertaindistrictsontheSindhFrontier,seetheSindhFrontierRegulation,1872(5of1872),s.11,andtheSindhFrontierRegulation,1892(3of1892).
Ithasbeenamendedinitsapplicationto
(i)thePunjab,bythePunjabCriminalProcedure(ElectionOffences)AmendmentAct,1936(PunjabAct1of1936)andtheCodeofCriminalProcedure(PunjabAmdt.)Act,1940(PunjabAct11of
1940),PunjabOrdinance9of1971,andthePunjabOrdinance10of1972.
TheCodeofCriminalProcedure,1898(ActVof1898)hasbeenamendedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972,(XIIof1972).ThedateofenforcementoftheprovisionsoftheLawReforms
Ordinance,1972exceptthoserelatingtoseparationofJudiciaryinthedifferentProvincesareasfollows:
1.InthePunjab26121975
2.InN.W.F.P.(ExceptTribalAreas)26121975
3.InSind24121975
4.InQuettaTown,CantonmentAreasandNasirabadDistt.ofBaluchistan.23121975
(ii)N.W.F.P.,bytheCriminalProcedure(ElectionOffences)(N.W.F.P.Amdt).Act,1937(N.W.F.P.Act10of1937),theCodeofCriminalProcedure(N.W.F.PAmdt.)Act,1940(N.W.F.P.Act8of
1940)
(iii)TheProvinceofWestPakistanbyWestPakistanActNo.11of1963,s.2(witheffectfromthe12th July,1963)WestPakistanActNo.17of1964,s.2(witheffectfromthe1st April,1964)theWest
PakistanAct8of1968,andWestPakistanOrdinance33of1969and
(iv)TheProvisionsoftheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),relatingtoamendmentsintheCodeofCriminalProcedure,1898(5of1898),enforcedw.e.f.261275inPunjabandN.W.F.P.
(exceptTribalAreas),w.e.f.241275insindw.e.f.231275inQuettaTownCantonmentAreaandNasirabadDistrictofBaluchistan.
2 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.,foralltheProvincesandthecapitaloftheFederation,whichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)
and4,forthewholeofBritishIndia.
3 Thewordsorshallapplyto,theoriginalclauses(a),(b)and(c),andtheprovisofollowingasamendedbytheDevolutionAct,1920(38of1920),s.2andSch.I,andA.O.,1937,omittedbyA.O.,
1949,Sch.

Page 18 of 319
3. References to Code of Criminal Procedure and other repealed enactments.(1) In every
enactment passed before this Code comes into force in which reference is made to, or to any chapter or
sectionof,theCodeofCriminalProcedure,ActXXVof1861orActXOf1872,orActXof1882,orto
any other enactment hereby repealed, such reference shall, so far as may be practicable, be taken to be
madetothisCodeortoitscorrespondingchapterorsection.

(2) Expressions in former Acts. In every enactment passed before this Code comes into force the
expressions"Officerexercising(or'having')thepowers(or'thefullpowers')ofaMagistrate,Subordinate
Magistrate,firstclass",and"SubordinateMagistrate,secondclass,"shallrespectivelybedeemedtomean
"Magistrateofthefirstclass,""Magistrateofthesecondclass"and"Magistrateofthethirdclass" 1[***]
2
[***]andtheexpressionJointSessionsJudgeshallmean"AdditionalSessionsJudge".

4. Definitions.(1) In this Code the following words and expressions have the following meanings,
unlessadifferentintentionappearsfromthesubjectorcontent:__

(a)"Advocate General. "Advocate General includes also a Government Advocate or, where
there is no Advocate General or Government Advocate, such officer as the 3[Provincial
Government]may,fromtimetotime,appointinthisbehalf:

(b)"BailableOffence.""NonbailableOffence.""bailableoffence"meansanoffenceshownas
bailableinthesecondschedule,orwhichismadebailablebyanyotherlawforthetimebeingin
forceand"nonbailableoffence"meansanyotheroffence:

(c) "Charge." "charge" includes any head of charge when the charge contains more heads than
one:
4*******

5*******

(f) ''Cognizable offence." "Cognizable case." "cognizable offence" means an offence for, and
"cognizablecase"meansacasein,whichapoliceofficer, 6***may,inaccordancewiththe
secondscheduleorunderanylawforthetimebeinginforce,arrestwithoutwarrant:
7*******

(h)''Complaint.""Complaint"meanstheallegationmadeorallyorinwritingtoaMagistrate,with
aviewtohistakingactionunderthisCode,thatsomepersonwhetherknownorunknown,has
committedanoffence,butitdoesnotincludethereportofapoliceofficer:

1 Omittedbyord.37of2001,s.2(w.e.f.1482001).
2 ThewordsandquotationstheexpressionMagistrateofPoliceshallbedeemedtomeanPresidencyMagistrate,,omittedibid.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
4 Clause(d)rep.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1923(11of1923),s.3andSch.II.
5 Clause(e)omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,
EnforcedinPunjab,w.e.f.261275,see,PunjabGovt.Notifin.No.Judl.13(2)/75,dated261275,Ext.,P.1419.
EnforcedinN.W.F.P.w.e.f.261275,see,theN.W.F.P.Govt.Notifin.No.S.O.Judl.Misc.(HD)/75,dated301275,Ext.,P.484a.
EnforcedinSind,w.e.f.231275,see,SindGovt.Notifin.No.S.Legis4(8)/75,dated231275,Ext.p.1327A.
EnforcedinBaluchistan,w.e.f.231275,see,BaluchistanGovt.Notifin.No.Legis3/15/Law/75,dated231275,Ext.,IssueNo.70.
6 Thewordswithinorwithoutthepresidencytowns,omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
7 Clause(g)definingCommissionerofPoliceomitted,ibid.

Page 19 of 319
1*******

(j) "High Court." 2["High Court" means the highest Court of criminal appeal or revision for a
province,3[andtheIslamabadCapitalTerritory]:

(k)"Inquiry.""Inquiry"includeseveryinquiryotherthanatrialconductedunderthisCodebya
MagistrateorCourt.

(l)"Investigation.""Investigation"includesalltheproceedingsunderthisCodeforthecollection
of evidence conducted by a policeofficer or by any person (other than a Magistrate) who is
authorisedbyaMagistrateinthisbehalf:

(m)"JudicialProceeding.""judicialproceeding"includesanyproceedinginthecourseofwhich
evidenceisormaybelegallytakenonoath:

4[ma) "Magistrate" means a Judicial Magistrate and includes a Special Judicial Magistrate
appointedundersections12and14]

(n) "Noncognizable offence." "Noncognizable case." "Noncognizable offence" means an


offencefor,and"noncognizablecase"meansacasein,whichapoliceofficer, 5***,maynot
arrestwithoutwarrant:

(o)"Offence.""Offence"meansanyactoromissionmadepunishablebyanylawforthetimebeing
inforceitalsoincludesanyactinrespectofwhichacomplaintmaybemadeunderSection20
oftheCattletrespassAct,1871(Iof1871):

(p) "Officer incharge of a policestation." "Officer incharge of a policestation" includes, when


theofficerinchargeofthepolicestationisabsentfromthestationhouseorunablefromillness
orothercausetoperformhisduties,thepoliceofficerpresentatthestationhousewhoisnextin
ranktosuchofficerandisabovetherankofconstableor,whenthe 6[ProvincialGovernment]
sodirects,anyotherpoliceofficersopresent:

(q)"Place.""place"includesalsoahouse,building,tentandvessel:

(r)"Pleader.""pleader,"usedwithreferencetoanyproceedinginanyCourt,meansapleader 7[or
amukhtar]authorisedunderanylaw 8forthetimebeinginforcetopractiseinsuchCourt,and
includes(1)anadvocate,avakilandanattorneyofaHighCourtsoauthorised,and(2)any9**
otherpersonappointedwiththepermissionofthecourttoactinsuchproceeding:

1 Clause(i)definingEuropeanBritishsubjectwhichwassubs.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(12of1923),s.2.(1),fortheoriginalclause(i)hasbeenomittedbytheCriminalLaw
(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(2of1950),Sch.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1964,Art.2andSch.forClause(j)whichhadbeensubs.byAct2of1950,Sch.,fortheoriginalclause,asamendedfromtimetotime.
3 AddedbyP.O.70and07Art17.
4 Ins.byord.37of2001,s.3(w.e.f.1482001).
5 ThewordswithinorwithoutapresidencytownomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
6 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
7 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(FurtherAmendment)Act,1923(35of1923),s.2.
8 SeetheLegalPractitionersAct,1846(1of1846)theLegalPractitionersAct,1853(20of1853)theLegalPractitionersAct,1879(18of1879)theLegalPractitionersAct,1884(09of1884)the
LegalPractitioners(Amendment)Act,1908(1of1908)andActXXXVof1973.
InBaluchistan,sees.20(1)(c)oftheSch.totheBritishBaluchistanCriminalJusticeRegulation,1896(8of1896)intheN.W.F.P.,sees.9oftheN.W.F.P.LawandJusticeRegulation,1901(7of
1901)andtherulesissuedunderthatsectioninGazetteofIndia,1902,Pt.II,p.5.
9 Thewords"Mukhtaror"rep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(FurtherAmendment)Act,1923(35of1923),s.2.

Page 20 of 319
(s)"Policestation."policestationmeansanypostorplacedeclared,generallyorspecially,by
the1[ProvincialGovernment]tobeapolicestation,andincludesanylocalareaspecifiedbythe
1[ProvincialGovernment]inthisbehalf:

(t)PublicProsecutor."PublicProsecutormeansanypersonappointedundersection492,and
includes any person acting under the directions of a Public Prosecutor and any person
conducting a prosecution on behalf of 2[the State] in any High Court in the exercise of its
originalcriminaljurisdiction:

(u)Subdivision."Subdivision"meansasubdivisionofadistrict:
3
*******

(2)Wordsreferringtoacts.Wordswhichrefertoactsdone,extendalsotoillegalomissionsand

WordstohavesamemeaningasinPakistanPenalCode.Allwordsandexpressionsusedhereinand
definedinthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),andnothereinbeforedefined,shallbedeemedtohave
themeaningsrespectivelyattributedtothembythatCode.

5.TrialofoffencesunderPenalCode.(1)AlloffencesunderthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860)
shall be investigated, inquired into, tried, and otherwise dealt with according to the provisions hereinafter
contained.

(2)Trialofoffencesagainstotherlaws.Alloffencesunderanyotherlawshallbeinvestigated,inquired
into,tried,andotherwisedealtwithaccordingtothesameprovisions,butsubjecttoanyenactmentforthe
timebeinginforceregulatingthemannerorplaceofinvestigating,inquiringinto,tryingorotherwisedealing
withsuchoffences.

PARTII
CONSTITUTIONANDPOWERSOFCRIMINALCOURTSANDOFFICES

______

CHAPTERII

OFTHECONSTITUTIONOFCRIMINALCOURTSANDOFFICES
A.ClassesofCriminalCourts

[6. Classes of Criminal Courts and Magistrates.(1) Besides the High Court and the Courts
4

constituted under any law other than this Code for the time being in force, there shall be two classes of
CriminalCourtsinPakistan,namely:__

I.CourtsofSession

II.CourtsofMagistrates.

1Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
2Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forHerMajesty(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
3Clauses(v)and(w),omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
4 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.asamendedbyAct23of1997.

Page 21 of 319
1
[(2)ThereshallbethefollowingclassesofMagistrate,namely:

(i)Magistrateofthefirstclass

(ii)Magistrateofthesecondclassand

(iii)Magistrateofthethirdclass.]

B.TerritorialDivisions

7.Sessionsdivisionsanddistricts.(1) 2[EachProvince]shallconsistofsessionsdivisionsandevery
sessionsdivisionshall,forthepurposesofthisCode,beadistrictorconsistofdistricts.

(2)Powertoalterdivisionsanddistricts.The 3[ProvincialGovernment]mayalter 4thelimitsor 5**


*thenumberofsuchdivisionsanddistricts.

(3)Existingdivisionsanddistrictsmaintainedtillaltered.Thesessionsdivisionsanddistrictsexisting
whenthisCodecomesintoforceshallbesessionsdivisionsanddistrictsrespectively,unlessanduntilthey
aresoaltered.
6*******

8. Power to divide districts into subdivisions.(1) The 7[Provincial Government] may divide8 any
district 9***intosubdivisions,ormakeanyportionsofanysuchdistrictasubdivisionandmayalterthe
limitsofanysubdivision.
10***

C.CourtsandOffices9***

9. Court of Session.(1) The 7[Provincial Government] shall establish a Court of Session for every
sessionsdivision,andappointaJudgeofsuchCourt.

(2)The7[ProvincialGovernment]may,bygeneralorspecialorderintheofficialGazette,directatwhat
placeorplacestheCourtofSessionshallholditssittingbut,untilsuchorderismade,theCourtsofSession
shallholdtheirsittingsasheretofore.

(3)The 7[ProvincialGovernment]mayalsoappointAdditionalSessionsJudgesandAssistantSessions
JudgestoexercisejurisdictioninoneormoresuchCourts.

1 Subs.byord.37of2001,s.4(w.e.f.1482001).
2 Subs.byOrdinance21of1960,s.3and2nd.Sch.,(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),forthewords.Everyprovinceshallbeasessionsdivision,or,asamendedbytheFederalLaws
(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andSchII.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
4 Fornotifications,seethedifferentlocalRulesandOrders.
5 ThewordswiththeprevioussanctionoftheGovernorGeneralinCouncilrep.byDevolutionAct,1920(38of1920),s.2andSch.I.
6 Subsection(4)rep.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andSch.II.
7 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
8 Fornotifications,seethedifferentlocalrulesandOrders.

Fornotificationdirectingthat__
(i)PhuleraintheAreaoftheUpperTanawalintheNorthWestfrontierProvince,shallformpartoftheMansehraSubDivisionintheHazaraDistrict,seeN.W.F.P.Govt.Gazette,1952,Pt.I,p.305
and
(ii)thedistrictsinthefirstcolumnofthetablethereinshallbedividedintothesubdivision,seeGazetteofSindh,1954,Pt.I,pp.499and525.
9 Thewords"outsidethepresidencytowns"rep.byAct26of1951,s.3andSch.II.
10OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,s.5(w.e.f1482001).

Page 22 of 319
(4)ASessionsJudgeofonesessionsdivisionmaybeappointedbythe 1[ProvincialGovernment]tobe
alsoanAdditionalSessionsJudgeofanotherdivision,andinsuchcasehemaysitforthedisposalofcasesat
suchplaceorplacesineitherdivisionasthe1[ProvincialGovernment]maydirect.

(5) All Courts of Session existing when this Code comes into force shall be deemed to have been
establishedunderthisAct.
2*******

2*******

3[12.SubordinateMagistrates.(1) The 1Provincial Government may appoint as many persons as it


thinksfittobeMagistratesofthefirst,secondorthirdclassinanydistrictandtheSessionsJudgemay,from
timetotime,definelocalareaswithinwhichsuchpersonsmayexercisealloranyofthepowerswithwhich
they may respectively be invested and shall direct one or more Magistrates of the first class to work as
MobileCourttotryanyoffenceorsuchoffencesasmaybedeterminedunderthisCode.

(2)Exceptasotherwiseprovidedbysuchdefinition,thejurisdictionandpowersofsuchpersonsshall
extendthroughoutsuchdistrict.

(3)NotwithstandinganythingcontainedintheCodeorinanyotherlawforthetimebeinginforcethe
MobileCourtshalltrysuchoffences,insummaryway,asprovidedinChapterXXIIoftheCode.

(4)TheProvincialGovernmentoranyofficerauthorizedbytheProvincialGovernmentinthisbehalf,
fromtimetotime,shallprovidenecessaryfacilitiesandtheDistrictPoliceOfficershallprovidepoliceforce
andsecuritytosuchMobileCourtsfortheirsmoothfunctioningwithintheirterritorialjurisdiction.

(5)ThepresidingofficeroftheMobileCourtshallsendadailyreturntotheSessionsJudgecontaining
the details of each case cognizance of which is taken by such court alongwith names of persons,
addressesandoffenceswithpunishmentsimposedorsuchotherdetailsasmaybeprescribedbytheSessions
Judge.]
4[14.SpecialJudicial5**Magistrate.(1)TheProvincialGovernmentmay,ontherecommendationof

the High Court, confer upon any person 5[including a former Executive Magistrate] all or any of the
powersconferredorconferrablebyorunderthisCodeonaJudicialMagistrateinrespecttoparticularcases
ortoaparticularclassorparticularclassesofcases,orinregardtocasesgenerallyinanylocalarea.

(2)SuchMagistratesshallbecalledSpecialJudicialMagistratesandshallbeappointedforsuchtermas
theProvincialGovernmentmay,inconsultationwiththeHighCourt,bygeneralorspecialorder,direct.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
2 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,ss68(w.e.f.1482001.).
3 Subs.byOrd.VIIof2009,s.2.(validupto26062009).
4 Subs.byord.12of1972,s.2andSch.
5 Omitted&Ins.byOrd.37of2001,ss.910(w.e.f.14.08.2001).

Page 23 of 319
[14A.AppointnmentofSpecialMigistrates.(1)NotwithstandinganythingcontainedinthisCodeor
1

any other law for the time being in force or any judgement of any court including superior courts, the
Provincial Government may appoint Special Magistrates with the powers of a Magistrate First Class
exclusivelyforthetrialofoffencesrelatingtopricecontrolunderanyProvinciallaworFederallawforthe
timebeinginforce.

(2)TheProvincialGovernmentoranyofficerauthorizedbytheProvincialGovernemntinthisbehalf
may, from time to time, define local areas within which such Magistrates may exercise all or any of the
powerswithwhichtheymayrespectivelybeinvestedunderanyProvinciallaworFederallawrelatingto
pricecontrol.]

15. Benches of Magistrates.(1) The 2[Provincial Government] may direct any two or more
3[JudicialMagistrates]inanyplace 4***tosittogetherasaBench,andmaybyorderinvestsuchBench
withanyofthepowersconferredorconferrablebyorunderthisCodeonaMagistrateofthefirst,secondor
thirdclass,anddirectittoexercisesuchpowersinsuchcases,or,suchclassesofcasesonly,andwithinsuch
locallimits,asthe2[ProvincialGovernment]thinksfit.

(2) Powers exercisable by Bench in absence of special direction. Except as otherwise provided by
any order under this section, every such Bench shall have the powers conferred by this Code on a
Magistrate of the highest class to which any one of its members, who is present taking part in the
proceedings as a member of the Bench, belongs, and as far as practicable shall, for the purposes of this
Code,bedeemedtobeaMagistrateofsuchclass.

16.Powertoframerulesforguidanceof5[Magistratesand]Benches.The6[ProvincialGovernment]
may 7[:], from time to time, make rules8 consistent with this Code for the guidance of Magistrates 5[all
Magistratesand]Benchesinanydistrictrespectingthefollowingsubjects:__

(a)theclassesofcasestobetried

(b)thetimesandplacesofsitting

(c)theconstitutionoftheBenchforconductingtrials

(d)themodeofsettlingdifferencesofopinionwhichmayarisebetweentheMagistratesinsession
[:]5

(e)5[Themodeandmannerofcondutingraidsandtrialonthespot.]

1 Ins.byActIIIof2006,s.21.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
3 Subs.byord.12of1972,s.2andSch.
4 ThewordsoutsidethepresidencytownsomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Ins.,subs.andaddedbyActIIIof2006,s.21.
6 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
7 Omitted&Subs.byord.12of1972,s.2&Sch.
8 Forrules,seethedifferentlocalRulesandOrders.

Page 24 of 319
17.1[Subordinationof2***MagistratesandBenchestoSessionsJudge.(1)All 2***Magistrates
appointedundersections12and[,14A],andallBenchesconstitutedundersection15,shallbesubordinate
totheSessionsJudgeandhemay,fromtimetotime,makerulesorgivespecialordersconsistentwiththis
Code and any rules framed by the Provincial Government under Section 16, as to the distribution of
businessamongsuchMagistratesandBenches.

(2)SubordinationofAssistantSessionsJudgestoSessionsJudge.AllAssistantSessionsJudgesshall
be subordinate to the Sessions Judge in whose Court they exercise jurisdiction, and he may, from time to
time,makerulesconsistentwiththisCodeastothedistributionofbusinessamongsuch,AssistantSessions
Judges.

(3)TheSessionsJudgemayalso,whenhehimselfisunavoidablyabsentorincapableofacting,make
provisionforthedisposalofanyurgentapplicationbyanAdditionalorAssistantSessionsJudgeor,ifthere
benoAdditionalorAssistantJudge,by[2***]suchJudgeorMagistrateshallhavejurisdictiontodealwith
anysuchapplication.2***

DCourtsofPresidencyMagistrates.

18 to 21. [Appointment of Presidency Magistrates. Benches, Local limits of Jurisdiction. Chief


PresidencyMagistrate.]OmittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.

E.JusticesofthePeace
3[22. Appointment of Justices of the Peace. The Provincial Government may, by notification in the
officialGazette,appointforsuchperiodasmaybespecifiedinthenotification,andsubjecttosuchrulesas
may be made by it, any person who is a citizen of Pakistan and as to whose integrity and suitability it is
satisfiedtobeaJusticeofthePeaceforalocalareatobespecifiedinthenotification,andmorethanone
JusticeofthePeacemaybeappointedforthesamelocalarea.

22A. Powers of Justices of the Peace.(1) A Justice of the Peace for any local area shall, for the
purposeofmakinganarrest,havewithinsuchareaallthepowersofapoliceofficerreferredtoinsection
54andofanofficerinchargeofapolicestationreferredtoinsection55.

(2) A Justice of the Peace making an arrest in exercise of any powers under subsection (1) shall,
forthwith, take or cause to be taken the person arrested before the officer incharge of the nearest police
station and furnish such officer with a report as to the circumstances of the arrest and such officer shall
thereuponrearresttheperson.

(3) A Justice of the Peace for any local area shall have powers, within such area, to call upon any
memberofthepoliceforceondutytoaidhim__

1 Omitted&Subs.byord.12of1972,s.2&Sch.
2 Omitted.byOrd.37of2001,s.11(w.e.f.1482001).
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forsection22,whichhaspreviouslybeenamendedbyvariousenactments.
EnforcedinthePunjabw.e.f201282,see,PunjabGovt.NotificationNo.O.S.D(C)Home11082dated12.12.82.
EnforcedinSindw.e.f.211280,see,SindGovt.NotificationNo.VII(488)S.O.J/79,dated211280,SindGazetteof1980,Ext.,Pt.I,p.945A,section22,clauses(a),(b)and(c)ofsubsection5of
section22andclauses(a)and(b)ofsection22Bhavebeenenforced.
EnforcedinBaluchistanw.e.f1283,seetheBaluchistanGazette,dated6283,Pt.I.p.2.Section22,clauses(a),(b)and(c)ofsubsection5ofsession22Aandclauses(a)and(b)ofsection22B
havebeenenforced.

Page 25 of 319
(a)intakingorpreventingtheescapeofanypersonwhohasparticipatedinthecommissionofany
cognizable offence or against whom a reasonable complaint has been made or credible
informationhasbeenreceivedorareasonablesuspicionexistsofhishavingsoparticipatedand

(b)inthepreventionofcrimeingeneraland,inparticular,inthepreventionofabreachofthepeace
oradisturbanceofthepublictranquillity.

(4)Whereamemberofthepoliceforceondutyhasbeencalledupontorenderaidundersubsection
(3),suchcallshallbedeemedtohavebeenmadebyacompetentauthority.

(5)AJusticeofthePeaceforanylocalareamay,inaccordancewithsuchrulesasmaybemadebythe
ProvincialGovernment,__

(a)issueacertificateastotheidentityofanypersonresidingwithinsucharea,or

(b)verifyanydocumentbroughtbeforehimbyanysuchperson,or

(c)attestanysuchdocumentrequiredbyorunderanylawforthetimebeinginforcetobeattested
byaMagistrate,

and until the contrary is proved, any certificate so issued shall be presumed to be correct and any
documentsoverifiedshallbedeemedtobedulyverified,andanydocumentsoattestedshallbedeemedto
havebeenasfullyattestedasifhehadbeenaMagistrate.

[(6) An exofficio Justice of the Peace may issue appropriate directions to the police authorities
1

concerenedonacomplaintregarding

(i)nonregistrationofacriminalcase

(ii)transferofinvestigationfromonepoliceofficertoanotherand

(iii)neglect,failureorexcesscommitedbyapoliceauthorityinrelationtoitsfunctionsandduties.]

22B. Duties of Justices of the Peace. Subject to such rules as may be made by the Provincial
Government,everyJusticeofthePeaceforanylocalareashall__

(a)onreceiptofinformationoftheoccurrenceofanyincidentinvolvingabreachofthepeace,orof
thecommissionofanyoffencewithinsuchlocalarea,forthwithmakeinquiriesintothematter
andreportinwritingtheresultofhisinquiriestothenearestMagistrateandtoofficerincharge
ofthenearestpolicestation

(b) if the offence referred to in clause (a) is a cognizable offence, also prevent the removal of
anythingfrom,ortheinterferenceinanywaywith,theplaceofoccurrenceoftheoffence

1 Added&subs.byOrd.131of02,s.2.

Page 26 of 319
(c)whensorequuestedinwritingbyapoliceofficermakinganinvestigationunderChapterXIVin
respectofanyoffencecommittedwithinsuchlocalarea,__

(i)renderallassistancetothepoliceofficerinmakingsuchaninvestigation

(ii) record any statement made under expectation of death by a person in respect of whom a
crimeisbelievedtohavebeencommitted.]

23 and 24.[Justices of the Peace for the Presidencytowns. Present Justices of Peace.] Rep. by the
CriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(XIIof1923),s.4.

[25.ExOfficioJusticesofthePeace.Byvirtueoftheirrespectiveoffices,theSessionsJudgesandon
1

nominationbythem,theAdditionalSessionsJudges,areJusticesofthePeacewithinandforwholeofthe
DistrictoftheProvinceinwhichtheyareserving.]

F.__SuspensionandRemoval

26and27.[SuspensionandremovalofJudgesandMagistrates.SuspensionandremovalofJusticesof
thePeace.]Rep.byA.O.1937.

CHAPTERIII
POWERSOFCOURTS

A.DescriptionofoffencescognizablebyeachCourt

28. Offences under Penal Code. Subject to the other provisions of this Code any offence under the
PakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860)maybetried__

(a)bytheHighCourt,or
(b)bytheCourtofSession,or
(c)byanyotherCourtbywhichsuchoffenceisshownintheeighthcolumnoftheSecondSchedule
tobetriable.2[:]

Illustration

Ais3[triedby]theSessionsCourtonachargeofculpablehomicide.Hemaybeconvictedofvoluntarily
causinghurt,anoffencetriablebyaMagistrate.

29.Offencesunderotherlaws.(1)Subjecttothe 4[otherprovisionsofthisCode],anyoffenceunder
anyotherlawshall,whenanyCourtismentionedinthisbehalfinsuchlaw,betriedbysuchCourt.

(2)WhennoCourtissomentioned,itmaybetriedbytheHighCourtor 5[subjectasaforesaid]byany
Court constituted under this Code by which such offence is shown in the eighth column of the second
scheduletobetriable.2[:]

1 Added&subs.byOrd.131of02,s.2.
2 Subs.&Ins.byord.XIIof1972,s.2&Sch.asamendedbyAct.XXIIIof1997,&.3.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forcommittedto.
4 Subs.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(12of1923),s.5,forprovisionsofs.447.
5 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923)s.5.

Page 27 of 319
1[29A. Trial of European British subjects by second and third class Magistrates.] Omitted by the
CriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(IIof1950).

2[29B. Jurisdiction in the cases of Juveniles. Any offence, other than one punishable with death or
imprisonment for life, committed by any person who at the date when he appears or is brought before a
Courtisundertheageoffifteenyears,maybetriedbyanyJudicialMagistratespeciallyempoweredbythe
ProvincialGovernmenttoexercisethepowersconferredbySection8,subsection(1),oftheReformatory
SchoolsAct,1897,or,inanyareainwhichthesaidActisnotapplicable,byanyotherlawprovidingforthe
custody,trialorpunishmentofyouthfuloffenders,byanyMagistrateempoweredbyorundersuchlawto
exercisealloranyofthepowersconferredthereby.]

[30.Offencesnotpunishablewithdeath.NotwithstandinganythingcontainedinSections28and29,
3

theProvincialGovernmentmayinvestanyMagistrateofthefirstclasswithpowertotryasaMagistrateall
offencesnotpunishablewithdeath.]

B.SentenceswhichmaybepassedbyCourtsofvariousClasses.

31. Sentences which High Courts and Sessions Judges may pass.(1) A High Court may pass any
sentencesauthorizedbylaw.

(2) A Sessions Judge or Additional Sessions Judge may pass any sentence authorized by law but any
sentenceofdeathpassedbyanysuchJudgeshallbesubjecttoconfirmationbytheHighCourt.

(3)AnAssistantSessionsJudgemaypassanysentenceauthorisedbylaw,exceptasentenceofdeathor
of4***imprisonmentforatermexceedingsevenyears.

32. Sentences which Magistrates may pass.(1) The Courts of Magistrates may pass the following
sentencesnamely:__

(a)Courts5***of Imprisonmentforatermnotexceeding6[ThreeYears]includingsuch
Magistratesofthefirstclass: solitaryconfinementasisauthorizedbylawFinenotexceeding7[forty
fivethousands]rupees8[arshdaman]whipping.

(b)CourtsofMagistratesof Imprisonmentforatermnotexceeding9[oneyear],includingsuchsolitary
thesecondclass: confinementasisauthorizedbylaw

Finenotexceeding7[fifteenthousands]rupees10***

(c)CourtsofMagistratesof Impresonmentforatermnotexceedingonemonth
thethirdclass.
Finenotexceeding7[threethousand]rupees.

1 S.29Awasins.byAct12of1923,s.6.
2 Subs.&Ins.byord.XIIof1972,s.2&Sch.asamendedbyAct.XXIIIof1997,&.3.
3 Subs.byord.37of2001,s.15(w.e.f14082001).
4 Thewordstransportationforatermexceedingsevenyearsorofrep.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,(w.e.f.13472).
5 ThewordsofPresidencyMagistratesandomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.,
6 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,fortwoyears.
7 Subs.byOrd.85of02,s.3.
8 Ins.byAct,IIof1997,s.11.
9 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forsixmonths.
10 Thewordswhipping(ifspeciallyempowered)rep.bythewhippingAct,1909(4of1909),s.8andSch.

Page 28 of 319
(2)TheCourtofanyMagistratemaypassanylawfulsentence,combininganyofthesentenceswhichit
isauthorizedbylawtopass.
1*******

33. Power of Magistrate to sentence to imprisonment in default of fine.(1) The Court of any
Magistratemayawardsuchtermsofimprisonmentindefaultofpaymentoffineasisauthorizedbylawin
caseofsuchdefault:

Provisoastocertaincases:Providedthat

(a)thetermisnotinexcessoftheMagistratespowersunderthisCode

(b)inanycasedecidedbyaMagistratewhereimprisonmenthas been awarded as part of the substantive sentence, the period of


imprisonmentawardedindefaultofpaymentofthefineshallnotexceedonefourthoftheperiodofimprisonmentwhichsuchM agistrateiscompetenttoinflictaspunishmentfortheoffence
otherwisethanasimprisonmentindefaultofpaymentofthefine.

(2)TheimprisonmentawardedunderthissectionmaybeinadditiontoasubstantivesentenceofimprisonmentforthemaximumtermawardablebytheM agistrateunderSection32.

34. Higher powersofcertain 2***Magistrates.The court of a M agistrate, specially empowered under Section 30, may pass any sentence authorized by law, except a sentence of death or of 3* * *
imprisonmentforatermexceedingsevenyears.

34A.4[SentenceswhichCourtsandMagistratesmaypassuponEuropeanBritishsubjects]OmittedbytheCriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(IIof1950),Sch.

35.S entenceincasesofconvictionofseveraloffencesatonetrial.(1)5[Whenapersonisconvictedatonetrialoftwoormoreoffences,theCourtmay,subjecttotheprovisionsofsection71ofPakistan
PenalCode(XLVof1860)]sentencehim,forsuchoffences,totheseveralpunishmentsprescribedthereforwhichsuchCourtiscompetenttoinflictsuchpunishments,whenconsistingofimprisonment 6***to
commencetheoneaftertheexpirationoftheotherinsuchorderasthecourtmaydirect,unlesstheCourtdirectsthatsuchpunishmentsshallrunconcurrently.

1 Subsection(3),rep.bythewhippingAct,1909(4of1909),s.8andSch.
2 OmmittedbytheOrd.37of2001,s.16(w.e.f14082001).
3 ThewordstransportationforatermexceedingsevenyearsoromittedbytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,(w.e.f.13472).
4 Ins.bytheCriminalLawAmdt.Act,1923(12of1923),s.7.
5 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.7,forWhenapersonisconvictedatonetrialoftwoormoredistinctoffences,theCourtmay.
6 ThewordsortransportationomittedbyAct25of1974,s.2andSch.,(w.e.f.13472).

Page 29 of 319
(2)Inthecaseofconsecutivesentences,itshallnotbenecessaryfortheCourt,byreasononly
oftheaggregatepunishmentfortheseveraloffencesbeinginexcessofthepunishmentwhichitis
competenttoinflictonconvictionofasingleoffence,tosendtheoffenderfortrialbeforeahigher
Court:

Maximumtermsofpunishment:Providedasfollows:

(a) in no case shall such person be sentenced to imprisonment for a longer period than
fourteenyears

(b)ifthecaseistriedbyaMagistrate 1[***],theaggregatepunishmentshallnotexceed
twicetheamountofpunishmentwhichheis,intheexerciseofhisordinaryjurisdiction,
competenttoinflict.

(3) For the purpose of appeal, 2[the aggregate of consecutive] sentences passed under this
section in case of convictions for several offences at one trial shall be deemed to be a single
sentence.
3*******

C.OrdinaryandAdditionalPowers

36. Ordinary Powers of Magistrates. All 1[Magistrates] have the powers hereinafter
respectivelyconferreduponthemandspecifiedinthethirdschedule.Suchpowersarecalledtheir
"ordinarypowers.
4[37.AdditionalpowersconferrableonMagistrates.OntherecommendationsoftheHigh
Court, the Provincial Government may, in addition to the ordinary powers, invest any Magistrate
withanypowersspecifiedintheFourthSchedule.]

38.4***

D.Conferment,ContinuanceandCancellationofPowers

39. Mode of conferring powers.(1) In conferring powers under this Code the 5[Provincial
Government] may by order, empower persons specially by name or in virtue of their office or
classesofofficialsgenerallybytheirofficialtitles.

(2)Everysuchordershalltakeeffectfromthedateonwhichitiscommunicatedtotheperson
soempowered.

1 Omitted&subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2&Sch.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.7,foraggregate.
3 Theexplanationandillustrationtosection35,rep.ibid.
4 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,ss.1719(w.e.f.1482001).
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..

Page 30 of 319
40.Powersofofficersappointed.WheneveranypersonholdinganofficeintheserviceofGovernment
who has been invested with any powers under this Code throughout any local area is 1[appointed] to an
equalorhigherofficeofthesamenature,withinalikelocalareaunderthesame2[ProvincialGovernment],
heshall,unlessthe 2[ProvincialGovernment]otherwisedirects,orhasotherwisedirected, 3***exercise
thesamepowersinthelocalarea4[inwhich]heisso1[appointed].
7[41.WithdrawalofPowers.TheProvincialGovernmentmay,ontherecommendationsoftheHigh
Court,withdrawalloranypowerconferredbyitunderthisCodeonanypersonorMagistrate].

PARTIII

GENERALPROVISIONS

______

CHAPTERIV

OFAIDANDINFORMATIONTOTHEMAGISTRATES,THEPOLICEANDPERSONS
MAKINGARRESTS.

42. Public when to assist Magistrate and Police. Every person is bound to assist a Magistrate
6[,JusticeofthePeace]orpoliceofficerreasonablydemandinghisaid,5***,__

(a) in the taking or preventing the escape of any other person whom such Magistrate or police
officerisauthorizedtoarrest

(b) in the prevention or suppression of a breach of the peace, or in the prevention of any injury
attemptedtobecommittedtoanyrailway,canal,telegraphorpublicproperty.

43. Aid to person other than policeofficer, executing warrant. When a warrant is directed to a
personotherthanapoliceofficer,anyotherpersonmayaidintheexecutionofsuchwarrant,iftheperson
towhomthewarrantisdirectedbenearathandandactingintheexecutionofthewarrant.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.8,fortransferred.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
3 Thewordscontinuetorep.byAct18of1923,s.8.
4 Subs.ibid.,fortowhich.
5 ThewordswhetherwithinorwithoutthepresidencytownsomittedbyA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.(witheffectfromthe2ndMarch,1956).
6 Subs.,addedandins.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.
7 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.20(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 31 of 319
44.Publictogiveinformationofcertainoffences.1[(1)Everypersonawareofthecommissionof,or
oftheintentionofanyotherpersontocommit,anyoffencepunishableunderanyofthefollowingsections
ofthePakistanPenalCode,namely,121,121A,122,123,123A,124,124A,125,126,130,143,144,145,
147,148,153A,161,162,163,164,165,168,170,231,232,255,302,303,304,304A,364A,382,392,
393,394,395,396,397,398,399,402,435,436,449,450,456,457,458,459,460and489A,shall,inthe
absence of reasonable excuse, the burden of proving which shall lie upon the person so aware, forthwith
giveinformationtothenearestMagistrate 7[JusticeofthePeace]orpoliceofficerofsuchcommissionor
intention.]

(2)Forthepurposesofthissectionthetermoffenceincludesanyactcommittedatanyplaceoutof
2[Pakistan]whichwouldconstituteanoffenceifcommittedin2[Pakistan].

45. Villageheadman, accountants, landholders and others bound to report certain matters.__(1)
Every villageheadman, villageaccountant, village watchman, village policeofficer, owner or occupier of
land,andtheagentofanysuchowneroroccupier 3[inchargeofthemanagementofthatland]andevery
officer employed in the collection of revenue or rent of land on the part of 4[the 5[Government]] or the
CourtofWards,shallforthwithcommunicatetothenearestMagistrate 7[orJusticeofthePeace]ortothe
officer incharge of the nearest policestation whichever is the nearer, any information which he may
6[possess]respecting__

(a)thepermanentortemporaryresidenceofanynotoriousreceiverorvendorofstolenpropertyin
any village of which he is headman, accountant, watchman or policeofficer, or in which he
ownsoroccupiesland,orisagent,orcollectsrevenueorrent

(b) the resort to any place within, or the passage through, such village of any person whom he
knows,orreasonablysuspectstobeathug,robber,escapedconvictorproclaimedoffender

(c)thecommissionof,orintentiontocommit,inornearsuchvillageanynonboilableoffenceor
any offence punishable under section 143, 144, 145, 147 or 148 of the Pakistan Penal Code
(XLVof1860)

(d)theoccurrenceinornearsuchvillageofanysuddenorunnaturaldeathorofanydeathunder
suspiciouscircumstances 8[orthediscoveryinornearsuchvillageofanycorpseorpartofa
corpse,incircumstanceswhichleadtoareasonablesuspicionthatsuchadeathhasoccurredor
thedisappearancefromsuchvillageofanypersonincircumstanceswhichleadtoareasonable
suspicionthatanonbailableoffencehasbeencommittedinrespectofsuchperson]

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forsubsection(1),whichwasamendedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederationwhichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
3 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.9.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forGovt..
5 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2,forCrown(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
6 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.9,forobtain.
7 Ins.byOrd.12of1972,s.2&Sch.
8 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.9.

Page 32 of 319
(e)thecommissionof,orintentiontocommit,atanyplaceoutof 1[Pakistan]nearsuchvillageany
act which, if committed in 1[Pakistan], would be an offence punishable under any of the
following sections of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860), namely, 2[231, 232, 233,
234,235,236,237,238,]302,304,382,392,393,394,395,396,397,398,399,402,435,436,
449,450,457,458,459,3[460,489A,489B,489Cand489D]

(f)anymatterlikelytoaffectthemaintenanceoforderorthepreventionofcrimeorthesafetyof
personorpropertyrespectingwhich4[anyofficerauthorisedbytheProvincialGovernment],by
generalorspecialordermadewiththeprevioussanctionofthe 5[ProvincialGovernment],has
directedhimtocommunicateinformation

(2)Inthissection

(i)villageincludesvillagelandsand

(ii) the expression proclaimed offender includes any person proclaimed as an offender by any
Courtorauthorityestablishedorcontinuedbythe 6[FederalGovernment] 7***inanypartof
8[Pakistan],inrespectofanyactwhichifcommittedin 9[Pakistan],wouldbepunishableunder
any of the following sections of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860), namely, 302, 304,
382,392,393,394,395,396,397,398,399,402,435,436,449,450,457,458,459and460.

(3)Appointmentofvillageheadmenincertaincasesforpurposesofthissection.Subjecttorulesin
thisbehalftobemadebythe 10[ProvincialGovernment],the 11[DistrictOfficer(Revenue)]mayfromtime
to time appoint one or more persons 12[with his or their consent] 13[to perform the duties of a village
headmanunderthissectionwhetheravillageheadmanhasorhasnotbeenappointedforthatvillageunder
anyotherlaw].

CHAPTERV
OFARREST,ESCAPEANDRETAKING
A.Arrestgenerally

46.Arresthowmade.(1)Inmakinganarrestthepoliceofficerorotherpersonmakingthesameshall
actuallytouchorconfinethebodyofthepersontobearrested,unlesstherebeasubmissiontothecustody
bywordoraction.

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation.Whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.9.
3 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.9,forand460.
4 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.21(w.e.f.1482001).
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
6 Subs.bytheFederalAdaptationofLawsOrder,1975(P.O.4of1975),Art.2andTable,forCentralGovernmentwhichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1937,forG.G.inC..
7 ThewordsortheCrownRepresentativeomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
8 Subs.ibid.,forIndia.
9 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
10 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
11 Omittedandsubs.byOrd.37of2001,s.21(w.e.f.1482001).
12 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.9.
13 Subs.ibid.,fortobevillageheadmenforthepurposesofthissectioninanyvillageforwhichthereisnosuchheadmanappointedunderanyotherlaw.

Page 33 of 319
(2) Resisting endeavour to arrest. If such person forcibly resists the endeavour to arrest him, or
attemptstoevadethearrest,suchpoliceofficerorotherpersonmayuseallmeansnecessarytoeffectthe
arrest.

(3)Nothinginthissectiongivesarighttocausethedeathofapersonwhoisnotaccusedofanoffence
punishablewithdeathorwith1[imprisonmentforlife].

47.Searchofplaceenteredbypersonsoughttobearrested.Ifanypersonactingunderawarrantof
arrest,oranypoliceofficerhavingauthoritytoarrest,hasreasontobelievethatthepersontobearrested
hasenteredinto,oriswithin,anyplace,thepersonresidingin,orbeinginchargeof,suchplaceshall,on
demandofsuchpersonactingasaforesaidorsuchpoliceofficer,allowhimfreeingressthereto,andafford
allreasonablefacilitiesforasearchtherein.

48.Procedurewhereingressnotobtainable.Ifingresstosuchplacecannotbeobtainedundersection
47itshallbelawfulinanycaseforapersonactingunderawarrantandinanycaseinwhichawarrantmay
issue, but cannot be obtained without affording the person to be arrested an opportunity of escape, for a
policeofficertoentersuchplaceandsearchtherein,andinordertoeffectanentranceintosuchplace,to
break open any outer or inner door or window of any house or place, whether that of the person to be
arrestedorofanyotherperson,ifafternotificationofhisauthorityandpurpose,anddemandofadmittance
dulymade,hecannototherwiseobtainadmittance:

Breakingopenzenana.Providedthat,ifanysuchplaceisanapartmentintheactualoccupancyofa
woman (not being the person to be arrested) who, according to custom, does not appear in public such
person or policeofficer shall, before entering such apartment, give notice to such woman that she is at
libertytowithdrawandshallaffordhereveryreasonablefacilityforwithdrawing,andmaythenbreakopen
theapartmentandenterit.

49.Powertobreakopendoorsandwindowsforpurposesofliberation.Anypoliceofficerorother
person authorized to make an arrest may break open any outer or inner door or window of any house or
place in order to liberate himself or any other person who, having lawfully entered for the purpose of
makinganarrest,isdetainedtherein.

50. No unnecessary restraint. The person arrested shall not be subjected to more restraint than is
necessarytopreventhisescape.

51. Search of arrested persons: Whenever a person is arrested by a policeofficer under a warrant
whichdoesnotprovideforthetakingofbail,orunderawarrantwhichprovidesforthetakingofbailbut
thepersonarrestedcannotfurnishbail,and

whenever a person is arrested without warrant, or by a private person under a warrant, and cannot
legallybeadmittedtobail,orisunabletofurnishbail,

theofficermakingthearrestor,whenthearrestismadebyaprivateperson,thepoliceofficertowhom
hemakesoverthepersonarrested,maysearchsuchperson,andplaceinsafecustodyallarticles,otherthan
necessarywearingapparel,founduponhim.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2and.,Sch.fortransportationforlife(w.e.f13472).

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52.Modeofsearchingwomen.Wheneveritisnecessarytocauseawomantobesearched,thesearch
shallbemadebyanotherwoman,withstrictregardtodecency.

53.Powertoseizeoffensiveweapons.TheofficerorotherpersonmakinganyarrestunderthisCode
maytakefromthepersonarrestedanyoffensiveweaponswhichhehasabouthisperson,andshalldeliver
allweaponssotakentotheCourtorofficerbeforewhichorwhomtheofficerorpersonmakingthearrestis
requiredbythisCodetoproducethepersonarrested.

1["53A.Examinationofpersonaccusedofrape,etc.bymedicalpractitioner.__(1)Whenapersonis
arrestedonachargeofcommittinganoffenceofrapeunnaturaloffenceorsexualabuseoranattemptto
commitrape,unnaturaloffenceorsexualabuseundersection376,section377andsection377Brepectively
and there are reasonable grounds for believing that an examination of the arrested person will afford
evidence as to the commission of such offence, it shall be lawful for a registered medical practitioner
employedinahospitalrunbytheGovernmentorbyalocalauthoritytomakesuchanexaminationofthe
arrestedpersonandtousesuchforceasisreasonablynecessaryforthatpurpose.

(2)Theregisteredmedicalpractionerconductingexaminationundersubsection(1)shall,withoutdelay,
examinesuchpersonandprepareareportofhisexaminationgivingthefollowingparticulars,namely:__

(a)nameandaddressoftheaccusedandofthepersonbywhomhewasbrough

(b)ageoftheaccused

(c)marksofinjury,ifany,onpersonoftheaccused

(d)descriptionofmaterialtakenfrompersonoftheaccusedforDNAprofilingand

(e)othermaterialparticularsinreasonabledetail.

(3)Thereportundersubsection(2)shallstatepreciselythereasonsforeachconclusionarrivedat.

(4) The exact time of commencement and completion of the examination under subsection (1) shall
also be noted in the report under subsection (2). The registered medical practioner shall, without delay,
forward the report to the investigating officer who shall forward it to the Magistrate through public
prosecutorrefferedtoinsection173aspartofthereportreferredtointhatsection.".

1 AddedbyXLIVof2016,s.7.

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B.ArrestwithoutWarrant

54. When police may arrest without warrant.(1) Any policeofficer may, without an order from a
Magistrateandwithoutawarrant,arrest

first, any person who has been concerned in any cognizable offence or against whom a reasonable
complainthasbeenmadeorcredibleinformationhasbeenreceived,orareasonablesuspicionexistsofhis
havingbeensoconcerned

secondly, any person having in his possession without lawful excuse, the burden of proving which
excuseshalllieonsuchperson,anyimplementofhousebreaking

thirdly,anypersonwhohasbeenproclaimedasanoffendereitherunderthisCodeorbyorderofthe
1[ProvincialGovernment]

fourthly,anypersoninwhosepossessionanythingisfoundwhichmayreasonablybesuspectedtobe
stolenproperty 2[and]whomayreasonablybesuspectedofhavingcommittedanoffencewithreferenceto
suchthing

fifthly, any person who obstructs a policeofficer while in the execution of his duty, or who
hasescaped,orattemptstoescape,fromlawfulcustody

sixthly,anypersonreasonablysuspectedofbeingadeserterfrom 3[thearmedforcesofPakistan] 4**


*5***

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.10,foror.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),forHerMajestysArmy,NavyorAirForce,whichhadbeensubs.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1927(10of
1927),s.2andSch.I,forArmyorNavy.
4 Thewordsorfromanyunitof[forceofanAccedingState]declaredundertheExtrarditionAct,1903,tobeaunitdesertionfromwhichisanextraditionoffenceomittedbytheFederalLaws
(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSchedulewhichwereamendedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1944(48of1944),s.2andtheFederal
Laws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.4andThirdSch.,toreadasabove.
5 ThewordsorofbelongingtoHerMajestysIndianMarineServiceandbeingillegallyabsentfromthatservicerep.bytheAmendingAct,1934(35of1934),s.2andSch.

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seventhly, any person who has been concerned in, or against whom a reasonable complaint has been
made or credible information has been received or a reasonable suspicion exists of his having been
concernedin,anyactcommittedatanyplaceoutof 1[Pakistan]which,ifcommittedin 1[Pakistan],would
have been punishable as an offence and for which he is, under any law relating to extradition 2* * *or
otherwise,liabletobeapprehendedordetainedincustodyin1[Pakistan.]3*

eighthly,anyreleasedconvictcommittingabreachofanyrulemadeundersection565,subsection(3)
4[ninthly, any person for whose arrest a requisition has been received from another policeofficer,
providedthattherequisitionspecifiesthepersontobearrestedandtheoffenceorothercauseforwhichthe
arrestistobemadeanditappearstherefromthatthepersonmightlawfullybearrestedwithoutawarrantby
theofficerwhoissuedtherequisition.]
5*******

655.Arrestofvagabonds,habitualrobbers,etc.(1)Anyofficerinchargeofapolicestationmay,in
likemanner,arrestorcausetobearrested

(a) any person found taking precautions to conceal his presence within the limits of such station,
under circumstances which afford reason to believe that he is taking such precautions with a
viewtocommittingacognizableoffenceor

(b)anypersonwithinthelimitsofsuchstationwhohasnotostensiblemeansofsubsistence,orwho
cannotgiveasatisfactoryaccountofhimselfor

(c)anypersonwhoisbyreputeanhabitualrobber,housebreakerorthief,oranhabitualreceiverof
stolen property knowing it to be stolen, or who by repute habitually commits extortion or in
ordertothecommittingofextortionhabituallyputsorattemptstoputpersonsinfearofinjury.

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation.Whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
2 ThewordsorundertheFugitiveOffendersAct,1881,omittedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.
3 Thewordandrep.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1927(10of1927),s.3andSch.II.
4 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendment)Act,1923(18of1923),s.10.
5 Subsection(2)asamendedbytheCityofBombayPoliceAct,1902(Bom.4of1902),s.2(1)andSch.A,omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
6 IntheN.W.F.P.,anypoliceofficermayexercisethepowersconferredbythissectiononapoliceofficerinchargeofapolicestation,seetheN.W.F.P.LawandJusticeRegulation,1901(7of1901),
s.13.

Page 37 of 319

1*******

56. Procedure when police officer deputes subordinate to arrest without warrant.(1)
When any officer in charge of a policestation 2[or any policeofficer making an investigation
underChapterXIV]requiresanyofficersubordinatetohimtoarrestwithoutawarrant(otherwise
thaninhispresence)anypersonwhomaylawfullybearrestedwithoutawarrant,heshalldeliver
totheofficerrequiredtomakethearrestanorderinwriting,specifyingthepersontobearrested
andtheoffenceorothercauseforwhichthearrestistobemade. 2[Theofficersorequiredshall,
before making the arrest, notify to the person to be arrested the substance of the order and, if so
requiredbysuchperson,shallshowhimtheorder.]
1*******

57. Refusal to give name and residence.(1) When any person who in the presence of a
policeofficerhascommittedorhasbeenaccusedofcommittinganoncognizableoffencerefuses,
ondemandofsuchofficer,togivehisnameandresidenceorgivesanameorresidencewhichsuch
officerhasreasontobelievetobefalse,hemaybearrestedbysuchofficerinorderthathisname
orresidencemaybeascertained.

(2) When the true name and residence of such person have been ascertained, he shall be
releasedonhisexecutingabond,withorwithoutsureties,toappearbeforeaMagistrate 3[having
jurisdiction,]ifsorequired:

Providedthat,ifsuchpersonisnotresidentin4[Pakistan],thebondshallbesecuredbyasurety
orsuretiesresidentin4[Pakistan].

(3) Should the true name and residence of such person not be ascertained within twentyfour
hours from the time of arrest or should he fail to execute the bond, or, if so required to furnish
sufficientsureties,heshallforthwithbeforwardedtothenearestMagistratehavingjurisdiction.

1 Subsection(2)asamendedbytheCityofBombayPoliceAct,1902(Bom.4of1902),s.2(1)andSch.A,omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.11.
3 Ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
4 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.

Page 38 of 319
58. Pursuit of offenders into other jurisdictions. A policeofficer may, for the purpose of arresting
without warrant any person whom he is authorized to arrest under this Chapter, pursue such person into
anyplacein1[Pakistan].
3[Explanation.In this section, policeofficer includes a policeofficer acting under this Code as
inforceinAzadJammuandKashmir.].

59.Arrestbyprivatepersonsandprocedureonsucharrest.2[(1)Anyprivatepersonmayarrestany
person who in his view commits a nonbailable and cognizable offence, or any proclaimed offender, and
withoutunnecessarydelay,shallmakeoveranypersonsoarrestedtoapoliceofficer,or,intheabsenceofa
policeofficer,takesuchpersonorcausehimtobetakenincustodytothenearestpolicestation.]

(2) If there is reason to believe that such person comes under the provisions of section 54, a police
officershallrearresthim.

(3)Ifthereisreasontobelievethathehascommittedanoncognizableoffence,andherefusesonthe
demandofapoliceofficertogivehisnameandresidence,orgivesanameorresidencewhichsuchofficer
has reason to believe to be false, he shall be dealt with under the provisions of section 57. If there is no
sufficientreasontobelievethathehascommittedanyoffence,heshallbeatoncereleased.

60.PersonarrestedtobetakenbeforeMagistrateorofficerinchargeofpolicestation.A police
officer making an arrest without warrant shall, without unnecessary delay and subject to the provisions
hereincontainedastobail,takeorsendthepersonarrestedbeforeaMagistratehavingjurisdictioninthe
case,orbeforetheofficerinchargeofapolicestation.

61.Personsarrestednottobedetainedmorethantwentyfourhours.Nopoliceofficershalldetain
incustodyapersonarrestedwithoutwarrantforalongerperiodthanunderallthecircumstancesofthecase
isreasonable,andsuchperiodshallnot,intheabsenceofaspecialorderofaMagistrateundersection167,
exceed twentyfour hours exclusive of the time necessary for the journey from the place of arrest to the
MagistratesCourt.

62. Police to report apprehensions. Officers in charge of Policestation shall report to the 4[Zila
Nazim, District Superintendent of Police and District Public Safety Commission set up under the Police
Act,1861(Vof1861),simultaneously],thecasesofallpersonsarrestedwithoutwarrant,withinthelimits
oftheirrespectivestations,whethersuchpersonshavebeenadmittedtobailorotherwise.5[:]
5[ProvidedthatintheapplicationofthissectiontothedistrictswherethelocalGovernmentelections
havenotbeenheld,ortheZilaNazimhasnotassumedchargeofoffice,anyreferenceinthissectiontothe
ZilaNazimshallbereadasareferencetotheDistrictCoordinationOfficerinrelationtosuchdistricts:

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.12,fortheoriginalsubsection.
3 AddedbytheActVIIIof1993,s.2(w.e.f.201193.SRO1106(1)/93,dated161193).
4 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.22(w.e.f.1482001)
5 Subs.byOrd.43of2001,s.2(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 39 of 319
Provided further that the aforesaid proviso shall cease to have effect, and shall be deemed to
havebeenrepealed,atthetimewhenlocalGovernmentsareinstalledinthedistrictsasaforesaid.]

63.Dischargeofpersonapprehended.Nopersonwhohasbeenarrestedbyapoliceofficer
shallbedischargedexceptonhisownbond,oronbail,orunderthespecialorderofaMagistrate.

64. Offence committed in Magistrates presence. When any offence is committed in the
presence of a Magistrate within the local limits of his jurisdiction, he may himself arrest or order
anypersontoarresttheoffender,andmaythereupon,subjecttotheprovisionshereincontainedas
tobailcommittheoffendertocustody.

65.ArrestbyorinpresenceofMagistrate.AnyMagistratemayatanytimearrestordirect
thearrest,inhispresence,withinthelocallimitsofhisjurisdiction,ofanypersonforwhosearrest
heiscompetentatthetimeandinthecircumstancestoissueawarrant.

66. Power, on escape, to pursue and retake. If a person in lawful custody escapes or is
rescued,thepersonfromwhosecustodyheescapedorwasrescuedmayimmediatelypursueand
arresthiminanyplacein1[Pakistan].

67. Provisions of sections 47, 48 and 49 to apply to arrests under section 66. The
provisions of sections 47, 48 and 49 shall apply to arrests under section 66, although the person
makinganysucharrestisnotactingunderawarrantandisnotapoliceofficerhavingauthorityto
arrest.

___________

CHAPTERVI
OFPROCESSESTOCOMPELAPPEARANCE
A.Summons

68. Form of summons.(1) Every summons issued by a Court under this Code shall be in
writing in duplicate, signed and sealed by the presiding officer of such Court, or by such other
officerastheHighCourtmay,fromtimetotime,byrule,direct.

(2)Summonsbywhomserved.Suchsummonsshallbeservedbyapoliceofficer,orsubject
to such rules as the 1[Provincial Government] may prescribe in this behalf, by an officer of the
Court issuing it or other public servant 2[:] 3[Provided that the Court may, at the request of the
complainantortheaccused,allowhimtoservethesummonsonhisownwitnesses.]

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forfullstop.
4 Provisoaddedibid.

1*******
Page 40 of 319
1*******

69.Summonshowserved.(1)Thesummonsshall,ifpracticable,beservedpersonallyonthe
personsummoned,bydeliveringortenderingtohimoneoftheduplicatesofthesummons.

(2)Signatureofreceiptforsummons.Everypersononwhomasummonistobeservedshall
2***signareceiptthereofonthebackoftheotherduplicate.

(3) Service of a summons on an incorporated company or other body corporate may be


effectedbyservingitonthesecretary,localmanagerorotherprincipalofficerofthecorporationor
byregisteredpostletteraddressedtothechiefofficerofthecorporationin3[Pakistan].Insuchcase
theserviceshallbedeemedtohavebeeneffectedwhentheletterwouldarriveinordinarycourseof
post.

70.Servicewhenpersonsummonedcannotbefound.Wherethepersonsummonedcannot
by the exercise of due diligence be found, the summons may be served by leaving one of the
duplicates for him with some adult male member of his family, 4***,and the person with whom
thesummonsissoleftshall,2***,signareceiptthereforeonthebackoftheotherduplicate.

71.Procedurewhenservicecannotbeeffectedasbeforeprovided.Ifserviceinthemanner
mentioned in sections 69 and 70 cannot by the exercise of due diligence be effected, the serving
officershallaffixoneoftheduplicatesofthesummonstosomeconspicuouspartofthehouseor
homesteadinwhichthepersonsummonedordinarilyresidesandthereuponthesummonsshallbe
deemedtohavebeendulyserved.

72. 5[Service on servant of State [Statutory body or Company].(1) Where the person
summoned is in the active service of the 6[State] or of a 7[8[a]statutory body or a company], the
Court issuing the summons shall ordinarily send it in duplicate to the head of the office in which
such person is employed and such head shall thereupon cause the summons to be served in
manner provided by Section 69, and shall return it to the Court under his signature with the
endorsementrequiredbythatsection.

(2)Suchsignatureshallbeevidenceofdueservice.

1 SubSection(3)omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 ThewordsifsorequiredbytheservingofficeromittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
3 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
4 Thewordsandcommasor,inapresidencytowns,withhisservantresidingwithhimrep.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andIISch.
5 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forServiceonservantofStateorofRailwayCompany.
6 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),forCrownwhichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1937,forGovt.
7 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forRailwayCompany.
8 Sic.aissuperfluous.

Page 41 of 319
73.Serviceofsummonsoutsidelocallimits.WhenaCourtdesiresthatasummonsissuedbyitshallbe
served at any place outside the local limits of its jurisdiction, it shall ordinarily send such summons in
duplicatetoaMagistratewithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthepersonsummonedresidesoris,to
bethereserved.

74. Proof of service in such cases and when serving 1[person] not present.(1) When a summons
issuedbyaCourtisservedoutsidethelocallimitsofitsjurisdiction,andinanycasewherethe 1[person]
who has served a summons is not present at the hearing of the case, an affidavit, purporting to be made
beforeaMagistrate,thatsuchsummonshasbeenserved,andaduplicateofthesummonspurportingtobe
endorsed (in manner provided by section 69 and section 70) by the person to whom it was delivered or
tenderedorwithwhomitwasleft,shallbeadmissibleinevidence,andthestatementsmadethereinshallbe
deemedtobecorrectunlessanduntilthecontraryisproved.

(2) The affidavit mentioned in this section may be attached to the duplicate of the summons and
returnedtotheCourt.

B.WarrantofArrest

75.Formofwarrantofarrest.(1)EveryWarrantofarrestissuedbyaCourtunderthisCodeshallbe
inwriting,signedbythepresidingofficer,orinthecaseofaBenchofMagistrates,byanymemberofsuch
BenchandshallbearthesealoftheCourt.

(2)Continuanceofwarrantofarrest.Everysuchwarrantshallremaininforceuntilitiscancelledby
theCourtwhichissuedit,oruntilitisexecuted.

76.Courtmaydirectsecuritytobetaken.AnyCourtissuingawarrantforthearrestofanyperson
may in its discretion direct by endorsement on the warrant that, if such person execute a bond with
sufficient sureties for his attendance before the court at a specified time and thereafter until otherwise
directedbytheCourt,theofficertowhomthewarrantisdirectedshalltakesuchsecurityandshallrelease
suchpersonfromcustody.

(2)Theendorsementshallstate__

(a)thenumberofsureties

(b) the amount in which they and the person for whose arrest the warrant is issued, are to be
respectivelyboundand

(c)thetimeatwhichheistoattendbeforetheCourt.

(3)Recognizancetobeforwarded.Wheneversecurityistakenunderthissectiontheofficertowhom
thewarrantisdirectedshallforwardthebondtotheCourt.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forofficer.

Page 42 of 319
77. Warrants to whom directed.(1) A warrant of arrest shall ordinarily be directed to one or more
policeofficers, 1***but 2[anyCourt]issuingsuchawarrantmay,ifitsimmediateexecutionisnecessary
andnopoliceofficerisimmediatelyavailable,directittoanyotherpersonorpersonsandsuchpersonor
personsshallexecutethesame.

(2)Warrantstoseveralpersons.Whenawarrantisdirectedtomoreofficersorpersonsthanone,it
maybeexecutedbyall,orbyanyoneormore,ofthem.

78.Warrantmaybedirectedtolandholders,etc.(1)A 5[MagistrateofthefirstClass]maydirecta
warranttoanylandholder,farmerormanageroflandwithinhisdistrictorsubdivisionforthearrestofany
escapedconvict,proclaimedoffenderorpersonwhohasbeenaccusedofanonbailableoffence,andwho
haseludedpursuit.

(2)Suchlandholder,farmerormanagershallacknowledgeinwritingthereceiptofthewarrant,andshall
executeitifthepersonforwhosearrestitwasissued,isin,orenterson,hislandorfarm,ofthelandunder
hischarge.

(3)Whenthepersonagainstwhomsuchwarrantisissuedisarrested,heshallbemadeoverwiththe
warranttothenearestpoliceofficer,whoshallcausehimtobetakenbeforeaMagistratehavingjurisdiction
inthecase,unlesssecurityistakenundersection76.

79.Warrantdirectedtopoliceofficer.Awarrantdirectedtoanypoliceofficermayalsobeexecuted
byanyotherpoliceofficerwhosenameisendorseduponthewarrantbytheofficertowhomitisdirectedor
endorsed.

80. Notification of substance of warrant. The policeofficer or other person executing a warrant of
arrestshallnotifythesubstancethereoftothepersontobearrested,and,ifsorequired,shallshowhimthe
warrant.

81. Person arrested to be brought before Court without delay. The policeofficer or other person
executing a warrant of arrest shall (subject to the provisions of Section 76 as to security) without
unnecessarydelaybringthepersonarrestedbeforetheCourtbeforewhichheisrequiredbylawtoproduce
suchperson.

82.Wherewarrantmaybeexecuted.Awarrantofarrestmaybeexecutedatanyplacein3[Pakistan].
4[Explanation.Inthissection,warrantofarrestincludesawarrantofarrestissuedunderthisCode
asinforceinAzadJammuandKashmir.].

1 Thewordsandcommasand,whenissuedbyaPresidencyMagistrate,shallalwaysbesodirectedomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subsibid.,foranyotherCourt.
3 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
4 AddedbyAct.VIIIof1993,s.3,(w.e.f.201193,SRO1106(1)/93,dated161193).
5 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.23(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 43 of 319
83. Warrant forwarded for execution outside jurisdiction.(1) When a warrant is to be
executedoutsidethelocallimitsofthejurisdictionoftheCourtissuingthesame,suchCourtmay,
insteadofdirectingsuchwarranttoapoliceofficer,forwardthesamebypostorotherwisetoany
MagistrateorDistrictSuperintendentofPolice 1***withinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionit
istobeexecuted.

(2)TheMagistrateorDistrictSuperintendent 2**towhomsuchwarrantissoforwardedshall
endorse his name thereon and, if practicable, cause it to be executed in manner hereinbefore
providedwithinthelocallimitsofhisjurisdiction.

84. Warrant directed to policeofficer for execution outside jurisdiction.(1) When a


warrant directed to a policeofficer is to be executed beyond the local limits of the jurisdiction of
theCourtissuingthesame,heshallordinarilytakeitforendorsementeithertoaMagistrateortoa
policeofficernotbelowtherankofanofficerinchargeofastation,withinthelocallimitsofwhose
jurisdictionthewarrantistobeexecuted.

(2) Such Magistrate or policeofficer shall endorse his name thereon and such endorsement
shall be sufficient authority to the policeofficer to whom the warrant is directed to execute the
same within such limits, and the local police shall, if so required, assist such officer in executing
suchwarrant.

(3)Wheneverthereisreasontobelievethatthedelayoccasionedbyobtainingtheendorsement
oftheMagistrateorpoliceofficerwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthewarrantistobe
executed, will prevent such execution, the policeofficer to whom it is directed may execute the
samewithoutsuchendorsementinanyplacebeyondthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionoftheCourt
whichissuedit.
3*******

85. Procedure on arrest of person against to whom warrant issued. When a warrant of
arrest is executed outside the district in which it was issued, the person arrested shall, unless the
Court which issued the warrant is within twenty miles of the place of arrest or is nearer than the
Magistrate or District Superintendent of Police 1* * * within the local limits of whose jurisdiction
thearrestwasmade,orunlesssecurityistakenunderSection76,betakenbeforesuchMagistrate
2**orDistrictSuperintendent.

1 ThewordsortheCommissionerofPoliceinaPresidencytownomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 ThewordorCommissioneromittedibid.
3 Theoriginalsubsection(4)asamendedbytheCityofBombayPoliceAct,1902(Bom.4of1902),s.2(1)andSch.A,omitted,ibid.

Page 44 of 319
86. Procedure by Magistrate before whom person arrested is brought.(1) Such Magistrate or
District Superintendent 1* * shall, if the person arrested appears to be the person intended by the Court
whichissuedthewarrant,directhisremovalincustodytosuchCourt:

Provided that, if the offence is bailable, and such person is ready and willing to give bail to the
satisfactionofsuchMagistrate,DistrictSuperintendent1**,oradirectionhasbeenendorsedundersection
76onthewarrantandsuchpersonisreadyandwillingtogivethesecurityrequiredbysuchdirection,the
Magistrate,DistrictSuperintendent1**shalltakesuchbailorsecurity,asthecasemaybe,andforwardthe
bondtotheCourtwhichissuedthewarrant[:]2
3[Providedfurtherthat,iftheoffenceisnotbailableornodirectionhasbeenendorsedundersection76
onthewarrant,theSessionsJudgeoftheSessionsdivisioninwhichthepersonisarrestedmay,subjectto
theprovisionsofsection497andforsufficientreasons,releasethepersononaninterimbailonsuchbond
or security as the Sessions Judge thinks fit and direct the person to appear by a specified date before the
CourtwhichissuedthewarrantandforwardthebondtothatCourt.]

(2)Nothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtopreventapoliceofficerfromtakingsecurityundersection
76.
4[86A.ProcedureforremovalincustodytoTribalArea.Whereapersonarrestedundersection85is

toberemovedincustodytoanyplaceintheTribalAreas,heshallbeproducedbeforeaMagistratewithin
thelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthearrestwasmade,andsuchMagistrateindirectingtheremovalshall
hearthecaseinthesamemannerandhavethesamejurisdictionandpowers,asnearlyasmaybe,including
the power to order the production of evidence, as if the person arrested were charged with an offence
committed within the jurisdiction of such Magistrate and such Magistrate shall direct the removal of the
arrestedpersonincustodyifheissatisfiedthattheevidenceproducedbeforehimraisesastrongorprobable
presumptionthatthepersonarrestedcommittedtheoffencementionedinthewarrant.]

C.ProclamationandAttachment

87.Proclamationforpersonabsconding.(1)IfanyCourt5[issatisfiedaftertakingevidence]thatany
personagainstwhomawarranthasbeenissuedbyithasabscondedorisconcealinghimselfsothatsuch
warrant cannot be executed, such Court may publish a written proclamation requiring him to appear at a
specified place and at a specified time not less than thirty days from the date of publishing such
proclamation.

(2)Theproclamationshallbepublishedasfollows:

1 ThewordsorCommissioneromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forfullstop.
3 Provisoaddedibid.
4 Ins.ibid.
5 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forhasreasontobelieve(whetheraftertakingevidenceornot).

Page 45 of 319
(a)itshallbepubliclyreadinsomeconspicuousplaceofthetownorvillageinwhichsuchperson
ordinarilyresides

(b)it shall be affixed to some conspicuous part of the house or homestead in which such person
ordinarilyresidesortosomeconspicuousplaceofsuchtownorvillageand

(c)acopythereofshallbeaffixedtosomeconspicuouspartoftheCourthouse.

(3)AstatementinwritingbytheCourtissuingtheproclamationtotheeffectthattheproclamationwas
duly published on a specified day shall be conclusive evidence that the requirements of this section have
beencompliedwith,andthattheproclamationwaspublishedonsuchday.

88.Attachmentofpropertyofpersonabsconding.(1)TheCourtissuingaproclamationundersection
87mayatanytimeordertheattachmentofanyproperty,movableorimmovable,orboth,belongingtothe
proclaimedperson.

(2) Such order shall authorize the attachment of any property belonging to such person within the
districtinwhichitismadeanditshallauthorizetheattachmentofanypropertybelongingtosuchperson
withoutsuchdistrictwhenendorsedbythe 2[SessionsJudge] 1***withinwhosedistrictsuchpropertyis
situate.

(3)Ifthepropertyorderedtobeattachedisadebtorothermovableproperty,theattachmentunderthis
sectionshallbemade

(a)byseizureor

(b)bytheappointmentofareceiveror

(c)byanorderinwritingprohibitingthedeliveryofsuchpropertytotheproclaimedpersonorto
anyoneonhisbehalfor

(d)byalloranytwoofsuchmethods,astheCourtthinksfit.

(4)Ifthepropertyorderedtobeattachedisimmovable,theattachmentunderthissectionshall,inthe
case of land paying revenue to 3[the Provincial Government], be made through the 2[District Officer
(Revenue)]inwhichthelandissituate,andinallothercases__

(e)bytakingpossessionor

(f)bytheappointmentofareceiveror

(g)byanorderinwritingprohibitingthepaymentofrentordeliveryofpropertytotheproclaimed
personortoanyoneonhisbehalfor

(h)byalloranytwoofsuchmethods,astheCourtthinksfit.

1 ThewordsorChiefPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.24(w.e..f.1482001).
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937forGovt..

Page 46 of 319
(5)Ifthepropertyorderedtobeattachedconsistsoflivestockorisofaperishablenature,theCourt
may, if it thinks expedient, order immediate sale thereof, and in such case the proceeds of the sale shall
abidetheorderoftheCourt.

(6)Thepowers,dutiesandliabilitiesofareceiverappointedunderthissectionshallbethesameasthose
ofareceiverappointedunder1[OrderXLoftheCodeofCivilProcedure,1908(ActVof1908)].
2[(6A)Ifanyclaimispreferredto,orobjectionmadetotheattachmentof,anypropertyattachedunder
thissectionwithinsixmonthsfromthedateofsuchattachment,byanypersonotherthantheproclaimed
person,onthegroundthattheclaimantorobjectorhasaninterestinsuchproperty,andthatsuchinterestis
notliabletoattachmentunderthissection,theclaimorobjectionshallbeinquiredinto,andmaybeallowed
ordisallowedinwholeorinpart:

Providedthatanyclaimpreferredorobjectionmadewithintheperiodallowedbythissubsectionmay,
intheeventofthedeathoftheclaimantorobjector,becontinuedbyhislegalrepresentative.

(6B)Claimsorobjectionsundersubsection(6A)maybepreferredormadeintheCourtbywhichthe
orderofattachmentisissuedor,iftheclaimorobjectionisinrespectofpropertyattachedunderanorder
endorsedbya 3[SessionsJudge] 4***inaccordancewiththeprovisionsofsubsection(2),intheCourtof
suchMagistrate.

(6C) Every such claim or objection shall be inquired into by the Court 3[or Magistrate] in which it is
preferredormade3[.]
3***

(6D)Anypersonwhoseclaimorobjectionhasbeendisallowedinwholeorinpartbyanorderunder
subsection(6A)may,withinaperiodofoneyearfromthedateofsuchorder,instituteasuittoestablishthe
rightwhichheclaimsinrespectofthepropertyindisputebutsubjecttotheresultofsuchsuit,ifany,the
ordershallbeconclusive.

(6E) If the proclaimed person appears within the time specified in the proclamation, the Court shall
makeanorderreleasingthepropertyfromtheattachment.]

(7)Iftheproclaimedpersondoesnotappearwithinthetimespecifiedintheproclamation,theproperty
underattachmentshallbeatthedisposalof 5[theProvincialGovernment],butitshallnotbesolduntilthe
expirationofsixmonthsfromthedateoftheattachment 6[anduntilanyclaimpreferredorobjectionmade
under subsection (6A) has been disposed of under that subsection], unless if is subject to speedy and
naturaldecay,ortheCourtconsidersthatthesalewouldbeforthebenefitoftheowner,ineitherofwhich
casestheCourtmaycauseittobesoldwheneveritthinksfit.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forChapterXXXVIoftheCodeofCivilProcedure.
2 Subsection(6A)to(6E)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.13.
3 Subs.,Ins.andOmittedbyOrd.37of2001,s.24(w.e.f.1482001).
4 ThewordsorChiefPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forGovt..
6 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.13.

Page 47 of 319
89. Restoration of attached property. If,within two years from the date of the attachment,
any person whose property is or has been at the disposal of 1[the Provincial Government], under
subsection(7)ofsection88,appearsvoluntarilyorisapprehendedandbroughtbeforetheCourt
by whose order the property was attached, or the Court to which such Court is subordinate, and
provestothesatisfactionofsuchCourtthathedidnotabscondorconcealhimselfforthepurpose
of avoiding execution of the warrant, and that he had not such notice of the proclamation as to
enablehimtoattendwithinthetimespecifiedtherein,suchproperty,or,ifthesamehasbeensold,
thenettproceedsofthesale,or,ifpartonlythereofhasbeensold,thenettproceedsofthesaleand
theresidueoftheproperty,shall,aftersatisfyingthereoutallcostsincurredinconsequenceofthe
attachment,bedeliveredtohim.

D.OtherRulesregardingProcesses

90. Issue of warrant in lieu of, or in addition to summons. A Court may, in any case in
whichitisempoweredbythisCodetoissueasummonsfortheappearanceofanyperson 2***
issue,afterrecordingitsreasonsinwriting,awarrantforhisarrest

(a)if,eitherbeforetheissueofsuchsummons,oraftertheissueofthesamebutbeforethe
timefixedforhisappearance,theCourtseesreasonstobelievethathehasabscondedor
willnotobeythesummonsor

(b)ifatsuchtimehefailstoappearandthesummonsisprovedtohavebeendulyservedin
time to admit of his appearing in accordance therewith and no reasonable excuse is
offeredforsuchfailure.

91.Powertotakebondforappearance.Whenanypersonforwhoseappearanceorarrestthe
officer presiding in any Court is empowered to issue a summons or warrant, is present in such
Court, such officer may require such person to execute a bond, with or without sureties, for his
appearanceinsuchCourt.

92.Arrestbybreachofbondforappearance.Whenanypersonwhoisboundbyanybond
taken under this Code to appear before a Court, does not so appear, the officer presiding in such
Courtmayissueawarrantdirectingthatsuchpersonbearrestedandproducedbeforehim.

93.ProvisionsofthisChaptergenerallyapplicabletosummonsesandwarrantsofarrest.

The provisions contained in this Chapter relating to a summons and warrant, and their issue,
serviceandexecution,shall,sofarasmaybe,applytoeverysummonsandeverywarrantofarrest
issuedunderthisCode.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forGovt..
2 ThewordsotherthanajurororassessoromittedbytheLawReformOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.

Page 48 of 319
1[E.SpecialRulesregardingprocessesissuedforserviceorexecutionoutside 2[Pakistan]

andprocessesreceivedfromoutside2[Pakistan]forserviceorexecutionwithin2[Pakistan].
193A.SendingofsummonsforserviceoutsidePakistan.(1)WhereaCourtin 2[Pakistan]
desires that a summons issued by it to an accused person shall be served at any place outside
2[Pakistan] within the local limits of the jurisdiction of a Court established or continued by the

authority of the 3[Federal Government] 4[in exercise of its foreign jurisdiction], it shall send such
summons,induplicate,bypostorotherwise,tothepresidingofficerofthatCourttobeserved.

(2)Theprovisionsofsection74shallapplyinthecaseofasummonssentforserviceunderthis
sectionasifthepresidingofficeroftheCourttowhomitwassentwereaMagistratein2[Pakistan].
193B.
Sending of warrants for execution outside Pakistan. Notwithstanding anything
contained in section 82, where a Court in 2[Pakistan] desires that a warrant issued by it for the
arrestofanaccusedpersonshallbeexecutedatanyplaceoutside2[Pakistan]withinthelocallimits
ofthejurisdictionofaCourtestablishedorcontinuedbytheauthorityofthe3[FederalGovernment]
4[in exercise of its foreign jurisdiction], it may send such warrant, by post or otherwise, to the
presidingofficerofthatCourttobeexecuted.
193C.ServiceandexecutioninPakistanofprocessesreceivedfromoutsidePakistan.(1)
WhereaCourthasreceivedforserviceorexecutionasummonsto,orawarrantforthearrestof,
an accused person issued by a Court established or continued by the authority of the 3[Federal
Government]4[inexerciseofitsforeignjurisdiction],outside 2[Pakistan],itshallcausethesameto
beservedorexecutedasifitwereasummonsorwarrantreceivedbyitfromaCourtin2[Pakistan]
forserviceorexecutionwithinthelocallimitsofitsjurisdiction.

(2) Where any warrant of arrest has been so executed the person arrested shall so far as
possiblebedealtwithinaccordancewiththeprocedureprescribedbysections85and86.]

1 HeadingEandsections93Ato93Cins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendment)Act,1941(14of1941)s.2.
2 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
3 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andTable,forCentralGovernment.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),forinanypartofPakistanwhichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,forortheCrownRepresentativeinanypartof
India.

Page 49 of 319
CHAPTERVII

OFPROCESSESTOCOMPELTHEPRODUCTIONOFDOCUMENTSANDOTHERMOVABLE
PROPERTY,ANDFORTHEDISCOVERYOFPERSONSWRONGFULLYCONFINED.

A.__Summonstoproduce

94.Summonstoproducedocumentorotherthing.(1)WheneveranyCourt,or 1***,anyofficerin
charge of a policestation considers that the production of any document or other thing is necessary or
desirable for the purposes of any investigation, inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code by or
beforesuchCourtorofficer,suchCourtmayissueasummons,orsuchofficerawrittenorder,totheperson
inwhosepossessionorpowersuchdocumentorthingisbelievedtobe,requiringhimtoattendandproduce
it,ortoproduceit,atthetimeandplacestatedinthesummonsororder[:]2
3[Providedthatnosuchofficershallissueanysuchorderrequiringtheproductionofanydocumentor
otherthingwhichisinthecustodyofabankorbankerasdefinedintheBanker'sBooksEvidenceAct,1891
(XVIII of 1891), and relates, or might disclose any information which relates to the bank account of any
personexcept,__

(a)forthepurposeofinvestigatinganoffenceundersections403,406,408and409andsections421to
424(bothinclusive)andsections465to477A(bothinclusive)ofthePakistanPenalCode,with
thepriorpermissioninwritingofaSessionsJudgeand

(b)inothercases,withthepriorpermissioninwritingoftheHighCourt.]

(2)Anypersonrequiredunderthissectionmerelytoproduceadocumentorotherthingshallbedeemed
to have complied with the requisition if he causes such document or thing to be produced instead of
attendingpersonallytoproducethesame.

(3)NothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoaffecttheEvidenceAct,1872(Iof1872),sections123
and124,ortoapplytoaletter,postcard,telegramorotherdocumentoranyparcelorthinginthecustodyof
thePostalorTelegraphauthorities.

95.Procedureastolettersandtelegrams.(1)Ifanydocument,parcelorthinginsuchcustodyis,in
theopinionofany 5***Magistrate, 4***HighCourtorCourtofSession,wantedforthepurposeofany
investigation,inquiry,trialorotherproceedingunderthisCode,suchMagistrateorCourtmayrequirethe
PostalorTelegraphauthorities,asthecasemaybe,todeliversuchdocument,parcelorthingtosuchperson
assuchMagistrateorCourtdirects.

1 ThewordsinanyplacebeyondthelimitsofthetownsofCalcuttaandBombayomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1968(3of1968)s.2,forfullstop(w.e.f.21568).
3 Provisoaddedibid.
4 ThewordsChiefPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,s.25(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 50 of 319
(2) If any such document, parcel or thing is, in the opinion of any other Magistrate, 1* * *or District
SuperintendentofPolice,wantedforanysuchpurpose,hemayrequirethePostalorTelegraphDepartment,
asthecasemaybe,tocausesearchtobemadeforandtodetainsuchdocument,parcelorthingpendingthe
ordersofanysuch2***Court.

B.Searchwarrants

96.Whensearchwarrantmaybeissued.(1)WhereanyCourthasreasontobelievethatapersonto
whomasummonsororderundersection94orarequisitionundersection95,subsection(1),hasbeenor
mightbeaddressed,willnotorwouldnotproducethedocumentorthingasrequiredbysuchsummonsor
requisition,

orwheresuchdocumentorthingisnotknowntotheCourttobeinthepossessionofanyperson,

orwheretheCourtconsidersthatthepurposesofanyinquiry,trialorotherproceedingsunderthisCode
willbeservedbyageneralsearchorinspection,

itmayissueasearchwarrantandthepersontowhomsuchwarrantisdirected,maysearchorinspectin
accordancetherewithandtheprovisionhereinaftercontained.
2***

97.Powertorestrictwarrant.TheCourtmay,ifitthinksfit,specifyinthewarranttheparticularplace
or part thereof to which only the search or inspection shall extend and the person charged with the
executionofsuchwarrantshallthensearchorinspectonlytheplaceorpartsospecified.

98. Search of house suspected to contain stolen property, forged documents, etc.(1)Ifa[2* * *]
Magistrateofthefirstclass,uponinformationandaftersuchinquiryashethinksnecessary,hasreasonto
believethatanyplaceisusedforthedepositorsaleofstolenproperty,

orforthedepositorsaleormanufactureofforgeddocuments,falsesealsorcounterfeitstamps 3[bank
notes, currency notes or coins or instruments or materials for counterfeiting coin, stamps, bank notes or
currencynotes]orforforging,

orthatanyforgeddocuments,falsesealsorcounterfeitstamps 3[banknotes,currencynotesorcoinsor
instruments or materials for counterfeiting coin, stamps, bank notes or currency notes] or for forging, are
keptordepositedinanyplace,
4[or5***forthedeposit,sale,manufactureorproductionofanyobsceneobjectsuchasisreferredto
in section 292 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860) or that any such obscene objects are kept or
depositedinanyplace]

1 ThewordsorofanyCommissionerofPoliceomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Omitted.byOrd.37of2001,ss.2527(w.e.f.1482001).
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2.andSch.,fororcoin,orinstrumentsormaterialsforcounterfeitingcoinorstamps.
4 Ins.bytheObscenePublicationsAct,1925(8of1925),s.3.
5 Thecommasandwords,ifaDistrictMagistrate,[oraSubdivisionalMagistrate],uponinformationandaftersuchinquiryashethinksnecessary,hasreasontobelievethatanyplaceisused
omittedbyOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.Thewordsincrotchesweresubs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,forSubdivisionalMagistrateoraPresidencyMagistrate.

Page 51 of 319
hemaybyhiswarrantauthorizeanypoliceofficerabovetherankofaconstable

(a)toenter,withsuchassistanceasmayberequired,suchplace,and

(b)tosearchthesameinmannerspecifiedinthewarrant,and

(c)totake possessionofanyproperty,document,seals, stamps 1[,banknotes,currencynotes]or


coinsthereinfoundwhichhereasonablysuspectstobestolen,unlawfullyobtained,forged,false
orcounterfeit,andalsoofanysuchinstrumentsandmaterial 2[orofanysuchobsceneobjects]
asaforesaid,and

(d) to convey such property, documents, seals, stamps, 1[bank notes, currency notes,] coins,
instrumentsormaterials2[orsuchobsceneobjects]beforeaMagistrate,ortoguardthesameon
thespotuntiltheoffenderistakenbeforeaMagistrate,orotherwisetodisposethereofinsome
placeofsafety,and

(e)totakeintocustodyandcarrybeforeaMagistrateeverypersonfoundinsuchplacewhoappears
to have been privy to the deposit, sale or manufacture or keeping of any such property,
documents, seals, stamps, 3[bank notes, currency notes,] coins, instruments or materials 4[or
suchobsceneobjects]knowingorhavingreasonablecausetosuspectthesaidpropertytohave
been stolen or otherwise unlawfully obtained, or the said documents, seals, stamps, coins,
instrumentsormaterialstohavebeenforged,falsifiedorcounterfeited,orthesaidinstruments
ormaterialstohavebeenortobeintendedtobeusedforcounterfeitingcoin 5[,stamps,bank
notes or currency notes] or for forging 3[or the said obscene objects to have been or to be
intendedtobesold,lettohire,distributed,publiclyexhibited,circulated,importedorexported].

(2)Theprovisionsofthissectionwithrespectto__

(a)counterfeitcoin,

(b)coinsuspectedtobecounterfeit,and

(c) instruments or materials for counterfeiting coin, shall, so far as they can be made applicable,
applyrespectivelyto__

(a) pieces of metal made in contravention of the Metal Tokens Act,1889 (I of 1889) , or
brought into 6[Pakistan] in contravention of any notification for the time being in force
under7[Section16oftheCustomsAct,1969(IVof1969)],

1 Ins.byOrd.12of1972,s.2.andSch.
2 Ins.bytheObscenePublicationsAct,1925(8of1925),s.3.
3 Ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
4 Ins.bytheObscenePublicationsAct,1925(8of1925),s.3.
5 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,fororstamps.
6 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederationwhichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
7 Subs.bytheLawReformOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.forsection19oftheSeaCustomsAct,1878.

Page 52 of 319
(b) pieces of metal suspected to have been so made or to have been so brought into
1[Pakistan] or to be intended to be issued in contravention of the former of those
Acts,and

(c)instrumentsormaterialsformakingpiecesofmetalincontraventionofthatAct.

99. Disposal of things found in search beyond jurisdiction. When, in the execution of a
searchwarrantatanyplacebeyondthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionoftheCourtwhichissuedthe
same,anyofthethingsforwhichsearchismade,arefound,suchthings,togetherwiththelistof
thesamepreparedundertheprovisionshereinaftercontained,shallbeimmediatelytakenbeforethe
Court issuing the warrant, unless such place is nearer to the Magistrate having jurisdiction therein
than to such Court, in which case the list and things shall be immediately taken before such
Magistrate and, unless there be good cause to the contrary, such Magistrate shall make an order
authorizingthemtobetakentosuchCourt.
2[99A. Power to declare certain publications forfeited and to issue searchwarrants for

thesame.__(1)Where__

(a) any newspaper, or book as defined in the 3[West Pakistan Press and Publications
Ordinance, 1963(W.P.Ord. XXX of 1963), or any other law relating to press and
publicationsforthetimebeinginforce,]or

(b)anydocument,

wherever printed, appears to the 4[Provincial Government] to contain any 5[treasonable or]
seditiousmatter 6[oranymatterwhichisprejudicialtonationalintegration] 7[oranymatterwhich
promotesorisintendedtopromotefeelingsofenmityorhatredbetweendifferentclassesof 8[the
citizens of Pakistan]]. 9[or which is deliberately and maliciously intended to outrage the religious
feelings of any such class by insulting the religion or the religious beliefs of that class], 10[or any
matterofthenaturereferredtoinclause(jj)ofsubsection(1)ofsection24oftheWestPakistan
PressandPublicationsOrdinance,1963,(W.P.XXXof1963)]thatistosay,

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14thOctober,1955),for"theProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation"which
hadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,for"BrithishIndia".
2 Ss.99Ato99Gins.bythePressLawRepealandAmendmentAct,1922(14of1922),s.5andSch.III.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch,forPressandRegistrationofBooksAct,1867.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
5 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1951(19of1951),s.2.
6 Ins.bytheCriminalLaw(Amdt.)Act,1973(6of1973),s.3(w.e.f.31173).
7 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(ThirdAmdt.)Act,1926(36of1926),s.2.
8 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forHisMajestyssubjects(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
9 Ins.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1927(25of1927),s.3.
10 Ins.bytheAntiIslamicActivitiesoftheQudianiGroup,LahoriGroupandAhmadis(ProhibitionandPunishment)Ordinance,1984(20of1984),s.4.

Page 53 of 319
any matter the publication of which is punishable under 1[section 123A or] section 124A 2[or
section 153A] 3[or section 295A] 4[or section 298A or section 298B or section 298C] of the
Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860), the 5[Provincial Government] may, by notification in the
6[official Gazette], stating the grounds of its opinion, declare every copy of the issue of the
newspapercontainingsuchmatter,andeverycopyofsuchbookorotherdocumenttobeforfeited
to 7[Government] ,and thereupon any policeofficer may seize the same wherever found in
8[Pakistan]andanyMagistratemaybywarrantauthorizeanypoliceofficernotbelowtherankof
subinspectortoenteruponandsearchforthesameinanypremiseswhereanycopyofsuchissue
oranysuchbookorotherdocumentmaybeormaybereasonablysuspectedtobe.

(2)Insubsection(1)documentincludesalsoanypainting,drawingorphotograph,orother
visiblerepresentation.

99B.ApplicationtoHighCourttosetasideorderofforfeiture.__9[(1)]Anypersonhaving
anyinterestinanynewspaper,bookorotherdocument,inrespectofwhichanorderofforfeiture
hasbeenmadeundersection99A, 10[oranyotherlawforthetimebeinginforce]may,withintwo
monthsfromthedateofsuchorder,applytotheHighCourttosetasidesuchorderontheground
thattheissueofthenewspaper,orthebookorotherdocument,inrespectofwhichtheorderwas
made, did not contain any 11[treasonable or] 12[seditious or other matter of such a nature as is
referredtoinsubsection(1)ofsection99A].
13[(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall apply to a case where the order of forfeiture has been
made__

(a)inrespectofanewspaper,bookorotherdocumentprintedoutsidePakistanor

(b)inrespectofanewspaper,bookorotherdocumentontheconviction,inrespectofsuch
newspaper, book or other document, of the author or editor thereof for any of the
offencesreferredtoinsubsection(1)ofsection99A.]

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1951(19of1951),s.2.
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(ThirdAmdt.)Act,1926(36of1926),s.2.
3 Ins.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1927(25of1927),s.r.
4 Ins.bytheAntiIslamicActivitiesoftheQudianiGroup,LahoriGroupandAhmadis(ProhibitionandPunishment)Ordinance,1984(20of1984),s.4.
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
6 Subs.ibid.,forlocalofficialGazette.
7 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2,forHisMajesty(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
8 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederationwhichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
9 Section99Brenumberedassubsection(1)ofthatsectionbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
10 Ins.ibid.
11 Ins.byAct19of1951,s.3.
12 Subs.byAct36of1926,s.3,forseditiousmatter.
13 Subssection(2)addedbyOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.

Page 54 of 319
99C.[HearingbySpecialBench.]OmittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(XIIof1972),s.2and
Sch.

99D. Order of High Court setting aside forfeiture.__(1) On receipt of the application, the 1[High
Court]shall,ifitisnotsatisfiedthattheissueofthenewspaper,orthebookorotherdocument,inrespectof
which the application has been made, contained 2[treasonable or] 3[seditious or other matter of such a
natureasis]referredtoinsubsection(1)ofsection99A,setasidetheorderofforfeiture.
4*******

99E.Evidencetoprovenatureortendencyofnewspapers.On the hearing of any such application


withreferencetoanynewspaper,anycopyofsuchnewspapermaybegiveninevidenceinaidoftheproof
ofthenatureortendencyofthewords,signsorvisiblerepresentationscontainedinsuchnewspaper, 5[in
respectofwhichtheorderofforfeiturewasmade].

99F.ProcedureinHighCourt.EveryHighCourtshall,assoonasconvenientlymaybe,framerulesto
regulatetheprocedureinthecaseofsuchapplications,theamountofthecoststhereofandtheexecutionof
orderspassedthereon,anduntilsuchrulesareframed,thepracticeofsuchCourtsinproceedingsotherthan
suitsandappealsshallapply,sofarasmaybepracticable,tosuchapplications.

99G. Jurisdiction barred. No order passed or action taken under section 99A shall be called in
questioninanyCourtotherwisethaninaccordancewiththeprovisionsofsection99B.]

C.Discoveryofpersonswrongfullyconfined

100. Search for persons wrongfully confined. If any 6* *, Magistrate of the first class 8[* * *] has
reasontobelievethatanypersonisconfinedundersuchcircumstancesthattheconfinementamountstoan
offence,hemayissueasearchwarrant,andthepersontowhomsuchwarrantisdirectedmaysearchforthe
personsoconfinedandsuchsearchshallbemadeinaccordancetherewith,andtheperson,iffound,shall
beimmediatelytakenbeforeaMagistrate,whoshallmakesuchorderasinthecircumstancesofthecase
seemsproper.

D.__GeneralProvisionsrelatingtoSearches

101.Direction,etc.,ofsearchwarrants.Theprovisionsofsections43,75,77,79,82,83and84shall,
sofarasmaybe,apply,toallsearchwarrantsissuedundersection96,section98,7[section99A]orsection
100.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forSpecialBench.
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1951(19of1951),s.3.
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(ThirdAmdt.)Act,1926(36of1926)s.4,forseditiousmatterofthenature.
4 Subsection(2)omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
5 Subs.byAct36of1926,s.5,forwhichareallegedtobeseditiousmatter.
6 ThewordsPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
7 Ins.bythePressLawRepealandAmendmentAct,1922(14of1922),s.5andSch.III.
8 Omitted.byOrd.37of2001,s.28(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 55 of 319
102. Persons in charge of closed place to allow search.__(1) Whenever any place liable to
searchorinspectionunderthischapterisclosed,anypersonresidingin,orbeinginchargeofsuch
placeshall,ondemandoftheofficerorotherpersonexecutingthewarrant,andonproductionof
thewarrant,allowhimfreeingressthereto,andaffordallreasonablefacilitiesforasearchtherein.

(2) If ingress into such place cannot be so obtained, the officer or other person executing the
warrantmayproceedinmannerprovidedbysection48.

(3) Where any person in or about such place is reasonably suspected of concealing about his
personanyarticleforwhichsearchshouldbemade,suchpersonmaybesearched.Ifsuchperson
isawoman,thedirectionsofsection52shallbeobserved.

103. Search to be made in presence of witnesses.__(1) Before making a search under this
Chapter, the officer or other person about to make it shall call upon two or more respectable
inhabitants of the locality in which the place to be searched is situate to attend and witness the
search1[andmayissueanorderinwritingtothemoranyofthemsotodo].

(2) The search shall be made in their presence, and a list of all things seized in the course of
suchsearchandoftheplacesinwhichtheyarerespectivelyfoundshallbepreparedbysuchofficer
orotherpersonandsignedbysuchwitnessesbutnopersonwitnessingasearchunderthissection
shallberequiredtoattendtheCourtasawitnessofthesearchunlessspeciallysummonedbyit.

(3) Occupant of place searched may attend. The occupant of the place searched, or some
personinhisbehalf,shall,ineveryinstance,bepermittedtoattendduringthesearch,andacopyof
thelistpreparedunderthissection,signedbythesaidwitnesses,shallbedeliveredtosuchoccupant
orpersonathisrequest.

(4) When any person is searched under section 102, subsection (3), a list of all things taken
possessionofshallbeprepared,andacopythereofshallbedeliveredtosuchpersonathisrequest.
2[(5) Any person who, without reasonable cause, refuses or neglects to attend and witness a
searchunderthissection,whencalledupontodosobyanorderinwritingdeliveredortenderedto
him,shallbedeemedtohavecommittedanoffenceundersection187ofthePakistanPenalCode
(XLVof1860).]

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.14.
2 Subsection(5)ins.ibid.

Page 56 of 319
E.Miscellaneous

104. Power to impound document, etc., produced. Any Court may, if it thinks fit, impound any
documentorthingproducedbeforeitunderthisCode.

105.Magistratemaydirectsearchinhispresence.AnyMagistratemaydirectasearchtobemadein
hispresenceofanyplaceforthesearchofwhichheiscompetenttoissueasearchwarrant.

______

PARTIV

PREVENTIONOFOFFENCES

_______

CHAPTERVIII1

OFSECURITYFORKEEPINGTHEPEACEANDFORGOODBEHAVIOUR

A.SecurityforkeepingthePeaceonConviction

106. Security for keeping the peace on conviction.(1) Whenever any person accused of 2[any
offencepunishableunderChapterVIIIofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),otherthananoffence
punishable under section 143, section 149, section 153A or section 154 thereof, or of] assault or other
offence involving a breach of the peace, or of abetting the same, 3* * *, or any person accused of
committingcriminalintimidation,isconvictedofsuchoffencebeforeaHighCourt,aCourtofSession,or
theCourtof4***5[***]aMagistrateofthefirstclass,

andsuchCourtisofopinionthatitisnecessarytorequiresuchpersontoexecuteabondforkeepingthe
peace,

suchCourtmay,atthetimeofpassingsentenceonsuchperson,orderhimtoexecuteabondforasum
proportionatetohismeans,withorwithoutsureties,forkeepingthepeaceduringsuchperiod,notexceeding
threeyears,asitthinksfittofix.

(2)Iftheconvictionissetasideonappealorotherwise,thebondsoexecutedshallbecomevoid.

1 Ss.20to26oftheSindFrontierRegulation,1892(3of1892),aretobereadwithandconstruedaspartofthisChaptersees.27ofthatRegulationands.3,supra.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.15,forrioting.
3 Thewordsorofassemblingarmedmenortakingotherunlawfulmeasureswiththeevidentintentionofcommittingthesame,rep.,ibid.
4 ThewordsaPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,s.29(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 57 of 319
(3)AnorderunderthissectionmayalsobemadebyanAppellateCourt 1[orbyaCourt]
exercisingitspowersofrevision.

B.__SecurityforkeepingthePeaceinotherCasesandsecurityforGoodBehaviour.

107.Securityforkeepingthepeaceinothercases.__(1)Whenevera2**[Magistrateof
thefirstclass]isinformedthatanypersonislikelytocommitabreachofthepeacedisturb
thepublictranquillityortodoanywrongfulactthatmayprobablyoccasionabreachofthe
peace,ordisturbthepublictranquillity,theMagistrate 3[ifinhisopinionthereissufficient
ground for proceeding] may in manner hereinafter provided, require such person to show
causewhyheshouldnotbeordered,toexecuteabond,withorwithoutsureties,forkeeping
thepeaceforsuchperiodnotexceeding2[threeyears]astheMagistratethinksfittofix.

(2) Proceeding shall not be taken under this section unless either the person informed
againstortheplacewherethebreachofthepeaceordisturbanceisapprehended,iswithinthe
local limits of such Magistrates jurisdiction, and no proceedings shall be taken before any
Magistrate4[exceptwiththeapprovaloftheSessionsJudge],unlessboththepersoninformed
againstandtheplacewherethebreachofthepeaceordisturbanceisapprehended,arewithin
thelocallimitsoftheMagistratesjurisdiction.

(3)ProcedureofMagistratenotempoweredtoactundersubsection(1).Whenany
Magistrate not empowered to proceed under subsection (1) has reason to believe that any
personislikelytocommitabreachofthepeaceordisturbthepublictranquillityortodoany
wrongful act that may probably occasion a breach of the peace or disturb the public
tranquillity,andthatsuchbreachofthepeaceordisturbancecannotbepreventedotherwise
than by detaining such person in custody, such Magistrate may, after recording his
reasons,issueawarrantforhisarrest(ifheisnotalreadyincustodyorbeforetheCourt),and
maysendhimbeforeaMagistrateempoweredtodealwiththecase,togetherwithacopyof
hisreasons.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972,(12of1972)s.2andSch.,for[includingaCourthearingappealsundersection407]orbytheHighCourtwhen.
Thewordsincrotchetswereins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923)s.15.
2 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2&Sch.
3 Ins.byAct18of1923,s.16.
4 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.30(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 58 of 319
(4) A Magistrate before whom a person is sent under 1[subsection (3)] may in his discretion
detainsuchpersonincustody2[pendingfurtheractionbyhimselfunderthisChapter.]

108.Securityforgoodbehaviourfrompersonsdisseminatingseditiousmatter.Whenever
a 3*** 4[Magistrateofthefirstclass] 5***hasinformationthatthereiswithinthelimitsofhis
jurisdiction any person who, within or without such limits, either orally or in writing 6[or in any
other manner intentionally] disseminates or attempts to disseminate, or in anywise abets the
disseminationof,

(a) any seditious matter, that is to say, any matter the publication of which is punishable
under7[section123Aor]section124AofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),or

(b) any matter the publication of which is punishable under section 153A of the Pakistan
PenalCode(XLVof1860),or

(c) any matter concerning a Judge which amounts to criminal intimidation or defamation
underthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),

such Magistrate, 6[if in his opinion there is sufficient ground for proceeding] may (in manner
hereinafterprovided)requiresuchpersontoshowcausewhyheshouldnotbeorderedtoexecutea
bond,withorwithoutsureties,forhisgoodbehaviourforsuchperiod,notexceedingoneyear,as
theMagistratethinksfittofix.

No proceedings shall be taken under this section against the editor, proprietor, printer or
publisher of any publication registered under, 8[and edited, printed and published] in conformity
with9[theprovisionsoftheWestPakistanPressandPublicationsOrdinance,1963(W.P.Ord.XXX
of 1963), or any other law relating to press and publications for the time being in force] 6[with
referencetoanymatterscontainedinsuchpublicationexceptbytheorderorundertheauthorityof
10***the 5[ProvincialGovernment]orsomeofficerempowered 11[bytheProvincialGovernment]
inthisbehalf.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.16,forthissection.
2 Subs.ibid.,foruntilthecompletionoftheinquiryhereinafterprescribed.
3 ThewordsChiefPresidencyoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
4 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.31(w.e.f1482001)
5 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.
6 Ins.byAct18of1923,s.17.
7 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act,1950(73of1950),s.2.
8 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.17,fororprintedorpublished.
9 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,asamendedbytheLawReforms(Amdt.)Ordinance,1975(24of1975),s.2andSch.
10 ThewordstheG.G.inC.,orrep.byA.O.,1937.
11 Subs.ibid.,forbytheG.G.inC..

Page 59 of 319
109. Security for good behaviour from vagrants and suspected persons. Whenever a 1* *
2[MagistrateoftheFirstClass]receiveinformation__

(a) that any person is taking precautions to conceal his presence within the local limits of such
Magistrate's jurisdiction, and that there is reason to believe that such person is taking such
precautionswithaviewtocommittinganyoffence,or

(b) that there is within such limits a person who has no ostensible means of subsistence, or who
cannotgiveasatisfactoryaccountofhimself,

suchMagistratemay,inmannerhereinafterprovided,requiresuchpersontoshowcausewhyheshouldnot
beorderedtoexecuteabond,withsureties,forhisgoodbehaviourforsuchperiod,notexceeding 3[three
years]astheMagistratethinksfittofix.

110.Securityforgoodbehaviourfromhabitualoffenders.Whenevera1**, 2[Magistrateofthefirst
class]receivesinformationthatanypersonwithinthelocallimitsofhisjurisdiction

(a)isbyhabitarobber,housebreaker,4*thief,5[orforger],or

(b)isbyhabitareceiverofstolenpropertyknowingthesametohavebeenstolen,or

(c)habituallyprotectsorharboursthievesoraids,intheconcealmentordisposalofstolenproperty,
or

6[(d) habitually commits, or attempts to commit, or abets the commission of, the offence of
kidnapping,abduction,extortion,cheatingormischief,oranyoffencepunishableunderChapter
XII of the PakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),orunder section 489A, section 489B, section
489Corsection489DofthatCode,or]

(e) habitually commits, or attempts to commit, or abets the commissions of, offences involving a
breachofthepeace,or

(f)issodesperateanddangerousastorenderhisbeingatlargewithoutsecurityhazardoustothe
community,

1 ThewordsPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.30(w.e.f.1482001)
3 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.
4 Thewordorrep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.18.
5 Ins.ibid.
6 Subs.ibid.,fortheoriginalclause(d).

Page 60 of 319
suchMagistratemay,inmannerhereinafterprovided,requiresuchpersontoshowcausewhy
heshouldnotbeorderedtoexecuteabond,withsureties,forhisgoodbehaviourforsuch
period,notexceedingthreeyears,astheMagistratethinksfittofix.

111.[ProvisoastoEuropeanvagrants.]Rep.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923
(XIIof'1923),s.8.
1,2112.
Order to be made. When a Magistrate acting under section 107, section
108,section109orsection110deemsitnecessarytorequireanypersontoshowcauseunder
suchsection,heshallmakeanorderinwriting,settingforththesubstanceoftheinformation
received,theamountofthebondtobeexecuted,thetermforwhichitistobeinforce,and
thenumber,characterandclassofsureties(ifany)required.
1, 2113. Procedure in respect of person present in Court. If the person in respect of
whomsuchorderismadeispresentinCourt,itshallbereadovertohimor,ifhesodesires,
thesubstancethereofshallbeexplainedtohim.
2114. Summons or warrant in case of person not so present. If such person is not
presentinCourt,theMagistrateshallissueasummonsrequiringhimtoappear,or,whensuch
person is in custody, a warrant directing the officer in whose custody he is, to bring him
beforetheCourt:

ProvidedthatwheneveritappearstosuchMagistrate,uponthereportofapoliceofficer
oruponotherinformation(thesubstanceofwhichreportorinformationshallberecordedby
theMagistrate),thatthereisreasontofearthecommissionofabreachofthepeace,andthat
suchbreachofthepeacecannotbepreventedotherwisethanbytheimmediatearrestofsuch
person,theMagistratemayatanytimeissueawarrantforhisarrest.

1Ss.112,113,115and117donotapplytoanenquiryunders.22oftheSindhFrontierRegulation,1892(3of1892),orunders.42oftheFrontierCrimesRegulation,1901(3of1901).
2Ss.112to121and123to126ands.514applytoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunders.6ofthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873).

Page 61 of 319
1,2115. Copy of order under section 112 to accompany summons or warrant. Every summons or
warrantissuedundersection114shallbeaccompaniedbyacopyoftheordermadeundersection112,and
such copy shall be delivered by the officer serving or executing such summons or warrant to the person
servedwith,orarrestedunder,thesame.
2116. Power to dispense with personal attendance. The Magistrate may, if he sees sufficient cause,
dispense with the personal attendance of any person called upon to show cause why he should not be
orderedtoexecuteabondforkeepingthepeace,andmaypermithimtoappearbyapleader.

1,2117. Inquiry as to truth of information.__(1)When an order under section 112 has been read or
explainedundersection113toapersonpresentinCourt,orwhenanypersonappearsorisbroughtbeforea
Magistrate in compliance with, or in execution of, a summons or warrant, issued under section 114, the
Magistrateshallproceedtoinquireintothetruthoftheinformationuponwhichactionhasbeentaken,and
totakesuchfurtherevidenceasmayappearnecessary.
3(2)Suchinquiryshallbemade,asnearlyasmaybepracticable,inthemannerprescribedinChapter
XXforconductingtrialsandrecordingevidence,exceptthatnochargeneedbeframed].
4[(3) Pending the completion of the inquiry under subsection (1) the Magistrate, if he considers that
immediatemeasuresarenecessaryforthepreventionofabreachofthepeaceordisturbanceofthepublic
tranquillity or the commission of any offence or for the public safety, may, for reasons to be recorded in
writing,directthepersoninrespectofwhomtheorderundersection112hasbeenmadetoexecuteabond,
with or without sureties, for keeping the peace or maintaining good behaviour until the conclusion of the
inquiry, and may detain him in custody until such bond is executed or, in default of execution, until the
inquiryisconcluded:

Providedthat:__

(a) no person against whom proceedings are not being taken under section 108, section 109, or
section110,shallbedirectedtoexecuteabondformaintaininggoodbehaviour,and

(b)theconditionsofsuchbond,whetherastotheamountthereoforastotheprovisionofsureties
orthenumberthereoforthepecuniaryextentoftheirliability,shallnotbemoreonerousthan
thosespecifiedintheorderundersection112.]
5[(4)]Forthepurposesofthissectionthefactthatapersonisanhabitualoffender 6[orissodesperate
anddangerousastorenderhisbeingatlargewithoutsecurityhazardoustothecommunity]maybeproved
byevidenceofgeneralreputeorotherwise.
5[(5)]Wheretwoormorepersonshavebeenassociatedtogetherinthematterunderinquiry,theymay
bedealtwithinthesameorseparateinquiriesastheMagistrateshallthinkjust.

1 Ss.112to121and123to126ands.514applytoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunders.6ofthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873).
2 Ss.112,113,115and117donotapplytoanenquiryunders.22oftheSindhFrontierRegulation,1892(3of1892),orunders.42oftheFrontierCrimesRegulation,1901(3of1901).
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,Forsubsection(2).
4 Subsection(3)ins,bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.19.
5 Orignalsubsections(3)and(4)renumbered(4)and(5)respectivelybytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.19.
6 Ins.ibid.

Page 62 of 319
1118.Ordertogivesecurity.__(1)If,uponsuchinquiry,itisprovedthatitisnecessaryforkeepingthe
peaceormaintaininggoodbehaviour,asthecasemaybe,thatthepersoninrespectofwhomtheinquiryis
madeshouldexecuteabond,withorwithoutsuretiestheMagistrateshallmakeanorderaccordingly:

Provided

first,thatnopersonshallbeorderedtogivesecurityofanaturedifferentfrom,orofanamountlarger
than,orforaperiodlongerthan,thatspecifiedintheordermadeundersection112

secondly,thattheamountofeverybondshallbefixedwithdueregardtothecircumstancesofthecase
andshallnotbeexcessive:

thirdly, that when the person in respect of whom the inquiry is made is a minor, the bond shall be
executedonlybyhissureties.
2119.Dischargeofpersoninformedagainst.If,onaninquiryundersection117,itisnotprovedthatit
is necessary for keeping the peace or maintaining good behaviour, as the case may be, that the person in
respect of whom the inquiry is made, should execute a bond, the Magistrate shall make an entry on the
recordtothateffect,andifsuchpersonisincustodyonlyforthepurposesoftheinquiry,shallreleasehim,
or,ifsuchpersonisnotincustody,shalldischargehim.

C.ProceedingsinallCasessubsequenttoOrdertofurnishSecurity

2[120. Commencement of period for which security is required.__(1) If any person, in respect of
whom an order requiring security is made under section 106 or section 118, is, at the time such order is
made, sentenced to, or undergoing a sentence of, imprisonment the period for which such security is
requiredshallcommenceontheexpirationofsuchsentence.

(2) In other cases such period shall commence on the date of such order unless the Magistrate, for
sufficientreason,fixesalaterdate.
2[121.Contentsofbond.Thebondtobeexecutedbyanysuchpersonshallbindhimtokeepthepeace
ortobeofgoodbehaviour,asthecasemaybe,andinthelattercasethecommissionorattempttocommit,
ortheabetmentof,anyoffencepunishablewithimprisonment,whereveritmaybecommitted,isabreach
ofthebond.

3[122. Power to reject sureties.__(1) A Magistrate may refuse to accept any surety offered, or may
rejectanysuretypreviouslyacceptedbyhimorhispredecessorunderthisChapteronthegroundthatsuch
suretyisanunfitpersonforthepurposesofthebond:

Providedthat,beforesorefusingtoacceptorrejectinganysuchsurety,heshalleitherhimselfholdan
inquiry on oath into the fitness of the surety, or cause such inquiry to be held and a report to be made
thereonbyaMagistratesubordinatetohim.

1 Ss.112to121and123to126ands.514applytoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunders.6ofthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873).
2 Ss.112to121and123to126ands.514applytoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunders.6ofthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873).
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.20,fortheoriginalsection.

Page 63 of 319
(2)SuchMagistrateshall,beforeholdinginquiry,givereasonablenoticetothesuretyandtotheperson
by whom the surety was offered and shall in making the inquiry record the substance of the evidence
adducedbeforehim.

(3)IftheMagistrateissatisfied,afterconsideringtheevidencesoadducedeitherbeforehimorbeforea
Magistrate deputed under subsection (1), and the report of such Magistrate (if any) that the surety is an
unfitpersonforthepurposesofthebond,heshallmakeanorderrefusingtoacceptorrejecting,asthecase
maybe,suchsuretyandrecordinghisreasonsforsodoing:

Provided that, before making an order rejecting any surety who has previously been accepted, the
Magistrateshallissuehissummonsorwarrant,ashethinksfit,andcausethepersonforwhomthesuretyis
boundtoappearortobebroughtbeforehim.]

1123.Imprisonmentindefaultofsecurity.__(1)Ifanypersonorderedtogivesecurityundersection
106orsection118doesnotgivesuchsecurityonorbeforethedateonwhichtheperiodforwhichsuch
securityistobegivencommences,heshall,exceptinthecasenexthereinaftermentioned,becommittedto
prison,or,ifheisalreadyinprisonbedetainedinprisonuntilsuchperiodexpiresoruntilwithinsuchperiod
hegivesthesecuritytotheCourtorMagistratewhomadetheorderrequiringit.

(2)ProceedingswhentobelaidbeforeHighCourtorCourtofSessions.Whensuchpersonhasbeen
ordered by a Magistrate to give security for a period exceeding one year,such Magistrate shall, if such
person does not give such security as aforesaid, issue a warrant directing him to be detained in prison
pendingtheordersoftheSessionsJudge 2***andtheproceedingsshallbelaid,assoonasconveniently
maybe,before3[suchJudge].

(3) 3[The Sessions Judge], after examining such proceedings and requiring from the Magistrate any
further information or evidence which 4[he] thinks necessary, may pass such order on the case as 4[he]
thinksfit:

Providedthattheperiod(ifany)forwhichanypersonisimprisonedforfailuretogivesecurityshallnot
exceedthreeyears.
5[(3A)Ifsecurityhasbeenrequiredinthecourseofthesameproceedingsfromtwoormorepersonsin

respectofanyoneofwhomtheproceedingsarereferredtotheSessionsJudge6***undersubsection(2),
such reference shall also include the case of any other of such persons who has been ordered to give
security,andtheprovisionsofsubsections(2)and(3)shall,inthatevent,applytothecaseofsuchother
personalso,exceptthattheperiod(ifany)forwhichhemaybeimprisonedshallnotexceedtheperiodfor
whichhewasorderedtogivesecurity.

(3B)ASessionsJudgemayinhisdiscretiontransferanyproceedingslaidbeforehimundersubsection
(2)orsubsection(3A)toanAdditionalSessionsJudgeorAssistantSessionsJudgeanduponsuchtransfer,
such Additional Sessions Judge or Assistant Sessions Judge may exercise the powers of a Sessions Judge
underthissectioninrespectofsuchproceedings.]

1 Ss.112to121and123to126ands.514applytoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunders.6ofthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873).
2 Thewordsandcommasor,ifsuchMagistrateisPresidencyMagistrate,pendingtheordersoftheHighCourtomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Subs.Ibid.,forsuchCourt.
4 Subs.Ibid.,forit.
5 Subsections(3A)and(3B)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.21.
6 ThewordsortheHighCourtomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.

Page 64 of 319
(4)Ifthesecurityistenderedtotheofficerinchargeofthejail,heshallforthwithreferthemattertothe
CourtorMagistratewhomadetheorder,andshallawaittheordersofsuchCourtorMagistrate.

(5) Kind of imprisonment. Imprisonment for failure to give security for keeping the peace shall be
simple.

(6) Imprisonment for failure to give security for good behaviour 1[shall, where the proceedings have
beentakenundersection1082***besimpleand,wheretheproceedingshavebeentakenunder 3[section
109or]section110],berigorousorsimpleastheCourtorMagistrateineachcasedirects.

4124.Powertoreleasepersonsimprisonedforfailingtogivesecurity.__(1)Wheneverthe 5[Sessions

Judge] 6***isofopinionthatanypersonimprisonedforfailingtogivesecurityunderthisChapter 7***


maybereleasedwithouthazardtothecommunityortoanyotherperson,hemayordersuchpersontobe
discharged.

(2)WheneveranypersonhasbeenimprisonedforfailingtogivesecurityunderthisChapter,the 8***
5[SessionsJudge]may(unlesstheorderhasbeenmadebysomeCourtsuperiortohisown)makeanorder
reducing the amount of the security or the number of sureties or the time for which security has been
required.
9[(3)Anorderundersubsection(1)maydirectthedischargeofsuchpersoneitherwithoutconditions
oruponanyconditionswhichsuchpersonaccepts:

Providedthatanyconditionimposedshallceasetobeoperativewhentheperiodforwhichsuchperson
wasorderedtogivesecurityhasexpired.]
10[(4)The 11[ProvincialGovernment]mayprescribetheconditionsuponwhichaconditionaldischarge
maybemade.

(5)Ifanyconditionuponwhichanysuchpersonhasbeendischargedis,intheopinionofthe5[Sessions
Judge]12***bywhomtheorderofdischargewasmadeorofhissuccessor,notfulfilled,hemaycancelthe
same.

(6)Whenaconditionalorderofdischargehasbeencancelledundersubsection(5),suchpersonmaybe
arrested by any policeofficer without warrant, and shall thereupon be produced before the 5[Sessions
Judge.]12***

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.21formay.
2 Thewordsandfiguresorsection109rep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act,1926(10of1926),s.2.
3 Ins.ibid.
4 Ss.112to121and123to126ands.514applytoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunders.6ofthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873).
5 Subs.byord37of2001,s.34(w.e.f.1482001).
6 ThewordsoraChiefPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
7 ThewordswhetherbytheorderofsuchMagistrateorthatofhispredecessorinoffice,orofsomesubordinateMagistrate,"rep.byAct18of1923,s.22.
8 ThewordsChiefPresidencyoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
9 Subs.fortheoriginalsubsection(3),byAct18of1923,s.22.
10 SubSections(4),(5)and(6)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.22.
11 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
12 ThewordsorChiefPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949.Sch.

Page 65 of 319
Unlesssuchpersonthengivessecurityinaccordancewiththetermsoftheoriginalorderforthe
unexpired portion of the term for which he was in the first instance committed or ordered to be
detained (such portion being deemed to be a period equal to the period between the date of the
breachoftheconditionsofdischargeandthedateonwhich,exceptforsuchconditionaldischarge,
hewouldhavebeenentitledtorelease),the 1[SessionsJudge] 2***mayremandsuchpersonto
prisontoundergosuchunexpiredportion.

A person remanded to prison under this subsection shall, subject to the provisions of section
122, be released at any time on giving security in accordance with the terms of the original order
fortheunexpiredportionaforesaidtotheCourtorMagistratebywhomsuchorderwasmade,orto
itsorhissuccessor.]
3125. Power of District Magistrate to cancel any bond for keeping the peace or good

behaviour.The 4*** 1[SessionsJudge]mayatanytime,forsufficientreasonstoberecordedin


writing,cancelanybondforkeepingthepeaceorforgoodbehaviourexecutedunderthisChapter
byorderofanyCourtinhisdistrictnotsuperiortohisCourt.
3126.Dischargeofsureties.__(1)Anysuretyforthepeaceableconductorgoodbehaviourof

another person may at any time apply to a 5* * *,[concerned Magistrate of the first class] to
cancelanybondexecutedunderthisChapterwithinthelocallimitsofhisjurisdiction.

(2)Onsuchapplicationbeingmade,theMagistrateshallissuehissummonsorwarrant,ashe
thinks fit, requiring the person for whom such surety is bound to appear or to be brought before
him.
6[126A.] Security for unexpired period of bond. 7[When a person for whose appearance a
warrantorsummonshasbeenissuedundertheprovisotosubsection(3)ofsection122orunder
section126,subsection(2),appearsorisbroughtbeforehim,theMagistrateshallcancelthebond
executedbysuchperson]andshallordersuchpersontogive,fortheunexpiredportionoftheterm
ofsuchbond,freshsecurityofthesamedescriptionastheoriginalsecurity.Everysuchordershall,
forthepurposesofsections121,122,123and124,bedeemedtobeanordermadeundersection
106orsection118,asthecasemaybe.

1 Subs.byord.37of2001,s.3436(w.e.f.1482001).
2 Thewords"orChiefPresidencyMagistrate"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Ss.112to121and123to126ands.514applytoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunders.6ofthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873).
4 ThewordsChiefPresidencyoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 ThewordsPresidencyMagistrateomitted,ibid.
6 SubSection(3)ofs.126renumberedass.126AbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.23.
7 Subs.ibid.,forwhensuchpersonappearsorisbroughtbeforetheMagistrate,suchMagistrateshallcancelthebond.

Page 66 of 319
CHAPTERIX
UNLAWFULASSEMBLIES1[ANDMAINTENANCEOFPUBLICPEACE
ANDSECURITY].

127. Assembly to disperse on command of Magistrate or policeofficer.__(1)Any 2* * * officer in


chargeofapolicestationmaycommandanyunlawfulassembly,oranyassemblyoffiveormorepersons
likely to cause a disturbance of the public peace, to disperse and it shall thereupon be the duty of the
membersofsuchassemblytodisperseaccordingly.
3******

128.Useofcivilforcetodisperse.If,uponbeingsocommanded,anysuchassemblydoesnotdisperse,
orif,withoutbeingsocommanded,itconductsitselfinsuchamannerastoshowadeterminationnotto
disperse,any2***officerinchargeofapolicestation, 4***,mayproceedtodispersesuchassemblyby
force,andmayrequiretheassistanceofanymaleperson,notbeinganofficer 5[,soldier,sailororairmanin
6[theArmedforcesofPakistan]] 7***,andactingassuch,forthepurposeofdispersingsuchassembly,
and,ifnecessary,arrestingandconfiningthepersonswhoformpartofit,inordertodispersesuchassembly
orthattheymaybepunishedaccordingtolaw[:]8
8[Provided that for dispersing any assembly, firing shall not be resorted to except under the specific
directions of an officer of the police not below the rank of an Assistant Superintendent or Deputy
SuperintendentofPolice.]

129.Useofmilitaryforce.Ifanysuchassemblycannotbeotherwisedispersed,andifitisnecessary
for the public security that it should be dispersed, 8[the police officer of the highest rank not below an
AssistantSuperintendent,orDeputySuperintendentofPolice]whoispresentmaycauseittobedispersed
by9[thearmedforces].

130. Duty of Officer Commanding troops required by Magistrate to disperse assembly. 10[(1)
When 8[a police officer of the highest rank not below an Assistant Superintendent, or Deputy
Superintendent,ofPolice]determinestodisperseanysuchassemblybythearmedforces,hemayrequire
any officer thereof in command of any group of persons belonging to the armed forces to disperse such
assembly with the help of the armed forces under his command and to arrest and confine such persons
formingpartofitastheMagistrate 8[orsuchPoliceofficer]maydirect,orasitmaybenecessarytoarrest
andconfineinordertodispersetheassemblyortohavethempunishedaccordingtolaw.]

(2)Everysuchofficershallobeysuchrequisitioninsuchmannerashethinksfit,butinsodoingheshall
use as little force, and do as little injury to person and property, as may be consistent with dispersing the
assemblyandarrestinganddetainingsuchpersons.

1 AddedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ord.,2001,(81of2001),s.2.
2 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,ss.34(w.e.f.1482001).
3 Subsection(2)omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
4 Thewordswhetherwithinorwithoutthepresidencytownsomittedibid.
5 Subs.bytheAmendingAct,1934(35of1934),s.2andSch.,for"orsoldierinHerMajesty'sArmy".
6 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forHisMajestysArmy,NavyorAirForce(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956.)
7 ThewordsoravolunteerenrolledundertheIndianVolunteersAct,1869omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
8 Subs,addedandins.byOrd.37of2001,s.3841(w.e.f.1482001).
9 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1975(49of1975),s.2,formilitaryforce(w.e.f25475).
10 Subs.ibid,s.3,forsubsection(1).

Page 67 of 319
131. Power of commissioned military officers to disperse assembly. When the public security is
manifestlyendangeredbyanysuchassembly,andwhen 1[apoliceofficerbelowtherankofanAssistant
Superintendent,orDeputySuperintendent,ofPolice]canbecommunicatedwith,anycommissionedofficer
of 2[the Pakistan] Army may disperse such assembly by military force, and may arrest and confine any
personsformingpartofit,inordertodispersesuchassemblyorthattheymaybepunishedaccordingtolaw
butif,while,heisactingunderthissection,itbecomespracticableforhimtocommunicatewith1[apolice
officernotbelowtherankofAssistantSuperintendent,orDeputySuperintendent,ofPolice],heshalldoso,
andshallthenceforwardobeytheinstructionsof 1[such Police officer]astowhetherheshallorshallnot
continuesuchaction.

3131A.Powertousemilitaryforceforpublicsecurityandmaintenanceoflawandorder.__(1)If
the Provincial Government is satisfied that, for the public security, protection of life and property, public
peaceandthemaintenanceoflawandorder,itisnecessarytosecuretheassistanceofthearmedforcesor
civil armed forces, the Provincial Government may required, with the prior approval of the Federal
Government,ortheFederalGovernmentmayonitsownorontherequestoftheProvincialGovernment,
directanyofficerofthearmedforcesorcivilarmedforcesnotbelowtherankofaJCOorequivelantto
rendersuchassistancewiththehelpoftheforcesunderhiscommand,andsuchassistanceshallincludethe
exercise of powers specified in sections 46 to 49, 53, 54, 55 (a) (c), 58, 61, 64 to 67, 102 and 103 for a
particularareadefinedinthenotificationforalimitedperiodofthirtydaysextendablebyanotherperiodof
thirtydays,asthecircumstancesmaywarrant:

ProvidedthatsuchpowersshallnotincludedthepowersofaMagistrate.

(2)Everysuchofficershallobeysuchrequisitionordirection,asthecasemaybe,andindoingsomay
usesuchforceasthecircumstancesmayrequire.

(3)Inrenderingassistancerelatingtoexerciseofpowersspecifiedinsubsection(1),everyofficershall,
asfarasmaybe,followtherestrictionsandconditionslaiddownintheCode.]

132. Protection against prosecution for act done under this Chapter. No prosecution against any
personforanyactpurportingtobedoneunderthisChaptershallbeinstitutedinanyCriminalCourt,except
withthesanctionofthe4[ProvincialGovernment]and___

(a)no5***policeofficeractingunderthisChapteringoodfaith,
(b)noofficeractingundersection131ingoodfaith,
(c) no person doing any act in good faith, in compliance with a requisition under section 128 or
section130,6[orsection131A].and
(d)noinferiorofficer,orsoldier,7[sailororairmaninthearmedforces],doinganyactinobedience
toanyorderwhichhewasboundtoobey,

shallbedeemedtohavetherebycommittedanoffence:

1 Subs,addedandins.byOrd.37of2001,ss.3841(w.e.f.1482001).
2 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forHerMajestys(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1961).
3 Ins.byOrd.81of02,s.3.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.,whichhadbeensubs.forG.G.inC.bytheDevolutionAct.,1920(38of1920),s.2andSch.1.
5 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,s.42(w.e.f.1482001).
6 Ins.byOrd.81of02,ss.45.
7 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1975(49of1975),s.4,fororvolunteer(w.e.f24475).

Page 68 of 319
1[Provided that no such prosecution shall be instituted in any Criminal Court against any officer or
2[soldier,sailororairmaninthearmedforces]exceptwiththesanctionofthe3[FederalGovernment].]

4[132A.__Definitions.InthisChapter,__

(a)theexpression"armedforces"meansthemilitary,navalandairforces,operatingaslandforces
andincludes5***anyotherarmedforcesofPakistansooperating
6[(aa) the expression civil armed forces means the Pakistan Rangers, Frointier Corps, Frontier
Constabulary, Balochistan Constabulary, Pakistan Coast Gaurds or any other force as the
FederalGovernmentmaynotify.]
(b)"officer",inrelationtothearmedforces,meansapersoncommissioned,gazettedorinpayasan
officerofthearmedforcesandincludesajuniorcommissionedofficer,awarrantofficer,apetty
officerandanoncommissionedofficerand
(c)"soldier"includesamemberoftheforceconstitutedundertheActreferredtoinclause(a).].

CHAPTERX
PUBLICNUISANCES
7[133. Conditional order for removal of nuisance.__(1) Whenever a 8[Magistrate of the first class]
considers,onreceivingapolicereportorotherinformationandontakingsuchevidence(ifany)ashethinks
fit,

thatanyunlawfulobstructionornuisanceshouldberemovedfromanyway,riverorchannelwhichisor
maybelawfullyusedbythepublic,orfromanypublicplace,or

thattheconductofanytradeoroccupation,orthekeepingofanygoodsormerchandise,isinjuriousto
thehealthorphysicalcomfortofthecommunity,andthatinconsequencesuchtradeoroccupationshould
be prohibited or regulated or such goods or merchandise should be removed or the keeping thereof
regulated,or

that the construction of any building, or the disposal of any substance, as likely to occasion
conflagrationorexplosion,shouldbepreventedorstopped,or

thatanybuilding,tentorstructure,oranytreeisinsuchaconditionthatitislikelytofallandthereby
cause injury to persons living or carrying on business in the neighbourhood or passing by, and that in
consequencetheremoval,repairorsupportofsuchbuilding,tentorstructure,ortheremovalorsupportof
suchtree,isnecessary,or

that any tank, well or excavation adjacent to any such way or public place should be fenced in such
mannerastopreventdangerarisingtothepublic,or

1 Thisprovisowasins.bytheDevolutionAct,1920(38of1920),s.2andSch.I.
2 Subs.byAct49of1975,s.4,forsoldierin[thePakistan]ArmyThewordsincrotchetsweresubs.byA.O.,1961Art.2andSch.forHisMajestys(w.e.f23356).
3 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975Art.2andTable,forCentralGovernment",whichwaspreviouslyamendedbyA.O.,1937,forG.G.inC..
4 Newsection132Ains.byAct,49of1975,s.5.
5 CertainwordsomittedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.
6 Ins.byOrd.81of2002,ss.45.
7 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.24fortheoriginalsection133.
8 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.43(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 69 of 319
thatanydangerousanimalshouldbedestroyed,confinedorotherwisedisposedof,

such Magistrate may make a conditional order requiring the person causing such obstruction or
nuisance,orcarryingonsuchtradeoroccupation,orkeepinganysuchgoodsormerchandise,orowning,
possessing or controlling such building, tent, structure, substance, tank, well or excavation, or owning or
possessingsuchanimalortree,withinatimetobefixedintheorder,

toremovesuchobstructionornuisanceor

todesistfromcarryingon,ortoremoveorregulateinsuchmannerasmaybedirected,suchtradeor
occupationor

to remove such goods or merchandise, to regulate the keeping thereof in such manner as may be
directedor

topreventorstoptheerectionof,ortoremove,repairorsupport,suchbuilding,tentorstructureor

toremoveorsupportsuchtreeor

toalterthedisposalofsuchsubstanceor

tofencesuchtank,wellorexcavation,asthecasemaybeor

todestroy,confineordisposeofsuchdangerousanimalinthemannerprovidedinthesaidorder

or,ifheobjectssotodo,

toappearbeforehimselforsomeother1[Magistrateofthefirstclass],atatimeandplacetobefixedby
theorder,andmovetohavetheordersetasideormodifiedinthemannerhereinafterprovided.

(2)NoorderdulymadebyaMagistrateunderthissectionshallbecalledinquestioninanyCivilCourt.

Explanation.___ A public place includes also property belonging to the State, camping grounds and
groundsleftunoccupiedforsanitaryorrecreativepurposes.]

134. Service or notification of order.__(1) The order shall, if practicable, be served on the person
againstwhomitismade,inmannerhereinprovidedforserviceofasummons.

(2)Ifsuchordercannotbesoserved,itshallbenotifiedbyproclamation,publishedinsuchmanneras
the 2[Provincial Government] may by rule direct, and a copy thereof shall be stuck up at such place or
placesasmaybefittestforconveyingtheinformationtosuchperson.

135.Persontowhomorderisaddressedtoobeyorshowcauseorclaimjury.Thepersonagainst
whomsuchorderismadeshall__

1 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.43(w.e.f14082001).
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.

Page 70 of 319
(a)perform,withinthetime1[andinthemanner]specifiedintheorder,theactdirectedtherebyor

(b)appearinaccordancewithsuchorderandeithershowcauseagainstthesame,orapplytothe
Magistrate by whom it was made to appoint a jury to try whether the same is reasonable and
proper.

136.Consequenceofhisfailingtodoso.Ifsuchpersondoesnotperformsuchactorappearandshow
cause or apply for the appointment of a jury as required by section 135, he shall be liable to the penalty
prescribedinthatbehalfinsection188ofthePakistanPenalCode,andtheordershallbemadeabsolute.

137. Procedure where he appears to show cause.__(1) If he appears and shows cause against the
order,theMagistrateshalltakeevidenceinthematter2[inthemannerprovidedinChapterXX].

(2)IftheMagistrateissatisfiedthattheorderisnotreasonableandproper,nofurtherproceedingsshall
betakeninthecase.

(3)IftheMagistrateisnotsosatisfied,theordershallbemadeabsolute.

138.ProcedurewhereheclaimsJury.__(1)Onreceivinganapplicationundersection135toappointa
jury,theMagistrateshall

(a)forthwithappointajuryconsistingofanunevennumberofpersonsnotlessthanfive,ofwhom
theforemanandonehalfoftheremainingmembersshallbenominatedbysuchMagistrate,and
theothermembersbytheapplicant

(b)summonsuchforemanandmemberstoattendatsuchplaceandtimeastheMagistratethinksfit
and

(c)fixatimewithinwhichtheyaretoreturntheirverdict.

(2)Thetimesofixedmay,forgoodcauseshown,beextendedbytheMagistrate.

139.ProcedurewherejuryfindsMagistrate'sordertobereasonable.__(1)Ifthejuryoramajority
ofthejurorsfindthattheorderoftheMagistrateisreasonableandproperasoriginallymade,orsubjecttoa
modification which the Magistrate accepts, the Magistrate shall make the order absolute, subject to such
modification(ifany).

(2)InothercasesnofurtherproceedingsshallbetakenunderthisChapter.

3[139A. Procedure where existence of public right is denied.__(1) Where an order is made under
section 133 for the purpose of preventing obstruction, nuisance or danger to the public in the use of any
way,river,channelorplace,theMagistrateshall,ontheappearancebeforehimofthepersonagainstwhom
theorderwasmade,questionhimastowhetherhedeniestheexistenceofanypublicrightinrespectofthe
way,river,channelorplace,andifhedoesso,theMagistrateshall,beforeproceedingundersection137or
section138,inquireintothematter.

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.25.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forasinasummonscase.
3 S.139Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.26.

Page 71 of 319
(2)IfinsuchinquirytheMagistratefindsthatthereisanyreliableevidenceinsupportofsuchdenial,he
shallstaytheproceedingsuntilthematteroftheexistenceofsuchrighthasbeendecidedbyacompetent
CivilCourtand,ifhefindsthatthereisnosuchevidence,heshallproceedaslaiddowninsection137or
section138,asthecasemayrequire.

(3)Apersonwhohas,onbeingquestionedbytheMagistrateundersubsection(1)failedtodenythe
existenceofapublicrightofthenaturethereinreferredto,orwho,havingmadesuchdenial,hasfailedto
adducereliableevidenceinsupportthereof,shallnotinthesubsequentproceedingsbepermittedtomake
anysuchdenial,norshallanyquestioninrespectoftheexistenceofanysuchpublicrightbeinquiredinto
byanyjuryappointedundersection138.]

140. Procedure on order being made absolute.__(1) When an order has been made absolute under
section136,section137orsection139,theMagistrateshallgivenoticeofthesametothepersonagainst
whomtheorderwasmade,andshallfurtherrequirehimtoperformtheactdirectedbytheorderwithina
timetobefixedinthenotice,andinformhimthat,incaseofdisobedience,hewillbeliabletothepenalty
providedbysection188ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860).

(2) Consequences of disobedience to order. If such act is not performed within the time fixed, the
Magistratemaycauseittobeperformed,andmayrecoverthecostsofperformingit,eitherbythesaleof
anybuilding,goodsorotherpropertyremovedbyhisorder,orbythedistressandsaleofanyothermovable
property of such person within or without the local limits of such Magistrate's jurisdiction. If such other
property is without such limits, the order shall authorize its attachment and sale when endorsed by the
Magistratewithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthepropertytobeattachedisfound.

(3)Nosuitshalllieinrespectofanythingdoneingoodfaithunderthissection.

141.Procedureonfailuretoappointjuryoromissiontoreturnverdict.Iftheapplicant,byneglect
or otherwise, prevents the appointment of the jury, or if from any cause the jury appointed do not return
theirverdictwithinthetimefixedorwithinsuchfurthertimeastheMagistratemayinhisdiscretionallow,
theMagistratemaypasssuchorderashethinksfit,andsuchordershallbeexecutedinthemannerprovided
bysection140.

142.Injunctionpendinginquiry.__(1)IfaMagistratemakinganorderundersection133considersthat
immediatemeasuresshouldbetakentopreventimminentdangerorinjuryofaseriouskindtothepublic,he
may,whetherajuryistobe,orhasbeen,appointedornot,issuesuchaninjunctiontothepersonagainst
whom the order was made, as is required to obviate or prevent such danger or injury pending the
determinationofthematter.

(2) In default of such person forthwith obeying such injunction, the Magistrate may himself use, or
causetobeused,suchmeansashethinksfittoobviatesuchdangerortopreventsuchinjury.

(3)NosuitshalllieinrespectofanythingdoneingoodfaithbyaMagistrateunderthissection.

Page 72 of 319
143.Magistratemayprohibitrepetitionorcontinuanceofpublicnuisance.A1[AnyotherExecutive
Magistrate],mayorderanypersonnottorepeatorcontinueapublicnuisance,anddefinedinthePakistan
PenalCodeoranyspecialorlocallaw.

CHAPTERXI
TEMPORARYORDERSINURGENTCASESOFNUINANCEOR
APPREHANDEDDANGER

144. Power to issue order absolute at once in urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended
danger.__(1) In cases where, in the opinion of 2[the Zila Nazim upon the written recommendation of the
DistrictSuperintendentofPoliceorExecutiveDistrictOfficer] 3[thereissufficientgroundforproceeding
underthissectionand]immediatepreventionorspeedyremedyisdesirable,
2[the Zila Nazim] may, by a written order stating the material facts of the case and served in manner
providedbysection134,directanypersontoabstainfromacertainactortakecertainorderwithcertain
property in his possession or under his management, if 2[the Zila Nazim] considers that such direction is
likelytoprevent,ortendstoprevent,obstruction,annoyanceorinjury,orriskofobstruction,annoyanceor
injury,toanypersonlawfullyemployed,ordangertohumanlife,healthorsafety,oradisturbanceofthe
publictranquillity,orariot,oranaffray.

(2)Anorderunderthissectionmay,incaseofemergencyorincaseswherethecircumstancesdonot
admitoftheservinginduetimeofanoticeuponthepersonagainstwhomtheorderisdirected,bepassed,
exparte.

(3) An order under this section may be directed to a particular individual, or to the public generally
whenfrequentingorvisitingaparticularplace.

(4) 2[TheZilaNazim]may, 3[eitheronhisownmotionorontheapplicationofanypersonaggrieved],


rescindordermadeunderthissectionbyhimselforbyhispredecessorinoffice.
3[(5) Where such an application is received, the 2[Zila Nazim] shall afford to the applicant an early
opportunity of appearing before him either in person or by pleader and showing cause against the order
and,ifthe2[ZilaNazim]rejectstheapplicationwhollyorinpart,heshallrecordinwritinghisreasonsforso
doing.]
4[(6) No order under this section shall remain in force for more than two 4[consecutive days and not
morethansevendaysinamonth]fromthemakingthereofunless,incasesofdangertohumanlife,health
orsafety,oralikelihoodofariotoranaffray,the 5[ProvincialGovernment],bynotificationintheofficial
Gazette,otherwisedirects.

1 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.
2 Subs.andomittedbyOrd.37of2001s.45(w.e.f.14082001).
3 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt)Act,1923(18of1923),s.27.
4 TheOrignalSubsection(5)wasrenumbered(6)Act18of1923,Section.27.
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..

Page 73 of 319
1[(7)Intheapplicationofsubsections(1)to(6)tothedistrictswherethelocalGovernmentelections
havenotbeenheld,ortheZilaNazimhasnotassumedchargeofoffice,anyreferenceinthoseprovisionsto
theZilaNazimshallbereadasareferencetotheDistrictCoordinationOfficerinrelationtosuchdistricts:

Providedthatthissubsectionshallceasetohaveeffect,andshallbedeemedtohavebeenrepealed,at
thetimewhenlocalGovernmentsareinstalledinthedistrictsasaforesaid.]

CHAPTERXII

DISPUTESASTOIMMOVABLEPROPERTY

145. Procedure where dispute concerning land, etc., is likely to cause breach of peace.__(1)
Whenever a 3[Magistrate of the First Class] is satisfied from a policereport or other information that a
disputelikelytocauseabreachofthepeaceexistsconcerninganylandorwaterortheboundariesthereof,
withinthelocallimitsofhisjurisdiction,heshallmakeanorderinwriting,statingthegroundsofhisbeingso
satisfied, and requiring the parties concerned in such dispute to attend his Court in person or by pleader,
withinatimetobefixedbysuchMagistrate,andtoputinwrittenstatementsoftheirrespectiveclaimsas
respectsthefactofactualpossessionofthesubjectofdispute.

(2)Forthepurposesofthissectiontheexpression"landorwater"includesbuildings,markets,fisheries,
cropsorotherproduceofland,andtherentsorprofitsofanysuchproperty.

(3)AcopyoftheordershallbeservedinmannerprovidedbythisCodefortheserviceofasummons
uponsuchpersonorpersonsastheMagistratemaydirect,andatleastonecopyshallbepublishedbybeing
affixedtosomeconspicuousplaceatornearthesubjectofdispute.

(4)Inquiryastopossession.TheMagistrateshallthen,withoutreferencetothemeritsortheclaimsof
any of such parties to a right to possess the subject of dispute, peruse the statements so put in, hear the
parties, 3[receiveallsuchevidenceasmaybe]producedbythemrespectively,considertheeffectofsuch
evidence,takesuchfurtherevidence(ifany)ashethinksnecessary,and,ifpossible,decidewhetherany
andwhichofthepartieswasatthedateoftheorderbeforementionedinsuchpossessionofthesaidsubject:

Providedthat,ifitappearstotheMagistratethatanypartyhaswithintwomonthsnextbeforethedate
ofsuchorderbeenforciblyandwrongfullydispossessed,hemaytreatthepartysodispossessedasifhehad
beeninpossessionatsuchdate:

Providedalso,thatiftheMagistrateconsidersthecaseoneofemergency,hemayatanytimeattachthe
subjectofdispute,pendinghisdecisionunderthissection.

(5)Nothinginthissectionshallprecludeanypartysorequiredtoattend,oranyotherpersoninterested,
fromshowingthatnosuchdisputeasaforesaidexistsorhasexistedandinsuchcasetheMagistrateshall
cancelhissaidorder,andallfurtherproceedingsthereonshallbestayed,but,subjecttosuchcancellation,
theorderoftheMagistrateundersubsection(1)shallbefinal.

1 AddedbyOrd.43of2001,ss.45(w.e.f14082001).
2 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.46(w.e.f14082001).
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.28,forreceivetheevidence.

Page 74 of 319
(6)Partyinpossessiontoretainpossessionuntillegallyevicted.IftheMagistratedecidesthatoneof
thepartieswas 1[orshouldunderthefirstprovisotosubsection(4)betreatedasbeing]insuchpossession
of the said subject, he shall issue an order declaring such party to be entitled to possession thereof until
evictedtherefrominduecourseoflaw,andforbiddingalldisturbanceofsuchpossessionuntilsucheviction
1[and when he proceeds under the first proviso to subsection (4), may restore to possession the party
forciblyandwrongfullydispossessed].
2[(7)Whenanypartytoanysuchproceedingdies,theMagistratemaycausethelegalrepresentativeof
thedeceasedpartytobemadeapartytotheproceedingandshallthereuponcontinuetheinquiry,andifany
questionarisesastowhothelegalrepresentativeofadeceasedpartyforthepurposeofsuchproceedingis,
allpersonsclaimingtoberepresentativesofthedeceasedpartyshallbemadepartiesthereto.]
3[(8)IftheMagistrateisofopinionthatanycroporotherproduceoftheproperty,thesubjectofdispute
inaproceedingunderthissectionpendingbeforehim,issubjecttospeedyandnaturaldecay,hemaymake
anorderforthepropercustodyorsaleofsuchproperty,and,uponthecompletionoftheinquiry,shallmake
suchorderforthedisposalofsuchproperty,orthesaleproceedsthereof,ashethinksfit.

(9) The Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, at any stage of the proceedings under this section, on the
application of either party, issue a summons to any witness directing him to attend or to produce any
documentorthing.

(10) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to be in derogation of the powers of the Magistrate to
proceedundersection107.]

146. Power to attach subject of dispute.__(1) If the Magistrate decides that none of the parties was
theninsuchpossession,orisunabletosatisfyhimselfastowhichofthemwastheninsuchpossessionof
the subject of dispute, he may attach it until a competent Court has determined the rights of the parties
thereto,orthepersonentitledtopossessionthereof:
4[Provided that 5* * * the Magistrate who has attached the subject of dispute may withdraw the
attachmentofanytimeifheissatisfiedthatthereisnolongeranylikelihoodofabreachofthepeacein
regardtothesubjectofdispute.]

(2)WhentheMagistrateattachesthesubjectofdispute,hemay,ifhethinksfit 4[andifnoreceiverof
theproperty,thesubjectofdispute,hasbeenappointedbyanyCivilCourt]appointareceiverthereof,who,
subjecttothecontroloftheMagistrate,shallhaveallthepowersofareceiverappointedunderunderthe
6[CodeofCivilProcedure,1908]:

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.28.
2 Subs.ibid.,fortheoriginalsubsection(7).
3 Subsections(8),(9)and(10)ins.ibid.
4 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.29.
5 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,ss.4748(w.e.f.1482001).
6 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972,(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forCodeofCivilProcedure.

Page 75 of 319
1[Provided that, in the event of a receiver of the property, the subject of dispute, being subsequently
appointed by any Civil Court, possession shall be made over to him by the receiver appointed by the
Magistrate,whoshallthereuponbedischarged.]

2[147. Disputes concerning rights of use of immovable property, etc.__(1) Whenever any
3[MagistrateoftheFirstClass]issatisfied,fromapolicereportorotherinformation,thatadisputelikelyto
causeabreachofthepeaceexistsregardinganyallegedrightofuserofanylandorwaterasexplainedin
section145,subsection(2)(whethersuchrightsbeclaimedasaneasementorotherwise),withinthelocal
limitsofhisjurisdiction,hemaymakeanorderinwritingstatingthegroundsofhisbeingsosatisfiedand
requiringthepartiesconcernedinsuchdisputetoattendtheCourtinpersonorbypleaderwithinatimeto
befixedbysuchMagistrateandtoputinwritingstatementsoftheirrespectiveclaims,andshallthereafter
inquireintothematterinthemannerprovidedinsection145,andtheprovisionsofthatsectionshall,asfar
asmaybe,beapplicableinthecaseofsuchinquiry.

(2) If it appears to such Magistrate that such right exists, he may make an order prohibiting any
interferencewiththeexerciseofsuchright:

Providedthatnosuchordershallbemadewheretherightisexercisableatalltimesoftheyear,unless
such right has been exercised within three months next before the institution of the inquiry, or where the
rightisexercisableonlyatparticularseasonsoronparticularoccasions,unlesstherighthasbeenexercised
duringthelastofsuchseasonsoronthelastofsuchoccasionsbeforesuchinstitution.

(3)IfitappearstosuchMagistratethatsuchrightdoesnotexist,hemaymakeanorderprohibitingany
exerciseoftheallegedright.

(4)AnorderunderthissectionshallbesubjecttoanysubsequentdecisionofaCivilCourtofcompetent
jurisdiction.]

148. Local inquiry.__(1) Whenever a local inquiry is necessary for the purposes of this Chapter, 4[a
SessionJudge]maydeputeanyMagistratesubordinatetohimtomaketheinquiry,andmayfurnishhimwith
suchwritteninstructionsasmayseemnecessaryforhisguidance,andmaydeclarebywhomthewholeor
anypartofthenecessaryexpensesoftheinquiryshallbepaid.

(2)Thereportofthepersonsodeputedmaybereadasevidenceinthecase.

(3) Order as to costs. When any costs have been incurred by any party to a proceeding under this
Chapter 5***theMagistratepassingadecisionundersection145,section146orSection147maydirect
by whom such costs shall be paid, whether by such party or by any other party to the proceeding, and
whether in whole or in part or proportion. 6[such costs may include any expenses incurred in respect of
witnesses,andofpleaders'fees,whichtheCourtmayconsiderreasonable.]

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972,(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forCodeofCivilProcedure.
2 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.30,fortheoriginalsection147.
3 Omittedbyord.37of2001,ss.4748(w.e.f14082001).
4 Subs.byord.37of2001,s.49(w.e.f14082001).
5 Thewordsforwitness,orpleadersfees,orboth,rep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.31.
6 Subs.ibid.,forAllcostssodirectedtobepaidmayberecoveredasiftheywerefines.

Page 76 of 319
CHAPTERXIII
PREVENTIVEACTIONOFTHEPOLICE

149. Police to prevent cognizable offences.__Every policeofficer may interpose for the purpose of
preventing,andshall,tothebestofhisability,prevent,thecommissionofanycognizableoffence.

150.Informationofdesigntocommitsuchoffences.Everypoliceofficerreceivinginformationofa
designtocommitanycognizableoffenceshallcommunicatesuchinformationtothepoliceofficertowhom
heissubordinate,andtoanyotherofficerwhosedutyitistopreventortakecognizanceofthecommission
ofanysuchoffence.

151.Arresttopreventsuchoffences.__Apoliceofficerknowingofadesigntocommitanycognizable
offencemayarrest,withoutordersfromaMagistrateandwithoutawarrant,thepersonsodesigning,ifit
appearstosuchofficerthatthecommissionoftheoffencecannotbeotherwiseprevented.

152.Preventionofinjurytopublicproperty.Apoliceofficermayofhisownauthorityinterposeto
preventanyinjuryattemptedtobecommittedinhisviewtoanypublicproperty,moveableorimmoveable,
ortheremovalorinjuryofanypubliclandmarkorbuoyorothermarkusedfornavigation.

153.Inspectionofweightsandmeasures.__(1)Anyofficerinchargeofapolicestationmay,withouta
warrant,enteranyplacewithinthelimitsofsuchstationforthepurposeofinspectingorsearchingforany
weightsormeasuresorinstrumentsforweighing,usedorkepttherein,wheneverhehasreasontobelieve
thatthereareinsuchplaceanyweights,measuresorinstrumentsforweighingwhicharefalse.

(2)Ifhefindsinsuchplaceanyweights,measuresorinstrumentsforweighingwhicharefalse,hemay
seizethesame,andshallforthwithgiveinformationofsuchseizuretoaMagistratehavingjurisdiction.

_______

PARTV
INFORMATIONTOTHEPOLICEANDTHEIRPOWERSTOINVESTIGATE

_______

CHAPTERXIV

154. Information in cognizable cases. Every information relating to the commission of a cognizable
offenceifgivenorallytoanofficerinchargeofapolicestation,shallbereducedtowritingbyhimorunder
hisdirection,andbereadovertotheinformantandeverysuchinformation,whethergiveninwritingor
reducedtowritingasaforesaid,shallbesignedbythepersongivingit,andthesubstancethereofshallbe
enteredinabooktobekeptbysuchofficerinsuchformasthe 1[ProvincialGovernment]mayprescribein
thisbehalf[:]2
2[Providedthatiftheinformationisgivenbythewomanagainstwhomanoffenceundersection336B,
section354,section354A,section376orsection509ofthePakistanPenalCode,1860(ActXLVof1860)
isallegedtohavebeencommittedorattempted,thansuchinformationshallberecordedbyaninvestigating
officerinpresenceofafemalepoliceofficerorafemalefamilymemberoranyotherpersonwithconsentof
thecomplainant,asthecasemaybe.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,for"L.G..
2 AddedbyActXLIVof2016,s.8.

Page 77 of 319
Providedfurtherthatiftheinformation,givenbythewomanagainstwhomanoffenceundersection336B,section
354,section354A,section376orsection509ofthePakistanPenalCode,1860(ActXLVof1860)isallegedtohave
beencommittedorattempted,isdistressedsuchinformationshallberecordedbyaninvestigatingofficeratresidence
of the complainant or at a convenient place of the complainant's choice in presence of a police officer or family
memberoranyotherpersonwithconsentofthecomplainant,asthecasemaybe.].

155. Information in noncognizable cases.__(1) When information is given to an officer incharge of a police
stationofthecommissionwithinthelimitsofsuchstationofanoncognizableoffence,heshallenterinabooktobe
keptasaforesaidthesubstanceofsuchinformationandrefertheinformanttotheMagistrate.

(2) Investigation into noncognizable cases. No policeofficer shall investigate a noncognizable case without
theorderofaMagistrateofthefirstorsecondclasshavingpowertotrysuchcase 1[orsendthesamefortrialtothe
CourtofSession].

(3)Anypoliceofficerreceivingsuchordermayexercisethesamepowersinrespectoftheinvestigation(except
thepowertoarrestwithoutwarrant)asanofficerinchargeofapolicestationmayexerciseinacognizablecase.

156.Investigationintocognizablecases._(1)Anyofficerinchargeofapolicestationmay,withouttheorderof
aMagistrate,investigateanycognizablecasewhichaCourthavingjurisdictionoverthelocalareawithinthelimitsof
such station would have power to inquire into or try under the provisions of Chapter XV relating to the place of
inquiryortrial.

(2)Noproceedingofapoliceofficeinanysuchcaseshallatanystagebecalledinquestiononthegroundthat
thecasewasonewhichsuchofficerwasnotempoweredunderthissectiontoinvestigate.

(3)AnyMagistrateempoweredundersection190mayordersuchaninvestigationasabovementioned.

2[(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsections (1), (2) or (3), no policeofficer shall investigate an
offenceundersection497orsection498ofthePakistanPenalCode,exceptuponacomplaintmadebythehusbandof
thewoman,or,inhisabsence,bysomepersonwhohadthecareofsuchwomanonhisbehalfatthetimewhensuch
offencewascommitted.].

3[156A.
Investigation of offence under section 295 C, Pakistan Penal Code. Notwithstanding anything
contained in this Code, no police officer below the rank of a Superintendent of Police shall investigate the offence
againstanypersonallegedtohavebeencommittedbyhimundersection295CofthePakistanPenalCode,1860(Act
XLVof1860).

156B.Investigationagainstawomanaccusedoftheoffenceofzina.___Notwithstandinganythingcontainedin
this Code, where a person is accused of offence of zina under the Offence of zina (Enforcement of Hudood)
Ordinance, 1979 (VII of 1979), no police officer below the rank of a Superintendent of Police shall investigate such
offencenorshallsuchaccusedbearrestedwithoutpermissionofthecourt.

Explanation.Inthissection'zina'doesnotincludezinabiljabr.]

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,fororcommitthesamefortrailorofaPresidencyMagistrate.
2 Subsection(4)addedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
3 Ins.byAct.Iof05,s.13.

Page 78 of 319
157.Procedurewherecognizableoffencesuspected.__(1)If,frominformationreceivedorotherwise,
an officer in charge of a policestation has reason to suspect the commission of an offence which he is
empowered under section 156 to investigate, he shall forthwith send a report of the same to a Magistrate
empoweredtotakecognizanceofsuchoffenceuponapolicereport,andshallproceedinperson,orshall
deputeoneofhissubordinateofficers1[notbeingbelowsuchrankasthe2[ProvincialGovernment]may,by
general or special order, prescribe in this behalf] to proceed, to the spot, to investigate the facts and
circumstancesofthecase,3[and,ifnecessary,totakemeasures]forthediscoveryandarrestoftheoffender:

Providedasfollows:

(a)Wherelocalinvestigationdispensedwith.whenanyinformationastothecommissionofany
such offence is given against any person by name and the case is not of a serious nature, the
officerinchargeofapolicestationneednotproceedinpersonordeputeasubordinateofficer
tomakeaninvestigationonthespot

(b)Wherepoliceofficerinchargeseesnosufficientgroundforinvestigation.ifitappearstothe
officer in charge of a policestation that there is no sufficient ground for entering on an
investigation,heshallnotinvestigatethecase.

(2)Ineachofthecasesmentionedinclauses(a)and(b)oftheprovisotosubsection(1),theofficerin
charge of the policestation shall state in his said report his reasons for not fully complying with the
requirementsofthatsubsection,4[and,inthecasementionedinclause(b),suchofficershallalsoforthwith
notifytotheinformant,ifany,insuchmannerasmaybeprescribedbythe 5[ProvincialGovernment],the
factthathewillnotinvestigatethecaseorcauseittobeinvestigated.]

158.Reportsundersection157howsubmitted.__ (1)EveryreportsenttoaMagistrateundersection
157shall,ifthe5[ProvincialGovernment]sodirects,besubmittedthroughsuchsuperiorofficerofpoliceas
the2[ProvincialGovernment],bygeneralorspecialorder,appointsinthatbehalf.

(2)Suchsuperiorofficermaygivesuchinstructionstotheofficerinchargeofthepolicestationashe
thinksfit,andshall,afterrecordingsuchinstructionsonsuchreport,transmitthesamewithoutdelaytothe
Magistrate.

159.Powertoholdinvestigationofpreliminaryinquiry.SuchMagistrate,onreceivingsuchreport,
maydirectaninvestigationor,ifhethinksfit,atonceproceed,ordeputeanyMagistratesubordinatetohim
toproceed,toholdapreliminaryinquiryinto,orotherwisetodisposeof,thecaseinmannerprovidedinthis
Code.

160. Policeofficer's power to require attendance of witnesses. Any policeofficer making an


investigation under this Chapter may, by order in writing, require the attendance before himself of any
person being within the limits of his own or any adjoining station who, from the information given or
otherwise,appearstobeacquaintedwiththecircumstancesofthecaseandsuchpersonshallattendasso
required.

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.32.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
3 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.32,forandtotakesuchmeasuresasmaybenecessary.
4 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923).S.32.
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.

Page 79 of 319
161.Examinationofwitnessesbypolice.__ (1)Anypoliceofficermakinganinvestigationunderthis
Chapter 1[or any policeofficer not below such rank as the 2[Provincial Government] may, by general or
special order, prescribe in this behalf, acting on the requisition of such officer] may examine orally any
personsupposedtobeacquaintedwiththefactsandcircumstancesofthecase3[:]
3[Provided that a statement of a woman against whom an offence under section 336B, section 354,
section354A,section376orsection509ofthePakistanPenalCode,1860(ActXLVof1860)isallegedto
have been committed or attempted, shall be recorded by an investigating officer in presence of a female
policeofficerorafemalefamilymemberorotherpersonofherchoice.].

(2)Suchpersonshallbeboundtoanswerallquestionsrelatingtosuchcaseputtohimbysuchofficer,
otherthanquestionstheanswerstowhichwouldhaveatendencytoexposehimtoacriminalchargeortoa
penaltyorforfeiture.
4[(3) The policeofficer may reduce into writing any statement made to him in the course of an
examinationunderthissection,andifhedoessoheshallmakeaseparaterecordofthestatement,ofeach
suchpersonwhosestatementherecords.]

5[161A. Legal representation of victim of rape, etc.__ (1) Where an offence under section 354A,
section 376, section 377 or section 377B of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 (Act XLV of 1860) has been
committed or attempted to be committed, the police officer after recording the information under section
154 shall inform the victim, against whom such offences have been committed or attempted to be
committed,ofhisrighttolegalrepresentation.__

(2)Ifthevictimundersubsection(1)requiresfreelegalaidthepoliceofficershallprovidehimthelist
oflawyersmaintainedbytheProvincialBarCouncilsforthispurpose.].

162.Statementstopolicenottobesigneduseofsuchstatementsinevidence.__6[(1)Nostatement
madebyanypersontoapoliceofficerinthecourseofaninvestigationunderthisChaptershall,ifreduced
intowriting,besignedbythepersonmakingitnorshallanysuchstatementoranyrecordthereof,whether
in a policediary or otherwise, or any part of such statement or record, be used for any purpose (save as
hereinafterprovided)atanyinquiryortrialinrespectofanyoffenceunderinvestigationatthetimewhen
suchstatementwasmade:

Providedthat,whenanywitnessiscalledfortheprosecutioninsuchinquiryortrialwhosestatement
has been reduced into writing as aforesaid, the Court shall on the request of the accused, refer to such
writing and direct that the accused be furnished with a copy thereof, in order that any part of such
statement,ifdulyproved,maybeusedtocontradictsuchwitnessinthemannerprovidedbysection145of
theEvidenceAct,1872(Iof1872).

1 Ins.bytheAct,18of1923.
2 Subs,byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
3 AddedbyActXLIVof2016,s.9.
4 Subsection(3)addedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1945,s.2.
5 Ins.byActXLIVof2016,s.10.
6 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.34,fortheoriginalsubsection(1).

Page 80 of 319
Whenanypartofsuchstatementissoused,anypartthereofmayalsobeusedinthereexaminationof
suchwitness,butforthepurposeonlyofexplaininganymatterreferredtoinhiscrossexamination:

Provided,furtherthat,iftheCourtisofopinionthatanypartofanysuchstatementisnotrelevanttothe
subjectmatteroftheinquiryortrialorthatitsdisclosuretotheaccusedisnotessentialintheinterestsof
justiceandisinexpedientinthepublicinterests,itshallrecordsuchopinion(butnotthereasonstherefor)
andshallexcludesuchpartfromthecopyofthestatementfurnishedtotheaccused.]

(2) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to apply to any statement falling within the provisions of
section32,clause(1),oftheEvidenceAct,18721[ortoaffecttheprovisionsofSection27ofthatAct].

163. No inducementtobeoffered.__ (1) No policeofficer or other person in authority shall offer or


make, or cause to be offered or made, any such inducement, threat or promise as is mentioned in the
EvidenceAct,1872(Iof1872),section24.

(2) But no policeofficer or other person shall prevent, by any caution or otherwise, any person from
making in the course of any investigation under this Chapter any statement which he may be disposed to
makeofhisownfreewill.

164.Powertorecordstatementsandconfessions.__ (1) 2[3***,AnyMagistrateofthefirstclassand


anyMagistrateofthesecondclassspeciallyempoweredinthisbehalfbythe4[ProvincialGovernment]may,
ifheisnotapoliceofficer]recordanystatementorconfessionmadetohiminthecourseofaninvestigation
underthisChapteroratanytimeafterwardsbeforethecommencementoftheinquiryortrial.
5[(1A)AnysuchstatementmayberecordedbysuchMagistrateinthepresenceoftheaccused,andthe
accusedgivenanopportunityofcrossexaminingthewitnessmakingthestatement.]

(2) Such statements shall be recorded in such of the manners hereinafter prescribed for recording
evidence as is, in his opinion best fitted for the circumstances of the case. Such confessions shall be
recordedandsignedinthemannerprovidedinsection364,andsuchstatementsorconfessionsshallthenbe
forwardedtotheMagistratebywhomthecaseistobeinquiredintoortried.

(3)6[AMagistrateshall,beforerecordinganysuchconfession,explaintothepersonmakingitthatheis
not bound to make a confession and that if he does so it may be used as evidence against him and no
Magistrate]shallrecordanysuchconfessionunless,uponquestioningthepersonmakingit,hehasreasonto
believethatitwasmadevoluntarilyand,whenherecordsanyconfession,heshallmakeamemorandumat
thefootofsuchrecordtothefollowingeffect:__

1 AddedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act,1941(15of1941),s.2.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.35,forEveryMagistratenotbeingapoliceofficermay.
3 ThewordsAnyPresidencyMagistrate,omittedbyA.O.1949,Sch.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
5 Subsection(1A)addedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.
6 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.35,forNoMagistrate.

Page 81 of 319
["I have explained to (name) that he is not bound to make a confession and that, if he does so, any
1

confession he may make may be used as evidence against him and I believe] that this confession was
voluntarilymade.Itwastakeninmypresenceandhearing,andwasreadovertothepersonmakingitand
admittedbyhimtobecorrect,anditcontainsafullandtrueaccountofthestatementmadebyhim.

(Signed)A.B.,

Magistrate."

Explanation.__ItisnotnecessarythattheMagistratereceivingandrecordingaconfessionorstatement
shouldbeaMagistratehavingjurisdictioninthecase.

2[164A. Medical examination of victim of rape, etc.__ (1) Where an offence of committing rape,
unnatural offence or sexual abuse or attempt to commit rape, unnatural offence or sexual abuse under
section376,section377orsection377BrespectivelyofthePakistanPenalCode,1860(ActXLVof1860)
is under investigation, the victim shall be examined by a registered medical practitioner, in the case of
femalevictimbyafemaleregisteredmedicalpractitioner,immediatelyaftercommissionofsuchoffence:

Providedthatinallcases,wherepossible,thefemalevictimshallbeescortedbyafemalepoliceofficer
orafamilymemberfromaplaceofherconveniencetotheplaceofmedicalexamination.

(2)Theregisteredmedicalpractitionertowhomsuchvictimissentundersubsection(1)shall,without
delay,examinethevictimandprepareareportofexaminationgivingthefollowingparticulars,namely:__

(a)nameandaddressofthevictimandofthepersonbywhomshewasexcorted

(b)ageofthevictim

(c)descriptionofmaterialtakenfrombodyofthevictimforDNAprofiling

(d)marksofinjury,ifany,onbodyofthevictim

(e)generalmentalconditionofthevictimand

(f)othermaterialparticularsinreasonabledetail.

(3)Thereportundersubsection(2)shallstatepreciselythereasonsforeachconclusionarrivedat.

(4)Thereportundersubsection(2)shallspecificallyrecordthatconsentofthevictimorofhisorher
naturalorlegalguardiantosuchexaminationhadbeenobtained.

(5) The exact time of commencement and completion of the examination under subsection (1) shall
alsobenotedinthereport.

1 Subs.ibid.,forIbelieve.
2 Ins.byActXLIVof2016,s.11.

Page 82 of 319
(6) The registered medical practitioner shall, without delay, forward the report to the investigation
officerwhoshallforwardittotheMagistratealongwithotherrequirementsasspecifiedunderclause(a)of
subsection(1)ofsection173.

(7)Nothinginthissectionshallbeconstruedasrenderinglawfulanyexaminationwithoutconsentofthe
victimorofanypersonauthorizedundersubsection(4).

Explanation.__ In this section, "registered medical practitioner"means a medical practitioner who


possessesanyqualificationrecognizedassuchunderthePakistanMedicalandDentalCouncilOrdinance,
1962 (XXXII of 1962) and whose name has accordingly been entered in the Register maintained in this
behalfunderthesaidOrdinanceandhasbeenauthorizedbytheGovernmenttoconductsuchexamination.

164B.DNAtest.__(1)Whereanoffenceundersection376,section377orsection377BofthePakistan
PenalCode,1860(XLVof1860)iscommittedorattemptedtohavebeencommittedorisallegedtohave
been committed, Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid (DNA) samples, where practicable, shall be collected from the
victimwithhisorherconsentorwiththeconsentofhisorhernaturalorlegalguardianandtheaccused
during the medical examination conducted under section 164A within optimal time period of receiving
informationrelatingtocommissionofsuchoffence.

(2)TheDNAsamplecollectedundersubsection(1)shallattheearliestbesentforinvestigationtoa
forensiclaboratorywheretheseshallbeproperlyexaminedandpreserved:

Providedthatconfidentialityofsuchexaminationshallatalltimesbeobserved.].

165. Search by policeofficer.__1[(1) Whenever an officer in charge of a policestation or a police


officer making an investigation has reasonable grounds for believing that anything necessary for the
purposes of an investigation into any offence which he is authorised to investigate may be found in any
placewithinthelimitsofthepolicestationofwhichheisincharge,ortowhichheisattached,andthatsuch
thingcannotinhisopinionbeotherwiseobtainedwithoutunduedelay,suchofficermay,afterrecordingin
writingthegroundsofhisbeliefandspecifyinginsuchwriting,sofaraspossible,thethingforwhichsearch
is to be made, search, or cause search to be made, for such thing in any place within the limits of such
station.[:]2
3[Providedthatnosuchofficershallsearch,orcausesearchtobemade,foranythingwhichisinthe
custody of a bank or banker as defined in the Bankers' Books Evidence Act, 1891 (XVIII of 1891) and
relates,ormightdiscloseanyinformationwhichrelates,tothebankaccountofanypersonexcept,__

(a)forthepurposeofinvestigatinganoffenceundersections403,406,408and409andsections
421 to 424 (both inclusive) and sections 465 to 477A (both inclusive) of the Pakistan Penal
Code,withthepriorpermissioninwritingofaSessionsJudgeand

(b)inothercases,withthepriorpermissioninwritingoftheHighCourt.]

(2)Apoliceofficerproceedingundersubsection(1)shall,ifpracticable,conductthesearchinperson.]

(3)Ifheisunabletoconductthesearchinperson,andthereisnootherpersoncompetenttomakethe
searchpresentatthetime,hemay 4[afterrecordinginwritinghisreasonsforsodoing]requireanyofficer
subordinatetohimtomakethesearch,andheshalldelivertosuchsubordinateofficeranorderinwriting
5[specifyingtheplacetobesearchedand,sofaraspossible,thethingforwhichsearchistobemade]and
suchsubordinateofficermaythereuponsearchforsuchthinginsuchplace.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.36,fortheoriginalsubsections(1)and(2).
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1968(3of1968),s.3,forfullstop(w.e.f.21.5.68).
3 Provisoaddedibid.
4 Ins.,byAct,18of1923,s.36.
5 Subs.ibid.,forspecifyingthedocumentorthingforwhichsearchistobemadeandtheplacetobesearched.

Page 83 of 319
(4) The provisions of this Code as to searchwarrants 1[and the general provisions as to searches
containedinsection102andsection103]shall,sofarmaybe,applytoasearchmadeunderthissection.
2[(5)Copiesofanyrecordmadeundersubsection(1)orsubsection(3)shallforthwithbesenttothe
nearest Magistrate empowered to take cognizance of the offence and the owner or occupier of the place
searchedshallonapplicationbefurnishedwithacopyofthesamebytheMagistrate:

ProvidedthatheshallpayforthesameunlesstheMagistrateforsomespecialreasonthinksfittofurnish
itfreeofcost.]

166.Whenofficerinchargeofpolicestationmayrequireanothertoissuesearchwarrant.__(1)An
officerinchargeofapolicestation3[orapoliceofficernotbeingbelowtherankofsubinspectormakingan
investigation]mayrequireanofficerinchargeofanotherpolicestation,whetherinthesameoradifferent
district,tocauseasearchtobemadeinanyplace,inanycaseinwhichtheformerofficermightcausesuch
searchtobemade,withinthelimitsofhisownstation.

(2)Suchofficer,onbeingsorequired,shallproceedaccordingtotheprovisionsofsection165,andshall
forwardthethingfound,ifany,totheofficeratwhoserequestthesearchwasmade.

[(3)Wheneverthereisreasontobelievethatthedelayoccasionedbyrequiringanofficerinchargeof
4

another policestation to cause a search to be made under subsection (1) might result in evidence of the
commission of an offence being concealed or destroyed, it shall be lawful for an officer in charge of a
policestation or a policeofficer making an investigation under this Chapter to search, or cause to be
searched,anyplaceinthelimitsofanotherpolicestation,inaccordancewiththeprovisionsofsection165,
asifsuchplacewerewithinthelimitsofhisownstation.

(4)Anyofficerconductingasearchundersubsection(3)shallforthwithsendnoticeofthesearchtothe
officerinchargeofthepolicestationwithinthelimitsofwhichsuchplaceissituate,andshallalsosendwith
such notice a copy of the list (if any) prepared under section 103, and shall also send to the nearest
Magistrateempoweredtotakecognizanceoftheoffence,copiesoftherecordsreferredtoinsection165,
subsections(1)and(3).

(5)Theowneroroccupieroftheplacesearchedshall,onapplication,befurnishedwithacopyofany
recordsenttotheMagistrateundersubsection(4):

ProvidedthatheshallpayforthesameunlesstheMagistrateforsomespecialreasonthinksfittofurnish
itfreeofcost.]

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1968(3of1968),s.3,forfullstop(w.e.f.2151968).
2 Ins.,byAct,18of1923,s.36.
3 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.37.
4 SubSections(3)to(5)wereaddedibid.

Page 84 of 319
167.Procedurewheninvestigationcannotbecompletedintwentyfourhours.__(1)Whenever1[any
personisarrestedanddetainedincustody,anditappearsthatthe]investigation2***cannotbecompleted
within the period of twentyfour hours fixed by section 61, and there are grounds for believing that the
accusationorinformationiswellfounded,theofficerinchargeofthepolicestation 3[orthepoliceofficer
makingtheinvestigationifheisnotbelowtherankofsubinspector]shallforthwithtransmittothenearest
Magistrateacopyoftheentriesinthediaryhereinafterprescribedrelatingtothecase,andshallatthesame
timeforwardtheaccused4***tosuchMagistrate.

(2)TheMagistratetowhomanaccusedpersonisforwardedunderthissectionmay,whetherhehasor
hasnotjurisdictiontotrythecasefromtimetotimeauthorizethedetentionoftheaccusedinsuchcustody
assuchMagistratethinksfit,foratermnotexceedingfifteendaysinthewhole.Ifhehasnotjurisdictionto
trythecaseor 5[send]itfortrial,andconsidersfurtherdetentionunnecessary,hemayordertheaccusedto
beforwardedtoaMagistratehavingsuchjurisdiction:
6[Provided that no Magistrate of the third class, and no Magistrate of the second class not specially

empoweredinthisbehalfbythe 7[ProvincialGovernment]shallauthorisedetentioninthecustodyofthe
police.]

(3) A Magistrate authorizing under this section detention in the custody of the police shall record his
reasonsforsodoing.

8[(4)TheMagistrategivingsuchordershallforwardacopyofhisorder,withhisreasonsformakingit,
totheSessionsJudge.].
9[(5)Notwithstandinganythingcontainedinsections60and61orhereinbeforetothecontrary,where
the accused forwarded under subsection (2) is a female, the Magistrate shall not, except in the cases
involving qatl or dacoity supported by reasons to be recorded in writing, authorise the detention of the
accused in police custody, and the police officer making an investigation shall interrogate the accused
referredtoinsubsection(1)intheprisoninthepresenceofanofficerofjailandafemalepoliceofficer.

(6) The officer in charge of the prison shall make appropriate arrangements for the admission of the
investigatingpoliceofficerintotheprisonforthepurposeofinterrogatingtheaccused.

(7)Ifforthepurposeofinvestigation,itisnecessarythattheaccusedreferredtoinsubsection(1)be
takenoutoftheprison,theofficerinchargeofthepolicestationorthepoliceofficermakinginvestigation,
notbelowtherankofsubinspector,shallapplytotheMagistrateinthatbehalfand

1 Subs.ibid.,s.38,foritappearsthatany.
2 ThewordsunderthisChapterrep.,ibid.
3 Ins.ibid.
4 Thewordsandbrackets(ifany)rep.,ibid.
5 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forcommit.
6 Provisioins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.38.
7 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
8 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forsubsection(4).
9 Ins.byActXXof1994,s.2.

Page 85 of 319
theMagistratemay,forthereasonstoberecordedinwriting,permittakingofaccusedoutoftheprisonin
thecompanyofafemalepoliceofficerappointedbytheMagistrate:

Providedthattheaccusedshallnotbekeptoutoftheprisonwhileinthecustodyofthepolicebetween
sunsetandsunrise].

168.Reportofinvestigationbysubordinatepoliceofficer.Whenanysubordinatepoliceofficerhas
madeanyinvestigationunderthisChapter,heshallreporttheresultofsuchinvestigationtotheofficerin
chargeofthepolicestation.

169. Release of accused when evidence deficient. If, upon an investigation under this Chapter, it
appearstotheofficerinchargeofthepolicestation 1[ortothepoliceofficermakingtheinvestigation]that
thereisnotsufficientevidenceorreasonablegroundofsuspiciontojustifytheforwardingoftheaccusedto
aMagistrate,suchofficershall,ifsuchpersonisincustody,releasehimonhisexecutingabond,withor
without sureties, as such officer may direct, to appear, if and when so required, before a
Magistrateempoweredtotakecognizanceoftheoffenceonapolicereportandtotrytheaccusedor2[send]
himfortrial.

170.CasetobesenttoMagistratewhenevidenceissufficient.__(1)If,uponaninvestigationunder
this Chapter, it appears to the officer in charge of the policestation that there is sufficient evidence or
reasonable ground as aforesaid, such officer shall forward the accused under custody to a Magistrate
empoweredtotakecognizanceoftheoffenceuponapolicereportandtotrytheaccusedor2[send]himfor
trialor,iftheoffenceisbailableandtheaccusedisabletogivesecurity,shalltakesecurityfromhimforhis
appearance before such Magistrate on a day fixed and for his attendance from day to day before such
Magistrateuntilotherwisedirected.

(2)WhentheofficerinchargeofapolicestationforwardsanaccusedpersontoaMagistrateortakes
securityforhisappearancebeforesuchMagistrateunderthissection,heshallsendtosuchMagistrateany
weapon or other article which it may be necessary to produce before him, and shall require the
complainant (if any) and so many of the persons who appear to such officer to be acquainted with the
circumstancesofthecaseashemaythinknecessary,toexecuteabondtoappearbeforetheMagistrateas
therebydirectedandprosecuteorgiveevidence(asthecasemaybe)inthematterofthechargeagainstthe
accused.
3
*******
4
*******

(5)Theofficerinwhosepresencethebondisexecutedshalldeliveracopythereoftooneofthepersons
whoexecutedit,andshallthensendtotheMagistratetheoriginalwithhisreport.

171.Complainantsandwitnessesnottoberequiredtoaccompanypoliceofficer.Nocomplainantor
witnessonhiswaytotheCourtoftheMagistrateshallberequiredtoaccompanyapoliceofficer,

1 Ins.byAct,18of1923,s.39.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"commit".
3 Omittedbyordinance12of1972,s.2andSch.
4 Subsection(4)rep.bythecodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt).Act1926(2of1926),s.2.

Page 86 of 319
Complainents and witnesses not to be subjected to restraint. or shall be subjected to unnecessary
restraintorinconvenience,orrequiredtogiveanysecurityforhisappearanceotherthanhisownbond.

Recusant complainant witness may be forwarded in custody. Provided that, if any complainant or
witnessrefusestoattendortoexecuteabondasdirectedinsection170,theofficerinchargeofthepolice
stationmayforwardhimincustodytotheMagistrate,whomaydetainhimincustodyuntilheexecutessuch
bond,oruntilthehearingofthecaseiscompleted.

172.Diaryofproceedingsininvestigation._(1)Everypoliceofficermakinganinvestigationunderthis
Chaptershalldaybydayenterhisproceedingsintheinvestigationinadiary,settingforththetimeatwhich
the information reached him the time at which he began and closed his investigation, the place or places
visitedbyhim,andastatementofthecircumstancesascertainedthroughhisinvestigation.

(2)AnyCriminalCourtmaysendforthepolicediariesofacaseunderinquiryortrialinsuchCourt,
and may use such diaries, not as evidence in the case, but to aid it in such inquiry or trial. Neither the
accusednorhisagentsshallbeentitledtocallforsuchdiaries,norshallheortheybeentitledtoseethem
merelybecausetheyarereferredtobytheCourtbut,iftheyareusedbythepoliceofficerwhomadethem,
torefreshhismemory,oriftheCourt,usesthemforthepurposeofcontradictingsuchpoliceofficer,the
provisions of the Evidence Act, 1872 (I of 1872), section 161 or section 145, as the case may be, shall
apply.

173.Reportofpoliceofficer.__1[(1)EveryinvestigationunderthisChaptershallbecompletedwithout
unnecessarydelay,andassoonasitiscompleted,theofficerinchargeofthepolicestationshall 2[,through
thePublicProsecutor,]

(a) forward to a Magistrate empowered to take cognizance of the offence on a policereport a


report,intheformprescribedbythe 3[ProvincialGovernment],settingforththenamesofthe
parties,thenatureoftheinformationandthenamesofthepersonswhoappeartobeacquainted
with the circumstances of the case, and stating whether the accused (if arrested) has been
forwarded in custody or has been released on his bond, and, if so, whether with or without
sureties,and

(b)communicate,insuchmannerasmaybeprescribedbythe3[ProvincialGovernment],theaction
takenbyhimtotheperson,ifany,bywhomtheinformationrelatingtothecommissionofthe
offencewasfirstgiven[:]2

2[Providedthat,whereinvestigationisnotcompletedwithinaperiodoffourteendaysfromthedateof
recordingofthefirstinformationreportundersection154,theofficerinchargeofthepolicestationshall,
withinthreedaysoftheexpirationofsuchperiod,forwardtotheMagistratethroughthePublicProsecutor,
an interim report in the form prescribed by the Provincial Government stating therein the result of the
investigationmadeuntilthenandthe

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.40,fortheoriginalsubsection(1).
2 Added&subs.byActXXVof1992,s.2.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..

Page 87 of 319
Courtshallcommencethetrialonthebasisofsuchinterimreport,unless,forreasonstoberecorded,the
Courtdecidesthatthetrialshouldnotsocommence.]

(2) Where a superior officer of police has been appointed under section 158, the report shall, in any
cases in which the 1[Provincial Government] by general or special order so directs, be submitted through
that officer, and he may, pending the orders of the Magistrate, direct the officer in charge of the police
stationtomakefurtherinvestigation.

(3)Wheneveritappearsfromareportforwardedunderthissectionthattheaccusedhasbeenreleased
onhisbond,theMagistrateshallmakesuchorderforthedischargeofsuchbondorotherwiseashethinks
fit.
2[(4) A copy of any report forwarded under this section shall, on application, be furnished to the
accusedbeforethecommencementoftheinquiryortrial:

Provided that the same shall be paid for unless the Magistrate for some special reason thinks fit to
furnishitfreeofcost.]

3[(5) Where the officer in charge of a policestation forwards a report under subsection (1), he shall
alongwiththereportproducethewitnessesinthecase,exceptthepublicservants,andtheMagistrateshall
bindsuchwitnessesforappearancebeforehimorsomeotherCourtonthedatefixedfortrial.]

174. Police to inquire and report on suicide, etc.__ (1) The officer in charge of a policestation or
someotherpoliceofficerspeciallyempoweredbythe1[ProvincialGovernment]inthatbehalf,onreceiving
informationthataperson__

(a)hascommittedsuicide,or

(b)hasbeenkilledbyanother,orbyananimal,orbymachinery,orbyanaccident,or

(c) has died under circumstances raising a reasonable suspicion that some other person has
committedanoffence,

shall immediately give intimation thereof to the nearest Magistrate empowered to hold inquests, and,
unless otherwise directed by any rule prescribed by the 1[ProvincialGovernment],4[***] shall proceed to
theplacewherethebodyofsuchdeceasedpersonis,andthere,inthepresenceoftwoormorerespectable
inhabitantsoftheneighbourhood,shallmakeaninvestigation,anddrawupareportoftheapparentcauseof
death,describingsuchwounds,fractures,bruisesandothermarksofinjuryasmaybefoundonthebody
and stating in what manner, or by what weapon or instrument (if any), such marks appear to have been
inflicted.

(2)Thereportshallbesignedbysuchpoliceofficerandotherpersons,orbysomanyofthemasconcur
therein,andshallbeforthwithforwardedtothe4[concerned]Magistrate.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
2 Subsection(4)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.40.
3 AddedbyActXXVof1992,S.2.
4 Subs.andomitted.byOrd.37of2001,S.51(w.e.f14082001).

Page 88 of 319
(3) When there is any doubt regarding the cause of death, or when for any other reason the police
officerconsidersitexpedientsotodo,heshall,subjecttosuchrulesasthe1[ProvincialGovernment]may
prescribeinthisbehalf,forwardthebody,withaviewtoitsbeingexamined,tothenearestCivilSurgeon,or
other qualified medical man appointed in this behalf by the 1[Provincial Government], if the state of the
weatherandthedistanceadmitofitsbeingsoforwardedwithoutriskofsuchputrefactionontheroadas
wouldrendersuchexaminationuseless.
2
*****
3["(5)[TheMagistratesofthefirstclassareempoweredtoholdinquests."]

4[174A. Grievous injury by burns.__ (1) where a person, grievously injured by burns through fire,
keroseneoil,acid,chemicalorbyanyotherway,isbroughttoaMedicalOfficerondutydesignatedbythe
Provincial Government for this purpose or, such incident is reported to the OfficerinCharge of a Police
Station, such Medical Officer on duty, or, as the case may be, OfficerinCharge of Police Station, shall
immediatelygiveintimationthereoftothenearestMagistratessimultaneously,theMedicalOfficeronduty
shallrecordthestatementoftheinjuredpersonimmediatelyonarrivalsoastoascertainthecircumstances
andcauseoftheburninjuries.ThestatementshallalsoberecordedbytheMagistrateincasetheinjured
personisstillinapositiontomakethestatement.

(2)TheMedicalOfficeronduty,or,asthecasemaybe,theMagistrate,beforerecordingthestatement
under subsection (1), shall satisfy himself that the injured person is not under any threat or duress. The
statement so recorded shall be forwarded to the Session Judge and also to the District Superintendent of
PoliceandOfficerinChargeofthePoliceStation,forsuchactionasmaybenecessaryunderthisCode.

(3) If the injured person is unable, for any reason, to make the statement, before the Magistrate, his
statementrecordedbytheMedicalOfficerondutyundersubsection(1)shallbesentinsealedcovertothe
MagistrateorthetrialcourtifitisotherthantheMagistrateandmaybeacceptedinevidenceasadying
declarationiftheinjuredpersonexpires.]

175.Powertosummonpersons.__(1)Apoliceofficerproceedingundersection174may,byorderin
writingsummontwoormorepersonsasaforesaidforthepurposeofthesaidinvestigation,andanyother
personwhoappearstobeacquaintedwiththefactsofthecase.Everypersonsosummonedshallbebound
toattendandtoanswertrulyallquestionsotherthanquestionstheanswerstowhichwouldhaveatendency
toexposehimtoacriminalcharge,ortoapenaltyorforfeiture.

(2)Ifthefactsdonotdiscloseacognizableoffencetowhichsection170applies,suchpersonsshallnot
berequiredbythepoliceofficertoattendaMagistrate'sCourt.

176.InquirybyMagistrateintocauseofdeath.__(1)Whenanypersondieswhileinthecustodyof
the police, the nearest Magistrate empowered to hold inquests shall, and, in any other case mentioned in
section174,clauses(a),(b)and(c)ofsubsection(1),anyMagistratesoempoweredmayholdaninquiry
intothecauseofdeatheitherinsteadof,orinadditionto,theinvestigationheldbythe

1 Subs.byA.O.1937,for"L.G."
2 Subsection(4)omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,S.51(w.e.f14082001).
4 Ins.byOrd.64of2001,S.2.

Page 89 of 319
policeofficer,andifhedoesso,heshallhaveallthepowersinconductingitwhichhewouldhavein
holdinganinquiryintoanoffence.TheMagistrateholdingsuchaninquiryshallrecordtheevidencetaken
byhiminconnectiontherewithinanyofthemannershereinafterprescribedaccordingtothecircumstances
ofthecase.

(2) Power to disinter corpses. Whenever such Magistrate considers it expedient to make an
examinationofthedeadbodyofanypersonwhohasbeenalreadyinterred,inordertodiscoverthecauseof
hisdeath,theMagistratemay,causethebodytobedisinterredandexamined.

PARTVI

PROCEEDINGSINPROSECUTIONS

____________

CHAPTERXV

OFTHEJURISDICTIONOFTHECRIMINALCOURTSININQUIRIESANDTRIALS.

A.__PlaceofInquiryorTrial

177.Ordinaryplaceofinquiryandtrial.Everyoffenceshallordinarilybeinquiredintoandtriedbya
Courtwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionitwascommitted.

178. Power to order cases to be tried in different sessions divisions. Notwithstanding anything
containedinsection177,the 1[ProvincialGovernment]maydirectthatanycasesorclassofcases 2[inany
districtsentfortrialtoaCourtofSessionmaybetriedinanysessionsdivision]:

3[Provided that such direction is not repugnant to any direction previously issued by the High Court
undersection526ofthisCodeoranyotherlawforthetimebeinginforce.]

179.Accusedtriablein,districtwhereactisdoneorwhereconsequenceensues.WhenaPersonis
accused of the Commission of any offence by reason of anything which has been done, and of any
consequencewhichhasensued,suchoffencemaybeinquiredintoortriedbyaCourtwithinthelocallimits
ofwhosejurisdictionanysuchthinghasbeendone,oranysuchconsequencehasensued.

Illustrations

(a)AiswoundedwithinthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionofCourtX,anddieswithinthelocallimits
ofthejurisdictionofCourtZ.TheoffenceoftheculpablehomicideofAmaybeinquiredintoor
triedbyXorZ.

(b)AiswoundedwithinthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionofCourtX,andis,duringtendayswithin
thelocallimitsofthejurisdictionofCourtY,andduringtendaysmorewithinthelocallimitsof
thejurisdictionofCourtZ,unableinthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionofeitherCourtY,or

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2.andSch.,forcommittedfortrialinanydistrictmaybetriedinanysessionsdivision.
3 Subs.ibid.,forProvisowhichhadpreviouslybeenamendedbyAct13of1916,s.2andSch.,A.O,1937,A.O.,1961,Art2andsch.(w.e.f23rdMarch,1956)andA.O.,1964,Art.2andSch.

Page 90 of 319
CourtZ,tofollowhisordinarypursuits.TheoffenceofcausinggrievoushurttoAmaybeinquiredinto
ortriedbyX,YorZ.

(c)AisputinfearofinjurywithinthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionofCourtX,andistherebyinduced,
withinthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionofCourtY,todeliverpropertytothepersonwhoputhiminfear.
TheoffenceofextortioncommittedonAmaybeinquiredintoortriedeitherbyXorY.

(d) A is wounded in the 1[State of Junagadh], and dies of his wounds in 2[Karachi]. The offence of
causingA'sdeathmaybeinquiredintoandtriedin2[Karachi].

180. Place of trial where act is offence by reason of relation to other offence. When an act is an
offencebyreasonofitsrelationtoanyotheractwhichisalsoanoffenceorwhichwouldbeanoffenceif
thedoerwerecapableofcommittinganoffence,achargeofthefirstmentionedoffencemaybeinquired
intoortriedbyaCourtwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictioneitheractwasdone.

Illustrations

(a)AchargeofabetmentmaybeinquiredintoortriedeitherbytheCourtwithinthelocallimitsof
whosejurisdictiontheabetmentwascommitted,orbytheCourtwithinthelocallimitsofwhose
jurisdictiontheoffenceabettedwascommitted.

(b)AchargeofreceivingorretainingstolengoodsmaybeinquiredintoortriedeitherbytheCourt
withinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthegoodswerestolen,orbyanyCourtwithinthe
locallimitsofwhosejurisdictionanyofthemwereatanytimedishonestlyreceivedorretained.

(c)AchargeofwrongfullyconcealingapersonknowntohavebeenKidnappedmaybeinquireinto
ortriedbytheCourtwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthewrongfulconcealing,orby
theCourtwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthekidnapping,tookplace.

181.Beingathugorbelongingtoagangofdacoits,escapefromcustody,etc.__ (1)Theoffenceof
beingathug,ofbeingathugandcommittingmurder,ofdacoity,ofdacoitywithmurder,ofhavingbelonged
toagangofdacoits,orofhavingescapedfromcustody,maybeinquiredintoortriedbyaCourtwithinthe
locallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthepersonchargedis.

(2) Criminal misappropriation and criminal breach of trust. The offence of criminal
misappropriation or of criminal breach of trust may be inquired into or tried by a Court within the local
limits of whose jurisdiction any part of the property which is the subject of the offence was received or
retainedbytheaccusedperson,ortheoffencewascommitted.

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.,forNativeStateofBaroda(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955).
2 Subs.ibid.,forPoona(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955).

Page 91 of 319
[(3) Theft. The offence of theft, or any offence which includes theft or the possession of stolen
1

property,maybeinquiredintoortriedbyaCourtwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionsuchoffence
wascommittedorthepropertystolenwaspossessedbythethieforbyanypersonwhoreceivedorretained
thesameknowingorhavingreasontobelieveittobestolen.]

(4)Kidnappingandabduction.Theoffenceofkidnappingorabductionmaybeinquiredintoortried
byaCourtwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthepersonkidnappedorabductedwaskidnappedor
abductedorwasconveyedorconcealedordetained.

182. Place of inquiry or trial where scene of offence is uncertain or not in one district only or
whereoffenceiscontinuingorconsistsofseveralacts.Whenitisuncertaininwhichofseverallocalareas
anoffencewascommitted,or

whereanoffenceiscommittedpartlyinonelocalareaandpartlyinanother,or

whereanoffenceisacontinuingone,andcontinuestobecommittedinmorelocalareasthanone,or

whereitconsistsofseveralactsdoneindifferentlocalareas,itmaybeinquiredintoortriedbyaCourt
havingjurisdictionoveranyofsuchlocalareas.

183.Offencecommittedonajourney.An offence committed whilst the offender is in the course of


performingajourneyorvoyagemaybeinquiredintoortriedbyaCourtthroughorintothelocallimitsof
whosejurisdictiontheoffender,orthepersonagainstwhom,orthethinginrespectofwhich,theoffence
wascommitted,passedinthecourseofthatjourneyorvoyage.

184. [Offences against Railway, Telegraph, Post Office and Arms Acts.] Rep. by the Federal Laws
(RrevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(XXVIof1951),s.3andSecondSchedule.

[185.HighCourttodecide,incaseofdoubt,districtwhereinquiryortrialshalltakeplace.__(1)
2

WheneveraquestionariseastowhichoftwoormoreCourtssubordinatetothesameHighCourtoughtto
inquireintoortryanyoffence,itshallbedecidedbythatHighCourt.

(2) Where two or more Courts not subordinate to the same High Court have taken cognizance of the
sameoffence,theHighCourtwithinthelocallimitsofwhoseappellatecriminaljurisdictiontheproceedings
werefirstcommencedmaydirectthetrialofsuchoffendertobeheldinanyCourtsubordinatetoit,andifit
sodecidesallotherproceedingsagainstsuchpersoninrespectofsuchoffenceshallbediscontinued.Ifsuch
HighCourt,uponthematterhavingbeenbroughttoitsnotice,doesnotsodecide,anyotherHighCourt,
withinthelocallimitsofwhoseappellatecriminaljurisdictionsuchproceedingsarependingmaygivealike
direction,anduponitssodoingallothersuchproceedingsshallbediscontinued.]

186. Power to issue summons or warrant for offence committed beyond local jurisdiction.
Magistrate'sprocedureonarrest.__(1)When3***,4***aMagistrateofthefirstclass,seesreasonto
believe that any person within the local limits of his jurisdiction has committed without such limits
(whetherwithinorwithout

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.42,fortheoriginalsubsection(3).
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.43,fortheoriginalsection185.
3 ThewordsapresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
4 Omitted.byOrd.37of2001,s.52(w.e.f14082001).

1[Pakistan]) an offence which cannot,


Page under
92 ofthe
319provisions of sections 177 to 184 (both
1[Pakistan])an offence which cannot, under the provisions of sections 177 to 184 (both
inclusive), or any other law for the time being in force, be inquired into or tried within such local
limits,butisundersomelawforthetimebeinginforcetriablein 1[Pakistan],suchMagistratemay
inquireintotheoffenceasifithadbeencommittedwithinsuchlocallimitsandcompelsuchperson
in manner hereinbefore provided to appear before him, and send such person to the Magistrate
having jurisdiction to inquire into or try such offence, or, if such offence is bailable, take a bond
withorwithoutsuretiesforhisappearancebeforesuchMagistrate.

(2) When there are more Magistrates then one having such jurisdiction and the Magistrate
actingunderthissectioncannotsatisfyhimselfastotheMagistratetoorbeforewhomsuchperson
shouldbesentorboundtoappear,thecaseshallbereportedfortheordersoftheHighCourt.

187. Procedure where warrant issued by subordinate Magistrate.__ (1) If the person has
beenarrestedunderawarrantissuedundersection186 2[,theMagistrateissuingthewarrantshall
sendthearrestedpersontotheSessionsJudge]towhomheissubordinate,unlesstheMagistrate
having jurisdiction to inquire into or try such offence issues his warrant for the arrest of such
person, in which case the person arrested shall be delivered to the policeofficer executing such
warrantorshallbesenttotheMagistratebywhomsuchwarrantwasissued.

(2) If the offence which the person arrested is alleged or suspected to have committed, is
onewhichmaybeinquiredintoortriedbyanyCriminalCourtinthesamedistrictotherthanthat
oftheMagistrateactingundersection186,suchMagistrateshallsendpersontosuchCourt.

188. 3[Liability for offences committed outside Pakistan.] When a 4[citizen of Pakistan]
commitsanoffenceatanyplacewithoutandbeyondthelimitsof5[Pakistan],or
6******

whenaservantofthe 7[State(whetheracitizenofPakistanornot)]commitsanoffencein 8[a


tribalarea],9[or

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forbyaMagistrateotherthanaDistrictMagistrate,suchMagistrateshallsendthepersonarrestedtotheDistrictorSub
divisionalMagistrate",whichwasamendedbyA.O.1949,Sch.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forthemarginalheading(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
4 Subs.ibid(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),forBritishsubjectdomiciledinPakistan,whichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949Sch.,forNativeIndiansubjectofHerMajesty.
5 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.2and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14thOctober,1955),for"theProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,which
hadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
6 ThewordswhenanyBritishsubjectcommitsanoffencein[anAccedingStateortribalarea],oromittedbyA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).Thewordsin
crotchetsweresubs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,fortheterritoriesofanyNativePrinceorChiefinIndia.
7 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forQueen(whetheraBritishsubjectornot)(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
8 Subs.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.2andSecondSch.,foranAccedingStateortribalareawhichhadbeensubs.byA.O,1949,Sch.forthe
territoriesofanyNativePrinceorChiefinIndia.
9 Ins.bytheoffecncesonShipsandAircraftAct,1940(4of1940),s.3.

Page 93 of 319
whenanypersoncommitsanoffenceonanyshiporaircraftregisteredin 1[Pakistan]whereveritmay
be,]

he may be dealt with in respect of such offence as if it had been committed at any place within
1[Pakistan]atwhichhemaybefound:

PoliticalAgentstocertifyfitnessofinquiryintocharge.Providedthat 2[notwithstandinganythingin
any of the preceding sections of this Chapter] no charge as to any such offence shall be inquired into in
1[Pakistan]unlessthePoliticalAgent,ifthereisone,fortheterritoryinwhichtheoffenceisallegedtohave

beencommitted,certifiesthat,inhisopinion,thechargeoughttobeinquiredintoin1[Pakistan]and,where
thereisnoPoliticalAgent,thesanctionofthe3[FederalGovernment]shallberequired:

Provided,also,thatanyproceedingstakenagainstanypersonunderthissectionwhichwouldbeabarto
subsequent proceedings against such person for the same offence if such offence had been committed in
1[Pakistan]shallbeabartofurtherproceedingsagainsthimunder 4[the 5[Extradition Act, 1972 (XXI of

1972)]],inrespectofthesameoffenceinanyterritorybeyondthelimitsof1[Pakistan].

189.Powertodirectcopiesofdepositionsandexhibitstobereceivedinevidence.Wheneverany
such offence as is referred to in section 188 is being inquired into or tried, the 6[Provincial Government]
may,ifitthinksfit,directthatcopiesofdepositionsmadeorexhibitsproducedbeforethePoliticalAgentor
a judicial officer in or for the territory in which such offence is alleged to have been committed shall be
receivedasevidencebytheCourtholdingsuchinquiryortrialinanycaseinwhichsuchCourtmightissuea
commissionfortakingevidenceastothematterstowhichsuchdepositionsorexhibitsrelate.

B.ConditionsrequisiteforInitiationofProceedings

7[190. Cognizance of offences by Magistrates.[(1) All Magistrates of the first class, or any other
MagistratespeciallyempoweredbytheProvincialGovernmentontherecommendationoftheHighCourt,
maytakecognizanceofanyoffence__

(a)uponreceivingacomplaintoffactswhichconstitutesuchoffence

(b)uponareportinwritingofsuchfactsmadebyanypoliceofficer

(c) upon information received from any person other than a police officer, or upon his own
knowledgeorsuspicion

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.44.
3 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andSch.,forProvincialGovernment,whichwaspreviouslyamendedbyA.O.,1937,forL.G..
4 Subs.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1927(10of1927),s.2andSch.I,fortheForeignJurisdictionandExtraditionAct,1879.
5 Subs.byOrd.27of1981,s.3and2ndSch.,forExtraditionAct,1903.
6 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
7 Subs.,renumberredandomittedbyOrd.37of2001,s.5354(w.e.f.1482001).

Page 94 of 319
thatsuchoffencehasbeencommittedwhichhemaytryorsendtotheCourtofSessionsfortrial.]

1[191.Transferonapplicationofaccused.WhenaMagistratetakescognizanceofanoffenceunder
subsection (1), clause (c) of the preceding section, the accused shall, before any evidence is taken, be
informed that he is entitled to have the case tried by another Court, and, if the accused, or any of the
accusediftherebemorethanone,objectstobeingtriedbysuchMagistrate,thecaseshall,insteadofbeing
tried by such Magistrate, be sent to 2[* * *] to the Sessions Judge 2[* * *] for transfer to another
Magistrate.]

[192. Transfer of cases.__ A Session Judge may empower any Judicial Magistrate, who has taken
3

cognizanceofanycase,totransfersuchcasefortrialtoanyotherJudicialMagistrateinhisdistrict,and
suchMagistratemaydisposeofthecaseaccordingly.]

193.CognizanceofoffencesbyCourtsofSession._(1)Exceptasotherwiseexpresslyprovidedbythis
Code or by any other law for the time being in force, no Court of Session 4shall take cognizance of any
offenceasaCourtoforiginaljurisdiction5[unlessthecasehasbeensenttoitundersection190,subsection
3[(2)].

(2)AdditionalSessionsJudgesandAssistantSessionsJudgesshalltrysuchcasesonlyasthe6[Provincial
Government] by general or special order may direct them to try, or 7* * * as the Sessions Judge of the
division,bygeneralorspecialorder,maymakeovertothemfortrial.

194.CognizanceofoffencesbyHighCourt.__(1)TheHighCourtmaytakecognizanceofanyoffence
8
***inmannerhereinafterprovided.

[NothinghereincontainedshallbedeemedtoaffecttheprovisionsofanyLettersPatentorOrderby
9

whichaHighCourtisconstitutedorcontinued,oranyotherprovisionofthisCode.]

10******

195.11[(1)NoCourtshalltakecognizance__

(a)Prosecutionforcontemptoflawfulauthorityofpublicservants.ofanyoffencepunishableunder
sections172to188ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),exceptonthecomplaintinwritingofthe
publicservantconcerned,orofsomeotherpublicservanttowhomheissubordinate

1 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.,asamendedbyAct23of1997.
2 Subs.,renumberedandomittedbyOrd.37of2001,ss.5354(w.e.f.1482001).
3 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.5556(w.e.f14082001).
4 AstoprocedureofcourtsofsessioninBalochistan,seeBritishBalochistanCrinimalJusticeRegulation,1896(8of1896).ThisProcedure,however,doesnotaffectthecodeinitsapplicationto
EuropeanBritishSubjects,seetheregulationreferredto.
5 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,for"unlesstheaccusedhasbeencommittedtoitbyaMagistratedulyempoweredinthatbehalf".
6 Subs.byA.O.,1937,for"L.G.".
7 Thewords"inthecaseofAssistantSessionsJudges"rep.bythecodeofcriminalproceudre(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.46.
8 TheWords"uponacommitmentmadetoit"omittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.
9 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)ord.,1960(21of1960),s.3.and2ndsch.(w.e.f14101955)fortheoriginalsecondparagraph,asamendedbytheAmendingAct1916(13of1916),s.2
andsch.,andA.O.,1937,toreadasabove.
10 Subsection(2)asamendedbyA.O.,1937,hasbeenomittedbyFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.
11 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.47,fortheoriginalsubsection(1).

Page 95 of 319
(b) Prosecution for certain offences against public justice. of any offence punishable
underanyofthefollowingsectionsofthesameCode,namely,sections193,194,195,
196,199,200,205,206,207,208,209,210,211and228,whensuchoffenceisalleged
tohavebeencommittedin,orinrelationto,anyproceedinginanyCourt,exceptonthe
complaint in writing of such Court or of some other Court to which such Court is
subordinateor

(c) Prosecution for certain offences relating to documents given in evidence. of any
offencedescribedinsection463orpunishableundersection471,section475orsection
476ofthesameCode,whensuchoffenceisallegedtohavebeencommittedbyaparty
toanyproceedinginanyCourtinrespectofadocumentproducedorgiveninevidence
insuchproceeding,exceptonthecomplaintinwritingofsuchCourt,orofsomeother
CourttowhichsuchCourtissubordinate.]

(2) In clauses (b) and (c) of subsection (1), the term "Court" 1[includes] a Civil, Revenue or
Criminal Court, but does not include a Registrar or SubRegistrar under the 2[Registration Act,
1908(XVIof1908)].
3[(3)Forthepurposesofthissection,aCourtshallbedeemedtobesubordinatetotheCourtto
whichappealsordinarilyliefromtheappealabledecreesorsentencesofsuchformerCourt,orin
thecaseofaCivilCourtfromwhosedecreesnoappealordinarilyliestotheprincipalCourthaving
ordinary original civil jurisdiction within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such Civil Court is
situate:

Providedthat__

(a) where appeals lie to more than one Court, the Appellate Court of inferior jurisdiction
shallbetheCourttowhichsuchCourtshallbedeemedtobesubordinateand

(b)whereappealslietoaCivilandalsotoaRevenueCourt,suchCourtshallbedeemedto
be subordinate to the Civil or Revenue Court according to the nature of the case or
proceedinginconnectionwithwhichtheoffenceisallegedtohavebeencommitted.]
4[(4)]Theprovisionsofsubsection(1),withreferencetotheoffencesnamedtherein,applyalso
to 5[criminal conspiracies to commit such offences and to] the abetment of such offences, and
attemptstocommitthem.

1 Subs.ibid.,formeans.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSchforIndianRegistrationAct,1877."
3 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.47fortheoriginalsubsection(7),renumberedassubsection(3).
4 Theoriginalsubsection(3)wasrenumberedassubsection(4)bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923)s.47.
5 Ins.bytheCriminalLawAmendementAct,1913(8of1913),s.4.

Page 96 of 319
[(5) Where a complaint has been made under subsection (1), clause (a), by a public servant, any
1

authoritytowhichsuchPublicservantissubordinatemayorderthewithdrawalofthecomplaintand,ifit
doesso,itshallforwardacopyofsuchordertotheCourtand,uponreceiptthereofbytheCourt,nofurther
proceedingsshallbetakenonthecomplaint.]

[196. Prosecution for offences against the State. No Court shall take cognizance of any offence
2

punishableunderChapterVI 3[orIXA]ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860)(exceptsection127),or
punishableundersection108A,orsection153A,orsection294A, 4[orsection295A]orsection505ofthe
sameCode,unlessuponcomplaintmadebyorderof,orunderauthorityfrom,5[the 6[FederalGovernment],
or the Provincial Government concerned, or some officer empowered in this behalf by either of the two
Governments.]

[196A.Prosecutionforcertainclassesofcriminalconspiracy.NoCourtshalltakecognizanceofthe
7

offenceofcriminalconspiracypunishableundersection120BofthePakistanPenalCode,(XLVof1860).

(1)inacasewheretheobjectoftheconspiracyistocommiteitheranillegalactotherthananoffence,
or a legal act by illegal means, or an offence to which the provisions of section 196 apply, unless upon
complaint made by order or under authority from 5[the 6[Federal Government], or the Provincial
Governmentconcerned,orsomeofficerempoweredinthisbehalfbyeitherofthetwoGovernments],or

(2) in a case where the object of the conspiracy is to commit any noncognizable offence, or a
cognizableoffencenotpunishablewithdeath, 8[imprisonmentforlife]orrigorousimprisonmentforaterm
of two years or upwards, unless the 9[Provincial Government], or a 10* * * 11[Officerincharge of the
prosecution in the district] empowered in this behalf by the 9[Provincial Government], has, by order in
writing,consentedtotheinitiationoftheproceedings:

Provided that where the criminal conspiracy is one to which the provisions of subsection 12[(4)] of
section195applynosuchconsentshallbenecessary.]

[196B. Preliminary inquiry in certain cases. In the case of any offence in respect of which the
13

provisionsofsection196orsection196Aapply,11[officerinchargeoftheinvestigationinthedistrict] ** 14

* may, notwithstanding anything contained in those sections or in any other part of this Code, order a
preliminary investigation by a policeofficer not being below the rank of Inspector, in which case such
policeofficershallhavethepowersreferredtoinsection155,subsection(3).]

1 Theoriginalsubsections(4),(5)and(6)wererep.andthenewsubsection(5)wasins.byAct18of1923,s.47.
2 ThissectionhasbeenamendedinSindbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SindAmdt.)Act,1947(SindAct43of1947),andintheN.W.F.PbytheCriminalProcedure(ElectionOffences)(N.W.F.P.
Amdt.)Act,1938(N.W.F.P.Act8of1938).
InthePunjabthissectionhasbeenamnendedbythePunjabCriminalProcedure(ElectionOffencesAmdt.)Act,1936(PunjabIof1936).
3 Ins.bytheIndianElectionsOffencesandInquiriesAct,1920(39of1920),s.3.
4 Ins.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1927(25of1927),s.3.
5 TheoriginalwordstheG.G.inC.,theL.G.,orsomeofficerempoweredbytheG.G.inC.inthisbehalf"havesuccessivelybeenamendedbyA.O.,1937andtheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)
Ordinance,1960(48of1960),ss.2and3,respectively,toreadasabove.
6 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andTable,forCentralGovernment.
7 S.196Awasins.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1913(8of1913)s.5.
8 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransportation(w.e.f13472).
9 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
10 ThewordsChiefPresidencyMagistrateoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
11 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,ss.5758(w.e.f.14082001).
12 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.48,for(3).
13 S.196Bwasins.ibid.,s.49.
14 ThewordsorChiefPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.

Page 97 of 319
197. Prosecution of Judges and public servants.__1[(1) When any person who is a Judge within the
meaning of section 19 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860), or when any Magistrate, or when any
public servant who is not removable from his office save by or with the sanction of 2[the 3[Federal
Government]oraProvincialGovernment],isaccused of any offence alleged to have been committed by
himwhileactingorpurportingtoactinthedischargeofhisofficialduty,noCourtshalltakecognizanceof
suchoffenceexceptwiththe4[previoussanction__

(a) in the case of a person employed in connection with the affairs of the 5[Federation] of the
6
[President]7***and

(b)inthecaseofapersonemployedinconnectionwiththeaffairsofaProvince,oftheGovernorof
thatProvince7***.]].

(2)PowerofPresidentorGovernorastoprosecution. 8[The 6[President] orGovernor,asthecase


may be, 7* * *, may determine the person by whom, the manner in which, the offence or offences for
which,theprosecutionofsuchJudge, 9[Magistrate]orpublicservantistobeconducted,andmayspecify
theCourtbeforewhichthetrialistobeheld.
10
*******
11198. Prosecution for breach of contract, defamation and offences against marriage. No Court
shalltakecognizanceofanoffencefallingunderChapterXIXorChapterXXIofthePakistanPenalCode
(XLVof1860) or under sections 493 to 496 (both inclusive) of the same Code, except upon a complaint
madebysomepersonaggrievedbysuchoffence:
12[Provided that, where the person so aggrieved is a woman who, according to the customs and
mannersofthecountry,oughtnottobecompelledtoappearinpublic,orwheresuchpersonisunderthe
ageofeighteenyearsorisanidiotorlunatic,orisfromsicknessorinfirmityunabletomakeacomplaint,
someotherpersonmay,withtheleaveoftheCourt,makeacomplaintonhisorherbehalf:]

[Providedfurtherthatwherethehusbandaggrievedbyanoffenceundersection494ofthesaidCode
13

is serving in any of 14[the armed forces of Pakistan] under conditions which are certified by 15[the
CommandingOfficer]asprecludinghimfromobtainingleaveofabsencetoenablehimtomakeacomplaint
in person, some other person authorised by the husband in accordance with the provisions of subsection
(1)ofsection199Bmay,withtheleaveoftheCourt,makeacomplaintonhisbehalf.]

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.50,fortheoriginalsubsection(1).
2 Subs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,fora[ProvincialGovernment]orsomehigherauthority.Thewordsinbracketshadbeensubs.forLocalGovernmentbyA.O.,1937.
3 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andTable,forCentralGovernment.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forprevioussanctionoftheL.G..
5 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andTable,forCentrewhichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1964,Art.2andSch.,forFederation.
6 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2,forGovernorGeneral(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
7 ThewordsexercisinghisindividualjudgmentomittedbyG.G.O.20of1947,Art.6.
8 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forSuchGovt..
9 Ins.byAct18of1923,s.50.
10 Subsection(3)whichhadbeenins.byA.O.,1937,omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
11 ThissectionhasbeenamendedintheN.W.F.P.bytheN.W.F.P.Act26of1950,s.11.
12 Provisoins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.51.
13 ProvisoaddedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act,1943(28of1943),s.2.
14 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forHisMajestysarmedforces(Witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
15 Subs.ibid.,forHisCommandingOfficer(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).

Page 98 of 319
[198A. Prosecution for defamation against public servants in respect of their conduct in the
1

discharge of public functions.__(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Code, when any offence
fallingunderChapterXXIofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860)isallegedtohavebeamcommitted
againstthePresident,thePrimeMinister,aFederalMinister,MinisterofState,Governor,ChiefMinisteror
ProvincialMinisteroranypublicservantemployedinconnectionwiththeaffairsoftheFederationorofa
Province, in respect of his conduct in the discharge of his public functions, a Court of Session may take
cognizanceofsuchoffence,withouttheaccusedbeingcommittedtoitfortrial,uponacomplaintinwriting
madebythePublicProsecutor.

(2) Every such complaint shall set forth the facts which constitute the offence alleged, the nature of
such offence and such other particulars as are reasonably sufficient to give notice to the accused of the
offenceallegedtohavebeencommittedbyhim.

(3)Nocomplaintundersubsection(1)shallbemadebythePublicProsecutorexceptwiththeprevious
sanction,__

(a) in the case of the President or the Prime Minister or a Governor, or any Secretary to the
Governmentauthorisedbyhiminthisbehalf

(b)inthecaseofaFederalMinisterorMinisterofState,ChiefMinisterorProvincialMinister,of
anySecretarytotheGovernmentauthorisedinthisbehalfbytheGovernmentconcerned

(c)inthecaseofanypublicservantemployedinconnectionwiththeaffairsoftheFederationorof
aProvince,oftheGovernmentconcerned.

(4)NoCourtofSessionshalltakecognizanceofanoffenceundersubsection(1),unlessthecomplaint
ismadewithinsixmonthsfromthedateonwhichtheoffenceisallegedtohavebeencommitted.

(5) When the Court of Session takes cognizance of an offence under subsection (1), then,
notwithstandinganythingcontainedinthisCode,theCourtofSessionshalltrythecasewithouttheaidofa
juryorassessorsandintryingthecaseshallfollowtheprocedureprescribedforthetrialbyMagistratesof
warrantcasesinstitutedotherwisethanonapolicereport.

(6)Theprovisionsofthissectionshallbeinadditionto,andnotinderogationof,thoseofsection198.]

199.Prosecutionforadulteryorenticingamarriedwoman. 3[NoCourtshalltakecognizanceofan
2

offenceundersection497orsection498ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),except__

1 Newsection198Ains.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.(w.e.f.24474).
2 S.199hasbeenomittedintheN.W.F.P.bytheN.W.F.P.Act26of1950,s.12.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forcertainwords.

Page 99 of 319

(a)uponareportinwritingmadebyapoliceofficeronthecomplaintofthehusbandofthewoman,or
inhisabsence,bysomepersonwhohadcareofsuchwomanonhisbehalfatthetimewhensuchoffence
wascommittedor

(b)uponacomplaintmadebythehusbandofthewomanor,inhisabsence,madewiththeleaveofthe
Court by some person who had care of such woman on his behalf at the time when such offence was
committed.]

[Providedthat,wheresuchhusbandisundertheageofeighteenyears,orisanidiotorlunatic,oris
1

fromsicknessorinfirmityunabletomakeacomplaint,someotherpersonmay,withtheleaveoftheCourt,
makeacomplaintonhisbehalf:]

[Providedfurtherthatwheresuchhusbandisservinginanyof 3[the armed forcesofPakistan]under


2

conditions which are certified by his Commanding Officer as precluding him from obtaining leave of
absence to enable him to make a complaint in person, and where for any reason no complaint has been
madebyapersonhavingcareofthewomanasaforesaid,someotherpersonauthorisedbythehusbandin
accordancewiththeprovisionsofsubsection(1)ofsection199Bmay,withtheleaveoftheCourt,makea
complaintonhisbehalf.]

[199A.Objectionbylawfulguardiantocomplaintbypersonotherthanpersonaggrived.Whenin
4

anycasefallingundersection198orsection199,thepersononwhosebehalfthecomplaintissoughttobe
made is under the age of eighteen years or is a lunatic, and the person applying for leave has not been
appointedordeclaredbycompetentauthoritytobetheguardianofthepersonofthesaidminororlunatic,
and the Court is satisfied that there is a guardian so appointed or declared, notice shall be given to such
guardian,andtheCourtshall,beforegrantingtheapplication,givehimareasonableopportunityofobjecting
tothegrantingthereof.]

5[199B.Formofauthorisationundersecondprovisotosection198or199.__(1)Theauthorisationof
ahusbandgiventoanotherpersontomakeacomplaintonhisbehalfunderthesecondprovisotosection
198 or the second proviso to section 199 shall be in writing, shall be signed or otherwise attested by the
husband,shallcontainastatementtotheeffectthathehasbeeninformedoftheallegationsuponwhichthe
complaintistobefounded,shallbecountersignedbytheOfficerreferredtointhesaidprovisos,andshall
beaccompaniedbyacertificatesignedbythatOfficertotheeffectthatleaveofabsenceforthepurposeof
makingacomplaintinpersoncannotforthetimebeingbegrantedtothehusband.

1 Ins.byAct18of1923,s.52.
2 ProvisoaddedbyAct28of1943,s.3.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forHisMajestysarmedforces(witheffectfrom23rdMarch,1956).
4 Section199Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.53.ThissectionhasbeenamendedintheN.W.F.P.bytheN.W.F.P.Act26of1950,s.13.
5 S.199Bins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act1943,(28of1943),s.4.ThissectionhasbeenomittedintheN.W.F.P.bytheN.W.F.P.Act26of1950,s.13.

Page 100 of 319


(2) Any document purporting to be such an authorisation and complying with the provisions of sub
section(1),andanydocumentpurportingtobeacertificaterequiredbythatsubsectionshall,unlessthe
contraryisproved,bepresumedtobegenuine,andshallbereceivedinevidence.]

______

CHAPTERXVI

OFCOMPLAINTSTOMAGISTRATES

200.Examinationofcomplainant: 1***,aMagistratetakingcognizanceofanoffenceoncomplaint
shallatonceexaminethecomplainantuponoath,andthesubstanceoftheexaminationshallbereducedto
writingandshallbesignedbythecomplainant,andalsobytheMagistrate:

Providedasfollows:_

(a) when the complaint is made in writing, nothing herein contained shall be deemed to require a
Magistrate to examine the complainant before transferring the case under section 192, 2[or
sendingittotheCourtofSession]

3[(aa)whenthecomplaintismadeinwritingnothinghereincontainedshallbedeemedtorequire
theexaminationofacomplainantinanycaseinwhichthecomplainthasbeenmadebyaCourt
orbyapublicservantactingorpurportingtoactinthedischargeofhisofficialduties]

4*****

(c)whenthecasehasbeentransferredundersection192andtheMagistratesotransferringithas
alreadyexaminedthecomplainant,theMagistratetowhomitissotransferredshallnotbe
boundtoreexaminethecomplainant.

201.ProcedurebyMagistratenotcompetenttotakecognizanceofthecase.__(1)Ifthecomplaint
has been made in writing to a Magistrate who is not competent to take cognizance of the case, he shall
returnthecomplaintforpresentationtotheproperCourtwithanendorsementtothateffect.

(2)Ifthecomplainthasnotbeenmadeinwriting,suchMagistrateshalldirectthecomplainanttothe
properCourt.

[202.Postponementofissueofprocess.__(1) Any Court, on receipt of a complaint of an offence of


5

whichitisauthorisedtotakecognizance,orwhichhasbeensenttoitundersection190,subsection(3),or
transferredtoitundersection191orsection192,may,ifitthinksfit,forreasonstoberecorded,postpone
theissueofprocessforcompellingtheattendanceofthepersoncomplainedagainstandeitherinquireinto
thecaseitselfordirectanyinquiryorinvestigationto

1 ThewordsandfiguresSubjecttotheprovisionsofsection476rep.byAct18of1923,s.54.
2 AddedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
3 Clause(aa)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.54.
4 Clause(b)omittedbyA.O.1949,Sch.
5 Section202whichwasamendedbyAct18of1923,s.55,theCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1926(2of1926)s.4,hasbeensubs.byOrd.12of1972s.2andSch.

Page 101 of 319


bemadeby1[anyJusticeofthePeace,orby]apoliceofficer,orbysuchotherpersonasitthinksfit,forthe
purposeofascertainingthetruthorfalsehoodofthecomplaint:

Provided that, save where the complaint has been made by a Court, no such direction shall be made
unlessthecomplainanthasbeenexaminedonoathundertheprovisionsofsection200.

(2)ACourtofSessionmay,insteadofdirectinganinvestigationundertheprovisionsofsubsection(1),
directtheinvestigationtobemadebyanyMagistratesubordinatetoitforthepurposeofascertainingthe
truthorfalsehoodofthecomplaint.

(3)IfanyinquiryorinvestigationunderthissectionismadebyapersonnotbeingaMagistrate, 1[or
JusticeofthePeace]orapoliceofficer,suchpersonshallexerciseallthepowersconferredbythisCodeon
anofficerinchargeofapolicestation,exceptthatheshallnothavepowertoarrestwithoutwarrant.

(4)AnyCourtinquiringintoacaseunderthissectionmay,ifitthinksfit,takeevidenceofwitnesseson
oath,]

203.Dismissalofcomplaint.The 2[Court]beforewhomacomplaintismadeortowhomithasbeen
transferred 3[orsent]maydismissthecomplaint,if, 4[afterconsideringthestatementonoath(ifany)ofthe
complainant and the result of 5[the investigation] or inquiry 6[(if any)] under section 202] there is in his
judgmentnosufficientgroundforproceeding.Insuchcasesheshallbrieflyrecordhisreasonsforsodoing.
7[203A.ComplaintincaseofZina.__(1)Nocourtshalltakecognizanceofanoffenceundersection5
of the Offence of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, 1979 (VII of 1979), except on a complaint
lodgedinaCourtofcompetentjurisdiction.

(2) The Presiding Officer of a Court taking cognizance of an offence on a complaint shall at once
examine, on oath, the complainant and at least four Muslim, adult male eyewitnesses, about whom the
Courtissatisfiedhavingregardtotherequirementoftazkiyahalshahood,that,

theyaretruthfulpersonsandabstainfrommajorsins(kabair),oftheactofpenetrationnecessarytothe
offence:

Providedthat,iftheaccusedisanonMuslim,theeyewitnessesmaybenonMuslims.

Explanation.__Inthissection"tazkiyahalshahood"meansthemodeofinquiryadoptedbyaCourtto
satisfyitselfastothecredibilityofawitness.

(3) The substance of the examination of the complainant and the eye witnesses shall be reduced to
writingandshallbesignedbythecomplainantandtheeyewitnesses,asthecasemaybe,andalsobythe
PresidingOfficeroftheCourt.

1 Ins.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forMagistrate.
3 Ins.ibid.
4 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.55,forafterexaminingthecomplainantandconsideringtheresultoftheinvestigation(ifany)madeundersection202.
5 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1926(2of1926),s.5,foranyinvestigation.
6 Ins.ibid.
7 Ins.byActVIof2006,s.8.

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(4)IfintheopinionofthePresidingOfficerofaCourt,thereissufficientgroundforproceeding,the
Courtshallissuesummonsforthepersonalattendanceoftheaccused.

(5) The Presiding Officer of a Court before whom a complaint is made or to whom it has been
transferredmaydismissthecomplaint,if,afterconsideringthestatementsonoathofthecomplainantand
the four or more eyewitnesses there is, in his judgment, no sufficient ground for proceeding and in such
caseheshallrecordhisreasonsforsodoing.

203B.ComplaintincaseofQazf.__(1)Subjecttosubsection(2)ofsection6oftheOffenceofQazf
(EnforcementofHadd)Ordinance,1979(VIIIof1979),noCourtshalltakecognizanceofanoffenceunder
section7ofthesaidOrdinance,exceptonacomplaintlodgedinaCourtofcompetentjurisdiction.

(2) The Presiding Officer of a Court taking cognizance of an offence on a complaint shall at once
examine on oath the complainant and the witnesses as mentioned in section 6 of the Offence of Qazf
(EnforcementofHadd)Ordinance,1979(VIIIof1979)oftheactofQazfnecessarytotheoffence.

(3)Thesubstanceofthe,examinationofthecomplainantandthewitnessesshallbereducedtowriting
and shall be signed by the complainant and the witnesses, as the case may be, and also by the Presiding
OfficeroftheCourt.

(4) If in the opinion of the Presiding Officer of a Court, there is sufficient ground for proceeding the
Courtshallissuesummonsforthepersonalattendanceoftheaccused.

(5) The Presiding Officer of a Court before whom a complaint is made or to whom it has been
transferredmaydismissthecomplaint,if,afterconsideringthestatementsonoathofthecomplainantand
thewitnessesthereis,inhisjudgment,nosufficientgroundforproceedingandinsuchcaseheshallrecord
hisreasonsforsodoing.

203C. Complaint in case of fornication.__(1) No court shall take cognizance of an offence under
section 496A of the Pakistan Penal Code, except on a complaint lodged in a Court of competent
Jurisdiction.

(2)ThePresidingOfficerofaCourttakingcognizanceofanoffenceshallatonceexamineonoaththe
complainantandatleasttwoeyewitnessestotheactoffornication.

(3) The substance of the examination of the complainant and the eyewitnesses shall be reduced to
writing and shall be signed by the complainant and the witnesses, as the case may be, and also by the
PresidingOfficeroftheCourt.

(4) If in the opinion of the Presiding Officer of a Court, there is sufficient ground for proceeding the
Courtshallissueasummonsforthepersonalattendanceoftheaccused:

Provided that the Presiding Officer of a Court shall not require the accused to furnish any security
exceptapersonalbond,withoutsureties,toensureattendancebeforetheCourtinfurtherproceedings.

Page 103 of 319


(5) The Presiding Officer of a Court before whom a complaint is made or to whom it has been
transferredmaydismissthecomplaint,if,afterconsideringthestatementsonoathofthecomplainantand
thewitnessesthereis,inhisjudgment,nosufficientgroundforproceedingandinsuchcaseheshallrecord
hisreasonsforsodoing.

(6)Notwithstandingtheforegoingprovisionsoranythingcontainedinanyotherlawforthetimebeing
inforcenocomplaintunderthissectionshallbeentertainedagainstanypersonwhoisaccusedofzinaunder
section5oftheOffenceofZina(EnforcementofHudood)Ordinance,1979(OrdinanceNo.VIIof1979)
andagainstwhomacomplaintundersection203AofthisCodeispendingorhasbeendismissedorwhohas
been acquitted or against any person who is a complainant or a victim in a case of rape, under any
circumstanceswhatsoever.]

_________
CHAPTERXVII

OFTHECOMMENCEMENTOFPROCEEDINGSBEFORE1[COURTS]

204. Issues of process.__(1) If in the opinion of a 2[Court] taking cognizance of an offence there is
sufficientgroundforproceeding,andthecaseappearstobeoneinwhich,accordingtothefourthcolumnof
thesecondschedule,asummonsshouldissueinthefirstinstance, 3[it]shallissue*[his]summonsforthe
attendance of the accused. If the case appears to be one in which, according to that column, a warrant
shouldissueinthefirstinstance, 3[it]mayissueawarrant,or,if 3[it]thinksfit,asummons,forcausingthe
accused to be brought or to appear at a certain time before such 2[Court]or (if 3[it] has not jurisdiction
4[itself])someother2[Court]havingjurisdiction.

(2)Nothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoaffecttheprovisionsofsection90.

1 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forMagistrate.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forMagistrate.
3 Subs.ibid.,forhe.
4 Subs.ibid.,forhimself.
*Sic.shouldread"its".

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(3)Whenbyanylawforthetimebeinginforceanyprocessfeesorotherfeesarepayable,noprocess
shallbeissueduntilthefeesarepaid,and,ifsuchfeesarenotpaidwithinareasonabletime,the 1[Court]
maydismissthecomplaint.

205. Magistrate may dispense with personal attendance of accused._(1) Whenever a Magistrate
issuesasummons,hemay,ifheseesreasonssotodo,dispensewiththepersonalattendanceoftheaccused,
andpermithimtoappearbyhispleader.

(2) But the Magistrate inquiring into or trying the case may, in his discretion, at any stage of the
proceedings, direct the personal attendance of the accused, and, if necessary, enforce such attendance in
mannerhereinbeforeprovided.

2[CHAPTERXVIII.__OfInquiryintoCasestriablebytheCourtofSessionorHighCourt.]Omitted
byTheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(XIIof1972),s.2andSch.

CHAPTERXIX
OFTHECHARGE
FormofCharges

221.Chargetostateoffence.__(1)EverychargeunderthisCodeshallstatetheoffencewithwhichthe
accusedischarged.

(2)Specificnameofoffencesufficientdescription.Ifthelawwhichcreatestheoffencegivesitany
specificname,theoffencemaybedescribedinthechargebythatnameonly.

(3)Howstatedwhereoffencehasnospecificname.Ifthelawwhichcreatestheoffencedoesnotgive
itanyspecificname,somuchofthedefinitionoftheoffencemustbestatedastogivetheaccusednoticeof
thematterwithwhichheischarged.

(4)Thelawandsectionofthelawagainstwhichtheoffenceissaidtohavebeencommittedshallbe
mentionedinthecharge.

(5)Whatimpliedincharge.Thefactthatthechargeismadeisequivalenttoastatementthatevery
legalconditionrequiredbylawtoconstitutetheoffencechargedwasfulfilledintheparticularcase.
3
[(6)Languageofcharge.ThechargeshallbewritteneitherinEnglishorinthelanguageoftheCourt.]

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andsch.,forMagistrate.
2 ChapterXVIIIwaspreviouslyamendedbytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(12of1923),s.9,A.O.,1949,Sch.,CodeofCriminalPrecedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.57andA.O,
1937.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,fortheOriginalsubsection(6).

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(7)Previousconvictionwhentobesetout.Iftheaccused 1[havingbeenpreviouslyconvictedofany
offence, is liable, by reason of such previous conviction, to enhanced punishment ,or to punishment of a
differentkind,forasubsequentoffence,anditisintendedtoprovesuchpreviousconvictionforthepurpose
ofaffectingthepunishmentwhichtheCourtmaythinkfittoawardforthesubsequentoffence,]thefact,
date and place of the previous conviction shall be stated in the charge. If such statement 2[has been
omitted,]theCourtmayadditatanytimebeforesentenceispassed.

Illustrations

(a)AischargedwiththemurderofB.ThisisequivalenttoastatementthatA'sactfellwithinthe
definition of murder given in sections 299 and 300 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLVI of
1860).thatitdidnotfallwithinanyofthegeneralexceptionsofthesameCodeandthatitdid
notfallwithinanyofthefiveexceptionstosection300,orthat,ifitdidfallwithinException1,
oneorotherofthethreeprovisostothatexceptionapplytoit.

(b) A is charged, under section 326 of the Pakistan Penal Code, (XLV of 1860) with voluntarily
causing grievous hurt to B by means of an instrument for shooting. This is equivalent to a
statementthatthecasewasnotprovidedforbysection335ofthePakistanPenalCode,andthat
thegeneralexceptionsdidnotapplytoit.

(c)Aisaccusedofmurder,cheating,theft,extortion,adultery or criminal intimidation, or using a


false propertymark. The charge may state that A committed murder, or cheating, or theft, or
extortion, or adultery, or criminal intimidation, or that he used a false propertymark, without
reference to the definitions of those crimes contained in the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of
1860)butthesectionsunderwhichtheoffenceispunishablemust,ineachinstance,bereferred
tointhecharge.

(d) A is charged, under section 184 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860) with
intentionallyobstructingasaleofpropertyofferedfor sale by the lawful authority of a public
servant.Thechargeshouldbeinthosewords.

222.ParticularsastotimePlaceandperson.__(1)Thechargeshallcontainsuchparticularsastothe
timeandplaceoftheallegedoffence,andtheperson(ifany)againstwhom,orthething(ifany)inrespect
ofwhich,itwascommitted,asarereasonablysufficienttogivetheaccusednoticeofthematterwithwhich
heischarged.

(2)Whentheaccusedischargedwithcriminalbreachoftrustordishonestmisappropriationofmoney,it
shall be sufficient to specify the gross sum in respect of which the offence is alleged to have been
committed,andthedatesbetweenwhichtheoffenceisallegedtohavebeencommitted,withoutspecifying
particular items or exact dates, and the charge so framed shall be deemed to be a charge of one offence
withinthemeaningofsection234:

Providedthatthetimeincludedbetweenthefirstandlastofsuchdatesshallnotexceedoneyear.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923)s.61,for"hasbeenpreviouslyconvictedofanyoffence,anditisintendedtoprovesuchpreviousconvictionforthe
purposeofaffectingthepunishmentwhichthecourtiscompetenttoaward".
2 Subs.ibid.,forisomitted.

Page 106 of 319


223. When manner of committing offence must be stated. When the nature of the case is
suchthattheparticularsmentionedinsections221and222donotgivetheaccusedsufficientnotice
ofthematterwithwhichheischarged,thechargeshallalsocontainsuchparticularsofthemanner
inwhichtheallegedoffencewascommittedaswillbesufficientforthatpurpose.

Illustrations

(a)Aisaccusedofthetheftofacertainarticleatacertaintimeandplace.Thechargeneed
notsetoutthemannerinwhichthetheftwaseffected.

(b) A is accused of cheating B at a given time and place. The charge must set out the
mannerinwhichAcheatedB.

(c) A is accused of giving false evidence at a given time and place. The charge must set
outthatportionoftheevidencegivenbyAwhichisallegedtobefalse.

(d)AisaccusedofobstructingB,apublicservant,inthedischargeofhispublicfunctionsat
agiventimeandplace.ThechargemustsetoutthemannerinwhichAobstructedBin
thedischargeofhisfunctions.

(e)AisaccusedofthemurderofBatagiventimeandplace.Thechargeneednotstatethe
mannerinwhichAmurderedB.

(f) A is accused of disobeying a direction of the law with intent to save B from
punishment.Thechargemustsetoutthedisobediencechargedandthelawinfringed.

224. Words in charge taken in sense of law under which offence is punishable. Inevery
charge words used in describing an offence shall be deemed to have been used in the sense
attachedtothemrespectivelybythelawunderwhichsuchoffenceispunishable.

225. Effect of errors. No error in stating either the offence or the particulars required to be
statedinthecharge,andnoomissiontostatetheoffenceorthoseparticulars,shallberegardedat
anystageofthecaseasmaterial,unlesstheaccusedwasinfactmisledbysucherrororomission,
andithasoccasionedafailureofjustice.

Illustrations

(a)Aischargedundersection242ofthePakistanPenalCode,(XLVof1860)with"having
been in possession of counterfeit coin, having known at the time when he became
possessedthereofthatsuchcoinwascounterfeit,"theword"fraudulently"beingomitted
inthecharge.UnlessitappearsthatAwasinfactmisledbythisomission,theerrorshall
notberegardedasmaterial.

Page 107 of 319


(b)AischargedwithcheatingB,andthemannerinwhichhecheatedBisnotsetoutinthe
charge, or is set out incorrectly. A defends himself, calls witnesses and gives his own
accountofthetransaction.TheCourtmayinferfromthisthattheomissiontosetoutthe
mannerofthecheatingisnotmaterial.

(c)AischargedwithcheatingB,andthemannerinwhichhecheatedBisnotsetoutinthe
charge. There were many transactions between A and B, and A had no means of
knowingtowhichofthemthechargereferred,andofferednodefence.TheCourtmay
inferfromsuchfactsthattheomissiontosetoutthemannerofthecheatingwas,inthe
case,amaterialerror.

(d)AischargedwiththemurderofKhodaBakhshonthe21stJanuary1882.Infact,the
murdered person's name was Haider Baksh, and the date of the murder was the 20th
January 1882. A was never charged with any murder but one, and had heard the
1[trial], which referred exclusively to the case of Haider Baksh. The Court may infer
fromthesefactsthatAwasnotmisled,andthattheerrorinthechargewasimmaterial.

(e) A was charged with murdering Haider Baksh on the 20th January 1882, and Khuda
Baksh (who tried to arrest him for that murder) on the 21st January 1882. When
charged for the murder of Haider Baksh, he was tried for the murder of Khoda
Baksh. The witnesses present in his defence were witnesses in the case of Haider
Baksh.TheCourtmayinferfromthisthatAwasmisled,andthattheerrorwasmaterial.
2226.
[Procedure on commitment without charge or with imperfect charge.] [Omitted by
theLawReformsOrdinance,1972(XIlof1972),s.2andsch.

227. Court may alter charge.(1) Any Court may alter or add to any charge at any time
beforejudgmentispronounced.3***.

(2)Everysuchalterationoradditionshallbereadandexplainedtotheaccused.

228. When trial may proceed immediately after alteration. If the charge framed or
alterationoradditionmadeunder 4***section227issuchthatproceedingimmediatelywiththe
trial is not likely, in the opinion of the Court, to prejudice the accused in his defence or the
prosecutor in the conduct of the case, the Court may, in its discretion, after such charge or
alteration or addition has been framed or made, proceed with the trial as if the new or altered
chargehadbeentheoriginalcharge.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forInquirybeforetheMagistrate.
2 Section226wasamendedbyA.O.,1961,Art2andSch.
3 Thecommasandwords,or,inthecaseoftrialsbeforethecourtofSessionorHighCourt,beforetheverdictofthejuryisreturnedortheopinionsoftheassessorsareexpressedomittedby
Ord.12of1972,s.2andSch.
4 Thewords"section226or"omitted,ibid.

Page 108 of 319


229.Whennewtrialmaybedirected,ortrialsuspended.If the new or altered or added charge is
suchthatproceedingimmediatelywiththetrialislikely,intheopinionoftheCourt,toprejudicetheaccused
ortheprosecutorasaforesaid,theCourtmayeitherdirectanewtrialoradjournthetrialforsuchperiodas
maybenecessary.

230. Stay of proceedings if prosecution of offence in altered charge require previous sanction. If
the offence stated in the new or altered or added charge is one for the prosecution of which previous
sanctionisnecessary,thecaseshallnotbeproceededwithuntilsuchsanctionisobtained,unlesssanction
hasbeenalreadyobtainedforaprosecutiononthesamefactsasthoseonwhichtheneworalteredchargeis
founded.

231.Recallofwitnesseswhenchargealtered.WheneverachargeisalteredoraddedtobytheCourt
after the commencement of the trial, the prosecutor and the accused shall be allowed to recall or re
summon, and examine with reference to such alteration or addition, any witness who may have been
examined,andalsotocallanyfurtherwitnesswhomtheCourtmaythinktobematerial.

232.Effectofmaterialerror.(1)IfanyAppellateCourt,ortheHighCourt 1[,ortheCourtofSession]
intheexerciseofitspowersofrevisionorofitspowersunderChapterXXVII,isofopinionthatanyperson
convictedofanoffencewasmisledinhisdefencebytheabsenceofachargeorbyanerrorinthecharge,it
shalldirectanewtrialtobehaduponachargeframedinwhatevermanneritthinksfit.

(2)IftheCourtisofopinionthatthefactsofthecasearesuchthatnovalidchargecouldbepreferred
againsttheaccusedinrespectofthefactsproved,itshallquashtheconviction.

Illustration

A is convicted of an offence, under section 196 of the Pakistan Penal Code, (XLV of 1860) upon a
chargewhichomitstostatethatheknewtheevidence,whichhecorruptlyusedorattemptedtouseastrue
orgenuine,wasfalseorfabricated.IftheCourtthinksitprobablethatAhadsuchknowledge,andthathe
wasmisledinhisdefencebytheomissionfromthechargeofthestatementthathehadit,itshalldirecta
new trial upon an amended charge but, if it appears probable from the proceedings that A had no such
knowledge,itshallquashtheconviction.

Joinderofcharges

233.Separatechargesfordistinctoffences.Foreverydistinctoffenceofwhichanypersonisaccused
there shall be a separate charge, and every such charge shall be tried separately, except in the cases
mentionedinsections234,235,236and239.

Illustration

Aisaccusedofatheftononeoccasion,andofcausinggrievoushurtonanotheroccasion.Amustbe
separatelychargedandseparatelytriedforthetheftandcausinggrievoushurt.

1 Ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.

Page 109 of 319


234. Three offences of same kind within year may be charged together.(1) When a person is
accusedofmoreoffencesthanoneofthesamekindcommittedwithinthespaceoftwelvemonthsfromthe
firsttothelastofsuchoffences, 1[whetherinrespectofthesamepersonornot],hemaybechargedwith,
andtriedatonetrialfor,anynumberofthemnotexceedingthree.

(2)Offencesareofthesamekindwhentheyarepunishablewiththesameamountofpunishmentunder
thesamesectionofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860)orofanyspecialorlocallaw:

[Providedthat,forthepurposeofthissection,anoffencepunishableundersection379ofthePakistan
2

Penal Code (XLV of 1860) shall be deemed to be an offence of the same kind as an offence punishable
undersection380ofthesaidCode,andthatanoffencepunishableunderanysectionofthePakistanPenal
Code(XLVof1860),orofanyspecialorlocallaw,shallbedeemedtobeanoffenceofthesamekindasan
attempttocommitsuchoffence,whensuchanattemptisanoffence.]

235.Trialformorethanoneoffence.(1)If,inoneseriesofactssoconnectedtogetherastoformthe
sametransaction,moreoffencesthanonearecommittedbythesameperson,hemaybechargedwith,and
triedatonetrialfor,everysuchoffence.

(2)Offencefallingwithintwodefinitions.Iftheactsallegedconstituteanoffencefallingwithintwoor
moreseparatedefinitionsofanylawinforceforthetimebeingbywhichoffencesaredefinedorpunished,
thepersonaccusedofthemmaybechargedwith,andtriedatonetrialfor,eachofsuchoffences.

(3) Acts constituting one offence, but constituting when combined a different offence. If several
acts,ofwhichoneormorethanonewouldbyitselforthemselvesconstituteanoffence,constitutewhen
combinedadifferentoffence,thepersonaccusedofthemmaybechargedwith,andtriedatonetrialfor,the
offenceconstitutedbysuchactswhencombined,andforanyoffenceconstitutedbyanyone,ormore,of
suchacts.

(4)NothingcontainedinthissectionshallaffectthePakistanPenalCode,(XLVof1860)section71.

Illustrations

tosubsection(1)

(a)ArescuesB,apersoninlawfulcustody,andinsodoingcausesgrievoushurttoC,aconstablein
whosecustodyBwas.Amaybechargedwith,andconvictedof,offencesundersections225
and333ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860).

(b)Acommitshousebreakingbydaywithintenttocommitadultery,andcommitsinthehouseso
entered adultery with B's wife. A may be separately charged with, and convicted of, offences
undersections454and497ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860).

(c) A entices B, the wife of C, away from C, with intent to commit adultery with B, and then
commitsadulterywithher.Amaybeseparatelychargedwith,andconvictedof,offencesunder
sections498and497ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860).

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.62.
2 Provisoins.,ibid.

Page 110 of 319


(d)Ahasinhispossessionseveralseals,knowingthemtobecounterfeitandintendingtousethem
for the purpose of committing several forgeries punishable under section 466 of the Pakistan
PenalCode.Amaybeseparatelychargedwith,andconvictedof,thepossessionof,eachseal
undersection473ofthePakistanPenalCode.

(e) With intent to cause injury to B, A institutes a criminal proceeding against him, knowing that
there is no just or lawful ground for such proceeding and also falsely accuses B of having
committedanoffence,knowingthatthereisnojustorlawfulgroundforsuchcharges.Amaybe
separatelychargedwith,andconvictedof,twooffencesundersection211ofthePakistanPenal
Code.

(f)A,withintenttocauseinjurytoB,falselyaccuseshimofhavingcommittedanoffence,knowing
thatthereisnojustorlawfulgroundforsuchcharge.Onthetrial,Agivesfalseevidenceagainst
B, intending thereby to cause B to be convicted of a capital offence. A may be separately
chargedwithandconvictedof,offencesundersections211and194ofthePakistanPenalCode.

(g)A,withsixothers,commitstheoffencesofrioting,grievoushurtandassaultingapublicservant
endeavouring in the discharge of his duty as such to suppress the riot. A may be separately
chargedwith,andconvictedof,offencesundersections147,325and152ofthePakistanPena!
Code.

(h)AthreatensB,CandDatthesametimewithinjurytotheirpersonswithintenttocausealarmto
them. A may be separately charged with, and convicted of, each of the three offences under
section506ofthePakistanPenalCode.

TheseparatechargesreferredtoinIllustrations(a)to(h)respectivelymaybetriedatthesame
time.

tosubsection(2)__

(i)AwrongfullystrikesBwithacane.Amaybeseparatelychargedwith,andconvictedof,
offencesundersections352and323ofthePakistanPenalCode.

(j)SeveralstolensacksofcornaremadeovertoAandB,whoknowtheyarestolenproperty,for
thepurposeofconcealingthem.AandBthereuponvoluntarilyassisteachothertoconcealthe
sacksatthebottomofagrainpit.AandBmaybeseparatelychargedwith,andconvictedof,
offencesundersections411and414ofthePakistanPenalCode.

(k)Aexposesherchildwiththeknowledgethatsheistherebylikelytocauseitsdeath.Thechild
dies in consequence of such exposure. A may be separately charged with, and convicted of,
offencesundersections317and304ofthePakistanPenalCode.

(l) A dishonestly uses a forged document as genuine evidence, in order to convict B, a public
servant, of an offence under section 167 of the Pakistan Penal Code. A may be separately
charged with, and convicted of, offences under sections 471 (read with 466) and 196 of the
sameCode.

Page 111 of 319


tosubsection(3)__

(m)AcommitsrobberyonB,andindoingsovoluntarilycauseshurttohim.Amaybeseparately
chargedwith,andconvictedof,offencesundersections323,392and394ofthePakistanPenal
Code.

236.Whereitisdoubtfulwhatoffencehasbeencommitted.Ifasingleactorseriesofactsisofsuch
a nature that it is doubtful which of several offences the facts which can be proved will constitute, the
accusedmaybechargedwithhavingcommittedalloranyofsuchoffences,andanynumberofsuchcharges
maybetriedatonceorhemaybechargedinthealternativewithhavingcommittedsomeoneofthesaid
offences.

Illustrations

(a) A is accused of an act which may amount to theft, or receiving stolen property, or criminal
breach of trust or cheating. He may be charged with theft, receiving stolen property, criminal
breach of trust and cheating, or he may be charged with having committed theft, or receiving
stolenproperty,orcriminalbreachoftrustorcheating.

(b)AstatesonoathbeforetheMagistratethathesawBhitCwithaclub.BeforetheSessionsCourt
A states on oath that B never hit C. A may be charged in the alternative and convicted of
intentionally giving false evidence, although it cannot be proved which of these contradictory
statementswasfalse.

237.Whenapersonischargedwithoneoffence,hecanbeconvictedofanother.(1)If,inthecase
mentioned in section 236, the accused is charged with one offence, and it appears in evidence that he
committedadifferentoffenceforwhichhemighthavebeenchargedundertheprovisionsofthatsection,he
maybeconvictedoftheoffencewhichheisshowntohavecommitted,althoughhewasnotchargedwithit.
1******

Illustration

Aischargedwiththeft.Itappearsthathecommittedtheoffenceofcriminalbreachoftrust,orthatof
receivingstolengoods.Hemaybeconvictedofcriminalbreachoftrustorofreceivingstolengoods(asthe
casemaybe)thoughhewasnotchargedwithsuchoffence.

238.Whenoffenceprovedincludedinoffencecharged.(1)Whenapersonischargedwithanoffence
consisting of several particulars, a combination of some only of which constitutes, a complete minor
offence,andsuchcombinationisproved,thattheremainingparticularsarenotproved,hemaybeconvicted
oftheminoroffence,thoughhewasnotchargedwithit.

(2)Whenapersonischargedwithanoffenceandfactsareprovedwhichreduceittoaminoroffence,
hemaybeconvictedoftheminoroffence,althoughheisnotchargedwithit.

1 Subsection(2)rep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendment)Act,1923(18of1923),s.63.

Page 112 of 319


[(2A)Whenapersonischargedwithanoffence,hemaybeconvictedofanattempttocommitsuch
1

offencealthoughtheattemptisnotseparatelycharged.]

(3) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to authorize a conviction of any offence referred to in
section198orsection199whennocomplainthasbeenmadeasrequiredbythatsection.

Illustrations

(a)Aischarged,undersection407ofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),withcriminalbreach
of trust in respect of property entrusted to him as a carrier. It appears, that he did commit
criminalbreachoftrustundersection406inrespectoftheproperty,butthatitwasnotentrusted
tohimasacarrier.Hemaybeconvictedofcriminalbreachoftrustundersection406.

(b) A is charged, under section 325 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860), with causing
grievoushurt.Heprovesthatheactedongraveandsuddenprovocation.Hemaybeconvicted
undersection335ofthatCode.

[239. What persons may be charged jointly. The following persons may be charged and tried
2

together,namely:__

(a)personsaccusedofthesameoffencecommittedinthecourseofthesametransaction

(b) persons accused of an offence and persons accused of abetment, or of an attempt to commit
suchoffence

(c)personsaccusedofmorethanoneoffenceofthesamekind,withinthemeaningofsection234
committedbythemjointlywithintheperiodoftwelvemonths

(d)personsaccusedofdifferentoffencescommittedinthecourseofthesametransaction

(e)personsaccusedofanoffencewhichincludestheft,extortion,orcriminalmisappropriation,and
personsaccusedofreceivingorretaining,orassistinginthedisposalorconcealmentof,property
possessionofwhichisallegedtohavebeentransferredbyanysuchoffencecommittedbythe
firstnamedpersons,orofabetmentoforattemptingtocommitanysuchlastnamedoffence

(f)persons accused of offences under sections 411 and 414 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of
1860)oreitherofthosesectionsinrespectofstolenpropertythepossessionofwhichhasbeen
transferredbyoneoffenceand

(g)personsaccusedofanyoffenceunderChapterXIlofthePakistanPenalCode(XLV of 1860)
relatingtocounterfeitcoin,andpersonsaccusedofanyotheroffenceunderthesaid

1 Subsection(2A)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.64.
2 Subs.ibid.,s.65,fororiginals.239.

Page 113 of 319


Chapterrelatingtothesamecoin,orofabetmentoforattemptingtocommitanysuchoffence

andtheprovisionscontainedintheformerpartofthisChaptershall,sofarasmaybe,applytoallsuch
charges.]

240. Withdrawal of remaining charges on conviction on one of several charges. When a charge
containingmoreheadsthanoneisframedagainstthesameperson,andwhenaconvictionhasbeenhadon
oneormoreofthem,thecomplainant,ortheofficerconductingtheprosecution,may,withtheconsentof
theCourt,withdrawtheremainingchargeorcharges,ortheCourtofitsownaccordmaystaytheinquiry
into,ortrialof,suchchargeorcharges.Suchwithdrawalshallhavetheeffectofanacquittalonsuchcharge
or charges, unless the conviction be set aside, in which case the said Court (subject to the order of the
Court setting aside the conviction) may proceed with the inquiry into or trial of the charge or charges so
withdrawn.

______________

CHAPTERXX

OFTHETRIALOF1[CASES]BYMAGISTRATES

241. 2[Procedure in trial of cases]. The following procedure shall be observed by Magistrates in the
trialof1[cases.]

[241A. Supply of statements and documents to the accused.(1) In all cases instituted upon police
3

report, except those tried summarily or punishable with fine or imprisonment not exceeding six months,
copies of statements of all witnesses recorded under sections 161 and 164 and of the inspection
noterecordedbyaninvestigationofficeronhisfirstvisittotheplaceofoccurrence,shallbesuppliedfree
ofcosttotheaccusednotlessthansevendaysbeforethecommencementofthetrial:

Providedthat,ifanypartofthestatementrecordedundersection161issuchthatitsdisclosuretothe
accusedwouldbeinexpedientinthepublicinterest,suchpartofthestatementshallbeexcludedfromthe
copyofthestatementfurnishedtotheaccused.

(2)Inallcasesinstituteduponacomplaintinwriting,thecomplainantshall,__

(a)stateinthepetitionofcomplaintthesubstanceoftheaccusation,thenamesofhiswitnessesand
thegistoftheevidencewhichheislikelytoadduceatthetrialand

(b)withinthreedaysoftheorderoftheCourtundersection204forissueofprocesstotheaccused,
file in the Court for supply to the accused, as many copies of the complaint and any other
documentwhichhehasfiledwithhiscomplaintasthenumberoftheaccused:

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.forsummonscases.
ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,see,para2offootntoe3onp.40,supra.
2 Subs.ibid.,forProcedureinsummonscases.
3 Ins.ibid.

Page 114 of 319


Providedthattheprovisionsofthissubsectionshallnotapplyinanycaseinwhichthecomplainthas
been made by a Court or by a public servant acting or purporting to act in the discharge of his official
duties].
1[242.Chargetobeframed.WhentheaccusedappearsorisbroughtbeforetheMagistrate,aformal
charge shall be framed relating to the offence of which he is accused and he shall be asked whether he
admitsthathehascommittedtheoffencewithwhichheischarged.].

243.Convictiononadmissionoftruthofaccusation.Iftheaccusedadmitsthathehascommittedthe
offence2[withwhichheischarged],hisadmissionshallberecordedasnearlyaspossibleinthewordsused
byhimand,ifheshowsnosufficientcausewhyheshouldnotbeconvicted,theMagistrate 3[mayconvict]
himaccordingly.

244. Procedure when no such admission is made.__(1) 4[If the Magistrate does not convict the
accusedundertheprecedingsectionor]iftheaccuseddoesnotmakesuchadmission,theMagistrateshall
proceedtohearthecomplainant(ifany),andtakeallsuchevidenceasmaybeproducedinsupportofthe
prosecution,andalsotoheartheaccusedandtakeallsuchevidenceasheproducesinhisdefence:

[Provided that the Magistrate shall not be bound to hear any person as complainant tn any case in
4

whichthecomplainthasbeenmadebyaCourt.]
5[(2)The Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, on the application of the complainant or accused, issue [a
summonstoanywitnessdirectinghimtoattendortoproduceanydocumentorotherthing.]

(3)TheMagistratemay,beforesummoninganywitnessonsuchapplication,requirethathisreasonable
expenses,incurredinattendingforthepurposesofthetrial,bedepositedinCourt[:]6

[ProvidedthatitshallnotbenecessaryfortheaccusedtodepositanysuchexpensesinCourtincases
7

whereheischargedwithanoffencepunishablewithimprisonmentexceedingsixmonths.]

[244A.Statementmadeundersection164.Thestatementofawitnessdulyrecordedundersection
8

164,ifitwasmadeinthepresenceoftheaccusedandifhehadnoticeofitandwasgivenanopportunityof
crossexaminingthewitness,may,inthediscretionoftheCourt,ifsuchwitnessisproducedandexamined,
betreatedasevidenceinthecaseforallpurposessubjecttotheprovisionsoftheEvidenceAct,1872.]

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.,forsection242.
ForenforcementofthisamendementintheProvinces,see,para2offootnote3onp.40,surpa.
2 Subs.ibid.,forofwhichheisaccused.
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcdure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18pf1923),s.66,forshallconvict.
4 Ins.ibid,s.67.
5 Subs.ibid.
6 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forfullstop.
7 ProvisoaddedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
Forenforcementofthisamendement,intheProvinces,seepara.2offootnote3onpage40,supra.
8 Ins.ibid.

Page 115 of 319


245. Acquittal.__(1) If the Magistrate upon taking the evidence referred to in section 244 and such
further evidence (if any) as he may, of his own motion, cause to be produced, and (if he thinks fit)
examiningtheaccused,findstheaccusednotguilty,heshallrecordanorderofacquittal.

(2)Sentence.WheretheMagistratedoesnotproceedinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofsection349
1

2
***,heshall,ifhefindstheaccusedguilty,passsentenceuponhimaccordingtolaw.]

3[245A.Procedureincaseofpreviousconvictions.Inacasewhereapreviousconvictionischarged
under the provisions of section 221, subsection (7), and the accused does not admit that he had been
previouslyconvictedasallegedinthecharge,theMagistratemay,afterhehasconvictedtheaccusedunder
section 243, or under section 245, subsection (2), take evidence in respect of the alleged previous
conviction,and,ifhedoesso,shallrecordafindingthereon.]

246.[Finding not limited by compliant or summons.] Omitted by the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1972
(XIIof1972),s.2.andSch.

247.Nonappearanceofcomplainant.Ifthesummonshasbeenissuedoncomplaint,andupontheday
appointedfortheappearanceoftheaccused,oranydaysubsequenttheretotowhichthehearingmaybe
adjourned,thecomplainantdoesnotappear,theMagistrateshall,notwithstandinganythinghereinbefore
contained,acquittheaccused,unlessforsomereasonhethinkspropertoadjournthehearingofthecaseto
someotherday:

Providedthat,wherethecomplainantisapublicservantandhispersonalattendanceisnotrequired,the
Magistratemaydispensewithhisattendance,andproceedwiththecase[:]4

[Provided further that nothing in this section shall apply where the offence of which the accused is
5

chargediseithercognizableornoncompoundable.]

248.Withdrawalofcomplaint.Ifacomplainant,atanytimebeforeafinalorderispassedinanycase
underthisChapter,satisfiestheMagistratethattherearesufficientgroundsforpermittinghimtowithdraw
hiscomplainttheMagistratemaypermithimtowithdrawthesame,andshallthereuponacquittheaccused.

249. Power to stop proceedings when no complainant. In any case instituted otherwise than upon
complaint, 6***aMagistrateofthefirstclass,orwiththeprevioussanctionofthe 7[SessionsJudge],any
other Magistrate, may for reasons to be recorded by him, stop the proceedings at any stage without
pronouncinganyjudgmenteitherofacquittalorconviction,andmaythereuponreleasetheaccused.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923)s.68,fortheoriginalsubsection(2).
2 Thewordsorsection562omittedbyOrdinance12of1972s.2andSch.
3 Ins.ibid.
4 Subs.ibid.forfullstop.
5 Provisoaddedibid.
6 ThewordsaPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.1949,Sch.
7 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.,asaamendedbyAct23of1997.

Page 116 of 319


[249A.PowerofMagistratetoacquitaccusedatanystage.NothinginthisChaptershallbedeemed
1

topreventaMagistratefromacquittinganaccusedatanystageofthecaseif,afterhearingtheprosecutor
andtheaccusedandforreasonstoberecorded,heconsidersthatthechargeisgroundlessorthatthereisno
probabilityoftheaccusedbeingconvictedofanyoffence].

FrivolousAccusationsin2[CasestriedbyMagistrate]

250.False,frivolousorvexatiousaccusations.3[(1)Ifinanycaseinstituteduponcomplaintorupon
information given to a policeofficer or to a Magistrate, one or more persons is or are accused before a
Magistrate or any offence triable by a Magistrate, and the Magistrate by whom the case is heard 4* *
*acquitsalloranyoftheaccused,andisofopinionthattheaccusationagainstthemoranyofthemwas
falseandeitherfrivolousorvexatious,theMagistratemay,byhisorderof 4***acquittal,iftheperson
uponwhosecomplaintorinformationtheaccusationwasmadeispresent,calluponhinforthwithtoshow
causewhyheshouldnotpaycompensationtosuchaccusedortoeachoranyofsuchaccusedwhenthere
aremorethanone,or,ifsuchpersonisnotpresentdirecttheissueofasummonstohimtoappearandshow
causeasaforesaid.

(2) The Magistrate shall record and consider any cause which such complainant or information may
showandifheissatisfiedthattheaccusationwasfalseandeitherfrivolousorvexatiousmay,forreasonsto
berecorded, directthatcompensationtosuchamount not exceeding 5[twentyfivethousandrupees]or,if
theMagistrateisaMagistrateofthethirdclass,notexceeding 6[twothousandandfivehundredrupees]as
hemaydetermine,bepaidbysuchcomplainantorinformanttotheaccusedortoeachoranyofthem.

[(2A) The compensation payable under subsection (2) shall be recoverable as an arrear of
7

landrevenue.]

(2B)Whenanypersonisimprisonedundersubsection(2A),theprovisionsofsections68and69ofthe
PakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860)shall,sofarasmaybe,apply.

(2C)Nopersonwhohasbeendirectedtopaycompensationunderthissectionshall,byreasonofsuch
order,beexemptedfromanycivilorcriminalliabilityinrespectofthecomplaintmadeorinformationgiven
byhim:

Providedthatanyamountpaidtoanaccusedpersonunderthissectionshallbetakenintoaccountin
awardingcompensationtosuchpersoninanysubsequentcivilsuitrelatingtothesamematter.]

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ord.1977(36of1977)s.2.(w.e.f301077).
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch,forsummonsandWarrantCases.
3 Subsections(1)to(2C)weresubs.fortheoriginalsubsections(1)and(2)bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.69
4 OmittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.
5 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1980(6of1980),s.2,forfivehundredrupeeswhichwassubs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch,foronehundredrupees.
6 SubsbyOrd.6of1980,s.2forfiftyrupees.
7 Subsection(2A)whichwasamendedbyOrdinance12of1972,hasbeensubs.ibid.

Page 117 of 319


(3)Acomplainantorinformantwhohasbeenorderedunder 1[subsection(2)]byaMagistrateofthe
second or third class to pay compensation 2[or has been so ordered by any other Magistrate to pay
compensation exceeding fifty rupees] may appeal from the order, in so far as the order relates to the
payment of the compensation, as if such complainant or informant had been convicted on a trial held by
suchMagistrate.

(4)Whenanorderforpaymentofcompensationtoanaccusedpersonismadeinacasewhichissubject
toappealundersubsection(3),thecompensationshallnotbepaidtohimbeforetheperiodallowedforthe
presentation of the appeal has elapsed, or, if an appeal is presented, before the appeal has been decided
3
[and,wheresuchorderismadeinacasewhichisnotsosubjecttoappeal,thecompensationshallnotbe
paidbeforetheexpirationofonemonthfromthedateoftheorder].
4
*****

5[250A. Special summons in case of petty offences.(1) Any Magistrate of the first class specially
empoweredinthisbehalfbytheProvincialGovernmenttakingcognizanceofanyoffencepunishableonly
with fine shall, except for reasons to be recorded in writing, issue summons to the accused requiring him
eithertoappearbeforehimonaspecifieddateinpersonorbyanadvocateor,ifhedesirestopleadguiltyto
thecharge,withoutappearingbeforetheMagistrate,totransmittotheMagistratebeforethespecifieddate,
byregisteredpostorthroughamessenger,thesaidpleainwritingandtheamountoffinespecifiedinthe
summonsor,ifhedesirestoappearbyanadvocateandtopleadguiltytothecharge,toauthorise,inwriting,
suchadvocatetopleadguiltytothechargeonhisbehalfandtopaythefine:

Providedthattheamountofthefinespecifiedinsuchsummonsshallnotbelessthantwentyfiveper
centnormorethanfiftypercentofthemaximumfineprovidedforsuchoffence.

(2)Subsection(1)shallnotapplytoanoffencepunishableundertheMotorVehiclesOrdinance,1965
(W.P. Ordinance XIX of 1965), or under any other law which provides for the accused person being
convictedinhisabsenceonapleaofguilty.]

CHAPTER XXI.[OF THE TRIAL OF WARRANT CASES BY MAGISTRATES.] Omitted by the Law
6

ReformsOrdinance,1972(XIIof1972),s.2andSch.

CHAPTERXXII

OFSUMMARYTRIALS
7
260.Powertotrysummarily.(1)NotwithstandinganythingcontainedinthisCode,__
8
*****

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.69,forsubsection(1).
2 Subs.ibid.,fortoanaccusedperson.
3 Ins.ibid.
4 Subsection(5)rep.,ibid.
5 Ins.byActXXVof1992,s.3.
6 ThischapterwasamendedbyAct18of1923,s.70.
7 Fornotifn.ConferringpowersontheAdditionalCityMagistrate,Karachi,totrycasessummarilyunderthissection,seeGaz.ofP.,1957,Pt.VI,p.6
8 Clasue(a)omittedbyLawtheReformsOrdinance,1972,(12of1972),s.2andSch.

Page 118 of 319


(b) any Magistrate of the first class specially empowered in this behalf by the
1
[ProvincialGovernment],and

(c) any Bench of Magistrates invested with the powers of a Magistrate of the first class and
especiallyempoweredinthisbehalfbythe1[ProvincialGovernment],

may,ifheortheythinkfit,tryinasummarywayalloranyofthefollowingoffences:__

(a) offences not punishable with death, transportation or imprisonment for a term exceeding six
months

(b)offencesrelatingtoweightsandmeasuresundersections264,265and266ofthePakistanPenal
Code(XLVof1860)

(c)hurt,undersection2[clause(i)ofsection337A]ofthesameCode

(d)theft,undersections379,380or381ofthesameCode,wherethevalueofthepropertystolen
doesnotexceed2[tenthousandrupees]

(e)dishonestmisappropriationofpropertyundersection403ofthesameCode,wherethevalueof
thepropertymisappropriateddoesnotexceed2[tenthousandrupees]

(f) receiving or retaining stolen property under section 411 of the same code, where the value of
suchpropertydoesnotexceed2[tenthousandrupees]

(g)assistingintheconcealmentordisposalofstolenproperty,undersection414ofthesameCode,
wherethevalueofsuchpropertydoesnotexceed2[tenthousandrupees]

(h)mischief,undersection427ofthesameCode

(i)housetrespass,undersection448,andoffencesundersections451, 3[453,454],456and457of
thesameCode

(j)insultwithintenttoprovokeabreachofthepeace,undersection504,andcriminalintimidation,
undersection506,ofthesameCode
4
[(jj)offenceofpersonationatanelectionundersection171FofthesameCode]

(k)abetmentofanyoftheforegoingoffences

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.,
2 Subs.byOrdinance,85of02,s.4.
3 Ins.bytheAmendingAct,1903(1of1903),s.3andSch.,II,Pt.II.
4 Clause(jj)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1957(43of1957),s.2.

Page 119 of 319


(l)anattempttocommitanyoftheforegoingoffences,whensuchattemptisanoffence

(m)offencesundersection20oftheCattletrespassAct,1871(Iof1871):
1
*****

(2) When in the course of a summary trial it appears to the Magistrate or Bench that the case is one
which is of a character which renders it undesirable that it should be tried summarily, the Magistrate or
Benchshallrecallanywitnesseswhomayhavebeenexaminedandproceedtorehearthecaseinmanner
providedbythisCode.

261. Power to invest Bench of Magistrates invested with less powers. The 2[Provincial
Government] 3[on the recommendation of the High Court,] may confer on any Bench of Magistrates
investedwiththepowersofaMagistrateofthesecondorthirdclasspowertotrysummarilyalloranyofthe
followingoffences:__

(a) offences against the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860), sections 277, 278, 279, 285, 286,
289,290,292,293,294,8[337A(i),337L(2),337H(2)],341,352,426,3[447and504]

(b) offences against Municipal Acts, and the conservancy clauses of Police Acts which are
punishable only with fine or with imprisonment for a term not exceeding one month 5[withor
withoutfine]

(c)abetmentofanyoftheforegoingoffences

(d)anattempttocommitanyoftheforegoingoffences,whensuchattemptisanoffence..

262. Procedure 6[prescribed in Chapter XX] applicable.__6[(1) In trials under this Chapter, the
procedureprescribedinChapterXXshallbefollowed,exceptashereinaftermentioned].

(2)Limitofimprisonment.Nosentenceofimprisonmentforatermexceedingthreemonthsshallbe
passedinthecaseofanyconvictionunderthisChapter.

263.Recordincaseswherethereisnoappeal.Incaseswherenoappeallies,theMagistrateorBench
ofMagistratesneednotrecordtheevidenceofthewitnessesorframeaformalchargebutheortheyshall
enterinsuchformasthe2[ProvincialGovernment]maydirectthefollowingparticulars:__

1 ProvisioomittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
3 Ins.byord.12of1972,s.2.andsch.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.75,forand447.
5 Ins.ibid.,s.75.
6 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forforsummonsandwarrantcases.
7 Subs.ibid.,forsubsection(1).
8 Subs.byord.85of02,s.5.

Page 120 of 319


(a)theserialnumber

(b)thedateofthecommissionoftheoffence

(c)thedateofthereportorcomplaint

(d)thenameofthecomplainant(ifany)

(e)thename,parentageandresidenceoftheaccused

(f)theoffencecomplainedofandtheoffence(ifany)proved,andincasescomingunderclause(d),
clause(e),clause(f)orclause(g)ofsubsection(1)ofsection260thevalueofthepropertyin
respectofwhichtheoffencehasbeencommitted

(g)thepleaoftheaccusedandhisexamination(ifany)

(h)thefinding,and,inthecaseofaconviction,abriefstatementofthereasonstherefor

(i)thesentenceorotherfinalorderand

(j)thedateonwhichtheproceedingsterminated.

[264.Recordinappealablecases.IneverycasetriedsummarilybyaMagistrateorBenchinwhichan
1

appeal lies, such Magistrate or Bench shall record the substance of the evidence and also the particulars
mentionedinsection263andshall,beforepassinganysentencerecordajudgmentinthecase.]

265. Language of record and Judgment.__(1) Records made under section 263 and judgments
recordedundersection264shallbewrittenbythePresidingOfficer,eitherinEnglishorinthelanguageof
the Court, or, if the Court to which such presiding officer is immediately subordinate so directs, in such
officer'smothertongue.

(2) Bench may be authorized to employ clerk. The 2[Provincial Government] may authorize any
BenchofMagistratesempoweredtotryoffencessummarilytopreparetheaforesaidrecordorjudgmentby
meansofanofficerappointedinthisbehalfbytheCourttowhichsuchBenchisimmediatelysubordinate,
andtherecordorjudgmentsopreparedshallbesignedbyeachmemberofsuchBenchpresenttakingpartin
theproceedings.

(3) If no such authorization be given, the record prepared by a member of the Bench and signed as
aforesaidshallbetheproperrecord.

(4)IftheBenchdifferinopinion,anydissentientmembermaywriteaseparatejudgment.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.fororiginalsection264.
2subs.byA.O,1973,for"L.G."

Page 121 of 319


[CHAPTERXXIIA 1

TRIALSBEFOREHIGHCOURTSANDCOURTSOFSESSION

265A.TrialsbeforeCourtofSessiontobeconductedbyPublicProsecutor.Ineverytrialbeforea
CourtofSession,initiateduponapolicereport,theprosecutionshallbeconductedbythePublicProsecutor.

265B. Procedure in cases triable by High Courts and Courts of Session. The following procedure
shall be observed by the High Courts and the Courts of Session in the trial of cases triable by the said
Courts.

265C. Supply of statements and documents to the accused.__(1) In all cases instituted upon police
report,copiesofthefollowingdocumentsshallbesuppliedfreeofcosttotheaccusednotlaterthanseven
daysbeforethecommencementofthetrial,namely:__

(a)thefirstinformationreports
(b)thepolicereport
(c)thestatementsofallwitnessesrecordedundersections161and164and
(d) the inspection note recorded by an investigation officer on his first visit to the place of
occurrenceandthenoterecordedbyhimonrecoveriesmade,ifany:

Provided that, If arty part of a statement recorded under section 161 or section 164 is such that its
disclosure to the accused would be inexpedient in the public interest, such part of the statement shall be
excludedfromthecopyofthestatementfurnishedtotheaccused.

(2)Inallcasesinstituteduponacomplaintinwriting,__

(a)thecomplainantshall

(i)stateinthepetitionofcomplaintthesubstanceoftheaccusation,thenamesofhiswitnesses
andthegistoftheevidencewhichheislikelytoadduceatthetrialand

(ii) within three days of the order of the Court under section 204 for issue of process to the
accused,fileintheCourtforsupplytotheaccusedasmanycopiesofthecomplaintand
anyotherdocumentwhichhehasfiledwithhiscomplaintasthenumberoftheaccused

(b)copiesofthecomplaintandanyotherdocumentswhichthecomplainanthasfiledtherewithand
thestatementundersection200orsection202shallbesuppliedfreeofcosttotheaccusednot
laterthansevendaysbeforethecommencementofthetrial.

265D When charge is to be framed. If, after persuing the police report or, as the case may be, the
complaint, and all other documents and statements filed by the prosecution, the Court is of opinion that
there is ground for proceeding with the trial of the accused it shall frame in writing a charge against the
accused.

1 ChapterXXIIAwhichwasinsertedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)hasbeensubs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1976(44of1976),s.2.
TheCodeofCrimnalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1976(44of1976),i.eChapterXXIIAonlyshallapplytotheProvinciallyAdministerdTribalAreaofN.W.F.P.byN.W.F.P.notfnNO.13/27HD(TAI)77,
dated22678,see,N.W.F.P.,Gazette,Extraordinary,page11.

Page 122 of 319


265E.Plea.__(1)Thechargeshallbereadandexplainedtotheaccused,andheshallbeasked
whetherheisguiltyorhasanydefencetomake.

(2)Iftheaccusedpleadsguilty,theCourtshallrecordtheplea,andmayinitsdiscretionconvict
himthereon.

265F.Evidenceforprosecution.__(1) If the accused does not plead guilty or the Court in its
discretiondoesnotconvicthimonhisplea,theCourtshallproceedtohearthecomplainant(ifany)
andtakeallsuchevidenceasmaybeproducedinsupportoftheprosecution:

Provided that the Court shall not be bound to hear any person as complainant in any case in
whichthecomplainthasbeenmadebyaCourt.

(2) The Court shall ascertain from the Public Prosecutor or, as the case may be, from the
complainant,thenamesofanypersonslikelytobeacquaintedwiththefactsofthecaseandtobe
abletogiveevidencefortheprosecution,andshallsummonsuchpersonstogiveevidencebeforeit.

(3) The Court may refuse to summon any such witness, if it is of opinion that such witness is
beingcalledforthepurposeofvexationordelayordefeatingtheendsofjustice.Suchgroundshall
berecordedbytheCourtinwriting.

(4)Whentheexaminationofthewitnessesfortheprosecutionandtheexamination(ifany)of
theaccusedareconcluded,theaccusedshallbeaskedwhetherhemeanstoadduceevidence.

(5)Iftheaccusedputsinanywrittenstatement,theCourtshallfileitwiththerecord.

(6)Iftheaccused,oranyoneofseveralaccused,saysthathemeanstoadduceevidence,the
Courtshallcallontheaccusedtoenteronhisdefenceandproducehisevidence.

(7)Iftheaccused,oranyoneofseveralaccused,afterenteringonhisdefence,appliestothe
Court to issue any process for compelling the attendance of any witness for examination or the
production of any document or other thing, the Court shall issue such process unless it considers
that the application is made for the purpose of vexation or delay or defeating the ends of Justice.
SuchgroundshallberecordedbytheCourtinwriting.

265G.Summingupbyprosecutoranddefence.__(1)Incaseswheretheaccused,oranyone
of several accused, does not adduce evidence in his defence, the Court shall, on the close of the
prosecution case and examination (if any) of the accused, call upon the prosecutor to sum up his
casewhereaftertheaccusedshallmakeareply.

Page 123 of 319


(2) In cases where the accused, or any of the several accused, examines evidence, in his
defencetheCourtshall,onthecloseofthedefencecase,callupontheaccusedtosumupthecase
whereaftertheprosecutorshallmakeareply.

265H. Acquittal or conviction.(1) If in any case under this Chapter in which a charge has
beenframedtheCourtfindstheaccusednotguilty,itshallrecordanorderofacquittal.

(2)IfinanycaseunderthisChaptertheCourtfindstheaccusedguiltytheCourtshall,subject
totheprovisionsofsection265I,passasentenceuponhimaccordingtolaw.

265I.Procedureincaseofpreviousconviction.(1)Inacasewhere,byreasonofaprevious
conviction, the accused has been charged under section 221, subsection (7), the Court, after
findingtheaccusedguiltyoftheoffencechargedandrecordingaconviction,shallrecordtheplea
oftheaccusedinrelationtosuchpartofthecharge.

(2) If the accused admits that he has been previously convicted as alleged in the charge, the
Courtmaypassasentenceuponhimaccordingtolaw,andiftheaccuseddoesnotadmitthathe
hasbeenpreviouslyconvictedasallegedinthecharge,theCourtmaytakeevidenceinrespectof
theallegedpreviousconviction,andshallrecordafindingthereon,andthenpasssentenceuponhim
accordingtolaw.

265J. Statement under section 164 admissible. The statement of a witness duly recorded
undersection164,ifitwasmadeinthepresenceoftheaccusedandifhehadnoticeofitandwas
given an opportunity of crossexamining the witness, may, in the discretion of the Court, if such
witnessisproducedandexamined,betreatedasevidenceinthecaseforallpurposessubjecttothe
provisionsoftheEvidenceAct,1872(IIof1872).

265K. Power of Court to acquit accused at any stage. Nothing in this Chapter shall be
deemedtopreventaCourtfromacquittinganaccusedatanystageofthecase,if,afterhearingthe
prosecutorandtheaccusedandforreasonstoberecorded,itconsidersthatthereisnoprobability
oftheaccusedbeingconvictedofanyoffence.

265L. Power of AdvocateGeneral to stay prosecution. At any stage of any trial before a
HighCourtunderthisCode,beforethesentenceispassed,theAdvocateGeneralmay,ifhethinks
fit, inform the Court on behalf of Government that he will not prosecute the accused upon the
charge and thereupon all proceedings against the accused shall be stayed, and he shall be
discharged of and from the same. But such discharge shall not amount to an acquittal unless the
presidingjudgeotherwisedirects.

265M. Time of holding sittings. For the exercise of its original criminal jurisdiction, every
HighCourtshallholdsittingsonsuchdaysandatsuchconvenientintervalsastheChiefJusticeof
suchCourtfromtimetotimeappoints.

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265N.Placeofholdingsittings.(1)TheHighCourtshallholditssittingsattheplaceatwhichitheld
themimmediatelybeforethecommencementoftheLawReformsOrdinance,1972,oratsuchotherplace
(ifany)astheProvincialGovernmentmaydirect.

(2) But the High Court may, from time to time with the consent of the Provincial Government, hold
sittingsatsuchotherplaceswithinthelocallimitsofitsappellatejurisdictionastheHighCourtappoints.

(3)SuchofficerastheChiefJusticedirectsshallgivepriornoticeintheofficialGazetteofallsittings
intendedtobeheldfortheexerciseoftheoriginalcriminaljurisdictionoftheHighCourt.]

*CHAPTERXXIII._[OF TRIALSBEFOREHIGHCOURTSANDCOURTS OF SESSIONS.] Omitted


bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(XIlof1972),s.2andSch.

_____________

CHAPTERXXIV

GENERALPROVISIONSASTOINQUIRIESANDTRIALS

337.Tenderofpardontoaccomplice.1[(1)InthecaseofanyoffencetriableexclusivelybytheHigh
CourtorCourtofSession,oranyoffencepunishablewithimprisonmentwhichmayextendtotenyears,or
any offence punishable under section 211 of the Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860) with imprisonment
whichmayextendtosevenyears,oranyoffenceunderanyofthefollowingsectionsofthePakistanPenal
Code (XLV of 1860), namely, sections 216A, 369, 401, 435 and 477A the 2[officerincharge of the
prosecutioninthedistrict]may,atanystageofinvestigationorinquiryinto,orthetrialoftheoffence,with
aviewtoobtainingtheevidenceofanypersonsupposedtohavebeendirectlyorindirectlyconcernedinor
privytotheoffence,tenderapardontosuchpersononconditionofhismakingafullandtruedisclosureof
the whole of the circumstances within his knowledge relative to the offence and to every other person
concerned,whetherasprincipalorabettor,inthecommissionthereof:
3***

4[Providedthatnopersonshallbetenderedpardonwhoisinvolvedinanoffencerelatingtohurtorqatl
withoutpermissionofthevictimor,asthecasemaybe,oftheheirsofthevictim.]

(1A)EveryMagistratewhotendersapardonundersubsection(1)shallrecordhisreasonforsodoing,
andshall,onapplicationmadebytheaccused,furnishhimwithacopyofsuchrecord:

ProvidedthattheaccusedshallpayforthesameunlesstheMagistrateforsomespecialreasonthinksfit
tofurnishitfreeofcost.]

3[(2) Every person accepting a tender under this section shall be examined as a witness in the
subsequenttrial,ifany.]

1 Subsections(1)and(1A)subs,fortheoriginalsubsection(1)bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act1923(18of1923),s.86.
2 subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.60(w.e.f14082001).
3 Subs.andOmittedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ord.,1981(27of1981),s.3and2ndSch.forsubsection(2)whichwasamendedbyAct,18of1923,s.86,toreadasabove.
4 Subs.andaddedbyActIIof1997,s.12.

Page 125 of 319


1[(2A)Ineverycasewhereapersonhasacceptedatenderofpardonandhasbeenexaminedundersub
section(2),theMagistratebeforewhomtheproceedingsarependingshall,ifheissatisfiedthatthereare
reasonablegroundsforbelievingthattheaccusedisguiltyofanoffence,commithimfortrialtotheCourtof
SessionorHighCourt,asthecasemaybe.]

(3)Suchperson,2[unlessheisalreadyonbail],shallbedetainedincustodyuntiltheterminationofthe
trial3***

4*****

5[338.Powertograntortenderpardon.Atanytimebeforethejudgmentispassed,theHighCourtor
theCourtofSessiontryingthecasemay,withtheviewofobtainingonthetrialtheevidenceofanyperson
supposedtohavebeendirectlyorindirectlyconcernedin,orprivytoanysuchoffence,tender,ororderthe
6[officerincharge of the prosecution in the district] to tender, a pardon on the same condition to such

person7[:]

7[Provided that no person shall be tendered pardon who is involved in an offence relating to hurt or
qatlwithoutpermissionofthevictimor,asthecasemaybe,oftheheirsofthevictim.]

339. Commitment of person to whom pardon has been tendered.(1) Where a pardon hasbeen
tendered under section 337 or section 388, and 8[the Public Prosecutor certifies that in his opinion] any
personwhohasacceptedsuchtenderhas,eitherbywilfullyconcealinganythingessentialorbygivingfalse
evidence,notcompliedwiththeconditiononwhichthetenderwasmade9[suchpersonmaybe]triedforthe
offenceinrespectofwhichthepardonwassotendered,orforanyotheroffenceofwhichheappearsto
havebeenguiltyinconnectionwiththesamematter:

8[Provided that such person shall not be tried jointly with any of the other accused, and that he shall
be entitled to plead at such trial that he has complied with the conditions upon which such tender was
madeinwhichcaseitshallbefortheprosecutiontoprovethatsuchconditionshavenotbeencomplied
with.]

(2) The statement made by a person who has accepted a tender of pardon may be given in evidence
againsthim10[atsuchtrial.]

(3) No prosecution for the offence of giving false evidence in respect of such statement shall be
entertainedwithoutthesanctionoftheHighCourt.

1 Subsection(2A)ins.byAct18of1923,s.86.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.86,forifnotonbail.
3 ThewordsbytheCourtofSessionorHighCourt,asthecasemaybe",rep.ibid.
4 Subsection(4)rep.,ibid.
5 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2.andSch.fororiginalsection338.
6 Subs.byord37of2001,s.6.(w.e.f14082001).
7 Subs&addedbyActIIof1997,s.13.
8 Ins.byAct18of1923,s.87.
9 Subs.ibid.,forhemaybe.
10 Subs.ibid.,forwhenthepardonhasbeenforfeitedunderthissection.

Page 126 of 319


1[339A. Procedure in trial of person under section 339.(1) The Court trying under section 339 a
personwhohasacceptedatenderofpardonshall,beforetheevidenceofthewitnessesfortheprosecution
istaken,asktheaccusedwhetherhepleadsthathehascompliedwiththeconditionsonwhichthetenderof
thepardonwasmade.

(2)Iftheaccuseddoessoplead,theCourtshallrecordthepleaandproceedwiththetrial,andshall,
beforejudgmentispassedinthecase,findwhetherornottheaccusedhascompliedwiththeconditionsof
thepardon,and,ifitisfoundthathehassocomplied,theCourtshall,notwithstandinganythingcontainedin
thisCode,passJudgmentofacquittal].

2[340.Rightofpersonagainstwhomproceedingsareinstitutedtobedefendedandhiscompetency
to be a witness.(1) Any person accused of an offence before a Criminal Court, or against whom
proceedingsareinstitutedunderthisCodeinanysuchCourt,mayofrightbedefendedbyapleader.

[(2) Any person accused of an offence before a Criminal Court or against whom proceedings are
3

instituted under this Code in any such Court shall, if he does not plead guilty, give evidence on oath in
disproofofthechargesorallegationsmadeagainsthimoranypersonchargedortriedtogetherwithhimat
thesametrial:

Providedthatheshallnotbeasked,and,ifasked,shallnotberequiredtoanswer,anyquestiontending
toshowthathehascommittedorbeenconvictedofanyoffenceotherthantheoffencewithwhichheis
chargedorforwhichheisbeingtried,orisofbadcharacter,unless__

(i)theproofthathehascommittedorbeenconvictedofsuchoffenceisadmissibleinevidenceto
showthatheisguiltyoftheoffencewithwhichheischargedorforwhichheisbeingtriedor
(ii) he has personally or by his pleader asked questions of any witness for the prosecution with a
viewtoestablishinghisowngoodcharacter,orhasgivenevidenceofhisgoodcharacteror
(iii)hehasgivenevidenceagainstanyotherpersonchargedwithortriedforthesameoffence.]

341.Procedurewhereaccuseddoesnotunderstandproceedings.Iftheaccused,thoughnotinsane,
cannotbemadetounderstandtheproceedings,theCourtmayproceedwiththe4***trialand,inthecase
ofaCourtotherthanaHighCourt, 4***orifsuchtrialresultsinaconviction,theproceedingsshallbe
forwardedtotheHighCourtwithareportofthecircumstancesofthecase,andtheHighCourtshallpass
thereonsuchorderasitthinksfit.

342. Power to examine the accused.(1) For the purpose of enabling the accused to explain any
circumstances appearing in the evidence against him, the Court may, at any stage of any inquiry or trial
without previously warning the accused, put such questions to him as the Court considers necessary, and
shall,forthepurposeaforesaid,questionhimgenerallyonthecaseafterthewitnessesfortheprosecution
havebeenexaminedandbeforeheiscalledonforhisdefence.

1 Section339Asubs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forsection339A,whichwasamendedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.88,for
theoriginalsection339A.
2 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.89,fortheoriginalsection340
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1985(12of1985),s.2,forsubsection(2),whichwaspreviouslyamendedbyAct18of1923,s.89.
4 Thewordsinquiryorandthewordsandcomma"ifsuchinquiryresultsinacommitment,"omittedbyOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.

Page 127 of 319


(2) The accused shall not render himself liable to punishment by refusing to answer such
questions,orbygivingfalseanswerstothembuttheCourt 1***maydrawsuchinferencefrom
suchrefusaloranswersasitthinksjust.

(3)Theanswersgivenbytheaccusedmaybetakenintoconsiderationinsuchinquiryortrial,
andputinevidencefororagainsthiminanyotherinquiryinto,ortrialfor,anyotheroffencewhich
suchanswersmaytendtoshowhehascommitted.
2[(4)Exceptasprovidedbysubsection(2)ofsection340,nooathshallbeadministeredtothe
accused.]

343.Noinfluencetobeusedtoinducedisclosures.Exceptasprovidedinsections337and
338, no influence, by means of any promise or threat or otherwise, shall be used to an accused
persontoinducehimtodiscloseorwithholdanymatterwithinhisknowledge.

344.Powertopostponeoradjournproceedings.(1)If,fromtheabsenceofawitness,orany
other reasonable cause, it becomes necessary or advisable to postpone the commencement of, or
adjourn any inquiry or trial, the Court may, if it thinks fit, by order in writing, stating the reasons
therefor,fromtimetotime,postponeoradjournthesameonsuchtermsasitthinksfit,forsuch
timeasitconsidersreasonable,andmaybyawarrantremandtheaccusedifincustody:

Remand. Provided that no Magistrate shall remand an accused person to custody under this
sectionforatermexceedingfifteendaysatatime.

(2)EveryordermadeunderthissectionbyaCourtotherthanaHighCourtshallbeinwriting
signedbythepresidingJudgeorMagistrate.

Explanation._Reasonablecauseforremand.Ifsufficientevidencehasbeenobtainedtoraise
a suspicion that the accused may have committed an offence, and it appears likely that further
evidencemaybeobtainedbyaremand,thisisareasonablecauseforaremand.
3[344A. Conclusion of trial.__The Court shall, upon taking cognizance of a case under
sections 354A, 376, 377 and 377B of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 (Act XLV of 1860), decide
thecasewithinthreemonthsfailingwhichthemattershallbebroughtbytheCourttothenoticeof
theChiefJusticeoftheHighCourtconcernedforappropriatedirections.].

345.Compoundingoffences.(1) The offences punishable under the sections of the Pakistan


PenalCode(XLVof1860) 4[specified]inthefirsttwocolumnsofthetablenextfollowingmaybe
compoundedbythepersonsmentionedinthethirdcolumnofthattable:

1 Thewordsandthejury(ifany)omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 Subs.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondScheduled.
3 Ins.byActXLIVof2016,s.12.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.90,fordescribed.

Page 128 of 319


SectionsofPakistanPenal Personsbywhomoffencemaybecompounded.
Codeapplicable
Offence.

Utteringwords,etc.,withdeliberateintent 298 Thepersonwhosereligiousfeelingsareintendedto


towoundthereligiousfeelingsofany bewounded.
person.

1***

Wrongfullyrestrainingor 341,342 Thepersonrestrainedorconfined.


confininganyperson.

Assaultoruseofcriminalforce. 352,355,358 Thepersonassaultedortowhomcriminalforcesis


used.

Unlawfulcompulsorylabour.. 374 Thepersoncompelledtolabour.


..

Mischief,whentheonlyloss 426,427 Thepersontowhomthelossor

ordamagecausedislossor damageiscaused.

damagetoaprivateperson

Criminaltrespass.... 447 Thepersoninpossessionof

Housetrespass.... 448 thepropertytrespassedupon.

2[Dishonestlyissuingachequefor 489F Thepersoninwhosefavour


repaymentofloanorfulfillmentofan
obligation. chequeissued.]

Criminalbreachofcontract 490,491,492 Thepersonwithwhomthe


ofservice.......
offenderhascontracted.

Adultery...... 497

Enticingortakingawayor Thehusbandofthewoman

detainingwithcriminalintentamarried 498
woman......

Defamation...... 500

Printingorengravingmatter,

knowingittobedefamatory. 501
Thepersondefamed.

Saleofprintedorengraved

substancecontainingdefamatorymatter,
knowingittocontainsuchmatter. 502

Insultintendedtoprovokea 504 Thepersoninsulted.

breachofthepeace.

Criminalintimidationexceptwhenthe 506 Thepersonintimidated.


offenceis punishablewith
imprisonmentforsevenyears.

3[Actcausedbymakingaperson 508 Thepersonagainstwhomtheoffence


believethathewillbeanobject wascommitted.].
ofdivinedispleasure.]

1 OmittedbyActIIof1997,s.14.
2 Subs.byord.85of02,s.6.
3 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.90.

Page 129 of 319


[(2) 2Subjecttosubsection(7),theoffencespunishableunderthesectionsofthePakistanPenalCode
1

(XLVof1860)specifiedinthefirsttwocolumnsofthetablenextfollowingmay,withthepermissionofthe
Courtbeforewhichanyprosecutionforsuchoffenceispending,becompoundedbythepersonsmentioned
inthethirdcolumnofthattable:_

Offence SectionsofthePakistanPenalCode Personsbywhomoffencemaybe


applicable compounded

3[Rioting 147 Thepersonagainstwhomtheoffencewas


committedortheheirsofsuchperson,as
thecasemaybe,iftheoffencewas
committedalongwithanother
compoundableoffence

Riotingarmedwithdeadlyweapon 148 Ditto]

Qatliamd 302 4["bytheheirsofthevictim, subjecttothe


p rovisionsofsection311."].'.

Qatlunderikrahitam 303 Ditto.

Qatliamdnotliabletoqisas 308 Ditto.

QatliShibhiamd 316 5[Bytheheirsofthevictim"]

Qattikhata 319 Ditto

Qatlikhatabyrashornegligentdriving. 320 Ditto

Qatlbissabab 322 Ditto

Attempttocommitqatiiamd 324 Thepersonagainstwhomthe

offencewascommitted.

Itlafiudw 334 Thepersontowhomhurtiscaused

ItlafiSalahiyyatiudw 336 Ditto

Shajjahofanykind 337A Ditto

Jaifah 337D Ditto

Ghayrjaifahofanykind 337F Ditto

Hurtbyrashornegligentdriving 337G Ditto

Hurtbyrashornegligentact 337H Ditto

Hurtbymistake 337I Ditto

Hurtbymeansofapoison 337J Ditto

Hurttoextortconfessionortocompel 337K Ditto


restorationofproperty

Otherhurts 337L Ditto

Hurtnotliabletoqisas 337M Ditto

1 Subs.byActXLIIIof2016,s.8.
2 Subs.ibid.,fortheoriginalsubsection(2).
3 Ins.byActIVof04,s.2.
4 Subs.andaddedbyActXLIIIof2016,dated21102016.
5 Addedandsubs.byActIof05,s.14.

Page 130 of 319


Casesinwhichqisasforhurtcannotbe 337N Ditto
enforced

Isqatihaml 338A Thevictimortheheirsofthevictim,asthe


casemaybe.

Isqatijanin 338C Thevictimortheheirsofthevictim,asthe


casemaybe.]

Wrongfullyconfiningaperson 343 Thepersonconfined

forthreedaysormore

Wrongfullyconfiningapersoninsecret. 346 Ditto

Assaultorcriminalforceinattempting 357 Thepersonassaultedortowhomtheforce


wrongfullytoconfineaperson. wasused.

Dishonestmisappropriationofproperty 403 Theowneroftheproperty


misappropriated.

Cheating ...... 417 Thepersoncheated.

Cheatingapersonwhoseinterestthe 418 Ditto


offenderwasbound,bylaworbylegal
contract,toprotect

Cheatingbypersonation ...... 419 Ditto

Cheatinganddishonestly 420 Ditto


inducingdeliveryofpropertyorthe
making,alterationor

destructionofavaluablesecurity.

Mischief by injury to work of 430 Thepersontowhomthelossor


irrigation by wrongfully diverting damageiscaused.
water when the only loss or
damage caused is loss or damage
toaprivateperson

Housetrespasstocommitan 451 Thepersoninpossessionofthehouse


trespassedupon.
offence(otherthantheft)

punishablewithimprisonment.

Usingafalsetradeor 482 Thepersontowhomlossor


injuryiscausedbysuchuse.
propertymark.

Counterfeitingatradeorpropertymark 483 Thepersonwhosetradeorpropertymark


usedbyanother. iscounterfeited.

Knowinglyselling,orexposingor 486 Ditto.


possessingforsaleorfortradeor
manufacturingpurpose,goods
markedwithacounterfeittradeor
propertymark.

Marryingagainduringthelifetime 494 Thehusbandorwifeofthe


ofahusbandorwife. personsomarrying.

Page 131 of 319


Utteringwordsorsounds 509 Thewomanwhomitisintended


ormakinggesturesor toinsultorwhoseprivacyis
exhibitinganyobjectintendingto intrudedupon.]
insultthemodestyofawomanor
intrudingupontheprivacyofa
woman.

1[(2A) Where an offence under Chapter XVI of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 (Act XLV of
1860),hasbeencommittedinthenameoronthepretextofkarokari,siyahkariorsimilarother
customsorpractices,suchoffencemaybewaivedorcompoundedsubjecttosuchconditionsasthe
Court may deem fit to impose with the consent of the parties having regard to the facts and
circumstancesofthecase.]

(3)Whenanyoffenceiscompoundableunderthissection,theabetmentofsuchoffenceoran
attempt to commit such offence (when such attempt is itself an offence) may be compounded
inlikemanner.

(4) When the person who would otherwise be competent to compound an offence under this
section is 2[under the age of eighteen years or is] an idiot or a lunatic, any person competent to
contractonhisbehalfmay3[withthepermissionoftheCourt]compoundsuchoffence.
4[(5) when the accused has been convicted and an appeal is pending, no composition for the
offenceshallbeallowedwithouttheleaveoftheCourtbeforewhichtheappealistobeheard.]
3[(5A)AHighCourtactingintheexerciseofitspowersofrevisionundersection439 5[,anda
CourtofSessionsoactingundersection439A,]mayallowanypersontocompoundanyoffence
whichheiscompetenttocompoundunderthissection.]

(6)Thecompositionofanoffenceunderthissectionshallhavetheeffectofanacquittalofthe
accused2[withwhomtheoffencehasbeencompounded.]
6[(7) No offence shall be waived or compounded save as provided by this section and section
311ofPakistanPenalCode,1860(ActVof1860).]

1 Ins.byActIof2005,s.14.
2 Subs.foraminorbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923,(18of1923),s.90.
3 Ins.ibid.
4 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,fortheoriginalsubsection(5).
5 Ins.ibid.
6 Subs.byActXLIIIof2016,s.8.

1[346. Procedure of Magistrate in cases


Page which
132 ofhe319
cannot dispose of.(1) If, in the course of an
1[346. Procedure of Magistrate in cases which he cannot dispose of.(1) If, in the course of an
inquiryortrialbeforeaMagistrateinanydistrict,theevidenceappearstohimtowarrantapresumptionthat
thecaseisonewhichshouldbetried,orsentfortrialtotheCourtofSessionortheHighCourt,bysome
otherMagistrateinsuchdistrict,heshallstayproceedingsandsubmitthecase,withabriefreportexplaining
its nature, to the Sessions Judge or to such other Magistrate, having jurisdiction, as the Sessions
Judgedirects.

(2)TheMagistratetowhomthecaseissubmittedmay,ifsoempowered,eithertrythecasehimselfor
sendthecasefortrialtotheCourtofSessionortheHighCourt.]
2[347. Procedure when after commencement of trial, Magistrate finds case should be tried by
CourtofSessionorHighCourt.IfinanytrialbeforeaMagistrate,beforesigningjudgment,itappearsto
himatanystageoftheproceedingsthatthecaseisonewhichoughttobetriedbytheCourtofSessionor
HighCourt,heshallsendthecasetotheCourtofSessionorHighCourt,fortrial.]
3[348. Trial of persons previously convicted of offences against coinage, stamplaw or property.
(1)] Whoever, having been convicted of an offence punishable under ChapterXII or Chapter XVII of the
Pakistan Penal Code (XLV of 1860) with imprisonment for a term of three years or upwards, is again
accused of any offence punishable under either of those chapters with imprisonment for a term of three
years or upwards, shall 4[if the Magistrate before whom the case is pending is satisfied that there are
sufficientgrounds 5[forthetrialoftheaccusedbytheCourtofSessionorHighCourt,asthecasemaybe,
send the accused for trial to such Court] unless the Magistrate 6[is competent to try the case and] is of
opinionthathecanhimselfpassanadequatesentenceiftheaccusedisconvicted:
7*****

8[(2)WhenanypersonissentfortrialtotheCourtofSessionorHighCourtundersubsection(1),any
otherpersonaccusedjointlywithhiminthetrialshallbesimilarlysentfortrial.]

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,fororiginalsection346.ThissectionwaspreviouslyamendedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26
of1951),s.3andSecondSchedule.
2 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.fortheoriginalsection347.ThissectionwaspreviouslyamendedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923)s.92.
3 S.348wasrenumberedassubsection(1)ofthatsectionbyAct18of1923,s.12.
4 Ins.ibid.
5 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forforcommittingtheacusedbecommittedtotheCourtofSessionorHighCourt,asthecasemaybe.
6 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.92,forbeforewhomtheproceedingsarepending.
7 ProvisoomittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.TheprovisowaspreviouslyamendedbyAct18of1923,s.92.
8 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,fortheoriginalsubsection(2).
ThissubsectionwaspreviouslyamendedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.92.

Page 133 of 319


349. Procedure when Magistrate cannot pass sentence sufficiently severe.(1) Whenever a
Magistrateofthesecondorthirdclass,havingjurisdiction,isofopinion,afterhearingtheevidenceforthe
prosecutionandtheaccused,thattheaccusedisguilty,andthatheoughttoreceiveapunishmentdifferent
inkindfrom,ormoreseverethan,thatwhichsuchMagistrateisempoweredtoinflict,orthatheoughttobe
requiredtoexecuteabondundersection106,hemayrecordtheopinionandsubmithisproceedings,and
forwardtheaccused,1[toaMagistrateofthefirstclassspeciallyempoweredinthisbehalfbytheProvincial
Government]towhomheissubordinate.

2[(1A)WhenmoreaccusedthanonearebeingtriedtogetherandtheMagistrateconsidersitnecessary
toproceedundersubsection(1)inregardtoanyofsuchaccused,heshallforwardalltheaccusedwhoare
inhisopinionguiltytothe1[Magistrateempoweredundersubsection(1).]

(2)TheMagistratetowhomtheproceedingsaresubmittedmay,ifhethinksfit,examinethepartiesand
recallandexamineanywitnesswhohasalreadygivenevidenceinthecaseandmaycallforandtakeany
further evidence, and shall pass such Judgment, sentence or order in the case as he thinks fit, and as is
accordingtolaw:

Provided that he shall not inflict a punishment more severe than he is empowered to inflict under
sections32and33.
3[350.Convictionanevidencepartlyrecordedbyonepresidingofficerandpartlybyanother.(1)
WheneveranySessionsJudgeorMagistrate,afterhavingheardandrecordedthewholeoranypartofthe
evidenceinaninquiryoratrial,ceasestoexerciseJurisdictiontherein,andissucceededbyanotherSessions
Judge or Magistrate who has and who exercises such jurisdiction, the Sessions Judge or Magistrate so
succeedingmayactontheevidencesorecordedbyhispredecessor,orpartlyrecordedbyhispredecessor
andpartlyrecordedbyhimselforhemayreexaminethewitnessesandrecommencetheinquiryortrial:

Providedthat

(a)WheretheconvictionwasheldbeforeaSessionsJudge,theHighCourtand

(b)wheretheconvictionwasheldbeforeaMagistrate,theHighCourtortheCourtofSession,

may, whether there be an appeal or not, set aside any conviction passed on evidence not wholly
recorded by the Sessions Judge or Magistrate before whom the conviction was held, if such Court is of
opinionthattheaccusedhasbeenmateriallyprejudicedthereby,andmayorderanewinquiryortrial.]

(2) Nothing in this section applies to cases in which proceedings have been stayed under section 346
4[orinwhichproceedingshavebeensubmittedtoa5[Magistratespeciallyempowered]undersection349].

4[(3)WhenacaseistransferredundertheprovisionsofthisCodefromoneMagistratetoanother,the
formershallbedeemedtoceasetoexercisejurisdictionthereinandtobesucceededbythelatterwithinthe
meaningofsubsection(1).]

1 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2&sch.
2 Subsection(1A)ins.byAct18of1923,s.93.
3 Section350(1)whichwaspreviouslyamendedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,havebeensubs.bythCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmendment)Ordinance,1980(8of1980),s.2,to
readasabove.
4 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.94.
5 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.

1[350A.ChangesinconstitutionofBenches.NoorderorjudgmentofaBenchofMagistratesshallbeinvalid
Page 134 of 319
1[350A.ChangesinconstitutionofBenches.NoorderorjudgmentofaBenchofMagistratesshallbeinvalid
byreasononlyofachangehavingoccurredintheconstitutionoftheBenchinanycaseinwhichtheBenchbywhich
such order or judgment is passed is duly constituted under sections 15 and 16, and the Magistrates constituting the
samehavebeenpresentontheBenchthroughouttheproceedings.]

351. Detention of offenders attending Court.(1) Any person attending a Criminal Court, although not under
arrest or upon a summons, may be detained by such Court for the purpose of inquiry into or trial of any offence of
whichsuchCourtcantakecognizanceandwhich,fromtheevidence,mayappeartohavebeencommitted,andmaybe
proceededagainstasthoughhehadbeenarrestedorsummoned.

(2)Whenthedetentiontakesplace 2***afteratrialhasbeenbeguntheproceedingsinrespectofsuchperson
shallbecommencedafresh,andthewitnessesreheard.

352.Courtstobeopen.TheplaceinwhichanyCriminalCourtisheldforthepurposeofinquiringintoortrying
any offence shall be deemed an open Court, to which the public generally may have access, so far as the same can
convenientlycontainthem:

3[(1)]ProvidedthatthePresidingJudgeorMagistratemay,ifhethinksfit,orderatanystageofanyinquiryinto,
or trial of, any particular case, that the public generally, or any particular person, shall not have access to, or be or
remainin,theroomorbuildingusedbytheCourt.

3["(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsection (1), the trial of offences under sections 354A, 376,
376A,377and377BofthePakistanPenalCode,1860(ActXLVof1860)shallbeconductedincamera:

ProvidedthatthePresidingOfficer,ifhethinksfit,oronanapplicationmadebyeitheroftheparties,allowany
particularpersontohaveaccessto,orbeorremainin,theCourt.

(3) Where any proceeding are held under subsection (2), the Government may adopt appropriate measures,
includingholdingofthetrialthroughvideolinkorusageofscreens,forprotectionofthevictimandthewitnesses.

(4)Whereanyproceedingsareheldundersubsection(2),itshallnotbelawfulforanypersontoprintorpublish
orbroadcastanymatterinrelationtoanysuchproceedings,exceptwithpermissionoftheCourt.].

CHAPTERXXV
OFTHEMODEOFTAKINGANDRECORDINGEVIDENCEININQUIRIESANDTRIALS

353.Evidencetobetakeninpresenceofaccused.Exceptasotherwiseexpresslyprovided,allevidencetaken
under 4[Chapters XX, XXI, XXII and XXIIA] shall be taken in the presence of the accused, or, when his personal
attendanceisdispensedwith,inpresenceofhispleader.

354. Manner of recording evidence. In inquiries and trials (other than summary trials) under this Code by or
beforeaMagistrate5***orSessionsJudge,theevidenceofthewitnessesshallberecordedinthefollowingmanner.

1 S.350Ains.ibid,s.95.
2 ThewordsinthecourseofaninquiryunderChapterXVIIIoromittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
3 Renumber,addedbyActXLIVof2016,s.13.
4 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forChaptersXVIII,XX,XXI,XXII,andXXIII.
5 Theparenthesisandwords(otherthanaPresidencyMagistrate)omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.

Page 135 of 319


355. 1[Record in trials of certain cases by first and Second class Magistrates].(1) 2[In
casestriedunderChapterXXorChapterXXII]byaMagistrateofthefirstorsecondclassandin
all proceedings under section 514 (if not in the course of a trial), the Magistrate shall make a
memorandum of the substance of the evidence of each witness as the examination of the witness
proceeds.

(2) Such memorandum shall be written and signed by the Magistrate with his own hand, and
shallformpartoftherecord.

(3) If the Magistrate is prevented from making a memorandum as above required, he shall
recordthereasonofhisinabilitytodoso,andshallcausesuchmemorandumtobemadeinwriting
fromhisdictationinopenCourt,andshallsignthesame,andsuchmemorandumshallformpartof
therecord.

356. Record in other cases.(1) 3[In trials before Courts of Session and in inquiries under
Chapter XII], the evidence of each witness shall be taken down in writing in the language of the
CourtbytheMagistrateorSessionsJudge,orinhispresenceandhearingandunderhispersonal
directionandsuperintendenceandshallbesignedbytheMagistrateorSessionsJudge.

(2) Evidence given in English. When the evidence of such witness is given in English, the
MagistrateorSessionsJudgemaytakeitdowninthatlanguagewithhisownhand,and,unlessthe
accusedisfamiliarwithEnglish,orthelanguageoftheCourtisEnglish,anauthenticatedtranslation
ofsuchevidenceinthelanguageoftheCourtshallformpartoftherecord.
4[(2A) When the evidence of such witness is given in any other language, not being English,
thanthelanguageoftheCourt,theMagistrateorSessionsJudgemaytakeitdowninthatlanguage
withhisownhand,orcauseittobetakendowninthatlanguageinhispresenceandhearingand
underhispersonaldirectionandsuperintendence,andanauthenticatedtranslationofsuchevidence
inthelanguageoftheCourtorinEnglishshallformpartoftherecord.]

(3)MemorandumwhenevidencenottakendownbytheMagistrateorJudgehimself.In
cases in which the evidence is not taken down in writing by the Magistrate or Sessions Judge, he
shall,astheexaminationofeachwitnessproceeds,makeamemorandumofthesubstanceofwhat
such witness deposes and such memorandum shall be written and signed by the Magistrate or
SessionsJudgewithhisownhand,andshallformpartoftherecord.

(4) If the Magistrate or Sessions Judge is prevented from making a memorandum as above
required,heshallrecordthereasonofhisinabilitytomakeit.

1 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.,forInsummonscasestriedbeforeaMagistrateandincasesoftheoffencesmentionedinsubsection(1)ofsecton260,clauses(b)to(m),bothinclusive,
whentried."
2 Subs.ibid.,fortheoriginalmarginalheading.
3 Subs.ibid.,forInallothertrialsbeforeCourtsofSessionandMagistrates,andinallinquiriesunderChapterXIIandXVIII.
4 Subsection(2A)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.96.

Page 136 of 319


357.Languageofrecordofevidence._(1)The1[ProvincialGovernment]maydirectthatinanydistrict
or part of a district, or in proceedings before any Court of Session, or before any Magistrate or class of
Magistratestheevidenceofeachwitnessshall,inthecasesreferredtoinsection356,betakendownbythe
Sessions Judge or Magistrate with his own hand and in his mothertongue, unless he is prevented by any
sufficient reason from taking down the evidence of any witness, in which case he shall record the reason
ofhisinabilitytodosoandshallcausetheevidencetobetakendowninwritingfromhisdictationinopen
Court.

(2)TheevidencesotakendownshallbesignedbytheSessionsJudgeorMagistrate,andshallformpart
oftherecord:

Providedthatthe 1[Provincial Government] may direct the Session Judge or Magistrate to take down
the evidence in the English language or in the language of the Court, although such language is not his
mothertongue.

358.OptiontoMagistrateincasesundersection355.Incasesofthekindmentionedinsection355,
theMagistratemay,ifhethinksfit,takedowntheevidenceofanywitnessinthemannerprovidedinsection
356, or, if within the local limits of the jurisdiction of such Magistrate the 1[Provincial Government] has
madetheorderreferredtoinsection357,inthemannerprovidedinthesamesection.

359. Mode of recording evidence under section 356 or section 357.__(1) Evidence taken under
section356orsection357shallnotordinarilybetakendownintheformofquestionandanswer,butinthe
formofanarrative.

(2)TheMagistrateorSessionsJudgemay,inhisdiscretion,takedown,orcausetobetakendown,any
particularquestionandanswer.

360. Procedure in regard to such evidence when completed._(1) As the evidence of each witness
taken under section 356 or section 357 is completed, it shall be read over to him in the presence of the
accused,ifinattendance,orofhispleader,ifheappearsbypleader,andshall,ifnecessary,becorrected.

(2)Ifthewitnessdeniesthecorrectnessofanypartoftheevidencewhenthesameisreadovertohim,
theMagistrateorSessionsJudgemay,insteadofcorrectingtheevidence,makeamemorandumthereonof
theobjectionmadetoitbythewitness,andshalladdsuchremarksashethinksnecessary.

(3)Iftheevidenceistakendowninalanguagedifferentfromthatinwhichithasbeengivenandthe
witnessdoesnotunderstandthelanguageinwhichitistakendown,theevidencesotakendownshallbe
interpretedtohiminthelanguageinwhichitwasgiven,orinalanguagewhichheunderstands.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.

Page 137 of 319


361. Interpretation of evidence to accused or his pleader.__ (1) Whenever any evidence is
given in a language not understood by the accused, and he is present in person, it shall be
interpretedtohiminopenCourtinalanguageunderstoodbyhim.

(2)Ifheappearsbypleaderandtheevidenceisgiveninalanguageotherthanthelanguageof
the Court, and not understood by the pleader, it shall be interpreted to such pleader in that
language.

(3)Whendocumentsareputinforthepurposeofformalproof,itshallbeinthediscretionof
theCourttointerpretasmuchthereofasappearsnecessary.

362.[RecordofevidenceinPresidencyMagistrate'sCourt.]OmittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.

363. Remarks respecting demeanour of witness. When a Sessions Judge or Magistrate has
recorded the evidence of a witness, he shall also record such remarks (if any) as he thinks
materialrespectingthedemeanourofsuchwitnesswhilstunderexamination.

364.Examinationofaccusedhowrecorded.__(1)Whenevertheaccusedisexaminedbyany
Magistrate, or by any Court other than a High Court 1* * * , 2* * * ,3* * *, the whole of such
examination,includingeveryquestionputtohimandeveryanswergivenbyhim,shallberecorded
infull,inthelanguageinwhichheisexamined,or,ifthatisnotpracticable,inthelanguageofthe
CourtorinEnglish:andsuchrecordshallbeshownorreadtohim,or,ifhedoesnotunderstand
thelanguageinwhichitiswritten,shallbeinterpretedtohiminalanguagewhichheunderstands,
andheshallbeatlibertytoexplainoraddtohisanswers.

(2)Whenthewholeismadeconformabletowhathedeclaresisthetruth,therecordshallbe
signed by the accused and the Magistrate or Judge of such Court, and such Magistrate or Judge
shall certify under his own hand that the examination was taken in his presence and hearing and
thattherecordcontainsafullandtrueaccountofthestatementmadebytheaccused.

(3)IncasesinwhichtheexaminationoftheaccusedisnotrecordedbytheMagistrateorJudge
himself,heshallbebound,4***astheexaminationproceeds,tomakeamemorandumthereofin
thelanguageoftheCourt,orinEnglish,ifheissufficientlyacquaintedwiththelatterlanguageand
suchmemorandumshallbewrittenandsignedbytheMagistrateorJudgewithhisownhand,and
shall be annexed to the record. If the Magistrate or Judge is unable to make a memorandum as
aboverequired,heshallrecordthereasonofsuchinability.

1 ThewordswithinthemeaningoftheGovernmentofIndiaAct,1935,whichweresubs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,forestablishedbyRoyalCharter[ortheChiefCourtofOudh]omittedbyA.O.,

1961,Art.2andSch.,(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),Thewordsincrotchetswereins.bytheOudhCourts(Supplementary)Act,1925(32of1925),s.2andSch.
2 ThewordsortheChiefCourtofthePunjabrep.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1919(18of1919).
3 ThewordortheChiefCourtofLowerBurmarep.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1923(11of1923),s.3&sch.II.
4 ThewordsunlessheisaPresidencyMagistraterep.bythecodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act1923(37of1923),s.2.

Page 138 of 319


(4) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to apply to the examination of an accused person under
section2631***.

365.RecordofevidenceinHighCourt.EveryHighCourt 2*** 3*** 4*** 5[shall]fromtimeto


time,bygeneralruleprescribethemannerinwhichevidenceshallbetakendownincasescomingbefore
theCourt,6[andtheevidenceshallbetakendowninaccordancewithsuchrule].

_______________

CHAPTERXXVI

OFTHEJUDGMENT

366.Modeofdeliveringjudgment._(1)ThejudgmentineverytrialinanyCriminalCourtoforiginal
jurisdictionshallbepronounced,orthesubstanceofsuchjudgmentshallbeexplained,__

(a)inopenCourteitherimmediatelyaftertheterminationofthetrialoratsomesubsequenttimeof
whichnoticeshallbegiventothepartiesortheirpleaders,and

(b) in the language of the Court, or in some other language which the accused or his pleader
understands:

ProvidedthatthewholejudgmentshallbereadoutbythepresidingJudge,ifheisrequestedsotodo
eitherbytheprosecutionorthedefence.

(2) The accused shall, if in custody, be brought up, or, if not in custody, be required by the Court to
attend, to hear judgement delivered, except where his personal attendance during the trial has been
dispensedwithandthesentenceisoneoffineonlyorheisacquitted,ineitherofwhichcasesitmaybe
deliveredinthepresenceofhispleader.

(3)NojudgmentdeliveredbyanyCriminalCourtshallbedeemedtobeinvalidbyreasononlyofthe
absenceofanypartyorhispleaderonthedayorfromtheplacenotifiedforthedeliverythereof,orofany
omissiontoserve,ordefectinserving,onthepartiesortheirpleaders,oranyofthem,thenoticeofsuch
dayandplace.

(4)Nothinginthissectionshallbeconstruedtolimitinanywaytheextentoftheprovisionsofsection
537.

1 ThewordsorinthecourseofatrialheldbyaPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O,1949,Sch.Thesewordsweresubs.byAct37of1923,s.2,for"orsection362,subsection(2A)whichhad
beenins.byAct18of1923,s.98.
2 ThewordswithinthemeaningoftheGovernmentofIndiaAct,1935,whichweresubs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,forestablishedbyRoyalCharter[ortheChiefCourtofOudh]omittedbyA.O.,

1961,Art.2andSch.,(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),ThewordsincrotchetswereinsbytheOudhCourts(Supplementary)Act,1925(32of1925),s.2andSch.
3 Thewordandrep.bytheLowerBurmaCourtsAct,1900(6of1900).
4 ThewordstheChiefCourtofthePunjabrep.byAct18of1919.
5 ThewordsandtheChiefCourtofLowerBurmarep.byAct11of1923,s.3andSch.II.
6 Subs.for"maybythecodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.99.

Page 139 of 319


367. Language of judgment Contents of judgment.__(1) Every such judgment shall, except as
otherwise expressly provided by this Code, be written by the presiding officer of the Court 1[or from the
dictationofsuchpresidingofficer]inthelanguageoftheCourt,orinEnglishandshallcontainthepoint
orpoints,fordetermination,thedecision,thereonandthereasonsforthedecision,andshallbedatedand
signedbythepresidingofficerinopenCourtatthetimeofpronouncingit 2[andwhereitisnotwrittenby
thepresidingofficerwithhisownhand,everypageofsuchjudgmentshallbesignedbyhim].

(2)Itshallspecifytheoffence(ifany)ofwhich,andthesectionofthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof
1860)orotherlawunderwhich,theaccusedisconvicted,andthepunishmenttowhichheissentenced.

(3)Judgmentinalternative.WhentheconvictionisunderthePakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860)and
itisdoubtfulunderwhichoftwosections,orunderwhichoftwopartsofthesamesection,ofthatCodethe
offencefalls,theCourtshalldistinctlyexpressthesame,andpassjudgmentinthealternative.

(4)Ifitbeajudgmentofacquittal,itshallstatetheoffenceofwhichtheaccusedisacquittedanddirect
thathebesetatliberty.

(5)Iftheaccusedisconvictedofanoffencepunishablewithdeath,andtheCourtsentenceshimtoany
punishmentotherthandeath,theCourtshallinitsjudgmentstatethereasonwhysentenceofdeathwasnot
passed [.] 3

*****
4

[(6)Forthepurposesofthissection,anorderundersection118orsection123,subsection(3),shallbe
5

deemedtobeajudgment.]

368.Sentenceofdeath._(1)Whenanypersonissentencedtodeath,thesentenceshalldirectthathebe
hangedbythenecktillheisdead.
6
*****

369.Courtnottoalterjudgment. 7[SaveasotherwiseprovidedbythisCodeorbyanyotherlawfor
thetimebeinginforceor,inthecaseofaHighCourt8***,bytheLettersPatentofsuchHighCourt,no
Court],whenithassigneditsjudgment,shallalterorreviewthesame,except 9***tocorrectaclerical
error.

1 Ins.ibid.,s.100.
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.100.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.,forfullstop.
ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,see,para2offootnote3onp.40,supra.
4 Provisoomittedibid.
5 Subsection(6)ins.ibid.
6 Subsection(2)omittedbytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974,(25of1974),s.2andSch.,(w.e.f.1341972)
7 Subs.ibid.,s.101,forNoCourtotherthanaHighCourt.
8 ThewordsestablishedbyRoyalCharteromittedbytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960)s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955).
9 Thewordsandfiguresasprovidedinsections395and484orrep.byAct18of1923,s.101.

Page 140 of 319


370.[PresidencyMagistrate'sjudgment.]OmittedbyA.O.1949,Sch.

371. Copy of Judgment, etc., to be given to accused 1**.2[(1) In every case where the accused is
convicted of an offence, a copy of the judgment shall be given to him at the time of pronouncing the
judgment,or,whentheaccusedsodesires,atranslationofthejudgmentinhisownlanguage,ifpracticable,
orinthelanguageoftheCourt,shallbegiventohimwithoutdelay.Suchcopyortranslationshallbegiven
freeofcost:
3[Providedthatthissubsectionshallnotapplytocasestriedsummarily].

4
*******

(3)Caseofpersonsentencedtodeath.WhentheaccusedissentencedtodeathbyaSessionsJudge,
suchJudgeshallfurtherinformhimoftheperiodwithinwhich,ifhewishestoappeal,hisappealshouldbe
preferred.

372. Judgment when to be translated. The original judgment shall be filed with the record of
proceedings, and, where the original is recorded in a different language from that of the Court, and the
accusedsorequires,atranslationthereofintothelanguageoftheCourtshallbeaddedtosuchrecord.

373.CourtofSessiontosendcopyoffindingandsentenceto5[officerinchargeofprosecution].In
casestriedbytheCourtofSession,theCourtshallforwardacopyofitsfindingandsentence(ifany)tothe
5[officerinchargeofprosecutioninthedistrict]withinthelocallimitsofwhoseJurisdictionthetrialwas
held.

CHAIPTERXXVII

OFTHESUBMISSIONOFSENTENCESFORCONFIRMATION

374. Sentence of death to be submitted by Court of Session. When the Court of Session passes
sentence of death, the proceedings shall be submitted to the High Court and the sentence shall not be
executedunlessitisconfirmedbytheHighCourt.

375. Power to Direct further inquiry to be made or additional evidence to be taken.(1) If when
such proceedings are submitted the High Court thinks that a further inquiry should be made into, or
additionalevidencetakenupon,anypointbearingupontheguiltorinnocenceoftheconvictedperson,it
maymakesuchinquiryortakesuchevidenceitself,ordirectittobemadeortakenbytheCourtofSession.

[(2)UnlesstheHighCourtotherwisedirects,thepresenceoftheconvictedpersonmaybedispensed
6

withwhensuchinquiryismadeorsuchevidenceistaken].

1 Thewordsonapplicationomitted,ibid.
2 Subsection(1)subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.
3 Subs.byord.15of02,s.2.
4 Subsection(2)omittedibid.
5 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.62(w.e.f14082001).
6 Subs.ibid.,fortheoriginalsubsection(2).

Page 141 of 319


(3)Whentheinquiryandtheevidence(ifany)arenotmadeandtakenbytheHighCourt,theresultof
suchinquiryandtheevidenceshallbecertifiedtosuchCourt.

376. Power of High Court to confirm sentence or annul conviction. In any case submitted under
section374,1***theHighCourt

(a)mayconfirmthesentence,orpassanyothersentencewarrantedbylaw,or

(b)mayannultheconviction,andconvicttheaccusedofanyoffenceofwhichthe

Sessions Court might have convicted him, or order a new trial on the same or an amended
charge,or

(c)mayacquittheaccusedperson:

Provided that no order of confirmation shall be made under this section until the period allowed for
preferring an appeal has expired, or, if an appeal is presented within such period, until such appeal is
disposedof.

377. Confirmation of new sentence to be signed by two Judges. In every case so submitted, the
confirmation of the sentence, or any new sentence, or order passed by the High Court, shall, when such
Courtconsistsoftwoormorejudges,bemade,passedandsignedbyatleasttwoofthem.

378. Procedure in case of difference of opinion. When any such case is heard before a Bench of
Judges and such Judges are equally divided in opinion, the case, will their opinions thereon, shall be laid
beforeanotherJudge,andsuchJudge,aftersuchhearingashethinksfit,shalldeliverhisopinion,andthe
judgmentorordershallfollowsuchopinion.

379.ProcedureincasessubmittedtoHighCourtforconfirmation.IncasessubmittedbytheCourt
of Session to the High Court for the confirmation of a sentence of death, the proper officer of the High
Courtshall,withoutdelay,aftertheorderofconfirmationorotherorderhasbeenmadebytheHighCourt,
send a copy of the order, under the seal of the High Court and attested with his official signature, to the
CourtofSession.

[380.ProcedureincasessubmittedbyMagistratenotempoweredtoactundersection562.Where
2

proceedings are submitted to a Magistrate of the first class or a Subdivisional Magistrate as provided by
section562,suchMagistratemaythereuponpasssuchsentenceormakesuchorderashemighthavepassed
ormadeifthecasehadoriginallybeenheardbyhim,and,ifhethinksfurtherinquiryoradditionalevidence
onanypointtobenecessary,hemaymakesuchinquiryortakesuchevidencehimselfordirectsuchinquiry
orevidencetobemadeortraken.

1 Thewordswhethertriedwiththeaidofassessorsorbyjury.OmittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andsch.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalprocedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.

Page 142 of 319


CHAPTERXXVIII

OFEXECUTION

381. Execution of order passed under section 376. When a sentence of death passed by a
Court of Session is submitted to the High Court for confirmation, such Court of Session shall, on
receivingtheorderofconfirmationorotherorderoftheHighCourtthereon,causesuchordertobe
carriedintoeffectbyissuingawarrantortakingsuchotherstepsasmaybenecessary1[:]
1[Providedthatthesentenceofdeathshallnotbeexecutediftheheirsofthedeceasedpardon
the convict or enter into a compromise with him even at the last moment before execution of the
sentence].

382.Postponementofcapitalsentenceonpregnantwoman.Ifawomansentencedtodeath
isfoundtobepregnant,theHighCourtshallordertheexecutionofthesentencetobepostponed,
andmay,ifitthinksfit,commutethesentenceto2[imprisonmentforlife].
3[382A. Postponement of execution of sentences of imprisonment under section 476 or
for a period of less than one year. Notwithstanding anything contained in section 383 or 391,
wheretheaccused__

(a)isawardedanysentenceofimprisonmentundersection476,or

(b) is sentenced in cases other than those provided for in section 381, to
imprisonment whether with or without fine or whipping, for a period of less than one
year,

the sentence shall not, if the accused furnishes bail to the satisfaction of the Court for his
appearance at such time and place as the Court may direct, be executed, until the expiry of the
periodprescribedformakinganappealagainstsuchsentence,or,ifanappealismadewithinthat
time,untilthesentenceofimprisonmentisconfirmedbytheAppellateCourt,butthesentenceshall
be executed as soon as practicable after the expiry of the period prescribed for making an
appeal,or,incaseofanappeal,assoonaspracticableafterthereceiptoftheorderoftheAppellate
Courtconfirmingthesentence.

382B. Period of detention to be considered while awarding sentence of


imprisonment.WhereaCourtdecidestopassasentenceofimprisonmentonanaccusedforan
offence, it 4[shall] take into consideration the period, if any, during which such accused was
detainedincustodyforsuchoffence.

1 Subs.andaddedbyActIIof1997,s.14.
2 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransportation(w.e.f13.4.72)
3 Section382A,section382Bandsection382Cins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Ordinance,1979(71of1979),s.2.formay.

Page 143 of 319


382C. Scandalous or false and frivalous pleas to be considered in passing
sentence. In passing a sentence on an accused for any offence, a Court may take into
consideration any scandalous or false and frivolous plea taken in defence by him or on his
behalf.]

383. Execution of sentences of 1[imprisonment for life] or imprisonment in other


cases.Wheretheaccusedissentencedto 1[imprisonment for life] or imprisonment in cases
other than those provided for by section 381, 2[and section 382A], the Court passing the
sentenceshallforthwithforwardawarranttothejailinwhichheis,oristobe,confined,and,
unless the accused is already confined in such jail, shall forward him to such jail, with the
warrant.

384.Directionofwarrantforexecution.Everywarrantfortheexecutionofasentence
ofimprisonmentshallbedirectedtotheofficerinchargeofthejailorotherplaceinwhich
theprisoneris,oristobe,confined.

385.Warrantwithwhomtobelodged.Whentheprisoneristobeconfinedinajail,the
warrantshallbelodgedwiththejailor.
3[386.Warrantforlevyoffine._(1)Wheneveranoffenderhasbeensentencedtopaya
fine,theCourtpassingthesentencemaytakeactionfortherecoveryofthefineineitheror
bothofthefollowingways,thatistosay,itmay ___

(a)issueawarrantforthelevyoftheamountbyattachmentandsaleofanymovable
propertybelongingtotheoffender

(b)issueawarranttothe4[DistrictOfficer(Revenue)]authorisinghimtorealisethe
amountbyexecutionaccordingtocivilprocessagainstthemovableorimmovable
property,orboth,ofthedefaulter:

Provided that, if the sentence directs that in default of payment of the fine the offender
shallbeimprisoned,andifsuchoffenderhasundergonethewholeofsuchimprisonmentin
default,noCourtshallissuesuchwarrant.5***

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransportation(W.e.f13.4.1972).
2 Ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.102,fortheoriginals.386.
4 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.63(w.e.f14082001).
5 Thewordsunlessforspecialreasonstoberecordedinwritingitconsidersitnecessarytodoso"omittedbyOrdinance12of1972,S.2andSch.

(2) The 1[Provincial Government] may


Pagemake
144rules2 regulating the manner in which warrants
of 319
(2) The 1[Provincial Government] may make rules2 regulating the manner in which warrants
under subsection (1), clause (a), are to be executed, and for the summary determination of any
claimsmadebyanypersonotherthantheoffenderinrespectofanypropertyattachedinexecution
ofsuchwarrant.

(3) Where the Courts issue a warrant to the 3[District Officer (Revenue)] under subsection
(1),clause(b),suchwarrantshallbedeemedtobeadecree,andtheCollectortobethedecree
holder,withinthemeaningoftheCodeofCivilProcedure,1908(Vof1908),andthenearestCivil
Courtbywhichanydecreeforalikeamountcouldbeexecutedshall,forthepurposesofthesaid
Code,bedeemedtobetheCourtwhichpassedthedecree,andalltheprovisionsofthatCodeasto
executionofdecreesshallapplyaccordingly:

Provided that no such warrant shall be executed by the arrest or detention in prison of the
offender.]

387.Effectofsuchwarrant.4[Awarrantissuedundersection386,subsection(1),clause(a),
byanyCourt]maybeexecutedwithinthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionofsuchCourt,anditshall
authorizethe 5[attachment] and sale of any such property without such limits, when endorsed by
the3***Magistrate6***withinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionsuchpropertyisfound.
7[388. Suspension of execution of sentence of imprisonment.(1) When an offender has
beensentencedtofineonlyandtoimprisonmentindefaultofpaymentofthefine,andthefineis
notpaidforthwith,theCourtmay

(a)orderthatthefineshallbepayableeitherinfullonorbeforeadatenotmorethanthirty
daysfromthedateoftheorder,orintwoorthreeinstalments,ofwhichthefirstshallbe
payableonorbeforeadatenotmorethanthirtydaysfromthedateoftheorderandthe
otherorothersatanintervaloratintervals,asthecasemaybe,ofnotmorethanthirty
days,and

(b)suspendtheexecutionofthesentenceofimprisonmentandreleasetheoffender,onthe
execution by the offender of a bond, with or without sureties, as the Court thinks
fit, conditioned for his appearance before the Court on the date or dates on or before
which payment of the fine or the instalments thereof, as the case may be, is to be
made and if the amount of the fine or of any installment, as the case may be, is not
realised on or before the latest date on which it is payable under the order, the Court
maydirectthesentenceofimprisonmenttobecarriedintoexecutionatonce.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
2 ForKarachiRulesforRecoveryofFines,1960,seeGaz.ofKarachi,1960,Pt.II,pp.8384.
3 Subs.andomittedbyOrd.37of2001,S.6364(w.e.f14082001).
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.103,forSuchwarrant.
5 Subs.ibid.,fordistress.
6 ThewordsorChiefPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
7 Subs.bythecodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act,1923(37of1923),s.3,fortheoriginals.388.

Page 145 of 319


(2) The provisions of subsection (1) shall be applicable also in any case in which an order for the
paymentofmoneyhasbeenmadeonnonrecoveryofwhichimprisonmentmaybeawardedandthemoney
isnotpaidforthwithand,ifthepersonagainstwhomtheorderhasbeenmade,onbeingrequiredtoenter
intoabondsuchasisreferredtointhatsubsection,failstodoso,theCourtmayatoncepasssentenceof
imprisonment.]

389.Whomayissuewarrant.Everywarrantfortheexecutionofanysentencemaybeissuedeitherby
theJudgeorMagistratewhopassedthesentence,orbyhissuccessorinoffice.

390. Execution of sentence of whipping only. When the accused is sentenced to whipping only, the
sentenceshall 1[subjecttotheprovisionsofsection391]beexecutedatsuchplaceandtimeastheCourt
maydirect.

391.Executionofsentenceofwhipping,inadditiontoimprisonment.(1)Whentheaccused__

[(a)issentencedtowhippingonlyandfurnishesbailtothesatisfactionoftheCourtforhisappearance
2

atsuchtimeandplaceastheCourtmaydirect,or

(b) is sentenced to whipping in addition to imprisonment,] the whipping shall not be inflicted until
fifteen days fromthedateofthesentence,or,ifan appeal is made within that time, until the sentenceis
confirmedbytheAppellateCourt,butthewhippingshallbeinflictedassoonaspracticableaftertheexpiry
of the fifteen days, or, in case of an appeal, as soon as practicable after the receipt of the order of the
AppellateCourtconfirmingthesentence.

(2)Thewhippingshallbeinflictedinthepresenceoftheofficerinchargeofthejail,unlesstheJudgeor
Magistrateordersittobeinflictedinhisownpresence.

(3) No accused person shall be sentenced to whipping in addition to imprisonment when the term of
imprisonmenttowhichheissentencedislessthanthreemonths.

392. Mode of inflicting punishment.(1) In the case of a person of or over sixteen years of age
whippingshallbeinflictedwithalightrattannotlessthanhalfaninchindiameter,insuchmode,andon
suchpartoftheperson,asthe 3[ProvincialGovernment]directsand,inthecaseofapersonundersixteen
yearsofage,itshallbeinflictedinsuchmode,andonsuchpartoftheperson,andwithsuchinstruments,as
the3[ProvincialGovernment]directs.

(2)Limitofnumberofstripes.Innocaseshallsuchpunishmentexceedthirtystripes4[and,inthecase
ofapersonundersixteenyearsofage,itshallnotexceedfifteenstripes].

1 Ins.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(12of1923),s.21.
2 Subs.forissentencedtowhippinginadditiontoimprisonmentinacasewhichissubjecttoappeal,ibid.,s.22.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
4 Ins.bytheWhippingAct,1909(4of1909),s.7.

Page 146 of 319


393. Not to be executed by instalments Exemptions. No sentence of whipping shall be
executed by instalments: and none of the following persons shall be punishable with whipping,
namely:__

(a)females

(b)malessentencedtodeathorto 1[imprisonmentforlife], 2***,ortoimprisonmentfor


morethanfiveyears

(c)maleswhomtheCourtconsiderstobemorethanfortyfiveyearsofage.

394.Whippingnottobeinflictedifoffendernotinfitstateofhealth.(1)Thepunishment
of whipping shall not be inflicted unless a medical officer, if present, certifies, or, if there is not a
medicalofficerpresent,unlessitappearstotheMagistrateorofficerpresent,thattheoffenderisin
afitstateofhealthtoundergosuchpunishment.

(2) Stay of execution. If, during the execution of a sentence of whipping, a medical officer
certifies, or it appears to the Magistrate or officer present, that the offender is not in a fit state of
healthtoundergotheremainderofthesentence,thewhippingshallbefinallystopped.

395. Procedure if punishment cannot be inflicted under section 394.(1) In any case in
which, under section 394, a sentence of whipping is, wholly or partially, prevented from being
executed,theoffendershallbekeptincustodytilltheCourtwhichpassedthesentencecanrevise
itandthesaidCourtmay,atitsdiscretion,eitherremitsuchsentence,orsentencetheoffenderin
lieu of whipping, or in lieu of so much of the sentence of whipping as was not executed, to
imprisonmentforanytermnotexceedingtwelvemonths, 3[ortoafinenotexceedingfivehundred
rupees],whichmaybeinadditiontoanyotherpunishmenttowhichhemayhavebeensentenced
forthesameoffence.

(2)NothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoauthorizeanyCourttoinflictimprisonmentfora
term3[orafineofanamount]exceedingthattowhichtheaccusedisliablebylaw,orthatwhich
thesaidCourtiscompetenttoinflict.

396. Execution of sentences on escaped convicts.(1) When sentence is passed under this
Code on an escaped convict, such sentence, if of death, fine or whipping, shall, subject to the
provisions hereinbefore contained, take effect immediately, and, if of imprisonment, 4* * or
1[imprisonmentforlife],shalltakeeffectaccordingtothefollowingrules,thatistosay:__

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransportation(w.e.f.13.4.72)
2 ThewordsortopenalservitudeomittedbytheCriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscrimintoryPrivileges)Act,1949(2of1950),sch.
3 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.105.
4 ThewordspenalservitudeomittedbytheCriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(2of1950),Sch.

Page 147 of 319


(2)Ifthenewsentenceissevererinitskindthanthesentencewhichsuchconvictwasundergoingwhen
heescaped,thenewsentenceshalltakeeffectimmediately.

(3)Whenthenewsentenceisnotsevererinitskindthanthesentencetheconvictwasundergoingwhen
heescaped,thenewsentenceshalltakeeffectafterhehassufferedimprisonment,1**2***forafurther
periodequaltothatwhich,atthetimeofhisescape,remainedunexpiredofhisformersentence.

Explanation.__Forthepurposesofthissection__
3
*******

(b)asentenceofimprisonmentwithsolitaryconfinementshallbedeemedsevererthanasentenceofthe
samedescriptionofimprisonmentwithoutsolitaryconfinementand

(c)asentenceofrigorousimprisonmentshallbedeemedsevererthanasentenceofsimpleimprisonment
withorwithoutsolitaryconfinement.

397.Sentenceonoffenderalreadysentencedforanotheroffence.Whenapersonalreadyundergoing
asentenceofimprisonment, 1** 4[imprisonmentforlife],issentencedtoimprisonment, 1* 4[imprisonment
for life], such imprisonment, 1* * 4[imprisonment for life] shall commence at the expiration of the
imprisonment, 1** 4[imprisonmentforlife],towhichhehasbeenpreviouslysentenced, 5[unlesstheCourt
directsthatthesubsequentsentenceshallrunconcurrentlywithsuchprevioussentence]:
6
*******

[Provided, further, that where a person who has been sentenced to imprisonment by an order under
7

section123indefaultoffurnishingsecurityis,whilstundergoingsuchsentence,sentencedtoimprisonment
for an offence committed prior to the making of such order, the latter sentence shall commence
immediately.]

398. Saving as to sections 396 and 397.(1) Nothing in section 396 or section 397 shall be held to
excuse any person from any part of the punishment to which he is liable upon his former or subsequent
conviction.

(2)Whenanawardofimprisonmentindefaultofpaymentofafineisannexedtoasubstantivesentence
ofimprisonment,ortoasentenceof8[imprisonmentforlife]9***,andthepersonundergoingthesentence
is after its execution to undergo a further substantive sentence, or further substantive sentences, of
imprisonment, 10[or 8[imprisonment for life], effect shall not be given to the award of imprisonment in
defaultofpaymentofthefineuntilthepersonhasundergonethefurthersentenceorsentences.

1 ThewordspenalservitudeomittedbytheCriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(2of1950),Sch.
2 Thewordsortransporation,asthecasemaybeomittedibid.
3 Clause(a)omittedibid.
4 Subs.ibid.,forortransportation.
5 Ins.byAct18of1923,s.106.
6 ProvisoomittedbyAct25of1974,s.2andSch.
7 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.106.
8 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransporation(W.e.f13472).
9 ThewordsorpenalservitudeforanoffencepunishablewithimprisonmentomittedbyAct18of1923,s.106.
10 Subs.ibid.,fortransportationorpanelservitude.,

Page 148 of 319


399. Confinement of youthful offenders in reformatories.(1) When any person under the age of
fifteenyearsissentencedbyanyCriminalCourttoimprisonmentforanyoffence,theCourtmaydirectthat
suchperson,insteadofbeingimprisonedinacriminaljail,shallbeconfinedinanyreformatoryestablished
by the 1[Provincial Government] as a fit place for confinement, in which there are means of suitable
disciplineandoftraininginsomebranchofusefulindustryorwhichiskeptbyapersonwillingtoobeysuch
rules as the 1[Provincial Government] prescribes with regard to the discipline and training of persons
confinedtherein.

(2)Allpersonsconfinedunderthissectionshallbesubjecttotherulessoprescribed.

(3)ThissectionshallnotapplytoanyplaceinwhichtheReformatorySchoolsAct,1897(VIIIof1897),
isforthetimebeinginforce.

400. Return of warrant on execution of sentence. When a sentence has been fully executed, the
officerexecutingitshallreturnthewarranttotheCourtfromwhichitissued,withanendorsementunderhis
handcertifyingthemannerinwhichthesentencehasbeenexecuted.

CHAPTERXXIX

OFSUSPENSIONS,REMISSIONSANDCOMMUTATIONSOFSENTENCES

401.Powertosuspendorremitsentences.(1)Whenanypersonhasbeensentencedtopunishment
2

for an offence, 3* * * the 1[Provincial Government] may at any time without conditions or upon any
conditionswhichthepersonsentencedaccepts,suspendtheexecutionofhissentenceorremitthewholeor
anypartofthepunishmenttowhichhehasbeensentenced4[:].
4''[Provided that the Provincial Government shall have no power to suspend or remit any sentence
awardedtoanoffenderunderchapterXVIofthePakistanPenalcodeifanoffencehasbeencommittedby
himinthenameoronthepretextofkarokari,siyahkariorsimilarothercustomsorpractices''].

(2) Whenever an application is made to 3* * * the 1[Provincial Government] for the suspension or
remissionofasentence, 3***the 1[ProvincialGovernment], 5***,mayrequirethepresidingJudgeof
the Court before or by which the conviction was had or confirmed to state his opinion as to whether the
applicationshouldbegrantedorrefused,togetherwithhisreasonsforsuchopinion 6[and also to forward
with the statementofsuchopinionacertifiedcopy of the record of the trial or of such record thereof as
exists].

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
2 AsregardsconditionalreleaseofgoodconductprisonersinthePunjab,seetheGoodConductPrisonersProbationalReleaseAct,1926(PunjabAct10of1926).TheChiefCommissionerof
KarachishallexercisethepowersconferredasaProvincialGovernmentunderthissection,subjecttocertainconditions,seeGaz.ofP,1953,Ext.,P.861.
3 ThewordstheG.GinC.orrep.byA.O,1937.
4 Subs.andIns.byActIof2005,s.15.
5 Thewordsasthecasemaybe"rep.ibid.
6 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),section107.

Page 149 of 319


(3) If any condition on which a sentence has been suspended or remitted is, in the 1[opinion of] the
2[Provincial Government], 3* * *, not fulfilled, 4* * * the 2[Provincial Government] may cancel the
suspension or remission, and thereupon the person in whose favour the sentence has been suspended or
remitted may, if at large, be arrested by any policeofficer without warrant and remanded to undergo the
unexpiredportionofthesentence.

(4) The condition on which a sentence is suspended or remitted under this section may be one to be
fulfilledbythepersoninwhosefavourthesentenceissuspendedorremitted,oroneindependentofhiswill.

5[(4A)TheprovisionsoftheabovesubsectionsshallalsoapplytoanyorderpassedbyaCriminalCourt
underanysectionofthisCodeorofanyotherlaw,whichrestrictsthelibertyofanypersonorimposeany
liabilityuponhimorhisproperty.]

(5) Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to interfere with the right of 6[7the President] or of the
8
[Federal Government] when such right is delegated to 9[it]] to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or
remissionsofpunishment.

[(5A)Whereaconditionalpardonisgrantedby7[thePresident]or,invirtueofanypowersdelegatedto
5

9[it],bythe 8[FederalGovernment],anyconditiontherebyimposed,ofwhatevernature,shallbedeemedto
have been imposed by a sentence of a competent Court under this Code and shall be enforceable
accordingly].

(6)The10***2[ProvincialGovernment]may,bygeneralrulesorspecialorders,givedirectionsastothe
suspensionofsentencesandtheconditionsonwhichpetitionsshouldbepresentedanddealtwith.

[402. Power to commute punishment.(1)] The 10* * *2[Provincial Government] may, without the
11

consentofthepersonsentenced,commuteanyoneofthefollowingsentencesoranyothermentionedafter
it:

death, 12[imprisonmentforlife] 13**,rigorousimprisonmentforatermnotexceedingthattowhichhe


mighthavebeensentenced,simpleimprisonmentforaliketerm,fine.

1 Subs.bytheRepealingandAmendingOrdinance,1961(1of1961),section3and2ndSch.,foropinionof***of".TheasterisksdenotetheomissionofG.GinC,orwhichwererep.byA.O.,
1937.
2 Subs.ibid.,for"L.G.".
3 Thewords"asthecasemaybe"rep.ibid.
4 ThewordstheG.GinC.orrep.byA.O.,1937.
5 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.107
6 Subs.bythecodeofCriminalprocedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),forHerMajesty.
7 Subs.byA.O,1961,Art.2andSch.,forHisMajesty(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),
8 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art2andTable,forCentralGovernment"(w.e.f.28.07.75),whichwaspreviouslyamendedbyA.O.,1937,forGovernorGeneral.
9 Subs.ibid.,forhim.
10 ThewordsG.G.inC.andtherep.byA.O.,1937.
11 S.402wasrenumberedassubsection(1)ofthatsectionbyAct18of1923,s.108.TheChiefCommissionerofKarachishallexercisethepowersconferredonaProvincialGovernmentunderthis
sectionsubjecttocertainconditions,seeGazetteofPaksitan,Extra.,1953,p.861.
12 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,for"transportation"(w.e.f.13472).
13 Thewords"Penalservitude"omittedbytheCriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(2of1950),sch.

Page 150 of 319


1[(2)Nothinginthissectionshallaffecttheprovisionsofsection54orsection55ofthePakistanPenal
Code.]
2[402A. Sentences of death. The powers conferred by sections 401 and 402 upon the Provincial

Governmentmay,inthecaseofsentencesofdeath,alsobeexercisedbythe3[President]4***.

5[402B.CertainrestrictionsontheexerciseofpowersbyProvincialGovernment.Notwithstanding
any thing contained in section 401 or sectoion 402, the Provincial Government shall not, except with the
previousapprovalofthePresident,exercisethepowersconferredtherebyinacasewherethePresidenthas
passedanyorderinexerciseofhispowersundertheConstitutiontograntpardons,reprievesandrespitesor
toremit,suspendorcommuteanysentenceorofhispowersundersection402A].

6[402C.Remissionorcommutationofcertainsentencesnottobewithoutconsent.Notwithstanding
anythingcontainedinsection401,section402,section402Aorsection402B,theProvincialGovernment,
theFederalGovernmentorthePresidentshallnot,withouttheconsentofthevictimor,asthecasemaybe,
ofhisheirs,suspend,remitorcommuteanysentencepassedunderanyofthesectionsinChapterXVIofthe
PakistanPenalCode.]

CHAPTERXXX

OFPREVIOUSACQUITTALSORCONVICTIONS

403.Persononceconvictedoracquittednottobetriedforsameoffence.(1)Apersonwhohasonce
beentriedbyaCourtofcompetentjurisdictionforanoffenceandconvictedoracquittedofsuchoffence
shall,whilesuchconvictionoracquittalremainsinforce,notbeliabletobetriedagainforthesameoffence,
nor on the same facts for any other offence for which a different charge from the one made against him
mighthavebeenmadeundersection236,orforwhichhemighthavebeenconvictedundersection237.

(2)Apersonacquittedorconvictedofanyoffencemaybeafterwardstriedforanydistinctoffencefor
which a separate charge might have been made against him on the former trial under section 235, sub
section(1).

(3) A person convicted of any offence constituted by any act causing consequences which,
together with such act, constituted a different offence from that of which he was convicted, may be
afterwardstriedforsuchlastmentionedoffence,iftheconsequenceshadnothappened,orwerenotknown
totheCourttohavehappened,atthetimewhenhewasconvicted.

(4)Apersonacquittedorconvictedofanyoffenceconstitutedbyanyactsmay,notwithstandingsuch
acquittal or conviction, be subsequently charged with, and tried for, any other offence constituted by the
sameactswhichhemayhavecommittediftheCourtbywhichhewasfirsttriedwasnotcompetenttotry
theoffencewithwhichheissubsequentlycharged.

1 Subsection(2)ins.byAct18of1923,s.108.
2 S.402Ains.byA.O.,1937,oftheG.ofI.Act,1935,s.295.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2,for"GovernorGeneral"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
4 Thewords"inhisDiscretion"rep.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andSch.II.
5 Newsection402B,ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1973(57of1973),s.2(w.e.f.29673).
6 AddedbyActIIof1997,s.16.

Page 151 of 319


(5)Nothinginthissectionshallaffecttheprovisionsofsection26oftheGeneralClausesAct,
1897(Xof1897),orsection188ofthisCode.

Explanation._Thedismissalofacomplaint,thestoppingofproceedingsundersection249,1[or
thedischargeoftheaccused]isnotanacquittalforthepurposesofthissection.

Illustrations

(a)Aistrieduponachargeoftheftasaservantandacquitted.Hecannotafterwards,while
the acquittal remains in force, be charged with theft as a servant, or, upon the same
facts,withtheftsimply,orwithcriminalbreachoftrust.

(b)Aistrieduponachargeofmurderandacquitted.Thereisnochargeofrobberybutit
appears from the facts that A committed robbery at the time when the murder was
committedhemayafterwardsbechargedwith,andtriedfor,robbery.

(c)Aistriedforcausinggrievoushurtandconvicted.Thepersoninjuredafterwardsdies.A
maybetriedagainforculpablehomicide.

(d)AischargedbeforetheCourtofSessionandconvictedoftheculpablehomicideofB.
AmaynotafterwardsbetriedonthesamefactsforthemurderofB.

(e)AischargedbyaMagistrateofthefirstclasswith,andconvictedbyhimof,voluntarily
causinghurttoB.Amaynotafterwardsbetriedforvoluntarilycausinggrievoushurtto
Bonthesamefacts,unlessthecasecomeswithinparagraph3ofthesection.

(f)AischargedbyaMagistrateofthesecondclasswith,andconvictedbyhimof,theftof
property from the person of B. A may be subsequently charged with, and tried for,
robberyonthesamefacts.

(g)A,BandCarechargedbyaMagistrateofthefirstclasswith,andconvictedbyhimof,
robbing D. A, B and C may afterwards be charged with, and tried for dacoity on the
samefacts.

_____________

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forthedischargeoftheaccusedoranyentrymadeuponachargeundersection273.

Page 152 of 319


PARTVII
OFAPPEAL,REFERENCEANDREVISION

CHAPTERXXXI
OFAPPEALS1

404.Unlessotherwiseprovided,noappealtolie.Noappealshallliefromanyjudgmentororderofa
CriminalCourtexceptasprovidedforbythisCodeorbyanyotherlawforthetimebeinginforce.

405. Appeal from order rejecting application for restoration of attached property. Any person
whoseapplicationundersection89forthedeliveryofpropertyortheproceedsofthesalethereofhasbeen
rejected by any Court may appeal to the Court to which appeals ordinarily lie from the sentences of the
formerCourt.

[406. Appeal from order requiring security for keeping the peace or for good behaviour. Any
2

personwhohasbeenorderedbyaMagistrateundersection118togivesecurityforkeepingthepeaceorfor
goodbehaviourmayappealagainstsuchordertotheCourtofSession:

Providedthatnothinginthissectionshallapplytopersonstheproceedingsagainstwhomarelaidbefore
aSessionsJudgeinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofsubsection(2)orsubsection(3A)ofsection123.]

3[406A. Appeal from order refusing to accept or rejecting a surety. Any person aggrieved by an
orderrefusingtoacceptorrejectingasuretyundersection122mayappealagainstsuchordertotheCourt
ofSession.]
3
*******

408. Appeal from sentence of Assistant Sessions Judge or [Judicial] Magistrate. Any person
convictedonatrialheldbyanAssistantSessionsJudge,3[oraJudicialMagistrate],4[SpecialMagistrate],or
anypersonsentencedundersection3495***mayappealtotheCourtofSession:

Providedasfollows:

6*******

(b) When in any case an Assistant Sessions Judge or a Magistrate specially empowered under
section 30 passes any sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding four years, 7* * * the
appeal8[ofalloranyoftheaccusedconvictedatsuchtrial]shalllietotheHighCourt

1 Forperiodsoflimitation,seetheLimitationAct,1908(9of1908),s.3andSch.I,seconddivision.
2 Subs.byorder37of2001,s.65(w.e.f14082001).
3 Subs.andommittedbyord.12of1972,s.2andSch.
4 Ins.byActIIIof2006,s.21.
5 CertainwordsommittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
Forenforcementofthisamendmentintheprovincessee,para2offootnote3onpage40,
6 Clause(a)oftheProvisorep.bytheCriminalLawAmendementAct,1923(12of1923),s.23.
7 Thewordsoranysentenceoftransportation"omittedbytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.(w.e.f13472).
8 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923)s.112.

Page 153 of 319


(c)whenanypersonisconvictedbyaMagistrateofanoffenceundersection124AofthePakistan
PenalCode(XLVof1860),theappealshalllietotheHighCourt.

1[409. Appeals to Court of Session how heard. Subject to the provisions of this section, an appeal
totheCourtofSessionorSessionsJudgeshallbeheardbytheSessionsJudgeorbyanAdditionalSessions
JudgeoranAssistantSessionsJudge:

Provided that an Additional Sessions Judge shall hear only such appeals as the Provincial
Governmentmay,bygeneralorspecialorder,directorastheSessionsJudgeofthedivisionmaymakeover
tohim:

ProvidedfurtherthatnosuchappealshallbeheardbyanAssistantSessionsJudgeunlesstheappealis
ofapersonconvictedonatrialheldbyanyMagistrateofthesecondclassorthirdclass].

410. Appeal from sentence of Court of Session. Any person convicted on a trial held by a Sessions
Judge,oranAdditionalSessionsJudge,mayappealtotheHighCourt.

411.[AppealfromsentenceofPresidencyMagistrate.]OmittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.

[411A. Appeal from sentence of High Court._(1) 3[Except in cases in which an appeal lies to the
2

Supreme Court under 4[Article 185] of the Constitution] any person convicted on a trial held by a High
Courtintheexerciseofitsoriginalcriminaljurisdictionmay,notwithstandinganythingcontainedinsection
418orsection423,subsection(2),orintheLettersPatentofanyHighCourt,appealtotheHighCourt

(a)againsttheconvictiononanygroundofappealwhichinvolvesamatteroflawonly

(b)withtheleaveoftheAppellateCourt,oruponthecertificateofthejudgewhotriedcasethatitis
afitcaseforappeal,againsttheconvictiononanygroundofappealwhichinvolvesamatterof
factonly,oramatterofmixedlawandfact,oranyothergroundwhichappearstotheappellate
Courttobeasufficientgroundforappealand

(c) with the leave of the Appellate Court, against the sentence passed unless the sentence is one
fixedbylaw.

(2)Notwithstandinganythingcontainedinsection417,theProvincialGovernmentmaydirectthepublic
prosecutortopresentanappealtotheHighCourtfromanyorderofacquittalpassedbytheHighCourtin
theexerciseofitsoriginalcriminaljurisdiction,andsuchappealmay,notwithstandinganythingcontainedin
section418,orsection423,subsection(2),orintheLettersPatentofanyHighCourt,butsubjecttothe
restrictions imposed by clause (b) and clause (c) of subsection (1) of this section on an appeal against a
conviction,lieonamatteroffactaswellasamatteroflaw.

1 Omittedandsubs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.
2 S.411Ains.bytheCriminalprocedureAmendmentAct,1943(26of1943),s.2.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forwithoutprejudicetotheprovisiosofsection449(witheffectfromthe23rdMarach,1956).
4 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andSch.,forArticle58(w.e.f14873),whichwasamendedbyA.O.,1964,Art.2andSch.,forclause(b)ofArticle159.

Page 154 of 319


(3)NotwithstandinganythingelsewherecontainedinanyActorRegulation,anappealunderthissection
shallbeheardbyaDivisionCourtoftheHighCourtcomposedofnotlessthantwojudges,beingjudges
otherthanthejudgeorjudgesbywhomtheoriginaltrialwasheldandiftheconstitutionofsuchaDivision
Courtisimpracticable,theHighCourtshallreportthecircumstancestotheProvincialGovernmentwhich
shalltakeactionwithaviewtothetransferoftheappealundersection527toanotherHighCourt.

(4)Subjecttosuchrulesasmayfromtimetotimebemadeby1[the2[SupremeCourt]]inthisbehalf,and
tosuchconditionsastheHighCourtmayestablishorrequire,anappealshalllieto1[the 2[SupremeCourt]]
fromanyordermadeonappealundersubsection(1)byaDivisionCourtoftheHighCourtinrespectof
whichordertheHighCourtdeclaresthatthematterisafitoneforsuchappeal.]

412.Noappealincertaincaseswhenaccusedpleadsguilty.Notwithstandinganythinghereinbefore
containedwhereanaccusedpersonhaspleadedguiltyandhasbeenconvictedby 3[aHighCourt],aCourt
ofSession4***orMagistrateofthefirstclassonsuchplea,thereshallbenoappealexceptastotheextent
orlegalityofthesentence.

413. No appeal in petty cases. Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, there shall be no
appeal by a convicted person in cases in which 5[a High Court passes a sentence of imprisonment not
exceedingsixmonthsonlyoroffinenotexceedingtwohundredrupeesonlyorinwhich]aCourtofSession
6
***passesasentenceofimprisonmentnotexceedingonemonthonly,or 7[inwhichaCourtofSessionor
8[a]Magistrateofthefirstclasspassesasentence]offinenotexceedingfiftyrupeesonly9***.

Explanation.ThereisnoappealfromasentenceofimprisonmentpassedbysuchCourtorMagistrate
indefaultofpaymentoffinewhennosubstantivesentenceofimprisonmenthasalsobeenpassed.

414.Noappealfromcertainsummaryconvictions.Notwithstandinganythinghereinbeforecontained,
there shall be no appeal by a convicted person in any case tried summarily in which a Magistrate
empoweredtoactundersection260passesasentence10***offinenotexceeding11[twothousand]rupees
only9***.

11[414A. No appeal from certain summary convictions under the law relating to price control.
NotwithstandinganythingcontainedinthisCodeoranyotherlawforthetimebeinginforce,thereshallbe
noappealbyaconvictedpersoninanycasetriedsummarilyinwhichaSpecialMagistrateappointedunder
section 14A passes a sentence of fine not exceeding five thousand rupees under the Price Control and
Prevention of Profiteering and Hoarding Act, 1977 (XXIX of 1977) or under any other Federal law or
Provinciallawrelatingtopricecontrol.]

1 Subs.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.4andIIISch.,forHisMajestyinCouncil.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1964,Art.2andSch.,forFederalCourt.
3 Ins.bytheCriminalProcedureAmendementAct,1943(26of1943),s.3.
4 ThewordsoranyPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedureAmendementAct,1943(26of1943),s.4.
6 ThewordsortheDistrictMagistrateorotherMagistrateofthefirstclassrep.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(12of1923),s.24.
7 Ins.,ibid.
8 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andsch.
9 Thewordsorofwhippingonlyrep.,ibid.
10 Thewordsofimprisonmentnotexceedingthreemonthsonly,orrep.ibid.,s.25.
11 Subs.andins.byActIIIof2006,S.21.

Page 155 of 319


415.Provisotosections413and414.Anyappealmaybebroughtagainstanysentencereferredtoin
section 413 or section 414 1[by which any punishment therein mentioned is combined with any other
punishment],butnosentencewhichwouldnototherwisebeliabletoappealshallbeappealablemerelyon
thegroundthatthepersonconvictedisorderedtofindsecuritytokeepthepeace.

Explanation.Asentenceofimprisonmentindefaultofpaymentoffineisnotasentencebywhichtwo
ormorepunishmentsarecombinedwithinthemeaningofthissection.

[415A.Specialrightofappealincertaincases.NotwithstandinganythingcontainedinthisChapter,
2

when more persons than one are convicted in one trial, and an appealable, judgment or order has been
passedinrespectofanyofsuchpersons,alloranyofthepersonsconvictedatsuchtrialshallhavearightof
appeal.]

416. [Saving of sentences on European British subjects.] Rep. by the criminal law Amendment Act,
1923(XIIof1923),S.26.

[4l7. Appeal in case of acquittal.(1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (4), the Provincial
3

Governmentmay,inanycase,directthePublicProsecutortopresentanappealtotheHighCourtfroman
originalorappellateorderofacquittalpassedbyanyCourtotherthanaHighCourt.

(2)IfsuchanorderofacquittalispassedinanycaseinstituteduponcomplaintandtheHighCourt,on
anapplicationmadetoitbythecomplainantinthisbehalf,grantsspecialleavetoappealfromtheorderof
acquittal,thecomplainantmaypresentsuchanappealtotheHighCourt.

[(2A)ApersonaggrievedbytheorderofacquittalpassedbyanycourtotherthanaHighCourt,may,
4

withinthirtydays,fileanappealagainstsuchorder].

(3) No application under subsection (2) for the grant of special leave to appeal from an order of
acquittalshallbeentertainedbytheHighCourtaftertheexpiryofsixtydaysfromthedateofthatorder.

(4)If,inanycase,theapplicationundersubsection(2)forthegrantofspecialleavetoappealfroman
orderofacquittalisrefused,noappealfromthatorderofacquittalshalllieundersubsection(1).]
5[(5)Anappealagainstanorderofconvictionoracquittalundersection354A,376,376A,377or377B
ofthePakistanPenalCode,1860(ActXLVof1860)shallbedecidedwithinsixmonths.]

[418. Appeal on what matters admissible.(1)] An appeal may lie on a matter of fact as well as a
6

matteroflaw7***.

1 Subs.bytheRepleaingandAmendingAct,1945(6of1945),s.3andIISch.,forbywhichanytwoormoreofthepunishmentsthereinmentionedarecombined.
2 Section415Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedrue(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.114.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,fortheoriginalsection417.
4 Ins.byActXXof1994,S.3.
5 AddedbyActXLIVof2016,s.14.
6 S.418wasrenumberedassubsection(1)ofthatsectionbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.115.
7 Thecommasandwordsexceptwherethetrialwasbyjury,inwhichcasetheappealshalllieonamatteroflawonlyomittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.

Page 156 of 319


1
*******

Explanation.Theallegedseverityofasentenceshall,forthepurposesofthissection,bedeemedtobe
amatteroflaw.

419.Petitionofappeal.Everyappealshallbemadeintheformofpetitioninwritingpresentedbythe
appellantorhispleader,andeverysuchpetitionshall(unlesstheCourttowhichitispresentedotherwise
directs)beaccompaniedbyacopyofthejudgmentororderappealedagainst2***.

420.Procedurewhenappellantinjail.Iftheappellantisinjail,hemaypresenthispetitionofappeal
andthecopiesaccompanyingthesametotheofficerinchargeofthejail,whoshallthereuponforwardsuch
petitionandcopiestotheproperAppellateCourt.

421.Summarydismissalofappeal.(1)Onreceivingthepetitionandcopyundersection419orsection
420, the Appellate Court shall pursue the same, and, if it considers that there is no sufficient ground for
interfering,itmaydismisstheappealsummarily:

Provided that no appeal presented under section 419 shall be dismissed unless the appellant or his
pleaderhashadareasonableopportunityofbeingheardinsupportofthesame.

(2) Before dismissing an appeal under this section, the Court may call for the record of the case, but
shallnotbeboundtodoso.

422. Notice of appeal. If the Appellate Court does not dismiss the appeal summarily, it shall cause
noticetobegiventotheappellantorhispleader,andtosuchofficerasthe 3[ProvincialGovernment]may
appointinthisbehalf,ofthetimeandplaceatwhichsuchappealwillbeheard,andshall,ontheapplication
ofsuchofficer,furnishhimwithacopyofthegroundsofappeal

and, in cases of appeals under 4[section 411A, subsection (2) or section 417], the Appellate Court
shallcausealikenoticetobegiventotheaccused.

423.PowersofAppellateCourtindisposingofappeal.(1)TheAppellateCourtshallthensendfor
therecordofthecase,ifsuchrecordisnotalreadyinCourt.Afterperusingsuchrecord,andhearingthe
appellantorhispleader,ifheappears,andthePublicProsecutor,ifheappears,and,incaseofanappeal
under 4[section 411A, subsection (2) or section 417], the accused, if he appears, the Court may, if it
considersthatthereisnosufficientgroundforinterfering,dismisstheappeal,ormay

1 Subsection(2)omittedibid.
2 Thecommas,wordsandfigures,and,incasestriedbyajury,acopyoftheheadsofthechargerecordedundersection367omittedibid.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedureAmendementAct,1943(26of1943),s.5,forsection417.

Page 157 of 319


(a) in an appeal from an order of acquittal, reverse such order and direct that further inquiry be
made,orthattheaccusedberetriedor1[sentfortrialtotheCourtofSessionortheHighCourt]
asthecasemaybe,orfindhimguiltyandpasssentenceonhimaccordingtolaw

(b)inanappealfromaconviction,(1)reversethefindingandsentence,andacquitordischargethe
accused, or order him to be retried by a Court of competent jurisdiction subordinate to such
AppellateCourtor 2[sent]fortrial,or(2)alterthefinding,maintainingthesentence,or,withor
withoutalteringthefinding,reducethesentence,or,(3)withorwithoutsuchreductionandwith
orwithoutalteringthefinding,alterthenatureofthesentence,but,subjecttotheprovisionsof
section106,subsection(3),notsoastoenhancethesame

(c)inanappealfromanyotherorder,alterorreversesuchorder

(d)makeanyamendmentoranyconsequentialorincidentalorderthatmaybejustorproper.
3
*******

424. Judgments of subordinate Appellate Courts. The rules contained in Chapter XXVI as to the
judgment of a Criminal Court of original jurisdiction shall apply, so far as may be practicable, to the
judgmentofanyAppellateCourtotherthanaHighCourt:

Provided that, unless the Appellate Court otherwisedirects, the accused shall not be brought up, or
requiredtoattend,tohearjudgmentdelivered.

425.OrderbyHighCourtonappealtobecertifiedtolowerCourt.(1)Wheneveracaseisdecided
onappealbytheHighCourtunderthisChapter,itshallcertifyitsjudgmentorordertotheCourtbywhich
thefinding,sentenceororderappealedagainstwasrecordedorpassed.Ifthefinding,sentenceororderwas
recordedorpassedbyaMagistrateotherthantheDistrictMagistrate,thecertificateshallbesentthrough
theDistrictMagistrate.

(2)TheCourttowhichtheHighCourtcertifiesitsjudgmentorordershallthereuponmakesuchorders
as are conformable to the judgment or order of the High Court and, if necessary, the record shall be
amendedinaccordancetherewith.

426.Suspensionofsentencependingappeal.Releaseofappellantonbail.(1)Pendinganyappealby
a convicted person, the Appellate Court may, for reasons to be recorded by it in writing, order that the
executionofthesentenceororderappealedagainstbesuspendedand,also,ifheisinconfinement,thathe
bereleasedonbailoronhisownbond.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"committedfortrial".
2 Subs.ibid.,forcommitted.
3 Subsection(2)omittedibid.

Page 158 of 319


[(1A)AnAppellateCourtshall,exceptwhereitisoftheopinionthatthedelayinthedecisionofappeal
1

hasbeenoccasionedbyanactoromissionoftheappellantoranyotherpersonactingonhisbehalf,ordera
convictedpersontobereleasedonbailwhohasbeensentenced

(a)toimprisonmentforaperiodnotexceedingthreeyearsandwhoseappealhasnotbeendecided
withinaperiodofsixmonthsofhisconviction

(b) to imprisonment for a period exceeding three years but not exceeding seven years and
whoseappealhasnotbeendecidedwithinaperiodofoneyearofhisconvictionor

(c)toimprisonmentforlifeorimprisonmentexceedingsevenyearsandwhoseappealhasnotbeen
decidedwithinaperiodoftwoyearsofthisconviction:

Provided that the provisions of the foregoing paragraphs shall not apply to a previously convicted
offenderforanoffencepunishablewithdeathorimprisonmentforlifeortoapersonwho,intheopinionof
the Appellate Court, is a hardened desperate or dangerous criminal or is accused of an act of terrorism
punishablewithdeathorimprisonmentforlife.]

(2)ThepowerconferredbythissectiononanAppellateCourtmaybeexercisedalsobytheHighCourt
inthecaseofanyappealbyaconvictedpersontoaCourtsubordinatethereto.

[(2A) 3[Subjecttotheprovisionsofsection382A,]whenanypersonotherthanapersonaccusedofa
2

nonbailable offence is sentenced to imprisonment by a Court, and an appeal lies from that sentence, the
Courtmay,iftheconvictedpersonsatisfiestheCourtthatheintendstopresentanappeal,orderthathebe
releasedonbailforaperiodsufficientintheopinionoftheCourttoenablehimtopresenttheappealand
obtaintheordersoftheAppellateCourtundersubsection(1)andthesentenceofimprisonmentshall,so
longasheissoreleasedonbail,bedeemedtobesuspended.]

[(2B)WhereaHighCourtissatisfiedthataconvictedpersonhasbeengrantedspecialleavetoappeal
4

to 5[the 6[SupremeCourt]]againstanysentencewhichithasimposedormaintained, 7***itmayifitso


thinksfitorderthatpendingtheappealthesentenceororderappealedagainstbesuspended,andalso,ifthe
saidpersonisinconfinement,thathebereleasedonbail.]

(3)Whentheappellantisultimatelysentencedtoimprisonment, 8** 9[imprisonmentforlife],thetime


duringwhichheissoreleasedshallbeexcludedincomputingthetermforwhichheissosentenced.

1 Ins.byActVIIIof2011,s.2.
2 Subsection(2A)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1945(2of1945),s.3.
3 Ins.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.
4 Subsection(2B)insbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act,1946(4of1946),s.2.
5 Subs.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.4andIIISch.,forHisMajestyinCouncil.
6 Subs.byA.O,1961,Art.2andSch.,forFederalCourt(Witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
7 Certainwordsrep.byAct26of1951,s.3andSch.II.
8 Thewordspenalservituderep.,ibid.
9 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974,(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransporation(w.e.f13472).

Page 159 of 319


427. Arrest of accused in appeal from acquittal. When an appeal is presented under
1[section411A,subsection(2),orsection417],theHighCourtmayissueawarrantdirectingthat
theaccusedbearrestedandbroughtbeforeitoranysubordinateCourt,andtheCourtbeforewhich
heisbroughtmaycommithimtoprisonpendingthedisposaloftheappeal,oradmithimtobail.

428. Appellate Court may take further evidence or direct it to be taken.(1) In dealing
with any appeal under this Chapter, the Appellate Court, if it thinks additional evidence to be
necessary,shallrecorditsreasons,andmayeithertakesuchevidenceitself,ordirectittobetaken
by a Magistrate, or ,when the Appellate Court is a High Court, by a Court of Session or a
Magistrate.

(2) Where the additional evidence is taken by the Court of Session or the Magistrate, it or he
shall certify such evidence to the Appellate Court, and such Court shall thereupon proceed to
disposeoftheappeal.

(3) Unless the Appellate Court otherwise directs, the accused or his pleader shall be present
whentheadditionalevidenceistaken.2***.

(4)ThetakingofevidenceunderthissectionshallbesubjecttotheprovisionsofChapterXXV,
asifitwereaninquiry.

429. Procedure where Judges of Court of Appeal are equally divided. When the Judges
composingtheCourtofAppealareequallydividedinopinion,thecase,withtheiropinionsthereon,
shallbelaidbeforeanotherJudgeofthesameCourt,andsuchJudge,aftersuchhearing(ifany)as
hethinksfit,shalldeliverhisopinion,andthejudgmentorordershallfollowsuchopinion.

430.Finalityofordersonappeal.JudgmentsandorderspassedbyanAppellateCourtupon
appealshallbefinal,exceptinthecasesprovidedforinsection417andChapterXXXII.

431. Abatement of appeals. Every appeal under 1[section 411A, subsection (2), or section
417] shall finally abate on the death of the accused, and every other appeal under this Chapter
(exceptanappealfromasentenceoffine)shallfinallyabateonthedeathoftheappellant.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedureAmendmentAct,1943(26of1943),s.5forsection417.
2 ThesemicolonandwordsbutsuchevidenceshallnotbetakeninthepresenceofjurorsorassessorsomittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3onp.40.supra.

Page 160 of 319


CHAPTERXXXII

OFREFERENCEANDREVISION

432 and 433. [Reference by Presidency Magistrate to High Court. Disposal of case according to
decisionofHighCourtanddirectionastocosts.]OmittedbyA.O.,1949,Schedule.

434. [Power to reserve questions arising in original jurisdiction of High Court and procedure when
questionreserved.]OmittedbyCriminalProcedureAmendmentAct,1943(XXVIof1943),s.6.

435.PowertocallforrecordsofinferiorCourts.(1)TheHighCourtoranySessionsJudgeorDistrict
Magistrate,oranySubdivisionalMagistrateempoweredbythe1[ProvincialGovernment]inthisbehalf,may
callforandexaminetherecordofanyproceedingbeforeanyinferiorCriminalCourtsituatewithinthelocal
limitsofitsorhisjurisdictionforthepurposeofsatisfyingitselforhimselfastothecorrectness,legalityor
proprietyofanyfinding,sentenceororderrecordedorpassed,andastotheregularityofanyproceedingsof
suchinferiorCourt 2[andmay,whencallingforsuchrecord,directthattheexecutionofanysentencebe
suspendedand,iftheaccusedisinconfinement,thathebereleasedonbailoronhisownbondpendingthe
examinationoftherecord.
3[Explanation:AllMagistrates,shallbedeemedtobeinferiortotheSessionsJudgeforthepurposesof
thissubsection.]

(2)3***

(3)4*******

(4)3***

3[436.Powertoorderfurtherinquiry.Onexamininganyrecordundersection435orotherwise

(a)theHighCourtmaydirecttheSessionsJudgetorequireanjudicialMagistratesubordinateto
himtomake,andtheSessionsJudgehimselfmaydirect5[any]Magistratesubordinatetohimto
make, further inquiry into any complaint which has been dismissed under section 203 or sub
section(3)ofsection204,orintothecaseofanypersonaccusedofanoffencewhohasbeen
discharged

(b)theHighCourtortheSessionsJudgemaydirect 5[anyMagistrate]tomakefurtherinquiryinto
anyproceedinginwhichanorderofdischargeorreleasehasbeenmadeundersection119:

ProvidedthatnoCourtshallmakeanydirectionunderthissectionforenquiryintothecaseofaperson
who has been released or discharged under section 119, unless such person has had an oppurtunity of
showingcausewhysuchdirectionshouldnotbemade.]

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),S.116.
3 Omittedandsubs.byOrd.12of1972,S.2andSch.
4 Subsection(3)rep.ibid.
5 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,S.66(w.e.f14082001).

Page 161 of 319


1[437. Power to order commitment]. Omitted by the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1972 (XII of
1972),s.2andSch.

438.2[***]

439.HighCourtspowersofrevision.(1)Inthecaseofanyproceedingtherecordofwhich
hasbeencalledforbyitself3***orwhichotherwisecomestoitsknowledge,theHighCourtmay,
in its discretion, exercise any of the powers conferred on a Court of Appeal by sections 4*, 423,
426, 427 and 428 or on a Court by section 338, and may enhance the sentence and, when the
JudgescomposingtheCourtofRevisionareequallydividedinopinion,thecaseshallbedisposedof
inmannerprovidedbysection429.

(2)Noorderunderthissectionshallbemadetotheprejudiceoftheaccusedunlesshehashad
anopportunityofbeingheardeitherpersonallyorbypleaderinhisowndefence.

(3)WherethesentencedealtwithunderthissectionhasbeenpassedbyaMagistrate 2[***]
theCourtshallnotinflictagreaterpunishmentfortheoffencewhich,intheopinionofsuchCourt,
theaccusedhascommittedthanmighthavebeeninflictedforsuchoffenceby 5***aMagistrate
ofthefirstclass.
6[(4)NothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoauthoriseaHighCourt

(a)toconvertafindingofacquittalintooneofconvictionor

(b) to entertain any proceedings in revision with respect to an order made by the Sessions
Judgeundersection439A.]

(5)WhereunderthisCodeanappealliesandnoappealisbrought,noproceedingsbywayof
revisionshallbeentertainedattheinstanceofthepartywhocouldhaveappealed.
7[(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, any convicted person to whom an
opportunityhasbeengivenundersubsection(2)ofshowingcausewhyhissentenceshouldnotbe
enhancedshall,inshowingcause,beentitledalsotoshowcauseagainsthisconviction.]

1 Thissectionwhichwasoriginallynumbered436wasrenumbered437,byAct18of1923,s.117.
2 OmittedbyOrd.12of1972,S.2&sch.
3 Thewordsandcommaorwhichhasbeenreportedfororders,omittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andsch.
4 Thefigures"195"rep.byAct18of1923,s.119.
5 TheWordsaPresidencyMagistrateoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
6 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.fortheoriginalsubsection(4).
7 Subsection(6)ins.byAct18of1923,s.119.

Page 162 of 319


[439A.SessionsJudgespowersofrevision._(1)InthecaseofanyproceedingbeforeaMagistratethe
1

recordofwhichhasbeencalledforbytheSessionsJudgeorwhichotherwisecomestohisknowledge,the
SessionsJudgemayexerciseanyofthepowersconferredontheHighCourtbysection439.

(2) An Additional Sessions Judge shall have and may exercise all the powers of a Sessions Judge
under this Chapter in respect of any case which may be transferred to him under any general or special
orderoftheSessionsJudge.]

440.OptionalwithCourttohearparties.Nopartyhasanyrighttobeheardeitherpersonallyorby
pleaderbeforeanyCourtwhenexercisingitspowersofrevision:

Provided that the Court may, if it thinks fit, when exercising such powers, hear any party either
personallyorbypleader,andthatnothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoaffectsection439,subsection
(2).

441. [Statement by Presidency Magistrate of grounds of his decision to be considered by High


Court.]OmittedbyA.O.,1949,Schedule.

442.HighCourt'sordertobecertifiedtolowerCourtorMagistrate.Whenacaseisrevisedunder
thisChapterbytheHighCourt,itshall,inmannerhereinbeforeprovidedbysection425,certifyitsdecision
orordertotheCourtbywhichthefinding,sentenceororderrevisedwasrecordedorpassed,andtheCourt
or Magistrate to which the decision or order is so certified shall thereupon make such orders as are
conformable to the decision so certified and, if necessary, the record shall be amended in
accordancetherewith.

PARTVIII
SPECIALPROCEEDINGS

CHAPTERXXXIII._ [SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CASES IN WHICH EUROPEAN AND


2

PAKISTAN BRITISH SUBJECTS ARE CONCERNED.] Omitted by the Criminal Law (Extinction of
DiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(IIof1950),Schedule.

CHAPTERXXXIV
LUNATICS

464.Procedureincaseofaccusedbeinglunatic.(1)WhenaMagistrateholdinganinquiryoratrial
has reason to believe that the accused is of unsound mind and consequently incapable of making his
defence,theMagistrateshallinquireintothefactofsuchunsoundness,andshallcausesuchpersontobe
examinedbytheCivilSurgeonofthedistrictorsuchothermedicalofficerasthe 3[ProvincialGovernment]
directs, and thereupon shall examine such Surgeon or other officer as a witness, and shall reduce the
examinationtowriting.

1 Newsection439Ains.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 ChapterXXXIII(Section443to449)wassubs.fortheoriginalChapterXXXIII(sections443to463)bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(12of1923),s.27.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.

Page 163 of 319


[(1A)Pendingsuchexaminationandinquiry,theMagistratemaydealwiththeaccusedinaccordance
1

withtheprovisionsofsection466.]

(2)IfsuchMagistrateisofopinionthattheaccusedisofunsoundmindandconsequentlyincapableof
makinghisdefence,he 1[shallrecordafindingtothateffectand]shallpostponefurtherproceedingsinthe
case.

465. Procedure in case of person 2[sent for trial] Court of Session or High Court being
lunatic.__3[(1)IfanypersonbeforeaCourtofSessionoraHighCourtappearstotheCourtathistrialtobe
ofunsoundmindandconsequentlyincapableofmakinghisdefence,theCourtshall,inthefirstinstance,try
thefactofsuchunsoundnessandincapacity,andiftheCourtissatisfiedofthefact,itshallrecordafinding
tothateffectandshallpostponefurtherproceedingsinthecase.].

(2)Thetrialofthefactoftheunsoundnessofmindandincapacityoftheaccusedshallbedeemedtobe
partofhistrialbeforetheCourt.

466.Releaseoflunaticpendinginvestigationortrial.(1)Wheneveranaccusedpersonisfoundtobe
of unsound mind and incapable of making his defence, the Magistrate or Court, as the case may be,
4
[whetherthecaseisoneinwhichbailmaybetakenornot],mayreleasehimonsufficientsecuritybeing
giventhatheshallbeproperlytakencareofandshallbepreventedfromdoinginjurytohimselfortoany
other person, and for his appearance when required before the Magistrate or Court or such officer as the
MagistrateorCourtappointsinthisbehalf.

[(2) Custody of lunatic. If the case is one in which, in the opinion of the Magistrate or Court, bail
5

should not be taken, or if sufficient security is not given, the Magistrate or Court, as the case may be,
shallordertheaccusedtobedetainedinsafecustodyinsuchplaceandmannerasheoritmaythinkfit,and
shallreporttheactiontakentothe6[ProvincialGovernment]:

Providedthatnoorderforthedetentionoftheaccusedinalunaticasylumshallbemadeotherwisethan
in accordance with such rules as the 6[Provincial Government] may have made under the Lunacy Act,
1912.]

467. Resumption of inquiry or trial.(1) Whenever an inquiry or a trial is postponed under section
464orsection465,theMagistrateorCourt,asthecasemaybe,mayatanytimeresumetheinquiryortrial,
andrequiretheaccusedtoappearorbebroughtbeforesuchMagistrateorCourt.

(2)Whentheaccusedhasbeenreleasedundersection466,andthesuretiesforhisappearanceproduce
himtotheofficerwhomtheMagistrateorCourtappointsinthisbehalf,thecertificateofsuchofficerthat
theaccusediscapableofmakinghisdefenceshallbereceivableinevidence.

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.120
2 Subs.ibid.,s.2.andSch.,forcommittedbefore.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forsubsection(1).
4 Subs.byAct,18of1923,s.122,forifthecaseisoneinwhichbailmaybetaken.
5 Subs.ibid.,fortheoriginalsubsection(2).
6 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.

Page 164 of 319


468.ProcedureonaccusedappearingbeforeMagistrateorCourt.(1)If,whentheaccusedappears
orisagainbroughtbeforetheMagistrateortheCourt,asthecasemaybe,theMagistrateorCourtconsiders
himcapableofmakinghisdefence,theinquiryortrialshallproceed.

(2)IftheMagistrateorCourtconsiderstheaccused 1*tobestillincapableofmakinghisdefence,the
Magistrate or Court shall again act according to the provisions of section 464 or section 465, as the case
maybe,2[andiftheaccusedisfoundtobeofunsoundmindandincapableofmakinghisdefence,shalldeal
withsuchaccusedinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofsection466].

[469.Whenaccusedappearstohavebeeninsane.Whentheaccusedappearstobeofsoundmindat
3

thetimeofenquiryortrial,andtheMagistrateorCourtissatisfiedfromtheevidencegivenbeforehimor
itthatthereisreasontobelievethattheaccusedcommittedanactwhich,ifhehadbeenofsoundmind,
would have been an offence, and that he was, at the time when the act was committed, by reason of
unsoundnessofmind,incapableofknowingthenatureoftheactorthatitwaswrongorcontrarytolaw,the
MagistrateorCourtshallproceedwiththecase.]

470.Judgmentofacquittalongroundoflunacy.Wheneveranypersonisacquittedupontheground
that,atthetimeatwhichheisallegedtohavecommittedanoffence,hewas,byreasonofunsoundnessof
mind,incapableofknowingthenatureoftheactallegedasconstitutingtheoffence,orthatitwaswrongor
contrarytolaw,thefindingshallstatespecificallywhetherhecommittedtheactornot.

471. Person acquitted on such ground to be detained in safe custody.(1) Whenever 4[the finding]
statesthattheaccusedpersoncommittedtheactalleged,theMagistrateorCourtbeforewhomorwhichthe
trialhasbeenheld,shall,ifsuchactwould,butfortheincapacityfound,haveconstitutedanoffence,order
suchpersontobe5[detained]insafeCustodyinsuchplaceandmannerastheMagistrateorCourtthinksfit,
6
[andshallreporttheactiontakentothe7[ProvincialGovernment]]8***:
6[Providedthatnoorderforthedetentionoftheaccusedinalunaticasylumshallbemadeotherwise

thaninaccordancewithsuchrulesasthe 7[ProvincialGovernment]mayhavemadeundertheLunacyAct,
1912.]
9
*****

1Thewordpersonrep.bys.123oftheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923).
2 Ins.ibid.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forsection469.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.124,forsuchjudgment.
5 Subs.ibid.,forkept.
6 Ins.ibid.
7 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
8 ThewordsandshallreportthecasefortheordersoftheL.G.rep.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1914(10of1914),s.3andSch.II.
9 Subsectins(2)and(3)rep.bytheLunacyAct,1912(4of1912),s.101andSch.,II.

Page 165 of 319


1
[(2)] Power of Provincial Government to relieve Inspector General of certain functions. The
2[ProvincialGovernment]mayempowertheofficerinchargeofthejailinwhichapersonisconfinedunder
theprovisionsofsection466orthissection,todischargealloranyofthefunctionsoftheInspectorGeneral
ofPrisonsunder3**section473orsection474.

472.[LunaticprisonertobevisitedbyInspectorGeneral]Rep.bytheLunacyAct,1912(IVof1912),
S.101andScheduleII.

473.Procedurewherelunaticprisonerisreportedcapableofmakinghisdefence.Ifsuchpersonis
4
[detained]undertheprovisionsofsection466,and5[inthecaseofapersondetainedinajail,theInspector
GeneralofPrisons,or,inthecaseofapersondetainedinalunaticasylum,thevisitorsofsuchasylumor
anytwoofthem]shallcertifythat,inhisortheiropinion,suchpersoniscapableofmakinghisdefence,he
shallbetakenbeforetheMagistrateorCourt,asthecasemaybe,atsuchtimeastheMagistrateorCourt
appoints,andtheMagistrateorCourtshalldealwithsuchpersonundertheprovisionsofsection468and
thecertificateofsuchInspectorGeneralorvisitorsasaforesaidshallbereceivableasevidence.

474.Procedurewherelunaticdetainedundersection466or471isdeclaredfittobereleased.(1)
Ifsuchpersonis 6[detained]undertheprovisionsofsection466orsection471,andsuchInspectorGeneral
orvisitorsshallcertifythat,inhisortheirjudgment,hemaybe7[released]withoutdangerofhisdoinginjury
tohimselfortoanyotherperson,the 2[ProvincialGovernment]maythereuponorderhimtobe 7[released]
ortobedetainedincustody,ortobetransferredtoapubliclunaticasylumifhehasnotbeenalreadysentto
such an asylum and, in case it orders him to be transferred to an asylum, may appoint a Commission,
consistingofajudicialandtwomedicalofficers.

(2) Such Commission shall make formal inquiry into the state of mind of such person, taking such
evidenceasisnecessary,andshallreporttothe2[ProvincialGovernment],whichmayorderhis8[release]or
detentionasitthinksfit.

[475. Delivery of lunatic to care of relative or friend.(1) Whenever any relative or friend of any
9

persondetainedundertheprovisionsofsection466orsection471desiresthatheshallbedeliveredtohis
careandcustody,the 2[ProvincialGovernment]may,upontheapplicationofsuchrelativeorfriendandon
hisgivingsecuritytothesatisfactionofsuch2[ProvincialGovernment]thatthepersondeliveredshall

1 Originalsubsection(4)wasrenumbered(2)byAct18of1923,s.124.
2 Subs.byA.O,1937,forL.G.
3 Thewordandfiguressection472rep.byAct10of1914,s.3andSch.II.
4 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.125,forconfined.
5 Subs.ibid.,forSuchinspectorGeneralorvisitors.
6 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.126,for"confined".
7 Subs.ibid.,fordischarged.
8 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.126,fordischarge.
9 Subs.ibid.,s.127,fortheoriginals.475.

Page 166 of 319


(a)beproperlytakencareofandpreventedfromdoinginjurytohimselfortoanyotherperson,and

(b)beproducedfortheinspectionofsuchofficer,andatsuchtimesandplaces,asthe 1[Provincial
Government]maydirect,and

(c) in the case of a person detained under section 466, be produced when required before such
MagistrateorCourt,

ordersuchpersontobedeliveredtosuchrelativeorfriend.

(2)Ifthepersonsodeliveredisaccusedofanyoffencethetrialofwhichhasbeenpostponedbyreason
ofhisbeingofunsoundmindandincapableofmakinghisdefence,andtheinspectingofficerreferredtoin
subsection (1), clause (b), certifies at any time to the Magistrate or Court that such person is capable of
makinghisdefence,suchMagistrateorCourtshallcallupontherelativeorfriendtowhomsuchaccused
wasdeliveredtoproducehimbeforetheMagistrateorCourtand,uponsuchproduction,theMagistrateor
CourtshallproceedinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofSection468,andthecertificateoftheinspecting
officershallbereceivableasevidence.]

_____________

CHAPTERXXXV

PROCEEDINGSINCASEOFCERTAINOFFENCESAFFECTINGTHE

ADMINISTRATIONOFJUSTICE

[476.ProcedureincasesmentionedinSection195.(1)Whenanyoffencereferredtoinsection195,
2

subsection(1),clause(b)orclause(c),hasbeencommittedinorinrelationto,aproceedinginanyCivil,
RevenueorCriminalCourt,theCourtmaytakecognizanceoftheoffenceandtrythesameinaccordance
withtheprocedureprescribedforsummarytrialsinChapterXXII.

(2) When in any case tried under subsection (1) the Court finds the offender guilty, it may,
notwithstandinganythingcontainedinsubsection(2)ofsection262

(a) pass any sentence on the offender authorised by law for such offence, except a sentence of
death,orimprisonmentforlife,orimprisonmentexceedingfiveyears,ifsuchCourtbeaHigh
Court, a Court of Session, a District Court or any Court exercising the power of a Court of
SessionoraDistrictCourt

(b)sentencetheoffendertosimpleimprisonmentforatermwhichmayextendtothreemonths,or
to pay a fine not exceeding 3[one thousand rupees] or both, if such Court be a Court of a
MagistrateoftheFirstClass,aCivilCourtotherthanaHighCourt,aDistrictCourtoraCourt
exercising the powers of a District Court, or a Revenue Court not inferior to the Court of
Collector

1Subs.byA.O.,1937FOR"L.G.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,fortheoriginalsections476and476A,whichwerepreviouslyamendedbyvariousActs.
3 Subs.bytheLawReforms(Amdt.)Act,1976(21of1976),s.2andSch,forfivehudneredrupees(w.e.f18476).

Page 167 of 319


(c)sentencetheoffendertosimpleimprisonmentforatermnotexceedingonemonth,ortopaya
finenotexceedingfiftyrupees,orboth,ifsuchCourtbeaCriminalCourtoraRevenueCourt
otherthanaCourtreferredtoinclause(a)orclause(b).

(3)ThepowersconferredonCivil,RevenueandCriminalCourtsunderthissectionmaybeexercisedin
respectofanyoffencereferredtoinsubsection(1)andallegedtohavebeencommittedinrelationtoany
proceedinginsuchCourtbytheCourttowhichsuchformerCourtissubordinatewithinthemeaningofsub
section(3)ofsection195.

(4)AnypersonsentencedbyanyCourtunderthissectionmay,notwithstandinganythinghereinbefore
contained,appeal

(a)inthecaseofasentencebytheHighCourt,totheSupremeCourt

(b)inthecaseofasentencebyaCourtofSession,orDistrictCourts,oraCourt

exercisingthepowersofaCourtofSessionoraDistrictCourt,totheHighCourt

and

(c)inanyothercase,totheSessionsJudge.

(5) The provisions of Chapter XXXI shall, so far as they are applicable, apply to appeals under this
sectionandtheAppellateCourtmayalterthefindingorreduceorenhancethesentenceappealedagainst.

476A. Forwording of cases for trial by Courts having jurisdiction.(1) If the Court in any case
considers that the person accused of any of the offences referred to in Section 476, subsection (1), and
committedin,orinrelationto,anyproceedingsbeforeit,shouldnotbetriedunderthatsection,suchCourt
may, after recording the facts constituting the offence and the statement of the accused person, as
hereinbefore provided, forward the case to a Court having jurisdiction to try the case, and may require
securitytobegivenfortheappearanceofsuchaccusedpersonbeforesuchCourt,or,ifsufficientsecurityis
notgiven,shallforwardsuchpersonincustodytosuchCourt.

(2)TheCourttowhichacaseisforwardedunderthissectionshallproceedtohearthecomplaintagainst
theaccusedpersoninthemannerhereinbeforeprovided.]

476B.[Appeals.]OmittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(XIIof1972),s.2andsch.

477. [Power of Court of Session to such offences comitted before itself.] Rep. by the Code of
CriminalProcedure(Amendment)Act,1923(XVIIIof1923),s.129.

Page 168 of 319


478.[PowerofCivilorRevenueCourtstocompleteinquiryandcommitttoHighCourtorCourtof
Session.]OmittedbyLawReformsOrdinance,1972(XIIOf1972),s.2andsch.

479. [Procedure of Civil or Revenue Courts in such cases.] Omitted by the Law Reforms
Ordinance1972(XIIof1972),s.2andsch.

480. Procedure in certain cases of contempt.(1) When any such offence as is described in section
175,section178,section179,section180orsection228ofthePakistanPenalCode,(ActXLVof1860)is
committed in the view or presence of any Civil, Criminal or Revenue Court, the Court may cause the
offender 1***tobedetainedincustodyandatanytimebeforetherisingoftheCourtonthesameday
may, if it thinks fit, take cognizance of the offence and sentence the offender to fine not exceeding two
hundred rupees, and, in default of payment, to simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one
month,unlesssuchfinebesoonerpaid.
2
*****

481. Record in such cases.(1) In every such case the Court shall record the facts constituting the
offence,withthestatement(ifany)madebytheoffender,aswellasthefindingandsentence.

(2)Iftheoffenceisundersection228ofthePakistanPenalCode,(ActXLVof1860)therecordshall
showthenatureandstageofthejudicialproceedinginwhichtheCourtinterruptedorinsultedwassitting,
andthenatureoftheinterruptionorinsult.

482.ProcedurewhereCourtconsidersthatcaseshouldnotbedealtwithundersection480.(1)If
theCourtinanycaseconsidersthatapersonaccusedofanyoftheoffencesreferredtoinsection480and
committedinitsvieworpresenceshouldbeimprisonedotherwisethanindefaultofpaymentoffine,orthat
afineexceedingtwohundredrupeesshouldbeimposeduponhim,orsuchCourtisforanyotherreasonof
opinion that the case should not be disposed of under section 480, such Court, after recording the facts
constitutingtheoffenceandthestatementoftheaccusedashereinbeforeprovided,mayforwardthecaseto
aMagistratehavingjurisdictiontotrythesame,andmayrequiresecuritytobegivenfortheappearanceof
suchaccusedpersonbeforesuchMagistrate,orifsufficientsecurityisnotgiven,shallforwardsuchperson
incustodytosuchMagistrate.

(2) The Magistrate, to whom any case is forwarded under this section, shall proceed to hear the
complaintagainsttheaccusedpersoninmannerhereinbeforeprovided.

483. When Registrar or SubRegistrar to be deemed a Civil Court within sections 480 and 482.
When the 3[Provincial Government] so directs, any Registrar or any Sub Registrar appointed under the
4
[RegistrationAct,1908(XVIof1908)shallbedeemedtobeaCivilCourtwithinthemeaningofsections
480and482.

1 ThewordswhetherheisaEuropeanBritishsubjectornoterep.bytheCriminalLawAmendementAct,1923(12of1923),s.29.
2 Subsection(2)asamendedbyAct12of1923,omittedbyAct2of1950,Sch.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
4 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forIndianRegistrationAct,1877.

Page 169 of 319


484. Discharge of offender on submission or apology. When any Court has under section 480 1[or
section482]adjudgedanoffendertopunishment1[orforwardedhimtoaMagistratefortrial]forrefusingor
omittingtodoanythingwhichhewaslawfullyrequiredtodoorforanyintentionalinsultorinterruption,the
Courtmay,initsdiscretion,dischargetheoffenderorremitthepunishmentonhissubmissiontotheorderor
requisitionofsuchCourt,oronapologybeingmadetoitssatisfaction.

485.Imprisonmentorcommittalofpersonrefusingtoanswerorproducedocument.Ifanywitness
orpersoncalledtoproduceadocumentorthingbeforeaCriminalCourtrefusestoanswersuchquestionsas
areputtohimortoproduceanydocumentorthinginhispossessionorpowerwhichtheCourtrequireshim
toproduce,anddoesnotofferanyreasonableexcuseforsuchrefusal,suchCourtmay,forreasonstobe
recorded in writing, sentence him to simple imprisonment, or by warrant under the hand of the presiding
MagistrateorJudgecommithimtothecustodyofanofficeroftheCourtforanytermnotexceedingseven
days, unless in the meantime such person consents to be examined and to answer, or to produce the
document or thing. In the event of his persisting in his refusal, he may be dealt with according to the
provisions of section 480 or section 482, and, in the case of a 2[High Court], shall be deemed guilty of a
contempt.

486. Appeals from convictions in contempt cases.(1) Any person sentenced by any Court under
section480orsection485may,notwithstandinganythinghereinbeforecontained,appealtotheCourtto
whichdecreesorordersmadeinsuchCourtareordinarilyappealable.

(2) The provisions of Chapter XXXI shall, so far as they are applicable, apply to appeals under
this section, and the Appellate Court may alter or reverse the finding, or reduce or reverse the sentence
appealedagainst.

(3)3******

anappealfromsuchconvictionby 4[a]CourtofSmallCausesshalllietotheCourtofsessionforthe
sessionsdivisionwithinwhichsuchCourtissituate.

(4)AnappealfromsuchconvictionbyanyofficerasRegistrarorSubRegistrarappointedasaforesaid
may,whensuchofficerisalsoJudgeofaCivilCourt,bemadetotheCourttowhichitwould,underthe
precedingportionofthissection,bemadeifsuchconvictionwereadecreebysuchofficerinhiscapacityas
suchJudge,andinothercasesmaybemadetotheDistrictJudge,5***.

1 Ins.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1914(10of1914),s.2andSch.I.
2 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.,forCourtestablishedbyRoyalCharter(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955).
3 ThewordsAnappealfromsuchconvictionbyaCourtofsmallCausesinapresidencytownshalllietotheHighCourt,andomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
4 Subs.ibid.,foranyother.
5 Thewordsandcommasor,inthepresidencytowns,totheHighCourtrep.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andSch.II.

Page 170 of 319


487.CertainJudgesandMagistratesnottotryoffencesreferredtoinsection195whencommitted
beforethemselves.(1)Exceptasprovidedinsections 1[476,]2*480and485,noJudgeofaCriminalCourt
orMagistrate,otherthanaJudgeofaHighCourt 3***,shalltryanypersonforanyoffencereferredtoin
section195,whensuchoffenceiscommittedbeforehimselforincontempt4ofhisauthority,orisbrought
underhisnoticeassuchJudgeorMagistrateinthecourseofajudicialproceeding.
5
*****

[CHAPTER XXXVI._ [ of the Maintenance of Wives and Children.] Omitted by Federal Laws
6

(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(XXVIIof1981),s.2andsecondschedule.

___________

CHAPTERXXXVII

DIRECTIONSOFTHENATUREOFAHabeasCorpus

491. Power to issue directions of the nature of a habeas carpus.(1) 7[Any High Court] may,
wheneveritthinksfit,direct

(a) that a person within the limits of its 8[appellate criminal jurisdiction] be brought up before the
Courttobedealtwithaccordingtolaw

(b)thatapersonillegallyorimproperlydetainedinpublicorprivatecustodywithinsuchlimitsbe
setatliberty

(c)thataprisonerdetainedinanyjailsituatewithinsuchlimitsbebroughtbeforetheCourttobe
thereexaminedasawitnessinanymatterpendingortobeinquiredintoinsuchCourt

(d)thataprisonerdetainedasaforesaidbebroughtbeforeaCourtmartialoranyCommissioners 9*
* * for trial or to be examined touching any matter pending before such Courtmartial or
Commissionersrespectively

(e) that a prisoner within such limits be removed from one custody to another for the purpose of
trialand

(f) that the body of a defendant within such limits be brought in on the Sheriff's return of Cepi
Corpustoawritofattachment.

1 Ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 Thefigures477rep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.130.
3 ThewordsandtheRecorderofRangoonrep.bytheLowerBurmaCourtsAct,1900(6of1900).
4 AstotrialsforcontemptofauthorityofaCriminalCourtorMagistrateinBaluchistan,seetheBritishBaluchistanCriminalJusticeRegulation,1896(8of1896),Sch.,Art.16.
5 Subsection(2)omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2andSch.
6 Thischaptercontainingsections488490havebeenamendedpreviouslybyvariousenactments.
7 Subs.bytheCriminalLawAmendementAct,1923(12of1923),s.30,forAnyoftheHighCourtsofaJudicatureatFortWilliam,MadrasandBombay.
8 Subs.ibid.,forordinaryoriginalciviljurisdiction.
9 ThewordsactingundertheauthorityofanycommissionfromtheG.GinC.rep.byA.O.,1937.

Page 171 of 319


[(1A)TheHighCourtmay,begeneralorspecialorderpublishedintheofficialGazette,directthatallor
1

anyofitspowersspecifedinclauses(a)and(b)ofsubsection(1)shall,subjecttosuchconditions,ifany,as
maybespecifiedintheorder,beexercisablealsoby

(a)aSessionsJudgeor

(b)anAdditionalSessionsJudge,WithintheterritoriallimitsofaSessionDivision.]

(2) 2[TheHighCourt]may,fromtimetotime,framerulestoregulatetheprocedureincasesunderthis
section.

[(3) Nothing in this section applies to persons detained under any law providing for preventive
3

detention.]

491A. [Powers of High Court outside the limits of appellate jurisdiction.] Omitted by the Criminal
4

Law(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(IIof1950),Schedule.

___________

PARTIX
SUPPLEMENTARYPROVISIONS

__________

CHAPTERXXXVIII
OFTHEPUBLICPROSECUTOR

492. Power to appoint Public Prosecutors.(1) The 5* * 6[Provincial Government] may appoint,
generally,orinanycase,orforanyspecifiedclassofcases,inanylocalarea,oneormoreofficerstobe
calledPublicProsecutors.

(2) 7** 8[Officerinchargeofprosecutioninthedistrict]may,intheabsenceofthePublicProsecutor,


orwherenoPublicProsecutorhasbeenappointed,appointanyotherperson,notbeinganofficerofpolice
below9[suchrankasthe 6[ProvincialGovernment]mayprescribeinthisbehalf]tobePublicProsecutorfor
thepurposeof10[anycase].

493. Public Prosecutor may plead in all Courts in cases under his charge Pleaders privately
instructed to be under his direction. The Public Prosecutor may appear and plead without any written
authoritybeforeanyCourtinwhichanycaseofwhichhehaschargeisunderinquiry,trialorappeal,andif
any private person instructs a pleader to prosecute in any Court any person in any such case, the Public
Prosecutor shall conduct the prosecution, and the pleader so instructed shall act therein, under his
directions.

1 Ins.byOrd.8of02,s.2
2 Subs.bytheCriminalLawAmendementAct,1923(12of1923),s.30,forEachofthesaidHighCourts.
3 Subs.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.,forsubsection(3),whichhaspreviouslybeenamendedbyvariousenactments.
4 S.491Awasins.byAct12of1923,s.31,andsubsequentlyamendedbyA.O.,1937.
5 ThewordsG.GinC,ortherep.byA.O.,1937.
6 Subs.ibid.,forL.G..
7 Thewords"InanycasecommittedfortrialtotheCourtofSessions"rep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.133.
8 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.07(w.e.f.1482001).
9 Subs.ibid.,for"therankofAssistantDistrictSuperintendent.
10 Subs.ibid.,forsuchcase.

494.Effectofwithdrawalfromprosecution.AnyPublicProsecutor
Page 172 of 319 1***may,withthe
494.Effectofwithdrawalfromprosecution.AnyPublicProsecutor1***may,withthe
consent of the Court, 2* * * before the judgment is pronounced, withdraw from the
prosecutionofanyperson 3[eithergenerallyorinrespectofanyoneormoreoftheoffences
forwhichheistried]anduponsuchwithdrawal,

(a)ifitismadebeforeachargehasbeenframed,theaccusedshallbedischarged 3[in
respectofsuchoffenceoroffences]

(b)ifitismadeafterachargehasbeenframed,orwhenunderthisCodenochargeis
required,heshallbeacquitted3[inrespectofsuchoffenceoroffences].

495.Permissiontoconductprosecution.(1)AnyMagistrateinquiringintoortryingany
casemaypermittheprosecutiontobeconductedbyanypersonotherthananofficerofpolice
belowtheranktobeprescribedbythe 4[ProvincialGovernment]inthisbehalf 5***butno
person, other than the Advocate General, Standing Counsel, Government Solicitor, Public
Prosecutororotherofficergenerallyorspeciallyempoweredbythe4[ProvincialGovernment]
inthisbehalf,shallbeentitledtodosowithoutsuchpermission.

(2) Any such officer shall have the like power of withdrawing from the prosecution as
isprovidedbysection494,andtheprovisionsofthatsectionshallapplytoanywithdrawalby
suchofficer.

(3)Anypersonconductingtheprosecutionmaydosopersonallyorbyapleader.

(4) An officer of police shall not be permitted to conduct the prosecution if he has
takenanypartintheinvestigationintotheoffencewithrespecttowhichtheaccusedisbeing
prosecuted.

___________

1 ThewordsappointedbytheG.GinC.ortheL.G.rep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.134.
2 Thewordsandcommaincasestriedbyjurybeforethereturnoftheverdict,andinothercasesomittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
3 Ins.byAct,18of1923,s.134.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1937.,forL.G..
5 ThewordswiththeprevioussanctionoftheG.GinC.rep.bytheDevolutionAct,1920(38of1920)s.2andSch.I.

Page 173 of 319


CHAPTERXXXIX
OFBAIL

496.Inwhatcasesbailtobetaken.Whenanypersonotherthanapersonaccusedofanonbailable
offenceisarrestedordetainedwithoutwarrantbyanofficerinchargeofapolicestation,orappearsoris
broughtbeforeaCourt,andispreparedatanytimewhileinthecustodyofsuchofficeroratanystageof
theproceedingsbeforesuchCourttogivebail,suchpersonshallbereleasedonbail:Providedthatsuch
officer or Court, if he or it thinks fit, may, instead of taking bail from such person, discharge him on his
executingabondwithoutsuretiesforhisappearanceashereinafterprovided:

[Provided,further,thatnothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoaffecttheprovisionsofsection107,
1

subsection(4),orsection117,subsection(3).]

497.Whenbailmaybetakenincaseofnonbailableoffence.(1)Whenanypersonaccusedofany
nonbailableoffenceisarrestedordetainedwithoutwarrantbyanofficerinchargeofapolicestation,or
appears or is brought before a Court, he may be released on bail, but he shall not be so released if there
appear reasonable grounds for believing that he has been guilty of 2[an offence punishable with death or
3
[imprisonmentforlifeorimprisonmentfortenyears]]:
4[ProvidedthattheCourtmaydirectthatanypersonundertheageofsixteenyears5[oranywoman]or
anysickorinfirmpersonaccusedofsuchanoffencebereleasedonbail[:]6

Providedfurtherthatwhereawomanaccusedofanoffenceisrefusedbailundertheforegoingproviso,
sheshallbereleasedonbailifshehasbeendetainedforacontinuousperiodofsixmonthsandwhosetrial
forsuchoffencehasnotbeenconcluded,unlessthecourtisoftheopinionthatthedelayinthetrialofthe
accusedhasbeenoccasionedbyanactoromissionoftheaccusedoranyotherpersonactingonherbehalf.

[ProvidedfurtherthattheCourtshall,exceptwhereitisoftheopinionthatthedelayinthetrialofthe
5

accusedhasbeenoccasionedbyanactoromissionoftheaccusedoranyotherpersonactingonhisbehalf,
directthatanypersonshallbereleasedonbail

(a) Who, being accused of any offence not punishable with death, has been detained for such
offenceforacontinuousperiodexceedingoneyearorincaseofawomanexceedingsixmonths
andwhosetrialforsuchoffencehasnotconcludedor

(b)Who,beingaccusedofanoffencepunishablewithdeath,hasbeendetainedforsuchoffencefor
acontinuousperiodexceedingtwoyearsandincaseofwomanexceedingoneyearandwhose
tiralforsuchoffencehasnotconcluded:

Providedfurtherthattheprovisionsoftheforegoingprovisoshallnotapplytoapreviouslyconvicted
offenderforanoffencepunishablewithdeathorimprisonmentforlifeortoapersonwho,intheopinionof
thecourt,isahardened,desperateordangerouscriminalorisaccusedofanactofterrorismpunishablewith
deathorimprisonmentforlife.].

1 Provisoins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.135.
2 Subs.ibid.,s.136,fortheoffenceofwhichheisaccused.
3 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransportationforlife.
4 Provisoandsubsections(3)and(4)ins.byAct18of1923,s.135.
5 Ins.,omittedandaddedbytheActVIIIof2011,s.3.
6 Subs.byAct25of1974,s.2andSch.,forfullstop

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(2)IfitappearstosuchofficerorCourtatanystageoftheinvestigation,inquiryortrial,asthecasemay
be, that there are not reasonable grounds for believing that the accused has committed 1[a nonbailable
offence], but that there are sufficient grounds for further inquiry into his guilt, the accused shall, pending
suchinquiry,bereleasedonbail,or,atthediscretionofsuchofficerorCourt,ontheexecutionbyhimofa
bondwithoutsuretiesforhisappearanceashereinafterprovided.

[(3) An officer or a Court releasing any person on bail under subsection (1) or subsection (2) shall
2

recordinwritinghisoritsreasonsforsodoing.

(4) If, at any time after the conclusion of the trial of a person accused of a nonbailable offence and
beforeJudgmentisdelivered,theCourtisofopinionthattherearereasonablegroundsforbelievingthatthe
accusedisnotguiltyofanysuchoffence,itshallreleasetheaccused,ifheisincustodyontheexecutionby
himofabondwithoutsuretiesforhisappearancetohearjudgmentdelivered.]

[(5)AHighCourtorCourtofSessionand,inthecaseofapersonreleasedbyitself,anyotherCourt
3

may cause any person who has been released under this section to be arrested and may commit him to
custody.]

498. Power to direct admission to bail or reduction of bail. The amount of every bond executed
underthisChaptershallbefixedwithdueregardtothecircumstancesofthecase,andshallnotbeexcessive
andtheHighCourtorCourtofSessionmay,inanycase,whethertherebeanappealonconvictionornot,
direct that any person be admitted to bail, or that the bail required by a policeofficer or Magistrate be
reduced.

[498A. No bail to be granted to a person not in custody, in court or against whom no case is
4

registered,etc.Nothing in section 497 or section 498 shall be deemed to require or authorise a Court to
releaseonbail,ortodirecttobeadmittedtobail,anypersonwhoisnotincustodyorisnotpresentincourt
oragainstwhomnocasestandsregisteredforthetimebeingandanorderforthereleaseofapersononbail,
oradirectionthatapersonbeadmittedtobail,shallbeeffectiveonlyinrespectofthecasethatsostands
registeredagainsthimandisspecifiedintheorderordirection.]

499.Bondofaccusedandsureties._(1)Beforeanypersonisreleasedonbailorreleasedonhisown
bond, a bond for such sum of money as the policeofficer or Court, as the case may be, thinks sufficient
shall be executed by such person, and, when he is released on bail, by one or more sufficient sureties
conditionedthatsuchpersonshallattendatthetimeandplacementionedinthebond,andshallcontinueso
toattenduntilotherwisedirectedbythepoliceofficerorCourt,asthecasemaybe.

(2) If the case so require, the bond shall also bind the person released on bail to appear when called
uponattheHighCourt,CourtofSessionorotherCourttoanswerthecharge.

1 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.135forsuchoffence.
2 Subsections(3)and(4)ins.ibid.)s.135.
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendement)Act,1923(18of1923),s.136,fortheoriginalsubsection(3).
4 Section498Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcdure(Amdt.)Act,1976(13of1976),s.4(w.e.f.1541976).

Page 175 of 319


500. Discharge from custody._(1) As soon as the bond has been executed, the person for whose
appearanceithasbeenexecutedshallbereleasedand,whenheisinjail,theCourtadmittinghimtobail
shallissueanorderofreleasetotheofficerinchargeoftheJail,andsuchofficeronreceiptoftheordershall
releasehim.

(2) Nothing in this section, section 496 or section 497 shall be deemed to require the release of any
personliabletobedetainedforsomematterotherthanthatinrespectofwhichthebondwasexecuted.

501.Powertoordersufficientbailwhenthatfirsttakenisinsufficient.lf,throughmistake,fraudor
otherwise,insufficientsuretieshavebeenaccepted,oriftheyafterwardsbecomeinsufficient,theCourtmay
issueawarrantofarrestdirectingthatthepersonreleasedonbailbebroughtbeforeitandmayorderhimto
findsufficientsureties,and,onhisfailingsotodo,maycommithimtoJail.

502. Discharge of sureties.(1) All or any sureties for the attendance and appearance of a person
released on bail may at any time apply to a Magistrate to discharge the bond, either wholly or so far as
relatestotheapplicants.

(2) On such application being made, the Magistrate shall issue his warrant of arrest directing that the
personsoreleasedbebroughtbeforehim.

(3) On the appearance of such person pursuant to the warrant, or on his voluntary surrender, the
Magistrateshalldirectthebondtobedischargedeitherwhollyorsofarasrelatestotheapplicants,andshall
calluponsuchpersontofindothersufficientsureties,and,ifhefallstodoso,maycommithimtocustody.

CHAPTERXL

OFCOMMISSIONSFORTHEEXAMINATIONOFWITNESSES

503.Whenattendanceofwitnessmaybedispensedwith._(1)Whenever,inthecourseofaninquiry,a
trialoranyotherproceedingunderthisCode,itappearsto 1***, 2***aCourtofSessionortheHigh
CourtthattheexaminationofawitnessisnecessaryfortheendsofJustice,andthattheattendanceofsuch
witness cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expense or inconvenience which, under the
circumstancesofthecase,wouldbeunreasonable,such 2***Courtmaydispensewithsuchattendance
and may issue a commission to any 2* * * Magistrate of the First Class, within the local limits of
whosejurisdictionsuchwitnessresides,totaketheevidenceofsuchwitness.
3
*****

1 ThewordsaPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Omittedbyord.37of2001,s.68(w.e.f.14082001).
3 Subsection(2)omittedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.,whichhaspreviouslybeenamendedbyvariousenactments.

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[(2A)WhenthewitnessresidesinanareainorinrelationtowhichthePresidenthasextraprovincial
1

jurisdictionwithinthemeaningoftheExtraProvincialJurisdictionOrder,1949(G.G.O.No5of1949)the
commission may be issued to such Court or officer in the area as may be recognised by the President by
notificationintheofficialGazettehasaCourtorofficertowhichortowhomcommissionsmaybeissued
underthissubsectionandwithinthelocallimitsofwhosejurisdictionthewitnessresides.]

(2B)WhenthewitnessresidesintheUnitedKingdomoranyothercountryoftheCommonwealth 2**
*orintheUnionofBurma,3[oranyothercountryinwhichreciprocalarrangementinthisbehalfexists,]the
commissionmaybeissuedtosuchCourtorJudgehavingauthorityinthisbehalfinthatcountryasmaybe
specifiedbythe4[FederalGovernment]by5notificationintheOfficialGazette.]

(3)TheMagistrateorofficertowhomthecommissionisissued,6***7***shallproceedtotheplace
wherethewitnessisorshallsummonthewitnessbeforehim,andshalltakedownhisevidenceinthesame
manner,andmayforthispurposeexercisethesamepowers,asintrialsof8[cases]underthiscode.

[(4)Wherethecommissionisissuedtosuchofficerasismentionedinsubsection(2A),hemay,inlieu
9

of proceeding in the manner provided in subsection (3), delegate his powers and duties under the
commissiontoanyofficersubordinatetohimwhosepowersarenotlessthanthoseofaMagistrateofthe
firstclassinPakistan.].

504.[CommissionincaseofwitnessbeingwithinPresidencytown]OmittedbyA,O.,1949,Schedule.

505.Partiesmayexaminewitnesses.10[(1)ThepartiestoanyproceedingunderthisCodeinwhicha
commissionisissued,mayrespectivelyforwardanyinterrogatoriesinwritingwhichtheMagistrateorCourt
directing the commission may think relevant to the issue and when the commission is directed to a
Magistrateorofficermentionedinsection503,suchMagistrateortheofficertowhomthedutyexecuting
suchcommissionhasbeendelegatedshall!examinethewitnessuponsuchinterrogations.]

(2)AnysuchpartymayappearbeforesuchMagistrateor 11[officer]bypleader,orifnotincustody,in
person,andmayexamine,crossexamineandreexamine(asthecasemaybe)thesaidwitness.

1 Subs.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.,forsubsection(2A),whichhadbeenamendedbyA.O.,1961,Art.2andF.A.O.,1975,Art.2
andTable.
2 ThewordsherthanPakistanomittedbytheLawRerformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.ForenforcementofthisamendementintheProvinces.
3 Ins.bytheCivilandCriminalProcedrueCodes(Amdt.)Ordinance,1962(67of1962),s.2.
4 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andTable,forCentralGovernment.
5 ForinstancesofnotificationsseeGazofP.,1960,Ext.,pp461462,ibid.,1963,Pt.Ip.20.
6 ThewordsorifheistheDistrictMagistrate,he,"omittedbyOrdinance27of1981,s.3andSecondSch.
7 ThewordsandcommasorsuchMagistrate,oftheFirstclassasheappointsinthisbehalf,omittedbyOdinance,12of1972,s.2andSch.
8 Subsibid.,forwarrantcases.
9 Subsection(4)asamendedbyAct14of1950.,s.2,fortheoriginalsubsectin(4)andOrdinance21of1960,s.3and2ndSch.hasbeensubs.byOrdinance27of1981,s.3andSecondSch.,toread
asabove.
10 Subsection(1)ofsection504hasbeensuccessivelyamendedbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendment)Act,1923(18of1923),s.136,theCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendment)Act,
1943(27of1943),s.3andtheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendment)Act,1950(14of1950),s.3,toreadasabove.
11 TheoriginalwordOfficerhasbeensuccessivelyamendedbyAct27of1943andAct14of1950,toreadasabove.

506.Powerof 1**Magistratetoapplyforissueofcommission,Whenever,inthecourseof
Page 177 of 319
506.Powerof 1**Magistratetoapplyforissueofcommission,Whenever,inthecourseof
an inquiry or a trial or any other proceeding under this Code before any Magistrate 2* * * it
appears that a commission ought to be issued for the examination of a witness whose evidence is
necessary for the ends of justice, and that the attendance of such witness cannot be procured
withoutanamountofdelay,expenseorinconveniencewhich,underthecircumstancesofthecase,
would be unreasonable, 3[such Magistrate] 2* * *, shall apply to the Sessions Judge, stating the
reasonsfortheapplication 3[andtheSessionsJudge] 2***mayeitherissueacommissioninthe
mannerhereinbeforeprovidedorrejecttheapplication.

507. Return of commission._(1) After any commission issued under section 503 or section
506hasbeendulyexecuted, 2***itshallbereturned,togetherwiththedepositionofthewitness
examinedthereunder,totheCourtoutofwhichitissuedandthecommission,thereturnthereto
and the deposition shall be open at all reasonable times to inspection of the parties, and may,
subjecttoalljustexceptions,bereadinevidenceinthecasebyeitherparty,andshallformpartof
therecord.

(2) Any deposition so taken, if it satisfies the conditions prescribed by section 33 of the
EvidenceAct,1872,mayalsobereceivedinevidenceatanysubsequentstageofthecasebefore
anotherCourt.

508. Adjournment of inquiry or trial. In every case in which a commission is issued under
section503orsection506,theinquiry,trialorotherproceedingmaybeadjournedforaspecified
timereasonablysufficientfortheexecutionandreturnofthecommission.
5[508A. Application of this Chapter to commissions issued in Burma. The provisions of
subsection (3) of section 503,6* * * and so much of sections 505 and 507 as relate to the
execution of a commission and its return by the Magistrate or officer to whom the commission is
directed shall apply in respect of commissions issued 7[by any Court or Judge having authority in
thisbehalfintheUnitedKingdomorinanyothercountryoftheCommonwealth 8***orinthe
UnionofBurma 9[oranyothercountryinwhichreciprocalarrangementinthisbehalfexists]under
thelawinforceinthatcountry]relatingtocommissionsfortheexaminationofwitnesses,asthey
applytocommissionsissuedundersection503orsection506.]

1 ThewordsProvincialSubordinateomittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,S.2andSch.
3 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,S.69(w.e.f1482001).
4 Thewordsor,inacasetowhichclause(b)ofsubsection(4)ofsection503applies,hasbeenagainreceivedbytheofficerbywhomitwasforwardedtotheStateCourtwhichwereins.byAct
27of1943havebeenomittedbyAct14of1950,s.4.
5 Section508Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendement)Act,1940(35of1940),s.3.
6 Thewords,parenthesesandfiguressubsections(1)and(1A)ofsection504rep.bytheFederalLaws(RevsionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andSch.II.
7 Subs.bythecodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendement)Act,1950(14of1950),s.5,forbyaMagistrateorCourtinBurmaunderthelawinforceinBurma.
8 ThewordsotherthanPakistanomittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
9 Ins.bythecivilandCriminalProcedureCodes(Amendement)Ordinance,1962(67of1962)s.2.

Page 178 of 319


CHAPTERXLI
SPECIALRULESOFEVIDENCE

509. Deposition of medical witness._(1) The deposition of a Civil Surgeon or other medical witness,
takenandattestedbyaMagistrateinthepresenceoftheaccused,ortakenoncommissionunderChapter
XL, may be given in evidence in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, although the
deponentisnotcalledasawitness.

(2) Power to summon medical witness. The Court may, if it thinks fit, summon and examine such
deponentastothesubjectmatterofhisdeposition.

[510.ReportofChemicalExaminer,Serologistetc.Anydocumentpurportingtobeareport,under
1

the hand of any Chemical Examiner or Assistant Chemical Examiner to Government or any Serologist,
fingerprintexpertorfirearmexpertappointedbyGovernment, 2[oroftheChiefChemistofthePakistan
SecurityPrintingCorporation,Limited.]uponanymatterorthingdulysubmittedtohimforexaminationor
analysisandreportinthecourseofanyproceedingunderthisCode,may,withoutcallinghimasawitness,
beusedasevidenceinanyinquiry,trialorotherproceedingunderthisCode:

ProvidedthattheCourtmay, 3[ifitconsidersnecessaryintheinterestofjustice],summonandexamine
thepersonbywhomsuchreporthasbeenmade.].

511.Previousconvictionoracquittalhowproved.Inanyinquiry,trialorotherproceedingunderthis
Code,apreviousconvictionoracquittalmaybeproved,inadditiontoanyothermodeprovidedbyanylaw
forthetimebeinginforce

(a)byanextractcertifiedunderthehandoftheofficerhavingthecustodyoftherecordsoftheCourt
inwhichsuchconvictionoracquittalwashadtobeacopyofthesentenceortheorderor

(b)incaseofaconviction,eitherbyacertificatesignedbytheofficerinchargeofthejailinwhichthe
punishmentoranypartthereofwasinflicted,orbyproductionofthewarrantofcommitmentunder
whichthepunishmentwassuffered

togetherwith,ineachofsuchcases,evidenceastotheidentityoftheaccusedpersonwiththepersonso
convictedoracquitted.

512. Record of evidence in absence of accused._(1) If it is proved that an accused person has
absconded,andthatthereisnoimmediateprospectofarrestinghim,theCourtcompetenttotryor4[sendfor
trialtotheCourtofSessionorHighCourt]suchpersonfortheoffencecomplainedofmay,inhisabsence,
examine the witnesses (if any) produced on behalf of the prosecution, and record their depositions. Any
suchdepositionmay,onthearrestofsuchperson,begiveninevidenceagainsthimontheinquiryinto,or
trialfor,theoffencewithwhichheischarged,ifthedeponentisdeadorincapableofgivingevidenceorhis
attendance cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expanse or inconvenience which, under the
circumstancesofthecase,wouldbeunreasonable.

1 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forsection510.
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1983(5of1983),s.2.
3 SubsbytheLawReforms(Amdt.)Act,1976(21of1976),s.2andSch,forandshall,ifso.requestedbyanypartytosuchinquiry,trialorproceeding,,(w.e.f.18476).
4 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forcommitfortrail.

Page 179 of 319


(2)Recordofevidencewhenoffenderunknown.Ifitappearsthatanoffencepunishablewithdeathor
1
[imprisonmentforlife]hasbeencommittedbysomepersonorpersonsunknown,theHighCourtmaydirect
thatanyMagistrateofthefirstclassshallholdaninquiryandexamineanywitnesseswhocangiveevidence
concerning the offence. Any depositions so taken may be given in evidence against any person who is
subsequentlyaccusedoftheoffence,ifthedeponentisdeadorincapableofgivingevidenceorbeyondthe
limitsof2[Pakistan].

CHAPTERXLII

PROVISIONSASTOBONDS

513.Depositinsteadofrecognizance.WhenanypersonisrequiredbyanyCourtorofficertoexecute
abond,withorwithoutsureties,suchCourtorofficermay,exceptinthecaseofabondforgoodbehaviour,
permit him to deposit a sum of money or Government promissory notes to such amount as the Court or
officermayfix,inlieuofexecutingsuchbond.

514.Procedureonforfeitureofbond._(1)WheneveritisprovedtothesatisfactionoftheCourtby
3

whichabondunderthisCodehasbeentaken,oroftheCourtofa 4***Magistrateofthefirstclass,or,
whenthebondisforappearancebeforeaCourt,tothesatisfactionofsuchCourt,thatsuchbondhasbeen
forfeited,theCourtshallrecordthegroundsofsuchproof,andmaycalluponanypersonboundbysuch
bondtopaythepenaltythereof,ortoshowcausewhyitshouldnotbepaid.

(2)Ifsufficientcauseisnotshownandthepenaltyisnotpaid,theCourtmayproceedtorecoverthe
samebyissuingawarrantfortheattachmentandsaleofthemoveablepropertybelongingtosuchpersonor
hisestateifheisdead.

(3)SuchwarrantmaybeexecutedwithinthelocallimitsofthejurisdictionoftheCourtwhichissuedit
anditshallauthorizethe5[attachment]andsaleofanymoveablepropertybelongingtosuchpersonwithout
such limits, when endorsed by the 6[District Officer (Revenue)] 7* * * within the local limits of whose
jurisdictionsuchpropertyisfound.

(4) If such penalty is not paid and cannot be recovered by such attachment and sale, the person so
boundshallbeliable,byorderoftheCourtwhichissuedthewarrant,toimprisonmentintheciviljailfora
termwhichmayextendtosixmonths.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,fortransporation(w.e.f.1341972).
2 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
3 S.514appliestoallcasesrequiringsecurityforgoodbehaviourunderthePunjabFrontierCrossingRegulation,1873(7of1873),s.6.
4 ThewordsPresidencyMagistrateoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.139,fordistress.
6 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.70(w.e.f14082001).
7 ThewordsorChiefPresidencymagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949.Sch.

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(5) The Court may, at its discretion, remit any portion of the penalty mentioned and enforce
paymentinpartonly.

(6) Where a surety to a bond dies before the bond is forfeited, his estate shall be discharged
fromallliabilityinrespectofthebond1***.
2[(7)Whenanypersonwhohasfurnishedsecurityundersection106orsection118 3***is
convictedofanoffencethecommissionofwhichconstitutesabreachoftheconditionsofhisbond,
orofabondexecutedinlieuofhisbondundersection514B,acertifiedcopyofthejudgmentof
the Court by which he was convicted of such offence may be used as evidence in proceedings
under this section against his surety or sureties, and, if such certified copy is so used, the Court
shallpresumethatsuchoffencewascommittedbyhimunlessthecontraryisproved.]
4[514A.Procedure in case of insolvency or death of surety or when a bond is
forfeited. When any surety to a bond under this Code becomes insolvent or dies, or when any
bond is forfeited under the provisions of section 514, the Court by whose order such bond was
taken,or 5***Magistrateofthefirstclass,mayorderthepersonfromwhomsuchsecuritywas
demanded to furnish fresh security in accordance with the directions of the original order, and, it
suchsecurityisnotfurnished,suchCourtorMagistratemayproceedasiftherehadbeenadefault
incomplyingwithsuchoriginalorder.

514B. Bond required from a minor. When the person required by any Court or officer to
executeabondisaminor,suchCourtorofficermayaccept,inlieuthereof,abondexecutedbya
suretyorsuretiesonly.
6[515.Appealsfrom,andrevisionof,ordersundersection514.Allorderspassedbyany
Magistrateundersection514shallbeappealabletotheSessionsJudgeor,ifnoappealispreferred
againstanysuchorder,mayberevisedbytheSessionsJudge".]

516. Power to direct levy of amount due on certain recognizances. The High Court or
CourtofSessionmaydirectanyMagistratetolevytheamountdueonabondtoappearandattend
atsuchHighCourtorCourtofSession.

___________

1 Thewordsbutthepartywhogavethebondmayberequiredtofindanewsuretyrep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.139.
2 Subsection(7)ins.ibid.
3 Thewordsandfigureorsection562omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
4 Sections514Aand514Bins.ibid.,s.140.
5 ThewordsPresidencymagistrateoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
6 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.71(w.e.f14082001)

Page 181 of 319


CHAPTERXLIII

OFTHEDISPOSALOFPROPERTY

[516A. Order for custody and disposal of property pending trial in certain cases. When any
1

propertyregardingwhichanyoffenceappearstohavebeencommitted,orwhichappearstohavebeenused
forthecommissionofanyoffence,isproducedbeforeanyCriminalCourtduringanyinquiryortrial,the
Courtmaymakesuchorderasitthinksfitforthepropercustodyofsuchpropertypendingtheconclusionof
the inquiry or trial, and, if the property is subject to speedy or natural decay, may, after recording such
evidenceasitthinksnecessary,orderittobesoldorotherwisediposedof[:]2

[Providedthat,ifthepropertyconsistsofexplosivesubstance,theCourtshallnotorderittobesoldor
3

handedovertoanypersonotherthanaGovernmentdepartmentorofficedealingwith,ortoanauthorised
dealerin,suchsubstances[:]4

4[Providedfurtherthatifthepropertyisadangerousdrug,intoxicant,intoxicatingliquororanyother
narcotic substance seized or taken into custody under the Dangerous Drugs Act, 1930 (II of 1930), the
CustomsAct,1969(IVof1969),theProhibition(EnforcementofHadd)Order,1979(P.O.4of1979),or
anyotherlawforthetimebeinginforce,theCourtmay,eitheronanapplicationorofitsownmotionand
underitssupervisionandcontrol,obtainandpreparesuchnumberofsamplesofthepropertyasitmaydeem
fit for safe custody and production before it or any other Court and cause destruction of the remaining
portionofthepropertyunderacertificateissuedbyitinthatbehalf:

Provided also that such samples shall be deemed to be whole of the property in an inquiry or
proceedingsinrelationtosuchoffencebeforeanyauthorityorCourt."]

517.Orderfordisposalofpropertyregardingwhichoffencecommitted.(1)Whenaninquiryora
trialinanyCriminalCourtisconcluded,theCourtmaymakesuchorderasitthinksfitforthedisposal 5[by
destruction, confiscation, or delivery to any person claiming to be entitled to possession thereof or
otherwise]ofanypropertyordocumentproducedbeforeitorinitscustodyorregardingwhichanyoffence
appearstohavebeencommitted,orwhichhasbeenusedforthecommissionofanyoffence.

(2) When a High Court or Court of Session makes such order and cannot through its own officers
conveniently deliver the property to the person entitled thereto, such Court may direct that the order be
carriedintoeffectbythe6[DistrictOfficer(Revenue)].

[(3) When an order is made under this section such order shall not, except where the property is
7

livestockorsubjecttospeedyandnaturaldecay,andsaveasprovidedbysubsection(4),becarriedoutfor
onemonth,or,whenanappealispresented,untilsuchappealhasbeendisposedof.

1 Section516Ains.byAct18of1923,s.141.
2 Subs.bytheCriminalLaws(Amdt.)Ordinance,1981(33of1981),s.3,forfullstop.
3 Provisoaddedibid.
4 Subs.&added.byAct.VIIof1993,s.3.
5 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalprocedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.142.
6 Subs.andaddedbyOrd.37of2001,S.73(w.e.f1482001).
7 Subsection(3)and(4)ins.ibid.

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(4)NothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoprohibitanyCourtfromdeliveringanypropertyunderthe
provisionsofsubsection(1)toanypersonclaimingtobeentitledtothepossessionthereof,onhisexecuting
a bond with or without sureties to the satisfaction of the Court engaging to restore such property to the
Courtiftheordermadeunderthissectionismodifiedorsetasideonappeal.]

Explanation. In this section the term "property" includes in the case of property regarding which an
offenceappeartohavebeencommitted,notonlysuchpropertyashasbeenoriginallyinthepossessionor
underthecontrolofanyparty,butalsoanypropertyintoorforwhichthesamemayhavebeenconvertedor
exchanged,andanythingacquiredbysuchconversionorexchange,whetherimmediatelyorotherwise.

518. Order may take form of reference to District. In lieu of itself passing an order under section
517,theCourtmaydirectthepropertytobedeliveredto1[aMagistrateoftheFirstClass]whoshallinsuch
cases deal with it as if it had been seized by the police and the Seizure had been reported to him in the
mannerhereinaftermentioned.

519.Paymenttoinnocentpurchaserofmoneyfoundonaccused.Whenanypersonisconvictedof
anyoffencewhichincludes,oramountsto,theftorreceivingstolenproperty,anditisprovedthatanyother
personhasboughtthestolenpropertyfromhimwithoutknowing,orhavingreasontobelieve,thatthesame
wasstolen,andthatanymoneyhasonhisarrestbeentakenoutofthepossessionoftheconvictedperson,
the Court may, on the application of such purchaser and on the restitution of the stolen property to the
personentitledtothepossessionthereof,orderthatoutofsuchmoneyasumnotexceedingthepricepaid
bysuchpurchaserbedeliveredtohim.

520. Stay of Order under Section 517,518 or 519. Any Court of appeal, confirmation, reference or
revisionmaydirectanyorderunderSection517,Section518,orSection519,passedbyaCourtsubordinate
thereto,tobestayedpendingconsiderationbytheformerCourt,andmaymodify,alterorannulsuchorder
andmakeanyfurtherordersthatmaybejust.

521.Destructionoflibellousandothermatter._(1)OnaconvictunderthePakistanPenalCode(XLV
of1860),section292,section293section501orsection502,theCourtmayorderthedestructionofallthe
copiesofthatthinginrespectofwhichtheconvictionwashad,andwhichareinthecustodyoftheCourtor
remaininthepossessionorpowerofthepersonconvicted.

(2)TheCourtmay,inlikemanner,onaconvictionunderPakistanPenalCode(XLVof1860),Section
272,Section273,Section274orSection275,orderthefood,drink,drugormedicalpreparationinrespect
ofwhichtheconvictionwashadtobedestroyed.

522.Powertorestorepossessionofimmoveableproperty.(1)Wheneverapersonisonvictedofan
offence, 2[of cheating or forgery or of an offence] attended by criminal force 3[or show of force or by
criminalintimidation]anditappearstotheCourtthatbysuch 2[cheatingforgery,]force 3[orShowofforce
orcriminalintimidation]anypersonhasbeendispossessedofanyimmoveable,property,theCourtmay,ifit
thinksfit,

1 Subs.andaddedbyOrd.37of2001,s.73(w.e.f.1482001.).
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1984(17of184),s.2.
3 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.143.

Page 183 of 319


1[whenconvictingsuchpersonoratanytimewithinonemonthfromthedateoftheconviction]order 2[the
persondispossessed]toberestoredtothepossessionofthesame [whethersuchpropertyisinthepossession
3

orunderthecontrolof[thepersonconvictedorofanyotherpersontowhomitmayhavebeentransferred
foranyconsiderationorotherwise.]

(2) No such order shall prejudice any right or interest to or in such immovable property which any
personmaybeabletoestablishinacivilsuit.

[(3) An order under this section may be made by any Court of appeal, confirmation, reference or
4

revision.]

[522A.Powertorestorepossessionofmoveableproperty._(1)Wheneverapersonisconvictedofan
5

offenceofcriminalmisappropriationofpropertyorcriminalbreachoftrustorcheatingorforgeryandit
appears to the Court that, by such misappropriation, breach of trust, cheating or forgery, any person has
been dispossessed or otherwise deprived of any moveable property, the Court may, if thinks fit, when
convictingsuchpersonofatanytimewithinonemonthfromthedateoftheconvection,ordertheperson
dispossessed or deprived of the property, where such property can be identified, to be restored to the
possessionofsuchproperty,whethersuchpropertyisinthepossessionorunderthecontroloftheperson
convictedorofanyotherpersontowhomitmayhavebeentransferredforanyconsiderationorotherwise.

(2)Wherethepropertyreferredtoinsubsection(1)cannotbeidentifiedorhasbeendisposedofbythe
accusedsothatitmaynotbeidentified,theCourtmayordersuchcompensationtobepaidtotheperson
dispossessedordeprivedofsuchpropertyasitmaydetermineinthecircumstancesofthecase.

(3)Noorderreferredtoinsubsection(1)orsubsection(2)shallprejudiceanyrightorinterestinany
moveablepropertywhichanypersonmaybeabletoestablishinacivilsuit.]

523.Procedurebypoliceuponseizureofpropertytakenundersection51orstolen.(1)Theseizure
by any police officer of property taken under Section 51, or alleged or suspected to have been stolen, or
found under circumstances which create suspicion of the commission of any offence, shall be forthwith
reportedtoaMagistrate,whoshallmakesuchorderashethinksfitrespectingthedisposalofsuchproperty
orthedeliveryofsuchpropertytothepersonentitledtothepossessionthereof,or,ifsuchpersoncannotbe
ascertained,respectingthecustodyandproductionofsuchproperty.

[(2) Procedure where owner of property seized unknown. If the person so entitled is known, the
6

Magistratemayorderthepropertytobedeliveredtohimonsuchconditions(ifany)astheMagistratethinks
fit. If such person is unknown, the Magistrate may detain it and shall, in such case, issue a proclamation
specifying the articles of which such property consists, and requiring any person who may have a claim
thereto,toappearbeforehimandestablishhisclaimwithinsixmonthsfromthedateofsuchproclamation.

1 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amendment.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.143.
2 Subs.ibidi.,forsuchperson.
3 AddedbyOrdinance17of1984,s.2.
4 Subsection(3)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.143.
5 Section522Ains.bythecodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1984(17of1984),s.3.
6 AmendedinitsapplicationtothePronviceofPunjabseeWestPunjabOrdinance3of1948.

Page 184 of 319


524. Procedure where no claimant appears within six months._(1) If no person within such
period establishes his claim to such property, and if the person in whose possession such property was
found,isunabletoshowthatitwaslegallyacquiredbyhim,suchpropertyshallbeatthedisposalofthe
1
[Provincial Government] and may be sold under the orders of 2* * 3[Magistrate of the First Class]
empoweredbythe4[ProvincialGovernment]inthisbehalf.

(2)Inthecaseofeveryorderpassedunderthissection,anappealshalllietotheCourttowhichappeals
againstsentencesoftheCourtpassingsuchorderwouldlie.

525. Power to sell perishable property. If the person entitled to the possession of such property is
unknownorabsentandthepropertyissubjecttospeedyandnaturaldecay, 5[oriftheMagistrate]towhom
itsseizureisreportedisofopinionthatitssalewouldbeforthebenefitoftheowner, [orthatthevalueof
6

suchpropertyislessthantenrupees.]theMagistratemayatanytimedirectittobesoldandtheprovisions
ofSections523and524shall,asnearlyasmaybepracticable,applytothenettproceedsofsuchsale.

CHAPTERXLIV

OFTHETRANSFEROFCRIMINALCASES

526. High Court may transfer case or itself try it._(1) Whenever it is made to appear to the High
Court:

(a)thatafairandimpartialinquiryortrialcannotbehadinanyCriminalCourtsubordinatethereto,
or

(b)thatsomequestionoflawofunusualdifficultyislikelytoarise,or

(c)thataviewoftheplaceinornearwhichanyoffencehasbeencommittedmayberequiredfor
thesatisfactoryinquiryintoortrialofthesame,or

(d)thatanorderunderthissectionwilltendtothegeneralconvenienceofthepartiesorwitnesses,
or

(e) that such an order is expedient for the ends of justice, or is required by any provision of this
Codeitmayorder

(i)thatanyoffencebeinquiredintoortriedbyanyCourtnotempoweredundersections177to
184(bothinclusive)butinotherrespectscompetenttoinquireintoortrysuchoffence

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forGovt..
2 ThewordsPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Subs.byOrd.37of2001,s.14(w.e.f1482001).
4 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
5 Subs.byAct.18of1923,s.144,forortheMagistrate.
6 Ins.ibid.

Page 185 of 319


(ii)thatanyparticular 1*caseorappeal,orclassof 2*casesorappeals,betransferredfroma
Criminal Court subordinate to its authority to any other such Criminal Court of equal or
superiorjurisdiction

(iii)thatanyparticular1*caseorappealbetransferredtoandtriedbeforeitselfor

(iv)thatanaccusedpersonbe3[sent]fortrialtoitselfortoaCourtofSession.

(2) When the High Court withdraws for trial before itself any case from any Court 4* * *, it shall,
5
***observeinsuchtrialthesameprocedurewhichthatCourtwouldhaveobservedifthecasehadnot
beensowithdrawn.

(3)TheHighCourtmayacteitheronthereportoftheLowerCourt,orontheapplicationofaparty
interested,oronitsowninitiative.

(4)Everyapplicationfortheexerciseofthepowerconferredbythissectionshallbemadebymotion,
whichshall,exceptwhentheapplicantistheAdvocateGeneral,besupportedbyaffidavitoraffirmation.

(5)Whenanaccusedpersonmakesanapplicationunderthissection,theHighCourtmaydirecthimto
executeabond,withorwithoutsureties,conditionedthathewill,if 6[soordered]pay 7[anyamountwhich
the High Court 8[may under this Section award by way of Compensation] to the person Opposing the
application.]

(6)NoticetoPublicProsecutorofapplicationunderthissection.Everyaccusedpersonmakingany
suchapplicationshallgivetothePublicProsecutornoticeinwritingoftheapplication,togetherwithacopy
ofgroundsonwhichitismade,andnoordershallbemadeonthemeritsoftheapplicationunlessatleast
twentyfourhourshaveelapsedbetweenthegivingofsuchnoticeandthehearingoftheapplication.

[(6A)Whereanyapplicationfortheexerciseofthepowerconferredbythissectionisdismissed,the
9

HighCourtmayifitisofopinionthattheapplicationwasfrivolousorvexatious,ordertheapplicanttopay
bywayof10[compensation]toanypersonwhohasopposedtheapplication11[suchsumnotexceeding12[five
hundredrupees]asitmayconsiderproperinthecircumstancesofthecase].]

1 Thewordcriminalrepl.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.145.
2 Thwwordsuchrep.ibid.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forcommitted.
4 ThewordsotherthantheCourtofaPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Thewordsfigureandcomma,exceptasprovidedinsection267,omittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2.andSch.
6 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.145,forconvicted.
7 Subs.ibid.,forthecostsoftheProsecutor.
8 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1932(21of1932),s.2forhaspowerunderthissectiontoawardbywayofcosts.
9 Subsection(6A)ins.byAct18of1923,s.145.
10 Subs.byAct21of1932,s.2forcosts.
11 Subs.ibid.,foranyexpensesreasonablyincurredbysuchpersoninconsequenceoftheapplication.
12 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.Fortwohundredandfiftyrupees.

Page 186 of 319


(7)Nothinginthissectionshallbedeemedtoaffectanyordermadeundersection197.

[(8)Adjournmentonapplicationunderthissection.InanyinquiryunderChapterVIIIoranytrial,
1

thefactthatanypartyintimatestotheCourtatanystagethatheintendstomakeanapplicationunderthis
sectionshallnotrequiretheCourttoadjournthecasebuttheCourtshallnotpronounceitsfinaljudgment
or order until the application has been finally disposed of by the High Court and, if the application is
accepted by the High Court, the proceedings taken by the Court subsequent to the intimation made to it
shall,attheoptionoftheaccused,beheldafresh.]

1[(9)Notwithstandinganythinghereinbeforecontained,aJudgepresidinginaCourtofSessionshallnot
berequiredtoadjournatrialundersubsection(8)ifheisofopinionthatthepersonnotifyinghisintention
ofmakinganapplicationunderthissectionhashadareasonableopportunityofmakingsuchasapplication
andhasfailedwithoutsufficientcausetotakeadvantageofit.

[Explanation.Nothingcontainedinsubsection(8)orsubsection(9)restrictsthepowersofaCourt
2

undersection344.

(10)If,beforetheargument(ifany),fortheadmissionofanappealbegins,or,inthecaseofanappeal
admitted,beforetheargumentfortheappellantbegins,anypartyinterestedintimatestotheCourtthathe
intendstomakeanapplicationunderthissection,theCourtshall,uponsuchpartyexecuting,ifsorequired,
a bond without sureties of an amount not exceeding 3[five hundred rupees] that he will make such
applicationwithinareasonabletimetobefixedbytheCourt,postponetheappealforsuchaperiodaswill
affordsufficienttimeforapplicationtobemadeandanordertobeobtainedthereon.]
4
[526A. [High Court to transfer for trial to itself in certain cases. Omitted by Code of Criminal
Procedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1969(20of1969),S.2(w.e.f.2971969).

527. Power of Provincial Government to transfer cases and appeals._(1) The 5[Provincial
Government]may,bynotificationinthe 6[OfficialGazette],directthetransferofanyparticular 7*caseor
appeal from one High Court to another High Court, or from any Criminal Court subordinate to one High
Court, to any other Criminal Court of equal or superior jurisdiction subordinate to another High Court,
whenever it appears to 8[it] that such transfer will promote the ends of justice, or tend to the general
convenienceofpartiesorwitnesses:

[Provided that no case or appeal shall be transferred to a High Court or other Court in another
9

ProvincewithouttheconsentoftheProvincialGovernmentofthatProvince.]

(2) The Court to which such case or appeal is transferred shall deal with the same as if it had been
originallyinstitutedin,orpresentedto,suchCourt.

1 Subs.ibid.,forsubsections(8)and(9)whichwerepreviouslyamendedbyAct21of1932s.2and18of1923,s.145fortheoriginalsubsection.
2 Explanationandsubsection(10)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1932(21of1932),s.2.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.Fortwohundredrupees.
4 Thissectionhaspreviouslybeenamendedbyvariousenactments.
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forG.G,inC.
6 Subs.ibid.,forGazetteofIndia.
7 Thewordcriminalrep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.146.
8 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forhim.
9 Provisoins.,ibid.

Page 187 of 319


528. Sessions Judge may withdraw cases from Assistant Sessions Judge._1[(1) Any Sessions Judge
maywithdrawanycasefrom,orrecallanycasewhichhehasmadeoverto,anyAssistantSessionsJudge
subordinatetohim.]

[(1A)Atanytimebeforethetrialofthecaseorthehearingoftheappealhascommencedbeforethe
2

AdditionalSessionsJudge,anySessionsJudgemayrecallanycaseorappealWhichhehasmadeovertoany
AdditionalSessionsJudge.

(1B) Where a Sessions Judge withdraws or recalls a case under subsection (1) or recalls a case or
appealundersubsection(1A),hemayeithertrythecaseinhisownCourtorheartheappealhimself,or
makeitoverinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofthisCodetoanotherCourtfortrialorhearing,asthecase
maybe.]

[(1C)AnySessionsJudgemaywithdrawanycasefrom,orrecallanycasewhichhehasmadeoverto,
3

any Magistrate subordinate to him, and may refer it for inquiry or trial to any other such Magistrate
competenttoinquireintoortrythesame.
4***

5
*******

6[(4)AnyMagistratemayrecallanycasemadeoverbyhimundersection192,Subsection(2),toany
otherMagistrateandmayinquireintoortrysuchcasehimself.]

[(5)] A Magistrate making an order under *[this] 8[preceding subsection shall record in writing his
7

reasonsformakingthesame.
9***

10
*******
11CHAPTERXLIVA.[SUPPLEMENTARYPROVISIONSRELATINGTOEUROPEANANDPAKISTAN
BRITISH SUBJECTS AND OTHERS.]Omitted by the Criminal Law (Extinction of Discriminatory
Privileges)Act,1949(IIof1950),Schedule.

1 Subsection(1)ins.byAct18of1923,s.147.
2 Subsections(1A)and(1B)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProceduer(Amdt.)Act,1946(3of1946),s.2.
3 Subsection(1C)ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
4 OmittedandaddedbyordXIIof1972,s.2&schasamendedbybyAct23of1997.
5 Subsections(2)and(3)omittedibid.,whichhaspreviouslybeenamendedbyvariousenactments.
6 Subsection(4)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.147.
7 Originalsubsections(1),(2)and(3)wererenumberedas(2),(3)and(5)respectively,byAct18of1923,s.137.
* Sixshouldread"the".
8 Subs.bytheLawRefromsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,forsection.
9 OmittedbyOrd.37of2001,S.75(w.e.f14082001).
10 Subsection(6)omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
11 ChapterXLIVA(ss.528Ato528D)wasins.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1923(12of1923),s.33.

Page 188 of 319


CHAPTERXLV
OFIRREGULARPROCEEDINGS

529.Irregularitieswhichdonotvitiateproceedings.IfanyMagistratenotempoweredbylawtodo
anyofthefollowingthings,namely:

(a)toissueasearchwarrantunderSection98

(b)toorder,underSection155,thepolicetoinvestigateanoffence

(c)toholdaninquestunderSection176

(d)toissueprocess,underSection186,fortheapprehensionofapersonwithinthelocallimitsofhis
jurisdictionwhohascommittedanoffenceoutsidesuchlimits

(e)totakecognizanceofanoffenceunderSection190.subsection(1),clause(a)orclause(b)

(f)totransferacaseunderSection192

(g)totenderapardonunderSection337orSection338

(h)tosellpropertyunderSection524orSection525or

(i)towithdrawacaseandtryithimselfunderSection528

erroneously in good faith does that thing, his proceedings shall not be set aside merely on the
groundofhisnotbeingsoempowered.

530.Irregularitieswhichvitiateproceedings.IfanyMagistrate,notbeingempoweredbylawinthis
behalf,doesanyofthefollowingthings,namely:

(a)attachesandsellspropertyunderSection88

(b)issuesasearchwarrantforaletter,parcelorotherthinginthePostOffice,oratelegraminthe
TelegraphDepartment

(c)demandssecuritytokeepthepeace

(d)demandssecurityforgoodbehaviour

(e)dischargesapersonlawfullyboundtobeofgoodbehaviour

(f)cancelsabondtokeepthepeace

(g)makesanorderunderSection133astoalocalnuisance

(h)prohibits,underSection143,therepetitionorcontinuanceofapublicnuisance

(i)issuesanorderunderSection144

(j)makesanorderunderChapterXII

Page 189 of 319


(k)takescognizance,underSection190,subsection(1)clause(c),ofanoffence

(l)passesasentence,underSection349,onproceedingsrecordedbyanotherMagistrate

(m)calls,underSection435,forproceedings
1
*******

(o)revises,underSection515,anorderpassedunderSection514

(p)triesanoffender

(q)triesanoffendersummarilyor

(r)decidesanappeal

.(hisproceedingsshallbevoid.)

531. Proceedings in wrong place. No finding, sentence or order of any Criminal Court shall be set
asidemerelyonthegroundthattheinquiry,trialorotherproceedinginthecourseofwhichitwasarrivedat
orpassed,tookplaceinawrongsessionsdivision,district,subdivisionorotherlocalarea,unlessitappears
thatsucherrorhasinfactoccasionedafailureofjustice.

532.[Whenirregularcommitmentsmaybevalidated.]OmittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972
2

(XIIof1972),s.2andSch.

533. Noncompliance with provisions of Section 164 or 364.(1) If any Court, before which a
confessionorotherstatementofanaccusedpersonrecordedorpurportingtoberecordedundersection164
orsection364istenderedorhasbeenreceivedinevidence,findsthatanyoftheprovisionsofeitherofsuch
sectionshavenotbeencompliedwithbytheMagistraterecordingthestatement,itshalltakeevidencethat
such person duly made the statement recorded and, notwithstanding anything contained in the Evidence
Act,1872(Iof1872),Section91,suchstatementshallbeadmittediftheerrorhasnotinjuredtheaccused
astohisdefenceonthemerits.

(2)TheprovisionsofthissectionapplytoCourtsofAppeal,ReferenceandRevision.

3534.[OmmissiontogiveinformationunderSection447.]OmittedbytheCriminalLaw(Extinctionof
DiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act1949(IIof1950),Schedule.

535.Effectofomissiontopreparecharge.(1)Nofindingorsentencepronouncedorpassedshallbe
deemed invalid merely on the ground that no charge was framed, unless, in the opinion of the Court of
appealorrevision,afailureofjusticehasinfactbeenoccasionedthereby.

(2)IftheCourtofappealorrevisionthinksthatafailureofjusticehasbeenoccasionedbyanomission
toframeacharge,itshallorderthatachargebeframed,andthatthetrialberecommencedfromthepoint
immediatelyaftertheframingofthecharge.

536.[Trialbyjuryofoffencetriablewithassessors.]OmittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972
2

(XIIof1972),s.2andSch.

1 Clause(n)omittedbytheFederalLaw(RevisionandDelcaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.
2 Forenforcementofthisamendmentintheprovisions,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,supra.
3 Theoriginals.534wassubs.bytheCriminalLawAmendementAct,1923(12of1923),s.34.

Page 190 of 319


[537. Finding or sentence when reversible by reason of error or omission in charge or other
1

proceedings.Subject to the provisions hereinbefore contained, no finding, sentence or order passed by a


CourtofcompetentjurisdictionshallbereversedoralteredunderChapterXXVIIoronappealofrevision
onaccount

(a)ofanyerror,omissionorirregularityinthecomplaintreportbypoliceofficerunderSection173,
summon,warrant,charge,proclamation,order,judgmentorotherproceedingsbeforeorduring
trialorinanyinquiryorotherproceedingsunderthisCode,or

(b)ofanyerror,omissionorirregularityinthemodeoftrial,includinganymisjoinderofcharges,
unlesssucherror,omissionorirregularityhasinfactoccasionedafailureofjustice.

Explanation. In determining whether any error, omission or irregularity in any proceeding under this
Codehasoccasionedafailureofjustice,theCourtshallhaveregardtothefactwhethertheobjectioncould
andshouldhavebeenraisedatanearlierstageintheproceedings.]

*******
2

538. Attachment not illegal, person making same not trespasser for defect or want of form in
proceedings. No 3[attachment] made under this Code shall be deemed unlawful, nor shall any person
making the same be deemed a trespasser, on account of any defect or want of form in the summons,
conviction,writof3[attachment]orotherproceedingsrelatingthereto.

____________

CHAPTERXLVI

MISCELLANEOUS

539.Courtandpersonsbeforewhomaffidavitsmaybesworn.Affidavitsandaffirmationstobeused
beforeanyHighCourtoranyofficerofsuchCourtmaybeswornandaffirmedbeforesuchCourt 4***or
any Commissioner or other person appointed by such Court for that purpose or any Judge, or any
CommissionerfortakingaffidavitsinanyCourtofRecordin5[Pakistan]6***.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.forsection537,whichhaspreviouslybeenamendedbyvariousenactments.
2 Theillustrationrep.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedrue(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.148.
3 Subs.ibid.,s.149,fordistress.
4 Thewordsorthe[ClerkoftheState]omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,Thewordsincrotchetsweresubs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,forClerkofthe
Crown(w.e.f23.3.1956).
5 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.,(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,which
hadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia.
6 CertainwordsomittedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3and2ndSch.

Page 191 of 319


1[539A. Affidavit in proof of conduct of public servant.(1) When any application is made to any
Court in the course of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, and allegations are made
thereinrespectinganypublicservant,theapplicantmaygiveevidenceofthefactsallegedintheapplication
byaffidavit,andtheCourtmay,ifitthinksfit,orderthatevidencerelatingtosuchfactsbesogiven.

AnaffidavittobeusedbeforeanyCourtotherthanaHighCourtunderthissectionmaybeswornor
affirmedinthemannerprescribedinSection539,orbeforeanyMagistrate.

Affidavitsunderthissectionshallbeconfinedto,andshallstateseparately,suchfactsasthedeponentis
abletoprovefromhisownknowledgeandsuchfactsashehasreasonablegroundstobelievetobetrue,
and,inthelattercase,thedeponentshallclearlystatethegroundsofsuchbelief.

(2) The Court may order any scandalous and irrelevant matter in an affidavit to be struck out or
amended.]

[539B.Localinspection.(1)AnyJudgeorMagistratemayatanystageofanyinquiry,trialorother
2

proceeding,afterduenoticetotheparties,visitandinspectanyplaceinwhichanoffenceisallegedtohave
beencommitted,oranyotherplacewhichitisinhisopinionnecessarytoviewforthepurposeofproperly
appreciating the evidence given at such inquiry or trial, and shall without unnecessary delay record a
memorandumofanyrelevantfactsobservedatsuchinspection.

(2)Suchmemorandumshallformpartoftherecordofthecase.IfthePublicProsecutor,complainantor
accusedsodesires,acopyofthememorandumshallbefurnishedtohimfreeofcost3[.]
4
*******

540.Powertosummonmaterialwitnessorexaminepersonpresent.AnyCourtmay,atanystageof
any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, summon any person as a witness, or examine any
person in attendance, though not summoned as a witness, or recall and reexamine any person already
examined and the Court shall summon and examine or recall and reexamine any such person if his
evidenceappearstoitessentialtothejustdecisionofthecase.

[540A.Provisionforinquiriesandtrialbeingheldintheabsenceofaccusedincertaincases.(1)
5

AtanystageofaninquiryortrialunderthisCode,wheretwoormoreaccusedarebeforetheCourt,ifthe
JudgeorMagistrateissatisfied,forreasonstoberecorded,thatanyoneormoreofsuchaccusedisorare
incapableofremainingbeforetheCourt,hemay,ifsuchaccusedisrepresentedbyapleader,dispensewith
hisattendanceandproceedwithsuchinquiryortrialinhisabsence,andmay,atanysubsequentstageofthe
proceedings,directthepersonalattendanceofsuchaccused.

1 S.539Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.150.
2 S.539Bins.byAct18of1923,s.150.
3 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,forcolon.
4 Provisoomittedibid.
5 Section540Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.151.

Page 192 of 319


(2) if the accused in any such case is not represented by a pleader, or if the Judge or Magistrate
considershispersonalattendancenecessary,hemay,ifhethinksfit,andforreasonstoberecordedbyhim,
eitheradjournsuchinquiryortrial,ororderthatthecaseofsuchaccusedbetakenuportriedseparately.]

541.Powertoappointplaceofimprisonment.(1)Unlesswhenotherwiseprovidedbyanylawforthe
time being in force, the 1[Provincial Government] may direct in what place any person liable to be
imprisonedorcommittedtocustodyunderthisCodeshallbeconfined.

(2)Removaltocriminaljailofaccusedorconvictedpersonswhoareinconfinementinciviljail,
andtheirreturntotheciviljail.Ifanypersonliabletobeimprisonedorcommittedtocustodyunderthis
Codeisinconfinementinaciviljail,theCourtorMagistrateorderingtheimprisonmentorcommittalmay
directthatthepersonberemovedtoacriminaljail.

(3) When a person is removed to a criminal Jail under 2[subsection (2)], he shall, on being released
therefrom,besentbacktotheciviljail,unlesseither

(a) three years have elapsed since he was removed to the criminal jail, in which case he shall be
deemed to have been discharged from the civil jail under Section 3[58 of the Code of Civil
Procedure,1908(ActVof1908),]:or

(b)theCourtwhichorderedhisimprisonmentintheciviljailhascertifiedtotheofficerinchargeof
the criminal jail that he is entitled to be discharged under Section [58 of the Code of Civil
4

Procedure,1908(ActVof1908)].

542. [Power of Presidency Magistrate to order prisoner in jail to be brought up for


examination.]Rep. by the Federal Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act, 1951 (26 of 1951), S. 3 and II
Schedule.

543.InterpretertobeboundtoInterprettruthfully.Whentheservicesofaninterpreterarerequired
byanyCriminalCourtfortheinterpretationofanyevidenceorstatement,heshallbeboundtostatethetrue
interpretationofsuchevidenceorstatement.

544. Expenses of complainants and witnesses. Subject to any rules5 made by the 6[Provincial
Government], 7***anyCriminalCourtmay,ifitthinksfit,orderpayment,onthepartofGovernment,of
the reasonable expenses of any complainant or witness attending for the purposes of any inquiry, trial or
otherproceedingbeforesuchCourtunderthisCode.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
2 Subs.forsubsection(1)bytheRepealingandAmendingact,1924(7of1924),s.2andSch.I.
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for342oftheCodeCivilProcedure.
4 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for341oftheCodeofCivilProcedure.
5 Forrules,seethedifferentlocalRulesandOrders.
6 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
7 ThewordswiththeprevioussanctionoftheG.GinC.rep.bytheDevolutionAct,1920(38of1920),s.2andSch.I.

Page 193 of 319


[544A.Compensationtotheheirsofthepersonkilled,etc.2[(1)Wheneverapersonisconvictedof
1

an offence in the commission whereof the death of, or hurt, injury or mental anguish or psychological
damage,to,anypersoniscaused,ordamagetoorlossordestructionofanypropertyiscaused,theCourt
shall,whenconvictingsuchperson,unlessforreasonstoberecordedinwritingitotherwisedirects,order
thepersonconvictedtopaytotheheirsofthepersonwhosedeathhasbeencaused,ortothepersonhurtor
injured,ortothepersontowhommentalanguishorpsychologicaldamagehasbeencaused,ortotheowner
of the property damaged, lost or destroyed, as the case may be, such compensation as the Court may
determinehavingregardtothecircumstancesofthecase.]

(2)Thecompensationpayableundersubsection(1)shallberecoverableas3[anarrearsoflandrevenue]
andtheCourtmayfurtherorderthat,indefaultofpayment4[orofrecoveryasaforesaid]thepersonordered
to pay such compensation shall suffer imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or if it be a
CourtoftheMagistrateofthethirdclass,foraperiodnotexceedingthirtydays.

(3) The compensation payable under subsection (1) shall be in addition to any sentence which the
Courtmayimposefortheoffenceofwhichthepersondirectedtopaycompensationhasbeenconvicted.

(4)Theprovisionsofsubsections(2B),(2C),(3)and(4)ofSection250shall,asfarasmaybe,applyto
paymentofcompensationunderthissection.]

(5)AnorderunderthissectionmayalsobemadebyanAppellateCourtorbyaCourtwhenexercising
itspowersofrevision.]

545. Power of Court to pay expenses of compensation out of fine.(1) Whenever under any law in
force for the time being a Criminal Court imposes a fine or confirms in appeal, revision or otherwise a
sentenceoffine,orasentenceofwhichfineformsapart,theCourtmay,whenpassingjudgment,orderthe
wholeoranypartofthefinerecoveredtobeapplied

(a)indefrayingexpensesproperlyincurredintheprosecution
5
[(b) in the payment to any person of compensation for any loss 6[injury or mental anguish or
psychologicaldamage]causedbytheoffence,whensubstantialcompensationis,intheopinion
oftheCourt,recoverablebysuchpersoninaCivilCourt]
7
[(c)whenanypersonisconvictedofanyoffencewhichincludestheft,criminalmisappropriation,
criminalbreachoftrust,orcheating,orofhavingdishonestlyreceivedorretained,orofhaving
voluntarily assisted in disposing of, stolen property knowing or having reason to believe the
sametobestolen,incompensatinganybonafidepurchaser,ofsuchpropertyforthelossofthe
sameifsuchpropertyisrestoredtothepossessionofthepersonentitledthereto.]

1 Ins.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1980(6of1980),s.3,forsubsection(1).
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1980(6of1980),s.3,forifitwereafineimposedbytheCourt.
4 Ins.ibid.
5 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.152,fortheoriginalclause(b).
6 Subs.byOrdinance6of1980,s.4,fororinjury.
7 Clause(c)ins.Act18of1923,s.152.

Page 194 of 319


(2)Ifthefineisimposedinacasewhichissubjecttoappeal,nosuchpaymentshallbemadebeforethe
periodallowedforpresentingtheappealhaselapsed,or,ifanappealbepresented,beforethedecisionof
theappeals.

546.Paymentstobetakenintoaccountinsubsequentsuit.Atthetimeofawardingcompensationin
any subsequent civil suit relating to the same matter, the Court shall take into account any sum paid or
recoveredascompensationundersection1[544Aorsection]545.

[546A.Orderofpaymentofcertainfeespaidbycomplainantinnoncognizablecases.Whenever
2

anycomplaintofanoncognizableoffenceismadetoaCourt,theCourt,ifitconvictstheaccused,mayin
additiontothepenaltyimposeduponhim,orderhimtopaytothecomplainant

(a)thefee(ifany)paidonthepetitionofcomplaintorfortheexaminationofthecomplainant,and

(b)anyfeespaidbythecomplainantforservingprocessesonhiswitnessesorontheaccused

andmayfurtherorderthat,indefaultofpayment,theaccusedshallsuffersimpleimprisonmentforaperiod
notexceedingthirtydays.

(2)AnorderunderthissectionmayalsobemadebyanAppellateCourt,orbytheHighCourt,when
exercisingitspowersofrevision.]

547. Moneys ordered to be paid recoverable as fines. Any money (other than a fine) payable by
virtueofanyordermadeunderthisCode,3[andthemethodofrecoveryofwhichisnototherwiseexpressly
providedfor]shallberecoverableasifitwereafine.

548.Copiesofproceedings.IfanypersonaffectedbyajudgmentororderpassedbyaCriminalCourt
desirestohaveacopyof4***anyorderordepositionorotherpartoftherecordheshall,onapplyingfor
suchcopy,befurnishedtherewith:

Providedthathepaysforthesame,unlesstheCourt,forsomespecialreason,thinksfittofurnishitfree
ofcost.

549. Delivery to military authorities of persons liable to be tried by Courtmartial.(1) The


5
[FederalGovernment]maymakerules6

1 Ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 Section546Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.153.
3 In,ibid.,s.154.
4 ThewordstheJudgeschargetothejuryorofomittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.
5 Subs.byF.A.O.,1975,Art2andTableforCentralGovernment(w.e.f.2871975),whichwaspreviouslyamendedbyA.O.,1937forG.G.inC.
6 FortheCriminalProcedure(MilitaryOffenders)Rules,1958,seeGazofP.,1958,Pt.I,pp.463464.

Page 195 of 319


consistentwiththisCodeandthe1[PakistanArmyAct,1952(XXXIXof1952),thePakistanAirForceAct,
1953(VIof1953)andthePakistanNavyOrdinance,1961,](XXXVof1961)and]anysimilarlawforthe
timebeinginforceastothecasesinwhichpersonssubjectto 2[military, 3[,naval]orairforcelaw],shallbe
triedbyaCourttowhichthisCodeapplies,orbyCourtMartial,andwhenanypersonisbroughtbeforea
Magistrateandchargedwithanoffenceforwhichheisliable, 4[tobetriedeitherbyaCourttowhichthis
Code applies or by a Courtmartial], such Magistrate shall have regard to such rules, and shall in proper
cases deliver him, together with a statement of the offence of which he is accused, to the commanding
officeroftheregiment,corps, 3[ship]ordetachment,towhichhebelongs,ortothecommandingofficerof
thenearest 5[military 3[naval] or airforce station, as the case may be], for the purposes of being tried by
Courtmartial.

(2)Apprehensionofsuchpersons.EveryMagistrateshall,onreceivingawrittenapplicationforthat
purpose by the commanding officer of any body of 6[soldiers, sailors or airmen] stationed or employed at
anysuchplace,usehisutmostendeavourstoapprehendandsecureanypersonaccusedofsuchoffence.

550. Powers of police to seize property suspected to be stolen. Any policeofficer may seize any
property which may be alleged or suspected to have been stolen, or which may be found under
circumstanceswhichcreatesuspicionofthecommissionofanyoffence.Suchpoliceofficer,ifsubordinate
totheofficerinchargeofapolicestation,shallforthwithreporttheseizuretothatofficer.

551.Powersofsuperiorofficersofpolice.Policeofficerssuperiorinranktoanofficerinchargeofa
policestation may exercise the same powers, throughout the local area to which they are appointed,
asmaybeexercisedbysuchofficerwithinthelimitsofhisstation.

552.Powerstocompelrestorationofabductedfemales.Uponcomplaintmadetoa 7*** 8[Sessions


Judge]on oath of the abduction or unlawful detention of a woman or of a female child under the age of
9
[sixteen] years, for any unlawful purpose, he may make an order for the immediate restoration of such
womantoherliberty,orofsuchfemalechildtoherhusband,parent,guardianorotherpersonhavingthe
lawful charge of such child, and may compel compliance with such order, using such force as may be
necessary.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Ordinance,1969,(20of1969),s.3forcertainwords(w.e.f.2971969).
2 Subs.byAct10of1927,s.2andSch.I,formilitarylaw.
3 Ins.bytheAmendingAct,1934(35of1934),s.2andSch.
4 Subs.ibid.,Sch.ForundertheArmyAct,section141,orundertheAirForceAct,section41,tobetriedbyaCourtmartial.
5 Subs.byAct10of1927,s.2andSch.I,formilitarystation.
6 Sub.sbyAct35of1934,s.2andSch.,fortroops.
7 ThewordsPresidencyMagistrateoromittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
8 Subs.byord.37of2001,s.76(w.e.f.14082001).
9 Subs.bytheIndianCriminalLawAmendementact,1924(18of1924),s.5,forfourteen.

Page 196 of 319


553.[Compensationtopersonsgroundlesslygiveninchargeinpresidencytown.]Rep.bytheFederal
Laws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(XXVIof1951),S.3andScheduleII.

554. Power of 1* High Courts to make rules for inspection of records of subordinate Courts.
(1) [WiththeprevioussanctionoftheProvincialGovernment,anyHighCourt] 3***may,fromtimeto
2

time,makerulesfortheinspectionoftherecordsofSubordinateCourts.

(2)Powersof4*HighCourtstomakerulesforotherpurposes.EveryHighCourt5***may,from
timetotime,andwiththeprevioussanctionofthe6[ProvincialGovernment],_

(a) make rules for keeping all books, entries and accounts to be kept in all Criminal Courts
subordinate to it, and for the preparation and transmission of any returns or statements to be
preparedandsubmittedbysuchCourts

(b)frame forms for every proceeding in the said Courts for which it thinks that a form should be
provided

(c)makerulesforregulatingitsownpracticeandproceedingsandthepracticeandproceedingsof
allCriminalCourtssubordinatetoitand

(d)makerulesforregulatingtheexecutionofwarrantsissuedunderthisCodeforthelevyoffines:

Providedthattherulesandformsmadeandframedunderthissectionshallnotbeinconsistentwiththis
Codeoranyotherlawinforceforthetimebeing.

(3)Allrulesmadeunderthissectionshallbepublishedinthe7[officialGazette].

555.Forms.Subject to the powers conferred by Section 8[554],andby 9[Articles 202 and 203 of the
Constitution], the forms set forth in the Fifth Schedule, with such variation as the circumstances of each
caserequire,maybeusedfortherespectivepurposesthereinmentioned,andifusedshallbesufficient.

556. Case in which Judge or Magistrate is personally interested. No Judge or Magistrate shall,
exceptwiththepermissionoftheCourttowhichanappealliesfromhisCourt,try10***anycasetoorin
which he is a party, or personally interested, and no Judge or Magistrate shall hear an appeal from any
judgmentororderpassedormadebyhimself.

1 ThewordCharteredomittedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forwiththePrevioussanctionoftheG.G.inC.,theHighCourtatFortWilliam,and,withthepreviousoftheL.G.,anyotherHighCourt.
3 ThewordswithinthemeaningoftheGovernmentofIndiaAct,1935,whichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.,forestablishedbyRoyalCharterhavebeenomittedbytheCentrallaws

(StatuteReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955).
4 ThewordotheromittedbyOrdinance27of1981,s.3and2ndSch.
5 ThewordsnotbeingaHighCourttowhichsubsection(1)applieswhichhadbeensubs.byA.O.,1949,Sch.fornotestablishedbyRoyalcharter"omittedbyOrdinance21of1960,s.3and2nd
Sch.(witheffectfromthe14thOctober,1955).
6 Subs.byA.O.,1937forL.G.
7 SubsbyA.O,1937,forlocalofficialGazette.
8 Subs.bytheAmendingAct,1903(1of1903),for553.
9 Theoriginalwordsandfiguressection15oftheIndiaHighCourtsAct1861havesuccessivelybeensubs.bytheAmendingAct,1916(13of1916),s.2andSch.,A.O.,1937,A.O.,1961,Art.2

andSch.(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956),A.O.,1964,andF.A.O.,1975,Art.2andSch.,toreadasabove.
10 ThewordsorcommitfortrailomittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.

Page 197 of 319


Explanation._ A Judge or Magistrate shall not be deemed a party, or personally interested,
within the meaning of this section, to or in any case by reason only that he is a Municipal
Commissioner or otherwise concerned therein in a public capacity, or by reason only that he has
viewed the place in which an offence is alleged to have been committed, or any other place in
whichanyothertransactionmaterialtothecaseisallegedtohaveoccurred,andmadeaninquiryin
connectionwiththecase.

Illustration

A,asCollector,uponconsiderationofinformationfurnishedtohim,directstheprosecutionof
BforabreachoftheExciseLaws.AisdisqualifiedfromtryingthiscaseasaMagistrate.

557. Practising pleader not to sit as Magistrate in certain Courts. No pleader who
practisesintheCourtofanyMagistratein 1***district,shallsitasaMagistrateinsuchCourtor
inanyCourtwithinthejurisdictionofsuchCourt.

558. Powers to decide language of Courts. The 2[Provincial Government] may determine
what,forthepurposesofthisCode,shallbedeemedtobethelanguageofeachCourtwithinthe
territoriesadministeredbysuchGovernment,otherthan3[theHighCourts].
4[559.ProvisionforpowersofJudgesandMagistratesbeingexercisedbytheirsuccessors
in office.(1) Subject to the other provisions of the Code, the powers and duties of a Judge or
Magistratemaybeexercisedorperformedbyhissuccessorinoffice.

(2)WhenthereisanydoubtastowhoisthesuccessorinofficeofanyMagistrate, 5*** 6[the


SessionJudge]7***shalldeterminebyorderinwritingtheMagistratewhoshall,forthepurposes
ofthisCodeorofanyproceedingsororderthereunder,bedeemedtobethesuccessorinofficeof
suchMagistrate.

(3)WhenthereisanydoubtastowhoisthesuccessorinofficeofanyAdditionalorAssistant
SessionsJudge,theSessionsJudgeshalldeterminebyorderinwritingtheJudgewhoshall,forthe
purposes of this Code or of any proceedings or order thereunder, be deemed to be the
successorinofficeofsuchAdditionalorAssistantSessionsJudge.]

1 ThewordsPresidencytownorrep.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andSch.II.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956)fortheCourtswhichareHighCourtsforthePurposesoftheGovernemntofIndiaAct,1935,whichhadbeensubs.
byA.O.,1937,fortheHighcourtsestablishesbyRoyalCharer.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.155,fortheOriginals.559.
5 ThewordstheChiefPresidencyMagistateinaPresidencytown,andomittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
6Subs.byord.12of1972,s.2.sch.
7 Omitted.byord37of2001,s.77(w.e.f.14082001).

Page 198 of 319


560.Officersconcernedinsalesnottopurchaseorbidforproperty.A public servant having any
dutytoperforminconnectionwiththesaleofanypropertyunderthisCodeshallnotpurchaseorbidforthe
property.

561. [Special provisions with respect to offence of rape by a husband.] Rep. by Offence of Zina
(EnforcementofHadood),Ordinance,1979(VIIof1979),s.20.

[561A. Saving of inherent power of High Court. Nothing in this Code shall be deemed to limit or
1

affecttheinherentpoweroftheHighCourttomakesuchorderasmaybenecessarytogiveeffecttoany
orderunderthisCode,ortopreventabuseoftheprocessofanyCourtorotherwisetosecuretheendsof
justice.]

FirstOffenders

2.3[562. Powers of Court to release certain convicted Offenders on probation of good conduct
insteadofsentencingtopunishment.(1)Whenanypersonnotundertwentyoneyearsofageisconvicted
of an offence punishable with imprisonment for not more than seven years, or when any person under
twentyone years of age or any woman is convicted of an offence not punishable with death or
4
[imprisonment]forlife,andnopreviousconvictionisprovedagainsttheoffender,ifitappearstotheCourt
beforewhichheisconvicted,regardbeinghadtotheage,characterorantecedentsoftheoffender,andto
the circumstances in which the offence was committed, that it is expedient that the offender should be
releasedonprobationofgoodconduct,theCourtmay,insteadofsentencinghimatoncetoanypunishment,
direct that he be released on his entering into a bond, with or without sureties, to appear and receive
sentencewhencalleduponduringsuchperiod(notexceedingthreeyears)astheCourtmaydirect,andin
themeantimetokeepthepeaceandbeofgoodbehaviour:

Providedthat,whereanyfirstoffenderisconvictedbyaMagistrateofthethirdclass,oraMagistrateof
thesecondclassnotspeciallyempoweredbythe5[ProvincialGovernment]inthisbehalf,andtheMagistrate
isofopinionthatthepowersconferredbythissectionshouldbeexercised,heshallrecordhisopinionto
thateffect,andsubmittheproceedingstoaMagistrateofthefirstclass6***forwardingtheaccusedto,or
takingbailforhisappearancebefore,suchMagistrate,whoshalldisposeofthecaseinmannerprovidedby
section380.
1.7[(1A)Convictionandreleasewithadmonition.Inanycaseinwhichapersonisconvictedoftheft,
theftinabuilding,dishonestmisappropriation,cheatingoranyoffenceunderthePakistanPenalCode(XLV
of 1860) punishable with not more than two year's imprisonment and no previous conviction is proved
against him, the Court before whom he is so convicted may, if it thinks fit, having regard to the age,
character,antecedentsorphysicalormentalconditionoftheoffenderandtothetrivialnatureoftheoffence
or any extenuating circumstances under which offence was committed, instead of sentencing him to any
punishment,releasehimafterdueadmonition.]

1 S.561Ains.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act1923(18of1923),s.156.
2 Ss.380,562,563and564havebeenrep.bytheProbationofOffendersOrdinance,1960(45of1960),s.16,onlyinitsapplicationto

(i)theProvincesofWestPakistanwitheffectfromthe1st July,1961
seeGaz.ofP.,1961,Ext.,p.957,and
3 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.157,fortheoriginals.562.
4 Subs.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3and2ndSch.,fortransportation.
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
6 ThewordsorSubdivisionalMagistrateomittedbyOrdinance27of1981,s.3and2ndSch.
7 Subsection(1A)ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(SecondAmdt.)Act,1923(37of1923),s.4.

Page 199 of 319


(2) An order under this section may be made by any Appellate Court or by the High Court
whenexercisingitspowerofrevision.

(3)Whenanorderhasbeenmadeunderthissectioninrespectofanyoffender,theHighCourtmay,on
appealwhenthereisarightofappealtosuchCourt,orwhenexercisingitspowerofrevision,setasidesuch
order,andinlieuthereofpasssentenceonsuchoffenderaccordingtolaw:

Provided that the High Court shall not under this subsection inflict a greater punishment than might
havebeeninflictedbytheCourtwhichtheoffenderwasconvicted.

(4)Theprovisionsofsections122,126Aand406Ashall,sofarasmaybe,applyinthecaseofsureties
offeredinpursuanceoftheprovisionsofthissection.]

563.Provisionincaseofoffenderfailingtoobserveconditionsofhisrecognizance.(1)IftheCourt
1

whichconvictedtheoffender,oraCourtwhichcouldhavedealtwiththeoffenderinrespectofhisoriginal
offence,issatisfiedthattheoffenderhasfailedtoobserveanyoftheconditionedofhisrecognizanceit,may
issueawarrantforhisapprehension.

(2)Anoffender,whenapprehendedonanysuchwarrant,shallbebroughtforthwithbeforetheCourt
issuingthewarrant,andsuchCourtmayeitherremandhimincustodyuntilthecaseisheardoradmithimto
bailwithasufficientsuretyconditionedonhisappearingforsentences.SuchCourtmay,afterhearingthe
case,passsentence

1564. Conditions as to abode of offender.(1) The Court, before directing the release of an offender
undersection562, 2[sub section (1)], shall be satisfied that the offender or his surety (if any) has a fixed
placeofabodeorregularoccupationintheplaceforwhichtheCourtactsorinwhichtheoffenderislikely
toliveduringtheperiodnamedfortheobservanceoftheconditions.

(2) Nothing in this section or in sections 562 and 563 shall affect the provisions of section 31 of the
ReformatorySchoolAct,1897(VIIIof1897).

Previouslyconvictedoffenders

[565. Order for notifying address of previously convicted offender.(1) When any person having
3

beenconvicted__

1 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.157,fortheoriginals.562.
2 Ins.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1924(7of1924),s.2andSch.I.
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.158,fortheOriginals.565.

Page 200 of 319


(a)byaCourtin 1[Pakistan]ofanoffencepunishableunderSection215,Section489A,Section489B,
Section489C,orSection489DofthePakistanPenalCode,(XLVof1860),orofanyoffencepunishable
underChapterXIIorChapterXVIIofthatCode,withimprisonmentofeitherdescriptionforatermofthree
yearsorupwards,or
2
*******

isagainconvictedofanyoffencepunishableunderanyofthosesectionsorChapterswithimprisonment
for a term of three years or upwards by a High Court, Court of Sessions, 3* *, District Magistrate, Sub
divisionalMagistrateorMagistrateofthefirstclass,suchCourtorMagistratemay,ifitorhethinksfit,at
the time of passing sentence of 4* * imprisonment on such person, also order that his residence and any
changeoforchangeoforabsencefromsuchresidenceafterreleasebenotifiedashereinafterprovidedfora
termnotexceedingfiveyearsfromthedateoftheexpirationofsuchsentence.

(2)Ifsuchconvictionissetasideonappealorotherwise,suchordershallbecomevoid.

(3)The 5[ProvincialGovernment]maymakerulestocarryouttheprovisionsofthissectionrelatingto
thenotificationofresidenceorchangeoforabsencefromresidencebyreleasedconvicts.

(4) An order under this section may also be made by an Appellate Court or by the High Court when
exercisingitspowerofrevision.
6
*******

[(5) Any person charged with a breach of any such rule may be tried by a Magistrate of competent
7

jurisdictioninthedistrictinwhichtheplacelastnotifiedbyhimashisplaceofresidenceissituated.]

____________

SCHEDULEI.EnactmentsRepealed.]Rep.bytheRepealingandAmendingAct,1914(Xof1914),
s.3andScheduleII.

Subsection (1) of section 10 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1932, provides that the Provicial
Governmentmay,bynotificationintheofficialGazettedeclarethatanyoffencepunishableundersection
186,188,189,190,228,295A,298,505,506or507ofthePakistanPenalCode,whencommittedinany
area specified in the notification shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal
Procedure, 1898, be cognizable, and thereupon the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, shall, while such
notification remains in force, be deemed to be amended accordingly. Subsection (2) of section 10 ibid
providesthattheProvincialGovernmentmay,inlikemannerandsubjecttothelikeconditions,andwiththe
likeeffect,declarethatanoffencepunishableundersection188orsection506ofthePakistanPenalCode
shallbenonbailable.

1 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14th October,1955),fortheProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation,Whichhad
beensubs.byA.O,1949,Arts.3(2)and4,forBritishIndia."
2 Clause(b)omittedbytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Ordinance,1981(27of1981),s.3andSecondSch.Whichhaspreviouslybeenamendedbyvariousenactments.
3 ThewordsPresidencyMagistrateomittedbyA.O,1949,Sch.
4 ThewordstransportationoromittedbytheLawRefromsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
5 Subs.byA.O.,1937,forL.G..
6 Subsection(5)omittedbytheCriminalLawAmendementAct,1939(22of1939),s.3.
7 Theoriginalsubsection(6)wasrenumberedassubsection(5),ibid.

Page 201 of 319


Inexerciseofthepowersconferredbysection10ibid,videnotificationNo.JudlI3(1)/69,datedMarch
14,1969,theGovernorofWestPakistanhasdeclaredthatanyoffencepunishableundersections186,188,
189, 190, 228, 295A, 298, 505, 506 or 507 of the Pakistan Penal Code committed in any place in West
Pakistan, shall be cognizable. By another notification of even number and date, the Governor of West
Pakistan has declared that an offence punishable under section 188 or section 506 of the Pakistan Penal
Code,committedinanyplaceinWestPakistan,shallbenonbailable.[SeeGaz.ofw.p.,Ext.,1969.421].

1SCHEDULEII
TABULARSTATEMENTOFOFFENCES

EXPLANATORY NOTE.The entries in the second and seventh columns of this schedule, headed
respectively"Offence"and"PunishmentunderthePakistanPenalCode",arenotintendedasdefinitionsof
theoffencesandpunishmentsdescribedintheseveralcorrespondingsectionsofthePakistanPenalCode,or
even as abstracts of those sections, but merely as references to the subject of the section, the number of
whichisgiveninthefirstcolumn.

2******

CHAPTERV. ABETMENT


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Section. Offence. Whether Whethera Whether Whether Punishment Bywhat


thepolice warrantor bailableor compound underthe Court
mayarrest a not. ableornot. Pakistan triable.
without summons PenalCode.
warrantor shall
not. ordinarily
issuein
thefirst
instance.

109 Abetmentof May According According According Thesame The


anyoffence, arrest asa asthe asthe punishment Courtby
iftheact without warrantor offence offence asforthe which
abettedis warrantif summons abettedis abettedis offence the
committedin arrestfor mayissue bailableor compound abetted. offence
consequence, theof fortheof not. ableornot. abetted
andwhereno fence fence istriable.
expressprovi abetted abetted.
sionismade maybe
forits made
punishment without
warrant,
butnot
otherwise.

1 ThisSchedulehasbeenamendedinitsapplicationtotheN.W.F.P.byN.W.F.P.Acts101937and8of1938.
2 ThesecondparagraphoftheEXPLANTORYNOTErep.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.3andSch.II.

Page 202 of 319


110 Abetmentof Mayarrest According According According Thesame Ditto
anyoffence,if without asa asthe asthe punishment
theperson warrantif warrantor offence offence asforthe
abetteddoes arrestfor summons abettedis abettedis offence
theactwitha theof mayissue bailableor compound abetted.
different fence forthe not. ableornot.
intentionfrom abetted offence
thatofthe maybe abetted.
abettor. made
without
warrant,
butnot
otherwise.

111 Abetmentof Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Thesame Ditto


anyoffence, punishment
whenoneactis asforthe
abettedanda offence
differentactis intendedto
donesubject beabetted.
totheproviso.

113 Abetmentof Mayarrest According According According Thesame The


anyoffence, without asa asthe asthe punishment Courtby
whenaneffect warrantif warrantor offence offence asforthe which
iscausedby arrestfor summons abettedis abettedis offence the
theactabetted theof mayissue bailableor compound committed. offence
differentfrom fence forthe not. ableornot. abetted
thatintended abetted offence istriable.
bytheabettor. maybe abetted.
made
without
warrant,
butnot
otherwise.

114 Abetmentof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


anyoffence,if
abettoris
presentwhen
offenceis
committed.

115 Abetmentofan Imprisonment


offence, ofeither
punishablewith description
deathor for7years
1[imprisonment Not andfine.
Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.
forlife],ifthe bailable.
offencebenot
committedin
consequenceof
theabetment.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.1341972).

Page 203 of 319


115 Ifanactwhich May Imprisonment
contd. causesharmbe arrets ofeither
without The
doneinconse According description
warrantif court
quenceofthe asa for14years
arrestfor Accordingas by
abetment. warrant andfine.
the theoffence which
or
offence Not
summons abettedis the
abetted bailable.
mayissue compundable offence
maybe
forthe ornot. abetted
made
offence is
without
abetted.
warrant, triable.
butnot
otherwise.

116 Abetmentofan Ditto.. Ditto.. According Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


offence,punish asthe extendingtoa
ablewithimpri offence quarterpart
sonment,ifthe abettedis ofthelongest
offencebenot bailable term,andof
committedin ornot. any
consequenceof discription,
theabetment. providedfor
theoffence,
orfine,or
both.

Iftheabettoror Imprisonment
thepersonabetted extendingto
beapublicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. halfofthe Ditto.
whosedutyitisto longest
preventthe term,andof
offence. anydes
cription,
providedfor
theoffence,
orfine,or
both.

117 Abettingthe Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


commissionofan ofeither
offencebythe description
public,orbymore for3years,
thantenpersons. orfine,or
both.

118 Concealingade Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


signtocommitan bailable ofeither
offencepunishable description
withdeathor for7years
1[imprisonmentfor andfine.
life]iftheoffence
becommitted.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f130472).
2 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Admt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.

Page 204 of 319


Iftheoffencebe Ditto.. Ditto.. 1[Bailable] Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.
notcommitted. ofeither
description
for3years
andfine.

119 Apublicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. According Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


concealinga asthe extendingto
designtocommit offence halfofthe
anoffencewhich abettedis longestterm,
itishisdutyto bailableor andofany
prevent,ifthe not. description,
offencebe providedfor
committed. theoffence,
orfine,or
both.

Iftheoffencebe Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


punishablewith Bailable ofeither
deathor description
2[imprisonmentfor for10years.
life].

119 Iftheoffencebe May According 1[Bailable] According Imprisonment The


contd. notcommitted. arrest asa asthe extendingtoa Court
without warrant offence quarterpart by
warrantif or abettedis ofthelongest which
arrestfor summons compound term,andof the
theof mayissue ableornot. any offence
fence forthe description, abetted
abetted offence providedfor is
maybe abetted. theoffence, triable.
made orfine,or
without both.
warrant,
butnot
otherwise.

120 Concealingade Ditto.. Ditto.. 3[According Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


signtocommitan astheof extendingtoa
offencepunishable fencecon quarterpart
withim cealedis ofthelongest
prisonment,ifthe bailableor term,andof
offencebe not.] any
committed. description,
providedfor
theoffence,
orfine,or
both.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Admt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.
2 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f130472).
3 Subs.byAct18of1923,s.159,fortheoriginalentry.

Page 205 of 319


Iftheoffence Ditto.. Ditto.. 1[Bailable] Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.
benot extendingto
committed. oneeighth
partofthe
longestterm,
andofthe
description,
providedfor
theoffence,
orfine,or
both.

2 [CHAPTERVA.CRIMINALCONPIRACY]

120B Criminal May According According Notcom Thesame Courtof


conspiracyto arrest asa asthe poundable. punishment Session
commitan without warrant offence asthat whenthe
offencepun warrantif or whichis providedfor offence
ishablewith arrestfor summons theobject theabetment whichis
death,3*or theof mayissue ofthe ofthe theobject
rigorousimpri fence forthe conspiracy offence ofthe
sonmentfora whichis offence isbailable whichisthe conspiracy
termoftwo theobject whichis ornot. objectofthe istriable
yearsorup ofthe theobject conspiracy. exclusively
con ofthe bysuch
wards.
spiracy cons Court:in
maybe piracy. thecaseof
made allother
without offences
warrant, Courtof
butnot Session,
otherwise. 4**or

Magistrate

ofthefirst
class.

Anyother Shallnot Summons Bailable.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 5 [***


criminal arrest ofeither Magistrate
conspiracy. withouta description ofthefirst
warrant. forsix class.]
monthsor
fine,orboth.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Admt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.
2 Ins.byAct8of1913,s.6andSch.
3 Theword"transportation"omittedbytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.(w.e.f.1341972).
4 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedibid.

Page 206 of 319


CHAPTERVI. OFFENCESAGAINSTTHESTATE

121 Wagingor Shallnot Warrant Not Notcom Death,or Courtof


attemptingto arrest bailable. poundable. 2[imprisonmentfor Session.
wagewar,or without life]and3[fine]
abettingthe warrant.
wagingofwar,
against
1[Pakistan.]

121A Conspiringto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 2[Imprisonmentfor Ditto.


commitcertain life]oranyshorter
offencesagainst term,orim
theState. prisonmentofeither
descriptionfor10
years4[andfine].

122 Collectingarms, Ditto. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 2[Imprisonmentfor Ditto.


etc.,withthein life],or
tentionofwag imprisonmentof
ingwaragainst eitherdescription
1[Pakistan.] for10yearsand
3[fine].

123 Concealingwith Shallnot Warrant.. Not Not Imprisonmentof Courtof


intenttofacili arrest bailable. compoundable. eitherdescription Session.
tateadesignto without for10years,and
wagewar. warrant. fine.

5[123A Condemnation Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Rigorous Ditto.]


oftheStateand imprisonmentfor
advocacyof 10years,andfine.
abolitionofits
sovereignty.

6[123B Defilingor May Ditto Ditto Ditto.. Imprisonment Magistrateof


unauthorisedly arrest .. .. ofeitherdescription firstclass].
removingthe without for 8 years or fine,
NationalFlagof warrant. orboth.
Pakistanfrom
Government
building,etc.

124 Assaulting 8[Shall Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof Ditto.


7[President],or notarrest eitherdescription
Governor,etc., without for7years,and
withintentto warrant.] fine.
compelor
restrainthe
exerciseofany
lawfulpower.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.for"theQueen".(w.e.f.2331956).
2 Subs.byAct25of1974,s.2andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.1341972).
3 Subs.for"forfeitureofproperty"byAct18of1923,s.159.
4 Ins.ibid.
5 Thisitemwasins.bytheFederalLaws(RevisionandDeclaration)Act,1951(26of1951),s.4andSch.III.
6 Ins.bytheCriminalLaw(SecondAmendment)Ordinance,1984(43of1984),s.3.
7 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2,for"GovernorGeneral"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
8 Subs.byOrdinance43of1984,s.3.

Page 207 of 319


124A Sedition Shallnot Warrant Notbailable Not 1[Imprisonmentfor 2[CourtofSession,or
.. arrestwith compoundable. life]orforanyterm Magistrateofthefirstclass
out andfine,or speciallyempoweredbythe
warrant. imprisonmentofeither 3[ProvincialGovernment]in
descriptionfor3years thatbehalfonthe
andfine,orfine. recommendationofthe
High
Court..

125 Wagingwaragainst Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 1[Imprisonmentfor CourtofSession


anyAsiaticPowerin life]andfine,or
allianceoratpeace imprisonmentofeither
with 4[Pakistan],or descriptionfor7years
abettingthewaging andfine,orfine.
ofsuch
war.

126 Committing Ditto Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


depredation on the .. .. of either description
territories of any for 7 years and fine,
Power in alliance or and forfeiture of
at peace with certainproperty.
4[Pakistan].

127 Receiving pro Ditto Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


pertytakenbywaror .. ..
depredation
mentioned in sections
125and126.

128 Publicservant Ditto Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. 1[Imprisonmentfor Ditto..


voluntarilyallowing .. .. life],orimprisonment
prisonerofStateor ofeitherdescription
warinhiscustodyto for10years,andfine.
escape.

129 Public servant Ditto Ditto Bailable Ditto.. Simple 5***Magistrateofthe


negligently suffering .. .. imprisonment for 3 firstclass.
prisoner of State or yearsandfine.
war in his custody to
escape.

130 Aiding escape Shall warrent.. Notbailable. Not 1[Imprisonment CourtofSession.


of, rescuing or har not arrest compoundable for life], or
bouring, such without imprisonmentofeither
prisoner, or offering warrent.. description for 10
any resistance to the years,andfine.
rec apture of such
prisoner.

CHAPTERVII. OFFENCESRELATINGTOTHEARMYANDNAVY

131 Abettingmutiny,or Mayarrest Warrant Notbailable Notcom 1[Imprisonmentfor CourtofSession.


attemptingtoseduce without poundable. life],orimprisonment
anofficer,soldier, warrant. ofeitherdescription
6[sailororairman] for10years,andfine.
fromhisallegianceor
duty.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s2.andSch.,for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.13472).
2 Subs.byOrd.12of1972,s.2andSch.
3 Subs.byA.O.,1937,for"L.G.".
4 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.for"theQueen".(w.e.f.2331956).
5 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
6 Subs.byRepealingandAmendingAct,1927(10of1927),s.2andSch.,I,for"orsailor.".

Page 208 of 319


132 Abetmentofmutiny,if May Warrant Notbailable Notcom Death,or CourtofSession.
mutinyiscommittedin arrest poundable. 1[imprisonmentfor
consequence without life]or
thereof. warrant. imprisonmentof
eitherdescription
for10years,and
fine.

133 Abetmentofanassaultby Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3***Magistrate

anofficer,soldier,2[Sailor .. ofeitherdescription offirstclass.


orairman]onhissuperior for 3 years, and
officer,whenintheex fine.
ecutionofhisoffice.

134 Abetmentofsuchassault, Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof CourtofSession.


iftheassaultiscommitted. .. eitherdescription
for7years,and
fine.

135 Abetmentofthedesertion Ditto Ditto.. Bailable Ditto.. Imprisonment 4***Magistrateofthe


of an officer, soldier, .. ofeitherdescription firstorsecondclass.
2[sailororairman]. for2years,orfine,
orboth.

136 Harbouring such an Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.


officer, soldier 2[sailor or ..
airmanwhohasdeserted.

137 Deserterconcealedon Shall Summons.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fineof5[1500] Ditto.


boardmerchantvessel, not rupees
throughnegligenceof arrest
masterorpersonin without
chargethereof. warrant.

138 Abetmentofactof May warrant Ditto Ditto Imprisonment Ditto.


insubordinationbyanoffi arrest .. .. ofeitherdescription
cer,soldier,2[sailoror without for 6 months, or
airman]iftheoffencebe warrant. fine,orboth.
committedincon
sequence.

140 Wearingthedressor Ditto Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof AnyMagistrate.


carryinganytokenused .. eitherdescription
byasoldier,2[sailoror for3months,or
airman]withintentthatit fineof5[1500]
maybebelievedthatheis rupees,orboth.
suchasoldier,2[sailoror
airman].

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.1341972).
2 Subs.byRepealingandAmendingAct,1927(10of1927),s.2andSch.,I,for"orsailor."
3 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,
supra.
4 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof2002,s.3andSch.II.

Page 209 of 319


CHAPTERVIII.OFFENCESAGAINSTTHEPUBLICTRANQUILLITY

143 Beingmemberof Mayarrest Summons.. Bailable.. Not Imprisonment AnyMagistrate.


anunlawfulas without compoundable. ofeither
sembly. warrant. description
for6months,
orfine,or
both.

144 Joininganun Ditto.. Warrant Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


lawfulassembly ofeither
armedwithany description
deadlyweapon. for2years,
orfine,or
both.

145 Joiningorcon Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


tinuinginan
unlawfulassembly,
knowingthatit
hasbeen
commandedto
disperse.

1[147 Rioting Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. "Accordingas Ditto.. Ditto..


theoffenceis
committedwith
another
compoundable
offenceornot.

148 Riotingarmed Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Impriosment Magistrateof


withdeadly ofeither thefirstclass.]
weapon. desriptionfor
3years,or
fineorboth.

149 Ifanoffencebe According According According Ditto.. Thesameas TheCourtby


committedbyany asarrest asawarrant asthe forthe whichthe
memberofan maybe or offenceis offence offenceis
unlawfulassembly, made summonmay bailableor triable.
everyother without issueforthe not.
memberofsuch warrantfor offence
assemblyshallbe theoffence
guiltyofthe ornot.
offence.

150 Hiring,engaging Mayarrest Accordingto Ditto.. Ditto.. Thesameas Ditto..


oremploying without theoffence foramember
personstotake warrant. committed ofsuch
partinanunlawful bythe assembly,
assembly. personhired, andforany
engagedor offencecom
employed mittedbyany
memberof
such
assembly

1 Subs.byActVIof04,s.3.

Page 210 of 319


151 Knowingly Mayarrest Summons Bailable Ditto.. Imprisonment AnyMagistrate.
joiningor without ofeither
continuingin warrant.
description
anyassembly
for6months,
offiveormore
personsafterit orfine,or
hasbeen both.
commandedto
disperse.

152 Assaultingor Ditto.. Warrant Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 1***


obstructing ofeither Magistrateof
publicservant description thefirstclass.
when
for3years,
suppressing
riot,etc.
orfine,or
both.

153 Wantonly May Warrrant Bailable Not Imprisonment Any


giving arrest compoundable. ofeither Magistrate.
provocation without description
withintent warrant for1year,or
tocauseriot, fine,orboth.
ifriotingbe
committed.

Ifnot Ditto.. Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


committed .. ofeither
description
for6months,
orfine,or
both.

153A 2[Promoting 3[May Warrant Not Ditto.. 4[Imprisonment 5***

enmity arrest bailable. ofeither Magistrateof


between without descriptionfor thefirstclass.
groups]. warrant]. 5years,orfine]

154 Owneror 6[Shallnot Summons Bailable Ditto.. Fineof7[3,000] 5***


occupierof arrest rupees. Magistrateof
landnotgiving without thefirstor
informationof warrant]. secondclass.
riot,etc.

1 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,supra.
2 Subs.bytheCriminalLaw(Amdt.)Act,1973(6of1973),s.3,for"Promotingenmitybetweenclasses"(w.e.f.31173).
3 Subs.ibid.,for"Shallnotarrestwithoutwarrant".
4 Subs.ibid.,for"Imprisonmentofeitherdescriptionfor2years,orfine,orboth".
5 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
6 Subs.byAct6of1973,s.3,for"Ditto"(w.e.f.31173).
7 Subs.byord.LXXXVIof02,sec.3(Sch.II).

Page 211 of 319


155 Personfor 1[Shall Summons Bailable Not Fine 2***
whose not compoundable. Magistrateof
benefitoron arrest firstclassor
whosebehalf without secondclass.
ariottakes warrant]
placenot
usingall
lawfulmeans
topreventit.

156 Agentof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 2***Ditto..


owneror
occupierfor
whose
benefitariot
iscommitted
notusingall
lawfulmeans
topreventit.

157 Harbouring May Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


personshired arrest ofeither
foran without Description
unlawful warrant for6months,
assembly. orfine,or
both.

158 Beinghired Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


totakepart
inan
unlawful
assemblyor
riot.

3* Ortogo Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


armed. ofeither
description
for2years,
orfine,or
both.

160 Committing Shallnot Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof AnyMagistrate.


affray. arrest either
without descriptionfor
warrant. onemonth,or
fineof4[300]
rupees,orboth.

1 Subs.byAct6of1973,s.3,for"Ditto"(w.e.f.31173).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Thefigures"159"rep.bytheRepealingandamendingAct,1925(37of1925),s.3andSch.II.
4 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(Sch.II).

Page 212 of 319


CHAPTFRIX. OFFENCESBYORRELATINGTOPUBLICSERVANTS

161 Beingorexpectingtobe Shall Summons.. Bailable Not Imprisonmentof 1**


apublicservant,and not .. compoundable. either Magistrateof
takingagratification arrest descriptionfor3 thefirstclass.
otherthanlegalre without years,orfine,
munerationinrespectof warrant. orboth.
anofficial
act.

162 Takingagratificationin Shall Summons Bailable Not Imprisonmentof 1***


orderbycorruptor not .. .. compoundable. either Magistrateof
illegalmeanstoinfluence arrest descriptionfor3 thefirstclass
apublicservant. without years,orfine,or
warrant. both.

163 Takingagratificationfor Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 2***


theexerciseofpersonal imprisonment Magistrateof
influencewithapublic for1year,or thefirstclass.
servant. fine,orboth.

164 Abetmentbypublic Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***or


servantofthe .. ofeither Magistrate
offencesdefinedin description ofthefirst
thelasttwopreced for3years, class
ingclauseswith orfine,or
referencetohimself. both.

165 Publicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto Ditto.. 3[Ditto] 4[Ditto]


obtainingany ..
valuablething,
withoutconsi
derationfroma
personconcernedin
anyproceedingor
businesstransacted
bysuchpublic
servant.

5[165A Abetmentof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


offencesundersec ..
tions161and165.

166 Publicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Ditto..


Disobeyinga imprisonmentfor
directionof
1year,orfine,
thelawwith
orwithboth.
intentto
causeinjury
toany
person.

1 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,supra.
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
3 Subs.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1953(37of1953),s.3(i)for"Simpleimprisonmentfor2years,orfineorboth".
4 Subs.ibid.,for"***Magistrateofthefirstandsecondclass".Theasterisksdenotetheomissionof"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"byA.O.,1949,Sch.
5 Item165A,ins.byAct37of1953,s.3(ii).

Page 213 of 319


1[166(2) Public Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto]
servantfails ofeither
tocarryout description
the forthree
investigation years,orfine,
properlyor orboth.
diligentlyor
failsto
pursuethe
case,andin
breachof
hisduties.

167 Publicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof 2***


framingan either Magistrate
incorrect descriptionfor3 ofthefirst
documentwith years,orfine,or class.
intenttocause both.
injury.

168 Publicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 3***


unlawfully imprisonment Magistrate
engagingin for1year,or ofthefirst
trade. fine,orboth. class.

169 Publicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 3***


unlawfully imprisonment Magistrate
buyingor for2yearsor ofthefirst
biddingfor fine,or class.
property. both,and
confiscationof
property,if
purchased.

170 Personatinga May Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof Any


publicservant. arrest either Magistrate.
without descriptionfor2
warrant. years,orfine,or
both.

171 Wearinggarb Ditto.. Summons.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof Ditto..


orcarrying either
tokenusedby descriptionfor
publicservant 3months,or
withfraudulent fineof4[600]
intent. rupees,orboth.

5[CHAPTERIXA.OFFENCESRELATINGTOELECTION]

171E Bribery Shall Summons.. Bailable.. Not Imprisonmentof 3***

not compoundable. either Magistrate


descriptionfor ofthefirst
arrest
oneyear,or class.
without
fine,orbothor
warrant. iftreatingonly,
fineonly.

1 Ins.byActXLIVof2016,s.15.
2 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,supra.
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
4 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(SchII).
5 Ins.bytheIndianElectionOffencesandInquiriesAct,1920(39of1920),s.3.

Page 214 of 319


1171F Undueinfluence Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..
andpersonationat ofeither
anelection. descriptionfor
oneyear,or
fine,orboth.

171G Falsestatementin Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fine.... Ditto..


connectionwith
anelection.

171H Illegalpayments Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fineof Ditto..


inconnectionwith 2[1500]rupees
elections.

171I Failuretokeep Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


electionaccounts.

3[171J] Inducingand May Warrant. Not Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


personnotto arrest bailable. ofeither Sessionor
participateinany without descriptionfor Magistrate
electionor warrant. threeyears,or offirst
referendum,etc fineoffivelac class.]
rupees,or
both.

CHAPTERX. CONTEMPTSOFTHELAWFULAUTHORITYOFPUBLICSERVANTS

172 Abscondingto Shall Summons Bailable.. Not Simple Any


avoidserviceof not .. compoundable. imprisonment Magistrate.
summonsorother arrest for1month,
proceedingfroma without orfineof
publicservant. warrant. 2[1500]

rupees,or
both.

Ifsummons Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Ditto..


ornotice imprisonment
requireattendance for6months,
inperson,etc.,in orfineof
aCourtofJustice. 2[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

1 ThisitemhasbeenamendedinitsapplicationtotheN.W.F.P.bytheCriminalProcedure(ElectionOffences)(N.W.F.P.Amdt.)Act,1938(N.W.F.P.Act8of1938).
2 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(Sch.II).
3 Ins.byCriminalLaw(ThirdAmendment)Ordinance,1984(54of1984),s.3.

Page 215 of 319


173 Preventingthe Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 2***
serviceorthe imprisonment Magistrate
affixingofany for1month, ofthefirst
summonsor orfineof orsecond
notice,or 1[1500] class.
theremovalofit rupees,or
whenithasbeen both.
affixed,orpre
ventingapro
clamation.

Ifsummons, Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Ditto..


etc.,require imprisonment
attendancein for6months,
person,etc.,ina orfineof
CourtofJustice. 1[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

174 Notobeyinga Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Any


legalorder imprisonment Magistrate.
toattendata for 1 month,
certainplacein or fine of
personorby 1[1500]
agent,or rupees, or
departing both.
therefrom
without
authority.

Iftheorderre Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Any


imprisonment Magistrate.
quirepersonal for6months,
orfineof
attendance,etc.,
1[3,000]
inaCourtof rupees,or
both.
Justice.

3[Ifitbe Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto]


proclamation forthree
issuedunder years.
section87of
thisCode.

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(Sch.II).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
3 Ins.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,supra.

Page 216 of 319


175 Intentionally Shall Summons Bailable Not Simple TheCourtin
omittingto not compoundable. imprisonment whichthe
producea arrest for1month, offenceis
documenttoa without orfineof committed,
publicservantby warrant. 1[1500] subjectto
apersonlegally rupees,or the
boundtoproduce both. provisionsf
ordeliversuch Chapter
document. XXXVor,if
not
committedin
aourt,a

2***

Magistraeof
thefirstor
secondclass.

Ifthedocument Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Ditto..


isrequiredtobe imprisonment
producedinor for6months,
deliveredtoa orfineof
CourtofJustice. 1[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

176 Intentionally Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 2***


omitting to give imprisonment Magistrate
notice or for1month, ofthefirst
information to a orfineof orsecond
public servant by 1[1500] class.
a person legally rupees,or
bound to give both.
such notice or
information.

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(Sch.II).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.

Page 217 of 319


Ifthenoticeor Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 2***Magistrateofthe
informationrequired imprisonment firstorsecondclass.
respectsthecomission for6months,
ofanoffence, orfineof
etc. 1[3,000]

rupees,or

both.

3[Ifthenoticeor Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


informationisrequired ofeither
byanorderpassed description
undersubsection(1)of for6months,
section565ofthis orfineof
Code. 1[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

177 Knowinglyfurnishing Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


falseinformationtoa
publicservant.

Iftheinformation Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


requiredrespectsthe ofeither
commissionofan description
offence,etc. for2years,
orfine,or
both.

178 Refusingoathwhen Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto Ditto.. Simple The Court in which
dulyrequiredtotake .. imprisonment the offence is committed,
oathbyapublic for6months, subject to the provisions of
servant. or fine of Chapter XXXV or, if not
1[3,000] committed in a Court, a 2*
rupees, or **Magistrateofthefirstof
both. secondclass.

179 Beinglegallyboundto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto Ditto.. Ditto.. TheCourtinwhichthe


statetruth,andrefusing .. offenceiscommitted,
toanswerquestions. subjecttotheprovisionsof
ChapterXXXVor,ifnot
committedinaCourt,a2*
**Magistrateofthefirstor
second
class.

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(Sch.II).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
3 Ins.bytheCriminalLaw(Amdt.)Act,1939(22of1939),s.4.

Page 218 of 319


180 Refusing to Shall Summons Bailable Not Simple TheCourtin
sign not .. .. compoundable. imprisonment whichthe
a statement arrest for3months, offenceis
made to a without orfineof committed,
public warrant 1[1500] subjecttothe
servantwhen rupees,or provisionsof
legally both. Chapter
required to XXXVor,if
doso. notcommitted
inaCourt,a2*
**Magistrate
ofthefirstor
secondclass.

181 Knowingly Ditto.. Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***or


statingtoa ofeither Magistrateof
public description thefirstclass
servanton for3years, orsecond
oathastrue andfine. class.
thatwhichis
false.

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(Sch.II).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.

Page 219 of 319


182 Giving false Ditto.. Summons.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 1[CourtofSessions
information to a wihch
public servant in may1[extend
ordertocausehim to__
to use his lawful
power to the (a)seven
injury or an yearsincase
noyance of any theoffencein
person. whichfalse
informationis
givenis
punishable
withdeath.

(b)fiveyears CourtofSessions
incasethe
offencein
whichfalse
informationis
givenis
punisablewith
imprisonment
forlifeor

(c)onefourth Magistrateofthefirst
ofthelongest class]
termof
imprisonment
orwithfineas
itprovidedfor
theoffencein
whichfalse
informationis
givenandsuch
offenceisnot
coveredunder
clause(a)or
clause(b).]

183 Resistancetothe Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2**


takingofproperty ofeither
bythelawful descriptionfor *Magistrateofthe
authorityofa 6months,or firstorsecondclass.
publicservant. fineof
1[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

184 Obstructingsale Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


ofproperty ofeither
offeredforsaleby descriptionfor
authorityof 1month,or
apublicservant. fineof2[1500]
rupees,or
both.

1 Subs.byActNo.IVof2017,s.4(1).
2 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(Sch.II).

Page 220 of 319


185 Bidding,bya Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***Magistrate
personunder ofeither ofthefirstor
alegalin description secondclass.
capacityto for1month,
purchaseit,for orfineof
propertyata 1[600]
lawfullyau rupees,or
thorizedsale, both.
orbidding
without
intendingto
performthe
obligations
incurred
thereby.

186 Obstructing Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


publicservant ofeither
indischargeof description
hispublic for1[one
functions. year],orfine
of1[50,000]
rupees,or
both.

1[186(2) Public Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto]


servant fails to of either
carry out the description
investigation for three
properlyetc years,orfine,
orboth.

187 Omissionto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Ditto..


assistpublic imprisonment
servantwhen for1month,
boundbylaw orfineof
togivesuch 2[600]
assistance. rupees,or
both.

Wilfully Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple Ditto..


neglectingto imprisonment
aidapublic for6months,
servantwho orfineof
demandsaidin 2[1500]
theexecution rupees,or
ofprocess,the both.
prevention
ofoffences,
etc.

1 Subs,Ins.byActXLIVof2016,s.15.
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.

Page 221 of 319


188 Disobediencetoanorder Shall Summons Bailable Not Simple 2***
lawfullypromulgatedbya not .. .. compoundable. imprisonment Magistrate
publicservant,ifsuch arrest for1month, ofthefirst
disobediencecauses without orfineof orsecond
obstruction,annoyanceor warrant. 1[600] class.
injurytopersonslawfully rupees,or
employed. both.

Ifsuchdisobediencecauses Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


dangertohumanlife,health ofeither
orsafety,etc. description
for6months,
orfineof
1[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

189 Threateningapublicservant Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


withinjurytohim,oronein ofeither
whomheisinterested,toin description
ducehimtodoorforbearto for2years,
doanyofficialact. orfine,or
both.

190 Threateninganypersonto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


inducehimtorefrainfrom ofeither
makingalegalapplicationfor description
protectionforminjury. for1year,or
fine,orboth.

CHAPTER.XIFALSEEVIDENCEANDOFFENCESAGAINSTPUBLICJUSTICE

193 Givingorfabricatingfalse Shall Warrant Bailable Not Imprisonment Courtof


evidenceinajudicial not .. .. compoundable. ofeither Session,3*
proceeding. arrest description **or
without for7years, Magistrate
warrant. andfine. ofthefirst
class.

Givingorfabricatingfalse Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 4[Magistrate


evidenceinanyothercase. ofeither offirst
description class]
for3years,
andfine.

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,section3(Sch.II).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omitted,ibid.
4 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,supra.

Page 222 of 319


194 Givingor Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Ditto.. 1[Imprisonmentfor Courtof
fabricating bailable. life,]orrigorous Session.
falseevidence imprisonmentfor
withintentto 10years,andfine.
causeany
persontobe
convictedofa
capitaloffence

Ifinnocentper Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Death,oras Ditto..


above.
sonbethereby

convictedand

executed.

195 Givingor Ditto.. Ditto.. 2[Not Ditto.. Thesameasfor Ditto..


fabricatingfalse theoffence.
bailable.]
evidencewithin
tenttoprocure
convictionofan
offencepunishable
with
1[imprisonmentfor

life]orwithim
prisonmentfor7
yearsorupwards.

196 Usingina Shall Warrant According Not Thesameasfor Courtof


judicial not .. asthe compoundable. givingor Session,3*
proceeding arrest offence. fabricatingfalse *or
evidence without Ofgiving evidence. Magistrate
knowntobe warrant. such ofthefirst
false evidence class.
orfabricated. isbailable
ornot.

197 Knowingly Ditto.. Ditto.. Bailable.. Ditto.. Thesameasfor Ditto..


issuingor givingfalse
signingafalse evidence.
certificate
relatingtoany
factofwhich
suchcertificate
isbylawad
missiblein
evidence.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"Transportationforlife"(w.e.f.1341972).
2 Subs.bytheAmendingAct,1903(1of1903),s.3andSch.II,PartII,for"Bailable".
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omitted,ibid.

Page 223 of 319


198 Usingasatrue Shall Warrant Bailable. Not Thesameas Courtof
certificateone not .. compoundable. forgiving Session,1*
knowntobefalse arrest false *or
inamaterialpoint. without evidence. Magistrate
warrant. ofthefirst
class.

199 Falsestatement Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.


madeinany
declarationwhich
isbylaw
receivableas
evidence.

200 Usingastrueany Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.


suchdeclaration
knowntobefalse.

201 Causing Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


disappearanceof ofeither Session.
evidenceofan description
offence for7
committed,or years,and
givingfalse fine.
information
touchingitto
screenthe
offender,ifa
capitaloffence

Ifpunishablewith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3*


2[imprisonmentfor ofeither *Magistrate
life] description ofthefirst
orimprisonment for3years class.
for10years. andfine.

Ifpunishablewith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 4***


lessthan10year's foraquarter Magistrate
imprisonment. ofthelongest ofthefirst
term,andof class,or
the Courtby
description whichthe
providedfor offenceis
theoffence triable.
orfine,or
both.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omitted,ibid.
2 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"Transportationforlife"(w.e.f.1341972).
3 Thewords"CourtofSession"or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvinces,seepara2offootnote3
onp.40,supra.
4 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.

Page 224 of 319


202 Intentional Shall Summons.. Bailable.. Not Imprisonment 1***
omissionto not compoundable. ofeither Magistrate
give arrest description ofthefirst
informationof without for6months, orsecond
anoffencebya warrant. orfine,or class.
personlegally both.
boundtoin
form.

203 Givingfalse Ditto.. Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


information ofeither
respectingan description
offence for2years,
committed. orfine,or
both.

204 Secretingor Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***


destroyingany ofeither Magistrate
documentto description ofthefirst
preventits for2years, class.
productionas orfine,or
evidence. both.

205 False Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***


personationfor ofeither Magistrate
thepurposeof description ofthefirst
anyactor for3years, class.
proceedingina orfine,or
suitorcrimi both.
nalprosecution,
orforbecoming
bailorsecurity.

206 Fraudulent Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 1***


removalor ofeither Magistrate
concealment, description ofthefirst
etc.,ofproperty for2years, orsecond
topreventits orfine,or class.
seizureasa both.
forfeiture,orin
satisfactionofa
fineunder
sentenceorin
executionofa
decree.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".

Page 225 of 319


207 Claimingproperty Shall Warrant.. Bailable.. Not Imprisonment 1 ***
withoutright,or not compoundable. ofeither Magistrate
practicingdeception arrest description ofthefirst
touchinganyrighttoit, without for2years, orsecond
topreventitsbeing warrant. orfine,or class.
takenasaforfeiture,or both.
insatisfactionofafine
undersentence,orin
executionofadecree.

208 Fraudulentlysuffering Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 2***


adecreetopassfora Magistrate
sumnotdue,or ofthefirst
sufferingdecreetobe class.
executedafterithas
beensatisfied.

209 FalseclaiminaCourt Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


ofJustice. ofeither
description
for2years,
andfine.

210 Fraudulentlyobtaining Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


adecreeforasumnot ofeither
dueorcausingadecree description
tobeexecutedafterit for2years,
hasbeensatisfied. orfine,or
both.

211 Falsechargeofoffence Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


madewithintentto
injure.

Ifoffencechargedbe Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


punishablewith ofeither Session,2*
imprisonmentfor7 description **or
yearsorupwards. for7years, Magistrate
andfine. ofthefirst
class.

211 Ifoffencechargedbe Shall Warrant Bailable.. Not Imprisonment Courtof


contd capital,orpunishable not .. compoundable. ofeither Session.
with arrest description
3[imprisonmentoflife]. without for7years,
warrant. andfine.

212 Harbouringan May Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


offender,iftheoffence arrest ofeither Session,4*
becapital. without description *or
warrant. for5years, Magistrate
andfine. ofthefirst
class.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omittedibid.
3 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"Transportationforlife"(w.e.f.1341972).
4 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.

Page 226 of 319


Ifpunishablewith May Warrant Bailable Not Imprisonment 2[Magistrate
1[imprisonmentfor arrest .. .. compoundable. ofeither ofthefirst
life],orwith without descriptionfor class]
imprisonmentfor warrant. 3years,and
10years. fine.

Ifpunishablewith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3***


imprisonmentfor foraquarter Magistrateof
1yearandnotfor ofthelongest thefirst
10years. term,andof class,or
the Courtby
description, whichthe
providedfor offenceis
theoffence,or triable.
fine,orboth.

213 Takinggift,etc,to 4[May Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


screenan arrest ofeither Session.
offencefrom without descriptionfor
punishment,ifthe warrant] 7years,and
offencebecapital. fine.

Ifpunishablewith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 5*


1[imprisonmentfor ofeither *Magistrate
life]orwith descriptionfor ofhefirst
imprisonmentfor 3years,and class.
10years. fine.

Ifwith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3 ***


imprisonmentfor foraquarter Magistrate
lessthan10 ofthelongest ofthefirst
years. term,andof class,or
the Courtby
description, whichthe
providedfor offence
theoffence, istriable.
orfine,or
both.

214 Offeringgiftor 2 [Shall Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


restorationof not ofeither Session.
propertyin arrest description
considerationof without for7years,
screeningoffen warrant.] andfine.
der,iftheoff
encebecapital.

Ifpunishable Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 5 **


with ofeither *Magistrate
1 [imprisonment description ofthefirst
forlife],orwith for3years, class.
imprisonmentfor andfine.
10years.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"Transportationforlife"(w.e.f.1341972).
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvince,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.
5 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.

Page 227 of 319


Ifwithimprisonment 1[Shall Warrant Bailable Not Imprisonment 2 ***
forlessthan10years. notarrest .. .. compoundable. foraquarter Magistrate
without ofthelongest ofthefirst
warrant.] term,andof class,or
the Courtby
description, whichthe
providedfor offenceis
theoffence, triable.
orfine,or
both.

215 Takinggifttohelpto 3 [May Warrant Bailable Not Imprisonment 2 ***


recovermoveable arrest .. .. compoundable. ofeither Magistrate
propertyofwhicha without description ofthefirst
personhasbeen warrant] for2years, class.
deprived orfine,or
byanoffence,without both.
causingapprehension
ofoffender.

216 Harbouringan Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


offenderwhohas ofeither Session,
escapedfrom description 4 **or
custody,orwhose for7years, Magistrate
apprehensionhas andfine. ofthefirst
beenordered,ifthe class.
offencebecapital.

Ifpunishablewith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 1[Magistrate


5 [imprisonmentfor ofeither ofthefirst
life],orwith description class.

imprisonmentfor10 for3years,
years. withor
withoutfine.

Ifwithimprisonment Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2 ***


for1year,andnotfor foraquarter Magistrate
10years. ofthelongest ofthefirst
term,andof class,or
the courtby
description, whichthe
providedfor offenceis
theoffence, triable.
orfine,or
both.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".ForenforcementofthisamendmentintheProvince,seepara2offootnote3onp.40,
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
3 SubsbytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.
4 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omitted,ibid.
5 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.13472).

Page 228 of 319


216A Harbouring Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Rigorous Courtof
robbersor imprisonment Session,1**
dacoits. for7years, orMagistrate
andfine. ofthefirst
class.

217 Publicservant Shall Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***


disobeyinga not .. ofeither Magistrateof
directionoflaw arrest description thefirstor
withintenttosave without for2years, secondclass.
personfrom
warrant. orfine,or
punishment,or
propertyfrom
both.
forfeiture.

218 Publicservant Ditto.. Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3[Magistrate


framingan ofeither ofthefirst
incorrectrecord description class]
orwritingwith
for3years,
intenttosave
personfrom
orfine,or
punishment,or both.
propertyfrom
forfeiture.

219 Publicservantin Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


ajudicial ofeither
proceeding description
corruptlymaking
for7years,or
andpronouncing
anorder, fine,orboth.
report,verdictor
decisionwhich
heknowsto
becontraryto
law.

CHAPTERXI.FALSEEVIDENCEANDOFFENCESAGAINSTPUBLICJUSTICE.contd

220 Commitmentfor Shall Warrant.. Bailable Not Imprisonment Courtof


trialor not .. compoundable. ofeither Session.
extraconfinement arrest description
byaperson
without for7years,
havingauthority,
whoknowsthat warrant. orfine,or
heisacting both.
contrarytolaw.

221 Intentional Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


omissionto ofeither
apprehendonthe description
partofapublic
for7years,
servantboundby
lawtoapprehend
withor
anoffender,ifthe withoutfine.
offencebe
capital.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omitted,ibid.
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
3 Subs.ibid.,for"CourtofSession".

Page 229 of 319


Ifpunishablewith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***
1[imprisonmentfor ofeither Magistrateof
life],or descriptionfor thefirstclass.
imprisonmentfor 3years,withor
10years. withoutfine.

Ifwith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3***


imprisonmentfor ofeither Magistrateof
lessthan10years. descriptionfor thefirstor
2years,withor secondclass.
withoutfine.

222 Intenational Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Ditto.. 1[Imprisonment Courtof


omissionto bailable. forlife]or Session.
apprehendonthe imprisonment
partofapublic ofeither
servantboundby descriptionfor
lawtoapprehend 14years,with
personunder orwithoutfine.
sentenceofa
CourtofJusticeif
undersentenceof
death.

Ifundersentence Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


of4[imprisonment ofeither
forlife],5***or descriptionfor
6*imprisonment 7years,withor
withoutfine.
7***for10years

orupwards.

Ifundersentence Ditto.. Ditto.. Bailable.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2**or


ofimprisonment ofeither Magistrateof
forlessthan10 descriptionfor thefirstclass.
yearsorlawfully 3years,or
committedtocus fine,orboth.
tody.

223 Escapefrom Ditto.. Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 3***


confinement .. imprisonment Magistrateof
negligently for2years,or thefirstor
sufferedbya fine,orboth. secondclass.
publicservant.

224 Resistanceor May Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto


obstructionbya arrest ofeither
persontohis without descriptionfor
lawful warrant. 2years,or
apprehension. fine,orboth.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act.1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.13472).
2 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972)s.2and,Sch.
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
4 Subs.byAct25of1974,s.2andSch.for"transportation"(w.e.f.13472).
5 Thewords"orpenalservitudeforlife"omittedbytheCriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivilages)Act,1949(2of1950),Sch.
6 Theword"transportation"omittedbyAct25of1974,s.2andSch.
7 Thewords"orpenalservitude"omittedby"Act,2of1950,Sch".

Page 230 of 319


225 Resistanceor May Warrant.. Bailable.. Not Imprisonment 1***
obstructiontothe arrest compoundable. ofeither Magistrate
lawful without description ofthefirst
apprehensionof warrant. for2years, orsecond
anotherperson,or orfine,or class.
rescuinghimfrom both.
lawfulcustody.

Ifchargedwithan Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Ditto.. Imprisonment 3**or


offencepunishable bailable. ofeither Magistrate
with description ofthefirst
2[imprisonment] for3years class.
forlife]or andfine.
imprisonmentfor
10years.

Ifchargedwitha Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


capitaloffence. ofeither Session.
description
for7years,
andfine.

Ifthepersonis Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


sentencedto
2[imprisonmentfor

life],orto4**5*
orimprisonment
for10yearsorup
wards.

Ifundersentence Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 2[Imprisonment Ditto..


ofdeath. forlife],or
imprisonmentof
either
descriptionfor
10years,and
fine

225A Omissiontoapp
rehend,orsufferance
ofescape,onpartof
publicservantincases
nototherwisepro
videdfor

(a)incaseof Shall Ditto.. Bailable.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3**or


intentional not ofeither Magistrate
omissionor arrest description ofthefirst
sufferance without for3years, class.
warrant fineorboth.

(b)incaseof Ditto.. Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Simple 1***


negligentOmission .. imprisonment Magistrate
orsufferance. for2years, ofthefirst
orfine,or orsecond
both. class.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
2 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.13472).
3 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
4 Thewords"penalservitude"omittedbytheCriminalLaw(ExtinctionofDiscriminatoryPrivileges)Act,1949(2of1950),Sch.
5 Theword"transportation"omittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.

Page 231 of 319


225B Resistanceor May Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..
Obstructionto arrest ofeither
lawful without descriptionfor
apprehension, warrant. 6months,or
orescapeor fine,orboth
rescueincases
nototherwise
providedfor.

1* * * * * * *

227 Violationof Shall Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Punishmentof TheCourt


conditionof not .. original bywhich
remissionof arrest sentence,orif theoriginal
punishment. without partofthe offence
warrant. punishmenthas was
been triable.
undergonethe
residue.

228 Intentional Shall Summons Bailable Not Simple TheCourt


insultor not compoundable. imprisonment inwhich
interruptionto arrest for6months, the,
apublic without orfineof offenceis
servantsitting warrant. 2[3,000] committed,
inanystageof rupees,or subjectto
ajudicialpro both. the
ceeding. provisions
ofChapter
XXXV.

229 Personationof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3***


ajuroror ofeither Magistrate
assessor. descriptionfor ofthefirst
2years,or class.
fine,orboth.

CHAPTERXII. OFFENCESRELATINGTOCOINANDGOVERNMENTSTAMPS

231 Counterfeiting, May Warrant.. Not Not Imprisonment Courtof


orperforming arrest bailable. compoundable. ofeither Session.
anypartofthe without descriptionfor
processof warrant. 7years,and
counterfeiting, fine.
coin.

232 Counterfeiting, Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 5[Imprisonment Ditto..


orperforming forlife],or
anypartofthe imprisonment
processof ofeither
counterfeiting descriptionfor
4[Pakistan 10years,and
coin]. fine

1 Theoriginalentry226omittedibid,.
2 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof2,s.3(Sch.II).
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
4 Subs.byA.O.,1961Art,2andSch.for"TheQueen'sCoin"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956).
5 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2,andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.13472)

Page 232 of 319


233 Making,buyingorselling Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeither 1***
instrumentforthe descriptionfor3years, Magistrate
purposeofcounterfeiting andfine. ofthefirst
coin. class

234 Making,buyingorselling Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeither Courtof


instrumentforthe descriptionfor7years,and Session.
purposeofcounterfeiting fine.
2[Pakistancoin].

235 PossessionofInstrument Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeither 1***


ormaterialforthe descriptionfor3years,and Magistrate
purposeofusingthe fine. ofthefirst
sameforcounterfeiting class.
coin.

If3[Pakistancoin]. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeither Courtof


descriptionfor10years,and Session.
fine.

236 Abettingin4[Pakistan] Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Thepunishmentprovidedfor Ditto..


thecounterfeitingoutof abettingthecounterfeitingof
5[Pakistan]ofcoin. suchcoinwithin4[Pakistan].

237 Importorexportof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeither 1**


counterfeitcoin,knowing descriptionfor3years,and Magistrate
thesametobe fine. ofthefirst
counterfeit. class.

238 Importorexportof May Warrant Not Not 6[Imprisonmentforlife],or Courtof


counterfeitsof2[Pakistan arrest .. bailable. compoundable. imprisonmentofeither Session.
Coin],knowingthesame without descriptionfor10years,and
tobecounterfeit. warrant. fine.

1 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,for"theQueen'scoin"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956.).
3 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,for"theQueen'scoin"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956.).
4 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,for"theQueen'scoin"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956.).
5 Subs.bytheCentralLaws(StatueReform)Ordinance,1960(21of1960),s.3and2ndSch.(witheffectfromthe14thOctober,1955),for"theProvincesandtheCapitaloftheFederation"whichhad
beensubs.byA.O.,1949,Art.3(2)and4,for"BritishIndia".
6 Subs.bytheCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.for"transportationforlife"(w.e.f.13472).

Page 233 of 319


239 Havingany Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment CourtofSession,
counterfeitcoin ofeither 1**or
knowntobe description Magistrateofthe
suchwhenit for5years, firstclass.
cameintopos andfine.
session,and
delivering,etc.,
thesametoany
person.

240 Thesamewith Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


respectto ofeither
2[Pakistan description
coin]. for10years,
andfine.

241 Knowingly Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3***Magistrate


deliveringto ofeither ofthefirstor
anotherany description secondclass.
counterfeitcoin for2years,
asgenuine orfineoften
which,when timesthe
firstpossessed, valueofthe
thedeliverer coin
didnotknowto counterfeited,
becounterfeit. orboth.

242 Possessionof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 1***Magistrate


counterfeitcoin ofeither ofthefirstclass.
byaperson description
whoknewitto for3years,
becounterfeit andfine.
whenhe
became
possessed
thereof.

243 Possession Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 4[Courtof

of2[Pakistan ofeither session,or


coin]bya description magistrateofthe
personwho for7years, firstclass].
knewittobe andfine.
counterfeit
whenhe
became
possessed
thereof.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,for"theQueen'scoin"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956.).
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omitted,ibid.
4 Subs.byOrdinance12of1972,s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".

Page 234 of 319


244 Person Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Courtof
employedina Session.
Mintcausing
cointobeofa
different
weightor
composition
fromthat
fixedbylaw.

245 Unlawfully Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


takingfroma
Mintany
coining
instrument.

246 Fraudulently Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 1***


diminishing ofeither Magistrateof
theweightor description thefirstclass.
alteringthe for3years,
composition andfine.
ofanycoin.

247 Fraudulently May Warrant Not Not Imprisonment Courtof


diminishing arrest bailable. compoundable. ofeither Session,or3*
theweightor without description *Magistrateof
alteringthe warrant. for7Years, thefirstclass.
composition andfine.
of2[Pakistan
coin].

248 Altering Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 4[Magistrateof


appearanceof ofeither thefirstclass]
anycoinwith description
intentthatit for3years,
shallpassasa andfine.
coinofa
differentdes
cription.

249 Altering Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 4[Courtof


appearanceof ofeither sessionor
2[Pakistan description magistrateof
coin]with for7 firstclass].
intentthatit yearsand
shallpassasa fine.
coinofa
different
description.

1 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.
2 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,for"theQueen'scoin"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956.).
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.
4 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".

Page 235 of 319


250 Deliveryto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof Ditto.
anotherofcoin eitherdescription
possessedwith for5yearsand
theknowledge fine.
thatitisaltered.

251 Deliveryof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof Ditto..


1[Pakistancoin] eitherdescription
possessedwith for10years,and
theknowledge fine.
thatitisaltered.

252 Possessionof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof 2[Magistrateof


alteredcoinby eitherdescription thefirstclass].
apersonwho for3years,and
knewittobe fine.
alteredwhenhe
became
possessed
thereof

253 Possessionof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof 2[Courtof


1[Pakistancoin] eitherdescription sessionor
byaperson for5years,and Magistrateof
whoknewitto fine. firstclass]
bealteredwhen
hebecame
possessed
thereof.

254 Deliveryto Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentof 3***


anotherofcoin eitherdescription Magistrateofthe
asgenuine for2yearsor firstorsecond
which,when fineoftentimes class.
firstpossessed, thevalueofthe
thedeliverer coin.
didnotknowto
bealtered.

255 Counterfeitinga Ditto.. Ditto.. 4[Ditto] Ditto.. 5[Imprisonment Courtof


Government .. forlife]or Session.
stamp. imprisonmentof
eitherdescription
for10years,and
fine.

1 Subs.byA.O.,1961,Art.2andSch.,for"theQueen'scoin"(witheffectfromthe23rdMarch,1956.).
2 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omitted,ibid.byA.O.,1949Sch.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1973(57of1973),s.4for"Bailable"(w.e.f.29673).
5 Subs.byCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1974(25of1974),s.2andSch.,for"Transportationforlife"(w.e.f.13472).

Page 236 of 319


256 Having Ditto.. Ditto.. 1[Bailable]. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.
possessionof ofeither
aninstrument description
ormaterialfor for7
thepurposeof years,and
counterfeiting fine.
aGovernment
stamp.

257 Making, May Warrant.. Bailable.. Not Imprisonment Courtof


buyingor arrest compoundable. ofeither Session.
selling without description
instrumentfor warrant. for7years,
thepurposeof andfine
counterfeiting
aGovernment
stamp.

258 Saleof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.


counterfeit
Government
stamp.

259 Having Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Courtof


possessionof Session,2**
counterfeit or
Government Magistrate
stamp. ofthefirst
class.

260 Usingas Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


genuinea ofeither
Government description
stampknown for7years,or
tobe fine,orboth.
counterfeit.

1 Subs.byAct57of1973,s.4,for"Ditto"(w.e.f.29673).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"omittedbyA.O.,1949,sch.

Page 237 of 319


261 Effacingany Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 1[Magistrate
writingfroma ofeither ofthefirst
substancebearing description class.]
aGovernment for3
stamp,or years,orfine,
removingfroma orboth.
documentastamp
usedforitwith
intenttocauseloss
toGovernment.

262 Usinga Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***


Governmentstamp ofeither Magistrate
knowntohave description ofthefirst
beenbeforeused. for2 orsecond
years,orfine, class.
orboth.

263 Erasureofmark Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3***


denotingthat ofeither Magistrate
stamphasbeen description ofthe
used. for3years, firstclass.
orfine,or
both.

263A Fictitiousstamps Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fineof 3***


4[600]rupees Magistrate
ofthefirst
class.

CHAPTERXIII. OFFENCESRELATINGTOWEIGHTSANDMEASURES

264 Fraudulentuseof Shall Summons. Bailable. Not Imprisonment 2***


falseinstrument not compoundable. ofeither Magistrate
forweighing arrest description ofthefirst
without for1year,or orsecond
warrant. fine,orboth. class.

265 Fraudulentuseof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


falseweightor
measure.

266 Beingin Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


possessionoffalse
weightsormea
suresforfrau
dulentuse.

267 Makingorselling Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


falseweightsor
measuresfor
fraudulentuse.

1 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"Ditto".
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omitted,byA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Thewords"CourtofSession,or"omittedbyOrdinance12of1972,s.2.andSch.
4 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(SchII).

Page 238 of 319


SCHEDULEII.contd

CHAPTERXIV. OFFENCESAFFECTINGTHEPUBLICHEALTH,SAFETY,CONVENIENCE,
DECENCYANDMORALS

269 Negligently May Summons. Bailable. Not Imprisonment 1***


doingany arrest compoundable. ofeither Magistrateof
actknownto without description thefirstor
belikelyto warrant. for6months, secondclass.
spread orfine,or
infectionof both.
anydisease
dangerousto
life.

270 Malignantly Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


doingany ofeither
actknownto description
belikelyto for2years,
spread orfine,or
infectionof both.
anydisease
dangerousto
life.

271 Knowingly Shallnot Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


disobeying arrest ofeither
any without description
quarantine warrant. for6months,
rule. orfine,or
both.

272 Adulterating Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


foodordrink ofeither
intendedfor description
sale,soasto for6months,
makethe orfineor
same 2[3,000]
noxious. rupees,or
both.

273 Sellingany Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


foodordrink
asfood
anddrink,
knowingthe
sametobe
noxious.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omitted,byA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(SchII).

Page 239 of 319


274 Adulterating Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..
anydrugor
medical
preparationin
tendedforsale
soastolessen
itsefficacy,or
tochangeits
operation,orto
makeit
noxious.

275 Offeringfor Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.


saleorissuing
froma
dispensaryany
drugormedical
preparation
knowntohave
beenadulterat
ed.

276 Knowingly Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.


sellingor
issuingfroma
dispensaryany
drugormedical
preparationas
adifferentdrug
ormedical
preparation.

277 Defilingthe May Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment AnyMagistrate.


waterofa arrest ofeither
publicspringor without description
reservoir. warrant. for3months,
orfineof
1[1500]

rupees,or
both.

278 Making Shallnot Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fineof Ditto..


atmosphere arrest 1[1500]
noxiousto without rupees
health. warrant.

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(SchII).

Page 240 of 319


SCHEDULEII.contd

CHAPTERXIV. OFFENCESAFFECTINGTHEPUBLICHEALTH,SAFETY,CONVENIENCE,
DECENCYANDMORALS

279 Drivingorriding May Summons. Bailable. Not Imprisonment 1[Magistrate


onapublicwayso arrest compoundable. ofeither ofthefirst
rashlyor without description orsecond
negligentlyasto warrant. for1[2 class].
endangerhuman years],or
life,etc., fineof
2[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

280 Navigatingany Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 3**


vesselsorashlyor Magistrate
negligentlyasto ofthefirst
endangerhuman orsecond
life,etc. class.

281 Exhibitionofa Ditto.. Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


falselight,markor ofeither Session.
buoy. description
for7years,
orfine,or
both.

282 Conveyingforhire Ditto.. Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 3***


anypersonby .. ofeither Magistrate
water,inavessel description ofthefirst
insuchastate,or for6months, orsecond
soloaded,asto orfine,of class.
endangerhislife. 2[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

283 Causing Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fineof Ditto.


danger,obstruction 2[600]
orinjuryinany rupees.
publicwayorline
ofnavigation.

284 Dealingwithany Shall Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


poisonous not ofeither
substancesoasto arrest description
endangerhuman without for6months,
life,etc. warrant. orfine,of
2[3,000]

rupees,or
both.

1 Subs.bytheCriminalLaws(Amdt.)Ordinance,1980(3of1980),s.13.
2 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(SchII).
3 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omitted,byA.O.,1949,Sch.

Page 241 of 319


285 Dealingwith May Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Any
fireorany arrest Magistrate.
combustible without
mattersoas warrant.
toendanger
humanlife,
etc.

286 Sodealing Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


withany
explosive
substance.

287 Sodealing Shallnot Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 1***


withany arrest Magistrateof
machinery. without thefirstor
warrant. secondclass.

288 Aperson Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto..


omittingto
guardagainst
probable
dangerto
humanlife
bythefallof
anybuilding
overwhich
hehasaright
entitlinghim
topullit
downor
repairit.

289 Aperson May Summons. Bailable. Not Imprisonment Any


omittingto arrest compoundable. ofeither Magistrate.
takeorder without description
withany warrant. for6months,
animalinhis orfineof
possession, 2[3,000]
soasto rupees,or
guardagainst both.
dangerto
humanlife,
orof
grievous
hurt,from
suchanimal.

290 Committinga Shallnot Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fineof Ditto..


public arrest 2[600]rupees
nuisance. without
warrant.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omitted,byA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(SchII).

Page 242 of 319


291 ContinuanceofNuisance May Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Simpleimprisonmentfor6 1***
afterinjunctionto arrest months,orfine,or Magistrate
discontinue. without both. ofthefirst
warrant. orsecond
class

292 Sale,etc.,ofobscene Ditto.. Warrant.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeitherdescription [1***


books,etc. for3months,orfine,orboth. Magistrate
ofthefirst
class.]

2[292A Exposuretoseduction. May Warrant. Not Not Imprisonmentofeitherdescription Courtof


arrest bailable. compoundable. foratermwhichshallnotbeless Sessions.
without thanoneyearandmayextendto
warrant. sevenyearsorwithfinewhich
maynotbelessthanrupeeson
hundredthousandandmayextend
torupeesfivehundredthousand,
orwithboth.

292C Punishmentforchild Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentwhichmayextend Ditto..


pornography. tosevenyearsandwithfinewhich
shallnotbelessthantwohundred
thousandrupeesandmayextend
tosevenhundredthousand
rupees.]

293 3[Sale,etc.,ofobscene Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 1[Imprisonmentofeither Ditto..


objectstoyoungpersons.] descriptionfor6months,orfine,
orboth.]

294 Obscenesongs. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeitherdescription 4[Any


for3months,orfine,orboth. Magistrate.]

294A Keepingalotteryoffice. Shall Summons.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonmentofeitherdescription Ditto..


not for6months,orfine,orboth.
arest
without
warrant.

Publishingproposals Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Fineof5[3,000]rupees Ditto..


relatingtolotteries.

CHAPTERXV. OFFENCESRELATINGTORELIGION

295 Destroying,damagingor May Summons.. Bailable Not Imprisonmentofeitherdescription 1***


defilingaplaceofworship arrest .. compoundable. for2years,orfine,orboth. Magistrate
orsacredobjectwithintent without ofthefirst
toinsultthereligionofany warrant. orsecond
classofpersons. class.

1 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omitted,byA.O.,1949,Sch.
2 Ins.byActXof2016,s.8.
3 Subs.bytheObscencePublicationsAct,1925(8of1925),s.3,fortheoriginalentry.
4 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159fortheoriginalentry.
5 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(SchII).

Page 243 of 319


1[295A Maliciously Shallnot Warrant.. Not Ditto.. Ditto.[10]2 3[Magistrate
insulting arrest bailable. ofthefirst
thereligion without class.]
orthe warrant.
religious
beliefsof
anyclass.

4[295B. Defiling, May Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Courtof


etc.,of arrest forlife Session.
copyof without
Holy warrant.
Quran.

295C. Useof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Death,or Courtof


derogatory imprisonment Session
remarks, forlifeand whichshall
etc.,in fine. bepresided
respectof overbya
theHoly Muslim.]
Prophet.

296 Causinga 5[May 5[Summons] 5[Bailable].. 5[Not Imprisonment 5[***


disturbance arrest compoundable.] ofeither Magistrate
toan without description ofthefirst
assembly warrant.] forone orsecond
engagedin yearorfine, class.]
religious orboth.
worship.

297 Trespassing 5[May 5[Summons] 5[Bailable] 5[Not Imprisonment 5***


inplaceof arrest compoundable.] ofeither Magistrate
worshipor without description ofthefirst
sepulture, warrant.] foroneyear, orsecond
disturbing orfine,or class.
funeral both.
withinten
tionto
woundthe
feelingsor
toinsultthe
religionof
anyperson,
oroffering
indignityto
ahuman
corpse.

1 Thisitemwasins.bytheCriminalLawAmendmentAct,1927(25of1927),s.3.
2 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,s.3(SchII).
3 Subs.bytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.,for"CourtofSession".
4 Ins.bytheCriminalLaw(Amdt.)Act,1986(3of1986),s.3.
5 Subs.bytheAct25of1927,s.3.fortheoriginalentry.

Page 244 of 319


Utteringanywordormaking Shallnot Ditto.. Ditto.. Compoundable. 1[imprisonmentof Ditto.
298 anysoundinthehearing,or arrest eitherdescription
makinganygest ure,or without foratermwhich
placinganyobjectinthe warrant. mayextendtothree
sight,ofanyperson,within yearsbutshallnot
tentiontowoundhisreli belessthanone
giousfeeling. year,orwithfine,
orwithboth.]

2[298A Useofderogatory May Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Imprisonment Ditto.


remarks,etc.,in arrest compoundable. ofeither
respectofholy without drescription
personage's. warrant. forthree
yearsorfine,
orboth.

298B Misuseof Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto.


epithets,discriptions Bailable. ofeither
andtiltes, description
etc.,reservedfor forthree
certainholy years,and
personagesor fine.
places.

298C PersonofQuadiani Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.]


group,etc.,calling
himselfamuslim
orpreachingor
propagatinghis
faith.

CHAPTERXVI. OFFENCESAFFECTINGTHEHUMANBODY

Ofoffencesaffecting,Life

3[302 Qatliamd Mayarrest Warrant Not compoundable. Qisas,ordeath, Court


without bailable. imprisonment of
warrant forlifeor Session.
imprisonment
uptotwentyfive
years

303 (a)Qatlunderikrahi Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Impriosnmentof


tam. either
descriptionfor Ditto.
twentyfive
yearsbutnot
lessthanten
years.

(b)causingofikrahi Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Punishment Ditto.


tamforcommissionof providedforthe
qatl. kindofqatl
committed.

(c)QatlunderIkrahi Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Punishment


naqis. providedforthe
kindofqatl Ditto..
committed.

(d)Causingikrahi Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisomentof


naqisforthe either
commissionofqatl. descriptionfor Ditto..
tenyears.

1 Subs.byActNo.IVof2017,s.4(2).
2 Ins.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(ThirdAmdt.)Ordinance,1980(45of1980),s.2.
3 Ins.byAct25of2011,s.4.

Page 245 of 319


308 Qatliamd May warrant. Not Compoundable. Diyat,and Courtof
notliableto arrest Bailable. imprisonment Session.
qisas. without ofeither
warrant. description
for1[twenty
five]years.

2[310A Givinga Shall Warrant. Ditto.. NotCompoundable. Impriosnment Courtof


female not ofeither sessions,
forcefullyin arrest description or
Marriageor without whichmay Magistrate
otherwisein warrant. extendto7 offirst
badlisulh, yearsbut class."]
wannior shallnotbe
swara. lessthan3
yearsand
fineof
rupees.
500,000/

1[Compoundable] 3
311 Qatliamd Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. [Death or Ditto.
whenwaived imprisonment
compounded. for life or
imprisonemnt
of either
description
for a term
which may
extend to
fourteen
years as
ta'zir, or if
the offence
has been
committed in
the name or
onthepretext
of honour,
imprisonment
forlife].

312 Qatliamd Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Qaisasor Ditto.


after diyat.
compounding
ofqisasetc.

316 QatlShibhi Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Diyatand Ditto.


amd. impriosnment
ofeither
description
forfourteen
years.

1 Ins.byActIof2005,s.16.
2 Subs.byAct26of2011,s.5.
3 subs.byActXLIIIof2016,s.9.

Page 246 of 319


319 Qatli Ditto Ditto Bailable Ditto Diyat,and Ditto
khata impriosnment
ofeither
description
forfive
years.

320 Qatli May Warrant Bailable Compoundable Diyat,and Ditto


khataby arrest impriosnment
rashor without ofeither
negligent warrant. description
driving. fortenyears.

322 Qatlbis Ditto Ditto Notbailable Ditto Diyat Ditto


sabab.

324 Attempt Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Impriosnmnet Ditto


toqatli ofeither
amd description
fortenyears,
1[butshall

notbeless
thanfive
yearsifthe
offencehas
been
committedin
thenameor
onthepretext
ofkarokari,
siyahkarior
similarother
customsor
practices]and
fine,qisas,or
arshincase
ofhurtand
imprisonment
uptoseven
years.

325 Attempt Ditto Ditto Bailable Notcompoundable. Simple Magistrate


tocommit imprisonment ofthefirst
suicide. foroneyear, orsecond
orfine,or class.
both.

327 Beinga May Warrant Notbailable NotCompoundable Imprisonment Courtof


thug. arrest forlifeand Session.
without fine.
warrant

1 Ins.byAct25of2011,s.4.

Page 247 of 319


328 Exposureofa Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment CourtofSessionor
childunder12 ofeither Magistrateofthe
yearsofageby descriptionfor firstclass.
parentorperson sevenyears,
havingcareofit orfine,or
withintentionof both.
wholly
abandoningit.

1[328A Crueltytoa May Warrant Bailable Compounable Imprisonment Magistrateofthe


Child arrest whichshall firstclass".]
without notbeless
warrant thanoneyear
andmay
extendto
threeyearsor
withfine
whichshall
notbeless
thantwenty
fivethousand
rupeesand
mayextendto
fiftythousand
rupeesorwith
both.

329 Concealmentof Ditto.. Ditto.. Bailable Ditto.. Imprisonment Magistrateofthe


birthbysecret ofeither firstclass.
disposalofdead descriptionfor
body. twoyear,or
fine,orboth.

334 Itlafiudw. Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Compoundable Qisas,or CourtofSession.


bailable arsh,and
imprisonment
ofeither
descriptionfor
tenyears.

336 Itlafisalahiyyat May Warrant Not Compoundable Qisas,or CourtofSession.


iudw. arrest bailable. arsh,and
without imprisonment
warrant. ofeither
descriptionfor
tenyears.

2[336B Hurtcausedby Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Life Ditto.".]


Corrosive compoundable imprisonement
Substances or
imprisonemt
ofeither
descriptionfor
notlessthen
14yearsand
aminimum
fineofone
onemillion
rupees

1 Ins.byActXof2016,s.8.
2 Ins.byActXXVof2011,s.4.

Page 248 of 319


337A (i)Shajjahi Shallnot Summons Bailable Compoundable Daman,andimprisonment Magistrate
khafifah arrest ofeitherdescriptionfor ofthefirst
without twoyears. class.
warrant.

(ii)Shajjahi May Warrant Not Ditto. Qisas,orarsh,and Courtof


mudihah. arrest bailable imprisonmentofeither Sessionor
without descriptionforfiveyears. Magistrate
warrant offirstclass.

(iii)Shajjahi Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Arsh,andimprisonmentof Ditto


hashimah. eitherdescriptionforten
years.

(iv)Shajjahi May Warrant Not Coumpounable Arsh,andimprisonmentof Courtof


munaqqilah. arrest bailable eitherdescriptionforten Sessionor
without years. Magistrate
warrant ofthefirst
class.

(v)Shajjahi Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Arsh,andimprisonmentof Ditto.


ammah. eitherdescriptionfor
fourteenyears.

(vi)Shajjahi Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Arsh,andimprisonmentof Ditto.


damighah. eitherdescriptionfor
fourteenyears.

337D Jaifah. Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Arsh,imprisonmentof Ditto


eitherdescriptionfor
tenyearsand
punishmentprovided
forItlafiudworItlaf
isalahiyyatiudw,if
caused.

337F (i)Damiyah. Shall Summons Bailable Compoundable Daman,and Magistrate


not imprisonmentofeither ofthefirst
arrest descriptionforone class.
without years.
warrant

(ii)Badi`ah May Warrant Not Ditto.. Daman,and Ditto


arrest bailable imprisonmentofeither
without descriptionforthree
warrant years.

(iii) Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Daman,and Ditto


Mutalahimah. imprisonmentofeither
descriptionforthree
years.

(iv)Mudihah. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Ditto. Daman,and Courtof


imprisonmentofeither Sessionor
descriptionforfive Magistrate
years. offirst
class.

Page 249 of 319


(v) May Warrant Not Compoundable Daman,and Courtof
Hashimah. arrest bailable imprisonment Sessionor
without ofeither Magistrateof
warrant description firstclass.
forfive
years.

(vi) Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Daman,and Ditto


Munaqqilah. imprisonment
ofeither
description
forseven
years.

337G Hurtbyrash Ditto.. Ditto.. Bailable Ditto.. Arsh,or Ditto


ornegligent daman,and
driving. imprisonment
ofeither
description
for
fiveyears.

337H (1)Hurtby Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Arsh,or Magistrateof


rashor daman,and thefirstclass.
negligentact. imprisonment
ofeither
description
forthree
years.

(2)Arashor Shall Summons Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Magistrateof


negligentact not ofeither thefirstor
toendanger arrest description secondclass.
humanlifeor without forthree
personal warrant months,or
safetyof withfine,or
others. withboth.

337I Hurtby Shall Summons Bailable Compoundable Arsh,or Magistrateof


mistake not daman,for thefirstclass.
(khata). arrest thekindof
without hurtcaused.
warrant

337J Hurtby May Warrant Not Compoundable Arsh,or Courtof


poison. arrest bailable daman, Session.
without providedfor
warrant thekindof
hurt
causedand
imprisonment
ofeither
description
fortenyears.

Page 250 of 319


337 Hurtfor May Warrant Not Compoundable Qaisas,arsh, Courtof
K extorting arrest Bailable ordaman, Session.
confession without providedfor
etc. warrant thekindof
hurtcaused

and
imprisonment
ofeither
description
fortenyears.

337L (a)Hurts Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Daman,and Courtof


otherthan imprisonment Sessionor
specifiedin ofeither Magistrateof
sections description thefirstclass.
hereto for
before. sevenyears.

(b)Other Shall Summons Bailable Compoundable Daman,and Magistrateof


hurtsnot not imprisonment thefirstclass.
covered arrest ofeither
hereto without description
before. warrant fortwoyears
orwithboth.

337M Hurtnot Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Arsh,ta'zirand Ditto


punishment
liableto
providedforthe
qisas. kindofhurt
caused.

337N Hurtwhere May Warrant Not Ditto Arsh,ta'zirand Courtof


punishment
qisascannot arrest bailable Sessionor
providedforthe
beenforced. without kindofhurt
Magistrateof
warrant caused 1["but thefirstclass.
ta'zirshallnotbe
lessthanone
thirdorthe
maximum
impriosnment
providedforthe
offencewhere
theoffenderisa
previousconvict,
habitualor
hardened,
desperateor
dangerous
criminalorifthe
offencehasbeen
committedby
himinthename
oronthepretext
ofkarokari,
siyahkarior
similarother
customsor
practices."]

1 Ins.byAct25of2011,s.4.

Page 251 of 319


338A (a)Isqati May Not Compoundable Imprisonment Courtof
hamlwith arrest bailable ofeither Session
consent. without Warrant description orMagistrate
warrant forthree ofthefirst

yearsand class.

punishment
providedfor

thekindof
hurtordeath,

ifcaused.





(b)Isqati May Warrant Not Compoundable Imprisonment Courtof


hamlwithout arrest bailable ofeither Sessionor
consent. without description Magistrateof
warrant fortenyears thefirstclass.
and
punishment
providedfor
thekindof
hurtordeath,
ifcaused.

338C Isqatijanin May Warrant Not Compoundable Diyat,ta'zir Courtof


aresst bailable and Sessionor
without imprisonment Magistrateof
warrant ofeither thefirstclass.]
description
forseven
yearsand
punishment
providedfor
thekindof
hurtordeath,
ifcaused.

OfWrongfulRestraintandWrongfulConfinement

341 Wrongfully May Summon Bailable Compoundable Simple Any


restraining arrest .. .. imprisonment Magistrate.
anyperson. without for1month,
warrant. orfineof
1[1500]

rupees,or
both.

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,sec.3,(Sch.II).

Page 252 of 319


342 Wrongfully Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment 2***
confiningany ofeither Magistrateof
person. description thefirstor
for1year,or secondclass.
fineof
1[3000]

rupees,or
both.

343 Wrongfully Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 3[Compoundable Imprisonment Ditto.


confiningfor whenpermission ofeither
threeormore isgivenbythe description
days. Courtbefore for2years,
whichthe orfine,or
prosecutionis both.
pending.]

344 Wrongfully Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 3[Not Imprisonment 4**


confiningfor compoundable.] ofeither *Magistrateof
10ormore description thefirstor
days. for3years, secondclass.
andfine.

345 Keepingany Shallnot Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Imprisonment Ditto..


personin arrest ofeither
wrongful without description
confinement, warrant. for2years,
knowingthata inadditionto
writhasbeen imprisonment
issuedforhis underany
liberation. othersection.

346 Wrongful May Ditto.. Ditto.. 3[Compoundable Ditto.. Ditto..


confinement arrest whenpermission
insecret. without isgivenbythe
warrant. Courtbefore
whichthe
prosecutionis
pending.]

1 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,sec.3,(Sch.II).
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.
4 Thewords"CourtofSessionor"omittedbytheLawReformsOrdinance,1972(12of1972),s.2andSch.Thewords"withtheprevioussanctionoftheG.G.inC."rep.bytheDevolutionAct,
1920(38of1920),s.2andSch.I.

Page 253 of 319


347 Wrongful Mayarrest Summons.. Bailable.. 1[Not Imprisonment 2***
confinementforthe without compoundable.] ofeither Magistrateof
purposeofextorting warant. description thefirstor
property,or for3years, secondclass,
constrainingtoan andfine.
illegalact,etc.

348 Wrongful Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. 2**


confinementforthe *Magistrate
purposeofextorting ofthefirst
confessionor class.
information,orof
compellingrestora
tionofproperty,
etc.

OfCriminalForceandAssault

352 Assaultoruseof Shallnot Summons Bailable.. Compoundable Imprisonment Any


criminalforce arrest ofeither Magistrate.
otherwisethanon without description
graveprovocation. warrant. for3months,
orfineof
3[1500]

rupees,or
both.

353 Assaultoruseof Mayarrest Warrant.. Ditto.. Not Imprisonment 2***


criminalforceto without compoundable. ofeither Magistrateof
deterapublic warrant. description thefirstor
servantfrom for2years, secondclass.
dischargeofhis orfine,or
duty. both.

354 Assaultoruseof Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.. Ditto.


criminalforcetoa
womanwithintent
tooutrageher
modesty.

4[354A Assaultoruseof Ditto.. Ditto.. Not Ditto.. Deathor Courtof


criminalforceto bailable imprisonment Session.]
womenandstriping forlife,and
herofherclothes. fine.

1 Subs.bytheCodeofCriminalProcedure(Amdt.)Act,1923(18of1923),s.159,fortheoriginalentry.
2 Thewords"PresidencyMagistrate"andbyimplicationtheword"or"omittedbyA.O.,1949,Sch.
3 Subs.byOrd.LXXXVIof02,sec.3,(Sch.II).
4 Ins.byCriminalLaw(Amdt.)Ordinance,1984(24of1984),s.3.

Page 254 of 319


355 Assaultor Shallnot Summons Ditto.. Compoundable. Ditto.. Ditto..
criminalforce arrest ..
withintentto without
dishonoura warrant.
person,
otherwise
thanongrave
andsudden
provocation.

356 Assaultor May Warrant.. Bailable. Not Ditto.. Any


criminalforce arrest compoundable. Magistrate.
inattemptto without
committheft warrant.
ofproperty
wornor
carriedbya
person.

357 Assaultor Ditto.. Ditto.. Bailable.. 1[Compoundable Imprisonment Ditto.


useof whenpermission ofeither
criminalforce isgivenbythe description
inattempt Courtbefore for1year,or
wrongfullyto whichthe fineof
confinea prosecutionis 2[3,000]
person. pending.] rupees,or
both.

358 Assaultor Shallnot Summons Bailable.. Compoundable. Simple Any