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HOWARD GARDNER: MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES

1. Gardner questioned the idea of intelligence:

a. ____________________________________________________________

b. _____________________________________________________________

c. ______________________________________________________________

A PARADIGM SHIFTER (Smith & Smith, 1994).

2. People have an unique blend of _________________and _____________


(intelligence).

3. The ___________________ is tied to ones preference to learning

4. Gardner asserts that people who have ____________________________________


_________________________________________________________________as they
develop skills and solve problems

Derived from: www.niu.edu/facdev

5. All human beings have _____________________________.

6. These intelligences can be nurtured and strengthened, or ignored and weakened.

7. Traditional belief of cognitive science:

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

8. According to Gardner:

_________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

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9. An intelligence : ___________________________________________________

10. He made judgment about this based on: reminiscent more of an artistic judgment than
of a scientific assessment.

11. Formulated a list of SEVEN Intelligence (Tentative)


(a) First two were typically valued in schools
_____________________

__________________________

(b) Three were normally associated with arts


______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

(c) Two were personal intelligence


Interpersonal
Intrapersonal

12. Added another TWO Intelligence


_____________________________

______________________________

13. MI to guide lesson planning


(a) Important to teach through a ________________________ and projects.

(b) Rich and engaging activities to evoke a _______________________________

(c) Ask students to work _________________ and ____________________ to


support both interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences.

(d) Assessment should be integrated into learning: students play an active role to
clarify the goals of classroom activities.

(e) Give students a ________________________________________________. Give


them opportunities to create meaningful projects and authentic presentations.

(f) It is counterproductive to label students with a particular intelligence. Need to


nurture the whole spectrum.

14. What are critics saying?

Its not new!

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_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

Its not well defined!

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Its culturally embedded!

___________________________________________________________________

______________________________________

It defeats national Standards!

Multiple intelligence pedagogy difficult to compare and classify skills and abilities
across classrooms

It is impractical!