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VGA connector
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A VGA connector as it is commonly known (other names include VGA connector (DE-15/HD-15)
RGB connector, D-sub 15, mini sub D15 and mini D15) is a three-
row 15 pin DE-15. There are four versions: original
( and DDC2
( pinouts, the far
older and less flexible DE-9 connector, and a Mini-VGA used for

The common 15-pin VGA connector found on most video cards,

computer monitors, and other devices, is almost universally called
"HD-15". HD stands for "high-density", which distinguishes it from
connectors having the same form factor but only 2 rows of pins.
However, this connector is often incorrectly referred to as a DB-15 or
A female DE-15 plug on a laptop
"VGA connectors" and their associated cabling are always used Type Analogue computer video
solely to carry analog component RGBHV (red - green - blue - connector
horizontal sync - vertical sync) video signals along with DDC2 Production history
digital clock and data. Designer IBM based on D-subminiature
Designed 1987
Where size is a constraint (such as laptops) a mini-VGA port can Produced 1987 to present
sometimes be found in place of the full-sized VGA connector. Superseded by DVI (1999)
Video signal RGB video signal plus option
H and V sync
Data signal IC data channel for DDC
Pins 15
Connector DE-15
Pin out

DE-15 male plug.

A female DE15 socket (videocard side).

Pin 1 RED Red video
Pin 2 GREEN Green video
Pin 3 BLUE Blue video
Pin 4 N/C Not connected
Pin 5 GND Ground
Pin 11 RED_RTN
N/C Red return
Not connected
Pin 12
SDA Green return
IC data
Pin 13
HSync Blue returnsync
Pin 14
9 +5 V
VSync +5 V DCsync
Pin 10 GND

Pin 15 SCL IC clock

The image and table details the newer 15-pin VESA
DDC2 connector. Note that the pin numbering in the
diagram is a female connector at the graphics
adapter; the pin numbering on the male connector,
usually the cable end, is the mirror image.

Disabling DDC
On Microsoft Windows (Versions XP and above), there is no software provided option to disable plug and play monitor
detection. This causes problems with computer/monitor switching applications and causes computer games to select
display resolutions higher than the monitor is physically capable of displaying resulting in a garbled display.

In these circumstances, it may be necessary to remove pin 12 from the monitor VGA cable, to disable plug and play
monitor detection. This allows display resolution to be selected manually and not overridden when the display adapter is
removed and reinserted or the KVM switch is operated.

The automatic plug-and-play monitor detection under Windows operating systems can be overridden in the video card's
control panel when the appropriate third-party driver is installed.

See also
Video Graphics Array (VGA)
Digital Visual Interface (DVI)
Display Data Channel (DDC/DDC2)
Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA)
Extended display identification data (EDID)
Super Video Graphics Array (SVGA)
Component video

External links
VGA DB15 pinout (
VGA (VESA DDC) pinout and signals (
VGA-9 pinout (

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Categories: Analog video connectors | Computer peripherals
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This page was last modified on 25 August 2008, at 01:07.

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