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HOMEOSTASIS

Definition:
Homeostasis refers to the maintenance of the internal environment in the body of
an organism such as:
- Temperature
- Water
- Ph
- Blood pressure

to be in a balance condition so that the organism to work well.

Homeostasis In Human

Our body has a mechanism that can regulate body temperature, water
content and when to be in a balance and stable condition

Homeostasis Control Process

Control Correctiv
e
centre
mechanis
Increase Decrease

Normal temperature Normal temperature


range range
Decrease Increase

Control Correctiv
e
centre
mechanis
The most important homeostasis in the human body are
(i) the regulation of water
(ii) the regulation of body temperature

THE REGULATION OF WATER


Brain Corrective Mechanism

Detected by the brain

Increase Water
content in the body decrease

NORMAL WATER LEVEL

Decrease Water content in the body


increase

Detected by the brain

Brain Corrective mechanism


THE REGULATION OF TEMPERATURE
Brain Corrective Mechanism

Detected by the brain

Increase
Body temperature decrease

NORMAL TEMPERATURE

Decrease Body temperature


increase

Detected by the brain

Brain Corrective mechanism

Higher Surrounding Temperature


1. Blood vessels dilated to let more blood flow close to the skin to increase heat
loss.
2. Hair lie flat to reduce air trapped on the skin so that heat can be release easily.
3. Sweat glands produce more sweat to cool the skin when sweat is evaporated.

Lower Surrounding Temperature

1. Blood vessels constrict to let more blood flow away from the skin to reduce heat
loss.
2. The hair is erect to trap a layer of air that acts as a layer of heat insulator.