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Uniform Specification Series Horizontal Tanks Single Wall Tanks

ULC-S601/UL-142 Aboveground Horizontal Storage Tanks

ULC
Nominal Capacity Nominal I.D. Nominal Len. Thickness Min. t
1500 1000 1910 2.0 1.80
2500 1300 1900 2.5 2.30
5000 1300 3800 2.5 2.30
10000 2000 3190 4.0 3.80
15000 2500 3060 5.0 4.70
25000 2500 5100 5.0 4.70
35000 2500 7140 5.0 4.70
50000 2500 10200 5.0 4.70
50000 3000 7080 6.0 5.62
75000 3600 7370 7.5 7.12
100000 3600 9830 7.5 7.12
125000 3600 12290 7.5 7.12

US units ULC UL-142


Nominal Capacity Nominal I.D. Nominal Len. Thickness Min. t Min. t Head Bracing
397 39.3701 75.1969 0.0787 0.0709 0.0930
661 51.1811 74.8031 0.0984 0.0906 0.1230
1322 51.1811 149.6063 0.0984 0.0906 0.1670
2643 78.7402 125.5906 0.1575 0.1496 0.2400 Yes
3965 98.4252 120.4724 0.1969 0.1850 0.2400 Yes
6609 98.4252 200.7874 0.1969 0.1850 0.2400 Yes
9252 98.4252 281.1024 0.1969 0.1850 0.2400 Yes
13217 98.4252 401.5748 0.1969 0.1850 0.2400 Yes
13217 118.1102 278.7402 0.2362 0.2213 0.2400 Yes
19826 141.7323 290.1575 0.2953 0.2803 0.2400 Yes
26434 141.7323 387.0079 0.2953 0.2803 0.2400 Yes
33043 141.7323 483.8583 0.2953 0.2803 0.2400 Yes

Heads for tank diameters exceeding 72 inches must be 5/16" thick or be braced for UL-142
Non-Uniform Specification Series Horizontal Tanks Single Wall
ULC-S601/UL-142 Aboveground Horizontal Storage Tanks

ULC
Capacity Range Diamter Max. Length Thickness Min. t
790 3145 1000 4000 2.0 1.80
1530 6140 1250 5000 2.5 2.30
1730 6905 1300 5200 2.5 2.30
2650 10605 1500 6000 3.0 2.80
4200 16840 1750 7000 3.5 3.30
6280 25135 2000 8000 4.0 3.80
8950 35785 2250 9000 4.5 4.20
12270 49090 2500 10000 5.0 4.70
21210 84830 3000 12000 6.0 5.62
28220 112900 3300 13200 7.0 6.62
33670 134700 3500 14000 7.0 6.62
36640 146580 3600 14400 7.5 7.12
50270 200000 4000 16000 8.0 7.60

US units ULC UL-142


Capacity Range Diamter Max. Length Thickness Min. t Min. t Head Bracing
209 831 39.3701 157.4803 0.0787 0.0709 0.0930
404 1623 49.2126 196.8504 0.0984 0.0906 0.1230
457 1825 51.1811 204.7244 0.0984 0.0906 0.1230
701 2803 59.0551 236.2205 0.1181 0.1102 0.1230
1110 4451 68.8976 275.5906 0.1378 0.1299 0.1670
1660 6644 78.7402 314.9606 0.1575 0.1496 0.2400 Yes
2366 9459 88.5827 354.3307 0.1772 0.1654 0.2400 Yes
3243 12976 98.4252 393.7008 0.1969 0.1850 0.2400 Yes
5607 22424 118.1102 472.4409 0.2362 0.2213 0.2400 Yes
7460 29844 129.9213 519.6850 0.2756 0.2606 0.2400 Yes
8900 35607 137.7953 551.1811 0.2756 0.2606 0.2400 Yes
9685 38747 141.7323 566.9291 0.2953 0.2803 0.2400 Yes
13288 52868 157.4803 629.9213 0.3150 0.2992 0.3650

Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 52868 gallon for ULC
Maximum diameter for UL-142 is 144 inches and 157.48 inches for ULC
Maximum length for UL-142 is 6 x diameter and 4 x diameter for ULC
Heads for tank diameters exceeding 72 inches must be 5/16" thick or be braced for UL-142
Comparison of Some Standard Sizes used in US
ULC-S601/UL-142 Aboveground Horizontal Storage Tanks

Secondary (tight wrap)


Diameter Length Capacity Min. t Head Bracing Min. t (ULC) Min. t Min. t (ULC)
36 48 211 0.0930 0.0709 0.0930 0.0906
48 72 564 0.0930 0.0906 0.0930 0.0906
64 72 1003 0.1230 0.1299 0.0930 0.1102
64 144 2005 0.1670 0.1299 0.1230 0.1102
64 216 3008 0.1670 0.1299 0.1230 0.1102
64 288 4011 0.1670 NA 0.1230 NA
84 168 4030 0.2400 Yes 0.1654 0.1670 0.1102
96 192 6016 0.2400 Yes 0.1850 0.1670 0.1102
96 256 8021 0.2400 Yes 0.1850 0.1670 0.1102
96 320 10026 0.2400 Yes 0.1850 0.1670 0.1102
96 384 12032 0.2400 Yes 0.1850 0.1670 0.1102
108 256 10152 0.2400 Yes 0.2047 0.1670 0.1102
108 300 11896 0.2400 Yes 0.2047 0.1670 0.1102
120 306 14981 0.2400 Yes 0.2409 0.1670 0.1496
120 408 19974 0.2400 Yes 0.2409 0.1670 0.1496
132 252 14928 0.2400 Yes 0.2606 0.1670 0.1496
132 336 19904 0.2400 Yes 0.2606 0.1670 0.1496
132 420 24880 0.2400 Yes 0.2606 0.1670 0.1496
132 510 30211 0.2400 Yes 0.2606 0.1670 0.1496
144 720 50758 0.3650 NA 0.2400 NA

ULC Secondary
Dia. SI Allowed? Nom. ThickMin. Thick Min. Inches Min. t (mm) Min. t (in)
914 Yes 1.83 1.80 0.0709 2.30 0.0906
1219 Yes 2.44 2.30 0.0906 2.30 0.0906
1626 Yes 3.25 3.30 0.1299 2.80 0.1102
1626 Yes 3.25 3.30 0.1299 2.80 0.1102
1626 Yes 3.25 3.30 0.1299 2.80 0.1102
1626 No 3.25 3.30 0.1299 2.80 0.1102
2134 Yes 4.27 4.20 0.1654 2.80 0.1102
2438 Yes 4.88 4.70 0.1850 2.80 0.1102
2438 Yes 4.88 4.70 0.1850 2.80 0.1102
2438 Yes 4.88 4.70 0.1850 2.80 0.1102
2438 Yes 4.88 4.70 0.1850 2.80 0.1102
2743 Yes 5.49 5.20 0.2047 2.80 0.1102
2743 Yes 5.49 5.20 0.2047 2.80 0.1102
3048 Yes 6.10 6.12 0.2409 3.80 0.1496
3048 Yes 6.10 6.12 0.2409 3.80 0.1496
3353 Yes 6.71 6.62 0.2606 3.80 0.1496
3353 Yes 6.71 6.62 0.2606 3.80 0.1496
3353 Yes 6.71 6.62 0.2606 3.80 0.1496
3353 Yes 6.71 6.62 0.2606 3.80 0.1496
3658 No 7.32 7.12 0.2803 3.80 0.1496

Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 52868 gallon for ULC
Maximum diameter for UL-142 is 144 inches and 157.48 inches for ULC
Maximum length for UL-142 is 6 x diameter and 4 x diameter for ULC
Heads for tank diameters exceeding 72 inches must be 5/16" thick or be braced for UL-142
Uniform Specification Series Vertical Tanks
ULC-S630/UL-142 Aboveground Vertical Storage Tanks

ULC Nominal Thickness Minimum Thickness Secondary Shell


Nominal Capacity Diameter Height Shell t Bottom t Roof t Shell t Bottom t Roof t Nom. t Min. t
15000 2500 3060 5.00 6.00 4.00 4.75 5.75 3.80 3.00 2.80
25000 2500 5100 5.00 6.00 4.00 4.75 5.75 3.80 3.00 2.80
50000 3500 5200 6.00 8.00 4.50 5.75 7.75 4.30 4.50 4.30
60000 3500 6250 6.00 8.00 4.50 5.75 7.75 4.30 4.50 4.30
70000 3500 7300 6.00 8.00 4.50 5.75 7.75 4.30 4.50 4.30
90000 3500 9400 6.00 8.00 4.50 5.75 7.75 4.30 4.50 4.30
125000 4000 10000 7.00 8.00 5.00 6.75 7.75 4.75 4.50 4.30
150000 4000 12000 7.00 8.00 5.00 6.75 7.75 4.75 4.50 4.30
175000 4000 14000 7.00 8.00 5.00 6.75 7.75 4.75 4.50 4.30

Note: Nominal thickness versus minimum thickness is not the same for vertical and horizontal tanks
(6 mm nominal in horizontal has 5.62 minimum while in vertical it would be 5.75)

UL-142 Minimum Thickness Minimum Thickness (ULC) (in) Secondary Shell (in)
Nominal Capacity Diameter Height Shell t Bottom t Roof t Shell t Bottom t Roof t UL-142 ULC
3965 98.4252 120.4724 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.1870 0.2264 0.1496 0.1230 0.1102
6609 98.4252 200.7874 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.1870 0.2264 0.1496 0.1230 0.1102
13217 137.7953 204.7244 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.2264 0.3051 0.1693 0.1230 0.1693
15860 137.7953 246.0630 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.2264 0.3051 0.1693 0.1230 0.1693
18504 137.7953 287.4016 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.2264 0.3051 0.1693 0.1230 0.1693
23791 137.7953 370.0787 .167/.240 0.2400 0.1230 0.2264 0.3051 0.1693 .123/.167 0.1693
33043 157.4803 393.7008 .167/.240 0.2400 0.1230 0.2657 0.3051 0.1870 .123/.167 0.1693
39651 157.4803 472.4409 NA NA NA 0.2657 0.3051 0.1870 NA 0.1693
46260 157.4803 551.1811 NA NA NA 0.2657 0.3051 0.1870 NA 0.1693

All parts of shells more than 25' below top edge must be 0.240" for primary and 0.167" for secondary for UL-142
Maximum tank height is 35' for UL-142
Non-Uniform Specification Series Vertical Tanks
ULC-S630/UL-142 Aboveground Vertical Storage Tanks

ULC Nominal Thickness Minimum Thickness Secondary Shell


Max. Capacity Max. Dia. Shell t Bottom t Roof t Shell t Bottom t Roof t Nom. t Min. t
4000 1500 2.50 3.00 2.50 2.30 2.80 2.30 2.50 2.30
10500 1500 2.50 3.00 2.50 2.30 2.80 2.30 2.50 2.30
30000 2100 4.00 4.50 3.00 3.80 4.30 2.80 3.00 2.80
50000 2500 5.00 6.00 4.00 4.75 5.75 3.80 3.00 2.80
135000 3500 6.00 8.00 4.50 5.75 7.75 4.30 4.50 4.30
175000 4000 7.00 8.00 5.00 6.75 7.75 4.75 4.50 4.30

Note: Nominal thickness versus minimum thickness is not the same for vertical and horizontal tanks
(6 mm nominal in horizontal has 5.62 minimum while in vertical it would be 5.75)

UL-142 Minimum Thickness Minimum Thickness (ULC) (in) Secondary Shell (in)
Max. Capacity Max. Dia. Shell t Bottom t Roof t Shell t Bottom t Roof t UL-142 ULC
1057 59.0551 0.0930 0.0930 0.0930 0.0906 0.1102 0.0906 0.0930 0.0906
2776 59.0551 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.0906 0.1102 0.0906 0.1230 0.0906
7930 82.6772 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.1496 0.1693 0.1102 0.1230 0.1102
13217 98.4252 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.1870 0.2264 0.1496 0.1230 0.1102
35686 137.7953 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.2264 0.3051 0.1693 0.1230 0.1693
46260 157.4803 0.1670 0.2400 0.1230 0.2657 0.3051 0.1870 0.1230 0.1693

All parts of shells more than 25' below top edge must be 0.240" for primary and 0.167" for secondary for UL-142
Maximum tank height is 35' for UL-142
Maximum Diameter is 4000mm for ULC
Maximum height is 4 x diameter for both UL-142 and ULC
Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 46260 for ULC
Rectangular Steel Aboveground Tanks
ULC/ORD-C142.18/UL-142 Aboveground Rectangular Storage Tanks

ULC UL-142
Capacity (L) Shell Min t (inches)
<= 2500 2.36 0.0929 UL-142 specifies material no thinner than 0.093" thick
2500 to 5000 3.42 0.1346 to be used for all tanks. However, they must pass the
> 5000 6.00 0.2362 performance test specified in section 18 which is a
pressure test and a top load test.
ULC specifies that the bottoms be
the same thickness as the shell if
the tanks are elevated off the ground
by at least 150 mm (6") and 6 mm
thick otherwise.
Notes on Rectangular Tank comparison of ULC/ORD-C142.18 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Maximum Capacity 50000 gallons 100000 L (26400 gallons)
Actual Tank Capacity Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 10% more than 2.5%
Pressure Range -0.5 psig to 1.0 psig -300 Pa (-0.04 psig) to 7 kPa (1.01 psig)

Material Grades A36, A569, A635, A167, A240, or a A283-C, A569, A635, CSA G40.21M 230
carbon content of 0.3% or less and G, 304 SS, 316 SS, or any welding
mechanical strength equal to one of the quality carbon or low alloy steelwith a
other steels listed minimum yield strength of 200 mPa
(29000 psi)
Stainless Steel Gives allowable thicknesses which are Makes no distinction between carbon
Thickness thinner than carbon steel. steel and stainless steel thicknesses.
Compartment Bulkheads If made of one piece construction, can be Must be double bulkheads.
single bulkhead. More than one piece
construction must be double bulkheads.

Bulkhead Thickness Not less than 0.093". Thickness is based on the compartment
capacity.
Lifting Lugs Not specified. Required. Design per Figure 8 and
Section 3.10.
Maximum Fitting Size Not specified. Not specified.
Minimum Fitting Spacing Not specified. Not specified.

Couplings and Tank No limitations. Maximum of 6" pipe size above liquid
Flanges level. Maximum of 3" pipe size below
liquid level.
Flanged Fittings Above Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have
Liquid Level are not required. standard weight pipe. Fittings 4" to 10"
pipe size shall have Ex-Hvy pipe or shall
have standard weight pipe with
reinforcing pads. Fittings over 10" shall
have standard weight pipe with
reinforcing pads.

Flanged Fittings Below Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have a
Liquid Level are not required. wall thickness at least equal to the tank
wall thickness. Fittings 4" and greater
shall be minimum standard weight pipe
with reinforcing pads.
Threaded pipe nipples or Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Not allowed.
pipe for butt welding are not required.
Secondary containment Must be in intimate contact. Can be in intimate contact or can be an
shells essentially open (unsealed but
precipitation resistant) steel shell having a
capacity of not less than 110% of the
primary tank.
Notes on Rectangular Tank comparison of ULC/ORD-C142.18 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Manways None required in the draft of the new Each compartment of a compartment
version. tank requires either a manway or an
access opening.
Air testing of primary and Tested at 3 psig minimum and 5 psig Tested at 35 kPa (5 psig).
secondary tanks maximum.
Vacuum test Vacuum test interstice at 13" mercury for Vacuum test interstice at minimum of 81
a minimum of 12 hours. Vacuum not to kPa (24" mercury) for 5 hours with the
vary more than +/- 2" mercury. This test vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa
can be done in place of the pressure test (20" mercury). After this test the
on the secondary tank. interstice with a minimum of 51 kPa (15"
mercury) for 5 days with a drop in
vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65"
mercury). This is in addition to the
pressure test.

Monitoring Device Not required. Vacuum monitoring devices are required


on double wall tanks. They must be
tested for 5 days prior to placing on the
tank and must be in place for the 5 day
tank test.
Shipping with vacuum Not required. All double wall tanks must ship with a
minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
vacuum on the interstice.
Other devices None. A gauge chart and gauge stick shall be
supplied with the tank. Tanks with dished
heads require special gauge charts be
supplied. Tanks equipped with a manual
fill pipe connection at the top of the tank
must ship with spill containment devices.
All tanks are to shipped with an overfill
protection device.

Painting One prime coat required. Not required.


Notes on Rectangular Tank comparison of ULC/ORD-C142.18 and UL-142

1) ULC has a maximum tank capacity of 100000 L (26400 gallons). UL-142 does not specify.
2) ULC allows primary tanks to be enclosed in sealed secondary containment shells with intimate contact or
in essentially open (unsealed but precipitation resistant) steel shells having a capacity of not less than
110% of the primary tank.
3) ULC requires lifting lugs and specifies the design in Figure 8 and section 3.10.
4) ULC specifies all steel shall have a minimum yield strength of 200MPa (29000 psi).
5) ULC specifies that the thickness of compartments tanks shall be based on the capacity of the
compartments.
6) ULC specifies that comparment tanks shall have double bulkheads.
7) UL-142 specifies that primary and secondary tanks be air tested at 3 psig (21 kPa) minimum and 5 psig
(35 kPa) maximum. ULC specifies the test shall be 35 kPa (5 psig).
8) UL-142 has an option to vacuum test the interstice at 13 inches of mercury for a minimum of 12 hours
with vacuum maintained at plus or minus 2 inches of mercury. This can be done instead of the pressure
test. ULC specifies that after the pressure test is completed, the interstice shall be tested at 81 kPa (24
inches of mercury) for 5 hours with the vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa (20 inches of mercury).
After this test the tank shall be tested with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury) held for a
period of 5 consecutive days with a drop of vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65 inches of mercury).

9) ULC requires vacuum monitoring devices on double wall tanks be factory installed. Prior to installing the
monitoring device to the tank, it shall be assembled and pass the 5 day test specified above. It shall then
be attached to the tank for the tank 5 day test and can be used to measure the interstice performance.

10) ULC requires a spill containment device and an overfill protection device be supplied with all tanks
equipped with a manual fill pipe connection at the top of the tank.
11) ULC limits the size of threaded connections located below liquid level to a maximum of 3" pipe size.

12) ULC requires flanged fittings above the liquid level to have pipe wall thickness equal to Ex-Hvy pipe in
sizes from 4" to 10". To use standard weight pipe or for sizes greater than 10" reinforcing pads are
required. UL-142 only requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
13) ULC requires all flanged fittings below liquid level in sizes 4" and greater to be a minimum of standard
weight pipe with reinforcing pads. Fittings less than 4" pipe size do not require reinforcing pads.
However, their wall thickness shall be equal to or greater than the tank wall thickness. UL-142 only
requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
14) It appears that ULC only allows threaded couplings and 150# flanged fittings. Externally threaded pipe
and butt welded pipe connections do not appear to be allowed.
15) ULC requires a manway be installed in each compartment of a compartment tank or an access opening
be cut in each compartment and a cover plate welded in place. UL-142 requires a manway in all tanks
exceeding 5000 gallon capacity.(UL-142 requirement is deleted in new draft.)
16) UL-142 defines an atmospheric tank as one that has been designed to operate at pressures from
atmospheric through 0.5 psig (3.4 kPa). ULC defines non-pressure tanks as one that is normally vented
to the atmosphere and is not intended to accommodate internal pressures at the top greater than 7 kPa
(1.01 psig) nor internal vacuum greater than 300 Pa (0.09 inches of mercury). (UL-142 definition is
changed in the new draft.)
17) UL-142 requires a prime coat of paint. ULC does not.
Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Maximum Diameter 144" 4000 mm (157.48")
Maximum Length 6 times diameter 4 times diameter
Maximum Capacity 50000 gallons 200000 L (52868 gallons)
Actual Tank Capacity Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 10% more than 2.5%
Pressure Range -0.5 psig to 1.0 psig -300 Pa (-0.04 psig) to 7 kPa (1.01 psig)

Material Grades A36, A569, A635, A167, A240, or a A283-C, A569, A635, CSA G40.21M 230
carbon content of 0.3% or less and G, 304 SS, 316 SS, or any welding
mechanical strength equal to one of the quality carbon or low alloy steelwith a
other steels listed minimum yield strength of 200 mPa
(29000 psi)
Stainless Steel Gives allowable thicknesses which are Makes no distinction between carbon
Thickness thinner than carbon steel. steel and stainless steel thicknesses.
Head Construction Maximum of 3 pieces for diameters 48" to Maximum of 3 pieces.
96". Maximum of 4 pieces for diameters
97" to 144".
Flat Flanged Heads Flange depth is to be 5 times the head Flange depth is to be 6 times the head
thickness but not less than 1/2". Inside thickness and not less than 25 mm (1")
knuckle radius at least equal to 1.5 times for tanks over 1300 mm (51") in diameter
the head thickness. and not less than 10 mm (0.394") for
tanks 1300 mm and less in diameter.
Inside knuckle radius at least equal to 2
times head thickness.

Flat Unflanged Heads May only be used for bulkheads made of May be used for primary heads with
one piece construction and bracing. bracing and for secondary heads.
Bracing is attached horizontally. May not Bracing is attached vertically. May not be
be used for primary or secondary heads. used for bulkheads.

Compartment Bulkheads If made of one piece construction, can be Must be double bulkheads.
single bulkhead and be either flat flanged
or flat unflanged with bracing. More than
one piece construction must be double
bulkheads.
Bulkhead Thickness Not less than 0.167" for diameters 76" Thickness is based on the tank diameter.
and less and 1/4" for diameters over 76".

Tank Supports Maximum height of 12" unless protected Must be designed in accordance with
with fire resistent material. Can be sound engineering practice. Some
constructed in accordance with Figure guidelines are given in Appendix E.
31.1 and Table 31.1. If so, tanks over 50' Tanks 5000 L (1300 gallons) and less
long must have 3 saddles. May provide may have stabilizing brackets to prevent
other support construction details by rolling.
conducting structrual analysis.

Lifting Lugs Not specified. Required. Design per Figure 2 and


located per Figure 3.
Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Maximum Fitting Size Not specified. 1/2 the tank radius.
Minimum Fitting Spacing Not specified. Minimum distance between the center of
two fittings shall not be less than the sum
of their diameters.
Couplings and Tank No limitations. Maximum of 6" pipe size above liquid
Flanges level. Maximum of 3" pipe size below
liquid level.
Flanged Fittings Above Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have
Liquid Level are not required. standard weight pipe. Fittings 4" to 10"
pipe size shall have Ex-Hvy pipe or shall
have standard weight pipe with
reinforcing pads. Fittings over 10" shall
have standard weight pipe with
reinforcing pads.

Flanged Fittings Below Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have a
Liquid Level are not required. wall thickness at least equal to the tank
wall thickness. Fittings 4" and greater
shall be minimum standard weight pipe
with reinforcing pads.
Threaded pipe nipples or Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Not allowed.
pipe for butt welding are not required.
Secondary containment Allows for shells if standoffs are used. Not allowed.
shells not in intimate Allows for heads if the secondary heads
contact with primary tank meet the same requirements as the
primary heads. Shells with intimate
contact may extend past the end of the
primary tank up to 12". (If over 12" the
thickness must meet requirement of the
primary tank.)

Manways None required in the draft of the new Each compartment of a compartment
version. tank requires either a manway or an
access opening.
Air testing of primary and Tested at 3 psig minimum and 5 psig Tested at 30 kPa (4.5 psig) minimum and
secondary tanks maximum. 35 kPa (5 psig) maximum for tanks 1750
mm (69") diameter and less.

Tested at 20 kPa (2.9 psig) minimum and


30 kPa (4.5 psig) maximum for tanks
1750 mm (69") to 3000 mm (118")
diameter.
Tested at 10 kPa (1.5 psig) minimum and
20 kPa (2.9 psig) maximum for tanks
3000 mm (118") to 4000 mm (157.48")
diameter.
Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Vacuum test Vacuum test interstice at 13" mercury for Vacuum test interstice at minimum of 51
a minimum of 12 hours. Vacuum not to kPa (15" mercury) for 5 days with a drop
vary more than +/- 2" mercury. This test in vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65"
can be done in place of the pressure test mercury). This is in addition to the
on the secondary tank. pressure test.
Monitoring Device Not required. Vacuum monitoring devices are required
on double wall tanks. They must be
tested for 5 days prior to placing on the
tank and must be in place for the 5 day
tank test.
Shipping with vacuum Not required. All double wall tanks must ship with a
minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
vacuum on the interstice.
Other devices None. A gauge chart and gauge stick shall be
supplied with the tank. Tanks with dished
heads require special gauge charts be
supplied. Tanks equipped with a manual
fill pipe connection at the top of the tank
must ship with spill containment devices.

Painting One prime coat required. Not required.


Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142

1) Maximum Diameter is 4000mm (157.48") for ULC. UL-142 has a maximum of 144".
2) Maximum length is 4 x diameter for ULC and 6 x diameter for UL-142.
3) Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 52868 gallon (200000 L) for ULC.
4) Per UL-142 flat flanged heads greater than 72 inch diameter shall be either 5/16" thick or shall be
braced.
5) Per UL-142 the actual tank capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by 10%. Per ULC the actual
capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by only 2.5%.
6) ULC requires lifting lugs and specifies the design in Figure 2. Figure 3 specifies the location of the lifting
lugs.
7) ULC specifies all steel shall have a minimum yield strength of 200MPa (29000 psi).
8) ULC specifies the minimum distance between the center of two fittings shall not be less than the sum of
their diameters.
9) ULC specifies the maximum size of any connection shall not be greater than 1/2 the tank radius.
10) ULC specifies that tank supports shall be designed in conformance with sound engineering practice. It
then gives some guidelines in Appendix E. Tanks 5000 L (1300 gallons) may have stabilizing brackets to
prevent rolling.
11) UL-142 specifies that primary and secondary tanks be air tested at 3 psig (21 kPa) minimum and 5 psig
(35 kPa) maximum. ULC specifies the minimum shall be 30 kPa (4-1/2 psig) and a maximum of 35 kPa
(5 psig) for tanks 1750 mm (69") in diameter and less. For tanks from 1750 mm to 3000 mm (118") in
diameter the minimum is 20 kPa (2.9 psig) and maximum of 30 kPa. From 3000 mm to 4000 mm
(157.48") in diameter the minimum is 10 kPa (1-1/2 psig) and maximum of 20 kPa.

12) UL-142 has an option to vacuum test the interstice at 13 inches of mercury for a minimum of 12 hours
with vacuum maintained at plus or minus 2 inches of mercury. This can be done instead of the pressure
test. ULC specifies that after the pressure test is completed, the interstice shall be tested with a
minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury) held for a period of 5 consecutive days with a drop of
vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65 inches of mercury). (This is different than the vertical tanks.)

13) ULC requires vacuum monitoring devices on double wall tanks be factory installed. Prior to installing the
monitoring device to the tank, it shall be assembled and pass the 5 day test specified above. It shall then
be attached to the tank for the tank 5 day test and can be used to measure the interstice performance.

14) ULC requires all double wall tanks be shipped with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury).

15) ULC requires a spill containment device be supplied with all tanks equipped with a manual fill pipe
connection at the top of the tank.
16) ULC requires all compartment tanks be made using double bulkheads only. UL-142 allows single
bulkheads if they are of one piece construction.
17) ULC requires a manway be installed in each compartment of a compartment tank or an access opening
be cut in each compartment and a cover plate welded in place per Appendix C. UL-142 requires a
manway in every tank or compartment that exceeds 5000 gallons. (This requirement is removed in the
new draft.)
18) ULC specifies that heads cannot be fabricated from more than 3 pieces. UL-142 allows 4 pieces on
heads 97 inches to 144 inches in diameter.
19) UL-142 specifies the flange depth on flat flanged heads to be 5 times the head thickness, but not less
than 1/2". ULC specifies it as being 6 times the head thickness, but not less than 25 mm (1 inch). For
tanks up to 1300 mm (51 inches) diameter the straight flange is 6 times the head thickness but not less
than 10 mm (0.394 inches).
Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142

20) ULC limits the size of threaded connections located below liquid level to a maximum of 3" pipe size.

21) ULC requires flanged fittings above the liquid level to have pipe wall thickness equal to Ex-Hvy pipe in
sizes from 4" to 10". To use standard weight pipe or for sizes greater than 10" reinforcing pads are
required. UL-142 only requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
22) ULC requires all flanged fittings below liquid level in sizes 4" and greater to be a minimum of standard
weight pipe with reinforcing pads. Fittings less than 4" pipe size do not require reinforcing pads.
However, their wall thickness shall be equal to or greater than the tank wall thickness. UL-142 only
requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
23) It appears that ULC only allows threaded couplings and 150# flanged fittings. Externally threaded pipe
and butt welded pipe connections do not appear to be allowed.
24) UL-142 allows thinner material to be used if it is stainless steel. ULC does not.
25) UL-142 defines an atmospheric tank as one that has been designed to operate at pressures from -0.5
psig (3.4 kPa) through 1.0 psig (6.8 kPa). ULC defines non-pressure tanks as one that is normally
vented to the atmosphere and is not intended to accommodate internal pressures at the top greater than
7 kPa (1.01 psig) nor internal vacuum greater than 300 Pa (0.04 psig).
26) ULC allows flat unflanged heads with bracing to be used for heads but not bulkheads. UL-142 allows flat
unflanged heads with bracing to be used for bulkheads but not for heads.
27) Bulkhead thicknesses per ULC is based on the tank diameter. Per UL-142 bulkheads shall not be less
than 0.167" thick for diameters 76" and less and shall be 1/4" for diameters over 76".
28) ULC bracing for flat unflanged heads are attached vertically. UL-142 bracing for unflanged bulkheads
are attached horizontally.
29) ULC specifies that the tank manufacturer must supply a special capacity chart if the tank is not built with
flat heads.
30) The secondary tank per UL-142 does not have to be in intimate contact with the primary tank as long as
standoffs per Figure 21.1 are used. ULC requires intimate contact of the primary and secondary tank.

31) UL-142 allows the shell of the secondary tank to extend past the primary tank. The secondary heads
must then meet the same requirements as the primary heads. If the shell extends more than 12" past
the primary tank, the secondary shell thickness must meet the same requirements as the primary shell.
ULC does not allow this type of secondary shell extension.
32) ULC allows flat unflanged heads for use as secondary heads. UL-142 does not.
33) UL-142 requires a prime coat of paint. ULC does not.
Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Maximum Diameter None 4000 mm (157.48")
Maximum Height 4 times diameter with a maximum of 35' 4 times diameter

Maximum Capacity 50000 gallons 175000 L (46260 gallons)


Actual Tank Capacity Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 10% more than 2.5%
Pressure Range -0.5 psig to 1.0 psig Appendix A gives the maximum wind
velocity and seismic zones for
unanchored tanks. It also give maximum
snow loads for roofs and maximum
internal pressures. Maximum internal
pressure ranges from 1 kPa (0.145 psig)
to 9.4 kPa (1.36 psig). All are dependent
upon tank diameter and height.

Material Grades A36, A569, A635, A167, A240, or a A283-C, A569, A635, CSA G40.21M 230
carbon content of 0.3% or less and G, 304 SS, 316 SS, or any welding
mechanical strength equal to one of the quality carbon or low alloy steelwith a
other steels listed minimum yield strength of 200 mPa
(29000 psi)
Stainless Steel Gives allowable thicknesses which are Makes no distinction between carbon
Thickness thinner than carbon steel. steel and stainless steel thicknesses.
Head Construction Maximum of 3 pieces for diameters 48" to Maximum of 4 pieces.
96". Maximum of 4 pieces for diameters
97" to 144".
Flat Flanged Heads Flange depth is to be 5 times the head Flange depth is to be 6 times the head
thickness but not less than 1/2". Inside thickness and not less than 25 mm (1").
knuckle radius at least equal to 1.5 times Inside knuckle radius at least equal to 2
the head thickness. times the head thickness.
Cone Roof Heights Tank Radius/6 for roofs less than 0.167" Tank diameter/10.
thick. Tank radius/12 for roofs 0.167"
thick or thicker.
Thickness of shell more 0.240" for primary tank. 0.167" for No additional requirements.
than 25' below top edge secondary tank.
Tank Supports Not specified. If anchor devices are required they must
be attached to the primary tank only.

Lifting Lugs Not specified. Required. Design per Figure 2. If tailing


lugs are required they are per Figure 2.

Maximum Fitting Size Not specified. 1/2 the tank radius.


Minimum Fitting Spacing Not specified. Minimum distance between the center of
two fittings shall not be less than the sum
of their diameters.
Couplings and Tank No limitations. Maximum of 6" pipe size above liquid
Flanges level. Maximum of 3" pipe size below
liquid level.
Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Flanged Fittings Above Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads
Liquid Level are not required. are not required.
Flanged Fittings Below Schedule 40 pipe up to 12". Reinforcing Standard weight pipe for fittings in single
Liquid Level pads are not required. wall tanks. For double wall tanks the
minimum wall thickness is the thickness
of the primary tank shell. No reinforcing
pads are required.
Threaded pipe nipples or Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads Not allowed.
pipe for butt welding are not required.
Secondary containment Allows for shells not in direct contact with Not allowed.
shells not in intimate the primary tank as long as they have a
contact with primary tank means to securely position the primary
tank within the secondary containment
shell.
Manways None required in the draft of the new None required.
version.
Air testing of primary and Tested at 1-1/2 psig minimum and 2-1/2 Tested at 30 kPa (4.5 psig) minimum and
secondary tanks psig maximum. 35 kPa (5 psig) maximum for tanks 1750
mm (69") diameter and less.

Tested at 20 kPa (2.9 psig) minimum and


30 kPa (4.5 psig) maximum for tanks
1750 mm (69") to 3000 mm (118")
diameter.
Tested at 10 kPa (1.5 psig) minimum and
20 kPa (2.9 psig) maximum for tanks
3000 mm (118") to 4000 mm (157.48")
diameter.
Vacuum test Vacuum test interstice at 13" mercury for Vacuum test interstice at minimum of 81
a minimum of 12 hours. Vacuum not to kPa (24" mercury) for 5 hours with the
vary more than +/- 2" mercury. This test vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa
can be done in place of the pressure test (20" mercury). After this test the
on the secondary tank. interstice with a minimum of 51 kPa (15"
mercury) for 5 days with a drop in
vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65"
mercury). This is in addition to the
pressure test.

Monitoring Device Not required. Vacuum monitoring devices are required


on double wall tanks. They must be
tested for 5 days prior to placing on the
tank and must be in place for the 5 day
tank test.
Shipping with vacuum Not required. All double wall tanks must ship with a
minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
vacuum on the interstice.
Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Other devices None. A gauge chart and gauge stick shall be
supplied with the tank. Tanks equipped
with a fill pipe connection at the top of the
tank must ship with spill containment and
overspill protection devices.

Uniform Specification No specifications. Must be fabricated to the design in Figure


Tanks 1. This specifies fitting sizes and
locations.
Weak shell-to-roof Allowed if meets the requirements of Not allowed.
paragraph 15.5.2 thru 15.5.6.
Painting One primer coat is required. None required. (If tank is coated,
recommends the bottom surface of the
tank not be coated if the tank is intended
to be in direct contact with grade without
integral cathodic protection.)

Rim Angle (if used) Only specifed for weak shell-to-roof. 35 mm x 35 mm x 6 mm (1.38" x 1.38" x
0.236") for tanks up to and including 1500
mm (59") diameter. 55 mm x 55 mm x 6
mm (2.17" x 2.17" x 0.236") for tanks over
1500 mm diameter.
Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142

1) All parts of shells more than 25' below top edge must be 0.240" for primary and 0.167" for secondary for
UL-142.
2) Maximum tank height is 35' for UL-142.
3) Maximum Diameter is 4000mm (157.48") for ULC. UL-142 has no maximum.
4) Maximum height is 4 x diameter for both UL-142 and ULC.
5) Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 46260 gallons (175000 L) for ULC.
6) Per UL-142 the cone height is radius/6 for roofs made of less than 0.167" steel and radius/12 for roofs
made of 0.167" or thicker steel. ULC is diameter/10 for all thicknesses.
7) Per UL-142 the actual tank capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by 10%. Per ULC the actual
capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by only 2.5%.
8) ULC requires lifting lugs and specifies the design in Figure 2. If tailing lugs are required (they do not
speciy when they are required) they shall be Figure 2.
9) ULC specifies all steel shall have a minimum yield strength of 200MPa (29000 psi).
10) ULC specifies the minimum distance between the center of two fittings shall not be less than the sum of
their diameters.
11) ULC specifies the maximum size of any connection shall not be greater than 1/2 the tank radius.
12) ULC includes a non-mandatory appendix (Appendix A) which gives the maximum wind velocity and
maximum seismic zones for unachored tanks. It also gives maximum snow loads for roofs. Although they
say it is non-mandatory, they also state that the stability of unanchored tanks whould be verified with the
data contained in Appendix A.
13) ULC specifies that anchor devices must be attached to the primary tank only.
14) UL-142 specifies that primary and secondary tanks be air tested at 1-1/2 psig (10 kPa) minimum and 2-
1/2 psig (17 kPa) maximum. ULC specifies the minimum shall be 30 kPa (4-1/2 psig) and a maximum of
35 kPa (5 psig) for tans 1750 mm (69") in diameter and less. For tanks from 1750 mm to 3000 mm (118")
in diameter the minimum is 20 kPa (2.9 psig) and maximum of 30 kPa. From 3000 mm to 4000 mm
(157.48") in diameter the minimum is 10 kPa (1-1/2 psig) and maximum of 20 kPa.

15) UL-142 has an option to vacuum test the interstice at 13 inches of mercury for a minimum of 12 hours
with vacuum maintained at plus or minus 2 inches of mercury. This can be done instead of the pressure
test. ULC specifies that after the pressure test is completed, the interstice shall be tested at 81 kPa (24
inches of mercury) for 5 hours with the vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa (20 inches of mercury).
After this test the tank shall be tested with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury) held for a
period of 5 consecutive days with a drop of vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65 inches of mercury).

16) ULC requires vacuum monitoring devices on double wall tanks be factory installed. Prior to installing the
monitoring device to the tank, it shall be assembled and pass the 5 day test specified above. It shall then
be attached to the tank for the tank 5 day test and can be used to measure the interstice performance.

17) ULC requires all double wall tanks be shipped with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury).

18) ULC requires a spill containment device and an overfill protection device be supplied with all tanks
equipped with a fill pipe connection at the top of the tank.
19) Per ULC all uniform specification tanks shall be fabricated to the design in Figure 1. This specifies fitting
sizes and locations.
20) UL-142 specifies the flange depth on flat flanged heads to be 5 times the head thickness, but not less
than 1/2". ULC specifies it as being 6 times the head thickness, but not less than 25 mm (1 inch).
Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142

21) ULC limits the size of threaded connections located below liquid level to a maximum of 3" pipe size.

22) ULC specifies that flanged connections below liquid level can be made from standard weight pipe without
any reinforcing pads. UL-142 specifies standard weight pipe for fittings in the roof and ex-hvy pipe for
fittings in the shell. This is different than on horizontal tanks. (The new draft changes this to Sch 40
pipe).
23) It appears that ULC only allows threaded couplings and 150# flanged fittings. Externally threaded pipe
and butt welded pipe connections do not appear to be allowed.
24) UL-142 allows thinner material to be used if it is stainless steel. ULC does not.
25) UL-142 requires a manway in all tanks exceeding 5000 gallon capacity. ULC does not require a manway.
(UL-142 deletes this requirement in the new draft.)
26) UL-142 defines an atmospheric tank as one that has been designed to operate at pressures from
atmospheric through 0.5 psig (3.4 kPa). ULC has a range on the allowable internal pressure from 1.0
kPa (0.145 psig) to 9.4 kPa (1.36 psig) depending upon the tank height and diameter. The values are
listed in table A2 and are for unanchored tanks.
27) Weak shell-to-roof is allowed by UL-142 but not by ULC.
28) One coat of primer is required by UL-142. None is required by ULC.
29) Size of rim angle is specifed by ULC but not by UL-142 except for weak shell-to-roof.
Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Sizes 24" to 36" (The new draft removes Minimum 600 mm (24") diameter.
anything under 24".)
Other types Reverse flanged manways allowed on the Allows other types as long as they are
top of the tank. designed by a Registered Professional
Engineer. Manways must have
reinforcing pads.
Limitations None. Design 9.1 is allowed on tanks up to
50000 L (13000 gallons). Design 9.2 is
required on all tanks larger than 50000 L.

Reinforcing Pads Not required. Required on all manways in tanks or


compartments larger than 50000 L.
Required for all manways installed on a
head of tanks 3000 mm (118") diameter
and larger.
Machining Not required. Required on all flanges and covers of
manways located below the liquid level.
24" Manway Dimensions 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" Design 9.1: 750 mm (29.5") OD with (24)
BC. Minimum material thickness is M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") BC.
0.167". Full face or ring gaskets may be Flange and cover are 10 mm (0.394")
used. thick and the neck is 16 mm (0.63") thick.
The neck protrudes through the flange
and must be machined. Ring gasket is
required.

Design 9.2: 830 mm (32.68") OD with


(28) M20 (0.79") bolts on a 770 mm
(30.32") BC. Flange and cover are 9.5
mm (0.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm
(0.24") thick. Full face gasket is required.

A manway made of 6 mm (0.24") thick


material with the neck and flange formed
as one piece with dimensions the same
as Design 9.2 may be used above liquid
only.
Projections 2 times neck thickness minimum. 2" 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- 0.394") for
minimum for tanks 72" in diameter and manways on the top of the tank.
larger.
80 mm +/- 10 mm (3.15" =/- 0.394") for
manways below the liquid level.
Long Bolt Manway Same as manway. 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight
Covers flange of 30 mm +/- 5 mm (1.18" +/-
0.197").
Long Bolt Manway Bolts 1/2 of the number normally installed in 3 required seal welded to the cover with
the manway. double lock nuts.
Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Lift on Long Bolt Minimum 1-1/2". Minimum 45 mm (1.77") between the
Manway face of the flange and the bottom of the
lip on the cover.
Comparison of Manways
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

1) Per UL-142, manways in sizes from 16" to 36" may be used. Manways for ULC tanks must be a
minimum of 600 mm (24") diameter. (UL-142 draft deletes manways under 24".)
2) For manways installed on the top of the tank, UL-142 allows a reverse flanged manway. ULC does not
have this as part of their listing.
3) 24" manways per UL-142 are 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" bolt circle. All material is 0.167"
minimum thickness. Per ULC, there are two different designs.
ULC design no. 9.1 is 750 mm(29.5") OD with (24) M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") bolt circle. The
flange and cover are 10 mm (.394") thick and the neck is 16 mm (.63") thick. The neck protrudes through
the flange and has to be machined. The gasket is a ring gasket.
ULC design no. 9.2 is 830 mm (32.68") diameter with (28) M20 (.79") diameter bolts on a 770 mm
(30.32" bolt circle. The flange and cover are 9.5 mm (.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm (.24") thick. The
gasket is a full face gasket.
4) ULC design no. 9.1 is allowed on tanks up to 50000 L (13000 gallon) capacity. Design 9.2 is required on
all tanks larger than 50000 L.
5) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways in tanks or compartments greater than 50000
L (13000 gallon).
6) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways located on the tank head for tanks 3000 mm
(118") in diameter and greater.
7)
ULC requires machining of all flanges and covers of manways that are located below the liquid level.
8) ULC allows a manway made of 6 mm (.24") thick material that has the flange and neck formed as one
piece to be used only above the high liquid level. The dimensions are the same as design 9.2.
9) ULC allows other manways as long as they are designed by a Registered Professional Engineer and the
manway must have a reinforcing pad.
10) UL-142 gives a minimum projection of 2" for tanks 72" in diameter and larger. ULC requires a projection
of 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- .394") for manways on the top of a tank and 80 mm +/- 10 (3.15" =/- .
394") for manways below the highest liquid level.
11) ULC allows a long bolt manway for emergency venting. The manway dimensions must meet the
requirements of design 9.1 or 9.2. The cover is to be 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight flange 30 mm
+/- 5 (1.18" +/- 0.197") long. It uses 3 bolts seal welded to the cover and double lock nuts.
12) UL-142 long bolt manways are required to have 1/2 of the normal bolts installed in the manway.
13) ULC requires long bolt manway covers to have an open space of 45 mm (1.77") minimum between the
manway flange and the bottom lip of the manway cover.
Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Sizes 24" to 36" diameter. (The new draft Minimum 500 mm (20") diameter for roof
removes anything under 24".) manways. Minimum 600 mm (24")
diameter for shell manways.
Other types Reverse flanged manways allowed on the Allows other types as long as they are
roof or shell of the tank. designed by a Registered Professional
Engineer. Reinforcing pads are required.

Limitations None. Design 8.2 is allowed on tanks up to


50000 L (13000 gallons). Design 8.3 is
required on all tanks larger than 50000 L.
Roof manways must have welded joints
for flange to neck (integral flange and
neck are not allowed).
Reinforcing Pads Not required. Required on all manways in the shell of
tanks larger than 50000 L.
Machining Not required. Required on all flanges and covers of
manways located below the liquid level.
Dimensions for 24" Per draft, 32-3/4" OD with (28) 3/4" bolts Design 8.2: 750 mm (29.5") OD with (24)
manway in shell. on 30-1/4" BC. Neck thickness is the M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") BC.
same as the shell. Cover thickness Flange and cover are 10 mm (0.394")
varies from 3/8" to 1/2" and the flange thick and the neck is 16 mm (0.63") thick.
from 1/4" to 3/8" depending upon the tank The neck protrudes through the flange
height. and must be machined. Ring gasket is
required.

Design 8.3: 830 mm (32.68") OD with


(28) M20 (0.79") bolts on a 770 mm
(30.32") BC. Flange and cover are 9.5
mm (0.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm
(0.24") thick. Full face gasket is required.

Roof Manway (20" manway is not in the new draft.) For Design 8.1: 620 mm (24.41") OD with
Dimensions 24" manway the dimensions are 28-1/2" (20) M12 (1/2") bolts on a 580 mm
OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" BC. (22.84") BC. All material is 6 mm (0.24")
Minimum material thickness is 0.167". thick.
Full face or ring gaskets may be used.

Roof Manway Projection 6" 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- 0.394") for
manways on the top of the tank.
Shell Manway 2 times neck thickness minimum. 2" 80 mm +/- 10 mm (3.15" =/- 0.394") for
Projections minimum for tanks 72" in diameter and manways below the liquid level.
larger.
Long Bolt Manway Same as roof manway. 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight
Covers flange of 30 mm +/- 5 mm (1.18" +/-
0.197").
Long Bolt Manway Bolts 1/2 of the number normally installed in 3 required seal welded to the cover with
the manway. double lock nuts.
Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Lift on Long Bolt Minimum 1-1/2". Minimum 58 mm (2.28") between the
Manway face of the flange and the bottom of the
lip on the cover for manways with 600
mm inside diameter.
Minimum 64 mm (2.52") between the
face of the flange and the bottom of the
lip on the cover for manways with 500
mm inside diameter.
Comparison of Manways
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

1) Per UL-142, manways in sizes from 16" to 36" may be used for manways. (UL-142 draft deletes all
manways less than 24"). Manways for ULC tanks must be a minimum of 500 mm (20") diameter for roof
manways and must be a minimum of 600 mm (24") diameter.
2) For manways installed on the roof of the tank, UL-142 allows a reverse flanged manway. ULC does not
have this as part of their listing. (UL-142 draft allows reverse flanged manway on the roof or shell of the
tank.)
3) 20" roof manways per UL-142 are 24-1/2" OD with (20) 1/2" bolts on a 23" bolt circle. All material is
0.167" minimum thickness. Per ULC, the roof manway must be 620 mm +/- 10 (24.41" +/- 0.394") OD
with (20) M12 (1/2") diameter bolts on 580 mm +/- 5 (22.84" +/- 0.197") bolt circle. All material is 6 mm
(0.24"). (UL-142 draft does not allow 20" manway.)
4) ULC requires roof manway neck to flange be welded. They do not indicate that a intergal formed neck is
allowed.
5) On roof manways, UL-142 shows a projection of 6". ULC shows a projection of 180 mm +/- 10 (7.09" +/-
0.394").
6) 24" manways for below liquid per UL-142 are 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" bolt circle. Neck
material is 0.167" minimum thickness. (The UL-142 draft changes this to match Table 9.4). Flange and
cover thickness depends upon the height of the tank and is per Table 9.3. The cover thickness will range
from 3/8" to 1/2" thick and the flange thickness will range from 1/4" to 3/8" thick. Per ULC, there are two
different designs.
ULC design no. 8.2 is 750 mm(29.5") OD with (24) M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") bolt circle. The
flange and cover are 10 mm (.394") thick and the neck is 16 mm (.63") thick. The neck protrudes through
the flange and has to be machined. The gasket is a ring gasket.
ULC design no. 8.3 is 830 mm (32.68") diameter with (28) M20 (.79") diameter bolts on a 770 mm
(30.32" bolt circle. The flange and cover are 9.5 mm (.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm (.24") thick. The
gasket is a full face gasket.
7) ULC design no. 8.2 is allowed on tanks up to 50000 L (13000 gallon) capacity. Design 8.3 is required on
all tanks larger than 50000 L.
8) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways in tanks greater than 50000 L (13000 gallon).

9) ULC requires machining of all flanges and covers of manways that are located below the liquid level.

10) ULC allows a manway made of 6 mm (.24") thick material that has the flange and neck formed as one
piece to be used only above the high liquid level. The dimensions are the same as design 8.3.
11) ULC allows other manways as long as they are designed by a Registered Professional Engineer and the
manway must have a reinforcing pad.
12) UL-142 gives a minimum projection of 2" for tanks 72" in diameter and larger. ULC requires a projection
of 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- .394") for manways on the top of a tank and 80 mm +/- 10 (3.15" =/- .
394") for manways below the highest liquid level.
13) ULC allows a long bolt manway for emergency venting. The manway dimensions must meet the
requirements of design 8.1, 8.2 or 8.3. The cover is to be 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight flange 30
mm +/- 5 (1.18" +/- 0.197") long. It uses 3 bolts seal welded to the cover and double lock nuts.

14) UL-142 long bolt manways are required to have 1/2 of the normal bolts installed in the manway.
15) UL-142 has a requirement that if the manway is larger than 24" diameter and is below liquid it is to have
the dimensions and bolting per table 9.4 in addition to the thicknesses of table 9.3.
16) ULC requires long bolt manway covers to have an open space of 58 mm (2.28") minimum between the
manway flange and the bottom lip of the manway cover for manways with 600 mm inside diameter and
an open space of 64 mm (2.52") minimum with 500 mm inside diameter manways.
Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

Item UL-142 ULC-S601


Sizes 24" to 36" (The new draft removes Minimum 500 mm (20") diameter.
anything under 24".) (However, paragraph 3.8.1 says it shall
be in accordance with Figure 5 which
calls for 600 mm (24").)
Other types Reverse flanged manways allowed on the No other design allowed.
top of the tank.
Limitations None. Allows only design 5.1.
Reinforcing Pads Not required. Required on all manways in tanks larger
than 50000 L. Required for all manways
installed on the side of the tank.

Machining Not required. Required on all manways of Design 5.1.

24" Manway Dimensions 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" Design 5.1: 750 mm (29.5") OD with (24)
BC. Minimum material thickness is M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") BC.
0.167". Full face or ring gaskets may be Flange and cover are 10 mm (0.394")
used. thick and the neck is 16 mm (0.63") thick.
The neck protrudes through the flange
and must be machined. Ring gasket is
required.

Projections 2 times neck thickness minimum. 2" 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- 0.394") for
minimum for tanks 72" in diameter and manways on the top of the tank.
larger.
80 mm +/- 10 mm (3.15" =/- 0.394") for
manways below the liquid level.
Long Bolt Manway Same as manway. 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight
Covers flange of 30 mm +/- 5 mm (1.18" +/-
0.197").
Long Bolt Manway Bolts 1/2 of the number normally installed in 3 required seal welded to the cover with
the manway. double lock nuts.
Lift on Long Bolt Minimum 1-1/2". Minimum 100 mm (3.94") between the
Manway face of the flange and the bottom of the
lip on the cover.
Comparison of Manways
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

1) Per UL-142, manways in sizes from 16" to 36" may be used. (UL-142 draft deletes all manways less
than 24") Manways for ULC tanks must be a minimum of 600 mm (24") diameter. (Paragraph 3.8.3 of
ULC says the inside diameter shall be greater than 500 mm. However, paragraph 3.8.1 says it shall be in
accordance with Figure 5 which calls for 600 mm.)
2) For manways installed on the top of the tank, UL-142 allows a reverse flanged manway. ULC does not
have this as part of their listing.
3) 24" manways per UL-142 are 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" bolt circle. All material is 0.167"
minimum thickness. Per ULC, there is only one design that is acceptable. This is different than in the
horizontal specification.
ULC design no. 5.1 is 750 mm(29.5") OD with (24) M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") bolt circle. The
flange and cover are 10 mm (.394") thick and the neck is 16 mm (.63") thick. The neck protrudes through
the flange and has to be machined. The gasket is a ring gasket.
4) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways in tanks greater than 50000 L (13000 gallon).
(The horizontal specification also says this applies to compartments greater than 50000 L. The
rectangular specification only mentions tank capacities exceeding 50000 L.)
5) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways located on the tank sides.
6) The ULC rectangular specification does not allow for any other manway. This is different than for the
ULC horizontal tanks where ULC allows other manways as long as they are designed by a Registered
Professional Engineer and the manway must have a reinforcing pad.
7) UL-142 gives a minimum projection of 2" for tanks 72" in diameter and larger. ULC requires a projection
of 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- .394") for manways on the top of a tank and 80 mm +/- 10 (3.15" =/- .
394") for manways on the side of the tank.
11) ULC allows a long bolt manway for emergency venting. The manway dimensions must meet the
requirements of design 5.1. The cover is to be 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight flange 30 mm +/- 5
(1.18" +/- 0.197") long. It uses 3 bolts seal welded to the cover and double lock nuts.
12) UL-142 long bolt manways are required to have 1/2 of the normal bolts installed in the manway.
13) ULC requires long bolt manway covers to have an open space of 100 mm (3.94") minimum between the
manway flange and the bottom lip of the manway cover. This is over twice as much as is required for
horizontal tanks and almost twice as much as is required for vertical tanks.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

Shell Joints of Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 6.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 5 ULC limitations
No. 2 None S5.1 Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177")
No. 1 None S5.2 None
No. 2 None S5.3 None
No. 4 Minimum lap is 1/2". S5.4 (see Note 1)
No. 6 Maximum diameter = 65". Minimum overlap = 1/2" S5.5 Maximum diameter = 2500 mm (98.4") and maximum
for tanks 48" in diameter and less and 3/4" for thickness = 7 mm (0.276"). Minimum overlap = 12 mm
tanks over 48" diameter. (0.473"). For longitudinal joints this joint must be
located within 135 degrees of top centerline (if saddles
are on the tank this joint shall be within 115 degrees of
top centerline). (see also Note 1) (Note 1 does not apply
to longitudinal seams if the inside lap is positioned down
in order to permit liquid to run out of the joint)

No. 3 Minimum overlap is 1/2" for tanks 48" in diameter S5.6 Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.473"). Inside can be skip
and less and 3/4" for tanks over 48" diameter. welded 50 mm in 350 mm (2" in 14") or seal welded.
Inside can be skip welded 1" in 12" or seal welded. (see also Note 1)

No. 5 Minimum lock weld is 1/2" diameter spaced no Not allowed.


more than 12" apart. Minimum overlap is 3 times
the lock weld diameter.

Note 1: All tanks 10000 L (2643 gallons) and larger shall have all inside longitudinal joints seal welded. They shall also have seal welding on the inside
bottom circumferential for the following lengths:
Up to 2000 mm (78.74") diameter 1000 mm (39.37")
Over 2000 mm to 2500 mm (98.43") diameter 1250 mm (49.21")
Over 2500 mm to 3000 mm (118.11") diameter 1500 mm (59.06")
Over 3000 mm to 3600 mm (141.73") diameter 1750 mm (68.90")
Over 3600 mm to 4000 mm (157.48") diameter 2000 mm (78.74")
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

Head to Shell Joints of Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 6.2 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 6 ULC limitations
Not allowed (Figure 6.2 does not show any single H6.1 Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
welded joints even if they are full penetration). thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177")

No. 1 & No. 2 None H6.2 None


Not allowed (Figure 6.2 does not show any single H6.3 None
welded joints even if they are full penetration).

No. 7 Minimum overlap is 1/2" H6.4 None


No. 3 & No. 4 Minimum overlap is 1/2" H6.5 Maximum diameter = 2500 mm (98.4") and maximum
thickness = 7 mm (0.276"). Minimum overlap = 12 mm
(0.473"). For tanks up to and including 1300 mm
(51.18") diameter and a maximum shell thickness of 2.5
mm (0.098") the minimum overlap is 8 mm (0.315").
(see also Note 1)
No. 6 Minimum overlap is 1/2". Inside weld can be skip H6.6 Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.473"). Inside can be skip
welded 1" in 12" or be seal welded. welded 50 mm in 350 mm (2" in 14") or seal welded.
(see also Note 1)
Not allowed H6.7 Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177"). Head bracing is required.

Not allowed H6.8 Head bracing is required.


No. 5 Minimum overlap is 1/2" Not allowed
No. 8 Minimum overlap is 1/2" Not allowed
No. 9 & No. 10 None Not allowed
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

Fittings Above the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 7.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 8 ULC limitations
No. 3, 4, 6, & 7 None No. 8.1 & No. 8.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe
No. 2 & 5 None No. 8.3 size)
(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe size)

No. 5 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we No. 8.4 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 168.3 mm (6" pipe
welded on the inside. size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out
or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
No. 8 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we No. 8.5 (Pipe with Flange) Maximum diameter is 273 mm (10"
welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush. pipe size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and
out or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Fillet weld size is equal to the neck thickness. Fitting
cannot be trimmed flush but must extend inside the tank
a minimum of 3 times the neck thickness.

Reinforcing pads are not required. No. 8.6 (Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum
diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness.

No. 1 None Not allowed


Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

Fittings Below the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 7.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 8 ULC limitations
No. 3, 4, 6, & 7 None No. 8.1 & No. 8.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe
size)
No. 2 & 5 None No. 8.3 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size)

No. 5 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we No. 8.4 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size).
welded on the inside. Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out or a
groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
No. 8 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we Not allowed
welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush.
Reinforcing pads are not required. No. 8.6 (Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum
diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness. Fittings less than 114.3 mm (4" pipe
size) shall have a wall thickness equal to or greater than
the shell thickness and do not require reinforcing pads.

No. 1 None Not allowed


Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

Manways installed in the Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 9.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 9 ULC limitations
No matching configuration 9.1 Maximum of 50000 L (13000 gallon) tank. Fillet welds in
and out equal to the shell thickness are required.
Flange is attached to the neck with a groove weld and a
fillet weld both from the underside of the flange. Cannot
be used on the head of a tank.
No. 1,4,5 & Fig. 9.2 Flange can be attached to manway neck with a 9.2 Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or fillet or a double fillet weld. Integrally formed necks are
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed only allowed on manways above the liquid level.
on the top of tank can be installed with a single Reinforcing pad is required and is fillet welded in and
fillet weld on the outside. Manways installed below out to the manway neck. Reinforcing pad is welded on
the liquid level require a fillet weld in and out. No the outside to the tank. Reinforcing pad is welded on
reinforcing pad is required. the inside to the cutout in the shell.

No. 2,3,6,7,8 & 9 Must be installed above liquid. Not allowed

Secondary Containment Tanks:

Attachment of secondary shells for shells with intimate contact is a fillet weld for both UL-142 and ULC. ULC indicates that the shell is to be stitch
welded to the primary tank 50 mm in 500 mm (2" in 20").

Attachment of the double bulkheads is by full fillet welds for both UL-142 and ULC. However, ULC has an option on double wall tanks to double butt
weld the bulkheads to the shell which creates two tanks and then using a connecting ring stitch welded to the tanks to connect them into one. The
secondary shell is then wrapped over this.

ULC (in Figure 12) shows fittings installed in tanks with secondary containment to be fillet welded to the outside of the primary tank. A closing plate is
then placed over the fitting and is fillet welded to the fitting and the outside of the closing plate is fillet welded to the secondary shell. UL-142 does not
show any details for attaching fittings on secondary contained tanks.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Shell Joints of Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 6.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 3 ULC limitations
No. 2 None S3.1 Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 3 mm (0.118")
No. 1 None S3.2 None
No. 2 None S3.3 None
No. 4 Minimum lap is 1/2". S3.4 Open side of the seam must be facing downwards in
order that liquid runs out of the seam.
No. 6 Maximum diameter = 65". Minimum overlap = 1/2" S5.5 Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
for tanks 48" in diameter and less and 3/4" for thickness = 3 mm (0.118"). Minimum overlap = 12 mm
tanks over 48" diameter. (0.473"). Open side of the seam must be facing
downwards in order that liquid runs out of the seam.
No. 3 Minimum overlap is 1/2" for tanks 48" in diameter Not allowed.
and less and 3/4" for tanks over 48" diameter.
Inside can be skip welded 1" in 12" or seal welded.

No. 5 Minimum lock weld is 1/2" diameter spaced no Not allowed.


more than 12" apart. Minimum overlap is 3 times
the lock weld diameter.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Bottom to Shell Joints of Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 6.3 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 4 ULC limitations
Not allowed B4.1 Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59"). The minimum
projection is 25 mm (1").
No. 1 Minimum projection is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is B4.2 The minimum projection is 25 mm (1").
greater.
No. 5 None B4.3 None
Not allowed B4.4 The minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472"). (Bottom head
is offset with a seal weld on the inside.)
No. 2 Minimum overlap is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is B4.5 The minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472").
greater.
No. 3 Minimum overlap is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is Not allowed
greater.
No. 4 Minimum overlap is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is Not allowed
greater.
Splices May use any joint in Figure 6.1 except joint 6 Splices Double butt welding required.
unless made of more than 4 pieces and then it
must be double butt welded.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Roof Joints
UL-142 Figure 6.4 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 5 ULC limitations
Not allowed. (Single welded butt joints with full R5.1 Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
penetration are not shown.) thickness = 3 mm (0.118")
No. 9 None R5.2 None
Not allowed R5.3 None (Straight flange of roof is offset.)
No. 10 Minimum overlap is 1/2". R5.4 Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472")
No. 5 None R5.5 None
No. 3 Inside fillet of angle to shell shall be tack welded. R5.6 Minimum overlap of angle to shell is 12 mm (0.472").
Inside fillet weld of angle to shell is skip welded 50 mm
in 350 mm (2" in 14")
No. 6 None R5.7 None
No. 4 Inside fillet of angle to shell shall be tack welded. R5.8 Minimum overlap of angle to shell is 12 mm (0.472").
Inside fillet weld of angle to shell is skip welded 50 mm
in 350 mm (2" in 14")
Not allowed R5.9 Minimum overlap of angle to shell is 12 mm (0.472").
Inside fillet weld of angle to shell is skip welded 50 mm
in 350 mm (2" in 14")
No. 1 None Not allowed.
No. 2 None Not allowed.
No. 8 None (Shell is offset.) Not allowed.
No. 11 Minimum overlap is 1/2". (Roof is lapped on Not allowed.
outside of shell.)
Splices May use any joint in Figure 6.1 unless made of Splices Double butt welding required.
more than 4 pieces and then it must be double butt
welded.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Fittings in the Roof


UL-142 Figure 7.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 7 ULC limitations
No. 8 & Fig. 7.3 None (Reinforcing pads may be added) No. 7.1 None
No. 5 & Fig. 7.3 None (Reinforcing pads may be added) No. 7.2 None
No. 1,2,3,4,6,7,9 None Not allowed.

Fittings Below the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 7.2 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 6 ULC limitations
Flange None No. 6.1 & No. 6.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe
size)
Not allowed. No. 6.3 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size)

Threaded Type None No. 6.4 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size).
Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out or a
groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Flange without None. Reinforcing plates may be used. No. 6.5 Maximum diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding
Reinforcing Plate required for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld
on the outside or a groove weld on the inside with a fillet
weld on the inside. Fillet welds are equal to the
thickness of the neck. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush
but must extend inside the tank a minimum of 3 times
the neck thickness.Reinforcing pads are not required.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Manways installed in the Primary Tank Shell


UL-142 Fig. 9.2 & 9.4 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 8 ULC limitations
No matching configuration 8.2 Maximum of 50000 L (13000 gallon) tank. Fillet welds in
and out equal to the shell thickness or 8 mm (0.315")
maximum are required. Flange is attached to the neck
with a groove weld and a fillet weld both from the
underside of the flange. Neck edge must be machined.

Fig. 9.2 Flange can be attached to manway neck with a 8.3 Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or fillet or a double fillet weld. Integrally formed necks are
they may be integrally formed. A fillet weld equal only allowed on manways above the liquid level.
to the minimum steel thickness is required in and Reinforcing pad is required and is fillet welded in and
out. No reinforcing pad is required. out to the manway neck. Reinforcing pad is welded on
the outside to the tank. Reinforcing pad is welded on
the inside to the cutout in the shell. Flange and cover
must be machined.

Fig. 9.4 Flange can be attached to manway neck with a Not allowed
double fillet or a fillet and a groove or may be
integrally formed. A reinforcing pad is required
with fillet welds in and out.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

Manways installed in the Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 9.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 8 ULC limitations
No. 1 & 5 Flange can be attached to manway neck with a 8.1 Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or fillet or a double fillet weld. Single fillet weld 6 mm
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed (0.236") minimum or thickness of the roof is used to
on the top of tank can be installed with a single attach neck to roof. Reinforcing pad is not required.
fillet weld on the outside. No reinforcing pad is
required.
No matching configuration 8.2 Fillet welds in and out equal to the shell thickness or 8
mm (0.315") maximum are required. Flange is attached
to the neck with a groove weld and a fillet weld both
from the underside of the flange. Neck edge must be
machined.
No. 1,4,5 & Fig. 9.2 Flange can be attached to manway neck with a 8.3 Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or fillet or a double fillet weld. Integrally formed necks are
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed allowed on manways above the liquid level. Reinforcing
on the top of tank can be installed with a single pad is not required.
fillet weld on the outside. No reinforcing pad is
required.
No. 2,3,6,7,8 & 9 Must be installed above liquid. Not allowed

Secondary Containment Tanks:


Attachment of secondary shells for shells with intimate contact is a fillet weld for both UL-142 and ULC. ULC indicates that the shell is to be stitch
welded to the primary tank.

ULC has a Figure 11 which shows various combinations of secondary bottom connections related to the type of primary bottom connection. They also
have a Figure 12 with another option that uses an elbow to maintain continutiy between the shell and bottom of the interstice. UL-142 does not give
any specifics.

ULC (in Figure 10) shows fittings installed in tanks with secondary containment to be fillet welded to the outside of the primary tank. A closing plate is
then placed over the fitting and is fillet welded to the fitting and the outside of the closing plate is fillet welded to the secondary shell. UL-142 does not
show any details for attaching fittings on secondary contained tanks.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

Side Wall Joints


UL-142 Figure 6.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 1 ULC limitations
No. 2 None S4.1 Maximum shell thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177")
No. 1 None S4.2 None
No. 2 None S4.3 None
No. 4 Minimum lap is 1/2". S4.4 None
No. 6 Minimum overlap = 1/2". S4.5 Maximum shell thickness = 7 mm (0.276"). Minimum
overlap is 12 mm (0.472").
No. 3 Minimum overlap is 1/2". Inside can be skip S4.6 None. Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472").
welded 1" in 12" or seal welded.
No. 5 Minimum lock weld is 1/2" diameter spaced no Not allowed.
more than 12" apart. Minimum overlap is 3 times
the lock weld diameter.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

Corner Joints (Excluding the Bottom)


UL-142 Figure 6.5 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 2 ULC limitations
Not allowed (Figure 6.5 does not show any single H5.1 None
welded joints even if they are full penetration).

Not shown. H5.2 None


Not allowed (Figure 6.5 does not show any single H5.3 None
welded joints even if they are full penetration).

No. 4 None H5.4 None


No. 2 None H5.5 None
Not shown. H5.6 None
No. 6 None H5.7 None
Not shown. H5.8 None
No. 1 None Not allowed
No. 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 None Not shown.
No. 11 & 12 None Not shown.

Bottom to Shell Joints


UL-142 Figure 6.5 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 3 ULC limitations
No. 7 None B3.1 None
No. 8 None B3.2 None
Not shown. B3.3 None
No. 9 None B3.4 None
No.10 None B3.5 None
No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 None Not allowed
No. 11 & 12 None Not shown.
Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

Fittings Above the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 7.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 4 ULC limitations
No. 3, 4, 6, & 7 None No. 4.1 & 4.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe
No. 2 & 5 None No. 4.3 size)
(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe size)

No. 5 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we No. 4.4 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 168.3 mm (6" pipe
welded on the inside. size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out
or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
No. 8 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we No. 4.5 (Pipe with Flange) Maximum diameter is 273 mm (10"
welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush. pipe size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and
out or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Fillet weld size is equal to the neck thickness. Fitting
cannot be trimmed flush but must extend inside the tank
a minimum of 3 times the neck thickness.

Reinforcing pads are not required. No. 4.6 (Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum
diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness.

No. 1 None Not allowed


Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

Fittings Below the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 7.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 4 ULC limitations
No. 3, 4, 6, & 7 None No. 4.1 & 4.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe
size)
No. 2 & 5 None No. 4.3 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size)

No. 5 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we No. 4.4 (Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size).
welded on the inside. Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out or a
groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
No. 8 Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we Not allowed
welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush.
Reinforcing pads are not required. No. 4.6 (Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum
diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness. Fittings less than 114.3 mm (4" pipe
size) shall have a wall thickness equal to or greater than
the shell thickness and do not require reinforcing pads.

No. 1 None Not allowed


Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

Manways installed in the Primary Tank


UL-142 Figure 9.1 UL-142 limitations ULC Figure 5 ULC limitations
No matching configuration 5.1 Maximum of 50000 L (13000 gallon) tank without a
reinforcing plate. Over 50000 L a reinforcing plate is
required. Fillet welds in and out equal to the shell
thickness are required. Flange is attached to the neck
with a groove weld and a fillet weld both from the
underside of the flange. If used on the side of the tank,
a reinforcing plate is required.

No. 1,4,5 & Fig. 9.2 Flange can be attached to manway neck with a Not shown.
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed
on the top of tank can be installed with a single
fillet weld on the outside. Manways installed below
the liquid level require a fillet weld in and out. No
reinforcing pad is required.

No. 2,3,6,7,8 & 9 Must be installed above liquid. Not allowed

Secondary Containment Tanks:

Attachment of secondary shells for shells with intimate contact is a fillet weld for both UL-142 and ULC. ULC indicates that the secondary shell is to be
stitch welded to the primary tank. Various bottom joints for double wall tanks are given in Figure 11 and 12 of ULC.

Attachment of the double bulkheads is by full fillet welds for both UL-142 and ULC. However, ULC has an option on double wall tanks to double butt
weld the bulkheads to the shell which creates two tanks and then using a connecting ring stitch welded to the tanks to connect them into one. The
secondary shell is then wrapped over this.

ULC (in Figure 10) shows fittings installed in tanks with secondary containment to be fillet welded to the outside of the primary tank. A closing plate is
then placed over the fitting and is fillet welded to the fitting and the outside of the closing plate is fillet welded to the secondary shell. UL-142 does not
show any details for attaching fittings on secondary contained tanks.