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MONTHLY Education PULLOUT - MAY 2017

The most important day of a persons education is

the first day of school, not graduation day.
Harry K Wong
U.S. educator, educational speaker, author

MAY 2017

An economics degree opens

doors of opportunities
As Myanmars economy develops, the nation needs people with expertise in the
subject to manage its vast resources

Graduates in economics can potentially contribute to the country as they play an important role in international business and collaborations. Photo: Shutterstock

TAZAR BHONE MYINT under the broad category of the Ma Thiri Tun, a fourth year full-time day students will have to carefully into the courses offered

social sciences over the last half YIE student said, Theoretically, take eight major subjects and will be before embarking on their studies.
GROWING and developing century. the LCCI [London Chamber of conferred degrees according to the If they achieve commendable grades
economy needs, among However, things have changed. Commerce and Industry] courses subjects majored. in subjects taught during their
others, highly skilled Noting the critical role economics are similar to the accounting Currently, the YIE confers undergraduate degree they will be
economists who are more than mere plays in nation building, the subjects that we have to study at Bachelor of Commerce, Bachelor of allowed to pursue a Masters degree.
bureaucrats. Yangon Institute of Economics YIE. We can work as accountants Economics (Economics), Bachelor PhD students will be required to
Myanmar is no exception. As (YIE) offers graduate degrees and in the private sector after we of Economics (Statistics), Bachelor submit a written thesis after three
a developing nation, a vibrant diplomas, mostly in commerce, graduate. of Business Administration, years of post-graduate research.
and thriving economy is needed statisticsandeconomics. As Myanmar opens up its Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of A basic degree in economics
to harness the nations economic But to earn a place at this doors and economy, the number Public Administration degrees after opens doors to many job
resources as well as people who prestigious and competitive of banking concerns and foreign taking a four-year course. Honours opportunities in both the public
can manage it in a dynamic and institute, potential students have investment companies coming in these degrees will be granted and private sectors. After finishing
changing environment. to achieve excellent scores in their in have increased and job after an additional year of study. a doctoral degree, a State-level
Economics, as subject, has matriculation exams. In addition, opportunities for graduates from These degrees will be conferred advisory position may even be in
acquired new importance in the as the number of applicants YIE is going up exponentially. only to the students who attend YIE the offing.
development and future progress of increases yearly, it becomes tougher Potential students who want full-time. An economics degree differs
Myanmar. to gain entry as the minimum to earn an economics degree have Students who choose distance in subject matter and details.
As such, the role of economists requirements are raised, say two routes: full time on-campus learning will be conferred a If students choose to major in
becomes increasingly important lecturers and teachers at YIE. study and distance learning to Bachelor of Arts and Business accounting, job opportunities in the
to a nation that depends on foreign According to several YIE receive a government-accredited Management degrees only. accounts section of major business
investments and the construction of students, economics is taught as qualification. Salaries and the positions of and finance companies are open to
infrastructure as the nation propels a professional subject and getting work will depend on the degree them. If they choose banking as a
itself forward. a qualification from the institute Two routes, one goal earned. Students who wish to subject, bank manager positions are
Economics, as subject, came paves the way for job opportunities. Those who attend the institute as pursue a course at YIE should look open. Those who study management

MAY 2017

Myanmar experts in economics discuss at a public sector budget forum. Photo: Staff

economics in the countryMonywa in the names of the institutes they graduates from full-time courses with economics degrees, said
Institute of Economics in Sagaing want to attend in order of priority. attendance and over 1000 from entrepreneur Ko Zay Thiha.
Region, Meiktila Institute of The entry requirements for distance learning, according to There are many job opportunities
Economics in Mandalay Region, these institutes differ. According lecturers at the institute. available for the economics graduate
Yangon Institute of Economics to the official statements, Previously, the economic in Myanmar. Economics graduates
(Ywar Thar Gyi) and Yangon prospective students who pass their institutes awarded degrees after can work in government banks,
Institute of Economics (Main) in matriculation exams with at least three years of study. However, since private banks, the immigration and
Yangon Region. 50 marks in each subject and have 2002, students need to study four national registration department,
Students from Kayin, Mon a total score of a minimum 350 will years to earn a degree. Visiting department of development affairs
and Rakhine states, Tanintharyi, gain entry. However, the minimum lecturers from YIE go to various and trading departments, according
Yangon and Ayeyarwady regions entry scores may be adjusted and universities to cater to students who to business experts.
have to go to the two Yangon differ from one place to another, undertake the distance learning Also, economics graduates can
Institutes of Economics, while depending on the available seats at method. The lecturers from Yangon apply for jobs in international
Yoshihiro Francis Fukuyama, US political students from northern Shan, the universities. Economics Institutes will visit companies and find work overseas.
economist and political scientist. In one of
his books, Fukuyama acknowledges that
Kachin and Chin states and Sagaing Daw Thin Thin Htwe, assistant different regions to teach their Myanmars economy is
culture cannot be cleanly separated from Region are allowed to attend lecturer at YIE said, We have subjects. changing at a rapid rate. There are
economics. Photo: EPA Monywa and Meiktila Institutes of to increase the minimum entry many opportunities for economics
Economics. scores because there are more and Critical role graduates. They do not even need
more university applicants. The Entrepreneurs we spoke to to apply for them. They should
usually work as lecturers at Competitive entry students are getting better every agreed that for the business work in foreign companies to gain
economic institutes. Only the students from southern year. Different universities require and finance sector to prosper in experience. They have good salaries
U Kyaw Ko Ko, a 2015 B Econ and eastern Shan and Kayah states, different entry scores as universities Myanmar, economics graduates too, said economist Daw Ye Ye
(Hons) graduate said, As my degree Magwe and Mandalay regions can accept a fixed number of students will be critical for growth and Myint.
is a professional qualification, it apply to the Meiktila Institute of and the entry scores are adjusted development. To boost the Economics students can
is a little different from an arts or Economics. However, if students based on the number of applicants. countrys economic growth, potentially contribute to the
science degree and opens the door want to attend schools outside YIE accepts only 1200 students economists are necessary and the country. These graduates play an
to more job opportunities. It has a their regions, they must send each year, although the number role of such graduates cannot be important role in international
very high education standard and is their applications directly to the of undergraduate applications more emphasised. business and collaborations.
practical orientated and meets the institutes. continues to rise. The minimum We do not dare to hire people The prospective economics
needs of the economy. The institutes will selectively entry marks for the YIE was set at without economics degrees to graduate, after completing the
Institutes specialising in accept those who meet the entry a total score of 420 this year, she work in finance because even Bachelors degree, will be a valuable
economics are not available in all requirements which is up to 10 added. a minor accounting error can asset not only to family businesses
states and regions in Myanmar. percent of the total enrollments. Economics institutes all over have dire consequences. We can but also to the countrys economy.
There are only four institutes of The applicants are required to fill Myanmar produce more than 4000 only employ qualified experts Translation by Win Thaw Tar and Swe Zin Moe

MAY 2017

High marks for monastic school

Aung Myay Thukha is giving children in rural areas a holistic and free education

Thanks to the monastic education, the people of Myanmar had acquired literacy even before the Rosetta Stone era. Photo: Staff

USAWWIN notes. they have to continue their part during the parliamentary disadvantaged children received

Breakfast is at 5.30am. The education at other schools that have period. an education spread quickly. Offers
T'S 4.30am and the morning novices and young monks started ninth and tenth standards. But when the socialist started pouring in from people who
is off to a beautiful start. The queuing and walked slowly, Monastic education has had a government subsequently came volunteered their time to teach the
weather on this day was cool and silently in single file towards the rather long and turbulent history. It into power, monastic education students. Donations in cash and
pleasant, serene, quiet and peaceful. dining hall. At the entrance of the played a dominant role during the was ignored and rejected. However, kind as well as meals also started
Although most people in the dining hall, two helpers scooped era when Myanmar kings ruled the during former president U Thein coming in to the school.
neighbourhood were still in bed, the steaming rice on plates or alms land. Seins tenure, monastic education Meanwhile, the number of
little monastery that doubles up as a bowl. The high priests and high abbots was revived and encouraged. students started increasing,
monastic school was already awake were very learned and wise, in both The government recognized the reaching around 450. There is
and bustling with young novices, Prayer of thanks Buddhist scriptures and Myanmar importance and role that monastic now a newly built double storey
staff and helpers performing their The gravy to go with the rice was literature. They were strict education plays in the education of brick building to accommodate
tasks and duties. placed on a small round table set disciplinarians and were able to the community, especially among several classrooms which was
The young monks and novices for four to five persons. When train, guide and produce renowned the lower income group in rural donated by a prominent cardiac
were already in the large zayat everyone was at their places, the scholars and intellectuals from areas and hilly regions where many physician. Another building was
(open structure used for social and group clasped their hands together among their pupils. ethnic minorities live. recently constructed, this time
religious events), sitting rows upon in prayer and recited two verses. In March 1993, the Aung Myay the main donor was a retired lady
rows in the half knee-bent posture One verse was to remind them Vital role Thukha monastery was selected obstetrician-gynecologist.
with their hands clasped in to be grateful and give metta to the The Honorable Maharsi Sayadaw, and invited to meet local education Aung Myay Thukha monastic
prayer. The high abbot, deputies teachers and to the benefactors Honorable Withotedaryone Yaw officials to help establish a local school has come a long way. Starting
and others were chanting the and helpers at the monastery and Sayadaw, who passed the Tripitaka monastic school in Yangon. with just a few old benches and
ceremonial morning mantras and the second verse was to remind highest examination, was among The school first opened with 45 study tables, it has flourished to
prayers. The voices, in unison, them of the purpose of taking the outstanding intellects who owed students, mostly from poor families become a fully established middle
sounded pleasant and soothing. the meal, which is to achieve their brilliance and scholarship to who could not afford full tuition eighth standard monastic high
After a short while, the knowledge and wisdom. the monastic system of education. fees. Word spread fast and many school.
morning prayers ended with During the meal, the dining hall It was thanks to the monastic children at other monasteries The academic achievement of
everyone reciting holy verses was quiet and still. education that the people of started moving to the Aung Myay the students also reflects the high
and spreading metta (Buddhist After breakfast, there is Myanmar acquired literacy even Thukha school. standards of education at the school
virtue of loving kindness) to all about half an hour of leisure before the Rosetta Stone era As expected, these young as many receive high marks in
living beings at the ten strata of and rest where the children and as evidenced by the discovery children were mostly from ethnic the government eighth standard
the universe, ranging from the novices take strolls or play in of numerous stone and bell minority families and were from examination regularly.
celestial abodes to the human the monastery grounds. This is inscriptions, palm leaves and single-parent families or orphans. Four students from ethnic
world, as well as to the animal and followed by a session of light duty parabaiks -- which are the ancient The majority of them were minority families, who continued
insect worlds and to those paying where children clear up litter or manuscripts found throughout the mostly Pa-O, followed by the their studies in state schools, passed
penance in the lower abodes. sweep the compound. country. Palaung, Shan, Kayin and Naga their matriculation with high
After the prayer session, there Lessons begin at 8am and end Monastic education has endured ethnic races. It is interesting to marks.
was a five-minute silence when at 3pm, with an hours break for and survived the turbulent times note that although they came from One student from a Naga family
everyone sat cross-legged, with lunch in between. However, for the under the British colonial period. different ethnic families, these even qualified to enter the dental
straight and erect backs and eyes young monks and novices, 8:30am It faced competition as Christian children were all cheerful and institute.
closed, concentrating in breathing signals the time that they have to go missionary schools began sprouting lovable, full of enthusiasm and A visitor to the monastic school
in and out a basic preliminary out to the neighbourhood and begin all over the country, especially in energetic. They were a happy lot and will be impressed by the excellent
exercise that is part of meditation. collecting alms and food for their the hilly parts of the northern and appreciated what was being done for and successful work which the
At the end of the prayers and lunch. eastern regions as well as in the them at the school. school committee and the local
the breathing meditation exercise, The classes range from delta area. community have put in.
the group stood up and dispersed kindergarten to standard After the country gained A long journey But, the work is far from
to their respective classes for eight when students sit for the independence, monastic education News of how the high abbot of finished. There is still a lot to be
lessons, some reciting loudly their government examination. On once again received attention and the school was struggling to keep done for the children and the
lesson and some quietly taking passing the standard eight exams, was supported and subsidised in things going to ensure that the school.

MAY 2017

The National University of Singapore offers scholarships each year to nationals of ASEAN
member countries.


Part 1 of this article appeared in March EduCentre.

Thompson Chau

The National University of Singapore, a global leader, is ranked 12th in the QS World University Rankings 2015-16. Photos: NUS
ONG Kong and Singapore are both well-developed economies
with an advanced education system. Due to both the quality of
education system and the upsides of studying at an international
city, their university programs have long attracted students from
neighbouring countries. Apart from a much-sought after city life,
studying at leading universities in the two cities offer the professional
training, multi-cultural environment and international network which
are increasingly important for people working in the knowledge economy
and beyond. This months EduCentre focuses on what Singapore has to offer.

The city state boasts a very cosmopolitan population with large
populations of Chinese, Malay and Indians. Its colonial history as a
trading centre and entrepreneurialism hub positions it closer to the West
than its ASEAN neighbours. While Chinese, Malay, and Tamil are also
official languages, English is widely spoken and understood by 75 percent
of the five-million population, and is the officially designated language for
the education system.
Singapores two most prominent universities are very competitive
and internationally recognised. The National University of Singapore,
a global leader, is ranked 12th in the QS World University Rankings
2015-16. Of its other five national universities, Nanyang Technological
Universityhas stunned the sector with its rapid rise to prominence,
reaching 13th in 2015-16.The government supports three other public
institutions: the Singapore Management University, the Singapore
University of Technology and Design and the Singapore Institute of
Singapore is very supportive of students from its ASEAN neighbours.
Myanmar nationals are welcome to apply the following scholarships.

ASEAN Scholarships for Myanmar (Pre-University)

The ASEAN Scholarships for Myanmar is tenable for four years leading to
the award of the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education
Advanced Level (GCE A-Level) certificate. The scholarship is for studies
in selected Singapore schools from Secondary Three to Pre-University
Two and is renewed annually, subject to the satisfactory performance
of the scholar. Students from Myanmar are nominated by the Myanmar
Ministry of Education for the scholarships.

NUS Graduate Scholarship for ASEAN Nationals (NUS GSA)

The National University of Singapore (NUS) offers scholarships each year
to nationals of ASEAN member countries who read full-time coursework
graduate degrees at NUS. These awards are financed by the people of
Singapore and the university. Scholars have no obligation or bond to NUS
or Singapore but are expected to complete the graduate degree and return
to their home country to assist in its progress and development.

ASEAN Undergraduate Scholarship (NTU)

The ASEAN Undergraduate Scholarship is offered by the Nanyang
Technological University (NTU) for non-Singapore citizens or
permanent residents from the ASEAN. Successful awardees should read
a full-time undergraduate degree program leading to a first degree, with
some exceptions. The award covers up to the normal program duration
on condition that the scholarship-holder maintains a record of good
academic performance and exemplary conduct. It includes full coverage
of subsidised tuition fees. Living allowance of S$5,800 per academic year
is also covered.
Prospective candidates and interested applicants should refer to the
website of respective universities and institutions for details of individual
degree and scholarship programs, application methods, eligibility
requirements and other information.

MAY 2017

From cradle to college,

Dulwich has the answers
UK-based premium independent school offers a comprehensive all-round
education that inspires students to reach further

Music is an important part of the curriculum at Dulwich College and each student is encouraged to learn an instrument from an early age. Photo: Supplied

TIN YADANAR TUN number of students and added more their abilities, both academically produce their very own movies for curriculum and having specialist

facilities and staff at the school. and in terms of a broader, the Dulwich Film Festival which teachers. For example, our
ULWICH College Yangon rounded education developing has its own Oscar awards, the primary school children are given
(DCY), which officially What is a College? confidence, knowledgeable, DOscars! their own stringed instrument in
opened in August 2016 at Headmaster Daryl Orchard said: being internationally aware and Students will also have the Year 3, which is theirs for two years,
Pun Hlaing campus, Yangon will be There is sometimes confusion conscientious students. unique opportunity to join world- which is then followed by the use
expanding its student intake soon. overseas over our use of the term The school offers an Early Years class events such as the Dulwich of a wind instrument for the next
It currently has classes that cater College, as in many countries this Foundation Stage and an enhanced Music Festival, the Dulwich two years. This gives them the time
to the Toddler age group (two-year is a term used to refer to tertiary version of the English National Olympiad in London, the Vienna and opportunity to experiment with
olds) to Year 7 (11-year olds) at the education. In the UK, it has Curriculum that is tailored for Boys Choir or workshops with the a variety of different instruments
Pun Hlaing campus. traditionally been used for younger international students. Royal Shakespeare Company. before specialising in their senior
The campus is undergoing a aged children by a small group of The program will lead to the There are also requests from school years, Orchard said.
major expansion of its facilities for select private schools. International General Certificate two internationally famous
the August 2017 session and is in the Dulwich College Yangon will of Secondary Education (IGCSE) football clubs to open a soccer Teachers from UK
process of opening a new campus offer a premium independent in addition to a challenging academy in Yangon in cooperation DCY currently employs 16
in Star City, Thanlyin township, school education for students international curriculum that is with Dulwich. teachers, most of whom are from
Yangon. aged two years until they graduate recognised by leading universities Inside the classroom, specialist the UK. This includes specialists
Both campuses will offer classes after turning 18, prior to entering around the world. subjects for next year include in science, art, maths, Mandarin
for the Toddler age group to Year 8 university. Both campuses Dulwich believes that academic English, Mathematics, Science, and Myanmar, amongst others.
(13-year olds) next year. will initially offer facilities for success is firmly rooted in the the Humanities, English as an The Dulwich College International
The senior students will have the students aged between two and classroom, but that a truly strong Additional Language (EAL), (DCI) network of schools employs
honour of being the first graduating 13 from August 2018. We add an education engages students Physical Education (PE), Music, 1300 people, the majority of whom
class, who in five years will be taking additional year of classes each year beyond textbooks. Art, Myanmar Studies and French, are teachers, primarily from
their pre-university exams as the until we cover whole primary and as well as differentiated first, Britain.
college will have completed its secondary age ranges (two to 18 Variety of lessons second and native-level classes For the next academic year, the
growth to encompass the whole two- years old). There is a variety of activities that in Mandarin and Myanmar majority of new teachers have been
to-18 age range. The schools philosophy is built children can choose from on most languages. recruited from Dulwich colleges
Since taking over the operations around its motto, Inspiration afternoons after school. We are a selective school and across its world network.
of the Pun Hlaing campus from the Starts Here. All projects and This includes opportunities unashamedly academic and this We are opening the doors with
previous operator, Dulwich College, programs must meet the to take part in activities such as is reflected in our exam results teachers who have an average of
which has its headquarters in the fundamental message of inspiring kendo, fencing, archery or a film across the group. These results over 7 years experience and with
UK, has more than doubled the students to reach the highest of club that teaches members to are achieved through a balanced Continued on page 7

MAY 2017

Continued from page 6

Many extra-curricular activities
strong knowledge of how a Dulwich Orchard added that DCY will have
education works. It is important to extensive extra-curricular programs
note that the Pun Hlaing campus to develop students abilities.
will have a hundred percent We seek to inspire students
retention rate for its current and upon leaving our school, they
teachers, said Orchard. will have discovered one true
Whilst Dulwich College passion or interest and a lifelong
Yangon is a new school, we draw love for learning.
on the expertise of our founding The costs for each class differ
school, Dulwich College in London. depending on the year level.
Dulwich College is one of the oldest However, our investment across
independent schools in the UK with the college reflects the quality of
nearly 400 years of excellence in the education on offer, with nearly
teaching and learning. all the equipment and books being
As we are also a part of a family sourced from overseas, he added.
of ten international schools in Music is an important part
Asia, we have full access to bring of the curriculum and each
over experts for a range of different student is encouraged to learn
subjects to support our current an instrument from an early age.
staff. DCI is a proven leader Music lessons are compulsory up
in international, independent to Year 9 with each child having
schooling over the last 13 years. a string instrument provided by
It has eight colleges and two the school until Year 6. From Year All projects and programs at Dulwich College must meet the fundamental message of inspiring students to reach the highest of their
abilities. Photo: Supplied
international high schools in Asia. 7 they are introduced to a second
There are six colleges in China: two instrument, woodwind or brass to
in Shanghai (2003 & 2016), Beijing Year 9. current efforts and investment as the recently launched Magic Dulwich has a long history with
(2005), Suzhou (2007), a college in DCY encourages competitive in the country. When we open a Bus Myanmar, sponsored by the Myanmar. U Tin Tut, the countrys
Seoul (2010) and one in Singapore sports to instill the value of school, we look at the long term Dulwich International Schools first Minister for Foreign Affairs
(2014.) teamwork and fair play. Students and Dulwich College Yangon sees Foundation with a US$400,000 and Minister for Finance from
I therefore feel we have all the will learn how to win and lose itself as a part of the community, initial contribution. January to September 1948, was
advantages of a new school in terms graciously. Orchard said. The Friends of Dulwich, its educated at Dulwich College
of modern resources and brand-new At present we are fully The DCY community engages in Parent Teacher organisation, is in London. U Tin Tut is part of
facilities, but few of the challenges concentrating on developing and with the local community in a active in all the schools programs a select group of notable Old
that a stand-alone school would our new schools in Yangon, and variety of areas, not least of which in supporting initiatives within Alleynians, the name given to the
experience in its foundation years. this is the sole focus for all our will be charitable initiatives such the local communities. Dulwich College alumni.

Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Myo Lwin

Editor: Clovis Santiago

Staff writers: Tazar Bhone Myint,

Thompson Chau, Tin Yadanar Tun,
Zaw Zaw Htwe, Ei Shwe Phyu,
Aung Kyaw Nyunt, Kyi Tha Maung

Contributors: U Saw Win,

Thin Thin Hlaing

Photography: Aung Htay Hlaing,

Aung Myin Ye Zaw, Aung Khant,
Naing Wynn Htoon, Shutterstock, EPA

Cover photo: Shutterstock

Layout design: Ko Htway, Khin Zaw

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MAY 2017

Internet opens world for Myanmar students

Education is being given a broad boost as students embrace the Net

Ma Gadae Wai Phyo Ma Htet Nadi Aung Ma Su Phyu Zin

Maung Lin Khant Maung Min Thiha Kyaw Maung Win Htet Kyaw

THIN THIN HLAING between 11pm to midnight. I have lessons that are hard to understand affecting my community. I want understand. We can witness news

met many people in cyberspace in class from Facebook. In addition, to eat healthy food and try to avoid and events from other regions.
ITH the internet whom I would never have had the I can share things that others may things that may cause an upset However, she also said that
revolution finally chance to get to know. I also watch not be aware of, she said. tummy. I want to learn about many of her friends have got into
connecting with the football and other sports. I like the food that has healing properties trouble by engaging in unsavoury
shores of Myanmar, schoolchildren Eleven Sports Journal,he added. Unsavoury content for various illnesses. I can live a relationships.
and students are embracing this Maung Win Htet Kyaw said that But Ma Gadae Wai Phyo said that healthy life from this knowledge, There are interesting things
technological game changer to learn he also gets to know about current there is much bad content posted on he added. on the internet. You have to be
as well as interact with one another. and world affairs from Facebook Facebook. However, Maung Lin Khant discerning and choose what is
Statistics from the United postings. There are some rude people on said that he had friends tell him beneficial and what is not, Ma Htet
Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) It is a good tool to acquire the internet. What is worse is that that they were visiting sites that Nadi Aung said.
show that there has been an knowledge but excessive use can unsavoury photos are uploaded, she were not good. Using Google and other social
explosion in the number of internet lead to addiction, he warned fellow added. Using the internet to enrich network applications, Ma Su Phyu
users in the country over the last school mates. Grade 7 student Maung Min life is a good thing. I feel good Zin searches for answers to tough
two years. Thiha Kyaw, who is in Basic when using the internet because school questions.
In 2014, Myanmars population Improving English Education High School 4, Ahlone I get useful knowledge. When Ma Su Phyu Zin, who attends
stood at 51.4 million and the Another student, Ma Gadae Wai township, Yangon, toldThe I heard some friends at school Grade 9 in Basic Education High
number of internet users was Phyo, a Grade 10 in Basic Education Myanmar Times EduCentre that were watching bad things on the School 2, Sanchaung township,
estimated to be around two million. High School 2, Mayangone he began using the internet after internet, I was shocked. Watching Yangon, said, I search for English
However, with the explosion township, Yangon, said thatshe the sixth grade. appropriate things is good. It is idioms and meanings of words that I
of mobile phone penetration usesthe internet to improve her I started using internet good to read knowledgeable and am not sure of.
that began in 2014, the number English. during summer holidays after beneficial websites, he said. She also said that she reads about
of internet users has increased I have been using the internet the 6thgrade exam. It is almost For Ma Htet Nadi Aung, a Grade celebrities and follows the links in
exponentially to 39 million in 2016. for over a year. I usually connect one year and my usage time is 10, Basic Education High School 1, Google for topics she would like to
In a survey to gauge internet with the world on Saturdays and very little. I use Facebook and Mayangone township, Yangon, the learn about.
use among students,The Myanmar Sundays after returning from Messenger but I do not visit internet came to her when she was I use Viber communicating
Times EduCentrespoke to several tuition. I do not use email or visit websites. in Grade 9. with friends as I dont spend much
of on how the cyber revolution has websites. I use Facebook to browse I get knowledge from I started using the internet time on Facebook. Sometimes I
affected their lives. through current or world affairs. I educational programs on around the 9thGrade. It has been post about things that interest me
While many of those interviewed usually watch English lessons and Facebook. I read jokes, listen to two years now and I use it at night and look at what my friends have
said that the internet has helped comedy channels,shesaid. new songs, and watch new movies. but not regularly because of exams. posted, she said.
them with their studies, others had Ma Gadae Wai Phyo also said Maung Min Thiha Kyaw said When there are no exams, I use Ma Su Phyu Zin said the internet
reservations about the unsavory that she goes online to look for that while he also likes YouTube, it more regularly. I use Facebook, has opened a completely new world
aspects of connecting with the cyber answers to tough school homework there are other bad aspects of the Bee-talk and Viber, she added. of knowledge to her and others in
world. questions. internet. Ma Htet Nadi Aung says that she Myanmar.
By going online, I can find It is good if you use the reads news on fashion and the arts. The internet offers a huge
Good and bad what I don't understand at school. internet for good reasons. But Sometimes, I read about library of knowledge at the click
One student, Maung Win Htet On the internet I can search for some people are using it for literature and I am also interested of a mouse. In the days before
Kyaw, who is a Grade 10 in English lessons that I have difficulty socially or morally objectionable in design. As I am in matriculation, the internet, we had to look for
Basic Education High School 1, grasping. If I do not know how to purposes, he said. it helps my studies reading about people who could give the answers
Mayangone township, Yangon, solve a mathematics problem, I ask 10thGrade lessons. to questions that were not in
saidhe hasbeen using the internet my friends and my teachers via my Food for thought Lessons are sometimes turned textbooks, she said.
for the past eight months to make Facebook account. Maung Lin Khant, a Grade 7, Basic into songs and are posted on For Ma Su Phyu Zin, and many
new friends from around the world. We become friendlier with Education High School 6, Ahlone Facebook. How to solve chemical students in Myanmar, the internet
He said that heuses social each other. Once you ask Facebook township, Yangon, said that he equations and how to calculate has opened the doors to the
network Facebook to connect and account holders some questions, we began using the internet about 8 formulas are also posted, she said. worldwide network of knowledge,
chat with others from across the become friends. months ago. news and stories that were hitherto,
country and the world. However, You can make friends with some He said that he occasionally uses News and current affairs unknown.
he said that he does not visit any people whom you have never met the internet for about three hours Ma Htet Nadi Aung said, With But many know that the internet
websites or has created an email and this is an exciting aspect of the during his free time in a week. news, we see world events unfolding is a double-edged sword, fraught
account. internet. The good thing is that I I use Facebook and Viber live in front of us. We can search with dangers.
I use the internet after tuition make plenty of friends. I can learn and I read about health issues and study for things that we dont Translation by Zaw Nyunt

MAY 2017

Swiss help in developing vocational education

Technical assistance will continue for as long as necessary
ZAW ZAW HTWE programs.

Speaking to The Myanmar times EduCentre, he
WITZERLAND will help in developing vocational said We will start planning the programs for the next
skills for as long as Myanmar requires it, four years. We will consider increasing the number of
according to Swiss Ambassador to the country, trainees to about 8000 to 10,000 youths. We plan to
Paul R Seger. expand our programs, he said.
Our experiences in other countries show that we
have helped in the development of such skills for up to Program expansion
ten years or for as long as it takes to achieve the desired To promote the training programs, Switzerland is
goals. Again, we are here to help Myanmar for as long planning to go on road shows in Pathein township,
as the government requires our help. It is not for a Ayeyarwady Region, Mawlamyine township, Mon
mere four years. It is much longer, Ambassador Seger State, and Mandalay city, and to instill public
told the media on February 24. awareness among the local community in order to
emphasise the importance of vocational skills.
Five areas Ambassador Segersaid, Over the last few years,
Switzerland has been helping Myanmar in vocational we have trained hundreds and hundreds of young
education and training since 2013 with four-year long- people in Myanmar. Because of these programs,
term projects and spending US$5 million per year. It is many get good jobs, good salaries and have a bright
providing vocational training for Myanmar youths in professional future. I can tell you right here, we are
five sectors: electrical, hospitality, sewing, carpentry ready to continue with this commitment over the next
and beauty parlors. few years.
In 2017, some 6000 to 7000 Myanmar youths Switzerland began assisting Myanmar since 2012
have been identified to attend these four-year Swiss- and they have been providing vocational training
ledcourses, according to U Nay Myo Zaw, the national since 2013 by providing courses for Myanmar youths
program officer in charge for Swiss vocational skills wanting to upgrade their skills.
Swiss Ambassador meets the press on February 24. Photo: Zaw Zaw Htwe

Summer holidays -- balancing lessons with play

Opinions are sharply divided as to what schoolchildren ought to do during the school break
EI SHWE PHYU order to develop a well-rounded

character and personality traits.
LL work and no play makes The survey by The Myanmar
Jack or Jill a dull boy or girl Times EduCentre also revealed
is an adage being pondered that while some parents allow
by parents today as they confront their children to attend courses
the question of what to do with their that explore hobbies and non-
school-going children during the academic interests, others allow
summer holidays. their children to take a complete
One school of thought has it break from studies without forcing
that schoolchildren ought to take a anything on them.
break and recharge their batteries Daw Si Si Cho, a mother of two,
after a year of grueling studies, said she is going to send her son to a
assignments, tests and final exams. gym after the examinations.
Another suggests that My son is interested in
schoolchildren will be able get a attending a gym and so I want to
head start if they embarked on arrange this for him. My younger
preparatory classes for the coming daughter is not very well. I let her
academic year. just relax at home. She has been
But others suggest that children exhausted after a whole year of
would benefit by attending courses studying, she said.
or classes that emphasise other
skills that are not taught in schools. Creative activity
According to a survey by The The Myanmar Times EduCentre
Myanmar Times EduCentre, spoke to Dr Tin Maung Win,
parents are divided as to how they Professor and Head of Department Most of the children say they preferred to pass their summer holidays by just playing. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
want their children to spend their at the Department of Psychiatry,
summer break. Sagaing Education University, because I can play, said Maung It shouldnt be like that. This this is the inherent weakness in the
who strongly believes that Aung Thiha. does not happen in other countries. system, he said.
Break from routine children have active minds and Younger students may like It happens only in Myanmar By not allowing for breaks from
One parent The Myanmar Times if channeled properly, can lead to playing but those who are about because of the exam system and the studies and depriving children of
EduCentre spoke with, Daw Soe creativity. to enter high school, especially 9th pressure to pass them. time to develop their hobbies or
Soe Myint, a mother of a school- By nature, children are active graders, are eager to attend tuition When asked to comment on the interests, parents run the danger of
going child, said that she sends her and this fact must not be forgotten. classes in preparation for the move by parents to send children for raising maladjusted individuals who
daughter to a Buddhist ethics course Depending on their age and stage upcoming matriculation exams. matriculation tuition even before lack social skills or the ability to be
every year. of development, children will As the matriculation is the 9th Grade results were out, he better future citizens, Dr Tin Maung
My daughter has no interest not remain quiet for long. So, in important, we send the children to said this was not good for children. Win warned.
in sports and music and so I dont accordance with this active and tuitions in advance. My daughter But Daw Than Than from Twante
see the necessity for such classes. inquisitive nature, giving a break herself wants to attend, said Daw Lessons learnt at play township, seems to have broken
However, I do send her to Buddhist to the rigours of the classroom, will Thida from Yankin township. Parents worry a lot and they make ranks with many parents and said
ethics so that she will acquire provide a chance for their brains to The Myanmar Times EduCentre out exams to be the devil in their she did not send her children for
knowledge and become more aware recharge by providing them with survey revealed that group tuition kids young lives. The overemphasis tuition or other training courses
of religion and ethics, she said. opportunities to participate in for the matriculation classes have on an exam oriented system leads during the summer holidays.
Some experts, however, say that activities that interest them instead already started in some townships to a rat race in education and the Only when the school opens, I
parents need to encourage their of focusing on studies. since the beginning of the summer need to finish at the top puts undue send them to school. I never send
children to indulge in a hobby and Most of the children we spoke holidays. pressures on young minds, he them for any tuition or any other
be absorbed in things that interest with, said they preferred to pass But Dr Tin Maung Win disagrees added. courses. During the summer, I let
them during summer holidays their summer holidays by just with the idea of filling up the In addition, the emphasis on my son and daughter just play at
instead of continuously bombard playing. summer holidays with more appraisals based on purely exam home, she said.
them with lessons and studies in When school closes, I am happy academic lessons. results leads to rote learning and Translation by Zaw Nyunt

MAY 2017

Letting us ask questions about your UNICEF Representative to township. Among those who attended the
Education in brief newspaper is a huge help for us Myanmar, Bertrand Bainvel, In addition, a road at Tatkone discussion was Dr Yin Yin Nwe,
since we want to start writing in our on behalf of Allied Educational village in Magwe Regions Aunglan presidential education advisor
EI SHWE PHYU newspaper about how humans have Organizations, explained in detail township will also be upgraded. from 2014-2016 and a member
impacted the environment. It was what the National Education The Japanese government of the Education Promotion
very kind of you to take time out of Strategic Plan (2016-2021) entails. established the GGP scheme in 1993 Implementation Committee.
ISM 5th graders tour The your busy schedule and give us the The goals of the plan include in Myanmar and a total of 811 projects Also present were U Naing Ngwe
Myanmar Times tour of your office! focusing on a significant for education, health and social Thein from the National Network
Teacher Jade Gardner and improvement in student proficiency welfare services as well as several for Education Reform, U Kaung
her students from Grade 5, Five-year National Education in all educational institutions environment and infrastructure Set Naing, a retired teacher as well
International School of Myanmar Strategic Plan unveiled by adopting advanced teaching projects have been carried out so far. as a writer, and Saw Lar Say from
(ISM), visited The Myanmar Times The five-year National Education methods. the Kawthoolei Karen Education
newsroom on March 21 to study the Strategic Plan (2016-2021) was Meeting to appraise education Department.
process of creating a newspaper recently unveiled by the Ministry of Japanese grant for better school programs The discussions touched on
-- from reporting to publication. Education at a ceremony held at Nay facilities A meeting to gauge and assess current curriculum development and
The class is working on a project Pyi Taws Myanmar International Japan is providing a US$501,075 and future educational programs was teaching methodology, the need for
where the students intend to create Convention Centre 2. grant to Myanmar for the recently organised by the Amyotha qualified teachers, federal plan on
their own classroom newspaper State Counsellor Daw Aung San construction of several schools and Hluttaw Government Guarantees, education, mother tongue-based
with a focus on how humans have Suu Kyi, in a keynote address, urged upgrading of a road under its Grant Pledges and Undertakings Vetting education for ethnic communities,
impacted our environment. educators and teachers to have Assistance for Grassroots Human Committee. an educational assessment system,
Myanmar Times deputy editor- a paradigm shift in the nations Security Projects (GGP) Scheme. The meeting, held on February budgeting for education and
in-chief U Myo Lwin explained to education philosophy over the next Japanese Ambassador to 28 in the Amyotha Hluttaw, was education in ethnic minority areas.
the group the day-to-day operations five years. Myanmar and construction attended by Speaker U Mahn Win
of a newsroom and veteran reporter Speaking at the event on committee chairs of states and Khaing Than and Deputy Speaker U Increase in matriculation exam
Lun Min Mang, who took some February 23, Dr Myo Thein Gyi regions signed the contract providing Aye Thar Aung students in 2016/17
time off from his busy schedule, said that the aim of the National for the grant on February 21, Union Minister for Education, Dr More than 760,000 students
answered questions on the Education Strategic Plan (2016- according to a statement released by Myo Thein Gyi held discussions with throughout the country took the
challenges faced by reporters. 2021) was to improve the learning the Embassy of Japan. MPs during a Q&A session. matriculation exams this year.
The tour seemed to be process with better pedagogical The grant will allow the upgrading According to the Department
productive, as noted by teacher methods and improvement in of facilities and infrastructure in Reforms in teaching methods of Myanmar Examinations, the
Jade later: It really was wonderful the development of vocational Sasana Yaung Chi and Zayar Thiri debated number of students sitting for the
for the class to see firsthand what education, research and innovation monastic schools in Mon States A DVB debate with the theme how exam was about 100,000 more than
it means to be a journalist. It will in education. Kyaikmaraw and Mawlamyine to start reform in curriculum and the previous year.
be a memory they wont forget! Australian Ambassador to townships and Shwe Zedi monastic teaching methods took place on The examinations were held
And from the students themselves: Myanmar, Nicholas Coppel,and school in Rakhine States Sittwe February 18. between March 8 and 17.

Myanmar Times deputy editor-in-chief U Myo Lwin explains to the ISM group the day-to-day operations of a newsroom. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing

MAY 2017

What it takes to be a computer hardware expert

Hardware architects complement software engineers in making the whole system work
AUNG KYAW NYUNT, expertise in the overall function of a Those who want to begin a career
KYI THA MAUNG computer. in hardware can start with studying
While computers and mobile self-study books or attend online

phones are fast replacing paperwork tutorials.
OFTWARE engineers and in the Myanmar economy, job They can also attend the training
designers have been in opportunities in the hardware courses and get on the job training
the forefront of computer sector are not forthcoming. (OJT) at professional hardware
technology creating applications There are two types of hardware service centers.
that have changed the way we play, job openings: hardware expert and After being trained, an
work and do business. the freelance professional. individual will have the basic
But it also takes hardware A freelance professional is one knowledge and experience to run
engineers to make a computer who runs his or her own service a small service center. However, to
system work. center and gives hardware-related become a professional who can take
For a computer system to work services to individuals, video charge of big tasks, one needs to
well it takes both hardware and game shops and to small or large pass relevant examinations and get
software experts to make it all come companies. the related certification.
together. Permanent professionals are
The hardware component is sometimes called IT experts or IT Where and what Hardware experts are especially responsible for networking and troubleshooting issues that
just as important as the software managers. They are often given There are over 30 training schools crop up. Photo: Naing Wynn Htoon
and it takes time for one to acquire the job title of Network expert or that teachA+ hardware courses in
the skills to pursue a profession in Network professional. Myanmar. hardware, mobile hardware, (single and multiple response) and
hardware engineering. For local jobs, A+ certificate or networking, troubleshooting and drag and drop options.
Expert knowledge any Microsoft OS certificate will network connection. In order to be a good professional
Hardware tech They have to deal with the do. However, for overseas careers, It also covers cyber security hardware expert, individuals
Generally, hardware entails installation of an operating system Linux OS certificates and related and cloud computing issues in need to constantly update their
repairing and maintaining the and the related software as well certificates are required. addition to installing, repairing and knowledge base and keep attending
physical components of a computer as provide total solutions for To become an A+ certified maintaining operating systems like courses on the latest developments.
in order for it to function well. It networking performance and issues. technician, one will have to sit Windows, iOS, Android, Apple OS X This may open doors to the
includes knowledge of raw computer They are especially responsible for CompTIA A+ 220-901 and and Linux. international market where such
components and their accessories, for networking and troubleshooting CompTIA A+ 220-902 subjects. The The A+ exams are conducted via jobs are in high demand.
networking, troubleshooting and issues that crop up. 901 subject deals with computer a set of multiple choice questions Translation by Zaw Nyunt

State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi views a photography exhibition during the ceremony launching of the The Japanese grant will allow the upgrading of facilities and infrastructure in some monastic schools across the
National Education Strategic Plan (2016-2021) in Nay Pyi Taw. Photo: EPA country. Photo: Supplied

Participants at the DVB debate discuss on curriculum development and teaching methodology, among Students leaving an exam centre in Yangon after sitting for the matriculation exams. Photo: Aung Khant.
others. Photo: Aung Myin Ye Zaw

MAY 2017

Education key to the future: StateCounsellor

All stakeholders need to lead and have a vision for success, says Daw Aung San Suu Kyi

TATE Counsellor Daw Aung
San Suu Kyi has urged all
stakeholders to make a
change in the countrys education
philosophy within the next five
Speaking during a keynote
address at the unveiling of the
National Education Strategic Plan
(2016-2021) on February 23 at the
Myanmar International Convention
Centre 2 in Nay Pyi Taw, she said
that everyone must have the desire
to a lifelong learning.
To encourage lifelong learning,
the change must start in the
education system. We all need
to consider what the main needs
are for the success of the National
Education Strategic Plan which has
been adopted.
The learning process must be
continuous for both young students
and adults, she said.
In order to encourage a mindset
that is conducive to learning,
teachers and administrators, she
said, must inculcate the desire
to learn. They themselves have to
have the desire to learn in order to
spread this learning culture.
The desire to learn is most
important in education so that
all leading implementers who
set up policies and teachers
must encourage the desire to
learn mindset, she said.

Desire to learn
Teachers must be desirous of
learning and have the desire
for life-long learning so that State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech during a ceremony detailing the National Education Strategic Plan (2016-2021) at the Myanmar International Convention Centre 2
in Nay Pyi Taw on February 23. Photo: EPA
all learners will become
inspired. Therefore, whatever
plan is to be developed, all when we humble ourselves and is that they think they are Self-improvement vital facing us and believe that my
par ticipants need to lead and say we need to learn a lot more, perfect and do not want to learn It is true that the State will lead friends would also have the same
have a vision for success, she added. anymore, she said. in this sector. When the State mindset for the country.
State Counsellor Daw Aung State Counsellor Daw Aung Learning never stops. We leads, it is important to extend I wish all the participants at
San Suu Kyi said. San Suu Kyi also said that in never stop pursuing education physical and mental support as todays ceremony will serve future
It is very important for order to encourage young people and everyone should have a much as possible. By practising generations and must believe
all leading implementers to constantly learn, parents mindset to continue learning as self-learning, I wish teachers can that they must learn and have the
in education projects to be and teachers had to set a good long as they live. support the country in this policy. desire to learn mindset. This will
reminded that they have a lot to example. The National Education Children and adults must want to go a long way to enable the nation
learn. We need to be confident that Strategic Plan will not be continue to learn and must also to improve its education system by
People who think they know we are capable of doing things difficult to comprehend for have the same vision. embracing inclusiveness which is
everything cannot learn. Only by ourselves. For the children the young and for adults if we State Counsellor Daw Aung very important for the development
teachers and project leaders who to have this mindset, parents understand the fact that we must San Suu Kyi said, I can serve of the country.
keep upgrading themselves can and teachers must encourage learn, and that we continue to effectively for the benefit of the Translation by Zaw Nyunt
lead to a nationwide mindset this desire for learning. The learn. We want to learn and know country only after I have learnt (Based on Myanmar News Agency report)
change. The learning will start problem with older people how to learn. about the needs and the challenges

Australia A
USTRALIA has committed plans to improve access to quality Education Quality Improvement
a further $71.5 million education across Myanmar, said Program, which will assist
over four years (2017- Senator Fierravanti-Wells. Myanmars Ministry of Education
2020) to support the Myanmar Of Australias new funding, $51.5 to better monitor education reforms
Governments implementation million will expand the support and improve management across

pledges more
of its new National Education to the Myanmar Governments the sector.
Strategic Plan. Decentralizing Funding to Australias support for the
This will help children in Schools Project. This project, in Myanmar Governments National
Myanmar stay in school and receive collaboration with the World Bank Education Strategic Plan
a better quality education. Group and other donors, will fund contributes to achieving inclusive

support for
Australias Minister for a new teacher mentoring program and sustained economic growth and
International Development and the and nation-wide early grade the prosperity of our region.
Pacific, Senator the Hon Concetta learning assessments. The Minister also opened the
Fierravanti-Wells, announced the It will also extend the successful Australia-Myanmar 2017 High Level
new support on March 15, 2017 school grants and stipends program, Consultations on Development

during her meeting with Myanmars which has provided grants to over Cooperation.
State Counsellor, HE Daw Aung San 47,000 schools and stipends to Senior officials from both
Suu Kyi. help over 158,000 disadvantaged countries discussed development
I was very pleased to meet children stay in school. priorities, including education, the
with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to hear Australia will also provide $20 peace process, job creation, and
about the Governments ambitious million for the new Myanmar rural development.