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Contents

Contents Page
No.

Declaration ii
Certificate iii
Acknowledgements iv
Abbreviations ix-x
List of Tables xi
List of Figures xii-xiii
List of Box Information xiv

Chapter 1 Introduction 1-41

1.1 Introduction 1-2


1.2 Women employment in India 2-6
1.3 Development of ICT industry in India 7-17
1.3. (i) A birds view of the historical development
7-8
8-9
1.3. (ii) Contribution to the major economic indicator
7-8
1.3.(iii) Important features 8-9
1.3. (iv) Reasons for growth 9-11
1.3. (v) Challenges faced by the industry 11-12
1.4 Development of ICT in Karnataka 12-17
1.5 ICT sector and Employment 17-19
1.6 Review Of Literature and issues. 20-21
1.7 Objectives
21-30
30-31
1.8 Database and Methodology;
31-33
1.8.(i) Database 31
1.8.(ii) Study Area 31
v
1.8.(iii) Sampling and sample size 31-32
1.8.(iv) Statistical Tools for the data analysis, 32
1.9 Importance of the study 32-33
1.10 Limitations of the study 34
1.11 Organization of the chapters 34-36
Notes
37
38-41
References

Chapter 2 Gender based Analysis of the Entry 42-71


Conditions
2.1 Introduction 42-43
2.2 Hypothesis,Methodology and variables
2.3 Profile of the respondents; 43-44
2.3.(i) Socio-economic profile 44-45
2.3.(ii) Educational Profile 45-46
2.3.(iii) Age Profile 46-47
2.3.(iv) Service Profile 47-48
2.3.(v) Pattern of employment 48-51
2.3.(vi) Reasons for taking up an IT profession 51
2.4 Gender based analysis of the influencing factors 51-66
2.4.(i) Personal factors 52-53
2.4.(ii) Socio-economic factors 53-56
2.4.(iii) Educational factors 56-61
2.4.(iv) Organizational factors 61-66
2.5 2 analysis of the significance of the factors 66-67
2.6 Major findings 67-78
2.7 Suggestions and Conclusion 68-69
References 70-71

vi
Chapter 3 Gender based analysis of Salary and 72-100
working conditions

3.1 Introduction 72-73


3.2 Hypothesis, Methodology and variables
73
3.3 Results and discussion
74-94
3.3(i) Gender based analysis of Salary level and Salary
74-78
satisfaction
78
3.3(ii) Work allotment
78-80
3.3(iii) Project Assignment
80-81
3.3(iv)Work hours
82-83
3.3(v) Overloaded work
83-84
3.3(vi) Negotiation with higher authorities
84-86
about project deadlines
3.3(vii)Visibility in group meetings and discussions
86-87
3.3(viii)Flexible working hours
87-88
3.3(ix)Longer working hours
89-90
3.3(x)Interaction with colleagues
90-91
3.3(xi)Participation in recreational facilities
3.3(xii) Selection for on-site projects
92
3.3(xiii) Gender sensitivity among Colleagues
92-93
3.3(xiv) Job satisfaction
94
3.4 2 analysis of Gender based discrimination among work conditions
95-96
3.5 Major findings 96-97
3.6 Suggestions and conclusion 98-99
References 100

Chapter 4 Gender Neutrality in Career Advancement 101-121


4.1 Introduction 101-102
4.2 Hypothesis, variables and methodology 102-103
4.3 Observations and Discussion. 103-115
4.3(i) Gender based promotion status 103-105
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4.3(ii) Significant factors influencing promotion chances 106-109
4.3(iii) Gender based variations among the significant 109-110
influencing factors
4.3(iv) Constraints for vertical growth according to employees 110-115
4.4 Findings 116-118
4.5 Suggestions and Conclusion
118-120
References
121

Chapter 5 Problem of attrition and gender 122-132


based implications

5.1 Introduction 122-123


5.2 Hypothesis and Methodology 123
5.3 Results and Discussion 123-130
5.3(i) Perception of the employees 123-124
5.3(ii) Proportions and Extent of the change 124-126
5.3(iii) Shift for faster growth 127-130
5.4 Major Findings 130
5.5Conclusion 130-131
References 132

Chapter 6 Gender Inclusivity Measures and other issues 133-143


6.1 Introduction 133-134
6.2 Methodology
134-135
6.3 Why Gender Inclusivity?
135-136
6.4 Gender Inclusivity Measures
136-137
6.5 Implementation of the Gender Inclusivity Policy
137-138
6.6 Why lack of effectiveness?
138-142
viii
6.7 Conclusion 142
Reference 143

Chapter 7 Conclusion 144-149


7.1 Major Findings 144-147
7.2 Broad Suggestions 147-148
7.3 Conclusion 149

Bibliography 150-158

Appendices 159-
a. Chronological overview of ICT development in India 159-163
b. Software Engineer: Job and functions 164
c. Questionnaire
165-171
172
d. Research articles published

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