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University of Benin, Benin City

Faculty of Engineering
PEE 582: Natural Gas Processing
(B.Eng. Petroleum Engineering Exams 2012/2013 SESSION)

Time: 2.5 Hours

Name =

Mat. No. =

Answer all Questions in Part A

1. A two phase separator is a ------------- ------------- ------------ that


separates the ---------------- into ------------------ and ---------------
2. The conditioning of a natural gas involves the --------------- of
compounds, such as ----------------- and ------------------.
3. K-values are ------------, ---------------, ------------ -------------- and
can be used for ------------------ of a ------------- point.
4. Natural gas must be -------------------- to meet the requirements to a
---------------- and LPG may be monetized for -----------------------.
5. The maximum number of --------------- separation is --------- and
the --------------- of the feed often determines this ---------------.
6. GHV stands for the ---------- ------------ ---------- of a natural gas
and the unit is ---------- per ------------.
7. A liquid-liquid separator is a ----------- phase -------------------------,
----------------- vessel, installed to separate the feed into ------------,
-------------------- and -----------------.
8. A dew point is defined by its -------------- and -------------- and is
the point at which --------------- ---------------- is -----------------
from either a HC ------------ system or HC ---------------- system.
9. Absorption is a -------------- process of ----------------------- and is
used for the -------------- of water ----------- from the -----------------.
10. De-methanization is the ----------------- of ------------------ from the
------------------------ natural gas vapor.

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11.Inert -------------, such as --------------- and -------------- must be
removed from natural gas to enhance the ------------ of the gas.
12. NGLs are --------------, ------------, --------------- and are condensed
at ---------------, --------------- from a HC -------- system.
13. A flash ------------------- process is a constant -------------, changing
-------------- process, and occurs at the -------------------.
14. The sum of the ------------- -------------- of the ---------------- in the
liquid -------------- must equal ------------- and this defines a --------
point.
15. Transportable natural gas must be --------------- free, to ensure the
optimum operation of a ----------------- installed to move the gas.
16. Stage ------------------ are needed when wellhead --------------- are
very high, to maximize the amount of ---------------- from the flash
------------------------ process.
17. The ---------------- of sulphur --------------- from a natural gas
system is called ----------------.
18. Produced --------------- must be removed at the ------------------ to
avoid the erosion of wellhead equipment.
19. One mole of any gas occupies --------------- at standard conditions
of ------------------ and ----------------.
20. LNG is ------------------ --------------- --------- used principally for
the --------------------- of --------------------.

21. A high pressure well stream will undergo ---------------------- -------


------------------- separation(s) before the stock tank.
22. Non associated natural gas with rich------------------------ are either
--------------------------- or ----------------------------------gases.
23. Conventional natural gas reservoirs are classified into -------------------
And -------------------------------
24. The mole balance of a well stream into a separator is--------------------
-------------------------------
25. Compressors are installed in natural gas system to------------------------
The ----------------------------- required to deliver-------------------
natural gas into pipeline
26. A scrubber is ------------------- ------------------vessel used to ------------
------------- any remaining -------------from the -------------- -------------
27.Sand must be removed at the------------------ and properly --------------
----- and may be used for------------------------------

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28. De- ethanization of natural gas is the -------------------of -----------------
- from natural gas, and the product is a major feedstock to the----------
--------------------industry.
29. Silca gel are ----------------------------------- used in the -------------------
--------------------------- of natural gas.
30. Water ---------------------------- will lower the ------------------------- of
natural gas.

Answer All Questions in Section B

1. a. Properly discuss three reasons why you must process natural gas?
b. Mathematically, derive the definition of a bubble point. Given
temperature and composition of a feed, properly state the steps to
estimate the bubble point, given the necessary information.
c. Properly discuss the various uses of K-values.
d. What is phase separation? With properly labeled diagrams and in
detail, explain stage separations for a high pressure feed. Why must you
perform these separations?

2. a. Derive the following formula: Qg = 380V/1,000,000


i. What are V and its unit?
ii. What are Qg and its unit?
iii. The data below, at 14.7 psia and 100o F, is given for a Feed:

Component Well Stream Composition K-values


Methane 0.4241 185
Ethane 0.0533 41.0
Propane 0.0467 10.8
i-Butane 0.0155 4.40
n-Butane 0.0202 3.50
i-Pentane 0.0092 1.28
n-Pentane 0.0086 1.00
Hexane 0.0313 0.340
Heptane+ 0.3911 0.0180

iv. At what stage is this Feed?


v. Estimate Qgand Q1, given that the value of the feed rate into the
separator is 2500moles/day.

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3. a. What do you understand by the term Dehydration of natural gas
clearly describe the principle behind it.
(b). What do you understand by the term natural gas hydrate and
outline the major causes and how it can be prevented.
b. How can the knowledge from this course help you as an engineer
working for NLNG in Bonny?