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Gauss-Seidel

It is a method iterativo that turns out to be a quite efficient method.

a11x1+a12x2 + a21x1+a22x2 + = b1 = b2

Of the equation 1 we clear x1, of the equation 2 let's clear x2, , of the equation n let's clear xn. This gives us the following set of equations:

The set of equations forms the formulae iterativas. To begin the process iterativo, it gives the value of zero to the variables x2., xn; this gives the first value for x1.

Diego F. Industrialist university Of Santander I Semester of 2010

NUMERICAL METHODS School Of Engineering Of Oils

2replaces the value of x1 in the equation, and variables keep on having the value of zero. This gives the following value for x2:

These values of x1 and x2, we replaced them in equation 3, while x3..., xn they keep on having value of zero; and this way successively up to coming to last equation. With this first step of the process iterativo the first list of values is obtained for the unknowns:

The process is repeated replacing these last information instead of zeros as to the beginning, and it obtains the second list of values for each one of the unknowns:

Diego F. Industrialist university Of Santander I Semester of 2010

NUMERICAL METHODS School Of Engineering Of Oils

Now it is possible to calculate the approximate errors relative, with regard to each of the unknowns:

The process is even repeated that the error is minor than one value prearranged

**Example of the method of Gauss-Seidel
**

To bring the solution of the system near until the error is a minor of 1 % first We Clear the unknowns:

Diego F. Industrialist university Of Santander I Semester of 2010

NUMERICAL METHODS School Of Engineering Of Oils

We clear the unknowns:

The process begins iterativo, replacing the values of x2=x3=0 in the first equation, to calculate the first value of x1=2,66667 It is replaced x1=2,66667 and x3=0 in the second equation, to obtain x2=-2.82381 -2.82381is replaced x1=2,66667 and x2= in the third one equation, to obtain x3= 7.1051 Since we cannot calculate any approximate error yet, we repeat the process but now with the last information obtained for the unknowns.

Diego F. Industrialist university Of Santander I Semester of 2010

NUMERICAL METHODS School Of Engineering Of Oils

Replacing x2=-2.82381 and x3= 7.1051 in the equation 1 obtains x1= 3.6626. Replacing x1= 3.6626 and x3= 7.1051 in equation 2 obtains x2=-3.24404. Finally, replacing x1= 3.6626 and x2=-3.24404 in the equation 3 is obtained x3= 7.06106. This way, we have the second list of values of approach to the solution of the system: Now if it is possible to calculate the absolute errors for each of the unknowns:

Since the target has not been achieved, we must repeat the same process with the last obtained values of each of the unknowns. One notice that

Diego F. Industrialist university Of Santander I Semester of 2010

NUMERICAL METHODS School Of Engineering Of Oils

although the approximate error of x3 expires already in spite of being a minor to 1 %, this must be fulfilled for the three approximate errors Therefore repeating the same process it obtains:

And in this case the approximate errors are:

Now the target has been fulfilled for each of the approximate errors. Therefore the approximate solution is the obtained one

Diego F. Industrialist university Of Santander I Semester of 2010

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