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In 1998 census, what was literacy rate of Pakistan?


When material culture advances faster than the non-material culture, it is called?
____ Cultural lag

Population welfare program was implemented in?_____1981

Population density means?_____ population per square mile

Population density of Baluchistan Province?______18 person

Lynching is an example of?____ collective behavior

The "herd mentality" was the idea of?____ Charles Mackay

Richard Berk coined the term?_____ minimax strategy

The development of new norms to cope with a new situation is?____ emergent

A temporary pattern of behavior that catches people's attention is a? ___Fad

Social movements that seek to change people totally are ______Redemptive social

Max Weber identified as the core reason for the development of capitalism

Three processes of cultural innovation were identified by _____William Ogburn

The adaption of natural items for human use is _____Primitive technology

According to Karl Marx, the change over to the factory system produced

Cyclical theories were developed by ______Arnold Toynbee

Failure to function normally, and even fleeing is the result of____ Panic

Sociologists refer to unfounded information spread among people as____ Rumor

Social change is a process of struggle between social classes over control of the
forces of production. This view is found in____ Marx

Collective behavior requires a background of______ Social unrest

Microsociology____ places the focus on social interaction.
Macrosociology____ is the study of social class and how groups are related to one

According to_______ theorists, the basic motivation in human behavior is seeking

pleasure and avoiding pain ____Exchange

Social interaction is the name of? _____social process

Sociology is the study of social action, said by _____Max Weber

The term dyad was coined by ____Emile Durkheim

The term primary group was coined by ____Charles H. Cooley

Who said "Man is a social animal"? Aristotle.

Who called sociology "Social Physics"? Auguste Comte

3)Bourgeois type of society was introduced by?

Karl Marx

4)When cultural traits spread from one society to another,the process is called?


5)An ascribed status is one that is;

endowed at birth

6)Ethnocentrism means

superiority of ones own culture

7)A system in which one husband is married to many women is called;


8)Levirate means;

a)Marriage of a man with the widow of his deceased brother

b)Marriage of a man with the sister of his deceased wife
c)None of these.

9)Joint family may be preferred because it has;

a)greater financial security
b)Division of labour
c)workable as a cooperative
d)all of these

10)Which of the following is not a major feature of capitalism?

Equitable distribution of income

11)Movement from rural to urban area is called;


12)Religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things.This

definition has been given by;


13)Rapid growth of urbanization is due to advancement in;


14)Whose statement is this"where there is life there is society"

a)August Comte
b)Herbert Spencer
d)Maclver & Page

15)Who developed the "organic theory of society"

a)Herbert Spencer
b)Henry Maine
c)Thomas Hobbes

16)What does culture usually reflect in Modern society?

a)Group culture
b)National culture
c)Geographical culture
d)religious culture

17)Customs are powerful in regulating the conduct of people in:

a)Simple societies
b)Urban societies
c)Industralized societies
d)All of these

18)Which one of these is not an essential element of community

Individual interest

19)Norms in society indicate;

Standarized generalization about normal expected mode of behaviour

20)Which one of the following is not a healthy social process?

d)None of these.

(1) Ethnocentrism means:

(a) Cultural domination of an ethnic group
(b) Ethnicity taken as the unit of analysis in Scientific explorations.
(c) Feeling of superiority of ones own group over others.
(d) The policy of political participation on ethnic grounds.
(e) None of these.

(2) "Significant Others" is the term coined by:

(a) Max Weber
(b) Ferdinand Tonnies
(c) George H. Mead
(d) C.H. Cooly
(e) None of these. (It was Harry Stack Sullivan)

(3) Who strongly believed in social DARWINISM particularly the "survival of the fittest"?
(a) Karl Marx
(b) Spencer
(c) Ibn-i-Khaldun
(d) George Hegel
e) None of these.

(4) Fact may be defined as:

(a) A commonly shared reality
(b) What everyone knows as true
(c) That speaks itself
(d) Verified and verifiable statement.
(e) None of these.

(5) Research design is:

(a) The developing of techniques of data collection
(b) An overall outline of the procedures and operations that includes methods,
techniques and tools of the study.
(c) The decisions that a researcher makes/takes to verify the data.
(d) The way to participate in an ongoing research project.
(e) None of these.

(6) Social Mobility Means:

(a) Traveling of groups from one place to another.
(b) Participation in the cultural activities of modern age.
(c) Migration from rural to urban areas.
(d) Movement of people between positions on different levels.
(e) None of these.

(7) Diffusion is the process of change that stands for:

(a) Transmission of traits and trait complexes from one generation to the other.
(b) Combining of the existing elements to take a new form.
(c) Process of spread of the cultural traits, trait complexes and patterns in space.
(d) A process that eliminates the confusions leading to conflict.
(e) None of these.

(8). The concept alienation was first introduced by:

(a) Max Weber
(b) Karl Marx
(c) August Comte
(d) C.W. Mills
(e) None of these.

(9) Cultural Lag refers to:

(a) A situation where, the Pace of change between symbolic and material culture is uneven.
(b) The state when symbolic culture does not change at all.
(c) The Phenomenon indicating lesser pace of change in symbolic culture
compared to material one.
(d) When people actively resist change. -
(e) None of these.

(10) By culture change we mean:

(a) The change in fashions like that of dress, ornaments, music etc.
(b) The system of political governance and economic organization do not remain the same.
(c) The latest technology is adopted like fax, Internet etc.
(d) Alternation in the actual ways of behaving of people as a result of change in
ideals, ideas and ideology.
(e) None of these.

(11) Vital statistics is about:

(a) Births and deaths
(b) Number of deaths per thousand
(c) In and out migration
(d) Fertility and mortality of economically active population.
(e) None of these.

(12) Social -Institution may be defined as:

(a) Constellation of folkways and mores around some important function or
functions of society.
(b) The People and the buildings at which they work.
(c) A Group of people living and working together for some cause.
(d) A God given way of doing.
(e) None of these.

(13) A Social Problem is:

(a) Difficulty faced by people.
(b) Difficulty faced and realized by people.
(c) An issue that the experts realize to be discussed and resolved.
(d) Difficulty faced by the people who realize that some could be removed
ameliorated through collective social action.
(e) None of these.

(14) Pull and push factors are basic themes of discussion Analysis for:
(a) Social change
(b) Migration
(c) Cultural diffusion
(d) Social Mobility
(e) None of these

(15) Who thought that the moving force behind the new-capitalism stood Calvinism?
(a) Emile Durkheim
(b) Max Weber
(c) Spencer
(d) Karl Marx
(e) None of these

(16) Who has written the book "LIVING ISALM"?

(a) Hamza Alvi.
(b) A.H. Dani.
(c) Sabiha Hafeez.
(d) Akbar S. Ahmad.
(e) None of these.

(17) SAP stands for:

(a) Social Activity Programming.
(b) Social Action Planning.
(c) Sociological Association of Pakistan.
(d) Socio-archeological plan of Pakistan.
(e) None of these.
(18) An operational definition of a concept is:
(a) Classical definition.
(b) In the head definition.
(c) A primer of guidelines for the researcher regarding field operations.
(d) Abstracted and generalized version of reality.
(e) None of these.

(19) The concept of CULTURAL LAG was propounded by:

(a) Ibn-i-Khaldun.
(b) Max Weber.
(c) Merton.
(d) Ogburn & Nimkoff.
(e) None of these.

(20) Socially approved ways of behaving are called:

(a) Cultural- traits.
(b) Folkways.
(c) Social norms.
(d) Mores.
(e) None of these.

(1) Affinal Kin means:

(a) Individuals who are related through blood
(b) Individuals who are legally related through marriage
(c) Descendants of a common ancestor in the male line
(d) None of these

(2) Culture Complex means

(a) A cluster of related culture traits
(b) Artifacts used by primitive people
(c) Originally an approach to culture
(d) None of these

(3) Double descent refers to

(a) Maternal descent system
(b) Fathers lineage
(c) The existence of a paternal and a maternal descent system within the same
(d) None of these

(4) By endogamy we mean

(a) The rule that requires the mates are chosen within some specified group
(b) Mates may be chosen within the same group
(c) Mates be chosen within the same family
(d) None of these

(5) Ethnography refers to

(a) A branch of study devoted to observation studies
(b) A division of Anthropology undertakes descriptive recording at culture
(c) None of these

(6) Feral man means:

(a) A socialized individual
(b) Individual supposedly reared apart from human society and hence imperfectly
(c) An individual rears in a cultural society
(d) None of these

(7) By gerontocracy we mean:

(a) A society dominated by the old men
(b) Young peoples society
(c) A mixed society of aged
(d) None of these

(8) Java man refers to

(a) Fossil man of Neolithic period
(b) A lover Pleistocene fossil
(c) A fossil man found in Paleolithic Age
(d) None of these

(9) Monotheism refers to

(a) The worship of one God
(b) The worship of many gods
(c) The followers of a magician
(d) None of these

(10) By Sorcery we mean

(a) General practice to cure sick
(b) Magic in a more neutral term
(c) None of these

(11) Who coined the term residues

(a) Robert K. Merton
(b) V.F.D. Pareto
(c) A.R.Radcliffe Brown
(d) None of these

(12) By Penology we mean

(a) Studies of social structure
(b) Study of Punishments
(c) Alternative methods of social control
(d) None of these

(13) Mills, C.Wright wrote book

(a) White Collar
(b) The Language of Social Research
(c) Value in Social Theory
(d) None of these

(14) Probation refers to

(a) Dealing with offenders while at liberty to a specified period of supervision by
an officer of the court
(b) Absconded offender
(c) Murder of a criminal
(d) None of these

(15) Social mobility means

(a) Change in the closeness to members of other groups
(b) Movement from one class to another
(c) None of these

(16) By social status we refer to

(a) This is the position occupied by a person in a social system relative to others.
(b) A persons position is given to him by birth
(c) A person gets the position by marriage onl
(d) None of these

(17) Social evolution means

(a) The process of gradual change taking place in all societies from simple to
(b) Decay in social system
(c) None of these

(18) Hypergamy refers to

(a) Position holds in lower classes
(b) Marriage upward from a lower social class to caste into a higher one
(c) A society dominated by wealthy people
(d) None of these

(19) Levirate means

(a) The marriage of a woman to her deceased husbands brother
(b) Cousins marriage
(c) None of these

(20) Totem refers to

(a) High regards between the members of the Community
(b) An object, often an animal or plant, held in special regard by an individual or
social group
(c) Children are looked after with great care
(d) None of these

1) Idea of alienation to work was presented by

a) Comte
b) Karl Max
c) Spenser
d) Emile Durkheim
e) None of these

2. Who presented that capitalism is the product of one sect of Christianity.

a) Karl Max
b) Comte
c) Max Weber
d) Spenser
e) None of these

3. The concept of folkways can be defined as being

a) Culturally salient norms
b) A pattern of behaviour
c) Specified rules of conduct
d) Less salient norm
e) None of these

4. Technic ways means

a) Adjustment of human being with mores
b) Adjustment of human being with Folk ways
c) Adjustment of human being with good habits
d) Adjustment of human being with technology
e) None of these

5. Ambivalence means
a) Single attitude toward one situation
b) In consistent attitude toward one situation
c) No attitude toward one situation
d) Emile Durkheim
e) None of these

6. Magnitude in research methods means:

a) The extent to which two variables relate with each other
b) The direction to which two variables relate with each other
c) The entity of two variables
d) None of these

7. Research process in research methods is

a) Not self-correcting in nature
b) Not cyclical in nature
c) Not observed through theories written material
d) None of these

8. Pakistan population would get doubled after

a) About 23 years
b) About 35 years
c) About 69 years
d) About 87 years
e) None of these
9. Pakistan population is termed as
a) Young population
b) Old population
c) Very old population
d) None of these

10. Emigration means

a) Going out of home country
b) Going out of home district
c) Going out of home village
d) None of these

11. Life span means

a) Passing form one year to next year
b) Maximum number of years that one can live
c) Average life that one can life
d) None of these

12. Within the year group, the major emphasis is upon

a) Achievement
b) Conformity
c) Individual conviction
d) Competition
e) None of these

13. Brain washing consists of extreme and intensive

a) Reciprocal roles
b) Identification
c) Disorientation
d) Resocialization
e) None of these

14. The sociogram is best described as a sociological

a) Concept
b) Fact
c) Theory
d) Technique
e) None of these

15. A caste system as a pure theoretical type is based upon

a) Ascribed status
b) Social status
c) Achieved status
d) Both Achieved and Ascribed status
e) None of these

16. Social class position in a true open class structure is based upon:
a) Ascribed criteria
b) Race
c) Family position
d) Achieved criteria
e) None of these

17. The sex ratio is

a) The number of women per hundred men
b) The number of children a woman has
c) The number of men per hundred women
d) The number of children biologically possible for a woman
e) None of these

18. The term used to refer to the biological maximum number of birth is
a) Sex ratio
b) Fertility
c) Fecundity
d) Natural increase
e) None of these

19. From the stand point of its role in society, one of the great potential capability of religion
a) Lessening confusion by providing a system of beliefs
b) Taking over the socialization process of children
c) Strengthening the other institutions in society
d) The promotion of group cohesion
e) None of these

20. The essential requirement of any sample is that it is

a) As large as possible
b) As convenient to obtain as possible
c) Representative
d) Equal to entire population
e) None of these

(1) Who has given the "Deterministic or Single Factor Theory" about social change:
(a) Emilc Durkheim
(b) Talcott Parsons
(c) Karl Marx
(d) August Comtc
(e) Herbert Spenser
(f) None of these

(2) Who has defined Social Selection Saying "Social Selection as a process of creating
conditions for survival":
(a) Lewis Morgan
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Herbert Spencer
(d) Maclever
(e) None of these

(3) "Crime is learned in Associations". Who said this:

(a) Paul H. Norton
(b) Edwin Sutherland
(c) Wright Mills
(d) George Simmcl
(e) None of these

(4) Who has Linked the theory of social change with Organism:
(a) Karl Marx
(b) August Comte
(c) Herbert Spencer
(d) Talcott Parsons
(e) Kmil Durkhcim
(f) None of these

(5) Who define Crime as "an anti social behaviour":

(a) Klliot and Merril
(b) Gillin and Gillin
(c) Karl Marx
(d) Karl Mannheim
(e) None of these

(6) Which one is the first step in social Research:

(a) Questionnaire
(b) Assumption
(c) Literature Review
(d) Survey
(e) Data collection

(7) Stratified Random sampling technique is a:

(a) Probability sampling
(b) Non-Probability sample
(c) None of these

(8) Who is the founder of "Theory of Class Consciousness":

(a) Mannheim
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Al-Ghazali
(d) Edwin Sutherland
(e) August Comte
(f) None of these

(9) Honour Killing is killing a person in name of:

(a) Money
(b) Property
(c) Respect
(d) None of these
(10) Polyandry is fraternal when:
(a) Woman is treated as the wife of all brothers in the family and should live in
one place.
(b) Woman is supposed to have more than one husband, but it is not essential that they
should either be brothers or must live at the same place.

(11) Population change is mainly based on:

(a) Fertility and Mortality
(b) Mortality and Migration
(c) Fertility and Migration
(d) Fertility, Mortality and Migration
(e) None of these

(12) Which Theory makes us understand that "group mind" and "individual mind" are
different from each other:
(a) Multiple factor theory
(b) Me Dougalls Theory
(c) Trotters Theory
(d) Freudian Theory
(e) None of these

(13) Who said, "Custom intact is not merely prevailing habit, but also a rule or norm of
(a) Maclever
(b) Aristotle
(c) Ginsberg
(d) Karl Marx
(e) None of these

(14) The term "Social Evolution" find its origin from the ----- word "Evolvere" meaning to
(a) Greek
(b) Latin
(c) French
(d) Italian
(e) German
(f) None of these

(15) Who said, "Sociology should relinquish every attempt at discovering origins and forms
of evolution":
(a) Aristotle
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Emile Durkheim
(d) Claude Levi Strauses
(e) Herbert Spenser
(f) None of these

(16) Who is the founder of Sociology:

(a) Imam Ghazali
(b) Parsons
(c) Ibn-i-khaldun
(d) Wright Mills
(e) None of these

(17) What percentage of people in Pakistan are living below poverty line:
(a) 10 percent
(b) 20 percent
(c) 12 percent
(d) 40 percent
(e) 58 percent
(f) None of these

(18) Female population rate in Pakistan:

(a) Forty percent
(b) Forty-two percent
(c) Forty-five percent
(d) Forty-eight percent
(e) Fifty-one percent
(f) None of these

(19) What is the definition of a literate person:

(a) A person who can read
(b) A person who can read and write
(c) None of these

(20) Family headed by a male member is called:

(a) Patri local
(b) Conjugal
(c) Extended
(d) Patrilineal
(e) Patronymic
(f) None of these

When the researcher asks the respondent face to face question, this method is called:
(a) Interview Schedule
(b) Questionnaire
(c) Observation
(d) Interview guide
(e) None of these

2) Power that people consider legitimate is known as:

(a) Force
(b) Right
(c) Authority
(d) Previlege
(e) None of these

3) Social Structure of a society is the network of:

(a) Institutional relations
(b) Value System
(c) Traditions
(d) Compliance to Norms
(e) None of these

4) WID approach believes in:

(a) Gender mainstreaming
(b) Gender Segregation
(c) Incorporating women in development activities
(d) None of these

5) Geronotology is the study of:

(a) Human Beings
(b) Special Groups
(c) Aged and Aging
(d) All of these

6) The most pervasive of the social processes are:

(a) Cooperation
(b) Over Conflict
(c) Competition
(d) None of these

7) Abstract Sentiments are:

(a) Closer to the center of the self than moral rules
(b) Provide a focus for allegiance
(c) Are compellers of action
(d) None of these

8) The creative potential of personality is accounted for by:

(a) Stimulus-response psychology
(b) Drive psychology
(c) Trait psychology
(d) None of these

9) The country with better record for gathering population statistics then any other is:
(a) Japan
(b) Sweden
(c) USA
(d) None of these
10) The exception to the typical application of endogamy is:
(a) Tribe
(b) Kinship
(c) Race
(d) None of these

11) Stratified samples fall under:

(a) Probability sampling design
(b) Non-Probability sampling design
(c) Multi-stage sampling design
(d) None of these

12) Egoistic, the special type of suicide presented by Emile Durkheim spring from:
(a) Excessive regulation
(b) Excessive individualism
(c) Over migration with group
(d) None of these

13) A close connection between religion and economic forces was presented by:
(a) Max Weber
(b) Karl Max
(c) Emile Durkheim
(d) C. Wright Mill
(e) None of these

14) A large kinship group whose members inhabit one geographic area and believe they are
descendent from a common area is known as:
(a) Clan
(b) Tribe
(c) Kin group
(d) Class
(e) None of these

15) A social condition in which values are conflicting, weak or absent is:
(a) Assimilation
(b) Hawthrone effect
(c) Invasion
(d) Anomie

16) In theoretical field social research aims at:

(a) finding problems of human being
(b) identifying delinquent behaviour
(c) reducing social conflict
(d) None of these
17) Survey Means:
(a) Overlooking
(b) Organizing social data
(c) Observation
(d) None of these

18) Independent variables are:

(a) Experimental Groups
(b) Study of social investigation
(c) Study of social life
(d) None of these

19) Qualitative Data Means:

(a) Expressed in number
(b) Expressed in words
(c) Both of these
(d) None of these

20) A Likert scale emphasizes:

(a) Reproducibility
(b) Uni-dimensinality
(c) None of these
Ferdinand Tonnies used the term . To refer to societies dominated by impersonal
relationships, individual accomplishment and self-interests.
(a) Society (b) Gesellschaft
(c) Community (d) Gemeinschaft

2) When the researcher asks the respondent face to face questions, this method is called
(a) Interview Schedule (b) Questionnaire
(C) Observation (d) interview guide

3) Is the process by which people learn all patterns of social life.

(a) Interaction (b) Communication
(c) Socialization (d) Dissemination

4) According to - all societies across the world are stratified.

(a) Anthropologists (b) Sociologists
(C) Economists (d) Political Scientists

5) Biological characteristics distinguishing male from female is called

(a) Heterosexuality (b) Gender
(c) Sex (d) Homosexuality

6) A family consisting of step relations is called :

(a) Plural family (b) Joint family
(C) Extended family (d) Compound family
7) Power that people consider legitimate is known as
(a) Force (b) Right
(C) Authority (d) Privilege

8) Mugging, rape and burglary are examples of - crimes.

(a) Organized crimes (b) general crimes
(c) Street crimes d) Modern crimes

9) A norm is always enforced by sanctions.

(a) True (b) False

10) Society is the largest and most complex group that sociologists study.
(a) True (b) False

11) Endogamy is the marriage among certain relatives.

(a) True (b) False

12) Social structure of a society is the network of -

(a) Institutional Relations (b) Value system
(c) Traditions (d) Compliance to norms

13) Polygamy means

(a) Several Husbands (b) Several Wives
(C) Several Marriages (d) Single Marriage

14) Demography means -:

(a) Male Population (b) Human Population
(c) Women population (d) Adult Population

15) is striving for equal treatment of women and men and for abolishing
(a) Feminism (b) Gender Studies
(C) Political Science (d) Law

16) WID approach believes in:

a) Gender mainstreaming b) Gender Segregation
c) Incorporating women in development activities d) None of these

17) Is Pakistan a signatory of CEDAW?

(a) Yes (b) No

18) Human Rights pertain to caring for the rights of;

a) Women b) Men
c) Minorities d) All of these.
19) Symbolic behavior of a person means
a) Meaningful behavior b) Covert behavior
c) Overt behavior d) Significant behavior

20) Gerontology is the study of

a) Human beings b) Special groups
c) Aged and aging d) all of these
Human and animal societies share all but one of the following characteristics:
a.Population and common territory
b.Shared beliefs and collective destiny
c.Both sexes and all ages
d.None of these

ii)The essential function of punishment in society is:

c.Affirmation of moral standards
d.None of these

iii)The most pervasive of the social processes are:

b.Overt Conflict
d.None of these
iv)One of the following is alien to the concept of culture:
a.Religious ritual
c.Idealized ways of thinking and doing
d.None of these

v)A human being deprived of all communication with other humans from birth would lack all
but one of the followings:
a.Rudimentary personality
d.None of these

vi)Abstract sentiments are :

a.Closer to center of self than moral rules
b.Provide a focus for allegiance
c.Are compellers of action
d.None of these

vii)A person is conciously motivated primarily by his:

a.Social values
b.Real traits
c.Picture of himself
d.None of these
viii)Role confusion in modern society is engendered by all but one of the following:
a.Broadening of role specification
b.Plurality of moralities
c.increase in number of achievable positions
d.None of these
ix)The creative potential of personality is accounted for by:
a.Stimulus- response psychology
b.Drive psychology
c.Trait psychology
d.None of these
x)Once formed the self is:
d.None of these
xi)In modern society, cultural change is most likely to be the by product of:
c.Social struggle
d.None of these
xii)The country with better record for gathering population statistics than any other is:
d.None of these

xiii)The population of the world is expected to double in the next :

a.35 years
b.75 years
c.100 years
d.None of these
xiv)In 2014, the estimated world population would reach
a.3.7 billion
b.6.0 billion
c.9.0 billion
d.None of these
xv)Economic growth will keep pace with population growth only if there is :
a.Available acreage
b.Improved technology
c.Motivation to achieve
d.None of these

xvi)The price paid for increased mobility includes a decrease in :

b.Loyalty to superior
c.Personal responsibility
d.None of these
xvii)The trend toward urbanization is most advanced in :
d.None of these
xviii)In a highly intra-competitive situation, individual can guarantee the trust of peers by :
a.Self modesty
b.Genuine goodwill
c.Withholding praise of superior
d.None of these

xix)The item alien to the concept of mass is :

d.None of these
xx)The exception to the typical application of endogamy is :
d.None of these
Etnocentricism means:

(a) Evaluating other cultures with the Yardstick of your own values.
(b)Taking other nations as good as your own one but disowned
(c)No other society is like yours and your society or group is superior to
(d) None of these.

(2) Social facts have thier independent existence and must be studied
likewise. Who remarked above when discussing scientific method:

(a)Ibn-i-Khaldun (b)Emile Durkhiem

(c)Auguste Comte (d) None of These

(3) An exploratory research design the major focus is on:

(a) Experimentation (b) Hypothesetesting

(c) Profile development and description (d) None of these

(4) Diffusion of innovations among cultures means:

(a) Traveling of traits and patterns in space/territory
(b) Transmission of trait complexes in time.
(c) Both(a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(5) Social institutions are ;

(a) God-given and cannot be changed

(b) Buildings and people who operate there
(c) Consultellation of folkways and moresaround some important functions(s)
of society.
(d) None of these.

(6)A counter culture:

(a) Has to be against the existing cultural ethos/values

(b) May not be against the existing cultural ethos/values
(c) If different from the existing culture may never succeed to survive
(d) None of these.
(7) Family Laws Ordinance was passed for the first time in:

(a) 1961 (b) 1973

(c) 1985 (d) None of these.

(8) Demographic Transition exhibits:

(a) High birth rate and low death rate in its first phase
(b) high death rate and low birth rate in its first phase.
(c) High birth rate and high death rate in its first phase.
(d) None of these.

(9) As a conquence of rural urban migration:

(a) more and more urbanization is takling place successfully

(b) ruralization of urban areas is takling place
(c) ruralization of urban areas and ribbon growth seem to be the result
(d) None of these

(10) In a patriarchal family the major decision are taken by the:

(a)Old men and women

(b)The male or female head of the family
(c)The male head of the family who weilds all powers
(d)None of these.

(11) Sociobiologists believe that:

(a) biology being the major constraints does not allow any change in human
nature hence socialization does not change much of human individual
nature.(b) Individaul is the product of social group within which he is socialized
(c)The-nature controversy has ended in favour of nurture and the
bio-sociologists have failed to promote thier thesis.
(d) None of these

(12)A double-barrelle question has the potential of having:

(a) Two acceptable responses/answers

(b)Two answers but incompatible with each other
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these .

(13) Those who cannot compete have no right for higher learning and must be refused
accordingly who believed in the above thesis?

(a) Auguste comte (b)Spencer

(c) Karl max (d) None of these

(14) Whose theorizing social change is depicted/comes closer to Iqbals verse

AA tujh ko bataon main taqdeer umam kia hai
shamsher w sanna awwal taoos w rabab aakhir
(a) Karl- Marx
(b) Ibn-i-Khaldun
(c)George Hegel
(d) None of these.

(15) The lowest density of population per square kilometer is found in:

(a) Sindh (b) N.W.F.P

(c)Baluchistan (d) None of these

(16) Alteration is the state of affairs in which:

(a) the society has no norms and if there are any nobody follows the
(b) the individual has no claim over the product that he has finished
(c) the worker is least emotionally related to the product that he develops, the co-workers
and the work emviorment.

(17) The rate of return for a mailed questionaire is usually:

(a) very high (b) very low

(c) it can be both (a) and(b) (d) None of these
(18) According to Emile Durkhiem the Mechanical Solidarity is based on:

(a) blood relations and neighbourhood

(b) division of labour and specialization
(c) The contribution individuals make to each other
(d) None of these
(19) Cultural Shock is caused by:

(a) Playing is different role and getting role strain

(b) finding values, norms and customs against ones cultural socialization
usually opposite to what one has been socilizad in and they turn out to
be dysfunctional.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(20) Standard deviation in statistics is the measure that indicates in essence the :

(a) Central tendency

(b) Spread of the sample means/values
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
Any method of data collection that directly removes the researcher from research site
~: .
(a) Erosion measure (b) Accretion measure
(c) Unobtrusive measure (d) None ofthese

2. Commonly used measure of variability whose size indicates the dispersion of a

distribution is: .
(a) Standard deviation
(c) Standard score
(b) Co-efficient of variation
(d) Variance

3. In sample selection a threat that occurs when individuals have been assigned to the
experimental group on the basis of their extreme score on dependent variable is
(a) Experimental mortality (b) Regression artifact (c) Maturation (d) None of these
4. An overall scheme of scientific activities in which scientists engage in order to produce
knowledge is a:
(a) Research process (b) Research model
(c) Research methodology (d) Research design
5. When there is an inherent causal link between dependent and independent variables, the
relationship is:
(a) Non-spurious
( b) significant relationship
(c) Spurious (d) None of these
6. Questions that are relevant to some respondents, may be irrelevant to others are known
(a) Double barreled questions (b) Leading questions
(c) Contingency questions (d) Matrix questions
7. Stratified sample falls under:
(a) Probability sampling design (b)Non probability sampling
(c) Multi-stage sample design (d) None of these
8)Egoistic, the special type of stucide presented by Emile Durkheim, springing from:
(a) Excessive irregulation (b) Excessive individualism
(c) over integration with group (d) None of these
9)To Simmel, a mean of maintaining or increasing integration within groups is:
(a) Co-operation (b) Competition
(c) Coercion (d) Conflict
10)Sociology is introduced as an academic discipline by:
(a) Ibn-e-Khaldun (b) Auguste Conte (c) George Simmel (d) Herbert Spencer
11)Society as a complex organization of parts that functions to fulfill the requirement a..1d
promote the needs of the whole, is a concept of:
(a) Structural Functionalism (b) Interaction School of thought
(c) Phenomology (d) None of these
12)The concepts of Protestant and Bourgeoise were presented by:
(a) Talcat parson (b) Karl Marx
(c) Max Weber (d) Emile Durkheim
13)In The Division of Labor in Society, Emile Durkheim presented the idea of:
(a) Mechanical & organic solidarity (b) Social & psychologica! solidarity
(c) Physical & social solidarity (dJ Psychological & mechanica.: solidarIty
(e) None of these
14)A large kinship group whose members inhibit one geographical area and believe the: are
descendent from a common anceStor is knOwn as:
(a) clan (b) Tribe
(d) class (e) None of these
(c) Kin group
15)The process by which cultural traits spread from one group or society to another is
(a) Folkways
(b) cultural diffusion
(c) counter culture
( d) cultural complexes
(e) None of these
16)The phenomena when educated and highly skilled people emigrate to a new country,
their home country loses, is referred as:
(a) Chain migration (b) Life-time migration (c) Brain Drain
(d) Mover (e) None of these
17)A social condition in which values are conflicting, weak or absent is called:
(a) Assimilation (b) Hawthrne effect (c) invasion
(d) Anomie (e.) None of these