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between objects in the pattern recognition systems

Mammadov Rahim, Rahimova Yelena, Imanova Ulkar

Abstract In this paper problems of increasing of closeness in affinity between objects (MABO) an invariance ( non

estimation of measure of affinity between objects for the sensitivity) to peak or scale variations of attributes values of

increase of reliability of pattern recognition in technical vision recognized and standard images, that is very important at

systems of adaptive robots are considered. Results of carried out time division or spatial separation of measurement processes

theoretical and practical researches for the achievement of of recognized and standard images attributes values.

stated goal are presented.

3. The formula should have a possibility of mutual

Index Terms closeness, measure of affinity between objects, compensation of systematic and random errors arisen at

reliability, pattern recognition measuring of attributes values recognized and standard

objects;

All construction of adaptive robots and flexible industrial equal or close to equal accuracy for different standard classes

systems there are problems of perception and recognition with different values of expectation and root mean square

both patterns of objects and technological processes with the deviation.

purpose of development of appropriate control signals

depending on a problem to be solved/Their efficiency in many The analysis of the existing formulas for an estimation of

respects depends non reliability of execution of measuring MABO has shown that formulas used for purpose.

processes, matching of parameters of inspected and standard Manhattan and Euclidean formula do not meet these

images and acceptance of the necessary decision by the requirements pretty much [3]. In this meaning the most

obtained results about pattern recognition. These processes effective formula from the point of view of meeting of

occur in the presence of the destabilizing factors because of above-mentioned requirements is Camberrs distance (1)

these factors errors in measurement and matching of image [1,3]:

parameters take place that creates the defined difficulties in n

xi yi n

A

deriving the correct decisions. The accuracy of decision d i (1)

making in pattern recognition in many respects affinity i 1 xi yi i 1 Bi

between recognized and standard images, on which decision

on a membership of the incoming information ti this or that The theoretical analyses of this distance taking into account

information set is made [1,2]. given requirements have shown the following.

For providing sufficiently high efficiency of adaptive robots Lets consider the following implicit model of A measure

performance the requirement to these formulas are formulated of affinity between objects [4]:

as follows. A F [ f x ( x; a1 , a2 , a3 ,..., am );

(2)

f y ( y; b1 , b2 , b3 ,..., bm )]

1. The values of the measures of affinity between objects

(MABO) are to be set on a coordinates axes so that the Where f x ( x; a1 ,a2 ,a3 ,..., am ) - function of

different classes of images essentially differ from each other, measuring of attribute value of recognized object;

i.e. the values of distances between two neighbor classes f y ( y;b1 ,b2 ,b3 ,...,bm ) - function of measuring of

within one class should be small, but in going to other class

they should be large; attribute value of standard object; a1 , a2 , a3 ,..., am and

b1 ,b2 ,b3 ,..., bm - respectively destabilizing factors at

measurement of attributes values both recognized and

Rahim Mammadov, Department of Instrumentation Engineering,

Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University in Baku, Faculty of Information standard objects.

Technology and Control, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, Azadlig avenue, 20,

AZE 1010 The task of reduction of MABO estimation error is reduced to

Yelena Rahimova, Department of Instrumentation Engineering, minimization of influence of the destabilizing factors on a

Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University in Baku, Faculty of Information

Technology and Control, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, Azadlig avenue, 20, value of parameters last. For this purpose implicit model of

AZE 1010 MABO is expanded by a Taylor series, and for practical

Ulkar Imanova Department of Instrumentation Engineering, research well confine by linear terms:

Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University in Baku, Faculty of Information

Technology and Control, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, Azadlig avenue, 20,

AZE 1010

63 www.erpublication.org

Increase of estimation accuracy of measure of affinity between objects in the pattern recognition systems

dA df x df y expectations of parameters x and y in view of limitation of

df x df x pattern recognition time or due to fast state changing or

df x n

df x position of dynamic objects or processes. In such case

dX dX (3) estimation of parameters mx,my, *, x, y and during

dx i 1 dai recognition process of images is hampered. Still it is known,

df y n df y that the parameter * depends on cost of errors of the first

dY dY and second sorts, which under a complex formula is

dy i 1 dbi approximately defined by parameters values of distributions

In order to be of measuring errors of attributes values and correlation

between them. And as measuring the attributes the value *

dF df x dF df y

dA dX dY (4) can vary in accordance with a drift of measuring errors of

df x dx df y dy images attributes [5,6]. For improving quality of the pattern

The following should be obtained: recognition process investigations on searching methods of

n n df rising of correlation between errors and their reduction and

df x

i 1 da

dai

i 1 db

y

dbi 0 (5) also estimation of a value * are carried out.

i i

This is generalized condition for invariant image

recognition, and for working out of specific procedure of IV. THE SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM

increasing closeness in estimation of Camberrs MABO it is For this purpose the arrays of values

necessary to take into account the distribution laws of

measuring errors of parameters of input and standard objects. { xi }i 1,n and { yi }i 1,n are taken, which are

Lets assume, that each measured parameters values of normal distributed values around the values mx and my. In a

recognized and standard objects represented as follows: learning mode by multiply measuring of values of attributes of

xi xi ,r xi (6) recognized and standard images we estimate parameters

mx,my, z, x, y and . After that were computing * under

yi yi ,r yi (7) the following formula:

Where

* (15)

input and standard objects; xi and yi - accordingly, 2( 2 x y )

2

x

2

y

measuring errors of parameters values of recognized and Where z* - is more precise value of MABO by one attribute.

standard objects with arbitrary forms and characters. In a mode of pattern recognition it is possible take

Proceeding from the formula (5) a condition of invariance advantage of these parameters and to find a value of MABO

of value Ai after definite manipulations will be the following by one attribute after one measurement [6].

expression: Therefore, the purpose of introduced paper is:

xi yi (8) implementation of modes for reaching equalities of errors x =

y and increasing of correlation between them; finding of

sign( xi ) sign( yi ) (9)

experimental dependence of the parameter * from

Similarly we can deduce condition of invariance for Bi value: metrological parameter of the equipment and from its current

xi yi value at pattern recognition; an estimation of precise value of

sign( xi ) sign( yi )(11)

(10)

MABO on the basis of the obtained data.

For achievement of invariance of Ai parameter value elements

The for the invariance of Z value the following condition

of array { xi }i 1,n and { yi }i 1,n are ranked in increasing

deduced:

Ai Bi (12) order of their values, and a new arrays { xxi }i 1,n and

sign( Ai ) sign( Bi ) (13) { yyi }i 1,n are formed. On a basis of these arrays elements

So such a regime can be made when the value of Camberrs { Ai }i 1,n and { Bi }i 1,n are calculated by formula:

measure of affinity will be invariant to destabilizing factors.

In introduced paper the procedure based on increasing of Ai xxi yyi (16)

correlation between measuring errors of recognized and Bi xxi yyi (17)

standard images parameters by ranking of array elements is

offered. Thus, value Ai and Bi become invariant to destabilizing

The offered procedure is grounded on practical examination factor. For making z values invariant arrays { Ai }i 1,n and

of the theoretically deduced formula for exact estimation of { Bi }i 1,n are ranked in increasing order of their elements

MABO [5]:

and new arrays { AAi }i 1 ,n and { BBi }i 1 ,n are formed,

z 2( x2 2 x y y2 ) mx m y (14) which allow to calculate an invariant value of z:

Where , mx,my and accordingly, value of the Laplace n

AAk

inverse function, expectations of values of attributes xi and yi z (18)

and coefficient of correlation between errors x and y. k 1 BBk

64 www.erpublication.org

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)

ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P), Volume-5, Issue-3, July 2016

This method was simulated and positive outcomes were [4] Mammadov R.G. Analiz metodov povysheniya dostovernosti

raspoznavaniya izobrazhenij sistemami tekhnicheskogo zreniya

obtained.

//Avtomatizaciya i sovremennye tekhnologii.-1998.-9.-s.21-26

Lets analyze these results.

On the basis of simulation data regression models of [5] Mammadov R.G. Povyshenie tochnosti ocenki meri blizosti mezhdu

dependence * from metrological parameter of at pattern obyektami pri raspoznavanii obrazov.- Avtometriya, Novosibirsk,

recognition system are created: 1999, 4, s. 119-124.

[6] Mammadov R.G. Metrological analysis of formulas for the estimation

* 18.085 163.949mz 210.485 x y (19) of the measure of affinity between objects at patterns recognition.-

Proceedings of the 3rd Intern. Symposium on Electrical, Electronic

18.085 and Computer Engineering, November 23-25 2006, Nicosia, North

Cyprus. pp. 307-311

* 18.110 220.7984 x y 18.110 (20)

The analysis of these models has shown, that most reliable Mammadov Rahim, technical sciences doctor, professor. He has more 240

publications in international journals, book chapters and conferences

from them is (20). proceedings, university textbooks, industrial utility models, patents, etc.

Thus, on values |mx-my|, x, y and it is possible to estimate The most significant publications:

value * for further usage at finding of MABO by the Neuronic algorithm for recognition of two- dimentional binary

following experimental dependence: images in noise conditions/ Mammadov R.G., Jafarov N.M. Hasangulieva

M.M. - Proceedings of the 8th International conference on measurement and

z 0.006 1.008mz 0.001 * control of granular materials (MCGM2009), august 27-29, 2009,

(22)

Shenyang, China, pp. 491-493.

0.2255 x y 0.006 Anomalnaya diffuziya i ee vliyanie na xaoticheskie sistemy/

Mammadov R.G., Vladimirskij E.I., Mustafaeva S.R.- Informacionnye

Also it is possible to estimate an approximated value |mx-my| texnologii, Moskva, Rossijskaya Federaciya,2013, 3, str.15-19. ISSN

by the following model: 1684-6400.

mz 0.0054 0.954z 0.001 * (23) Povyshenie dostovernosti prinyatiya reshenij po raspoznavaniyu

obrazov/ Mammadov R.G., Imanova U.G.- elektronnoe modelirovanie, g.

0.213 x y 0.0054 Kiev, Ukraina, 2014, tom 36, 6, str. 116-121.

Kontrol polozheniya 3d- obekta v gibkix avtomatizirovannyx

Thus, taking into account different metrological parameters proizvodstvax/ Mammadov R.G., Aliev T.Ch., Mustafaeva N.P.- Pribory i

of a pattern recognition system its possible to reduce an error sistemy. upravlenie. kontrol. diagnostika. Moskva, Rossijskaya Federaciya

- 2016, 6, str.37-39.

of MABO estimation and to estimate its exact value:

z 0.868 1.134 x y 0.859 Rahimova Yelena, Ph.D , dosent. She has 70 publications in international

journals, book chapters and conferences proceedings, university textbooks,

(24) industrial utility models, patents, etc.

The most significant publications:

Ocenka korelyacionnoj razmernosti i nizhnej granicy

V. CONCLUSION kolmogorovskoj entropii dlya dinamicheskogo ryada rr-intervalov./

By results of theoretical and experimental examining and Abdullaev N.T., Dyshin O.A., Rahimova Y.G.- zhurnal Biomedicinskaya

radioelektronika, Moskva, Rossijskaya Federaciya, 2013, 2, s. 23-27.

on the basis of the analysis of worked out mathematical Ocenka chislovyx pokazatelej variabelnosti serdechnogo ritma dlya

models it is possible to make the following conclusions: opredeleniya funkcionalnogo sostoyaniya serdechno-sosudistoj

Realization of the offered conditions of minimization sistemy/ Abdullaev N.T., Rahimova Y.G., Samedova X.Z. Azerbaijan ali

allows considerably reduce errors of estimation MABO texniki mekteblerinin xeberleri jurnal, Bak,Azerbaijan 2013, cild 15, 1,

s. 66-70.

due to matching measuring errors of attributes of Selection of the optimal compression method for cardio signals in

recognized and standard images and increasing of the telemedicine, Mammadov R., Rahimova Y. , International Journal of

correlation between them; Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR), Vol.5 Issue 2 (June 2016),

Not resorting to complex mathematical procedures it is p.23-25

possible to define empirically a * parameter value and Imanova Ulkar, assistant. She has 10 publications in international

to give the recommendation on choosing the boundary journals, conferences proceedings, university textbooks, patents, etc.

values of decision making on pattern recognition; The most significant publications:

Usage of the offered ways allows in some times to reduce Preobrazovanie analogovih videosignalov v diskretnuyu formu s

povishennoy tochnostyu. Mammadov R.Q., Mutallimova A.S., Imanova,

an error of estimation MABO and boost reliability of U.G. Azerbaijan Ali Texniki mekteblerinin Xeberleri 2 (66), Bak-2010,

decision making at pattern recognition; seh.47-493

Some asymmetry in the formulas is connected to distinction Algoritm izmereniya geometricheskih parametrov obyektov pri

of experiment condition from ideal one and construction silnoy zashumlennosti izobrazheniy. Aliyev T.C., Mutellimova A.S.,

Imanova, U.G. Nauchnie izvestiya; razdel estestvennyh i tehnicheskih

of linear regressive models. nauk, 1, Sumgait, 2011, s.126-133.

Povishenie dostovernosti prinyatiya resheniy pri raspoznovanii

REFERENCES obrazov. Mammedov R.G., Imanova, U.G. Elektronnoe modelirovanie,

5 (tom 36), 2014, Kiev

[1] For A. Vospriyatie i raspoznavanie obrazov/ Per. s francuz.

A.V.Seredinskogo/ Pod red. G.P.Katysa.-M.: Mashinostroenie, 1989

-272s.

[2] Ornatskiy P.P. Avtomaticheskie izmereniya i pribory. Kiev, Vishha

shkola, 1980.- 560 s.

[3] Korn G., Korn T. Spravochnik po matematike. M.: Mir, 1978.- 600s.

65 www.erpublication.org

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