You are on page 1of 3

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)

ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P), Volume-5, Issue-3, July 2016

Increase of estimation accuracy of measure of affinity

between objects in the pattern recognition systems
Mammadov Rahim, Rahimova Yelena, Imanova Ulkar

2. The formula should add to the value of a measure of

Abstract In this paper problems of increasing of closeness in affinity between objects (MABO) an invariance ( non
estimation of measure of affinity between objects for the sensitivity) to peak or scale variations of attributes values of
increase of reliability of pattern recognition in technical vision recognized and standard images, that is very important at
systems of adaptive robots are considered. Results of carried out time division or spatial separation of measurement processes
theoretical and practical researches for the achievement of of recognized and standard images attributes values.
stated goal are presented.
3. The formula should have a possibility of mutual
Index Terms closeness, measure of affinity between objects, compensation of systematic and random errors arisen at
reliability, pattern recognition measuring of attributes values recognized and standard

I. INTRODUCTION 4. The estimation of MABO ought to be carried out with

All construction of adaptive robots and flexible industrial equal or close to equal accuracy for different standard classes
systems there are problems of perception and recognition with different values of expectation and root mean square
both patterns of objects and technological processes with the deviation.
purpose of development of appropriate control signals
depending on a problem to be solved/Their efficiency in many The analysis of the existing formulas for an estimation of
respects depends non reliability of execution of measuring MABO has shown that formulas used for purpose.
processes, matching of parameters of inspected and standard Manhattan and Euclidean formula do not meet these
images and acceptance of the necessary decision by the requirements pretty much [3]. In this meaning the most
obtained results about pattern recognition. These processes effective formula from the point of view of meeting of
occur in the presence of the destabilizing factors because of above-mentioned requirements is Camberrs distance (1)
these factors errors in measurement and matching of image [1,3]:
parameters take place that creates the defined difficulties in n
xi yi n
deriving the correct decisions. The accuracy of decision d i (1)
making in pattern recognition in many respects affinity i 1 xi yi i 1 Bi
between recognized and standard images, on which decision
on a membership of the incoming information ti this or that The theoretical analyses of this distance taking into account
information set is made [1,2]. given requirements have shown the following.


For providing sufficiently high efficiency of adaptive robots Lets consider the following implicit model of A measure
performance the requirement to these formulas are formulated of affinity between objects [4]:
as follows. A F [ f x ( x; a1 , a2 , a3 ,..., am );
f y ( y; b1 , b2 , b3 ,..., bm )]
1. The values of the measures of affinity between objects
(MABO) are to be set on a coordinates axes so that the Where f x ( x; a1 ,a2 ,a3 ,..., am ) - function of
different classes of images essentially differ from each other, measuring of attribute value of recognized object;
i.e. the values of distances between two neighbor classes f y ( y;b1 ,b2 ,b3 ,...,bm ) - function of measuring of
within one class should be small, but in going to other class
they should be large; attribute value of standard object; a1 , a2 , a3 ,..., am and
b1 ,b2 ,b3 ,..., bm - respectively destabilizing factors at
measurement of attributes values both recognized and
Rahim Mammadov, Department of Instrumentation Engineering,
Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University in Baku, Faculty of Information standard objects.
Technology and Control, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, Azadlig avenue, 20,
AZE 1010 The task of reduction of MABO estimation error is reduced to
Yelena Rahimova, Department of Instrumentation Engineering, minimization of influence of the destabilizing factors on a
Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University in Baku, Faculty of Information
Technology and Control, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, Azadlig avenue, 20, value of parameters last. For this purpose implicit model of
AZE 1010 MABO is expanded by a Taylor series, and for practical
Ulkar Imanova Department of Instrumentation Engineering, research well confine by linear terms:
Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University in Baku, Faculty of Information
Technology and Control, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, Azadlig avenue, 20,
AZE 1010

Increase of estimation accuracy of measure of affinity between objects in the pattern recognition systems

dF dF In most cases, there are no possibilities for estimation of

dA df x df y expectations of parameters x and y in view of limitation of
df x df x pattern recognition time or due to fast state changing or
df x n
df x position of dynamic objects or processes. In such case
dX dX (3) estimation of parameters mx,my, *, x, y and during
dx i 1 dai recognition process of images is hampered. Still it is known,
df y n df y that the parameter * depends on cost of errors of the first
dY dY and second sorts, which under a complex formula is
dy i 1 dbi approximately defined by parameters values of distributions
In order to be of measuring errors of attributes values and correlation
between them. And as measuring the attributes the value *
dF df x dF df y
dA dX dY (4) can vary in accordance with a drift of measuring errors of
df x dx df y dy images attributes [5,6]. For improving quality of the pattern
The following should be obtained: recognition process investigations on searching methods of
n n df rising of correlation between errors and their reduction and
df x

i 1 da
i 1 db
dbi 0 (5) also estimation of a value * are carried out.
i i
This is generalized condition for invariant image
recognition, and for working out of specific procedure of IV. THE SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM
increasing closeness in estimation of Camberrs MABO it is For this purpose the arrays of values
necessary to take into account the distribution laws of
measuring errors of parameters of input and standard objects. { xi }i 1,n and { yi }i 1,n are taken, which are
Lets assume, that each measured parameters values of normal distributed values around the values mx and my. In a
recognized and standard objects represented as follows: learning mode by multiply measuring of values of attributes of
xi xi ,r xi (6) recognized and standard images we estimate parameters
mx,my, z, x, y and . After that were computing * under
yi yi ,r yi (7) the following formula:

xi ,r and yi ,r - respectively, true parameters values of z * mx m y

* (15)
input and standard objects; xi and yi - accordingly, 2( 2 x y )
measuring errors of parameters values of recognized and Where z* - is more precise value of MABO by one attribute.
standard objects with arbitrary forms and characters. In a mode of pattern recognition it is possible take
Proceeding from the formula (5) a condition of invariance advantage of these parameters and to find a value of MABO
of value Ai after definite manipulations will be the following by one attribute after one measurement [6].
expression: Therefore, the purpose of introduced paper is:
xi yi (8) implementation of modes for reaching equalities of errors x =
y and increasing of correlation between them; finding of
sign( xi ) sign( yi ) (9)
experimental dependence of the parameter * from
Similarly we can deduce condition of invariance for Bi value: metrological parameter of the equipment and from its current
xi yi value at pattern recognition; an estimation of precise value of
sign( xi ) sign( yi )(11)
MABO on the basis of the obtained data.
For achievement of invariance of Ai parameter value elements
The for the invariance of Z value the following condition
of array { xi }i 1,n and { yi }i 1,n are ranked in increasing
Ai Bi (12) order of their values, and a new arrays { xxi }i 1,n and
sign( Ai ) sign( Bi ) (13) { yyi }i 1,n are formed. On a basis of these arrays elements
So such a regime can be made when the value of Camberrs { Ai }i 1,n and { Bi }i 1,n are calculated by formula:
measure of affinity will be invariant to destabilizing factors.
In introduced paper the procedure based on increasing of Ai xxi yyi (16)
correlation between measuring errors of recognized and Bi xxi yyi (17)
standard images parameters by ranking of array elements is
offered. Thus, value Ai and Bi become invariant to destabilizing
The offered procedure is grounded on practical examination factor. For making z values invariant arrays { Ai }i 1,n and
of the theoretically deduced formula for exact estimation of { Bi }i 1,n are ranked in increasing order of their elements
MABO [5]:
and new arrays { AAi }i 1 ,n and { BBi }i 1 ,n are formed,
z 2( x2 2 x y y2 ) mx m y (14) which allow to calculate an invariant value of z:
Where , mx,my and accordingly, value of the Laplace n
inverse function, expectations of values of attributes xi and yi z (18)
and coefficient of correlation between errors x and y. k 1 BBk

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)
ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P), Volume-5, Issue-3, July 2016
This method was simulated and positive outcomes were [4] Mammadov R.G. Analiz metodov povysheniya dostovernosti
raspoznavaniya izobrazhenij sistemami tekhnicheskogo zreniya
//Avtomatizaciya i sovremennye tekhnologii.-1998.-9.-s.21-26
Lets analyze these results.
On the basis of simulation data regression models of [5] Mammadov R.G. Povyshenie tochnosti ocenki meri blizosti mezhdu
dependence * from metrological parameter of at pattern obyektami pri raspoznavanii obrazov.- Avtometriya, Novosibirsk,
recognition system are created: 1999, 4, s. 119-124.
[6] Mammadov R.G. Metrological analysis of formulas for the estimation
* 18.085 163.949mz 210.485 x y (19) of the measure of affinity between objects at patterns recognition.-
Proceedings of the 3rd Intern. Symposium on Electrical, Electronic
18.085 and Computer Engineering, November 23-25 2006, Nicosia, North
Cyprus. pp. 307-311
* 18.110 220.7984 x y 18.110 (20)

* 0.0597 188.87 x y (21) Author profile

The analysis of these models has shown, that most reliable Mammadov Rahim, technical sciences doctor, professor. He has more 240
publications in international journals, book chapters and conferences
from them is (20). proceedings, university textbooks, industrial utility models, patents, etc.
Thus, on values |mx-my|, x, y and it is possible to estimate The most significant publications:
value * for further usage at finding of MABO by the Neuronic algorithm for recognition of two- dimentional binary
following experimental dependence: images in noise conditions/ Mammadov R.G., Jafarov N.M. Hasangulieva
M.M. - Proceedings of the 8th International conference on measurement and
z 0.006 1.008mz 0.001 * control of granular materials (MCGM2009), august 27-29, 2009,
Shenyang, China, pp. 491-493.
0.2255 x y 0.006 Anomalnaya diffuziya i ee vliyanie na xaoticheskie sistemy/
Mammadov R.G., Vladimirskij E.I., Mustafaeva S.R.- Informacionnye
Also it is possible to estimate an approximated value |mx-my| texnologii, Moskva, Rossijskaya Federaciya,2013, 3, str.15-19. ISSN
by the following model: 1684-6400.
mz 0.0054 0.954z 0.001 * (23) Povyshenie dostovernosti prinyatiya reshenij po raspoznavaniyu
obrazov/ Mammadov R.G., Imanova U.G.- elektronnoe modelirovanie, g.
0.213 x y 0.0054 Kiev, Ukraina, 2014, tom 36, 6, str. 116-121.
Kontrol polozheniya 3d- obekta v gibkix avtomatizirovannyx
Thus, taking into account different metrological parameters proizvodstvax/ Mammadov R.G., Aliev T.Ch., Mustafaeva N.P.- Pribory i
of a pattern recognition system its possible to reduce an error sistemy. upravlenie. kontrol. diagnostika. Moskva, Rossijskaya Federaciya
- 2016, 6, str.37-39.
of MABO estimation and to estimate its exact value:
z 0.868 1.134 x y 0.859 Rahimova Yelena, Ph.D , dosent. She has 70 publications in international
journals, book chapters and conferences proceedings, university textbooks,
(24) industrial utility models, patents, etc.
The most significant publications:
Ocenka korelyacionnoj razmernosti i nizhnej granicy
V. CONCLUSION kolmogorovskoj entropii dlya dinamicheskogo ryada rr-intervalov./
By results of theoretical and experimental examining and Abdullaev N.T., Dyshin O.A., Rahimova Y.G.- zhurnal Biomedicinskaya
radioelektronika, Moskva, Rossijskaya Federaciya, 2013, 2, s. 23-27.
on the basis of the analysis of worked out mathematical Ocenka chislovyx pokazatelej variabelnosti serdechnogo ritma dlya
models it is possible to make the following conclusions: opredeleniya funkcionalnogo sostoyaniya serdechno-sosudistoj
Realization of the offered conditions of minimization sistemy/ Abdullaev N.T., Rahimova Y.G., Samedova X.Z. Azerbaijan ali
allows considerably reduce errors of estimation MABO texniki mekteblerinin xeberleri jurnal, Bak,Azerbaijan 2013, cild 15, 1,
s. 66-70.
due to matching measuring errors of attributes of Selection of the optimal compression method for cardio signals in
recognized and standard images and increasing of the telemedicine, Mammadov R., Rahimova Y. , International Journal of
correlation between them; Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR), Vol.5 Issue 2 (June 2016),
Not resorting to complex mathematical procedures it is p.23-25
possible to define empirically a * parameter value and Imanova Ulkar, assistant. She has 10 publications in international
to give the recommendation on choosing the boundary journals, conferences proceedings, university textbooks, patents, etc.
values of decision making on pattern recognition; The most significant publications:
Usage of the offered ways allows in some times to reduce Preobrazovanie analogovih videosignalov v diskretnuyu formu s
povishennoy tochnostyu. Mammadov R.Q., Mutallimova A.S., Imanova,
an error of estimation MABO and boost reliability of U.G. Azerbaijan Ali Texniki mekteblerinin Xeberleri 2 (66), Bak-2010,
decision making at pattern recognition; seh.47-493
Some asymmetry in the formulas is connected to distinction Algoritm izmereniya geometricheskih parametrov obyektov pri
of experiment condition from ideal one and construction silnoy zashumlennosti izobrazheniy. Aliyev T.C., Mutellimova A.S.,
Imanova, U.G. Nauchnie izvestiya; razdel estestvennyh i tehnicheskih
of linear regressive models. nauk, 1, Sumgait, 2011, s.126-133.
Povishenie dostovernosti prinyatiya resheniy pri raspoznovanii
REFERENCES obrazov. Mammedov R.G., Imanova, U.G. Elektronnoe modelirovanie,
5 (tom 36), 2014, Kiev
[1] For A. Vospriyatie i raspoznavanie obrazov/ Per. s francuz.
A.V.Seredinskogo/ Pod red. G.P.Katysa.-M.: Mashinostroenie, 1989
[2] Ornatskiy P.P. Avtomaticheskie izmereniya i pribory. Kiev, Vishha
shkola, 1980.- 560 s.
[3] Korn G., Korn T. Spravochnik po matematike. M.: Mir, 1978.- 600s.