BCH Channels
BCCH( Broadcast Control Channel ) • Downlink only • Broadcasts general information of the serving cell called System Information • BCCH is transmitted on timeslot zero of BCCH carrier • Read only by idle mobile at least once every 30 secs. • SCH( Synchronization Channel ) • Downlink only • Carries information for frame synchronization. Contains TDMA frame number and BSIC. FCCH( Frequency Correction Channel ) • Downlink only. • Enables MS to synchronize to the frequency.

CCCH Channels
RACH( Random Access Channel ) • Uplink only • Used by the MS to access the Network. AGCH( Access Grant Channel ) • Downlink only • Used by the network to assign a signalling channel upon successfull decoding of access bursts. PCH( Paging Channel ) • Downlink only. • Used by the Network to contact the MS.

DCCH Channels
SDCCH( Standalone Dedicated Control Channel ) • Uplink and Downlink • Used for call setup, location update and SMS. SACCH( Slow Associated Control Channel ) • Used on Uplink and Downlink only in dedicated mode. • Uplink SACCH messages - Measurement reports. • Downlink SACCH messages - control info.

FACCH( Fast Associated Control Channel ) • Uplink and Downlink. • Associated with TCH only. • Is used to send fast messages like handover messages. • Works by stealing traffic bursts.

• Interference is the sum of all signal contributions that are either noise or the unwanted signal. There are two types of system generated interference – Co-channel interference – Adjacent channel interference

Co-Channel Interference • This type of interference is the due to frequency reuse , i.e. several cells use the
• •

same set of frequency. These cells are called co-channel cells. Co-channel interference cannot be combated by increasing the power of the transmitter. This is because an increase in carrier transmit power increases the interference to neighboring co-channel cells. To reduce co-channel interference, co-channel cells must be physically separated by a minimum distance to provide sufficient isolation due to propagation or reduce the footprint of the cell.

Adjacent-Channel Interference
• • Interference resulting from signals which are adjacent in frequency to the desired signal is called adjacent channel interference. Adjacent channel interference results from imperfect receiver filters which allow nearby frequencies to leak into the pass band. By keeping the frequency separation between each channel in a given cell as large as possible, the adjacent interference may be reduced considerably.

HANDOVER CONDITIONS:Handover is done on five conditions – Interference – RXQUAL – RXLEV – Distance or Timing Advance – Power Budget Interference - If signal level is high and still there is RXQUAL problem, then the RXQUAL problem is because of interference. RXQUAL - It is the receive quality. It ranges from 0 to 7 , 0 being the best and 7 the worst RXLEV - It is the receive level. It varies from -47dBm to -110dBm. Timing Advance - Ranges from 0 to 63. Power budget - It is used to save the power of the MS.

Location Area Codes (LAC): Purpose 1. Identify location area of Mobile station 2. In incoming call is paged to all BTS’s within LA

Base Transceiver Station Identity Code (BSIC): BSIC = NCC (3bits) + BCC (3bits) Where, NCC Network (PLMN) Colour Code (Unique for Network) 3 BCC - Base Transceiver Station (BTS) Colour Code (Can be Planned) Range: 0 - 7

NOTE: - The same combination BCCH/BSIC must not be used on cell influencing on each other.

Hopping Basic:Mobile Allocation (MA) list, the list of frequencies for the TRX to hop on Hopping Sequence Number (HSN). Value between 0 and 63. 0 means Cyclic Hopping the rest are for Random Hopping Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO). MAIO defines where to start Hopping in the MA list NOTE: - Two channels with the same HSN but different MAIO never use the same frequency at the same time

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