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Preprint Order Number: PE-066EC (09-2002) ator breakers was taken into account.

breakers was taken into account. The simulations were run for
Discussion Deadline: February 2003 1,110 MVA unit-concerted generator at ground faults along the whole
length of the generator stator winding. It has been found that the
Analysis of Leakage Flux Distributions method of grounding the generator neutral and the parameter of the
in a Salient-Pole Synchronous Machine grounding elements significantly influences the operating conditions of
this protection. It is shown that, through the proper selection of these
Using Finite Elements parameters, the ground-fault protection of whole stator winding, count-
Shima, K.; Ide, K.; Takahashi, M. ing from the generator neutral to the terminals, is ensured.
Keywords: Generators, fault location, grounding, protection, wind-
Author Affiliation: Hitachi Research Laboratory; Hitachi Ltd. ings.
Abstract: It is important to understand the relationship between Preprint Order Number: PE-027EC (09-2002)
iron core configurations and leakage flux distributions to get better de- Discussion Deadline: February 2003
sign of synchronous machines. This paper presents a method for calcu-
lating the steady and transient state leakage flux distributions in
salient-pole synchronous machines. The method provides information Innovative Remedial Strategies for Inverter
on leakage flux distributions that cannot be obtained by terminal quan- Faults in IPM Synchronous Motor Drives
tities. The method analyzes the leakage inductances that properly rep- Bianchi, N.; Bolognani, S.; Zigliotto, M.; Zordan, M.
resent the corresponding leakage fluxes. They are calculated using the
gap flux distributions by finite elements with magnetic saturation. The Author Affiliation: University of Padova; University of Udine;
calculated leakage inductances of a synchronous machine under vari- TecnoMare Co.
ous loads are also shown and the relationship between the inductances Abstract: Interior permanent magnet (IPM) synchronous motors
and magnetic saturation is discussed. are used extensively in many industrial drives, and the development of
Keywords: Finite element method, magnetic saturation, synchro- fault-tolerant control techniques may extend their use to applications
nous machines, leakage inductances. where high reliability, also in the flux-weakening region, is a key-fea-
Preprint Order Number: PE-047EC (09-2002) ture. This paper proposes some innovative fault-remedial control strate-
Discussion Deadline: February 2003 gies for failures occurring in the drive voltage inverter.
Preprint Order Number: PE-076EC (09-2002)
A Novel Method To Detect Broken Rotor Discussion Deadline: February 2003
Bars in Squirrel Cage Induction Motors
When Interbar Currents Are Present Machine Modeling and Universal Controller
for Vector-Controlled Induction Motor Drives
Muller, G.H.; Landy, C.F.
Lai, YS.
Author Affiliation: Sasol Technology; University of
Witwatersrand. Author Affiliation: National Taipei University of Technology.
Abstract: This paper details the theoretical and experimental inves- Abstract: Developments of machine model and a universal control-
tigation into the axial force produced by broken rotor bars on copper ler for vector-controlled induction motor drives will be presented in this
cage rotors. It introduces interbar current theory and the overall fault paper. The machine representations associated with vector control
progression of broken rotor bars. The paper also presents a mathemati- methods referring to various frames, including stator, rotor, and air gap
cal model showing that interbar currents interact with stator flux to pro- flux frames, can be derived simply by selecting different state vari-
duce a force in the axial direction. To substantiate the model, the paper ables; thereby clearly identifying the relationship between machine
provides experimental results on several motors having broken rotor modeling and vector control. Moreover, a universal vector controller
bars. The experimental results verify the frequencies postulated in the for induction motor drives fed by a voltage-controlled voltage source
mathematical model. The measurements also show that these compo- inverter is presented. It is shown that various vector controllers, includ-
nents are load dependent and due to interbar currents in the rotor. The ing rotor flux oriented controller, stator flux oriented controller, and
experimental results suggest a new method to detect for broken rotor air-gap flux oriented controller, can be realized by simply changing few
bars based on the presence of interbar currents. This method may be parameters. Experimental results show that the developed universal
used to aid the existing methods, currently in use today. vector controller for various vector control approaches can be imple-
Keywords: Induction machines, ac machines, vibration measure- mented using the same hardware with minor change to software associ-
ment, rotating machines, prediction methods, windings, spectral analy- ated with parameters, thereby confirming the theoretical analysis.
sis, fault diagnosis, monitoring, failure analysis. Keywords: Induction motor drives, rotor flux oriented control,
Preprint Order Number: PE-360EC (09-2002) stator flux oriented control, air-gap flux oriented control, universal vec-
Discussion Deadline: February 2003 tor control.
Preprint Order Number: PE-660EC (09-2002)
Analysis of Operating Conditions of Ground-Fault Discussion Deadline: February 2003
Protection Schemes for Generator Stator Winding
A Novel Calculation Method for Iron
Zielichowski, M.; Fulczyk, M. Loss Resistance Suitable in Modeling
Author Affiliation: Wroclaw University of Technology; ABB Cor- Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors
porate Research.
Abstract: This paper presents results of simulation studies of the Urasaki, N.; Senjyu, T.; Uezato, K.
influence of methods of grounding the stator winding of the Author Affiliation: University of the Ryukyus.
unit-connected generator neutral on the operating conditions of a 100% Abstract: This paper proposes a calculation method for iron loss re-
ground-fault protection excited by the third harmonic voltages ratio in sistance that is suitable for modeling permanent magnet synchronous
the generator neutral and at its terminals. The analysis was performed motors. The proposed method is based on the linear feature between
for a generator with the neutral grounded through a ground-fault semi-input power and square of speed electromotive force. The iron
neutralizer, a third harmonic stop filter, a resistor, and a capacitive volt- loss resistance is calculated from the slope of this linear function in the
age divider. The influence of the parameters of the particular elements offline manner. The advantage of the proposed method is that the iron
of the grounding circuits on the voltage feeding measuring element of loss resistance can be calculated directly without any measurements re-
the protection was determined. The capacitance to ground of the gener- lated to mechanical loss. The proposed method can be executed at any
58 IEEE Power Engineering Review, December 2002