Maniram Sharma has won a 15-year-old battle for justice.

On Thursday ( 8th October 2009 ), this deaf IAS candidate learnt he has made it to the Civil service. With this, Maniram has not just won a personal battle but a milestone victory for disabled persons like him who have been kept away from the premier government service. Maniram's case has been highlighted by Times of India over the past couple of years how his efforts were thwarted on one ground or the other, till he finally went through surgery to make his aided hearing so good that he gave his IAS interview this time by the oral question-and-answer method. Despite this, his induction into the service was just not happening. ( Read the story .... ) IAS TOPPER 2009- Civil Service Examination NEW DELHI: Perhaps for the first time in the past 25 years, the top three ranks in the Civil Services main examination – the results of which were declared on Monday — have been secured by women candidates. Young Shubhra Saxena has topped the examination, followed by Sharandeep Kaur Brar and Kiran Kaushal, who achieved the second and third position respectively. Varinder Kumar Sharma, who secured an all-India fourth rank, is the topper among the male candidates. Varinder, who is a differently-abled candidate, has cracked the prestigious exam in his first attempt. The top 25 candidates include 15 males and 10 females. Of the first ten positions, four have been secured by Delhi-based candidates and all of them have preferred the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) over the other services. Speaking to The Hindu at her residence on Monday evening, Shubhra Saxena said: “It is God’s grace that everything has worked out perfect for me. You can just pray for such an achievement; you never expect it. It has still not sunk in…..” With subdued celebrations at her suburban Indirapuram home in Ghaziabad nextdoor to Delhi, Shubhra sought to underplay her huge achievement. “I am no special. Last year I attempted, but could not make it to the final list. It was very painful. I believe if I can do it, then anyone can. Keep believing in yourself and keep working hard,” she said. The 30-year-old, who is married, said she decided to go for the Civil Services because she realised she wasn’t in a “position to make a substantial contribution to society while working in the IT industry”. Shubhra has done her schooling from Jharkhand, studied B.Tech. at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee. Her husband is also from the same institute. “There are a lot of problems that our country is facing. I chose the IAS because it gives you a multitude of options. Rural development is my first choice,” said the topper who was born in Bareilly. P. S. Ravindran, director of Vajiram and Ravi institute for civil services examination, noted that after 2003 this is the first time that the first rank has been achieved by a candidate in her second attempt. Interestingly, Shubhra and four other candidates to have made it to the top ten ranks have been trained by this institute. Kiran Kaushal, the third ranker, is the first person to have taken the examination in the Hindi medium and reached this high a rank. Vijay Ketan Upadhyay, who secured the fifth rank overall in his third attempt, said: “I was expecting something within the first 200 ranks, but the fifth position is really unbelievable! In fact, I had already started preparing for the UPSC preliminary examination for this year as I was desperate to clear it on my last attempt…..”

Vijay has studied Veterinary Science at the Orissa Veterinary College. An MBBS graduate from Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, Yash Garg has achieved the sixth all-India rank. Hailing from Sonepat in Haryana, Yash was clear that he wanted to join the IAS since he dreamt of becoming a good administrator. “While working as a doctor in the hospital, I realised I was only impacting an individual patient. Through the IAS, I can impact a larger section of people,” said Yash, who is currently working at Delhi’s Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan Hospital. Just like Shubhra, Delhi-based Surya Pal Gangwar, who has achieved the eighth position, is also from Bareilly. He went on to do his B.Tech. from IIT-Roorkee. “This is my fifth attempt. I was confident it would be something good, but did not imagine it would be this good!” he said. For someone who is married and has a child, Surya said it was “good time management” that helped him achieve his goal. A graduate of Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhiite Aditi Singh secured the 12th rank. “My father and husband are IAS officers. I always dreamt of becoming one. Focus and perseverance are the two key things needed while preparing for the Civil Services,” she added. Shubhra Saxena (Women Candidate) UPSC 2009 Topper Miss Shubhra Saxena (Roll No.159306), has topped the Examination. She has done B.Tech from IIT, Roorkeee. She attributed her feat to her "loving" parents and husband, saying they "were very much supportive when I expressed my desire to appear for civil services."Born in Uttar Pradesh's Bareli, Saxena had most of her education in Jharkhand as her father was an engineer with Coal India. "I always wanted to serve the people. My family sacrificed a lot. I had to stay away from my husband and stay with my mom... they were very helpful," the former IT professional said."I always had faith in myself... so I won. Once a person understands the concept it is very easy to crack the exam. And more important is the ability to believe in yourself," she said. Saxena said her husband was her "biggest supporter" in the past four years while she was preparing for the civil services exam.This is her 2nd attempt.   Interview : UPSC topper Shubhra's Interview with IBN The topper of the Civil Services examination, Shubra Saxena credits hard work and God's grace for her win. Shubhra Saxena spoke to CNN-IBN after her win. CNN-IBN: Congratulations on your spectacular success. Tell us, was it very hard to prepare for this examination? Shubhra Saxena: First of all, thank you. Regarding how hard it was, yes, it was hard. Cracking the Civil Services exam is a tough job. But then I think that every aspirant is working very hard towards it. So it is labour as well as God's grace that has landed me at the top spot. CNN-IBN: Shubhra, I am told that this is your second attempt at the UPSC exam. What did you think worked for you, went right for you during this exam? Shubhra Saxena: My first attempt was in a bit of haste. I was working till the end of 2006 and I decided to write my first Pre in 2007. So I think I did not have much of a time to prepare.

CNN-IBN: Why did you try this exam when you were already employed? Shubhra Saxena: I think it was my dissatisfaction at whatever I was doing and the motivation to do something for the society that inspired me to write this exam. CNN-IBN: What is your message now to future Civil Services aspirants? Shubhra Saxena: Well, work hard and believe in yourself. Everything is possible. I am not unique that I made it here. I am just a part of the crowd. Last year I did not even make it. If you work hard, anything is possible. CNN-IBN: Thank you for speaking to CNN-IBN Article : UPSC topper wants to serve rural India Girls have bagged the top three ranks in the Civil Services Examination 2008 with Noida's Shubhra Saxena topping the test, results for which were declared in New Delhi on Monday. While Sharandeep Kaur Brar has been placed second, Kiran Kaushal secured the third position. It was the urge to serve the country's rural population that made 30-year-old Shubhra Saxena to quit her well-paid IT job four years back and prepare for civil service examinations. "It is a very good feeling. Every person achieves victory on their own pace," an elated Saxena said, minutes after the news trickled in that she topped the 2008 civil services examination. She attributed her feat to her "loving" parents and husband, saying they "were very much supportive when I expressed my desire to appear for civil services." The software engineer, an alumnus of IIT-Rourkee, said she quit her well-paid IT job as she always had a urge to serve the rural population, who are deprived of even basic facilities such as education and drinking water. "I wasn't able to serve the people when I was in the IT field. So, I decided to quit and appear for civil services examination," Saxena, who cleared the examination in her second attempt, said. "My priorities are empowering the rural masses and providing education to them." Born in Uttar Pradesh's Bareilly, Saxena had most of her education in Jharkhand as her father was an engineer with Coal India. A total of 791 candidates have cracked the exam for which written test was conducted in October-November last year and the interview for personality test was held in March-April this year, the UPSC said. The candidates, who have been recommended for appointment, include 364 from general category, 236 from OBC, 130 from SC and 61 from ST group. The topper Shubhra Saxena has done her B Tech from IIT Roorkee. This was her second attempt. Second topper Sharandeep Kaur has done her MA from Punjab University. The top 25 candidates included 10 women. While 12 of them are from Commerce, Management, Humanities, Science and Social Sciences, nine candidates are from streams of Engineering and four from Medical Sciences. A total of 3,18,843 candidates applied for the examination, while 1,67,035 appeared for the preliminary examination. Of them 11,849 qualified for the Mains but only 2,140 could make it to the personality test.

Courtesy:- NDTV Mr. Sorabh Babu Maheshwari (23) achieved 1st position among the successful candidates of the Civil Services Examination, 1999-2000. He has done B.E. (Mech.) " Planned Studies, Hard Work and INNER motivation are the Keys to Success " We publish below an exclusive interview he gave to Competition Success Review. CSR: What is the secret of your success in the Civil Services Examination? Sorabh Babu Maheshwari : There are myriad of factors responsible; to sum up God's grace, family's support and encouragement, planned studies, hard work, inner motivation can be cited as the main factors. Q. How much time do you think one requires for serious preparation for this examination ? A. Atleast one year of serious dedicated preparation. Q. Which journals and newspapers have you been reading for the General Knowledge and other papers ? A. Competition Success Review, General Knowledge Today, The Hindu, The Hindustan Times, Frontline and a regular reader of India Today Q.What is your impression of the Interview Board ? A, Questions posed before a candidate are very well framed and answers to them should be made taking into consideration all possible views and a balanced approach is expected from a candidate. Q. What is your advice to the future aspirants ? A. The path towards this coveted service passes through many ups and downs. To carry oneself along these pulls and pushes requires strong inner motivation and decision to aspire for Civil Services should come from within. Q . Competition Success Review, the largest selling youth magazine in English, has been extremely helpful because... A. ...it helped in providing ready, easy-to-use material thus saving time. Topics, which are unique to this magazine e.g.,IAS Topper Talks To You, Essays, Personality. Tests proved extremely helpful while preparing as they give good insight into these issues. Q. What prompted you to choose Civil Services as your career? A. the unique blend of service opportunities which Civil Services offers. Diversity of job, being a party in policy implementation, bigger responsibilities, social esteem and to do good to common masses were some factors which made me to go in for Civil Services. Q. How did your parents, family and friends contribute to your success ? A. A larger part of success is attributable to them. Without the constant support, encouragement and boost up by family members and friends at times, this day was not possible. Q. Had you not been selected in the Civil Services Examination, what would have been your reaction ? Which other service career would you have gone in-opted for? A.This year. I did well in Written Exam ,and Interview and was confident of getting good rank. In adverse situation of not getting selected, though sad I would have gone

for another attempt after finding out my lacunae. Q. How would you visualise your success ? A. Combined effort of everything went in my favour. I dedicate my success to my parents and elder brother and now find myself at a platform with even bigger responsibilities and challenges as never before. Q Whom do you attribute your success to ? A. To my eldest brother especially who has been a constant source of motivation throughout my life span. Without whose support, I could not have achieved this. Q. What Were your Optionals for the Civil Services Examination ? A. Mathematics for Prelims; Mathematics and Mechanical Engineering for Mains. Q. What was your criterion for the selection of Optional subjects ? A. Having studied Mechanical Engg. in my graduation for 4 years, I found it a natural choice and I felt quite comfortable with Mathematics. Q. How did you prepare for your Compulsory papers? A. I made a list of topics to be read, then gave them a priority based on their importance and started from the top giving due time to each of them. This approach was mandatorv for me as I am already in job and did not have ample time. Q. Competition Success Review is the largest read youth magazine in English. How do you visualise the role of this magazine in moulding the careers of the youth ? A. Since my childhood, Civil Services ,specific issues particularly the column of 'IAS Toppers Talk To You' inspired me a lot to go for Civil Services as my career. Q. How did Competition Succeess Review help you in your preparation for the interview? A. Supplements like 'My Personality Test', 'Facing The Interview Board', 'Improve Your Personality' and 'Group Discussion' give quite an original view of the personality test and help us in assessing our deficiencies beforehand and taking corrective measures. Q. What is your opinion about Competition Success Review? A. Competition Success Review is indispensable for aspirants to Civil Services and other competitive exams. It is helping, candidates a lot. It is a part of study material. Q. What is your opinion about General Knowledge Today? A. More information ' i less space is the buzzword for General Know1cdgr Today. It provides quite handy, ready-to-use facts, database and information and as such is quite useful during revision hours. Q. What do you think is the better way of preparation between selective, intensive study and wide, extensive study ? A. Wide extensive study should be followed by selective intensive study. Q. Is the pattern of the examination appropriate for selection ? Would you recommend any improvement? A. By and large, the pattern of examination is good. Efforts, however, should be made to reduce the shell time of the whole process in line with other exams. Q. Do you feel that there should be no restriction on the number of attempts ? A. Current policy of restricting attempts checks non-serious candidates and prevents flooding up of the exam. This should continue. ,

Q. With the resumption of Essay paper in UPSC examinations, we are giving four senior essays every month. Is this focusoriented, analytical, feature helpful for the TAS aspirants ? A. Definitely yes. Best way to prepare for Essay paper is through careful reading of these well-crafted essays by top slot authors. It sharpens the writing ability and boosts confidence. Q. How do you think Competition Success Review could be more useful to the candidates appearing in the Civil Services and various other competitive examinations ? A. At present, it focusses only on General Studies aspects. Recent trends and practices in various Optionals should be published to make candidates more aware. Some more model question papers should also be given. The mantra to crack civil services exam With the number of vacancies on the increase, this would be the best time to aim for a place in the list of selected candidates. The right strategy would be to answer all the questions in the examination without an inch of over confidence. The examination system devised for selection to the higher civil services is one of the most exhaustive and comprehensive. The examination system follows a sequential pattern based on the time honored principle that the ‘average quality would get richer as the stream proceeds from one stage to the next’. Sequences would improve the efficiency of the selection process and make it more ‘homogenous’. The sequential selection begins with the Preliminary examination, followed by the Main examination and concludes with the Personality Test. About 1.9 lakh candidates had appeared at the Preliminary in May this year and about 12,000 were declared as qualified for the second stage i.e., the Main examination. The Main examination is scheduled to commence in the last week of October, 2009. The Main examination comprises 9 papers, all of them of a descriptive type conducted within a span of 20 days. It is designed to test not only the academic talent of the aspirant but also his ability to coordinate and present his knowledge in a clear and cogent manner. Hence the examination by its very structuring is multi-dimensional in approach. To begin with, the basic skills of an aspirant in a Modern Indian Language and English are tested. This is followed by two papers in General Studies, a General Essay Paper and two papers each in the two optionals chosen by the aspirant. Qualifying papers There are two qualifying papers i.e., a Modern Indian Language and General English. Marks scored in these papers are not counted for ranking. However, scoring a minimum of 35 per cent would be necessary. The paper would consist of an Essay, Translation, Precis writing, Sentence formation, idioms/ proverbs and their meaning etc. Candidates who have lost touch with writing Telugu / Hindi should devote time for writing practice. The right strategy would be to answer all the questions in the examination without an inch of over confidence. General Essay Ever since this paper was reintroduced in the scheme of examination in 1993, it has played a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55 per cent in this paper. Some candidates have also scored

around 60 per cent which has helped them secure a position in the top ten ranks. How does one score high in the Essay paper? A two pronged strategy involving the correct choice of topic and the appropriate method of writing can be adopted. It is advisable to choose the factual topics which are non-controversial in nature. Method of writing It is advisable to devote the first five to ten minutes in ‘zeroing in’ on two topics. The next five minutes can be spent thinking about both the topics and arriving at the one which is in your ‘comfort zone’. Having decided on the topic, start brain storming - write down all the ideas that you have about the topic. At this stage, do not classify or systematise your points. Put them on paper randomly as they flow in. Later, arrange these ideas in a logical and sequential manner. Having arrived at the sequence, start writing, giving due care to the introduction, the nody and finally the conclusion. Ensure that you have time for revision. Remember it is a General Essay paper and you should not be highly technical. Likely topics The topics that can be expected this year are : Globalisation and the Human empire; Reservations are only a part of Affirmative Action; Public Libraries as a Foundation of Knowledge Economy; India and the emerging Non-Proliferation Order; 50 Years of Indian Television; Women in Indian Politics. General Studies In General Studies, we have two papers i.e., Paper-I and Paper-II. Paper-I comprises History of Modern India and Indian Culture, Geography of India, Indian Polity, Current Issues and topics of social relevance. Paper-II comprises India and the World, Indian economy, International affairs and institutions, Developments in science and technology, communications and space, statistical analysis and graphs and diagrams. Scoring high in these papers requires a business approach i.e., the time allocated by you should be commensurate to the marks that will accrue from the question. Assuming that the foundations are in place, it is better to focus on the most important areas. The list of important areas is given below: a) History: The ‘Swadeshi Movement’, Peasant Movements in the 1930’s and 1940’s Agrarian Reforms. b) Economic Geography of India: State of power generation in India and power reforms; Inter-State Trading Regulations 2003; Entrepreneurship in India; Progress of special programmes for raising agricultural production; Infrastructure and its multiplier effects; Constraints in public-private partnerships in the process of development; Gangavaram Port; Project Snow Leopard; Ganga River Basin Authority; the Bombay-Worli sea link. c) Current Issues and Topics of Social Relevance: Law Commissions recommendations on ‘Narco – Analysis’; World Health Organisations and swine flu; Ethical issues involved in stem cell research; Sixth Pay Commission and Armed Forces; Central strategy to deal with Naxalism; Government’s plans to strengthen maritime and costal security; Reasons for poor performance of India at the Olympics; ragging; National Knowledge Commission and Indian systems of medicine; recent measures for social

protection; racial attacks; social networking; social audit; exclusion of women from productive employment. d) Indian Polity: State politics Vs national politics of the Punchhi Commission on Centre-State relations, Unorganised Workers Social Security Bill 2000; Supreme Court’s Observation in T.N. Seshan Vs Union of India. The steps in the process of the removal of a judge; the RTI Act, Right to Education; National Security Guards; Law Commission Report on appointment of judges; India Development Foundation; Independence and removal of Election Commissioners; Delimitation Commission. After having identified the important areas in the compulsory papers, it is advisable to repeat the same exercise in the optionals. Such an effort will ensure a rich harvest at the examination. With the number of vacancies on the increase this would be the best time to aim for being included in the list of selected candidates. Ensure, you do so by adopting the winning edge. Gopala Krishna, Director, Brain Tree The mantra to crack civil services exam With the number of vacancies on the increase, this would be the best time to aim for a place in the list of selected candidates. The right strategy would be to answer all the questions in the examination without an inch of over confidence. The examination system devised for selection to the higher civil services is one of the most exhaustive and comprehensive. The examination system follows a sequential pattern based on the time honored principle that the ‘average quality would get richer as the stream proceeds from one stage to the next’. Sequences would improve the efficiency of the selection process and make it more ‘homogenous’. The sequential selection begins with the Preliminary examination, followed by the Main examination and concludes with the Personality Test. About 1.9 lakh candidates had appeared at the Preliminary in May this year and about 12,000 were declared as qualified for the second stage i.e., the Main examination. The Main examination is scheduled to commence in the last week of October, 2009. The Main examination comprises 9 papers, all of them of a descriptive type conducted within a span of 20 days. It is designed to test not only the academic talent of the aspirant but also his ability to coordinate and present his knowledge in a clear and cogent manner. Hence the examination by its very structuring is multi-dimensional in approach. To begin with, the basic skills of an aspirant in a Modern Indian Language and English are tested. This is followed by two papers in General Studies, a General Essay Paper and two papers each in the two optionals chosen by the aspirant. Qualifying papers There are two qualifying papers i.e., a Modern Indian Language and General English. Marks scored in these papers are not counted for ranking. However, scoring a minimum of 35 per cent would be necessary. The paper would consist of an Essay, Translation, Precis writing, Sentence formation, idioms/ proverbs and their meaning etc. Candidates who have lost touch with writing Telugu / Hindi should devote time for writing practice. The right strategy would be to answer all the questions in the examination without an inch of over confidence.

General Essay Ever since this paper was reintroduced in the scheme of examination in 1993, it has played a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55 per cent in this paper. Some candidates have also scored around 60 per cent which has helped them secure a position in the top ten ranks. How does one score high in the Essay paper? A two pronged strategy involving the correct choice of topic and the appropriate method of writing can be adopted. It is advisable to choose the factual topics which are non-controversial in nature. Method of writing It is advisable to devote the first five to ten minutes in ‘zeroing in’ on two topics. The next five minutes can be spent thinking about both the topics and arriving at the one which is in your ‘comfort zone’. Having decided on the topic, start brain storming - write down all the ideas that you have about the topic. At this stage, do not classify or systematise your points. Put them on paper randomly as they flow in. Later, arrange these ideas in a logical and sequential manner. Having arrived at the sequence, start writing, giving due care to the introduction, the nody and finally the conclusion. Ensure that you have time for revision. Remember it is a General Essay paper and you should not be highly technical. Likely topics The topics that can be expected this year are : Globalisation and the Human empire; Reservations are only a part of Affirmative Action; Public Libraries as a Foundation of Knowledge Economy; India and the emerging Non-Proliferation Order; 50 Years of Indian Television; Women in Indian Politics. General Studies In General Studies, we have two papers i.e., Paper-I and Paper-II. Paper-I comprises History of Modern India and Indian Culture, Geography of India, Indian Polity, Current Issues and topics of social relevance. Paper-II comprises India and the World, Indian economy, International affairs and institutions, Developments in science and technology, communications and space, statistical analysis and graphs and diagrams. Scoring high in these papers requires a business approach i.e., the time allocated by you should be commensurate to the marks that will accrue from the question. Assuming that the foundations are in place, it is better to focus on the most important areas. The list of important areas is given below: a) History: The ‘Swadeshi Movement’, Peasant Movements in the 1930’s and 1940’s Agrarian Reforms. b) Economic Geography of India: State of power generation in India and power reforms; Inter-State Trading Regulations 2003; Entrepreneurship in India; Progress of special programmes for raising agricultural production; Infrastructure and its multiplier effects; Constraints in public-private partnerships in the process of development; Gangavaram Port; Project Snow Leopard; Ganga River Basin Authority; the Bombay-Worli sea link. c) Current Issues and Topics of Social Relevance: Law Commissions recommendations

on ‘Narco – Analysis’; World Health Organisations and swine flu; Ethical issues involved in stem cell research; Sixth Pay Commission and Armed Forces; Central strategy to deal with Naxalism; Government’s plans to strengthen maritime and costal security; Reasons for poor performance of India at the Olympics; ragging; National Knowledge Commission and Indian systems of medicine; recent measures for social protection; racial attacks; social networking; social audit; exclusion of women from productive employment. d) Indian Polity: State politics Vs national politics of the Punchhi Commission on Centre-State relations, Unorganised Workers Social Security Bill 2000; Supreme Court’s Observation in T.N. Seshan Vs Union of India. The steps in the process of the removal of a judge; the RTI Act, Right to Education; National Security Guards; Law Commission Report on appointment of judges; India Development Foundation; Independence and removal of Election Commissioners; Delimitation Commission. After having identified the important areas in the compulsory papers, it is advisable to repeat the same exercise in the optionals. Such an effort will ensure a rich harvest at the examination. With the number of vacancies on the increase this would be the best time to aim for being included in the list of selected candidates. Ensure, you do so by adopting the winning edge. Gopala Krishna, Director, Brain Tree The examination will consist of two papers. Paper I General Studies Paper II One subject to be selected from the list of optional subjects set out in Para 2 below Total : 150 marks

300 marks

450 marks

Note (i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions).(ii) The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English. (iii) The course content of the syllabi for the optional subjects will be of the degree level. Details of the syllabi are indicated in Part A of Section III. (iv) Each paper will be of two hours duration. Blind candidates will, however, be allowed an extra time of twenty minutes at each paper.

B. Main Examination The written examination will consist of the following papers : Paper I One of the Indian languages to be selected by the candidate from the 300 marks

Languages included in the Eighth Scheduled to the Constitution. Paper II English Paper III Essay Papers General Studies IV and V 300 marks 200 marks 300 marks for each paper

Papers VI, VII, VIII and IX

Any two subjects to be selected from the 300 marks list of the optional subjects set out in para  for each 2 below. Each subject will have two paper papers.

Interview Test will carry 300 marks. Note (i) The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature; the marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. (ii) Evaluation of the papers, namely, 'Essay, General Studies' and 'Optional subjects' of all the candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on 'Indian Languages' and 'English' but the papers on 'Essay', 'General Studies' and 'Optional Subjects' of only such candidates will be taken cognizance of as attain such minimum standard as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion for the qualifying papers on 'Indian Language' and 'English' and, therefore, the marks in 'Essay', 'General Studies' and 'Optional Subjects' will not be disclosed to those candidates who fail to obtain such minimum qualifying standard in 'Indian Language' and 'English' (iii) The paper-I on Indian Languages will not, however, be compulsory for candidates hailing from the NorthEastern States of Arunachanl Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland and also for candidates hailing from the State of Sikkim. (iv) For the Language papers, the script to be used by the candidates will be as under :– Note:- For Santhali language, question paper will be printed in Devanagari script; but candidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki. 2. List of optional subjects for Main Examination

Literature of one of the following languages : Arabic, Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, Dogri, Chinese, English, French, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Pali, Persian, Punjabi, Russian, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu. Note (i) Candidates will not be allowed to offer the following combinations of subjects :– (a) Political Science & International Relations and Public Administration; (b) Commerce & Accountancy and Management; (c) Anthropology and Sociology; (d) Mathematics and Statistics; (e) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science. (f) Management and Public Administration; (g) Of the Engineering subjects, viz., Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering–not more than one subject. (h) Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science and Medical Science. (ii) The question papers for the examination will be of conventional (essay) type. (iii) Each paper will be of three hours duration. Blind candidates will, however be allowed an extra time of thirty minutes at each paper. (iv) Candidates will have the option to answer all the question papers, except the language papers viz. Papers I and II above in any one of the languages in cluded in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution or in English. (v) Candidates exercising the option to answer papers III to IX in any one of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution may, if they so desire, give English version within brackets of only the description of the technical terms, if any, in addition to the version in the language opted by them. Candidates should, however, note that if they misuse the above rule, a deduction will be made on this

account from the total marks otherwise accruing to them and in extreme cases, their script(s) will not be valued for being in an unauthorised medium. (vi) The question papers other than language papers will be set both in Hindi and English. (vii) The details of the syllabi are set out in Part B of

Section III
General Instructions (Preliminary as well as Main Examination) : (i) Candidates must write the papers in their own hand. In no circumstances, will they be allowed the help of a scribe to write the answers for them. However, blind candidates will be allowed to write the examination with the help of a scribe. (ii) An extra time of twenty minutes per hour shall be permitted for the candidates with locomotors disability and cerebral palsy where dominant (writing) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40% impairment) in the Civil Services (Main) Examination only. However, no scribe shall be permitted to such candidates. Note (1) : The eligibility conditions of a scribe, his/her conduct inside the examination hall and the manner in which and extent to which he/she can help the blind candidate in writing the Civil Services Examination shall be governed by the instructions issued by the UPSC in this regard. Violation of all or any of the said instructions shall entail the cancellation of the candidature of the blind candidate in addition to any other action that the UPSC may take against the scribe. Note (2) : For purpose of these rules the candidate shall be deemed to be a blind candidate if the percentage of visual impairment is 40% or more. Note (3) :For availing of the concession admissible to a blind candidate, the candidate concerned shall produce a certificate in the prescribed proforma from a Medical Board constituted by the Central/State Governments alongwith his application for the Main Examination. Note (4) : The concession admissible to blind candidates shall not be admissible to those suffering from Myopia. (ii) The Commission have discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all the subjects of the examination. (iii) If a candidate’s handwriting is not easily legible, a deduction will be made on this account from the total marks otherwise accruing to him. (iv) Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial knowledge. (v) Credit will be given for orderly, effective and exact expression combined with due economy of words in all subjects of the examination. (vi) In the question papers, wherever required, SI units will be used. (vii) Candidates should use only international form of Indian numerals (i.e. 1,2,3,4,5,6 etc.) while answering question papers. (viii) Candidates will be allowed the use of Scientific (Non-Programmable type) calculators at the conventional (Essay) type examination of UPSC. Programmable type calculators will however not be allowed and the use of such calculators shall tantamount to resorting to unfair means by the candidates. Loaning or interchanging of calculators in the Examination Hall is not permitted.

It is also important to note that candidates are not permitted to use calculators for answering objective type papers (Test Booklets). They should not therefore bring the same inside the Examination Hall. C. Interview test The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career. He will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgment, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity. 2. The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate. 3. The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Indianisation of the superior Civil Services became one of the major demands of the political movement compelling the British Indian Government to consider setting up of a Public Service Commission for recruitment to its services in the territory. The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1st, 1926. However, its limited advisory functions failed to satisfy the people’s aspirations and the continued stress on this aspect by the leaders of our freedom movement resulted in the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act 1935. Under this Act, for the first time, provision was also made for the formation of Public Service Commissions at the provincial level. The Constituent Assembly, after independence, saw the need for giving a secure and autonomous status to Public Service Commissions both at Federal and Provincial levels for ensuring unbiased recruitment to Civil Services as also for protection of service interests. With the promulgation of the new Constitution for independent India on 26th January, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title – Union Public Service Commission  Constitutional Provisions The Union Public Service Commission has been established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The Commission consists of a Chairman and ten Members. The terms and conditions of service of Chairman and Members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969. The Commission is serviced by a Secretariat headed by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, a number of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other supporting staff. The Union Public Service Commission have been entrusted with the following duties and role under the Constitution:

1. Recruitment to services & posts under the Union through conduct of competitive 

examinations;  2.   Recruitment   to   services   &   posts under the Central Government by Selection through  
Interviews;  3. Advising on the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-ondeputation;  4. Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts; 

5.   Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services; and   
6. Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc.  The major role played by the Commission is to select persons to man the various Central Civil Services and Posts and the Services common to the Union and States (viz. All-India Services). EXPENSES OF PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS  The expenses of the Union or a State Public Service Commission, including any salaries, allowances and pensions payable to or in respect of the members or staff of the Commission, shall be charged on the consolidated Fund of India or, as the case may be, the Consolidated Fund of the State. RECRUITMENT TO VARIOUS SERVICES AND POSTS To Duties & Role of the Commission Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission are, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. RECRUITMENT is made by one of the following three methods:

1.   Direct Recruitment;    2.   Promotion; and    3. Transfer 
DIRECT RECRUITMENT is conducted broadly under the following two methods: RECRUITMENT BY COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION Under the Constitution one of the functions of the Commission is to conduct examinations for appointment to Civil Services/Posts of the Union. In addition, competitive examinations are also held by the Commission under arrangements with the Ministry of Defence for entry to certain Defence Services, through the National Defence Academy, Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and the Officers Training Academy. The Commission usually conducts over a dozen examinations every year on an all India basis. These include Examinations for recruitment to services/posts in various fields, such as Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc. For an overview of examinations regularly held by the Commission. See "Overview of Examination" under this Chapter. At present the Union Public Service Commission conduct their examinations at numerous venues spread over 42 regular centers throughout the country. RECRUITMENT BY SELECTION

Recruitment by Selection is made by the following methods:

1. By Interview Only  2. By Recruitment Test Followed By Interview 
BY INTERVIEW ONLY Where the number of applicants is very large, it is not practicable to call for Interview all the applicants who fulfill the minimum eligibility conditions prescribed. The Commission, therefore, shortlist the candidates to be called for the interview on the basis of certain pre-determined criteria related to the job. A large number of recruitment cases is handled by the Commission by the method (1) above. BY WRITTEN TEST FOLLOWED BY INTERVIEW In this category, there are two types of procedure followed: a. An objective-type written and/or practical test to test the skill of the candidates followed by Interview, the final selection being decided by Interview, aided by the performance of the candidates in the written test and/or practical test.  b. An objective-type written and/or practical test to screen candidates to be called for interview, the final selection being decided by Interview only.   Appointment By Promotion And Transfer On Deputation/Transfer In accordance with the procedure decided by the Government, in consultation with the Commission, Chairman or a Member of the Commission presides over the Departmental Promotion Committee Meetings to consider promotions from Group B to Group A and from one grade to another within group A, where promotion is to be made by Selection. Deputation The Recruitment Rules for a number of posts provide for appointment by Transfer on Deputation (including short term contract) and Transfer. When the field of consideration consists of Central Government as well as State Government officers, prior consultation with the Commission is necessary for selection of an officer. When the file for consideration is made more broad-based and consists of not only Central/State Government officers but also officers from Non-Government Institutions, the selection has to be made in consultation with the Union Public Service Commission. All India Services The All India Services Act, 1951 and Rules and Regulations framed thereunder regulate the recruitment and conditions of service in respect of the All India Services viz. Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service. As far as direct recruitment to the Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service Examination are concerned, it is done through the Civil Services Examination and for the Indian Forest Service through the Indian Forest Service Examination held by the Commission. The relevant Rules and Regulations provide that 33% of the vacancies in the IAS/IPS/IFS should be filled by promotion from amongst the officers of

the State Service in consultation with the Commission. The Selection Committee presided over by Chairman/Member of the Commission consists of senior Government representatives of the Central Government and the State. Mechanisation - Project Sampera The Commission have recently undertaken a project called "SAMPERA" (Screening and Mechanised Processing of Examination and Recruitment Applications). A simplified single sheet common application form for all the examinations has been devised which will be scanned by using OMR/ICR technology. The implementation of this project will mainly help in high speed scanning of data from forms eliminating manual entry. Other benefits will be accurate and faster generation of Admit Cards, Attendance lists with photo replica and signature facsimile of each candidate, and Error-free list of doubtful cases. The main aim of this project is to cope with the increasing volume of applications through innovations and mechanised handling so as to reduce the processing time and send communications faster to minimised errors. The cases of impersonation/malpractices will also be eliminated and wasteful expenditure will be reduced. RECRUITMENT RULES In accordance with the provisions contained in Article 320 of the Constitution read with the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B" posts in various Ministries/Departments of Government of India are required to be framed in Consultation with the Commission. Consultation with the Commission is also necessary for framing/amending Recruitment Rules for certain categories of posts under the Employees State Insurance Corporation, The Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Council, Employees Provident Fund Organisation etc. under the relevant Acts made by Parliament in pursuance of the provisions of Article 321.   All proposals for framing/amending Recruitment Rules are examined keeping in view the cadre structure of the organisation and the circulars issued by the Govt. from time to time. After approval, the Commissions’ advice in the matter is communicated to the Ministry/Department concerned. More than 14000 Recruitment Rules have been framed/amended so far. DISCIPLINARY MATTERS To Duties & Role of the Commission Under Article 320(3) of the Constitution the Commission are required to be consulted on the quantum of penalties in disciplinary cases affecting a person serving under the Government of India in a Civil Capacity. EXTENSION OF FUNCTIONS TO LOCAL BODIES ETC Article 321 also empowers the Parliament to extend the functions of the Public Service Commission to any local authority or other body corporate constituted by Law or by any public institutions. EXEMPTIONS In order to exempt some posts which for reasons of National Security or some other reasons may not be required to be referred to the Commission for their advice, the Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultations) Regulations were issued on September 1, 1958, under Article 320(3)(a) and (b) of the Constitution. These Regulations are

amended or revised as and when the need arises. RECRUITMENT & CONDITIONS OF SERVICE ETCThe Provisions as contained in Article 309 & Article 311 of the Constitution are also required to be read in conjunction with the provisions as contained in Article 320 of the Constitution. Binding nature of the advice of the Commission A convention has been established by the Government of India, that in the following classes of the cases referred to the Commission, the recommendations made by them shall be accepted, save in exceptional circumstances. a. Quasi-judicial cases.  b. Selection for appointments of candidates.  c. Appointment of a candidate on a higher initial pay than that of a minimum pay of the posts.  d. Claims of expenditure incurred by the Government servants in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of his duty.  ANNUAL REPORTS The Commission have a duty, under Article 323 of the Constitution to present annually to the President a Report as to the work done by the Commission and on receipt of such report, the president shall cause a copy there of together with the Memorandum explaining, as respect the cases, if any, where the advice of the Commission was not accepted, the reasons for such nonacceptance to be laid before each House of the Parliament. 01 Q. How can you drop a raw egg onto a concrete floor without cracking it? A. Concrete floors are very hard to crack! (UPSC Topper) .02 Q. If it took eight men ten hours to build a wall, how long would it take four men to build it? A. No time at all it is already built. (UPSC 23 Rank Opted for IFS) .03 Q. If you had three apples and four oranges in one hand and four apples and three oranges in the  other hand, what would you have? A. Very large hands.(Good one) (UPSC 11 Rank Opted for IPS) .04 Q. How can you lift an elephant with one hand? A. It is not a problem, since you will never find an elephant with onehand.(UPSC Rank 14 Opted for IES) .05 Q. How can a man go eight days without sleep? A. No Probs, He sleeps at night. (UPSC IAS Rank 98) .06 Q. If you throw a red stone into the blue sea what it will become? A. It will Wet or Sink as simple as that. (UPSC IAS Rank 2) .07 Q. What looks like half apple? A: The other half. (UPSC ­ IAS Topper) .08 Q. What can you never eat for breakfast? A: Dinner. .09 Q. What happened when wheel was invented? A: It caused a revolution.

.10 Q. Bay of Bengal is in which state? A: Liquid (UPSC 33Rank) .11 Q: what is the opposite of Nag panchmi? A: Nag did not punch me. Not only our technical knowledge helps, but also the presence of mind and the right answer at right time. Even if u don't know the answer for a question just confuse the questioner Question and the Answer given by Candidates, oh sorry, they are IAS Officers now. Q.How can you drop a raw egg onto a concrete floor without cracking it? A. Concrete floors are very hard to crack! (UPSC<!-D(["mb","</font></font></font></b><font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"></strong></font></font></font></b><br /> <b><font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Topper)</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q.If it took eight men ten hours to build a wall, how \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>long would it take four men to build it? </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>A. No time at all it is already built. (UPSC 23 rd \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Rank Opted for IFS)</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q.If you had three apples and four oranges in one hand \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>and four apples and three oranges in the other</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>hand, what would you have?\n </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>A. Very large hands.(Good one) (UPSC 11 Rank Opted for </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>IPS)</b></b>\n </font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q. How can you lift an elephant with one hand?</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>A. It is not a problem, since you will never find an \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>elephant with one hand. (UPSC Rank 14 Opted for IES)</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q. How can a man go eight days without sleep? \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>A. No Probs, He sleeps at night. (UPSC IAS Rank 98)</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q. If you throw a red stone into the blue sea what it \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>will become?</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font

face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>A. It will become Wet or Sink as simple as that. (UPSC",1]);//--> Topper) Q.If it took eight men ten hours to build a wall, how long would it take four men to build it? A. No time at all it is already built. (UPSC 23 rd Rank Opted for IFS) Q.If you had three apples and four oranges in one hand and four apples and three oranges in the other hand, what would you have? A. Very large hands.(UPSC 11 Rank Opted for IPS) Q. How can you lift an elephant with one hand? A. It is not a problem, since you will never find an elephant with one hand. (UPSC Rank 14 Opted for IES) Q. How can a man go eight days without sleep? A. No Probs, He sleeps at night. (UPSC IAS Rank 98) Q. If you throw a red stone into the blue sea what it will become? A. It will become Wet or Sink as simple as that. (UPSC<!--D(["mb","\n </font></font></font></b></b><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>IAS Rank 2)</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q. What looks like half apple? </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>\nA : The other half. (UPSC - IAS Topper )</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q. What can you never eat for breakfast?</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b>\n<b>A : Dinner.</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q. What happened when wheel was invented?</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>\nA : It caused a revolution. </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Q. Bay of Bengal is in which state? </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>A : Liquid State(UPSC 33Rank )\n </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Interviewer said &quot;I shall either ask you ten easy </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>questions or one really difficult question. \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>Think well before you make up your mind!&quot; The boy</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>thought for a while and said, &quot;my choice is one really \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>difficult question.&quot;</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>&quot;Well,

good luck to you, you have made your own \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>choice! Now tell me this.</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>&quot;What comes first, Day or Night?&quot;\n </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>The boy was jolted in! to reality as his admission </b>",1]);//--> IAS Rank 2) Q. What looks like half apple? A : The other half. (UPSC - IAS Topper ) Q. What can you never eat for breakfast? A : Dinner. Q. What happened when wheel was invented? A : It caused a revolution. Q. Bay of Bengal is in which state? A : Liquid State(UPSC 33Rank ) Interviewer said "I shall either ask you ten easy questions or one really difficult question. Think well before you make up your mind!" The boy thought for a while and said, "my choice is one really difficult question." "Well, good luck to you, you have made your own choice! Now tell me this. "What comes first, Day or Night?" The boy was jolted in! to reality as his admission<!-D(["mb","</font></font></font></b><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>depends on the correctness of his answer, but he \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>thought for a while and said, &quot;It\'s the DAY sir!&quot; </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>&quot;How ??&quot; the interviewer asked, \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>&quot;Sorry sir, you promised me that you will not ask </b></b></font></font></font><br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>me a SECOND difficult question!&quot; \n</b></b></font></font></font><br /> <br /> <font size="4"><font face="Courier New"><font color="#3333ff"><b><b>He was selected for IIM !?!</b></b></font></font></font></b><font size="4"></b></font><br /> <font size="4">* </font><br /> <font size="4"></div></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></div>\n</blockquot e></font><br /> <font size="4">\n\n<hr size\u003d\"1\">\nFind out what India is talking about on - Yahoo! Answers India </font><br /> <font size="4">\nSend FREE SMS to your friend\'s mobile from Yahoo! Messenger Version 8. \nGet it NOW \n</font><br /> <font size="4">\n</font><br /> <br /> <font size="4">\n\n",0]);//--> depends on the correctness of his answer, but he thought for a while and said, "It's the DAY sir!"

"How ??" the interviewer asked, "Sorry sir, you promised me that you will not ask me a SECOND difficult question!" He was selected for IIM !?! What is an interview? Interview is a face­to­face conversation for a specific purpose. Before you appear for an interview, you must  clearly know and understand the purpose of the interview. The nature and type of the interview will vary  according to the purpose. In an employment or selection interview, the aim of the interviewer, or the  examiner or the Board of Interview is to assess and evaluate the extent of the candidate's suitability for the  job in hand. In other words, the interview may be for selection to the IAS, IFS, IES, IPS and other such first  grade UPSC cadres or may be at the Service Selection Boards (SSBs) for the Selection of Officers to the  Army, Navy or Air Force. Again, it may relate to the selection of business executives, salesmen, accountants,  office­supervicers, secrateries, stenos, clerks, typists, and so on. In all these cases, the selectors will have  certain job specifications, and by means of interview, they would try to see how far the candidate meets such  requirements.  The purpose of the Interview according to the UPSC: The Union Public Service Commission holds that the object of its interviews is to assess the personal  suitability of a candidate for the service he has applied for. The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who  will have before them a record of his career. He will be asked questions on matters of general interests. The  objectof the interview is to assess, through competent and unbaised observers, the personal suitabilty of  candidate. The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is an  assessment of not only his intellectual qualities, but also his social traits and interest in current affairs.  Someof the order qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical power of assimilation, clear and logical  exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion leadership,  intellectual and moral integrity. The technique of interviewis not that of strict­cross examination but of a  natural, though direct and purposive conversation, which is intended to reveal the mental qualitiesof the  candidate. The personal test is not meant to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the  candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subject of academic  study, but also in the events which are happening around them, both within and without their own state or  country, as well as in the modern currents of thought, and in new discoveries which should rouse the  curiosityof the well­educated youth.  The IAS Interview One young man went for an IAS Interview. "When did India get independence?" He was asked. "The efforts began a few years earlier and final result was in 1947" He replied. "Who was responsible for our independence?" "There were so many. Whom to mention? If I name one, it will be a injustice to another." He replied. "Is corruption the number one enemy in our country?" "Some research is going on the subject and I can answer with certainly only after seeing the report" He  replied. The interview board was very pleased with his original and thoughtful answers and asked him not to reveal  the questions to others, since they were planning to ask the same questions. When he went out naturally others were curious to know what was asked. He politely declined, but one  persistent Santa would not leave him. "At least tell me the answers" he pleaded, and our friend obliged. Then it was the turn of this Santa. When he went inside, since his resume was slightly illegible, the board  member asked him." By the way, what is your date of birth?" He replied, "The effort began a few years earlier and final result was in 1947." Somewhat puzzled, they asked another clarification. "What is your fathers name?" He replied, "There were so many. Whom to mention". If I name one, it will be injustice to another". The interviewer was incensed.

"Hey! Are you mad or what?" He replied. "Some research is going on the subject. I can answer with certainty only after seeing the report." Q.How can you drop a raw egg onto a concrete floor without cracking it? A. Concrete floors are very hard to crack! (UPSC Topper) Q.If it took eight men ten hours to build a wall, how long would it take four men to build the same wall? A. No time at all it is already built. (UPSC 23 Rank Opted for IFS) Q. How can you lift an elephant with one hand? A. It is not a problem, since you will never find an elephant with one hand. (UPSC Rank 14 Opted for IES) Q. How can a man go eight days without sleep? A. No Probs , He sleeps at night. (UPSC IAS Rank 9 Q. What looks like half apple? A : The other half. (UPSC - IAS Topper) Q. What can you never eat for breakfast? A : Dinner. Q. What happened when wheel was invented? A : It caused a revolution. Q. Bay of Bengal is in which state? A : Liquid (UPSC 33Rank ) Interviewer said "I shall either ask you ten easy questions or one really difficult question. Think well before you make up your mind! " The boy thought for a while and said, "my choice is one really difficult question." "Well, good luck to you, you have made your own choice! Now tell me this. "What comes first, Day or Night?" The boy was jolted into reality as his admission depends on the correctness of his answer, but he thought for a while and said, "It's the DAY sir!" "How" the interviewer asked, Sorry sir, your deal was to ask me ONE difficult question only and that you will not ask me a SECOND difficult question!" UPSC Interview Questions UPSC Interview questions range from questions about your choice of subject to why you want to join the  civil services. It is good to answer honestly but at the same time avoid cliches like wanting to do service to  the nation etc. Questions on your hobbies are imperative so prepare well as they expect some indepth  knowledge on that. Questions relating to your name, your college or school name are also a big posibility. If  someone well­know shares one of these names please also prepare on that. Also learn up about important  events on the year or date of your birth. As you can see, UPSC Interview questions are mainly from what you  have filled in your form including your subject but here it is more a test of logic and presentation and  awareness rather than pure subject knowledge. In the UPSC interview many questions are situational like  what will you do if a Tsunami strikes your district and you are the DM/Collector/SP. Questions on your 

choice of service preference also need to be prepared. Current affairs analysis is important too.  Tips to improve your performance at the UPSC Interview • There are generally 5 members at the board with the Chairperson seated at the center. Enter  confidently and greet the Chairperson, who will probably welcome you, and pleasantly nod at other  members. Wait till you are asked to sit.  • Intelligent listing is the mantra, and for this maintaining eye contact is very important. You should  not glare but all the same appear attentive and do not glance at other members, it can be very  distracting for the interviewer. However if some other member asks you anything, look at that  member and answer and turn back to the first ­ this is what we do in normal attentive listening.  • Do not fidget or throw your hands around, or shake your head. Less amount of movement does not  mean you should sit unnaturally stiff. Your posture should be attentive and relaxed at the same time.  Do not crouch/bend forward or place your hands on the table.  • Cut your answer short to the required patience shown by the member talking to you. They usually  like to talk more, so listen carefully and think for a few seconds before you start answering the  question. This will show that you are organising your thoughts in mind before starting to speak.  • Leave some room for difference in opinion. Do take a stand, but do not look adamant or unwilling to  appreciate the board's opinion.  • Use couple of words from the question while answering any question. It shows you have listened to  the question carefully. But at the same time limit the use the technical jargon.  • Listen very carefully. Come to the central issue of the enquiry immediately. Wild guessing or  speculation are a complete no no.  • Do not start evaluating your performance while still inthe interview. Even if you have committed  mistakes in the beginning, do not think that you have already lost the game. They are looking for  warm, sensitive respectful and attentive youngsters. They know you are good or you would not have  come so far.  • Talk humbly about your achievements and hobbies. You may have mentioned some hobbies in the  form without serious background in them, but before the interview it would be useful to pick up  some basic info on the hobby.  • Say less to convey more. Less is more these days as per the minimalist creed. Argue logically and  generalise correctly. Do not try to read too much between the lines.  • Remember, while answering any question, what is easy to see is easy to miss. We often tend to miss  the obvious and go for some non­crucial aspect of the subject.  • Get up to leave only when the chairperson asks you to, not because you think everyone has asked a  question. Similarly, even if someone has not asked a question and the chairperson asks you to leave  then please leave. Some members do not ask questions at all, due to various reasons like limited time.  • Before leaving politely thank the chairperson and nod at the others politely. Avoid saying "Have a  good day sir". A "Thank you Sir/Madam" is enough.  Expected Interview Questions 2009 The Kothari Committee of the UPSC, has listed the qualities that should be rated in the interview as, ''clarity of expression, grasp of narrative and argument, reasoning ability, appreciation of different points of view, awareness and concern for socio-economic problems, ranges and depth of interests and personal attributes relevant to interaction with people.'' The Interview for the civil services examination also known as the Personality Test is exactly that. It is aimed at assessing the candidate’s personality, whether he is suitable to be a competent administrator or not. The candidate is tested not only for his/her intelligence but also for his/her overall personality development, his/her attentiveness, balance of judgement and qualities of honesty, integrity and leadership. Therefore preparation for the Interview requires proper planning. The selectors look out for some attributes in the candidate and decide whether he/she is suited for a career in civil services or not. For this,the candidate should have a positive attitude, should have

an alert mind with quick reflexes, should be free from any sort of prejudice, should be good at making quick decisions and should have the ability to act under stress and to handle difficult situations. Preparation for the Interview is a continuous process. This involves a wide reading of books, journals, magazines and at least two newspapers. One should try to improve his/her conversational skills with the right pronunciation. The candidate should be prepared to answer questions on his background, hobbies and extra curricular activities. It is a good idea to discuss current affairs and recent issues with friends. One good way of rehearsing possible questions would be to have mock interviews and discussion groups. The candidate should make a self analysis of his strengths and weaknesses and make a conscious effort to play on his strengths. Some useful tips for a successful interview at UPSC are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. To have a positive body language To have a good personal turnout and ensuring the right posture To answer questions clearly and confidently Try to remain calm and composed even when faced with provocative questions Try not getting into long winded explanations and answer to the point.

Things To Be Avoided at the UPSC Interview • Avoid the expression, 'I am sorry.' • Avoid conversational cliches, like: 'as you know', 'that's correct', 'of course', 'indeed', 'obviously', etc. • Avoid technical jargon. However, if a member continues to probe you in any technical field, you can use technical expressions. • Maintain a cheerful disposition. Now and then you can appear serious; but most of the time keep smiling or look cheerful and composed. One caution here: if the board laughs, you should only smile. It is only when you maintain some amount of distance that the board begins to wonder about the depth of your personality. • Do not give long introductions. Come straight to the heart of the matter. • Show human concern whenever possible in your answers. • You should be logically consistent and analyse things rationally while talking. You are supposed to defend what you say, but with due respect to the views of the board. Stop trying to defend an answer if it becomes difficult to do so logically and fairly. • Do not make hasty or sweeping generalisations. According to UPSC report, it has been observed that from 1979 onwards, 90 percent of the candidates who qualify for interview hover around the minimal percentage of 55 percent that is prescribed for the test. However to be assured of a Class I service, one has to generally obtain about 58 percent marks. It has been noticed that only those, securing 60 percent and above are sure of getting a service of their own choice. The figures clearly reveal that the marks in the interview test play a determining role in final selection of candidates. Types of questions asked at the UPSC interview. • Relating to your name. Any famous personality who has a similar or same name or surname. • Your career choice. Why you want to opt for the civilservices. • Your Hobbies. Why you pursue such a hobby or questions related to your hobby. So reasearch well on your hobby. • Hot topics of recent days like the Bird Flu and Tamiflu, Office of Profit, Sahara airlines deal and the growing airlines,Terror attacks in India, India US Nuclear deal, Commonwealth games, Saurav Ganguly etc. Keep reading and watching the news. If the recent headlines have something to do with your subject then specially revise those portions. For example if you are a veterinary doctor, Bird flu may go on to other animal diseases that can infect men. If you are an MBBS, then you might be asked about human to

• • • • •

human spread of epidemics or any other epidemics and precautions etc. You may even be asked about the influence of MNC or drug manufacturers responsible for the spread of fear etc. If you are from an economy background, the same topic will veer towards the economic implications of the Bird flu. How you are going to use your specific knowledge(like if you are a doctor, lawyer, engineer etc) in the services. Situational questions. Like If you were the collector/SP of Varanasi, what would you do after the Bomb Blast? Choice of services. The order of your choice of services can raise questions too. About your institution and related.If you have studies at IIM you may be asked about the rising salaries, if from IGNOU then even about Indira Gandhi and so on. From your form. You must go through the form you have filled because most questions will arise from there. If you have changed subjects, mentioned anything out of the way, watch out for questions on them. Interviewers take cue from the form you have filled.

• Some actual questions asked of UPSC candidates. • Don't you think you can serve your country better by remaining a doctor and treating poor patients? Why do you want to be a civil servant?" It would be best to answer this question very practically rather than emotionally saying you want to serve the country, because even a doctor serves the people. A doctor from Kerala was asked this Question and her reply was - "Because I want to treat the primary malady that afflicts our country, that creates so many poor in India. As a doctor I can treat only secondary maladies." She even came up with exact statistics and suggestions on a rubber plantation for poverty alleviation indicating that she had spent considerable time and thoughts on her future plans. She was awarded a score of 85 per cent. • "What are the problems faced by wheat cultivators in your state?" an M.Sc. (Agriculture) student from Palanpur was once asked. "The problem is not so much to do with agronomy but with the lack of a seed bank in Palanpur," came the reply and the candidate walked away with an 80 per cent score. • "Is there a law in physics, which is relevant to administration?" a law graduate was prompted. "Yes. Newton's third law of motion: for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction." He scored a cool 80 per cent. The above questions can give you an idea of how relevant questions are asked from your subjects even as they are not directly from the syllabus. • Tips to improve your performance at the UPSC Interview • There are generally 5 members at the board with the Chairperson seated at the center. Enter  confidently and greet the Chairperson, who will probably welcome you, and pleasantly nod at other  members. Wait till you are asked to sit.  • Intelligent listing is the mantra, and for this maintaining eye contact is very important. You should  not glare but all the same appear attentive and do not glance at other members, it can be very  distracting for the interviewer. However if some other member asks you anything, look at that  member and answer and turn back to the first ­ this is what we do in normal attentive listening.  • Do not fidget or throw your hands around, or shake your head. Less amount of movement does not  mean you should sit unnaturally stiff. Your posture should be attentive and relaxed at the same time.  Do not crouch/bend forward or place your hands on the table.  • Cut your answer short to the required patience shown by the member talking to you. They usually  like to talk more, so listen carefully and think for a few seconds before you start answering the  question. This will show that you are organising your thoughts in mind before starting to speak.  • Leave some room for difference in opinion. Do take a stand, but do not look adamant or unwilling to  appreciate the board's opinion.  • Use couple of words from the question while answering any question. It shows you have listened to  the question carefully. But at the same time limit the use the technical jargon.  • Listen very carefully. Come to the central issue of the enquiry immediately. Wild guessing or 

• • •

speculation are a complete no no.  Do not start evaluating your performance while still inthe interview. Even if you have committed  mistakes in the beginning, do not think that you have already lost the game. They are looking for  warm, sensitive respectful and attentive youngsters. They know you are good or you would not have  come so far.  Talk humbly about your achievements and hobbies. You may have mentioned some hobbies in the  form without serious background in them, but before the interview it would be useful to pick up  some basic info on the hobby.  Say less to convey more. Less is more these days as per the minimalist creed. Argue logically and  generalise correctly. Do not try to read too much between the lines.  Remember, while answering any question, what is easy to see is easy to miss. We often tend to miss  the obvious and go for some non­crucial aspect of the subject.  Get up to leave only when the chairperson asks you to, not because you think everyone has asked a  question. Similarly, even if someone has not asked a question and the chairperson asks you to leave  then please leave. Some members do not ask questions at all, due to various reasons like limited time.  Before leaving politely thank the chairperson and nod at the others politely. Avoid saying "Have a  good day sir". A "Thank you Sir/Madam" is enough. 

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