AUDUBON SOCIETY of PORTLAND
Volume 72 Number 6
In this issue...
Summer Camps Begin!
See page 7
Urban Coyotes Presentation
See page 4
Bird the Blue Mountains
See page 6
G r e at Blue Heron Wee k
Connecting Green: Cele brating Pa rks, Tra ils, a nd Natural Areas
ach year since the Portland City Council adopted the Great Blue Heron as the ofﬁcial city bird in 1986, the City of Portland and the metropolitan region have celebrated the heron as an icon for access to nature in the heart of the city. Creation of Portland Parks and Recreation’s City Nature Program, passage of Metro’s $227.4 million bond measure, adoption of progressive watershed and urban forest management plans for the City of Portland, and the city’s Grey to Green program all represent successes toward integrating the built and natural environments and creating a more ecologically sustainable metropolitan region. This year our Wild in the City ﬁeld trips will highlight the region’s Connecting Green initiative, which seeks to create the greatest parks, trails, and natural areas system for the Portland-Vancouver metropolitan region. We also celebrate the launching of a Connecting Green Alliance, spearheaded by Portland Audubon, Trust for Public Land, Metro, and the Urban Greenspaces Institute. The Alliance will bring together a coalition of nonproﬁts, government agencies, businesses, and park and greenspace advocates to bring increased funding for the acquisition and maintenance of the region’s parks, trails, and natural areas; to promote construction of a regional network of recreational trails; and to restore the region’s natural areas. Climb into a kayak, hop on a bike, or come along with us on a nature hike to celebrate this Great Blue Heron Week and launching of the Connecting Green Alliance. See Wild in the City: Connecting Green ﬁeld trips for listing of our ﬁeld tours. For a complete listing of Great Blue Heron Week activities and ﬁeld trips, visit www.audubonportland.org, where full trip descriptions are available. All trips are free, unless otherwise speciﬁed. Descriptions for May 28–31 trips are available in the May Warbler and at the website. No one has better articulated the signiﬁcance of the heron in our life and culture than the late poet William Stafford, who wrote “Spirit of Place” to commemorate the heron’s place in our region.
Wednesday, May 28 – Sunday, June 8
Sunday, June 1st, 9am–1pm Three Creeks Natural Area
Spirit of Place
Out of their loneliness for each other two reeds, or maybe two shadows, lurch forward and become suddenly a life lifted from the dawn to the rain. It is the wilderness come back again, a lagoon with our city reflected in its eye. We live by faith in such presences. It is a test for us, that thin but real, undulating figure that promises, “If you keep the faith I will exist at the edge, where your vision joins the sunlight and the rain: heads in the light, feet that go down in the mud where the truth is.” William Stafford, Oregon Poet Laureate Great Blue Heron Week, 1987
Tour America’s favorite wetland and upland oak forest with the all-volunteer Tsunami Crew! This will be a nice stroll through 89 acres of 400-year-old White Oaks, soggy bottoms, grasslands, duck ponds, heron hideaways, and years’ worth of serious habitat restoration. Surrounding Mt. Scott Creek, this land was once ﬁlled with garbage, campers, and a vigorous weed display. The Three Creeks area has improved dramatically since work began in the late 1990s. The tour will look at salmon habitat, restoration techniques, birds, and peaceful tranquility right next to major roads and industrial areas. This rare oak habitat is threatened by major road expansion and new road building. Meet at the North Clackamas Aquatic Park at 7300 SE Harmony Road (near the intersection of 82nd Ave and Sunnyside Rd by Clackamas Town Center). Contact Chris Runyard to RSVP at email@example.com or 503-239-5844.
Monday, June 2nd
Monday, June 2nd, 8am–10am Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge Walk
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 2 for details)
Monday, June 2nd, 5pm–7pm Watch Herons Nesting at South Waterfront
Sunday, June 1st
Sunday, June 1st, 4pm–6pm Sternwheeler The Rose, Ross Island Cruise
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 2 for details)
Sunday, June 1st, 8am–10am Hillsboro Public Library Heron Watch
Join volunteer naturalist Max Smith for a great view of a heron colony and other birds near the new Hillsboro Public Library. Max will lead a morning bird walk around the surrounding wetlands to observe the behavior of herons and other water birds, and we will also view hawks, waterfowl, an Acorn Woodpecker colony, and a variety of nesting songbirds. Max then will remain at the library to help patrons view the heron colony and discuss the natural history of these fascinating birds. Contact Max at 503-720-9730 or firstname.lastname@example.org for more information. Meet at 8am in the library parking lot at 2850 NE Brookwood Parkway, Hillsboro.
Visitors to South Waterfront and residents alike have a ringside seat from which to watch nesting Great Blue Herons at the South Waterfront condominiums from the Willamette Greenway, just a short stroll from the OHSU Tram and Portland Streetcar. Join Mike Houck, Director of the Urban Greenspaces Institute, and Bob Sallinger, Audubon Society of Portland’s Conservation Director, who will have spotting scopes on hand for close-up views of herons in their nests. Please bring your own binoculars and spotting scopes if you have them. The herons start their courtship and nest building in mid to late February, lay eggs in early April, and the young are ready to leave their nests in early to mid-June. These spring and early summer nest-viewing sessions will provide a great opportunity to track the Ross Island herons from egg laying, feeding young, and young trying out their wings, and ﬁnally observing ﬁrst ﬂight from their nesting colony. All heron nest watches are free and open to the public, and no pre-registration is required. Nest watches will go on rain or shine. Directions: The viewing area is just east of the Meriwether Condominiums on the temporary greenway path at the east end of SW Curry, and is served by Portland Streetcar and TriMet buses.
Have your say about Urban and Rural Reserves. See page 4
Audubon Society of Portland 5151 NW Cornell Road Portland, Oregon 97210
Inside this issue
continued on page 12
......................From the Director ...................................... Free Trips Page 3 ......................Calendar of Events Page 4 & 5 ............................... Conservation Page 6 & 7 .............. Trips & Tours & Camps Page 8 ......Nature Store & Sanctuaries Page 9 ................................... Field Notes .....................................Volunteers Page 10 ........................Birding Weekends Page 11 ....................... Bird of the Month Page 12 ................. Map/Hours/Sponsors
Photos © Mike Houck and Jim Cruce
From the Executive Director
s it time for a 21st century environmental movement? According to Paul Hawkins, such a movement is already well under way. In his most recent book, Blessed Unrest, he describes hundreds of Meryl Redisch thousands of ordinary people from around the world who are proactively changing the way their lives are governed and their personal prosperity is measured. Most of these locally based actions are low cost, sitting squarely at one end of a grassroots continuum regardless of whether it’s environmental or social justice and whether it’s occurring in Gujarat, India or in Little Creek, Virginia.
Will you be part of the Connecting Green movement?
Not exactly our backyards and not exactly on our daily radar screen. At the other end of the spectrum is a $300 million campaign ﬁnanced by Al Gore that is aimed at mobilizing Americans to get more directly involved in the policies behind reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It’s called the “We” campaign and implores all of us to become part of a movement that will shape our country’s energy and environmental policies as we address the greatest crisis of our generation: climate change. Big and bold, this wellfunded initiative may be centered in America but must reach well beyond us. No doubt that with a six-ﬁgure-plus budget, this campaign will be on our daily monitor screen. What is happening in our backyards, having gained momentum over the last 20 years, is a movement called Connecting Green. It’s more closely aligned with what Hawkins pitches — low key, low cost, and brought about by thousands of people who have a stake in making our region more environmentally and economically sustainable. Connecting Green got off the ground a few months ago with a commitment by Portland Audubon, Urban Greenspaces Institute, Trust for Public Land, and Metro to share best practices and pool resources for the goal of building the best parks system in the world. This vision, ﬁrst articulated by Metro President David Bragdon during a parks summit last year, laid out the reasons why our region is uniquely positioned to achieve this ambitious goal. It’s as straightforward as this: our region possesses a remarkable natural heritage and an even greater potential for building a significantly larger system of parks, trails, and open spaces that is well beyond what we have today. To progress from what we now have on paper and virtual maps to the reality of moving people and wildlife through neighborhoods, past district boundaries, and across state lines will take a creative, disciplined, and far-reaching approach. It will require uniting many of the distinct projects already under way in the areas of restoration, acquisition, trails, and conservation education to build and sustain this parks system. I was present during the launch of Connecting Green a few weeks ago at the Bridgeport Brew Pub. Over 150 people gathered to celebrate the cumulative work that has brought us to where we are today. And I was not surprised to see Portland Audubon’s name appear frequently on the “green timeline.” After all, our Society has been a driving force behind many of the nature-based initiatives that has put Portland, Oregon high on the national sustainability and livability indices. It was clear that everyone in that room was ready to take the next step: pledge support to be part of the Connecting Green movement. Will you? You can be part of this movement by joining Portland Audubon on the Connecting Green “Wild in the City Field Trips” and by going to www.audubonportland.org/issues-actions/ metro/.
Carpooling is encouraged for conservation and sociability. For information, call us at 503-292-6855 ext.119.
June 21 (Saturday), 8am–11am Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge
Join us on the 3rd Saturday walk co-sponsored by Audubon Society of Portland and Backyard Bird Shop. We’ll have a leisurely walk around the lake and surrounding woodlands of Portland’s ﬁrst wildlife refuge. Scope for waterfowl, raptors, and others. Bring binoculars. Call Backyard Bird Shop (503-496-0908) for info and to reserve a spot. Beginners welcome!
June 22 (Sunday), 8am–11am Powell Butte Nature Park
Wild in the City Field Trips
Join leader Ron Escano for a walk exploring the unique habitats of Powell Butte. Should be great to see nesting Lazuli Buntings. Meet at 8am at the top of the butte parking lot at the end of SE 162nd Ave. Turn south on SE 162nd Ave off Powell Blvd and drive to the top of the butte. Bring binoculars, dress for the weather; beginners welcome.
Cycle, Paddle, and Walk the region’s parks, trails, and natural areas. Connecting Green is all about access to nature in the city. Connecting Green ﬁeld trips will introduce you to some of the region’s most scenic and wildlife-rich natural areas and parks and the ever-growing regional trails network. Late May and the ﬁrst week of June marks the 22nd Annual Great Blue Heron Week. Several Connecting Green: Wild in the City trips will be featured as part of Great Blue Heron Week events. Trips are free unless otherwise noted. Trip enrollment is limited, so sign up early.Register at www.audubonportland.org/trips_classes_camps/ adult_programs/wildcity. If you don’t have internet access, call 503-292-6855 ext.116 to register. Bring your own equipment for all bicycle and paddle trips — helmets and life jackets are required. Canoe and kayak rentals can be arranged through Alder Creek Kayak & Canoe (www.aldercreek.com, 503-285-0464) or Portland Kayak Company (www.portlandrivercompany.com, 503-459-4050). Directions and other details will be emailed to registrants.
...love to go birding during the weekdays. We start a little later, go a little slower, and try to keep a restroom in sight.
Sunday, June 1st, 4pm–6pm Sternwheeler The Rose, Ross Island Cruise
Sandy River Delta June 5 (Thursday), 8am–Noon
Join leader Ron Spencer for our annual hike around the Sandy River Delta. At this time of year, the area is home to a wide variety of species, many of which are nesting. This outing requires more hiking than most Magpie trips. From I-84 eastbound, take Exit 18, turn right at the bottom of the exit, loop around under the freeway, keep right and look for the gravel parking lot and the gate. For more information, contact Ron at 503656-5170 or email@example.com.
Sisters, Oregon June 16–18 (Monday 8am– Wednesday 5pm)
This trip will be based in Sisters in Central Oregon and is limited to 15 people. Call Ann Pickar at 503-2468629 to register and for further information.
Join Portland Audubon and the Urban Greenspaces Institute on a family-oriented two-hour cruise around Ross Island. If you don’t canoe Wednesday, June 4th, 5pm–8pm or kayak, this is the time for you Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge and your family to see Great Blue (see June 2nd trip for details) Heron, Osprey, and Bald Eagle nests. We’ll cruise through the Thursday, June 5th, 8am–10am Holgate Channel and circumnavigate Rock Creek Herons and Norm Ross, Hardtack, and East Islands. Thompson Campus Leaders: Bob Sallinger (Portland Join Mike Houck on a hike along Audubon), Mike Houck (Urban Hillsboro’s Rock Creek Greenway and Greenspaces Institute), and Michael explore the wetlands and riparian habitat Montgomery (River Renaissance). Mike Houck (with binoculars) leads last at the Norm Thompson corporate Fee: $20 per person (children 5 and year’s Sternwheeler cruise. © Mike Faha headquarters. We will also get closeup views under free) to cover the cost of the boat rental. of two Great Blue Heron nesting colonies at Rock Creek.
Monday, June 2nd, 8am–10am Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge Friday, June 6th, 7am–9am Early Birding Bike Ride along Columbia Slough
Waterfront. This is a great opportunity for new residents of South Waterfront to explore the green connections to “pill hill.” This is a 5.5-mile walk, with lots of uphill walking, so be in shape and wear sturdy walking gear. We’ve allowed plenty of time for a leisurely hike, with time for lunch and the ride back on the tram.
Mt. Hood Lakes June 19 (Thursday), 8am–4pm
Join the Magpies for a trip to three locations on the Oregon Cascades Birding Trail. We will be visiting Wildwood Recreation Area, Trillium Lake, and Little Crater Lake Meadows. Meet Denny Graham at the Olive Garden Restaurant on SE Sunnyside Rd across from Clackamas Town Center. We will leave the parking lot at 8am. Bring water, a lunch, sunscreen, insect repellent, binoculars, and a scope if you have one. For more information, call Denny at 503-659-1245.
The Audubon Society of Portland is a member of Earth Share of Oregon. For more information, contact Earth Share of Oregon at 503-223-9015 or on the web at www.earthshare-oregon.org.
Join Mike Houck for a stroll around the 160-acre Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge. Spring migrants will be back at Oaks Bottom, and we’ll get great views of nesting Purple Martins and Osprey. The riparian forest adjacent to Holgate Channel will be full of warblers, grosbeaks, and other neotropical migrants. This trip is appropriate for families. The walk is a two-mile loop on both paved and uneven dirt paths, with two moderate hills.
Tuesday, June 3rd, Noon–4pm Explore the 40-Mile Loop from South Waterfront to OHSU
Mike Houck will lead a walking tour along the Willamette River Greenway to Willamette Park and up through George Himes Park and Terwilliger Parkway to OHSU. From there it’s all downhill via the Portland Aerial Tram (it’s free going downhill!) back to South
Join Jim Labbe (Portland Audubon) and Barb Grover (Events Planner with the Bike Gallery) for a morning ride along the Columbia Slough Trail. We’ll take a leisurely, precommute bike ride along the Lower Columbia Slough Trail and enjoy the lively birdlife to be encountered on a spring morning. We’ll also learn about future extensions of the Columbia Slough Trail and how citizens can get involved in protecting and restoring the slough. You are responsible for bringing and maintaining your own bicycle; pumps and patch kits recommended. Helmets are absolutely required.
Birding Oaks Bottom. © Mike Houck
GBH: Hillsboro Library Herons, 8am (p.1) GBH: Three Creeks Walk, 9am (p.1) GBH: Sternwheeler Ross Island Cruise, 4pm (p.1) GBH: Ross Island and 8 Holgate Channel Regatta with Friends of Ross Island, 8am (p.12) Birding by Ear Field Trip, 7am (May Warbler) Birding by Ear Field Trip, 7am (May Warbler) Birding Weekend (p.10)
Calendar of Events
2 GBH: S.Waterfront to
OHSU, Noon (p.1) GBH: Working River & Wildlife, 6pm (p.12) Birders’ Night 7:30pm Heron Hall
GBH: Jackson Bottom, Noon (p.12)
GBH: Rock Creek Herons, 8am (p.12) Magpies visit Sandy River Delta, 8am (p.2) GBH: Willamette Rest. Paddle, 6pm (p.12)
along Columbia Slough, 7am (p.12) GBH: Tideman-Johnson Park Walk, 4pm (p.12)
Walk, 8am (p.12)
1 GBH: Oaks Bottom
Walk, 8am (p.1) GBH: Heron Nest Watch, 5pm (p.1) Birding by Ear Class, 7pm (May Warbler)
5 GBH: Birding Bike Ride 6 GBH: Oaks Bottom
GBH: Heron Nest Watch, Noon (p.12)
GBH: Oaks Bottom Walk, 5pm (p.12) GBH: 2 Rivers & Slough Hike, 6pm (p.12)
GBH: Legacy Lands III Tour, 8:30am (p.12)
9 No Nature Night
11 Woodpeckers of
Oregon Class, 7pm (p.7)
13 Woodpeckers of
Oregon Field Trip begins (p.7) Birding Weekend (p.10)
= Bird Song Walk, 7am (p. 10)
15 Magpies begin trip to
Sisters, OR, 8am (p.2) Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge Walk, 6pm (p.3)
18 Magpies visit
Mt.Hood Lakes, 8am (p.2) Board Meeting 7pm Heron Hall
General Volunteer Training, 9am 20 Summer Solstice Walk, 21 Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge, 8am (p.3) Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge Field Trip, 8am (p.2)
Birding by Ear Class, 7pm (May Warbler) Birding by Ear Field Trip, 22 7am (May Warbler) Powell Butte Nature Park Field Trip, 8am (p.2) B the Blue Mountains trip begins (p.6)
24 Oaks Bottom Wildlife 25
Refuge, 8am (p.3)
27 Ross Island Kayak Trip, 28
Summer Camp: Creepy Crawlers, Jr. Wildlife Vet 101, Stayin’ Alive, Birding 101
30 Birders’ Night 7:30pm
3 Birding Weekend
4 Birding Weekend
Summer Camp: Biodiversity Art, Backyard Birds, Waterfallers, Coastal Explorers
Independence Day: Admin Office and Nature Store closed; no Summer Camp
NOTE: An electronic version of this issue and past Warblers is available on our website, www.audubonportland.org.
Saturday, June 7th, 8am–11am Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge
(see June 2nd trip for details)
Sunday, June 8th, 8am–11am Ross Island and Holgate Channel Regatta with Friends of Ross Island
Participate in a colorful ﬂotilla of canoes and kayaks on this three-hour paddle around Ross Island to view Great Blue Herons, Osprey, and Bald Eagles on their nests. The young herons are large and raucous this time of year. We’ll see and hear numerous summer birds such as Swainson’s Thrushes, Black-headed Grosbeaks, and Spotted Sandpipers as we ply the shallow waters between Hardtack and East Islands. Leaders include Bob Sallinger, Director of Audubon Society of Portland’s Urban Conservation Program; Travis Williams, Director of the Willamette Riverkeeper; Mike Houck, Director of the Urban Greenspaces Institute; and Donna Matrazzo, Sauvie Island Conservancy. Captain Peter Wilcox of RiversWest will provide safety boats and other assistance.
Monday, June 16th, 6pm–9pm Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge
Enjoying a Ross Island kayak paddle. © Mike Houck
Wednesday, June 25th, 8am–11am Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge
(see June 2nd trip for details)
Saturday, June 28th, 7am–10am Ross Island Kayak Trip
(see June 2nd trip for details)
Saturday, June 21st, 8am–11am Summer Solstice Walk, Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge
Join Mike Houck on a leisurely three-hour paddle around Ross Island. This early bird outing will get us on the river long before the power boats and jet skis start kicking up wakes, and in time for the dawn chorus of bird song in the quiet Holgate Channel. We’ll paddle into the Ross Island lagoon to get close looks at herons, eagles, and — if we are lucky — a river otter or two.
Photo by Wendell Wood, courtesy Oregon Wild
Oregon Wild Summer 2008
Visit the places you want to see with the people who know them best!
(see June 2nd trip for details)
Watch Herons Nesting at South Waterfront
Visitors to South Waterfront and residents alike have a ringside seat from which to watch nesting Great Blue Herons at the South Waterfront condominiums from the Willamette Greenway, just a short stroll from the OHSU Tram and Portland Streetcar. Join co-leaders Mike Houck and Bob Sallinger, who will have spotting scopes on hand for close-up views of herons in their nests. No pre-registration is required.
Great Blue Herons in nest. © Mike Houck Directions: From the Tram station at OHSU Center, walk east on SW Whitaker and take a right (south) along SW River Parkway to SW Curry. Turn left (east) on Curry and walk to the end of the street, past the Meriwether Condominiums to the greenway trail.
oin Oregon Wild and Audubon Society of Portland volunteer Don Jacobson to enjoy Oregon’s wilderness gems and old-growth forests this summer. The free and guided hikes, campouts, and ﬁshing trips start on June 21st and run through September 21st. Many outings will take groups to proposed wilderness in the Lewis and Clark Mt. Hood Wilderness Area. We’ll provide participants an opportunity to learn more and take action in the campaign to protect Oregon’s wild places. Whether you are looking for a short family-friendly hike or a more rugged trek to an amazing vista or waterfall, we have a hike planned for you! For more information and to register, please visit www.oregonwild.org after June 1st, or call Margaret De Bona at 503-283-6343 ext.210.
Monday, June 2nd, 5pm–7pm • Saturday, June 7th, Noon–3pm
Columbia River Crossing: Support the Climate Smart Alternative
(Adapted from Coalition for a Livable Future Position Statements)
itizens of the Portland-Vancouver metropolitan region have until July 1, 2008, to comment on a draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for a proposed replacement for the existing I-5 bridge between Portland and Vancouver. The Columbia River Crossing (CRC) is a $4.2 billion proposed freeway expansion project along a ﬁve-mile stretch of Interstate 5 between North Portland and Vancouver, WA. Audubon Society of Portland encourages its members to submit comments urging decision-makers to reject all five of the alternatives contained in the draft EIS. The reason is simple: All ﬁve alternatives accept and perpetuate the assumption that automobile trafﬁc will increase over time. In fact even the most conservative option contained in the DEIS creates capacity for a 40% increase in vehicle miles traveled. Audubon is instead supporting a “Climate Smart Alternative” being promoted by the Coalition for a Livable Future. CLF is a coalition of more than 80 local organizations (including Audubon) that are committed to building an equitable and sustainable community. The Portland metropolitan area is known nationally for our forward-thinking land use and transportation, and for being an innovator in sustainable planning. We can and should seize this moment and capitalize on our sustainability knowhow to be at the forefront of making transportation projects part of the global warming solution. There is no better place to begin this challenging work than with the biggest transportation project in our history — the CRC. A Climate Smart CRC would reduce global warming pollution to conform to Oregon’s and Washington’s climate change goals. To get there, the CRC project must be dramatically modiﬁed to give users the ability to drive less, which is the key to minimizing the project’s carbon footprint. A Climate Smart CRC would reduce all pollutants, re-green the corridor, and give people more transportation choices — offering numerous health beneﬁts, and creating a more secure future for all of us. To reach a Climate Smart
CRC, the project must be dramatically modiﬁed and scaled appropriately to reduce future vehicle miles traveled (VMT) at or below today’s level.
The key elements of a Climate Smart CRC are as follows:
• Implement congested-based tolling of the current I-5 bridge or both the I-5 and I-205 bridges starting immediately, as a strategy for managing demand as well as a funding mechanism. Use proceeds to fund transit improvements, while adopting pricing mitigation measures for low-income users, such as rebates or incomebased exemptions. • Build light rail in the crossing by ﬁrst focusing on extending MAX to Hayden Island and then to Vancouver. This will dramatically increase the convenience of public transit on both sides of the river for all users, especially those most dependent on it, by making it quicker, more frequent, and more comfortable. • Maintain or reduce the existing number of lanes. According to research by Sightline Institute, every extra one-mile stretch of lane added to a congested highway will increase climate-warming CO2 emissions more than 100,000 tons over 50 years. • Reallocate a lane for shared transit/freight/carpool use and invest in ﬁxing the current railroad bridge to address existing river navigation issues and increase shipping by train. • Create world-class bicycle and pedestrian facilities in the crossing, including dramatic improvements to facilities linking riders and walkers to and from the crossing with the existing network of bike/ped routes both within and beyond the 5-mile project’s study area.
The Interstate Bridge spans the Columbia River between Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington. © Bob Sallinger
• Dramatically increase funding for programs and infrastructure that help businesses support their employees to reduce demand on the transportation system — through carpools, vanpools, public transit, ﬂex time, telecommuting, etc. • Sequester carbon by planting trees and shrubs in the freeway impact zone (within one-half mile on either side of the freeway), and by investing in preservation and expansion of our urban forest regionwide. • Establish a fund of at least 1% of the total project cost for community enhancements (natural resource protection and restoration, health facilities, ventilation systems in most impacted homes, air pollution monitoring, landbanking for affordable housing where needed, etc.) in communities adjacent to the freeway, especially those within a half mile on either side to mitigate for the disproportionate negative health impacts caused by the freeway. For more information on the Climate Smart CRC Proposal, go to www.clfuture.org. To comment on the Columbia River Crossing Draft Environmental Impact Statement, go to www. columbiarivercrossing.org/.
Metro and Counties Prepare to Designate Long-term Urban and Rural Reserves
by Jim Labbe, Urban Conservationist
? ? ? ?
ecisions will shape regional growth for decades and determine the fate of some of the region’s critical biodiversity lands and surrounding farmland.
Should Metro expand the Urban Growth Boundary (UGB) south of the Willamette River? Should additional urban development be allowed on the west flank of Forest Park? Should we allow urban growth to consume ecologically rich bottomlands and high-value agricultural areas in Washington County? Or should these natural and working landscapes that powerfully define our region’s sense of place and quality of life be put off-limits to new urban development the next 40 to 50 years?
Metro and the Counties must designate urban and rural reserves simultaneously and in coordination. In doing so they must consider a variety of factors. Rural reserves will be designated based largely on the quality and location of high-value farm, forest, and natural areas outside the UGB that is vulnerable to future urbanization. The designation of urban reserves must consider the suitability of the land for urbanization; the ability to protect important natural landscape features such as steep slopes, ﬂoodplains, stream corridors, and wildlife habitat; and whether urbanization would displace high-value farmland and biodiversity lands. All this is a new approach, especially in considering impacts to natural areas. For the first time, the value of rural lands for fish, wildlife, clean water, and sense of place will be considered equally with commercial forestry and farming values in deciding where and when the region expands the urban growth boundary.
Washington County Farmland and Riparian Corridors: In rural Washington County, high-value agricultural lands and riparian corridors intersect in a mosaic of working and natural landscapes. Audubon Society of Portland and others believe these lands are among the top candidates for long-term rural reserves. © Mike Houck
These are some of the questions the region will grapple with over the coming year as Metro and Multnomah, Clackamas, and Washington Counties embark on a planning process that will guide future expansions of the UGB and determine the shape of the region for decades to come. For the first time, Under a new state law passed by the 2007 Legislature, Metro and the Counties can simultaneously designate “long-term” (40 to 50 years) urban and rural reserves. Urban reserves will identify lands where Metro will expand the UGB — as currently required by state law — over the next 40 to 50 years. Rural reserves, conversely, will designate lands off-limits to UGB expansion over the same time period.
In the past, state law has generally required cities to avoid high-value agricultural soils ﬁrst in determining the value of rural which lands to urbanize. As a result, lands for fish, cities are often forced to expand onto wildlife, clean water, the most sensitive natural resource and sense of place lands. As precious as farmland is, we need a better balance. Agricultural will be considered and natural landscapes should be equally with treated as an integrated whole, equal commercial forestry parts of a holistic landscape mosaic and farming values. in future rural reserves.
To inform the designation of urban and rural reserve decisions, Metro brought together natural resource professionals and regional experts to map the “natural landscape features” that ecologically and culturally deﬁne the region. The inventory extended from Marion and Yamhill Counties in the south to Clark County (Washington) in the north, and from the Coast Range to the Cascade foothills. Natural landscape features near the existing UGB include the Clackamas River Corridor, the Willamette River, Willamette Narrows, the Sandy River Gorge, Tonquin Geologic Area, the Chehalem Mountains, Forest Park, and Sauvie Island. A subsequent public workshop hosted by Metro found that citizens identiﬁed these same geographic features as critical to the region’s sense of place and natural heritage.
continued on page 10
Your Help Is Still Needed to Send Raptor Killers to Jail
fforts to pass federal legislation to make it a felony to intentionally kill protected bird species received a huge boost during the month of May. Long articles in Backpacker and Audubon magazines as well as short articles in a variety of other national publications has helped raise nationwide awareness of the recent “roller pigeon” cases in Oregon and Washington, in which clubs that raise pigeons for hobby deliberately targeted and killed thousands of federally protected Peregrine Falcons, Cooper’s Hawks, and Red-tailed Hawks. Portland Audubon was featured in both of these articles and we have been receiving calls and emails from across the nation from people wanting to know how they can help. The outrage is fueled not only by the heinousness of these crimes, but also by the fact that the perpetrators escaped with little more than a hard slap on the wrist. The problem is that current law simply does not provide for signiﬁcant penalties even for the most egregious bird crimes. Congressman Peter DeFazio has introduced a bill into Congress to increase the penalties available for intentionally killing a protected bird species from the current misdemeanor to felony status. The Migratory Bird Penalty and Enforcement Act of 2007 (HR 4093) would update the nearly century-old Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 to allow courts and prosecutors to treat intentional killing of protected birds with the seriousness that these crimes deserve. We need your help! In order to move this legislation, we need to get representatives from other states to sign on as cosponsors. Please contact friends and relatives outside
This Red-tailed Hawk came into the Wildlife Care Center in mid-February from the Beaverton area. The hawk had a fractured right wing and X-rays revealed multiple shots in the wing and body. This Red-tailed Hawk is recovering from its injuries and is scheduled to be released shortly. This Osprey was found in Salem, thin and unable to stand. X-rays revealed multiple shots in the raptor’s neck and body. Wildlife Care Center veterinarians diagnosed the Osprey with permanent paralysis and it was humanely euthanized.
by Bob Sallinger, Conservation Director
Photos of peregrine chicks and parent © Bob Sallinger
Fremont Bridge Peregrines Fledge Four Young during Spring 2008
he Peregrine Falcons that have nested on the Fremont Bridge since 1994 ﬂedged four young this year, bringing their 15-year total to 47 ﬂedglings! This peregrine nest site in the middle of downtown Portland is believed to have ﬂedged more young than any other peregrine nest site in the entire state of Oregon. These pictures were taken when Audubon staff entered the nest site to band the nestlings and collect blood and eggshell samples. Audubon has monitored the Fremont nest site since it was ﬁrst established.
Oregon and ask them to encourage their representatives to support the Migratory Bird Penalty and Enforcement Act. We will be making a large nationwide push during June, and support from outside Oregon is critical. Portland Audubon is teaming with the National Audubon Society on this effort. Go to the following National Audubon link for a quick and easy format for contacting representatives on this issue: http://audubonaction.org/ campaign/hr4093?rk=pdsW%5fjM1bvUVE.
Photos © Portland Audubon
Coyote pup at Skyline Heights construction area © Bob Sallinger
Wildlife Care Center
Teenagers Charged with Injuring Nesting Canada Goose
by Deb Sheaffer, Wildlife Care Center Operations Manager
“Living with Coyotes” Presentations Available
by Bob Sallinger, Conservation Director
ver the past 50 years coyotes have successfully established themselves in cities across North America. They have proven adaptable to even the most urban environments, and the PortlandVancouver metropolitan region is no exception. The presence of the animal that Navajo sheepherders once called “God’s Dog” in our local neighborhoods has evoked responses ranging from fascination to fear. Audubon now offers a 90-minute presentation for communities interested in learning how to live with their wild neighbors. The presentation covers the biology and ecology of urban coyotes, strategies for reducing conﬂicts, and the realities of coyote control. The presentation is based on a model urban coyote management policy developed by Portland Audubon and natural resource agencies from across our region and reviewed by nationally recognized experts on urban coyotes. Please contact Audubon Urban Wildlife Specialist Karen Munday if you would like to request a presentation on urban coyotes: firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information on urban coyotes, go to www. audubonportland.org/livingwithwildlife/coyotes/.
or three years, animal-lover Pam H. has enjoyed watching a pair of Canada Geese nest near a pond by her Clackamas workplace. The ﬁrst spring the pair raised goslings, but last year the eggs washed away. This year Pam was excited as hatching time neared for the ﬁve eggs in the nest. However, everything changed for the geese when the female was injured in mid-April. On the morning of April 17, the Wildlife Care Center received a call from Clackamas about a Canada Goose injured by two teenage boys. According to a witness, the two 14year-old boys repeatedly threw rocks at the goose and even “punted” her into the pond. The female goose was injured badly enough that she was unable to get to her nest of eggs. Wildlife Care Center Volunteer Mandy Sims and Oregon State Police Ofﬁcer Christopher Allori captured the injured goose and brought her to the Care Center for assessment and medical care. Her right upper eyelid was ripped open, there was a laceration across the top of her head, and there was severe soft tissue swelling of most of her head. She was off balance, stumbling and falling over when she tried to walk. Wildlife Care Center veterinarians diagnosed traumatic head injury and started immediate treatment with ﬂuid therapy, anti-inﬂammatories, pain relief, and antibiotics.
Dr. Sheaffer examines injured Canada Goose with assistance from volunteer veterinarian Dr. Mary Dickerson. © Portland Audubon
Once stabilized, the goose had to be fed through a tube because she was unable to eat. Several days passed before she was able to walk at all, and many more before she could walk a straight line. After about 2 weeks the wounds had healed, she was eating on her own, and the goose had improved enough to be moved to a large cage where she could swim and rebuild her coordination and strength. Meanwhile, back at the pond, the male goose was waiting. Pam reported he “would stand over the nest and call for her.” On May 16, one month after the abuse, the female goose was strong and healthy. Pam and Ofﬁcer Allori watched as she was released and ﬂew over the pond that she called her home every spring. Unfortunately, the eggs didn’t survive. The two 14-year-olds are charged with Animal Abuse and Harassment of Wildlife, both misdemeanors.
Educational Trips & Tours
Galapagos Islands: November 5–14, 2008
These trips are popular. We recommend that you book early.
AMAZON AND THE GALAPAGOS
oin the Audubon Society of Portland on a journey to one of the most fascinating natural areas in the world, the islands that Darwin ﬁrst made famous with his historic work, The Origin of Species. See for yourself the many ﬁnch species that inspired his theories of adaptation and evolution. Those who make this journey will experience wildlife as they never have before — fearless of humans because large land predators never evolved here.
The Amazon: November 14–19, 2008
Extend your South American adventure and join us as we explore the Amazon Basin of Ecuador. We will stay 5 days at a comfortable jungle lodge near the Yasuni National Park (a UNESCO biosphere reserve). Our lodge, set off the main river and located on a quiet lake, is reached after a short ﬂight, a boat ride down one of the largest Amazon tributaries (the Rio Napo), and ﬁnally by canoe to the lodge. This ride will give us our ﬁrst opportunity to see the many bird species including the strange prehistoric-looking Hoatzin, a bird that still has claws on its wings. Hoatzin © Dan van den Broek From our lodge we will make excursions to nearby locations such as a ‘parrot clay lick’ where, from a blind, we will look for Mealy, Blue-headed, Yellow-crowned, Orangewinged, and Orange-cheeked Parrots amidst the hundreds of Cobalt-winged Parakeets. At one clay lick we even have a chance for Scarlet Macaw. These parrots ﬂock to eat clay that is believed to absorb the toxic alkaloids ingested when they eat certain nuts and fruits. We will visit a few riparian islands that host their own variety of unique birds and a great canopy tower where one can watch birds at eye level including raptors perching above the canopy and ﬂocks of brightly colored tanagers, toucans, aracaris, and many more. We will always be on the lookout for the many species of mammals that can be found here too, including Red Howler Monkeys and Giant River Otter.
While on the islands we should see a great number of the endemic island birds including Galapagos Hawk, Galapagos Dove, Galapagos Mockingbird, and Galapagos Flycatcher, as well as the famous Galapagos Finches. Marine Iguanas, Land Iguanas, Galapagos Fur Seals, and a chance to see the Galapagos Tortoise also await us. We’ll stay 7 nights on a small (16-passenger) boat anchored offshore, and by day will visit the islands on foot. We will go to seabird colonies where we may Whether taken together or separately, these will be unforgettable trips! see Red-footed, Be sure to contact Steve Robertson at 503-292-6855 ext.118 or Blue-footed, and email@example.com to sign up or for more information. Nazca Boobies, What is included: All lodging, all ground transportation, all meals except Tropicbirds, and dinners, guide fees, and the internal round-trip airfare from the city of the endemic Lava Quito, Ecuador, to the Galapagos and Quito to the Amazon Basin. Airfare Gull. While at sea from U.S. to Ecuador and return are not included. A portion of your fee is Swallow-tailed Gull we’ll watch for a tax-deductible contribution to the Audubon Society of Portland. © Dan van den Broek pelagic species such as Elliot’s Storm-Petrel, Galapagos Shearwater, Galapagos: Cost: ~$3275 members / ~$3495 non-members and Galapagos Petrel, as well as dolphins and larger Deposit: $1500 required to secure your place whales. Our route will take us to see the unusual Group size: 14 participants Flightless Cormorant and the Galapagos Penguin, Amazon: Cost: ~$1595 members / ~$1795 non-members and we will have opportunities to snorkel so that we Deposit: $500 required to secure your place may experience the magniﬁcent reefs that fringe the Group size: 14 participants islands and the unique life they support. Leaders: Steve Robertson and Dan van den Broek
June 22–27, 2008
Steens Mountain from the east © BLM
Wildﬂowers and Birds of
ome with Portland Audubon on a trip to the wild and rugged mountains of Northeastern Oregon. We will spend three nights at Wallowa Lake Lodge, which situates us perfectly to bird the nearby mountain trails and open grasslands in search of Three-toed Woodpeckers, Gray Jays, and Golden Eagles. Next we will stay in La Grande, where we will search for NE Clark’s Nutcracker © Jim Cruce Oregon specialties such as the Gray Catbird and Veery. Nearby Ladd Marsh is one of Oregon’s Important Bird Areas, and here we should ﬁnd Black-necked Stilt, American Avocet, and Blackcrowned Night-Heron. We will visit the John Day area as well, in hope of spotting the Calliope Hummingbird, Upland Sandpiper, and Flammulated Owl. Interspersed with mountains and valleys, this region is full of scenic beauty. Contact Steve Engel to sign up or for more information at 971-222-6119 or firstname.lastname@example.org. What is included: Transportation by van from Portland, 5 nights double-occupancy lodging, all meals except dinners, and the services of your leaders. A portion of your fee is a tax-deductible contribution to the Audubon Society of Portland. Cost: $645 members / $670 non-members Deposit: $200 required to secure your place Leaders: Steve Robertson, Education Director, and Dan van den Broek, Master Birder Coordinator
July 23–27, 2008
pend ﬁve days exploring Steens Mountain, one of the most spectacular natural areas in Oregon. Study the botanical and bird life of the high desert environment. At Steens’ East Rim Overlook we’ll scan for the rare Black Rosy-Finch, and if we’re lucky, will look down on the backs of soaring Golden Eagles and Prairie Falcons from our vantage point a dizzying vertical mile above the Alvord Desert. Unique plants include two rare species of Spring Beauty (Sierran and Alpine) and Steershead Bleeding Heart at Fish Lake. Along the way we’ll search for larger animals like Pronghorn and Bighorn Sheep. Visits to Malheur NWR and Mann Lake provide a chance to observe a variety of breeding birds. Accommodations are at the charming Frenchglen Hotel. Naturalist Steve Engel and botanist Sherry Spencer are excited to co-lead this trip once again. What is included: Transportation by van from Portland, 4 nights double-occupancy lodging, all meals except dinners and ﬁrst day lunch, and the services of your leaders. A portion of your fee is a tax-deductible contribution to the Audubon Society of Portland. Cost: $585 members / $625 non-members Deposit: $300 required to secure your place Enrollment limited: 9
Belize! January 7–18, 2009
oin experienced naturalists from Portland Audubon on this 12-day adventure to Belize, one of the most remarkable countries in the world. You’ll bird vast wetlands and tropical forests, snorkel coral reefs, and visit Mayan ruins, all in a country about Magnificent Frigatebird © Craig Mark 1/10 the size of Oregon! We’ll team up with local experts for the ﬁrst week to bird some of the country’s ﬁnest hotspots, including the famous Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary. Belize boasts an amazing 540+ species of birds, and we’ll keep our eyes peeled for the Tody Mot-Mot, the Roseate Spoonbill, and the American Pygmy Kingfisher, just to name a few. We’ll have the opportunity to bird a variety of habitats and biomes, so we’re sure to build a healthy species list. But this is more than just a birding trip! Belize is also the Land of the Maya, and on this trek we’ll explore two of the country’s most impressive ancient cities, Altun Ha, and Caracol, where the Mayan clan that defeated the community of mighty Tikal once lived. Caracol is a vast complex of structures located well off the beaten path of most travelers. Its main building, ‘Caana,’ was only cleared of vegetation in 2003, and is one of the tallest structures in all of Belize, ancient or modern. The last 4 days we’ll be based out of the coastal village of Placencia, our launching pad for several daily excursions. We’ll spend a magical day snorkeling the pristine coral reefs in the warm blue waters surrounding Laughing Bird Caye. The Magnificent Frigate Birds overhead and the unbelievable array of sea life below ensure this day will be one for the memory books. We’ll also take an early morning boat ride up the Monkey River, known for the Black Howler Monkeys and array of birds that inhabit its forests. Finally, there will be a day to hike the trails of the Cockscombs Jaguar Preserve, home to one of the healthiest populations of Jaguars in the world. Though
HOW TO REGISTER
1. Phone or email with your contact information and the classes in which you wish to reserve one or more spaces. 2. Mail in your payment right away. Make checks payable to Audubon Society of Portland. 3. We’ll contact you with confirmation of payment and class details.
Trips & Classes
Educational Trips & Tours
1. Phone or email to request a registration packet for the trips of interest. 2. Complete and sign the Registration / Waiver Form and return it with the required deposit. 3. We’ll contact you with confirmation of payment and further details. Contact: Steve Engel, Adult Mail: Audubon Society of Portland Education Coordinator 5151 NW Cornell Rd. Portland, OR 97210 Email: email@example.com Phone: 971-222-6119 Credit Card Payment: We accept VISA, MasterCard, and Discover. A 3% processing fee is added to each transaction. Include card number, expiration date, and billing zip code, or call Steve Engel and pay over the phone.
June 12 (Thursday), 7pm–9pm: Class June 14–15 (Sat.–Sun.): Field Trip
Woodpeckers of Oregon
Learn about the 12 species of woodpeckers that can be found in Oregon as we cover many of the unique qualities of this remarkable group of birds. Many woodpecker species are very habitat speciﬁc, and we will review the best places in Oregon to ﬁnd them. We will discuss the identiﬁcation of males, females, and young, as well as hybrids, and will learn to identify woodpeckers by calls and drumming patterns. Not all woodpeckers behave alike; some sally for insects and others store food in granaries. So if you’ve Red-breasted Sapsucker always wanted to learn more about © Jim Cruce the habitats, habits, identiﬁcation, hybridization, and sounds of woodpeckers, and where to ﬁnd them, you will want to take this class. We’ll have a classroom session in Audubon’s Heron Hall and an overnight trip to Bend. The Bend area is one of only a few places in the world with such high woodpecker diversity that we stand a good chance of seeing up to 11 species. Dan van den Broek, Audubon’s Master Birder Program coordinator, leads this trip. Cost: $145 members / $165 non-members Enrollment limited: 14 participants Pre-registration is required.
Wildflowers of Mt. Hood Field Trip
July 19 (Saturday), 8am–4pm
Beargrass © Don Jacobson
Western Kingbird © Jim Cruce
Flycatchers of the Northwest
July 15 (Tuesday), 7pm–9pm, Heron Hall
What are ﬂycatchers? Are they bigger or smaller than gnatcatchers? Come and ﬁnd out! These small songbirds migrate long distances from the tropics to the Northwest each year. Once here they set up a territory, raise young, and head right back to Central and South America! Flycatchers are feisty little songbirds that occur in a wide variety of habitats across the Paciﬁc Northwest, and they are notoriously difﬁcult for birders to identify. Tonight Harry Nehls, local expert and author of Familiar Birds of the Pacific Northwest and Birds of the Willamette Valley, will enlighten us on where to ﬁnd ﬂycatchers and share his tips on how to recognize them. Attend this class then seek out ﬂycatchers this summer equipped with your new skills and knowledge. Cost: $10 members / $15 non-members This class is FREE for volunteers. Pre-registration is required.
Once more the ample rain and snowfall this year promises a great season for the mountain ﬂoral display. This class will emphasize family characteristics as well as wildﬂower identiﬁcation, with both common and scientiﬁc names. A major focus of the class will be on how you can learn wildﬂower names. The hiking will consist of about 5 miles round trip and 600–800 feet of elevation gain. The pace will be slow with numerous stops for identiﬁcation, and handouts including a reference list will be provided. A carpool location will be available in southeast Portland. Your instructor will be Don Jacobson, well-known Portland-area botanist and photographer. Cost: $25 members / $35 non-members Enrollment limited: 12 participants Pre-registration is required.
Least Sandpiper © Rob Robinson
July 23 (Wednesday), 7pm–9pm, Heron Hall
Pachydiplax longipennis Ever wonder how many species © Jim Johnson of dragonﬂies frequent your local wetland, or how they spend their days? Interest and knowledge of these fascinating creatures has been steadily growing over recent years. Did you know that some species undergo migrations just like many birds? Join Jim Johnson for an evening class on the Odonates (dragonﬂies and damselﬂies) to learn about various aspects of dragonﬂy life, and especially ﬁeld identiﬁcation of the more common local species. Includes slides, handouts, and discussion.
A fall shorebird outing is in the works!
We are planning an overnight excursion in August, and the focus will be the returning adult shorebirds in their worn plumages and the sparkling new “2008 models” with just a few thousand miles of wear and tear on their ﬁrst coat of feathers. Call Steve Engel if you are interested in more information.
Summer Camp 2008
Exciting camps for kids entering 1st–12th grades! To reserve your spot, please call 971-222-6120.
Cost: $10 members / $15 non members FREE for volunteers. Pre-registration is required. we’ll likely only encounter the tracks of this elusive predator, one never knows! We’ll also be sure to build in plenty of free time so you can relax and enjoy the trip! If you would like more information, please call Steve Robertson at 503-292-6855 ext.118. Your deposit secures your place on the trip. What is included: All lodging, ground transportation, all meals except dinners, all guide fees, park fees, and planned group activities such as birding, snorkeling, etc. Not included: airfare to and from Portland, tips for local guides. A portion of your fee is a tax-deductible contribution to the Audubon Society of Portland. Cost: $2,685 members / $2,800 non-members Deposit: $1,200 Leaders: Steve Robertson, Education Director, and Steve Engel, Adult Education Coordinator
Here are just a few of this summer’s great camps! For kids entering 6th-8th grade:
Black Bear, Bobcat and Cougars are all in the forests that surround Portland, but we rarely see them. Learn to read animal tracks in the mud, sand and soil. Get down and dirty as we read and interpret the signs animals leave behind. Tracking will enable you to learn all about the lives of wild animals, without ever seeing or hearing them. Build basic tracking skills the ﬁrst three days as we study the animals that live in Audubon’s Sanctuary and the animals that live out on the Sandy River’s ﬂoodplains. Take it to the next level as we spend the night at Marmot Cabin and track in the Miller Wildlife Sanctuary on the last night of camp. Dates: July 7-11 (overnight Thursday - Friday) Fee: $285 members/$300 non-members
Spend a week exploring our own world-famous volcanoes and the effects they have had on our land. During this amazing adventure you will ﬁnd yourself in the middle of some of the Northwest’s most dramatic landscapes including Mt. St. Helens, Mt. Hood, Larch Mountain and the Columbia River Gorge Scenic Area. Then, spend two nights up at our very own rustic Marmot Cabin on Mt. Hood sharing stories around the campﬁre and you will even get an introduction to navigating around the sky. You’ll learn to use a large telescope to locate celestial objects. The experience will be a fun and interesting introduction to amateur astronomy. This camp is sure to blow you away! Dates: August 11-15 (overnight Wednesday - Friday) Fee: $375 members/$390 non-members
For a complete listing of camps, please visit us at www.audubonportland.org. JUNE 2008
Nature Store Highlights
by Sally Loomis & Nancy Mattson, Nature Store Staff
June is a great month for bird-loving techies. At the Nature Store we are bringing in fun new gadgets to enhance how we observe, enjoy, and learn about wildlife.
Digital Photos & Videos
horn, harmonica, piano, guitar, and percussion. These CDs are great for stress relief, sleeping assistance, meditation, or just an enjoyable soundtrack for your everyday life. Our DVD collection continues to expand. Our newest offering is “Still Wild at Heart,” a compelling ﬁlm by Melissa Peabody, which chronicles the return of coyotes to urban San Francisco. It explores the complexity, conﬂicts, and richness of the fertile interface between our human landscapes and wild nature. Readers familiar with Donald Kroodsma’s Singing Life of Birds will enjoy his new work. The Backyard Birdsong Guide: Western North America comes with an electronic module loaded with common vocalizations of 75 species. Another hot forthcoming title is the Smithsonian Field Guide to the Birds of North America, which includes 1500 digital photographs and downloadable recordings of over 500 bird songs. The 11th edition of Birds of North America (Peterson Field Guides series), due in August, will combine eastern and western guides into one volume. Range maps are now conveniently located right on the page with the bird description. The book also comes with access to nearly three hours of video podcasts.
COMING IN LATE JUNE
Ever wonder who visits your feeders, birdbaths, or nest boxes while you are away? The weatherproof, motionactivated, and easy-to-use Wingscapes BirdCam captures digital photos and videos of your unseen backyard visitors. Using an infrared sensor to detect birds or small animals, it then automatically takes photos or videos in stunning color and detail. The images are easily viewed on any TV or you can download to a computer for printing, email, videosharing, and posting to the web. The newest technology in portable bird song recordings is the iflyer. By simply pressing a button and scanning a barcode, the iflyer plays a high-quality digital recording of a bird’s song. With each iflyer, you receive 206 bird and 10 frog songs. Scanning labels come in their own portable scanbook. A second set can be added to your ﬁeld guides or bird books. Take it along on your bird walks using the included wrist lanyard, handy holster with belt loop, and carrying case. Wishing you could hear more bird songs at home? The Nature Store is bringing back a great selection of Solitudes Nature Sounds CDs with or without music. Solitudes CDs offer a variety of lush ambient nature sounds and bird songs. If you enjoy your nature paired with music, you can also choose CDs with carefully arranged musical scores that enhance and complement the natural sounds. Instrumentation includes ﬂute, clarinet, oboe, English
iflyer BirdSong Scanning Wand
Multi-Media Field Guides
The Audubon Nature Store is pleased to announce that we will be receiving the new Leica Ultravid HD binoculars in late June. With an exciting array of redesigned features including ﬂuorite lenses, AquaDuraTM coating, and an improved focusing mechanism, these all-new Leicas will make experiencing nature more fascinating than ever.
Audubon Society of Portland gratefully acknowledges these thoughtful gifts:
Anthony Daniels Marilyn C. Buckhalter Diana and Charles Kreider
Lucia E. Warren-Powers
W. Charles and Cathy Long Edward L. Marchbank Judith Jensen
Go Native and Report Invasives
Tom Costello, Sanctuaries Director
s I write this we are busy ﬁnalizing preparations for our 12th Annual Native Plant Sale; by the time you read this you’ll undoubtedly be hearing me talk about how successful this year’s sale was. I’d like to take a brief moment to thank all of the dedicated volunteers who put their time into organizing and running this wonderful event, in particular Ann Littlewood, Gregg Everhart, Kyle Spinks, Brian Vaughn, and Bonnie Shoffner. Thank you all for the impressive efforts you put into making this sale a success year after year. As you may know, native plants are the primary building block for healthy habitat for birds and other wildlife species. Beyond all the funds raised by our Plant Sale, it is exciting to consider that each plant sold is also enhancing the habitat value of our backyard landscapes. While we put a tremendous effort into maintaining and enhancing the habitat value of our Sanctuaries, we know that wildlife do not recognize property lines. It is encouraging to see the community doing their part by planting natives. Thank you all for going native!
Portland Audubon also contributed to the publication of the Garden Smart Oregon booklet, which was released in conjunction with Miner’s Lettuce, a Pacific Northwest the recent broadcast native. © Marilyn Stinnett of OPB’s documentary, “The Silent Invasion.” This booklet highlights 25 of the most proliﬁc and potentially damaging invasive plant species in Oregon while suggesting several native and non-invasive ornamental species to plant in lieu of invasives. Copies of this booklet are available at Portland Audubon, and they are free! If you are interested, pick up a copy the next time you are visiting the Sanctuaries.
You can honor a special person with a gift to Audubon Society of Portland. Your gift will help fund a future of inspiring people to love and protect nature. You can make an Honor or Memorial gift online at www.audubonportland.org or by calling 971-222-6129. A songbird card acknowledging your thoughtful gift will be sent to the honoree or family.
Wish List & Thank you’s Thank you to:
• Ann P. Littlewood for plants for the Native Plant Sale. • Alan Locklear for 4 Swordferns and 1 Western Red Cedar. • Ian McMahon for kitten food, chicken baby food, and bleach for the Wildlife Care Center.
Last but deﬁnitely not least, I am very excited to announce that the Metro Council just approved a grant award to the Audubon Society of Portland for $46,500 to restore, enhance, and protect habitat in our Sanctuaries. Grant money will primarily be used to bring in AmeriCorps crews to remove targeted invasive species and to purchase native plants for volunteer plantings next On the other side of the coin, I have been winter. We are elated to have this inﬂux of keeping busy the past month trying to get resources to complement the hard work more information into the community of our sanctuary volunteers and staff. about invasive plant species. Portland Combined with our recent $35,000 grant Oregon Grape, our state flower. Audubon recently hosted a “Weed from the Portland Bureau of Environmental © Marilyn Stinnett Watcher’s” workshop organized by The Service’s Watershed Investment Fund, we Nature Conservancy and the West Multnomah Soil and now have the resources in hand to make huge strides in our Water Conservation District. The workshop focused on the restoration plan for the coming year. “Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR)” of invasive species that are beginning to appear in the Willamette Valley. Information about species covered and an online An online form for reporting form for reporting the presence of invasives can be found the presence of invasives at www.westerninvasivesnetwork.org. There is also an can be found at online forum to discuss invasives issues with others in the www.westerninvasivesnetwork.org. community who are working hard to stop the invasion.
Our Wish List:
For Education: Powerpoint projector • Flat screen monitor Laptop computer For Sanctuary: Loppers • Hand saws • Work gloves Watering wand hose attachment For Wildlife Care Center: Chicken baby food Science Diet kitten food Bleach • Camper/trailer
If you can donate these items, please first contact Audubon Society of Portland at 503-292-6855 ext.102, Mon–Fri, to arrange a time for delivery/pick-up.
Keep an Eye Out for Calliope Hummers
he Calliope Hummingbird is one of the most interesting of Oregon birds. It is one of the smallest birds in the world, so small it’s a wonder that it exists at all. It is also highly migratory, traveling over 3,000 miles between winter and summer ranges. Traveling at 30–40 miles per hour, where does it store its fuel reserves, and how often does it stop to refuel? These are only two questions regarding this spectacular species. Calliope Hummingbirds migrate individually so Oregon observers seldom see more than one at a time. It is thought that males migrate about a week before the females and young birds. Although females outnumber males ﬁve to one, most of the spring sightings are of males. Later in the season females are regularly seen.
by Harry Nehls
During the spring migration small numbers migrate northward through Western Oregon. In some years many individuals are observed, in others only a few. Good numbers were reported during the spring of 1999, 2000, 2002, and 2007. With several sightings in the Portland area, 2008 is another good year. On April 27 Sandy Leaptrott was able to obtain very good photos of a bird at her northeast Portland feeders, and others were reported by Gerard Lillie, Judy Kolias, Don Moore, Seth Reams, Chuck Holmes, and Bob Flores.
Calliope Hummingbirds are mountain birds that overlap the range of the Rufous Hummingbird over most of its breeding range. In Oregon the Calliope breeds from the east slopes of the Cascades eastward and in Southwest Oregon northward to the Umpqua River. There have been numerous summer sightings in the Coast Range in recent years, especially at Saddle Mountain State Park east of Seaside, indicating some nesting.
f course, all of Audubon’s volunteers are “super,” but there are those who have received special recognition this past year for their efforts on behalf of Audubon. Please join us in thanking these individuals for their commitment and dedication to Audubon.
Education Volunteers with at least...
Breeding habitat for the Calliope Hummingbird is in mountainous areas mainly in fairly open brushlands, The female Calliope Hummingbird is quite similar to female Rufous Hummers and and in riparian areas along streamsides. Male Calliope Hummingbird © Bill is often mis-identiﬁed. They are smaller They mainly favor old clearcuts and Schmoker (www.schmoker.org/BirdPics) burns that have transitioned into and shorter billed than Rufous, but that is seldom noticed in the ﬁeld. One obvious ﬁeld point is shrublands. Higher elevation open areas north and west that Calliope females have noticeably short tails. When the of the Portland metro area could harbor nesting Calliope Calliope is perched, its wing tips extend well beyond the Hummers, making this another species to look for while end of the tail. birding these areas.
Cold unsettled weather this spring has interrupted and slowed bird movements. Eventually they will return to their nesting sites, but probably will be in rather poor condition from lack of ready food. The early nesting period will probably produce few young birds. A number of out-of-place and unusual birds are being reported, including sightings of a possible Frigatebird along the Columbia River. On April 12 Lynn Withers saw a very large, long-winged bird over the Columbia River near Multnomah Falls. On checking bird guides she identiﬁed it as a Frigatebird. Several Fish and Wildlife Service biologists at a meeting in Skamania April 17 glimpsed a bird they thought was a Frigatebird. On April 24 there was a report of a Frigatebird ﬂying downriver near Vancouver. None of the observers had good detailed looks at the bird. Chris Warren reports that he observed a distinctive Plumbeous Vireo among the migrant birds on Mt. Tabor April 28. Kasey Church reported a Broad-tailed Hummingbird April 13 on Sauvie Island. Henry Horvat, checking the sparrow ﬂocks in Scappoose Bottoms April 12, saw a bright Brewer’s Sparrow. Migrant sparrows Black-necked Stilt were very noticeable during © www.BjornFredrickson.com April, and Orange-crowned and Yellow-rumped Warblers were also very conspicuous during the month.
100 hours of service: Pat Crane, Phil Hubert, Kerma Murphy, and Jill Nelson-DeBord 200 hours of service: Laura Whittemore 500 hours of service: Lois Bode, Luanne Bye, and Sharon Coggswell
Nature Store Volunteers with at least...
400 hours of service: Fran Daggett, Anne Eakin, Mike Peroni, Jane Smith, and Carolyn Snegoski
Membership Volunteer with at least...
Long-billed Curlew © www.BjornFredrickson.com
400 hours of service: Alan Locklear
Receptionist Volunteers with at least...
400 hours of service: Harriet Anderson, Ginnie Astrue, Susan Bexton, Diane Field, Marcia Marvin, Ginnie Ross, Cathy Schar, Betty Stevens, Celeste Vaughters, and Dean Wilson
Sanctuaries Volunteers with at least...
400 hours of service: Ann Littlewood, Lloyd Rhoades, and Bonnie Shoffner Thank you all for supporting Audubon by giving of your time and enthusiasm.
The Tualatin River NWR has been good this spring. Bob Flores spotted a Eurasian Teal there April 15 and Bjorn Fredrickson photographed a Long-billed Curlew there April 13. On April 10 Carol Karlen watched a Long-billed Curlew at the Yellow-headed Blackbird marsh along Briedwell Road near Amity. On April 13 Wilson Cady found a ﬂock of 12 Black-necked Stilts at the mouth of the Klickitat River in the Columbia Gorge. Mike Marsh spotted one April 18 near Chinook Landing in Troutdale. While looking for the stilt April 19, Andy Frank did not see it but did see an early Western Kingbird. Amy Sexton reports that on April 26 she spotted a White-tailed Kite hovering over an open ﬁeld off Hwy 14 just east of Washougal. Jimbo Beckmann saw a very early Black Swift April 24 ﬂying low over Washington Park. On April 17 Adam Baggs saw a bright breeding-plumaged Black-bellied Plover in the grassy ﬁelds at the western edge of the Portland Airport.
A bird’s-eye view from the atrium sky bridge overlooking some of the artists’ booths at last year’s WAF. © Susan Bexton
Volunteer of the Month:
Donations Needed for WAF Silent Auction
Items are needed for the Silent Auction for the 2008 Wildlife Arts Festival, to be held November 22 and 23 at Montgomery Park. We are currently accepting gift certiﬁcates for services or facilities such as vacation stays, art or collectibles (wildlife- or nature-related, please), and nature-related books. If you have an item that you would like to donate, go to www.audubonportland.org, click on the fundraising events link, and go to Wildlife Arts Festival. There you will ﬁnd a form to submit online. For further information or to discuss a possible donation, call Bob Fields, auction coordinator, at 503645-3510 or email Bob at bandjﬁelds@comcast.net. You can also call the Wildlife Arts Festival phone number (971-222-6132) and leave a message. The Silent Auction is an important part of the Festival. Your generous donations will make it successful again this year.
by Sarah Swanson, Camp Director/ Onsite Program Specialist
ois Bode has been a volunteer with Audubon Society of Portland off and on since 1991. She originally had a once-weekly receptionist shift, but has since moved on to the Education Department. She estimates that she has been volunteering in the Education Department for about nine years, during which she has done every kind of ofﬁce job that needs doing. Lois has also assisted with ﬁeld trips, camps, and the Wild Arts Festival. Lois has worked special events, stuffed hundreds of packets, and lately has been the copier, ﬁler, and sender of invoices. The Education Department conducts hundreds of kids’ programs every year, and each program requires that an invoice be copied, ﬁled, and sent to a school. This takes hours of work, and Lois is the perfect person for this essential job. She works behind the scenes and the job is not glamorous, but without it we would have to spend more time in the ofﬁce and less time outside teaching kids.
Mike, Ian, and I appreciate how committed Lois is to the Education Department and how seriously she takes her duties. She’s a stickler for detail, and as new staff members have come on, Lois has been great about making sure that everyone knows exactly what an invoice should be. We always love to see her at ‘Lunch and Learn,’ of which she is a loyal attendee. She is also known for bringing hilarious white elephant gifts to our annual education volunteer holiday party. Lois says that she loves being able to help out and get to know all of the great people that have worked here over the years. Thank you, Lois, for your many years of vital service to Audubon!
Long-term Urban and Rural Reserves
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But will urban and rural reserve designation support the long-term protection of these natural features? It is too early to tell, but listed below are a number of questions citizens should be asking:
Will rural reserves include the highest-value natural landscape features with the highest-value forest and farmlands?
Will Metro base its land needs on how we have grown in the past — in an era of highways and low-density sprawl — or on how we know we should grow in the future — in order to meet the challenges of global climate change, peak oil, and the imperatives for greener, smarter, and more pedestrian- and transit-oriented urban communities?
1 2 3 4
How much land will Metro need to bring into the UGB and how large should the urban reserves be?
Will Metro avoid urbanization of the most important features that could be lost or irreparably jeopardized by future UGB expansions?
The Audubon Society of Portland believes working and natural landscapes are complementary elements of the region’s sense of place and ecological sustainability. Rural reserves should include those high-value natural features and agricultural lands that would be irreparably lost or jeopardized by urbanization. Those natural features included in the UGB must be protected and restored as part of a more livable and more walkable urban landscape. Keeping nature nearby is a critical ingredient to a regional growth strategy that fosters more compact, livable urban communities and reduces the need to expand the UGB in the future. This spring Metro and the Counties will be taking a ﬁrst round of public input in the process to designate rural and urban reserves. Audubon Society of Portland encourages you to get involved in these important decisions and ask hard questions. This is your region, and your voice should be heard in making these critical long-term decisions about where and how we grow.
More of this? Recent urban growth boundary expansions in Washington County have encroached on unprotected wildlife habitat on Forest Park’s west flank, including the Rock Creek headwaters (shown here) that provide clear, cold water to the Tualatin River. © Bruce Forester
How will Metro and the Counties ensure that natural features brought into the UGB are adequately protected, restored, and managed in designing and developing vibrant new urban communities?
Check the Portland Audubon Conservation web page to get more information and ﬁnd out how you can get involved, or contact Jim Labbe at 503-292-6855 ext.112.
Bird Song Walks
udubon Society of Portland is proud to sponsor the 2008 season of weekday morning Bird Song Walks! From beginners to advanced birders, anyone who is fascinated by the sounds of birds should take advantage of these guided walks to the metro area’s prime spring migration hotspots. All walks begin at 7am, are free of charge, and last from one to two hours. Walkers leave whenever they need to for work. No pre-registration is required. Leaders include Paul Sullivan, Gerard Lillie, and other Audubon naturalists. Bring your binoculars and ﬁeld guide and be sure to dress properly for the weather; spring mornings can be surprisingly chilly. Try taking the bus (routes and phone numbers are given below). For natural history information, maps, and directions for any of these natural areas, see Wild in the City: A Guide to Portland’s Natural Areas, available at the Portland Audubon Nature Store.
Welcome, New Members!
Portland Audubon is a force in regional conservation thanks to its strength in membership, standing together since 1902. We appreciate each and every one of our members and celebrate our membership by welcoming our new members monthly. Thank you for joining our vibrant and growing community!
Lance Bailey Lois King Alex and Sarah Gardner Teri Wadsworth Cynthia Aumann Nick Viele Florence Fukushima Karen Fukushima David Argast Nancy and Jorge Alfaro Joline Miller Johanna Khan Ian Read Sharon Fontenot Adina and Chad Hunsucker Reggie Snyder Barb Seatter Denise Salmon Karin and Robert Webb Jon and Mary Campbell Teacher Brandi’s 2nd Grade Class Andrea Vannelli Meredith Johnstone Daniel Hawken Richard Brown Katherine Brevik Rob and Janet Barnes Carol Otis and Roger Goldingay Karen Staats Sally Jacobs Virginia Sponsler Robert Wood Morris Kinser Catherine Cleveland Eric Lindstrom Kurt Wehbring and Donna Dermond Boel Stoddard Sarah Sterner Catherine Tcher Lucy Dougherty Sallie Jones Daniel Miller Jill Kashiwagi John Matzka Shane Cline Pam and Rick Meyers Marya Ferris Sharon Genasci Donald Wardwell Rand Schenck Diane Burns Jan Houck Don Rossi Gary and Susan Winkler Earl Snyder Janeen Johnson Yvonne Lyles Timothy Mullikin Michael Dennis Elouise Binns Holly and Salvez Nelson-Dodd Andy Nelson Cynthia Withee Cynthia Gerdes Bill Stoller Alecia Juber Gene Zimmerman Jonny Polivka Sarah Cogswell Pamela Lloyd Crystal Schock Vikki De Gaa James Hein Ron and Joyce Ayers Heather Gough Prue Ruby Gretchen Moline William Grifﬁths Catherine and William Sheppard Teresa Fuhrman Jill Johansen Dave and Margie Beckett Erik and Barbara Paulsen Elizabeth Fewel
Tualatin Hills Nature Park
May 27 & June 3
Directions: From the Westside MAX [www.trimet.org] get off at Merlo Road Station and walk down the trail into the preserve to the Interpretive Center. By car, take Murray Blvd south from Hwy 26 to Millikan Blvd. Turn right onto Millikan; the park is at 15655 SW Millikan, just past the second railroad tracks. Walks start at 7am.
If you would like to join us or have any questions about membership, please contact Catherine at firstname.lastname@example.org or 503-292-6855.
Audubon Birding Weekends 2008 — a portal to birding Oregon
his popular program will continue for another year. As before, it intends to bring birders together from around the state to enjoy birds, see new locations, and maybe add to their lists. We aim to help everyone see most of the birds. The pace is moderate, and corny jokes may happen from time to time.
May 28 & June 4
Directions: From SE Belmont, go south on SE 69th two short blocks. Just into the park, turn right and drive as far as possible to the gate. Park along the street. Mt. Tabor Park is closed to vehicle trafﬁc on Wednesdays, so be sure to use this entrance. [Mt. Tabor TriMet Bus #15 stops at SE 69th & Yamhill; call 503-231-3215 or check www. trimet.org]. Walks start at 7am.
Registration for Audubon Birding Weekends is $35 per person for each weekend. Separate checks are preferred. Please make your check payable to the Audubon Society of Portland. You must register by the Tuesday before the weekend you plan to attend. The following registration information is needed for each weekend you wish to attend: • name • address • phone • email • trip you wish to join • number of attendees • amount enclosed.
Please send the registration to:
The Nature Conservancy’s Camassia Preserve
May 29 & June 5
What you can expect
Directions: Take Exit 8 off I-205 and turn toward Oregon City (but don’t cross the river). At the 76 gas station, turn right then left to follow Willamette Falls Dr. Turn right on Sunset, cross I-205, and immediately turn right on Walnut St. The preserve is at the end of Walnut St. Walks start at 7am.
About 10 days before each trip, I will provide a letter to registered participants that will give motel options, schedule, possible birds, and the meeting place. I will also help with arranging carpooling. We meet for Saturday breakfast and carpool from there. Participants are responsible for their own transportation, food, and lodging. Participants are also responsible for their own comfort: snacks, warm clothing, rain gear, insect repellant, sunscreen, etc. Participants should get gas and lunches ahead of time.
Paul T. Sullivan 4470 SW Murray Blvd. #26 Beaverton, OR 97005
Contact Paul at email@example.com or 503-646-7889, or go to www.audubonportland.org/ trips_classes_camps/adult_programs/birding_ weekendsfolder/index_html.
May 30 & June 6
Upcoming Audubon Birding Weekends 2008
June 14–15 — Klamath County July 4–6 — Wallowa County August 9–10 — Lake County
Directions: Follow W Burnside about 1.2 miles west of NW 23rd and turn right onto NW Barnes Rd. Follow the well-marked signs through the neighborhood for another 0.7 mile; meet in the Pittock Mansion parking lot [West Burnside TriMet Bus #20 stops at the bottom of the hill; call 503-231-3220 or check www.trimet.org]. Walks start at 7am.
We will visit this county to look for Yellow Rails, White Pelicans, Rednecked and Clark’s Grebes, Forster’s and Black Terns, plus shorebirds, raptors, and waterfowl on Upper Klamath and Agency Lakes, as well as forest species. Base: Klamath Falls.
We will look for nesting songbirds, migrant shorebirds, and the raptors of the Zumwalt prairie while we enjoy the beauty of the Wallowas. Base: Enterprise.
We will visit southern Lake County: Lake Abert, Hart Mountain NWR, and the Warner Valley, to see the diverse array of migrant shorebirds, as well as waterfowl and forest birds. We may ﬁnd the Juniper Titmouse. Base: Lakeview.
Bird of the Month
by Steve Engel, Adult Education Coordinator
Great Blue Heron
Jack Sparrowhawk, the American Kestrel © Rie Luft Ruby, the Turkey Vulture © Rie Luft
Syd, the Red-tailed Hawk © Ken Barron
Finnegan, the Peregrine Falcon © Jim Pollock
Hazel, the Northern Spotted Owl © Don Baccus
Julio, the Great Horned Owl © Deanna Sawtelle
“As a picturesque feature of the landscape or, oftener, the waterscape, the Heron has no rival. Whether standing motionless upon the flats, with bills elevated, or depressed, according as men or fish are the objects of the current moment, or whether flapping slowly across the scene, they lend just that touch of sedate life which the artistic eye requires.” — William Dawson
Great Blue Heron © Jim Cruce
Take one of Portland Audubon’s Wild Things under your wing!
ur non-releasable educational birds include Finnegan, the Peregrine Falcon; Hazel, the Northern Spotted Owl; Jack Sparrowhawk, the American Kestrel; Julio, the Great Horned Owl; Ruby, the Turkey Vulture; and Syd, the Red-tailed Hawk. Our “wild things” are viewable at Portland Audubon’s Wildlife Care Center. Please come by to visit — and consider taking one of our animals under your wing. Your sponsorship donation of $40 or more will help provide for their food, medical, and housing needs. As a sponsor of one of our permanent educational animals, you will receive an ofﬁcial adoption packet that includes a color photo of your chosen animal, an adoption certiﬁcate, a personal history of the animal, general information on the species, and information on how you can help injured wildlife. You will have the satisfaction of knowing that you are helping promote the protection of our native wildlife.
The Great Blue Heron is the largest heron in North America, standing four feet tall and with a wingspan of six feet. It is gray in color, tinged in blue, and it has bold white cheeks and crown set apart by broad, black eye-stripes that end in plumes. The yellow, dagger-like bill is up to six inches long. Elegant gray plumes grow from the chest, neck, and back during the breeding season. A rusty shoulder patch, rusty thighs, and ﬁne black markings bordering the white throat complete this heron’s outﬁt.
Great Blue Herons hunt a wide variety of prey. Fish, amphibians, reptiles, aquatic invertebrates, birds, and mammals are all on their menu. Their long necks are designed to deliver a lightning-quick thrust, and prey is either speared through or pincered by the bill. They are very adaptable and may even be seen hunting rodents along freeway medians.
Great Blue Herons frequent a variety of wetland habitats such as estuaries, fresh-water marshes, and the shores of oceans, lakes, ponds, streams, and rivers. They may also be seen in wet meadows and dry ﬁelds.
Great Blue Herons typically build a bulky platform-nest of sticks in a grove of trees near good foraging habitat. They are colonial nesters, forming rookeries of a dozen to hundreds of pairs. Courtship may begin as early as January followed by pair formation and egg laying in February and March.
In ﬂight the heron is distinguished from cranes by the way its neck is folded so that its head seems to rest on its shoulders. Cranes ﬂy with their necks straight, something the Great Blue Heron only does when taking off and before landing. It ﬂaps with a slow, stately wingbeat and the wings have a distinctive arch, each one like ﬂying parentheses, when seen head-on. Its call is a loud guttural croak.
Loss of foraging and nesting habitat is the biggest threat to Great Blue Herons in Oregon. Disturbance of colonies during early nesting may result in the birds abandoning the rookery. Statewide their population has not shown signiﬁcant decreases in the last 30 years, but there are signs of fragmentation of historic rookeries.
References Birds of California,Vol. IV (William Dawson) Birds of Oregon: A General Reference (Marshall, Hunter, Contreras) The Sibley Guide to Birds (David Allen Sibley)
A Lasting Way to Show Your Love and Support for Nature
id you know that your will is a simple and lasting way for you to support birds, other wildlife and their habitat right here in the Paciﬁc Northwest? Your bequest to the Audubon Society of Portland supports our efforts to inspire people to love and protect nature and is one of the most forward-looking gifts you can give to Portland Audubon. Your thoughtful gift will assure that future generations will come to understand and enjoy the natural world! I would like to receive information about including Portland Audubon in my will. I have included the Audubon Society of Portland in my will. Name Address City Phone State Email Zip
Members Receive a Discount at the Nature Store!
udubon Society of Portland’s Nature Store is the headquarters for naturalists in the PortlandVancouver metro area. We feature nature books, hiking and ﬁeld guides, birding software, CDs, DVDs, binoculars and spotting scopes, birdfeeders and seed, plus gifts and toys for adults and children, all with a nature theme. Portland Audubon members receive a 10% discount off regular prices.
Rising Birdseed Prices
A common question at the store recently is, “Why is the price of birdseed getting so high?” The short answer is that rising retail prices are a reﬂection of skyrocketing wholesale costs. To ﬁnd out the basics, let’s take a look at the components of our most popular blend. Merry Mix is a tasty combination of millet, wheat, corn, and sunﬂower seeds, guaranteed to please a wide range of discriminating palates. This April, commodity prices of wheat doubled, while corn prices had tripled over the previous year. Shortages of wheat are now being referred to as the “Worldwide Wheat Crisis” by national media. The extreme price jumps are being blamed primarily on commodity market speculators rather than farmers. Rising prices are also linked to increased demand
for use of basic food stocks as fuel by our growing bio-fuel industry. This has especially increased demand on corn supplies, which promotes the continuing conversion of diversiﬁed farmland to corn production. Thus the cost and availability of millet may be affected as well. Within the food industry, increased use of sunﬂower oil by major processed-food suppliers switching from trans fats to the use of sunﬂower oil is keeping the price of sunﬂower seeds at an all-time high.
Portland Audubon’s Response
Please send to: Development Ofﬁce, Audubon Society of Portland 5151 NW Cornell Road Portland, OR 97210
We are responding to the continuing wholesale price hikes by lowering our store margins on birdseed. While this unfortunately reduces revenues used for our programs, we are striving to keep seed affordable. We hope that nature lovers will continue to “feed the birds” and support Audubon through purchases of birdseed at the Nature Store. We promise to do our best to keep seed prices reasonable while maintaining the high quality that Nature Store shoppers have come to expect.
continued from page 1
Great Blue Heron Week
Columbia and Willamette Rivers and see new restoration plantings along the Columbia Slough and the edges of Smith & Bybee Wetlands. Think of the changes in the nearly 200 years since the Lewis and Clark Expedition paddled by these two watery conﬂuences! We’ll talk about water quality, plants, and habitat, so bring your binoculars and use them on trees and ships as well as birds. Meet at the last (turnaround) parking lot within Kelley Point Park, N Marine Drive and North Lombard, about one mile northwest of Smith & Bybee Lakes. Contact Susan at 503-823-7268 for more information.
Wednesday, May 28 – Sunday, June 8
Tuesday, June 3rd
Tuesday, June 3rd, 6pm–8pm Working River and Wildlife
Join leaders of npGREENWAY on a walk along the future North Portland Willamette Greenway Trail envisioned by this nonproﬁt grassroots organization. The walk will be along an existing trail, through Willamette Cove, former industrial sites, under cottonwood trees, and along the edge of the working Willamette River toward Swan Island. From the path we will view barges, ocean freighters, ships in dry dock, and ﬁshermen’s small boats. Watch cormorants sunning on industrial piers and hearty Great Blue Herons poking along the shoreline. Bring your binoculars and wear sturdy shoes. Meet at 6543 N Burlington, the City of Portland Water Pollution Control Laboratory. The walk is free, but donations to support npGREENWAY are gladly accepted. Email info@npGreenway.org or call 503-823-4524 to request more information; npGREENWAY is Option #6.
Tuesday, June 3rd, Noon–4pm Explore the 40-mile Loop from South Waterfront to OHSU
Mike Houck leads a kayak trip at Ross Island. © Mike Faha
Thursday, June 5th
Thursday, June 5th, 8am–10am Rock Creek Herons and Norm Thompson Campus
share information related to efforts to restore Johnson Creek and where and why native ﬁsh are found in our urban creeks. Meet at SE 37th and Tenino. Call Daniela at 503-886-9870 for more information and to pre-register.
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 2 for details)
Thursday, June 5th, 6pm–8pm Willamette Restoration Paddle
Saturday, June 7th
Saturday, June 7th, 8am–11am Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge Walk
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 2 for details)
Saturday, June 7th, Noon–3pm Watch Herons Nesting at South Waterfront
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 2 for details)
Wednesday, June 4th
Wednesday, June 4th, 5pm–8pm Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge Walk
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 2 for details)
Wednesday, June 4th, Noon–1pm Lunch with the Birds at Jackson Bottom
Join Willamette Riverkeeper for an evening paddle focused on efforts under way to restore riverside habitat along the Willamette River in Portland, including Ross Island and the Eastbank. Bring your own boat or reserve a free canoe and gear. Previous paddling experience and registration are required. Please contact Amy at 503-223-6418 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Meet at the Portland Boathouse, 1515 SE Water Ave.
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 3 for details)
Saturday, June 7th, 8:30am–4pm Legacy Lands III: Waterfalls and Wilderness, Lewis River Greenway & Cascade Forestlands
Friday, June 6th
Jackson Bottom staff will provide spotting scopes, binoculars, ﬁeld guides, and naturalists to help you identify the Great Blue Herons and other waterfowl and birds that show up at Jackson Bottom. Meet at the north viewing shelter, next to the Clean Water Services treatment plant, on Highway 219 south of Hillsboro. The site is wheelchair accessible. Contact Sarah Pinnock at 503-681-6278 for more information.
Wednesday, June 4th, 6pm–8:30pm Two Rivers and a Slough Hike
Friday, June 6th, 7am–9am Early Birding Bike Ride along the Columbia Slough
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 2 for details)
Friday, June 6th, 4pm–5:30pm Explore Tideman-Johnson Park
Join Susan Barthel, Columbia Slough watershed program coordinator for Bureau of Environmental Services, for a hike along three trails at the northwest side of the 40-Mile Loop. We’ll walk through cottonwood forests next to the
Bring your kids and cameras to Johnson Creek, and join Daniela Cargill and Chad Smith of City of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services and Matt Koozer of Johnson Creek Watershed Council for an outing geared toward kids and their parents. Leaders will share information about how to make your trips to natural areas safe and enjoyable, plus fun ﬁsh facts and simple identiﬁcation tips for Paciﬁc Northwest plants found in our parks. For parents, leaders will
By far the largest protected greenway in Clark County, WA is along the East Fork Lewis River, originating near I-5 and continuing nearly halfway to Mt. Adams. We’ll visit the broad ﬂoodplain and bucolic agricultural lands of the lower river, and continue up past the cascading waterfalls at Lucia, Moulton, and Sunset Falls. We’ll penetrate the great forests of the Cascade foothills, and learn about imminent threats that could riddle the forestland with roads and houses. And you’ll learn about innovative new strategies we’re using to save the forests! Meet at Columbia Land Trust, 1351 Ofﬁcer’s Row, Vancouver, WA. Pre-registration is required; contact Tammy at email@example.com or 360-213-1201.
Sunday, June 8th, 8am–11am Ross Island and Holgate Channel Regatta with Friends of Ross Island
Sunday, June 8th
(see Connecting Green trip description on page 3 for details)
Audubon Society of Portland
Inspiring people to love and protect nature since 1902
Audubon Society of Portland promotes the enjoyment, understanding, and protection of native birds and other wildlife and their habitats. We focus on our local community and the Pacific Northwest.
President............................................................................ Peter Paquet Vice President ...................................................................Pat Campbell Secretary ............................................................Adrienne Wolf-Lockett Treasurer..................................................................................Ken Ivey Past President ......................................................................Linda Craig
Through their business practices and ﬁnancial contributions, the following business members help Audubon Society of Portland fulﬁll its mission. If you would like to become a business member, please contact our Development Department at 971-222-6117.
Business Friends Aurora Landscape Bob’s Red Mill Carton Service, Inc. Duggan, Schlotfeldt and Welch PLLC HDR Engineering Kennedy /Jenks Consultants, Inc. McGee Financial Strategies, Inc. Paloma Clothing Pastini Pastaria ShoreBank Paciﬁc Vernier Software & Technology Washman LLC Winter’s Hill Vineyard
Nancy Jane Cushing John Fitchen Martha Gannett Kristina Gifford Wink Gross John Hammerstad Barb Hill Terry Kem Karen O’Connor Kruse Claire Puchy Ron Spencer
Business Benefactor Northwest Natural Business Guarantors Backyard Bird Shop Portland General Electric Business Partners Columbia Sportswear David Evans & Associates Forest Park Federal Credit Union Nike Business Supporters Enterprise Rent-A-Car Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Portland Audubon Nature Store The Standard
ADMINISTRATION OFFICES 5151 NW Cornell Rd • Portland, OR 97210 503-292-6855 • Fax: 503-292-1021 9am to 5pm, Mon. - Fri. SANCTUARIES Dawn to dusk every day NATURE STORE 503-292-9453 10am to 6pm, Mon. - Sat. • 10am to 5pm on Sunday INTERPRETIVE CENTER & LIBRARY Same hours as store WILDLIFE CARE CENTER 503-292-0304 9am to 5pm every day RARE BIRD ALERT 503-292-6855 • www.audubonportland.org
Board Member Emeritus - Dave Marshall
Conservation .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lynn Herring Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Terry Kem Executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peter Paquet Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ken Ivey Membership & Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nancy Jane Cushing Sanctuaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ann Littlewood
Executive Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meryl Redisch Ofﬁce Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tammi Miller Development Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ann Takamoto Birdathon Coordinator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gary Slone Membership Development Assistant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Catherine Halpin Database and Donor Relations Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emily Dietrich Bookkeeper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pamela Aldrich Education Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Steve Robertson Adult Education Coordinator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Steve Engel Camp Director/Onsite Programs Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . Sarah Swanson Environmental Educator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ian Abraham Environmental Educator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Michael Kin Urban Naturalist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mike Houck Conservation Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bob Sallinger Urban Conservationist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jim Labbe Urban Wildlife Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Karen Munday Volunteer Coordinator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deanna Sawtelle Wildlife Care Center Operations Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deb Sheaffer Wildlife Care Center Assistant Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Molly McAllister Nature Store Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nancy Mattson Nature Store Assistant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Marilyn O’Grady Nature Store Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sally Loomis Sanctuaries Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tom Costello Sanctuaries Assistant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Greg Kurtz
Everything for the Wild Bird Enthusiast
Seven locations in Portland and Vancouver 503-635-2044 www.backyardbirdshop.com
Visit the Audubon Society of Portland
Shady Trails Birding Optics Nature Books Toys and Gifts Hiking Guides
5151 NW Cornell Rd, Portland OR 503-292-9453 www.audubonportland.org Minutes from downtown in Forest Park