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WIDE WIDTH TENSILE STRENGTH

SCOPE

In this method tensile strength of geotextile is assessed using wide width strip
specimen.

TEST METHOD

A 200 wide width specimen is gripped across the entire width in the clamp of a
constant rate of extension type tensile testing machine at a specified rate of
extension

APPARATUS

Tensile Testing Machine - A constant rate of extension (CRE) type of testing,


machine with a facility to record the force-elongation curve is required.

Clamps - The clamps in the machine shall be sufficiently wide to grip the entire
width of the sample aid with appropriate clamping power to prevent slipping or
crushing (damage).

The jaw faces must be wider than the width of the specimen i.e 200 mm and should
have a minimum of 50 mm length in the direction Of tension.

The clamps can be of mechanical or hydraulic grip. At least one clamp should be
supported by a free swivel or universal Joint, which allows the clamp to rotate in the
plane of the fabric.

PROCEDURE (AS PER ASTIM)

1. The load range of the setup and the load cell is selected such that failure occurs
in between 10 % to 090% of full scale.

2. The machine is set to a strain rate of 10 3 /min.

3 The distance between the clamps is adjusted at 100 3 mm,

4 The specimen is inserted in the clamps centrally.

5 It should be ensured that the specimen length in the machine direction and cross-
machine direction tests, respectively , is parallel to the direction of
application of force
6 The tensile testing machine is switched on and the test is continued running to
rupture.

CALCULATIONS

Tensile strength- calculate the tensile strength of individual specimen: that in the
maximum force per unit width to cause a specimen to rupture as read directlty from
the testing instrument expressed in N/m of width, using equation

t = Ft / Ws

Where,

At = tensile strength,K N/m

Ft = breaking force , N

Ws = specified specimen width, m

OBSERVATION:

WOVEN GEOTEXTILE

Width of sample = 200mm = 0.2m

Specimen no. Breaking force (N) Tensile strength (KN/m)


1 11040 55.20
2 11010 55.05
3 10960 54.80
55.01
Average

NON WOVEN GEOTEXTILE

Width of sample = 200mm = 0.2m

Specimen no. Breaking force (N) Tensile strength (KN/m)


1 4004 20.02
2 4022 20.01
3 3980 19.90
19.98
Average

Tensile strength of woven geotextile = 55.01 KN/m

Tensile strength of non woven geotextile = 19.98KN/m


Cumulati
Sieve Soil
Percent ve Percent
size retaine
retained percent finer
d
retained
(%) (%)
(mm) (g)
PROPERT (%) IES OF
STANDARD 4.75 mm 0 0 0 100
SAND
2.8 mm 0 0 0 100
2 mm 2 1 1 99
GRAIN 1 mm 45 22.5 23.5 67.5 SIZE
600
69 34.5 58 42
micron
425
26 13 71 29
micron
300
12 6 77 23
micron
150
26 13 90 10
micron
75
20 10 100 0
micron
Pan 0 0 100 0
DISTRIBUTION
Initial mass of soil sample taken for analysis (gm) =200gm