# APPENDIX 10 — MANDATORY

CAPACITY CONVERSIONS FOR SAFETY VALVES

10-100 REQUIREMENTS FOR CAPACITY of the ratio of specific heats kp cp /cv (see Fig.
CONVERSIONS 10-100.1)
Kp coefficient of discharge (see AR-523)
(a) The capacity of a safety or safety relief valve
Ap actual discharge area of the safety valve, sq in.
in terms of a gas or vapor other than the medium for
(mm2)
which the valve was officially rated shall be determined
Pp (set pressure × 1.10) plus atmospheric pressure,
by application of the following formulas:1
psia (kPa)
For steam: Mp molecular weight
Tp absolute temperature at inlet (°F + 460)
Ws p 51.5 KAP
These formulas shall also be used when the required
flow of any gas or vapor is known and it is necessary
For air: to compute the rated capacity of steam or air.
(b) Molecular weights of some of the common gases

M and vapors are given in Table 10-100.1.
Wa p CKAP
(c) For hydrocarbon vapors, where the actual value
of k is not known, the conservative value k p 1.001
where has been commonly used and the formula becomes:
Cp 356
Mp 28.97
Tp 520 when Wa is the rated capacity

M
W p 315 KAP
For any gas or vapor:

M
W p CKAP
(d) When desired, as in the case of light hydrocar-
bons, the compressibility factor Z may be included in
where the formulas for gases and vapors as follows:
Ws p rated capacity, lb /hr (kg/hr) of steam
Wap rated capacity, converted to lb /hr (kg/hr) of air

at 60°F (15.5°C), inlet temperature M
W p CKAP
Wp flow of any gas or vapor, lb /hr (kg/hr)
Cp constant for gas or vapor which is a function

1
Knowing the official rating capacity of a safety valve which is Example 1
stamped on the valve, it is possible to determine the overall value
of KA in either of the following formulas in cases where the value
of these individual terms is now known: GIVEN: A safety valve bears a certified capacity rating
Official Rating in Steam Official Rating in Air of 3020 lb /hr of steam for a pressure setting of 200 psi.

Ws Wa T
KA p KA p
51.5P CP
This value for KA is then substituted in the above formulas to
determine the capacity of the safety valve in terms of the new gas PROBLEM: What is the relieving capacity of that valve
or vapor. in terms of air at 100°F for the same pressure setting?

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