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PIG TRAPS-LAUNCHER-RECEIVER

Pipeline Inspection Gauges or Pigs are tools used in the pipeline industry to
perform pipeline internal cleaning, inspection, coating or separating batches
of different fluids. Pigs are inserted into pipeline and moved through it, by
the pressure of the product flow in the pipeline itself.

The term Pigging refers to the use Pigs in the pipeline to perform
maintenance operation. Pig Launchers and Receivers are used to facilitate the
pigging of the pipeline.

The Pig Traps are designed for the use of


mechanical and intelligent Pig and/or cleansing
or impulse spheres.
PIG TRAPS LAUNCHER-RECEIVER
BULLETIN CONTENTS

PAG
1 PIG TRAP DESIGN 1
2 PIG TRAP COMPONENTS 2
3 PIG TRAP CONSIDERATIONS 2
3.1 Pipeline Design Characteristics 2
3.2 Fluid 2
3.3 Process Data 2
4 OPERATION SEQUENCE 3
4.1 For Launcher 3
4.2 For Receivers 4
5 PIG TRAP DIMMENSIONAL DATA 5
The Pig Launcher is located upstream end of the 5.1 Pig Trap Connection Size 5
pipeline and it is used to launch the pig into the 5.2 Pig Trap Launcher
Dimensional Data 5
pipeline, then a Pig Receiver is located 5.3 Pig Trap Receiver
downstream end of the pipeline to receive and Dimensional Data 6
remove the pig from the pipeline. 6 HOW TO SPECIFY PIG TRAP 7

1 PIG TRAP DESIGN


The Pig Trap design will depend on the field
conditions; location; pipeline design codes, material, diameter, length; as
well as fluid conditions and the specific pigging system requirements.

All Pig Trap Launchers and Receivers have quick opening-closures, which
guarantee fast opening and closing operation time even in wide diameters,
allowing to be operated by one person without using special tools.

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Controval has the capability to custom design pig launcher/receiver to work
with most fluid conditions and field requirements.

2 PIG TRAP COMPONENTS


The pig traps main components are:

Barrel Closure (1)


Local drain (2)
Gas vent (3)
Pressure relief (4)
Kicker line (5)
Pressure gauge connection (6)
Pig launcher-Receiver Balancing Line (7)
Pig-sig (8)
Pig launcher-Receiver discharge (9)

3 PIG TRAP CONSIDERATIONS


The design of a Pig Launcher / Receiver unit must consider the specific
application to handle. To perform a suitable selection and arrangement of the
devices involved it is required to identify the following parameters:

3.1 Pipeline Design Characteristics:


Design codes, rating, diameter, material of construction, length
3.2 Fluid:
Fluid name, flow rate, properties
3.3 Process Data:
Pressure and Temperature ranges of the fluid.

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4 OPERATION SEQUENCE
4.1 For Launchers

Initial condition:
The trap is pressurized and completely loaded of gas. Mainline valve A,
bypass valve B and kicker valve C are open. Vent valve D is closed.

SCHEMATIC VIEW - LAUNCHING EXPLANATION

I. Close mainline trap valve A and kicker valve C.


II. Open vent valve D to vent the launch trap to atmospheric pressure.
III. When the trap is completely vented (zero manometric) with vent valve D still
opened, open the closure door and insert the PIG tool, adjusting itself into
reduction (R) previous to A valve with the first cup of the tool.
IV. Close and secure the closure door. Purge the air from the trap through vent valve
D by slowly opening kicker valve C. When the purge is done, close vent valve D
to allow pressure equalization between trap and pipeline, then close kicker valve
C.
V. Open mainline valve A, then kicker valve C. The PIG tool is ready to be
launched.
VI. Close partially bypass valve B. This will increase the gas flowrate through kicker
valve C and behind the PIG tool. Continue closing B valve until the tool goes
out of the trap inserting itself into the pipe current indicated by the "PIG-SIG
passage indicator.
VII. When the PIG tool is launched from the trap and comes into the mainline, open
bypass valve B completely.

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4.2 For Receivers

Initial condition:
The trap is empty at atmospheric pressure. Bypass valve B, vent valve D and
drain valve E are open; Mainline valve A and return valve C are closed. The
closure door is closed and secured.

SCHEMATIC VIEW - RECEIVING EXPLANATION

I. Drain the trap, close drain valve E and open slowly return valve C.
II. Once it is drained, start equalizing the pressure in the trap closing vent valve D
with the kicker valve C opened.
III. With return valve C still opened, open mainline valve A. The trap is now ready to
receive the PIG tool.
IV. When the PIG tool arrives, this will stop between mainline valve A and the
entrance tee piece (R) of the trap.
V. Close partially bypass valve B. This will force the PIG tool to introduce itself into
the trap increasing the gas flow through return valve C.
VI. After the PIG tool is in the trap, shown by the "PIG-SIG passage indicator,
open bypass valve B and close A and C valves.
VII. Open vent valve D and drain valve E to vent the trap to atmospheric pressure.
VIII. After the trap is vented and drained with D and E valves opened, open the
closure door and remove the PIG tool.
IX. Close and secure the closure door.

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5 PIG TRAP DIMENSIONAL DATA
5.1 Pig Trap Connections Size
NOZZLES
P IP E D IA M E T E R ( in)
IT E M S E R V IC E D E S C R IP T IO N
6 8 10 12 16 20 26 30 36
1 KICKER LINE WELDOLET, COUP LING & FLA NGE 4 4 6 6 6 6 8 8 8
2 LOCA L DRA IN WELDOLET, COUP LING & FLA NGE 2" 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 P RESSURE GA UGE CONNECTION THREA DOLET 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4
4 GA S VENT WELDOLET, COUP LING & FLA NGE 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5 P RESSURE RELIEF THREA DOLET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
6 P IG LA UNCHER B ODY FLA NGE 6 8 10 12 16 20 26 30 36
7 B A RREL CLOSURE B A RREL QUICK A CTION CLOSURE 8 10 12 16 20 24 30 34 42
8 P IG-SIG (OP TIONA L) COUP LING WELD TO P IP E 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
9 P IG LA UNCHER B ODY SWITCH COUP LING WELD TO P IP E 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
10 LIQUID DISCHA RGE WELDOLET, 90 ELB OW, COUP LING & FLA NGE 4 4 6 6 6 8 8 10 10"
11 LOCA L DRA IN WELDOLET, COUP LING & FLA NGE 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3

5.2 Pig Trap Launcher Dimensional Data

SECTION A-A

DIMENSIONS (mm)
P ipe D ia . B a rre l D ia . C o nt ro v a l LA UN C H E R
( in) ( in) P re f ix WT . ( Kg) A' B' C' D' E' F' G' H' J' K' L' M' N' O'
6 8 CP L-6 319 3880 2780 152 820 124 380 730 380 1800 300 600 220 290 290
8 10 CP L-8 598 5520 4380 178 820 140 410 780 380 3400 300 600 220 320 314
10 12 CP L-10 851 5730 4550 203 820 159 520 980 380 3570 300 600 220 340 440
12 16 CP L-12 1053 5830 4380 330 960 162 530 1100 380 3400 300 670 290 360 450
16 20 CP L-16 1942 6220 4570 508 960 184 610 1300 380 3590 300 670 290 430 530
20 24 CP L-20 2600 6100 4430 508 960 197 660 1320 380 3450 300 670 290 480 580
26 30 CP L-26 3896 6410 4370 610 1200 229 810 1500 380 3390 300 790 410 560 660
30 34 CP L-30 5576 7320 5250 610 1200 254 860 1500 420 3910 460 790 410 610 710
36 42 CP L-36 9146 7900 5761 610 1240 289 960 1500 500 4340 460 830 410 710 810

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5.3 Pig Trap Receiver Dimensional Data

SECTION B-B
DIMENSIONS (mm)
P ipe D ia . B a rre l D ia . C o nt ro v a l R E C E IV E R
( in) ( in) P re f ix WT . ( Kg) A B = D C E F G H I J K L M N O P
6 8 CP R-6 388 5100 2410 152 124 150 1200 600 900 610 313 290 290 380 450 300
8 10 CP R-8 800 8340 4010 178 140 150 2800 1000 2100 610 340 320 320 380 450 300
10 12 CP R-10 1170 8720 4180 203 159 230 2800 1050 2220 610 451 440 340 520 540 300
12 16 CP R-12 1433 8560 4010 330 162 230 2650 1000 2100 610 492 450 360 520 540 300
16 20 CP R-16 2477 9050 4180 508 184 230 2800 1050 2230 610 543 530 430 520 540 300
20 24 CP R-20 3410 8830 4060 508 197 300 2540 1020 2130 610 680 580 480 670 610 300
26 30 CP R-26 4882 8840 4000 610 229 300 2480 1000 1900 610 756 660 560 670 610 490
30 34 CP R-30 7292 10200 4670 610 254 320 3080 1170 2400 610 891 710 610 820 650 490
36 42 CP R-36 11960 11100 5100 610 289 380 3280 1280 2730 610 992 810 710 820 790 490

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6 HOW TO SPECIFY PIG TRAP
CONTROVAL PRODUCT
CP PIG TRAP
PIG TRAP TYPE
L Launcher
R Receiver
SIZE
06 Pipe Diameter 6 in
08 Pipe Diameter 8 in
10 Pipe Diameter 10 in
12 Pipe Diameter 12 in
16 Pipe Diameter 16 in
20 Pipe Diameter 20 in
26 Pipe Diameter 26 in
30 Pipe Diameter 30 in
36 Pipe Diameter 36 in
ANSI RATING
15 ANSI 150
30 ANSI 300
60 ANSI 600
MATERIAL
SS Stainless Steel
SA Special Alloy
SUPPORT TYPE
SP1 Skid
SP2 Saddles
OPTIONAL FEATURES
CD Cover Davit
II Instrumentation Included
WS ASME & NB Stamp
OC Other Construction Codes
LL Lifting Lugs
CT Prover Required

CP - R 12 60 SS 1 II-WS-SP2-LL