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# U.S.N.

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## BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore-560019

(Autonomous Institute, Affiliated to VTU, Belgaum)
MAY/JUNE 2013 Semester End Make Up Examinations

## Course: SOLAR ENERGY Duration: 3 hours

Course Code: 12ME6DESOE Max Marks: 100
Date:05.07.20I3

Instructions: (i) Answer any five full questions choosing at least one from each unit
(ii) Use of thermal data handbooks permitted

UNITt
a) What is the need for developing alternate fuels? Discuss solar energy as an option I0
b) Discuss the availability of solar energy in India with the help ofMani and Chacko 5+5
maps
UNIT2
2 a) Define the following with relevant sketches. IO
(i) Latitude (ii) Declination (iii) Hour angle (iv) Zenith angle
(v) Local apparent time
b) What is the Zenith angle and azimuth angle of the sun on July 4, at 4.30 pm IST at a I0
location latitude 38.5 and longigtude 77 given error E=-4.4 min.
OR
3 a) With a neat sketch explain the principle of working of a sunshine recorder. 08
b) Explain the following : I2
(i) Solar Constant (ii) Beam and diffuse radiation
(iii) Solar radiation data for India
UNIT3
4 a) Define the following with reference to concentrating collectors i) Aperture, ii) Area 08
Concentration ratio, iii) Intercept factor, and iv) Acceptance Angle
b) With a neat sketch explain a point focusing collector. 08
c) Distinguish between Flat plate and concentrating type of collectors with their 04
sketches
UNIT4
5 a) List the alternatives to the conventional collectors 04
b) Calculate 'tr, 'ta and 't for the following cover system; 06
Material : glass
Number of covers, M = 2
Thickness of each covers, Oc = 4mm
Refractive index of glass relative to air, 'n 2/n 1' = 1.52
Extinction coefficient of glass, K = 15m- 1
Angle of incidence, 81 = 15
c) Write a comment on transmissivity-absorptivity product with the help of a sketch 04
d) Indicate collector losses using thermal resistance network and state equations for 06
overall losses, top, bottom and side loss coefficients
OR
6 a) What are the effects of various parameters like selective surface, number of covers, 07
spacing, collector tilt, fluid inlet temperature, incident solar flux, dust on covers in
the performance of liquid flat plate collector
b) Give relation to absorber plate energy balance, flux incident on top cover of 04
collector, flux absorbed in absorber plate, instantaneous collector efficiency

c) Define concentrating collector, aperture, area concentration ratio, intercept factor & 05
acceptance angle
d) Discuss methods of concentrating collector classification 04
UNITS
7 a) With a neat sketch, explain the working principle of solar absorption refrigeration 10
system
b) With a neat sketch , describe the constructional features of single crystal silicon cell 10

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