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Persepolis - Film study

1978. Marjane Satrapi est une petite fille de huit ans, curieuse et dynamique qui
vit avec sa famille Thran en Iran. Elle pense beaucoup lavenir et rve de
devenir prophte. Elle aime la musique, les baskets Adidas et la politique. Mais la
rvolution de 1979 va tout bouleverser. Les dirigeants de la Rpublique islamique
instaurent des lois afin de contrler le des gens. Marjane critique ce nouveau
gouvernement quelle dteste. Elle a des problmes lcole et lorsque la guerre
avec lIrak clate, ses parents dcident de lenvoyer tudier en Autriche.
Vienne, elle dcouvre la libert, lamour et la difficult de lexil face sa
diffrence. Elle retourne finalement en Iran mais tout est trs diffrent et elle doit
dcider o elle veut vraiment vivre.

Director of Persepolis Marjane Satrapi


Marjane Satrapi (born 22 November 1969) is an Iranian-born French graphic
novelist, cartoonist, illustrator, film director, and children's book author.

Biography
Satrapi was born in Rasht, Iran, and grew up in Tehran in a middle-class Iranian
family. Both her parents were politically active and supported Marxist causes
against the monarchy of the last Shah. When the Iranian Revolution took place in
1979, they were dismayed and intimidated by the Muslim fundamentalists who
took power.

During her youth, Marjane was constantly exposed to the growing brutalities of
the various regimes. She witnessed many family friends being persecuted,
arrested, and even murdered. She found a hero in her uncle, Anoosh, who had
been a political prisoner and lived in exile for a time. Young Marjane adored her
uncle and greatly admired him, and he in turn doted on her, treating her as if she
was his own daughter. Tragically, as detailed in Satrapi's autobiography, Anoosh
was arrested again and executed; his body was buried in an unmarked grave in
the prison. Anoosh was only allowed one visitor before his execution, and he
requested Marjane. The loss of her uncle left her deeply upset. As a young teen,
Marjane began to act out, getting into trouble with the police for breaking
modesty codes and buying music banned by the regime.

Her parents grew concerned that the young Marjane, a strong-willed and
rambunctious teenager, would run afoul of the strict new public codes for
women. They arranged for her to study abroad, and in 1983 she arrived in
Vienna, Austria, to attend the Lyce Franais de Vienne. According to her
autobiographical graphic novel, Persepolis, she stayed in Vienna through her
high-school years, staying in friends' homes, but spent two months living on the
streets. After an almost deadly bout of pneumonia, she returned to Iran. She
studied visual communication, eventually obtaining a master's degree from
Islamic Azad University in Tehran.

During this time, Satrapi went to numerous illegal parties hosted by her friends,
where she met a man named Reza, a veteran of the IranIraq War. She married
him at the age of 21, but divorced him a couple years later. Satrapi then moved
to Strasbourg, France.

Satrapi is married to Mattias Ripa, a Swedish national. They live in Paris, France.
Apart from her native language Persian, she speaks French, English, Swedish,
German, and Italian.

Career
Graphic novels
Satrapi's career began in earnest when she met David Beauchard, a French
comics artist who became her mentor and teacher. Satrapi became famous
worldwide because of her critically acclaimed autobiographical graphic novels,
originally published in French in four parts in 20002003 and in English
translation in two parts in 2003 and 2004, respectively, as Persepolis and
Persepolis 2, which describe her childhood in Iran and her adolescence in Europe.
Persepolis won the Angoulme Coup de Coeur Award at the Angoulme
International Comics Festival. Her later publication, Embroideries (Broderies),
was also nominated for the Angoulme Album of the Year award in 2003, an
award that was won by her novel Chicken with Plums (Poulet aux prunes). She
has also contributed to the Op-Ed section of The New York Times.

Comics Alliance listed Satrapi as one of twelve women cartoonists deserving of


lifetime achievement recognition.

Satrapi prefers the term "comic books" to "graphic novels. "People are so afraid
to say the word 'comic'," she told the Guardian newspaper in 2011. "It makes you
think of a grown man with pimples, a ponytail and a big belly. Change it to
'graphic novel' and that disappears.

Films
Marjane Satrapi at the premiere of Persepolis
Persepolis was adapted into an animated film of the same name. It debuted at
the 2007 Cannes Film Festival in May 2007 and shared a Special Jury Prize with
Silent Light (Luz silenciosa) by Carlos Reygadas. Co-written and co-directed by
Satrapi and director Vincent Paronnaud, the French-language picture stars the
voices of Chiara Mastroianni, Catherine Deneuve, Danielle Darrieux, and Simon
Abkarian. The English version, starring the voices of Gena Rowlands, Sean Penn,
and Iggy Pop, was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature
in January 2008. With this, she became the first woman to be nominated for the
award.

Persepolis was a very successful film both commercially (with over a million
admissions in France alone) as well as critically, winning the Best First Film at the
Csar Awards 2008. As such the film reflects many tendencies of first-time
filmmaking in France (which makes up around 40% of all French cinema each
year), notably in its focus on very intimate rites-of-passage, and quite
ambivalently recounted coming-of-age moments.

Satrapi and Paronnaud continued their successful collaboration with a second


film, a live-action adaptation of Chicken with Plums, released in late 2011. A year
later, in 2012, Satrapi directed and acted in the comedy crime film Gang of the
Jotas, from her own screenplay.

In 2014 Satrapi directed the comedy-horror film The Voices, from a screenplay
from Michael R. Perry.

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