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Topic 1.

6 Cell Division
READ FOR UNDERSTANDING: Read Pages 51 to 58 in your textbook.
Define all the vocabulary words.
Address all the understandings by provide examples/ diagrams/ explanations for
each bullet point
Address the nature of science and essential ideas using your new
Address the Skills by answering the Data-Based Questions page 54, 59

Define the vocabulary words below:

Interphase Protein synthesis tissue repair

G1 spindle embryonic
S microtubules development
G2 Mitotic spindle primary tumours
Mitosis DNA replication secondary tumors
Cytokinesis Mitochondria organ
Prophase Chloropasts tissue
Metaphase chromosomes cancer
Anaphase nuclear membrane supercoiling
Telophase centromeres mutagens
Nuclei chromatid oncogenes
Metabolic reaction asexual cyclins
reproduction mitotic index

Essential idea:

Cell division is essential but must be controlled.

Nature of science:

Serendipity and scientific discoveriesthe discovery of cyclins was accidental. (1.4)


Mitosis is division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daughter nuclei.
Chromosomes condense by supercoiling during mitosis.
Cytokinesis occurs after mitosis and is different in plant and animal cells.
Interphase is a very active phase of the cell cycle with many processes occurring in the
nucleus and cytoplasm.
Cyclins are involved in the control of the cell cycle.
Mutagens, oncogenes and metastasis are involved in the development of primary and
secondary tumours.
Applications and skills:

Evidence from Pasteurs experiments that spontaneous generation of cells and

organisms does not now occur
Application: The correlation between smoking and incidence of cancers.
Skill: Identification of phases of mitosis in cells viewed with a microscope or in a
Skill: Determination of a mitotic index from a micrograph.