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Questionnaire

1. Gender

Male

Female

2. Age

Please specify:

3. Ethnicity

African

East Indian

Amerindian

Portuguese

Chinese

European

Mixed

4. Do you think that there has been an increase in the migration of university graduates?

Yes

No

unsure

5. Do you know any graduate who have migrated?

Yes

No
6. Why do you think the graduates are migrating?

Vacation

Work

Further study

To live

7. What do you think contributes to an increased migration of graduates from the university of
Guyana?

Uncertainty in knowing if they will get a job

High cost of living

Lack of infrastructure and facilities to work in

Political instability

8. Which country do you think most university graduates migrate to?

United states of America

United Kingdom

Canada

Caribbean region

Australia

China

Other .

9. Are you aware of the consequences that can result in an educated individual or potential
professional leaving his/her country?

No
Yes

10. What pull factors do you think encourage university graduates to migrate to the county
selected above?

Availability of jobs

Better living conditions

Better medical care

Enforced Security

Better education

Political freedom

11. Do you think that the county is affected when university graduates migrate?

Yes

No

12. In what ways, do you think the county is mostly affected when university graduates migrate?

Loss of valuable human resources or brain drain

Drop in standards at public facilities/institutions

Can result in a drop in GDP

High increase in fresh imported labour

The employment of lesser qualified persons to fill positions that require higher
qualifications

13. Do you think the government is doing enough to ease the migration of university graduates?

Yes

No
14. Suggest some recommendations that you think would help to reduce the migration of
university graduates

Lack of proper jobs suiting your qualifications

Lack of infrastructure and facilities

Low income wages

A hope for better opportunities

15. Do you think there will be an effect on the country if you leave?

Yes

No

16. Are you aware of the consequences that can result in an educated individual or potential
professional leaving his/her country?
No

Yes

17. What do you think is a negative impact of brain drain?

Loss of valuable human resources

Drop in standards at public facilities/institutions

The employment of less qualified persons to fill a position that requires higher
qualifications

high increase the need of fresh importing labour

Can result in a drop-in GDP

18. Do you think that leaving Guyana will better help the country economically?

Yes
No

19. Do you think that if beneficial measures were put into place that it would better the chance of
reducing brain drain?

Yes

No

20. Please give some recommendations that you think if put into place would reduce qualified
students from leaving the country


............
Literature review

The topic on the increase rate at which Guyanese graduates migrate has been brought up into
focus by many researchers, journalists and the concern populace. Per the recent acknowledgment
of the number of Guyanese university graduates leaving their homeland have bring about cause
to do research into the causes of the migration of these university graduates. According to (The
youth development and empowerment report Guyana (2012) 83% of graduates from the
university of Guyana migrate from Guyana after graduation and 45% below the age of 35 would
prefer to live outside of Guyana. Migration has resulted in a lack of stability qualified or
experienced youth population to take up positions of leadership in all sectors.

Guyana Population Movement and Societal development by Dr. Lomarsh Roopnarine (2013)
stated that there is a myriad of reasons for Guyanese extra-regional migration. The most obvious
emanated from push/pull factors so commonly operative between developing and developed
countries. Political and economic instability, crime and overall deteriorating living conditions
have pushed Guyanese to move while favorable changing immigration laws, job opportunities
and better living conditions have pulled them to better destinations in developed countries.

Toronto star, (March 21st 1984), stated that Desperate Guyanese Flocking to Canada as
Depressed Homeland Nears total Collapse.. look up info

The United Nations World Youth Report, Migration is a common feature of the Caribbean
society and is a significant factor in the development of the Caribbean but Research has proven
the one of the most serious adverse effects of migration is human capital flight better known as
brain drain, which deprives countries of origin of the economic and social contributions of their
best educated and most highly skilled citizens.

Countries such as Guyana have large portions of their population living outside the country and
the region, thereby depriving the country of the talents and skills for further development per (

CAPE Caribbean Studies authored by Jeanette Ottlley, Marolyn Gentles and Veta Dawson
(2013).

CAPE Caribbean Studies authored by Jeanette Ottlley, Marolyn Gentles and Veta Dawson
(2013) stated that Caribbean countries invest in their citizens by developing the education sector
with the help of grants and monetary aids then to later lose them to developed counties stating
that its an economic loss, later resulting into further implications such as capital investment
being lost and devalued ,loss of skilled labour from the region, and the recipient country being
the one to enjoy the Caribbean investment.

Based on a published article in the Guyana Chronicle by a staff reporter (2016) any country that
cannot keep its most skilled workers at home would have great difficulty overcoming structural
underdevelopment. That country runs the risk of reproducing mediocrity, while its young people
would have very few role models to emulate in the professions. Guyana would not be able to
adequately compete regionally and globally. Where would our scientists, engineers, economists,
geologists, teachers and broadcasters with the requisite skills come from?

The negative impact of brain drain is practically evident in the health and educational sectors of
developing countries where the pool of professionals is limited. United Nations World Youth
Report.