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Advanced Optical Fiber Cables for

Long-Haul Networks
Corning Cable and Optical Fiber Portfolio
Long-Haul Networks Access Networks Building Networks
(Indoor/Outdoor)

SMF-28 ULL SMF-28 SMF-28e+ LL SMF-28e+ ClearCurve single- SMF-28


LEAF fiber
fiber Ultra fiber fiber fiber mode fibers Ultra fiber
Loose Tube Loose Tube Loose Tube
DUCT & BURIED
DUCT & BURIED

Ribbon
Ribbon
Tight Buffer
Minicable
Minicable
Figure-8 Ribbon

Figure-8
AERIAL

ADSS Drop
Loose Tube & Ribbon
AERIAL

ADSS Micro-module
Loose Tube & Ribbon
SST & Rugged MDU I/O Drop
DROP

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 2


Fiber & Cable Technology Considerations in Long-Haul Networks
Making the optimum fiber technology choice is critically important to delivering long-haul
network solutions that are cost-effective and meet the most challenging bandwidth needs
Selecting the correct fiber and cable technology combinations helps ensure optimal transmission
performance can be relied upon over the lifetime of network

Advanced
Fiber Technology Cable Type Application Protection Needs Features

Ultra-Low Attenuation Environmental


Stranded loose Tensile strength
SMF-28 ULL Fiber Ease of Cable
G.652 tube cable Aerial deployment Moisture protect Access:
Low Attenuation Crush / Impact - FastAccess
Ribbon cable Duct
SMF-28e+ LL Fiber - RPX
(blown or pulled) Bending
SMF-28 Ultra Fiber Minicable
G.652 Direct Buried Chemical Gel-free
Low Dispersion Abrasion Resistance
LEAF Fiber Rodent/Termite
NZDS G.655
Resistance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 3


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Comparing ITU G.652 Long-Haul Fibers


Performance Corning
Corning Corning Competitor Competitor Competitor
as un-cabled SMF-28e+ LL fiber
SMF-28 ULL fiber SMF-28e+ fiber A B C
fiber SMF-28 Ultra fiber

Cable
< 1260 < 1260 < 1260 < 1260 < 1260 < 1260
Cut-off (nm)

1310 nm 0.31 0.32 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.35


Typical Typical
(dB/km) 0.28 0.32

1550 nm 0.17 0.18 0.20 0.21 0.19 0.21


(dB/km) Typical Typical
0.16X 0.18

1625 nm
0.20 Typical 0.20 Typical 0.23 0.24 0.22 0.23
(dB/km) 0.19 0.20

PMDq
(ps/km)
< 0.04 < 0.04 < 0.06 < 0.06 < 0.08 < 0.06

PMDmax
(ps/km)
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

SMF-28e+ fiber can enable 0.19 dB/km typical cabled loss/attenuation at 1550nm
Performance
as cabled fiber SMF28e+ LL/SMF-28 Ultra fibers can enable 0.18 dB/km typical cabled loss/attenuation at 1550nm
SMF-28 ULL fiber can enable 0.17 dB/km typical cabled loss/attenuation at 1550nm

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 4


Industry-Leading Low-Attenuation and Low-Dispersion Fibers
c c

Corning SMF-28e+ LL fiber


Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber Corning LEAF fiber
Corning SMF-28 Ultra fiber
Ultra-low attenuation G.652 Low Dispersion G.655 fiber
Low attenuation G.652.D

Lowest-attenuation commercially- Lowest-attenuation commercially- Market-leading ITU-T G.655.D-compliant


available terrestrial fiber available G.652.D-compliant fiber fiber
Compliant with ITU-T G.652 Lowest-attenuation commercially-available
G.655.D-compliant fiber
Allow longer distances between amplifiers and regeneration sites Over 35 million kilometers deployed
Enable simpler system and longer reach at a lower cost Reduces dispersion-compensation cost and
Greatly improves Optical Signal to Noise Ratio (OSNR) for high-bit-rate complexity
systems Enables the use of single-stage amplifiers
Provide more margin for cable repair and network maintenance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 5


Single-Mode Fiber Summary by ITU Specification

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 6


Single-Mode Fiber Summary
Corning single-mode products & the standards they meet

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 7


Evolution of the G.652 Standard

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 8


Loss and Dispersion Matter in Long-Haul Networks

Higher capacity demand is driving need for data rates of 100G (all-coherent detection) systems are gaining in
100G and beyond popularity, but 10G systems remain as the predominant
data rate for many networks
At 100G+, system reach is significantly limited by system
loss: 200G systems may be limited to <700km

To extend system reach, extra signal regeneration may be 10G & 40G systems use direct-detection and their system
required at a cost of up to $8M per fiber pair* at 100G reach is therefore limited by dispersion: dispersion-
compensation technology must be used.
Low and ultra-low-loss fibers reduce system loss and
extend system reach; and can yield large system savings
by eliminating the need for extra signal regeneration Low-dispersion fibers reduce dispersion compensation
*80 x 100G wavelengths per fiber
CapEx & OpEx costs in direct-detection network systems

Ultra-Low-Loss Fiber Low-Dispersion Fiber

Corning SMF-28 ULL Fiber Corning LEAF Fiber

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 9


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Why Loss Matters in Backbone Networks


Worldwide Annual Market Size and Forecast
Source: Infonetics Optical Network Hardware, Aug 2013

Under 10G 10G 40G 100G The OSNR challenge


Port Revenue (US$B)

10 dB

OSNR

10G 100G
Year
Industry trend is towards the adoption of high data rates and networks capable of 100G and beyond
Migration from 10G to 100G requires 10 dB increase in optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) in the
absence of system advances
Advanced signal processing has proven successful in providing higher OSNR but it is not enough

Moving to higher data rates presents an OSNR challenge and ultra-low and low-
attenuation fibers (e.g. Corning SMF-28 ULL & e+ LL fibers) can help

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 10


The Value of Low-Attenuation Fibers in Long-Haul Networks
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Performance Optimization

EQUIPMENT REDUCTION

NETWORK REACH

CAPACITY UTILIZATION
Optical Switching

Network Longevity

CAPACITY ROBUSTNESS
100G, 400G & Beyond

REPAIR RESILIENCE

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 11


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Network Performance Optimization


Span Dual-stage amplifier and Dispersion-
Compensation Module (DCM)
Conventional G.652.D
Corning SMF-28 ULLFiber
fiber

Tx Rx

Conventional
SMF-28 ULLG.652.D
fiber fiber

Tx Rx Rx

SMF-28 ULL
Conventional fiberfiber
G.652.D

Tx Rx Rx

Simpler system and longer reach at a lower cost.


Optical switches with minimum compromise on reach.

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 12


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Network Longevity
Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber
Conventional G.652.D fiber

100G
10G
Tx Rx Rx

100 km
span link
25 dB Power Budget
25

Power Budget (dB)


20
SMF-28 ULL fiber

Standard Cable
Conventional G.652.D fiber
15

Low-loss Cable
0.21 dB/km

0.18 dB/km
10 Connectors

1.75 dB margin available for repairs in standard cable 5 Splices


3 dB extra margin available for repairs in low-loss fiber
cable = 15 extra repairs Conventional SMF-28 ULL
G.652.D fiber fiber

Higher data rates with minimum compromise on reach.


A fiber with lower attenuation enables greater repair resilience
Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 13
c

Comparing ITU G.652 Long-Haul Fibers

Performance as Corning
Competitor A Competitor B Competitor C
un-cabled fiber SMF-28 ULL fiber

Cable
< 1260 < 1260 < 1260 < 1260
Cut-off (nm)

1310 nm 0.31 0.34 0.33 0.35


Typical
(dB/km) 0.28

1550 nm 0.17 0.21 0.19 0.21


(dB/km) Typical
0.16

1625 nm
0.20 Typical 0.24 0.22 0.23
(dB/km) 0.19

PMDq
(ps/km)
< 0.04 < 0.06 < 0.08 < 0.06

PMDmax
(ps/km)
0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Performance
as cabled fiber SMF-28 ULL fiber can enable 0.17 dB/km typical cabled loss/attenuation at 1550 nm

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 14


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Equipment Reduction with Corning SMF-28 ULL Fiber

Using standard G.652 fiber Source: Google Maps

Six additional amplifiers needed


(per fiber pair)
Three huts needed

Link design using Corning Dubai


SMF-28 ULL fiber

75 km
70 km

145 km
70 km 145 km
Abu
Dhabi 75 km
135 km
SMF-28 ULL fiber Al Ain
70 km
65 km

The ultra-low attenuation of Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber enables


elimination of 3 amplifier stations in this case study of a backbone ring of
UAE network
Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 15
c

Equipment Reduction with Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber


$3M
Equipment savings by using SMF-28 ULL fiber*

Up to $3.8M
$2M
savings!!
SMF-28 ULL fiber cable extra cost (48FC)

Hut - Construction & Equipment cost


$500k per hut x 3 huts

Additional amplifiers $1M


$120k - 6 amplifiers per fiber pair
3 Huts
Net equipment savings

1 pair 2 pairs 3 pairs 24 pairs


SMF-28 ULL fiber

*Excluding Net Present Value (NPV)

The ultra-low attenuation of Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber enables significantly


reduced CapEx and OpEx in this network design realisable from day one

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 16


Collaboration With Cisco
35% reach improvement with Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber at 100G

100 Gb/s DWDM system


75 channel Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM)
SMF-28 ULL fiber
EDFA amplification only
3,000 km un-regenerated, error-free transmission, 24 spans of 125 km each

SMF-28 ULL fiber enables 35% reach improvement compared to


standard single-mode fiber

Cisco is a trademark of Cisco Systems


Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 17
Corning SMF-28 ULL Fiber Enables Longer Spans
Xtera 150 x 100G Transmission System
Core
Amplifier
289 km span length Core
Amplifier
Client Client
Mux

Mux
Interfaces Interfaces
SMF-28 ULL fiber
Tx Forward Raman 55-dB span loss Backward Raman
Rx
Amplification (including 6-dB repair margin) Amplification

Output Spectrum 150-channel

Increased single-span reach achievable at more


conventional channel counts
66-dB* span for 12 x 100G allows 357 km with SMF-28 ULL fiber
Longest spans achieved by including Remote Optically
Pumped Amplifier (ROPA)**
66-dB* span for 70 x 100G allows 357 km with SMF-28 ULL fiber
74-dB* span for 34 x 100G allows 405 km with SMF-28 ULL fiber

* All spans include conventional 6 dB repair margin


** http://www.xtera.com/en-US/Solutions/Terrestrial/Unrepeatered-or-Long-Span-Links.aspx

Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber supports 289 km un-repeatered span for 150 channels at 100G

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 18


Loss and Dispersion Matter in Long-Haul Networks

Higher capacity demand is driving need for data rates of 100G (all-coherent detection) systems are gaining in
100G and beyond popularity, but 10G systems remain as the predominant
data rate for many networks
At 100G+, system reach is significantly limited by system
loss: 200G systems may be limited to <700km
10G & 40G systems use direct-detection and their system
To extend system reach, extra signal regeneration may be
reach is therefore limited by dispersion: dispersion
required at a cost of up to $8M per fiber pair* at 100G
compensation technology must be used.
Low and ultra-low-loss fibers reduce system loss and
extend system reach; can yield large system savings by
eliminating the need for extra signal regeneration Low-dispersion fibers reduce dispersion compensation
*80
CapEx & OpEx costs in direct detection network systems
x 100G wavelengths per fiber

Ultra-Low-Loss Fiber Low-Dispersion Fiber

SMF-28 ULL fiber


gives 30% to 40%
extra reach compared
to standard G.652.D

Corning SMF-28 ULL Fiber Corning LEAF Fiber

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 19


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Why Dispersion Still Matters in Long-Haul Networks


Worldwide Annual Market Size and Forecast
Source: Infonetics Optical Network Hardware, Aug 2013

Under 10G 10G 40G 100G

Port Revenue (US$B)

Year
The industry trend is towards the adoption of higher data rates with 100G systems gaining in popularity
but 10G systems remain as a workhorse
It is necessary to maintain cost efficiency in 10G & 40G systems with a future upgrade path to 100G
Direct detection (or non-coherent detection) systems are less expensive but are dispersion reach limited

Low-dispersion fibers (e.g. Corning LEAF fiber) offer longer reach in direct
detection based systems enabling lower-cost 10G & 40G (and even 100G) systems

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 20


The Value of Low-Dispersion Fibers in Long-Haul Networks
c

Performance Optimization

EQUIPMENT REDUCTION

Cost Improvement

100G LOWER COST SYSTEMS

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 21


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Equipment Reduction

Dual-stage amplifier and Dispersion-


Conventional G.652.D Span
Compensation Module (DCM)
Fiber

Tx Rx

Single-stage amplifier
Corning LEAF Fiber

Tx Rx

DCMs eliminated, enabling the use of simpler, lower-cost single-stage EDFAs

Low-dispersion fibers eliminate DCMs & enable the use of single-stage amplifiers
reducing the equipment needed in the system and lowering CapEx and OpEx costs

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 22


c

Equipment Reduction with Corning LEAF Fiber


$1,4M
Amplifier & DCM savings by using LEAF fiber*
In a 24 fiber count cable
In the previous 560 km link with $1,2M LEAF fiber extra cable cost
seven spans of 80 km, each lit vs. G.652 fiber
fiber saves: Amp & DCM savings Up to $2.2M
$1M
Net equipment savings system
5 DCMS not required $800k savings!!
$50k (total $ for 5 DCMs)
$600k
5 single-stage amplifiers
(instead of dual-stage amplifiers) $400k
$50k (total $ for 5 amplifiers)
$200k
$200k savings per fiber pair
0
1 pair 2 pairs 3 pairs 12 pairs
LEAF fiber
$200k
*Excluding Net Present Value (NPV)

System savings from equipment reduction clearly offset the premium for LEAF fiber

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 23


c

100G Lower Cost Systems

ADVAs 100G Metro/Regional and Short-Reach Long-Haul using ADVA FSP 3000 system
Low-cost non-coherent 100G direct-detection solution over metro and regional distances
Compact and energy-efficient
Low dispersion of Corning LEAF fiber extends reach for direct-detection transmission:

125 km uncompensated reach* 600 km reach demonstrated **


200 km reach with Raman and DCF only at 100 km spans over Corning LEAF fiber with single-stage
the receiver Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) and Dispersion-
Compensating Fiber (DCF) only at the terminals

Low dispersion of Corning LEAF fiber extends reach for 100G direct-detection
transmission in metro/regional & short-reach long-haul networks
* Source: Joint Demonstration with ADVA at OFC 2012
Optical Communications ** Source: ADVA & Corning press release Oct 2012 BBWF 2014 Corning Incorporated 24
c

Comparing ITU G.655 Low-Dispersion Fibers


Corning
Competitor A Competitor B Competitor B
LEAF fiber

Effective Area
Aeff (m2)
72 63 52 72
Dispersion
(ps/nm.km)

1530-1565 nm 2.0-6.0 5.5-10 2.6-6.0 2.0-6.0

1550 nm 0.19 0.22 0.22 0.23


Attenuation
(dB/km)

1625 nm 0.21 0.25 0.24 0.25

1383 nm 0.4 0.7 0.4 1.0

PMDq < 0.04* < 0.04 < 0.04 < 0.04


(ps/km)
PMD

PMDmax < 0.1 < 0.1 < 0.1 < 0.1


*Typical LEAF PMDq < 0.03

With new lower fiber attenuation specs for improved OSNR to allow higher bit rates
and longer system reach, LEAF fiber is the best G.655.D-compliant fiber in the industry

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 25


Industry-Leading Low-Attenuation and Low-Dispersion Fibers
c c

Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber Corning LEAF fiber


Ultra-low-attenuation G.652 low-dispersion G.655 fiber

Lowest-attenuation commercially-available terrestrial Market-leading ITU-T G.655.D-compliant fiber


ITU-T G.652 fiber
Allow longer distances between amplifiers and Lowest-attenuation commercially-available G.655.D-
regeneration sites compliant fiber
Enable simpler system and longer reach at a lower cost Over 35 million kilometers deployed
(30% to 40% extra reach compared to standard G.652.D)
Reduces dispersion-compensation cost and complexity
Greatly improves Optical Signal to Noise Ratio (OSNR) for
Enables the use of single-stage amplifiers
high-bit-rate systems
Provide more margin for cable repair and network
maintenance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 26


Fiber & Cable Technology Considerations in Long-Haul Networks
Making the optimum fiber technology choice is critically important to delivering long-haul
network solutions that are cost-effective and meet the most challenging bandwidth needs
Selecting the correct fiber and cable technology combinations helps ensure optimal transmission
performance can be relied upon over the lifetime of network

Advanced
Fiber Technology Cable Type Application Protection Needs Features

Ultra-Low Attenuation Environmental


Stranded loose Tensile strength
SMF-28 ULL Fiber Ease of Cable
G.652 tube cable Aerial deployment Moisture protect Access:
Low Attenuation Crush / Impact - FastAccess
Ribbon cable Duct
SMF-28e+ LL Fiber - RPX
(blown or pulled) Bending
SMF-28 Ultra Fiber Minicable
G.652 Direct Buried Chemical Gel-free
Low Dispersion Abrasion Resistance
LEAF Fiber Rodent/Termite
NZDS G.655
Resistance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 27


Loose Tube & Ribbon Cables
Different cable designs for different capacity requirements

Stranded Loose Tube Ribbon

The loose-tube cable construction provides stable and The ribbon construction provides fast installation and
highly reliable transmission parameters restoration

Main benefits of Loose Tube cables: Main benefits of Ribbon cables:


Separate access to individual tubes for tightest control Mass fusion splicing: the ability to splice 12 fibers at a
Isolation from fiber stress time is highly valuable for the customer because:
Best splice performance Fast restoration means shorter network downtime
events
Faster initial installation time means lower
contractor costs
High fiber density maximizes fiber count in a duct
Other considerations:
Different numbers of fibers per tube (though Other considerations:
highest fiber density per-tube is always Fiber count of the ribbon:
recommended) 12 fibers per ribbon is the standard
There are exceptions, e.g. 8 fibers per ribbon
Ribbons per tube:
Central tube with ribbon also called SST ribbon
Ribbons can be aligned with a second and third ribbon
in the same tube (would still be spliced in groups of 12)

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 28


Minicables
Small, lightweight cable designs for scalable capacity

Minicable

Miniaturized stranded loose tube cable


Small cable outer diameter enables higher per-
cable/duct fiber density, lower deployment costs
and scalable capacity

Main benefits of minicables:


Optimized for air-blown installations in microduct
systems
Enable pay-as-you-grow approach, permitting
capacity growth as and when required as well as
duct/fiber leasing
SZ-stranded loose tube design enables mid-span
access
Other considerations:
Central-tube design also available for short
installation lengths (lower tensile strength)
Can be deployed in buried or aerial microducts

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 29


Fiber & Cable Technology Considerations in Long-Haul Networks
Making the optimum fiber technology choice is critically important to delivering long-haul
network solutions that are cost-effective and meet the most challenging bandwidth needs
Selecting the correct fiber and cable technology combinations helps ensure optimal transmission
performance can be relied upon over the lifetime of network

Advanced
Fiber Technology Cable Type Application Protection Needs Features

Ultra-Low Attenuation Environmental


Stranded loose Tensile strength
SMF-28 ULL Fiber Ease of Cable
G.652 tube cable Aerial deployment Moisture protect Access:
Low Attenuation Crush / Impact - FastAccess
Ribbon cable Duct
SMF-28e+ LL Fiber - RPX
(blown or pulled) Bending
SMF-28 Ultra Fiber Minicable
G.652 Direct Buried Chemical Gel-free
Low Dispersion Abrasion Resistance
LEAF Fiber Rodent/Termite
NZDS G.655
Resistance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 30


Aerial or Duct/Buried Cables Depending on Application

Duct/Buried Cable Aerial


Deployment Scenarios Deployment Scenarios
Ducts offer a fast, scalable and highly protective deployment For use in regions with no/few restrictions on aerial
solution for high fiber-count cabling when aerial solutions are deployment or where use of existing poles/towers is permitted
either impractical or there are right of way issues (e.g. utility companies who already have right of way for power
Direct buried cables offer an alternative means of cable) Cable Types
deployment in the absence of duct infrastructure
Cable designs are optimized for aerial installation:
Cable Types ADSS Loose Tube (12-288FC): All-dielectric self-supporting
Cable designs are optimized for each deployment method:
Duct: Loose Tube (12-432FC) or Ribbon Cable (12-1728FC) (ADSS) cable design (metal-free) for longer span deployment
Optimized for blowing or pulling into ducts on/near high voltage/power lines
Buried: Loose Tube (12-432FC) or Ribbon Cable (12-864FC) ADSS Ribbon Cable (24-144FC): ADSS ribbon cable design
Feature increased crush/impact protection, as required for (metal-free) for shorter span deployment on/near high
direct burial voltage/power lines
Minicables: for maximum flexibility and scalability
Figure-8 Loose Tube (12-288FC): designed for easy installation
MiniXtend Stranded Loose Tube (12-144FC),
MiniXtend Central Tube (up to 12FC): for more compact on short-span pole and building-mounted infrastructure
and flexible cable
Fiber types (all of them qualified): Fiber types (all of them qualified):
1 SMF-28 ULL fiber
1 SMF-28 ULL fiber
Attenuation
Attenuation

Dispersion
Focus on
Dispersion

SMF-28 e+ LL fiber/

Focus on
Focus on
Focus on

SMF-28 e+ LL fiber/ 2
2 1 LEAF Fiber SMF-28 Ultra fiber 1 LEAF Fiber
SMF-28 Ultra fiber
3 SMF-28 e+ fiber 3 SMF-28 e+ fiber

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 31


Duct/Buried

Standard Offering in Loose Tube Duct Cables


This cable construction is suitable for installation into ducts by blowing/pulling
Loose tube design isolates fibers from mechanical stress during field installation and operating environment
Duct Cables

Standard attributes:
Fiber count: 12 to 432 cable designs available
12 fibers/tube:
12-144 fibers: one layer of tubes
156-288 fibers: two layers
Direct Buried Cables

360-432 fibers: three layers


PE sheath
Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F (+70C)
Dielectric central member
Gel-free tubes and core
Buffer tube, gel-free
Fiber 360-432 fibers gel-filled only
Ripcord Rated tensile strength: 600 lbf / 2700 N
Fiber technology options:

1 SMF-28 ULL fiber


Attenuation

Dispersion
Focus on
Focus on SMF-28e+ LL fiber/
Minicables

2 1 LEAF Fiber
Alternative options available: SMF-28 Ultra fiber
-58F (-50C) to +158F (+70C) operating temperature range 3 SMF-28e+ fiber
Alternative tube and fiber count combinations
Other tensile strength ratings, tube sizes or sheath options

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 32


Duct/Buried

Standard Offering in Ribbon Duct Cables


This cable construction is suitable for installation into ducts by blowing/pulling
Ribbon cable design isolates fibers from mechanical stress during field installation and operating environment
Duct Cables

Standard attributes:
Fiber count: 12 to 1728 cable designs available
12 fibers/ribbon (and up to 36 fibers per ribbon)
Available in central and stranded tube configurations
Direct Buried Cables

Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F (+70C)


PE outer jacket
Water-swellable tape
Dry core

Buffer tube Rated tensile strength: 600 lbf / 2700 N


Dielectric strength members Fiber technology options:
Ripcord
Fiber ribbon
Waterblocking foam tape
1 SMF-28 ULL fiber

Attenuation

Dispersion
Focus on
Focus on
SMF-28e+ LL fiber/
2 1 LEAF Fiber
SMF-28 Ultra fiber
Minicables

Alternative options available: 3 SMF-28e+ fiber


Other tensile strength ratings or sheath options
Reduced cable diameter options for small ducts

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 33


Duct/Buried

Standard Offering in Loose Tube Buried Cables


Direct buried cables feature corrugated steel armouring for increased mechanical and rodent protection
Provides stable and reliable transmission performance for direct buried deployments
Duct Cables

Standard attributes:
A-DQ(ZN)(SR)2Y
Fiber count: 12 to 432 cable designs available
12 fibers/tube:
12-144 fibers: one layer of tubes
PE outer sheath 156-288 fibers: two layers
Direct Buried Cables

360-432 fibers: three layers


Corrugated steel tape armor
Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F (+70C)
Swellable elements
Gel-free tubes and core
Buffer tube, gel-free 360-432 fibers gel-filled only
Dielectric central member Rated tensile strength: 600 lbf / 2700 N
Fiber Fiber technology options:
Ripcord
1 SMF-28 ULL fiber

Attenuation

Dispersion
Focus on
Focus on SMF-28e+ LL fiber/
1 LEAF Fiber
Minicables

2
SMF-28 Ultra fiber
Alternative options available: 3 SMF-28e+ fiber
-58F (-50C) to +158F (+70C) operating temperature range
Alternative tube and fiber count
Other tensile strength ratings, tube sizes or sheath options

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 34


Duct/Buried

Standard Offering in Ribbon Buried Cables


Direct buried cables feature corrugated steel armouring for increased mechanical and rodent protection
Duct Cables

Provide stable and reliable transmission performance for direct buried deployments

Standard attributes:
Fiber count: 12 to 864 cable designs available
12 fibers/ribbon (and up to 36 fibers per ribbon)
Direct Buried Cables

Available in central and stranded tube configurations


PE outer jacket
Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F
Corrugated steel armor
(+70C)
Buffer tube, gel-filled
Ripcord Dry core
Steel strength member Rated tensile strength: 600 lbf / 2700 N
Waterblocking foam tape Fiber technology options:
Fiber ribbon
Water-swellable tape 1 SMF-28 ULL fiber

Attenuation

Dispersion
Focus on
Focus on
SMF-28e+ LL fiber/
2 1 LEAF Fiber
SMF-28 Ultra fiber
Minicables

Alternative options available:


3 SMF-28e+ fiber
Other tensile strength ratings or sheath options

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 35


Duct/Buried

Corning MiniXtend Cable


MiniXtend cables offer 50% reduction in size, with
the same functionality as standard loose tube cables
Duct Cables

Standard Loose Tube Cable, 144F


(2.5 mm buffer tubes)
1. Increased per-duct fiber capacity
Corning MiniXtend Cable, 144F 2. Low-cost overlay pathway (pay-as-
(1.4 mm buffer tubes)
you-grow)
Direct Buried Cables

3. Duct space or dark fiber leasing

4. Fast and cost-efficient cable


installation/maintenance

5. High fiber count aerial deployments


Single cable deployed Minicables deployed in 6. Ease of cable routing
in single duct single/bundled microducts
Minicables

Minicables are less robust than standard loose


tube cables; and so must be deployed in
microducts.
1.25 in. (ID) duct 7 x 12.7/10 mm
microduct bundle

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 36


Duct/Buried
Corning MiniXtend Cable
Where is it installed?

in microducts in
Duct Cables

in microducts in spans
Direct Buried Cables

Direct buried: thicker


microduct wall recommended
(2mm instead of 1mm) for
greater crush protection

Inner microduct diameter:


Minicables

cable/inner tube diameter


Minicables are blown into ratio at 50%-80% to optimize
microducts by high-speed air installation distance
using compact, lightweight
equipment

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 37


Duct/Buried

Corning MiniXtend Cable Types


Standard Offering:
MiniXtend Loose Tube (LT)
Highly compact cable designs designed for blowing
Duct Cables

into microduct systems


Fiber count: 12 to 144 fibers (up to 12 fibers per tube)
Cable diameter: 5.3 mm, 6.3 mm and 8.1 mm
Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F (+70C)
Ripcord
Installation minimum bend radius: 95mm
Max tensile strength:
PE Sheath Up to 72 fibers: 78 lbf / 350 N
96 and 144 fibers: 225 lbf / 1000 N
Direct Buried Cables

Buffer tube, gel-filed


Crush resistance 57 lbf/in (100 N/cm)
Fibers
Dry core
Dielectric central member
Fiber technology options: 3 SMF-28e+ fiber
1 SMF-28 Ultra fiber also:
2 SMF-28e+ LL fiber 4
LEAF fiber
SMF-28 ULL fiber
Standard Offering:
MiniXtend Central Tube (CT)
Ultra compact, highly flexible central tube cable design
Fiber count (FC): 2 -12 fibers
Cable diameter: 2.5 mm
PE Sheath Operating temperature range: -4F (-20C) to +158F (+70C)
Minicables

Installation minimum bend radius: 20mm


Fibers
Rated tensile strength: 18lbf/800N; crush resistance: 225lb/10cm
Buffer tube
Fiber technology options: 3 SMF-28e+ fiber
Dielectric 1 SMF-28 Ultra fiber also:
(Aramid) fiber
2
SMF-28e+ LL fiber 4
LEAF
SMF-28 ULL fiber

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 38


Duct/Buried
Corning MiniXtend Cables
Why Corning Minicable?....Evolved to Lead the Industry

Corning MiniXtend portfolio now delivers even smaller diameter and greater fiber capacity:
Duct Cables

MiniXtend HD with 200 m fiber increases maximum fiber count to 288 and enables 144F cable to
switch to 10/8mm microduct via 21% smaller diameter, enabling 33% further per duct fiber capacity:

Fiber Microduct MiniXtend HD* Microduct


MiniXtend SD 1.7 mm tube
Count 1.4 mm tube size 200 m fiber
size
Weight Weight
Direct Buried Cables

Total FC OD (mm) OD/ID (mm) OD (mm) OD/ID (mm)


(lb/1000 ft) (lb/1000ft)

12-72 5.3 15 10/8 - -

96 6.3 24 10/8 - -
144 8.1 34 12.7/10 6.3 25 10/8
192 - - 7.5 37 12.7/10
288 - - 9.7 56 14/12
Minicables

*24f/tube instead of 12f/tube

MiniXtend cables continuously evolving to provide industry-leading minicable products

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 39


Aerial

ADSS Cable Offers Electrical Isolation and Longer Spans


All-dielectric self-supporting (ADSS) cable design (metal-free) for deployment on/near high voltage power lines
The loose tube design provides stable performance over a wide operating temperature range
ADSS

Standard Offering:
SOLO ADSS Cable Fiber count: 12 to 288 cable designs available
12 fibers/tube
One layer of tubes for up to 144 fibers
Two layers of tubes for >144 to 288 fibers
Ripcord
PE Outer Jacket Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F (+70C)
Figure-8

Dielectric Central Member Gel-free core, gel-filled tubes


Fiber
Track-Resistant Polyethylene (TRPE) jacket available
Buffer tube
Tensile strength varies by design
Dielectric Strength Members
Water-Swellable Tape Fiber technology options:

1 SMF-28 ULL fiber


Attenuation

Dispersion
Focus on
Focus on
Engineering Services can provide sag & tension calculations to help select SMF-28e+ LL fiber/
2 1 LEAF Fiber
the right cable part number. SOLO ADSS cable is designed to meet specific SMF-28 Ultra fiber
application requirements:
Max. span length between poles 3 SMF-28e+ fiber
Initial installation sag
Environmental loading conditions (NESC) - wind and ice Load
Pole attach hardware

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 40


Aerial

ADSS Ribbon Cable


All-dielectric self-supported (ADSS) cable design (metal-free) for deployment on/near high voltage power lines
Cable design provides stable performance over a wide operating temperature range
ADSS

Standard attributes:
RPX Ribbon Dielectric Fiber count: 24 to 144 cable designs available
Cable
24 fibers/ribbon
Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F (+70C)
Figure-8

Dry core
Water-swellable tape Rated tensile strength: 600 lbf / 2700 N
Dielectric strength members Standard fiber offering: Corning SMF-28e+ fiber only
PE outer jacket

Fiber ribbon stack


Custom-designed RPX cable access tool
provides a smooth, lateral cut in PE outer
This product requires special system engineering support: sheath for easy access to ribbon stack
Distance between poles: span length depends on the
environmental and installation conditions
Wind and ice load
Allowed sag
Pole attach hardware
Part Number: RPX2-CAT

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 41


Aerial

Firgure-8 Cable Enables Easy-Installation in Shorter Spans


The figure-8 cable design featuring steel messenger wire is designed for ease of installation on pole and building
infrastructure for short length spans up to 240m (790ft)
ADSS

Standard Offering:
Fiber count: 12 to 288 single-mode fibers
ALTOS Figure-8 Gel-Free Cable
12 fibers/tube
Armored Figure-8 cable also available
PE Jacket
Operating temperature range: -40F (-40C) to +158F (+70C)
Stranded Steel Messenger
Ripcord Rated breaking strength: 6,000 lbf / 26,670 N
Water Swellable Tape Gel-free tubes and core
Dielectric Element
Figure-8

Fiber
Messenger wire: 0.25 diameter (6.6 EHS 7-strand steel wire)
Buffer Tube Fiber technology options:

1 SMF-28 ULL fiber

Attenuation

Dispersion
Focus on
Focus on
SMF-28e+ LL fiber/
2 1 LEAF Fiber
SMF-28 Ultra fiber
Engineering Services can provide sag & tension calculations to help select
the right cable part number. Figure-8 cable is designed to meet specific 3 SMF-28e+ fiber
application requirements:
Max. span length between poles
Initial installation sag
Environmental loading conditions (NESC) - Wind and Ice Load
Pole attach hardware

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 42


Fiber & Cable Technology Considerations in Long-Haul Networks
Making the optimum fiber technology choice is critically important to delivering long-haul
network solutions that are cost-effective and meet the most challenging bandwidth needs
Selecting the correct fiber and cable technology combinations helps ensure optimal transmission
performance can be relied upon over the lifetime of network

Advanced
Fiber Technology Cable Type Application Protection Needs Features

Ultra-Low Attenuation Environmental


Stranded loose Tensile strength
SMF-28 ULL Fiber Ease of Cable
G.652 tube cable Aerial deployment Moisture protect Access:
Low Attenuation Crush / Impact - FastAccess
Ribbon cable Duct
SMF-28e+ LL Fiber - RPX
(blown or pulled) Bending
SMF-28 Ultra Fiber Minicable
G.652 Direct Buried Chemical Gel-free
Low Dispersion Abrasion Resistance
LEAF Fiber Rodent/Termite
NZDS G.655
Resistance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 43


Cable Design Considerations
Loose tube jacket options

Double or triple jacket enable Special cable configurations :


greater protection
MDPE Non-standard Options
DOUBLE JACKET MEDIUM DENSITY POLYETHYLENE ADDITIONAL CONFIGURATIONS
Armor

Standard material 6f/tube


Best combination of critical Custom print
jacket material properties Steel central member
Dielectric for duct applications
Jacket stripes
Copper twisted pair
DOUBLE JACKET, Higher tensile rating
Strength Member

SINGLE ARMOR
PA POLYAMIDE(NYLON) OVERJACKET
Speciality feature in North America
For mechanical protection against Polyamide(Nylon) overjacket protects the cable from certain
crush and impact in buried chemicals
installations Solution for harsh environments
Available with most standard cable designs (not ADSS or Figure-8)
Example of armored cable with
TRIPLE JACKET,
Jacket Options

Polyamide (Nylon) Overjacket


Loose Tube

DOUBLE ARMOR
Polyamide overjacket, 0.7 mm
MDPE outer jacket, 1.3 mm
Corrugated steel tape armor
Buffer tube with fibers
For exceptional crush
and rodent resistance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 44


Cable Design Considerations
Ribbon jacket options

MDPE Non-standard Options


MEDIUM DENSITY POLYETHYLENE ADDITIONAL CONFIGURATIONS
Armor

Standard material Custom print


RIBBON CABLES:
Best combination of critical Jacket stripes
Single jacket only PA jacket
jacket material properties

Special cable configurations :


Strength Member

PA POLYAMIDE(NYLON) OVERJACKET
Speciality feature in North America
Polyamide(Nylon) overjacket protects the cable from certain
chemicals
Solution for harsh environments
Available with most standard cable designs (not ADSS or Figure-8)
Jacket Options

Example of armored cable with


Polyamide (Nylon) Overjacket
Ribbon

Polyamide overjacket, 0.7 mm


MDPE outer jacket, 1.3 mm
Corrugated steel tape armor
Buffer tube with fibers

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 45


Cable Design Considerations

METALIC ARMOR (Loose Tube & Ribbon)


Made of corrugated steel tape armour
Armor

Offers rodent and mechanical protection


Strength Member

STRANDED LOOSE TUBE & RIBBON CENTRAL TUBE RIBBON

Central strength member Longitudinal strength members


(can be metallic or dielectric) (can be metallic or dielectric)
Jacket Options

RB w/ longitudinal
strength members

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 46


Fiber & Cable Technology Considerations in Long-Haul Networks
Making the optimum fiber technology choice is critically important to delivering long-haul
network solutions that are cost-effective and meet the most challenging bandwidth needs
Selecting the correct fiber and cable technology combinations helps ensure optimal transmission
performance can be relied upon over the lifetime of network

Advanced
Fiber Technology Cable Type Application Protection Needs Features

Ultra-Low Attenuation Environmental


Stranded loose Tensile strength
SMF-28 ULL Fiber Ease of Cable
G.652 tube cable Aerial deployment Moisture protect Access:
Low Attenuation Crush / Impact - FastAccess
Ribbon cable Duct
SMF-28e+ LL Fiber - RPX
(blown or pulled) Bending
SMF-28 Ultra Fiber Minicable
G.652 Direct Buried Chemical Gel-free
Low Dispersion Abrasion Resistance
LEAF Fiber Rodent/Termite
NZDS G.655
Resistance

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 47


Cable Design Considerations
Installation speed & accessibility

Ease of Cable Access Gel-Free Cables


FastAccess Technology Gel-free cables are predominantly preferred in
FastAccess Technology is an North America due to the splicing labor efficiency
innovative cable jacket design improvements they offer
that allows the cable end to be
accessed without sharp tools,
by simply peeling the jacket
away
Now being applied to ALTOS Dielectric, gel-free cables and
some drop cable designs (ROC Drop and DualDrop)

Corning RPX Gel-Free Ribbon Cable


Designed with a one-step, easily accessible central cavity
containing a ribbon stack of up to 144 fibers wrapped with a
protective waterblocking tape.
Custom-designed RPX cable access tool provides a smooth, Totally dry tube Optical fibers only
lateral cut in PE outer sheath for easy access to ribbon stack
Enhanced gel-free cables offer the next level of
convenience and performance by eliminating any
extra materials inside the buffer tube

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 48


FastAccess Technology
Innovative jacket provides faster, easier cable access
Subtle locator ridges (180
1 apart) used to locate
FastAccess opening
No ripcord required
FastAccess

No change to cable dimensions, weight


or mechanical robustness
Time to access:
Cable stripping process starts with
commonly used, safe hand tools
Standard ALTOS ALTOS cable
cable w/FastAccess
2
RPX

Stripping of required length done by


simply pulling the cable sheath apart

3
Gel-Free

NO sharp tools 50% FASTER 60% FASTER


Jacket easily removed, ready to final
SAFER cable access end-span access mid-span access*
cable prep process and termination

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 49


RPX Technology Provides Easier Fiber Ribbon Access
Place Cable Access Tool (CAT) on cable with the blade
1
resting on the top and the cable resting on the CATs
FastAccess

Corning RPX Cable Access Tool (CAT)


guide bar

Lift up the tools handle and pull the tool in the


2
RPX

direction shown below:


Custom-designed RPX cable access tool provides a
smooth, lateral cut in PE outer sheath for easy
access (end or mid-span) to ribbon stack

One-step cable access simplifies cable preparation


work and eliminates the need for special tools in
mid-span applications Adjust pressure on handle whilst pulling to achieve a
Gel-Free

3
smooth, continuous cut
Tool is disposable & can perform in excess of 500
uses

Design ensures safe operation for installer

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 50


Gel-Free Cable Technology Enables Labor Cost & Time Savings
With no need to clean gel from fibers before splicing, gel-free cables enable fast and efficient cable end and
mid-span preparation:
FastAccess

Elimination of cleaning products means less waste and lower spend on consumables:
RPX

Gel-filled cable with access tools Gel-free cable with access


and necessary consumables tools and no consumables
Gel-Free

Gel-free cables have been tested beyond industry standards and perform identically to gel-filled cables

Corning is a leader in gel-free technology, with 120M km of gel-free loose tube cable sold worldwide

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 51


Advanced Optical Fiber and Cable for Long-Haul Networks

CORNING

Corning is a world leader in innovative optical fiber and cable technologies that help deliver cost-
effective, high-performance long-haul network solutions
Corning SMF-28 ULL fiber is the worlds lowest-loss ITU G.652-compliant fiber and enables longer
spans and system reach by improving OSNR at higher data rates
Corning LEAF fiber is the most widely-deployed G.655 fiber in the world and its low dispersion
combined with its low attenuation offers low-cost solutions at low and high speeds over metro and
regional distances
The innovative cable jacket design of FastAccess Technology provides easier fiber access for
termination, furcation and fusion splicing while maintaining mechanical robustness and fiber
protection
With 120 million meters of gel-free loose tube cable sold globally since 2004, Corning is a leader in
gel-free technology that saves time savings, reduction of consumables and decreased waste

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 52


Why Corning Optical Communications?

160 years of materials science Dedicated Engineering Services Global network of world-class
and process engineering group with 50+ engineers ready manufacturing facilities
knowledge to provide:
The most widely-deployed
40+ years of telecom industry 24/7 technical support brand of optical fiber in the
expertise world
Field support
Corning scientists invented the first 1.5 billion km deployed worldwide
low-loss optical fiber in 1970 System/network design
Quality architecture ensures
~10% of revenue invested in Experienced system engineers provide most consistent, high-quality
R&D design support for any network products
application
Cornings patent portfolio ranked 1st in Focus on continuous
Industrial Materials on The Patent Product and market knowledge for improvement
Scorecard since 2007 system upgrades/optimization

Problems solved through


innovation and engagement
with our customers

Optical Communications 2014 Corning Incorporated 53


Thank You