You are on page 1of 6

# Pathloss calculation

## Free space path loss calculation (April 1997)

Christoph Petermann 5/21/2017
Pommernweg 11
D24229 Schwedeneck http://home.t-online.de/home/df9cy.petermann

## Signal to Noise Ratio / Sensitivity Limit

Method

Noise Power P = 4 k T B / ( 4 R ) = k T B

## Bandwidth B [Hz] = 1.0E+02 Hz

Boltzmann Konst. [ J/ K]= 1.38E-23 J/K
Temperature [K] = 290.00 K

## Losses prior to LNA 0.20 dB

Losses in Noise Temperature 13.67 K

## Transmit power 60.00 dBm

Seite 1
Pathloss calculation

## equal to 30.00 dBW

equal to 1000.00 Watt

Pl= 287.18 dB

## Range out of Pl=32.45+20log(f)+20log(d)

R= 4206 Mio.km

Seite 2
Pathloss calculation

## Moon distance 386000.00 km

Moon diameter 3400.00 km

reflectivity of Moon surface 7.00 %

Pathloss 277.15 dB

Method

## reflectivity loss : the moons' surface reflects only 7% to the earth

RADAR Equation: the virtual moon represents only a fraction of the total sphere.
therefore an additional loss must be introduced
This is called in general the RADAR EQUATION