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Pathloss calculation

Free space path loss calculation (April 1997)

Christoph Petermann 5/21/2017
Pommernweg 11
D24229 Schwedeneck

The framed fields may be changed only !

Signal to Noise Ratio / Sensitivity Limit


Noise Power P = 4 k T B / ( 4 R ) = k T B

Bandwidth B [Hz] = 1.0E+02 Hz

Boltzmann Konst. [ J/ K]= 1.38E-23 J/K
Temperature [K] = 290.00 K

Noise Power [dBm]@290K -153.98 dBm

My systems Signal to Noise Ratio:

SNR [dB] 5.00 dB

Receiver Noise figure 0.30 dB

Receiver Noise temperature 20.74 K

Losses prior to LNA 0.20 dB

Losses in Noise Temperature 13.67 K

Antenna temperature (Sky) 20.00 K

All system Noise Temperature 40.94 K

Noise Power [dBm]@T_sys -162.48 dBm

Sensitivity [dBm]@T_sys -157.18 dBm

Calculation of maximum possible Free Space Range

Transmit antenna gain 35.00 dBi over isotropic

Receive antenna gain 35.00 dBi

Transmit power 60.00 dBm

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Pathloss calculation

equal to 30.00 dBW

equal to 1000.00 Watt

Receive Sensitivity -157.18 dBm

Frequency 1296.00 MHz

Maximum path loss incl. antenna gains

Pl= 287.18 dB

Range out of Pl=32.45+20log(f)+20log(d)

R= 4206

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Pathloss calculation

EME Pathloss for a given frequency

Frequency 1296.00 MHz

Moon distance 386000.00 km

Moon diameter 3400.00 km

RADAR Equation 53.14 dB

reflectivity of Moon surface 7.00 %

Pathloss 277.15 dB

Expected Signal to noise ratio 10.03 dB


PL=32.45 + 20*log(Moondistance * 2) + 20*log(f)+ Spherical loss + reflectivity loss

reflectivity loss : the moons' surface reflects only 7% to the earth

RADAR Equation: the virtual moon represents only a fraction of the total sphere.
therefore an additional loss must be introduced
This is called in general the RADAR EQUATION

C.Petermann DF9CY April 1997

References: VHF/UHF Manual; ARRL Publications et al.

The calculations are valid for free space only

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Pathloss calculation

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Pathloss calculation

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Pathloss calculation

flectivity loss

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