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Types of Dam

And Examples
Problem Set No. 1

Horizontal Plane Surfaces Pressurized by Liquids

Vertical Plane Surfaces Pressurized by Liquids
Inclined Plane Surfaces Pressurized by Liquids
Curved Plane Surfaces Pressurized by Liquids
Problem Set No. 2

Buoyancy and Floating Bodies

Embankment Dam
1. Angat Dam is a concrete water reservoir embankment hydroelectric dam that supplies
the Manila metropolitan area water. It was a part of the Angat-Ipo-La Mesa water system. The
reservoir supplies about 90 percent of raw water requirements for Metro Manila through the
facilities of the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System and it irrigates about 28,000
hectares of farmland in the provinces of Bulacan and Pampanga.
2. Caliraya Dam is an embankment dam located in the town of Lumban province of Laguna, in
the Sierra Madre Mountain Range of the Philippines. The reservoir created by the dam, Lake
Caliraya, initially supplied one of the oldest hydroelectric plants in the Philippines, and later
became a popular recreational area for numerous water sports and fishing. The dam construction
was started in 1939 and a small hydroelectric plant was operated in 1942
3. The Pomme de Terre Dam is an earth and rockfill embankment, is 7,240 feet long and stands
155 feet above the streambed. The dam's impervious core was made of heavily compacted clay
and is virtually watertight. The outlet works, consisting of the control tower, tunnel and stilling
basin. The control tower is equipped with two hydraulically operated gates which controlled release
of water through the dam and reduces the force of the water flowing downstream.
4. B.F. Sisk Dam is a 300-foot-high zoned compacted earthfill embankment located on the west side of California's
Central Valley approximately 12 miles west of Los Banos, California. The dam is over 3 miles long and impounds
San Luis Reservoir which has a total capacity of over 2 million acre-feet
5. The Mica Dam is a hydroelectric dam spanning the Columbia River 135 kilometres north
of Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada. Completed in 1973 under the terms of the 1964 Columbia
River Treaty, the Mica powerhouse has a generating capacity of 1,805megawatts (MW). The dam is
operated by BC Hydro. The Mica Dam, named after the nearby settlement of Mica Creek and its
associated stream in turn named because of the abundance of mica minerals in the area, is one of
the largest earthfill dams in the world. The reservoir for the dam is Kinbasket Lake, which was
created when the dam was built. Water below the dam flows south directly into Revelstoke Lake,
the reservoir for the Revelstoke Dam. The dam's underground powerhouse was the second largest
in the world at the time of its construction, and was the first installation of sulphur
hexafluoride (SF6) insulated switchgear in North America. It is also the dam farthest up
the Columbia River
6. Oroville Dam is an earthfill embankment dam on the Feather River east of the city
of Oroville, California in the United States. At 770 feet (230 m) high, it is the tallest dam in the
U.S and serves mainly for water supply, hydroelectricity generation and flood control. The dam
impounds Lake Oroville, the second largest man-made lake in the state of California, capable of
storing more than 3.5 millionacre-feet (4.4 km3), and is located in the Sierra Nevada foothills east
of the Sacramento Valley.
Gravity dam
1. Ipo Dam is a gravity concrete water reservoir dam found in the Philippines. The dam is located
about 7.5 kilometres downstream of the Angat Dam in Norzagaray, Bulacan province. It was a part
of the Angat-Ipo-La Mesa water system. Its normal level is 101 m. The Ipo Dam is a gravity
concrete dam located about 7.5 kilometres downstream of the Angat Dam near its confluence with
the Ipo River in Bulacan. It was completed in January 1984 with a maximum storage capacity of 7.5
million cubic metres, an increase of about 2,500 million litres per day (MLD) from the old Ipo Dam,
which used to be located 200 metres upstream of the new dam.
2. Dworshak Dam is a concrete gravity dam in the western United States, on the North Fork
Clearwater River in Clearwater County,Idaho. The dam is located approximately 4 miles (6 km)
northeast of Orofino and impounds the Dworshak Reservoir for flood control
and hydroelectricity generation. With a height of 717 feet (219 m), Dworshak is the third tallest
dam in the United States and the tallest straight-axis concrete dam in the Western
Hemisphere. Construction of the dam by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) began in 1966
and was completed in 1973.
3. Shasta Dam (called Kennett Dam before its construction) is a concrete arch-gravity
dam across the Sacramento River in the northern part of the U.S. state of California, at the north
end of the Sacramento Valley. The dam mainly serves long-term water storage and flood control in
its reservoir, Shasta Lake, and also generates hydroelectric power. At 602 feet (183 m) high, it is
the ninth-tallest dam in the United States and forms the largest reservoir in California.
4. Grand Coulee Dam is a gravity dam on the Columbia River in the U.S.
state of Washington built to produce hydroelectric power and provide irrigation. It was constructed
between 1933 and 1942, originally with two power plants. A third power station was completed in
1974 to increase its energy production. It is the largest electric power-producing facility in the
United States.
5. Fontana Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Little Tennessee
River in Swain and Graham counties, North Carolina, United States. The dam is operated by
the Tennessee Valley Authority, which built the dam in the early 1940s to accommodate the
skyrocketing electricity demands in the Tennessee Valley at the height of World War II. At 480 feet
(150 m) high, Fontana is the tallest dam in the Eastern United States, and at the time of its
construction, it was the fourth tallest dam in the world.
6. Detroit Dam was completed in 1953 by the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers on the North Santiam
River between Linn County and Marion County, Oregon, in the Cascades. The dam created 400-foot
(120 m) deep Detroit Lake, more than 9 miles (14 km) long with 32 miles (51 km) of shoreline. The
dam, dedicated on June 10, 1953, was authorized for the purposes of flood control, power
generation, navigation, and irrigation. Other uses are fishery, water quality, and recreation.
Arch dams
1. Hoover Dam, once known as Boulder Dam, is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the Black
Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada. It was
constructed between 1931 and 1936 during the Great Depression and was dedicated on
September 30, 1935, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Its construction was the result of a
massive effort involving thousands of workers, and cost over one hundred lives. The dam was
controversially named after President Herbert Hoover.
2. Glen Canyon Dam is a concrete arch dam on the Colorado River in northern Arizona in
the United States, near the town of Page. The dam was built to provide hydroelectricity and flow
regulation from the upper Colorado River Basin to the lower. Its reservoir is calledLake Powell, and
is the second largest artificial lake in the country, extending upriver well into Utah. The dam is
named for Glen Canyon, a colorful series of gorges, most of which now lies under the reservoir.
3. New Bullards Bar Dam is a variable radius concrete arch dam in California on the North Yuba
River. Located near the town of Dobbinsin Yuba County, the dam forms the New Bullards Bar
Reservoir, which can hold about 969,600 acreft (1,196,000 dam3) of water. The dam serves for
irrigation, drinking water and hydroelectric power generation.
4. Hungry Horse Dam is an arch dam on the South Fork Flathead River in the Rocky Mountains of
the U.S. state of Montana. It is located in Flathead National Forest, in Flathead County, about 15
miles (24 km) south of the west entrance to Glacier National Park, 9 miles (14 km) southeast
of Columbia Falls, and 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Kalispell. The Hungry Horse project, dam, and
powerplant are operated by the United States Bureau of Reclamation.
5. Ross Dam is a 540-foot (160 m)-high, 1,300-foot (400 m)-long concrete thin-arch dam across
the Skagit River, forming Ross Lake. The dam is in Washington State, while Ross Lake extends 23
miles (37 km) north to British Columbia, Canada. Both dam and reservoir are located in Ross Lake
National Recreation Area, is bordered on both sides by Stephen Mather Wilderness and combined
with Lake Chelan National Recreation Area they make up North Cascades National Park Complex.
6. Morrow Point Dam is a 468-foot-tall (143 m) concrete double-arch dam on the Gunnison
River located in Colorado, the first dam of its type built by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Located
in the upper Black Canyon of the Gunnison, it creates Morrow Point Reservoir, and is within
the National Park Service-operated Curecanti National Recreation Area. The dam is between
the Blue Mesa Dam(upstream) and the Crystal Dam (downstream). Morrow Point Dam and
reservoir are part of the Bureau of Reclamation's Wayne N. Aspinall Unit of the Colorado River
Storage Project, which retains the waters of the Colorado River and its tributaries for agricultural
and municipal use in the American Southwest. [1][2] The dam's primary purpose
is hydroelectric power generation.

Buttress Dam
1. The Bartlett Dam is a concrete multiple-arch buttress dam on the Verde River, located 50 km
northeast of Phoenix, Arizona. The dam creates Bartlett Lake and its primary purpose
is irrigation water supply. It was the first dam constructed on the Verde River and the first of its
type constructed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. It was built between 193639 and named
after Bill Bartlett, a government surveyor.

2. The Roselend Dam is an arch-buttress dam located 5 km (3 mi) east of Beaufort in

the Savoie department of the Rhne-Alpes regionin south-eastern France. It is located just west
and below the Cormet de Roselend mountain pass. The dam was designed by Coyne et Bellier and
construction began in 1955. The reservoir began to fill in 1960, the power station was operational
in 1961 and the dam complete in 1962. It was constructed for the primary purpose
of hydroelectric power generation and supports the 546 MW La Bthie Power Station.

3. Lake Tahoe Dam controls the top six feet of Lake Tahoe. With the surface area of the lake, this creates a
reservoir of 732,000-acre-feet capacity and regulates the lake outflow into the Truckee River. Completed in 1913,
Lake Tahoe Dam is a concrete slab and buttress structure with 17 vertical gates. It is 18 feet high and 109 feet long.
Flows are controlled by 17 gates, each 5 ft by 4 ft

4. Lawers Dam
5. Relatively undamaged Sefid Rud Dam located within one km of the fault. The buttress dam has a height of 106
m, a length of 425 m, and a base width of 100 m. The dam was reportedly designed for a static lateral force
coefficient of 0.25. The reservoir was almost full at the time of the earthquake and experienced very intense ground
motion (0.60g). Horizontal and diagonal cracks occurred at the top of some buttresses, but the dam remained
stable. However, a massive rockfall near the dam caused the collapse of the guard house and the death of the
Fluid Mechanics

Submitted by:
Peter Paul E. Basiloy
Submitted to:
Engr. Lorna R. Poquiz