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Pelton turbines

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Cover picture Machined bucket backside, Workshop, St.Plten, Austria 1 Model test set up for dynamic
2 Akky, Turkey

Harnessing the power of water

3 Pelton nozzle

with engineered reliability

Generating electricity from the power of water represents large

amounts of clean, renewable energy. 71 percent of the earths
surface is covered by water. The worlds hydropower potential
amounts to 20 billion Megawatt hours per year and only
25 percent of this has been developed so far.

Hydropower is not only environmentally Voith is an industry leader in the pro- components in Europe, Asia, North and Engineered reliability Competence and capabilities
friendly, but also cost-effective. Hydro- duction of generators, turbines and the South America we are close to our cus- Is our promise to our customers. Our Consulting, engineering, erection Frequency converters, protection
power plants have the highest operating associated control systems to put the tomers and active in all major hydro- products and services are designed and commissioning systems, switchyards for all voltages,
efficiency of all renewable generation power of water to work. A range of ser- power markets worldwide. specifically for our customers needs. System/plant assessments transformers
systems. They are largely automated, vices, from engineering through manu- Always efficient and economical and, HyService global, fast and effective Power plant automation, control
and their operating costs are relatively facturing and project management to With more than 140 years experience in above all, following our values and for modernization and rehabilitation centers for hydropower plants and
low. Hydroelectric power plants also commissioning, completes our portfolio the field of hydropower and major visions for sustainable hydropower
of existing hydroelectric power plants cascades, including plant manage-
play an important role in water resource as one of the worlds leading hydro- achievements in research and develop- solutions. Complete equipment, installation ment and diagnostic systems
management, flood control, navigation, power product and service provider. ment, Voith is well equipped to continue and services for hydroelectric Shut-off valves
irrigation and in creating recreation ar- delivering excellence in hydropower in power plants Integrated Management System to
eas. As part of our international network the years to come. Francis, Pelton, Kaplan, Bulb/Pit/ safeguard excellence and quality
each Voith facility is equipped with con- S-turbines, pump-turbines, standard
sistent best-in-class processes and and customized products
tools. This network also ensures that we Storage pumps, radial, semi-axial

can meet s pecial customized require- and axial-flow pumps

ments: from individual components to Generators and motor-generators

project planning, through project man- for constant and adjustable speed,
agement and plant maintenance. With excitation systems
branches and production facilities for
electrical and h ydraulic machines and

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Characteristics Pelton runner made of forged disc/welded-on bucket heads, manufacturing steps

and latest technology

From the beginning, the development of Pelton turbine technology

has been synonymous with Voith. Since the turn of the 19th century,
Voith have supplied thousands of Pelton turbines, including large
and powerful machines. These turbines are in service around the
globe in many hydropower plants.

Step 1: forged disc machined Step 2: milled root area Step 3: bucket head welded Step 4: finished mashined runner

The flow simulation of Pelton turbines is Pelton turbines involve a number A broad manufacturing program offers Voith numerical development group has Application range
by far the most complex and difficult of of special flow characteristics which are an economical solution for any require- overcome the major problems of simu-
all hydraulic turbo-machinery simula- extremely difficult to simulate. The jet- ment. Large, custom-built Pelton tur- lating typical free water jet and bucket 2000

tions. to-bucket interaction is fully transient bines for high output ranges are our flow for Pelton turbines. Simulation re- 1000
and depends on the geometry of the speciality, but we also offer a full line of sults and experimental data have shown Pelton turbine

Head (m)
moving buckets. Even more challenging cost-effective standard machines for a remarkable congruence. Today, de-
is the multiphase system of air and wa- small hydropower plants. signers have new insights into complex standard
ter that governs the formation of the jet, bucket and casing flow phenomena Pelton turbine
free jet and the flow through the buck- providing a solid basis for the develop-
ets. In the past, developing a flow simu- ment of new bucket profiles that result
lation that would allow a realistic analy- in improved performance.
sis of these phenomena seemed to be
an impossible task. 0 0.1 1 10 100 1000
1 Manufacturing step 2,
Workshop, St. Plten, Austria Output (MW)

2 Manufacturing step 4,
Workshop, St. Plten, Austria

1 Simulated flow through Pelton runner

2 Actual flow through model

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1 San Giacomo sul Vomano, Italy

2 Sedrun, Switzerland
3 Modernized Pelton model test rig,
4 Gilgel Gibe Powerhouse, Ethiopia

1870 Hydro turbine manufacture began. 1985 Carona, Italy: 2007 Sedrun, Switzerland: 2012 Kops I, Austria:
Three horizontal Pelton turbines were Large rehabilitation project with seven Modernization and uprating of three horizontal twin
1903 First Pelton turbine. replaced by one 48 MW vertical machine runners and 12 nozzles. Pelton turbines to 96 MW at a head of 776 m.
while preserving historical structures.
1924 Walchensee power plant, Germany: 2008 Extensive modernization of Pelton test 2012 Alfalfal II, Chile:
First high-head power plant in the country 1998 San Giacomo sul Vomano, Italy: facility at Corporate Technology Center Two 135.6 MW Pelton turbines at a head
with 18 MW Francis double-spiral turbines One of the most powerful Pelton turbine in Heidenheim, Germany. of 1122.6 m.
and twin 15 MW Pelton turbines. at that time with an output of 282 MW,
a runner diameter of 4.4 m, a jet diameter 2008 Akky II, Turkey: 2012 Las Lajas, Chile:
1960 Naturns, Italy: of 315 mm and a bucket width of 1.1 m. One of the highest head Pelton applications Two 135.2 MW Pelton turbines at a head
Pelton turbine at a head of 1129 m. worldwide with two 117 MW Pelton turbines of 465 m.
2001- Breakthrough in 3D-simulations for Pelton at 1220 m head.
1964 New Colgate, USA: 2002 turbines.
Largest Pelton turbines at that time with 2008 Zaramag 1, Russia:
5.44 m outside runner and 1.1 m bucket width. 2003 Gilgel Gibe II, Ethiopia: Two 176.5 MW Pelton turbines with runner
Four vertical, six-jet Pelton turbines, diameters of 4.2 m at a head of 635 m.
1972- Chivor, Colombia: each with a rated output of 105 MW at a
1977 Largest Pelton power plant in the country net head of 487 m.
at that time with eight 151 MW units.

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Voith Hydro Holding GmbH & Co. KG

Alexanderstrae 11
89522 Heidenheim, Germany
Tel. +49 7321 37 0
Fax +49 7321 37 7828

A Voith and Siemens Company