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Section 2: Electricity

2005 June

Q2: The circuit below contains a 1.5V dry cell, an ammeter and a thermistor at room
temperature.

(a) At room temperature, the resistance of the thermistor is 1000 .


Calculate the current, in amps.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................

Current = .......................... A (3)

(b) What happens to the resistance of the thermistor as its temperature increases?

......................................................................................................................................(1)
(c) What happens to the current as the temperature of the thermistor increases?

......................................................................................................................................(1)

(Total 5 marks)

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Answer

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Q4:

(a) A metal filament lamp is switched on.


Complete the boxes to show the energy transfer that occurs.

(3)

(b) The lamp is rated at 100W and is left on for 30 seconds.


How much energy, in joules, is transferred to the lamp?

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Energy transferred = ........................ J (2)

(c) The lamp is only 5% efficient. What does this mean?

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................(2)

(Total 7 marks)

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Answer

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Q10: (a) The drawing shows an electrical circuit containing a cell, a lamp and some
insulated copper wire with clips.

(i) A direct current passes through the circuit.


Name the particles that flow.

...............................................................................................................................
Why do the particles flow from the negative terminal to the positive terminal?

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (2)

(ii) The circuit has a 1.5 V cell.


Complete the sentence by adding the names of the two missing units.

A volt is a .................................................... per .................................................... (1)

(b) A student has a reading lantern. It contains a 1.5 V rechargeable battery. The
lantern uses solar cells to charge its battery during the day. The student switches on the
lantern at night to read.
Use the relationship E = V x I x t to calculate the average current from the battery
when it delivers 216 J in 2.0 hours.

Show how you get your answer and include the unit.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................

Average current = .............................. (3)

(Total 6 marks)

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Answer

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2005 Nov

Q2: A student holds a rod and charges it by friction using a cloth.

Insulator Conductor
Cloth
Rod
(b) Explain in terms of electrons how the rod and cloth become charged as shown.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (2)

(c)

A small positively-charged plastic sphere is placed at A.

(i) State the direction in which the sphere moves.

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(ii) Explain your answer.

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(Total 6 marks)

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Answer

(a) insulator zero if both boxes 1


insulator ticked for one row 1
(b) 1 mark each for
any two
(electrons) move
from the cloth
to the rod
electrons are
negative(ly
charged)

(c) to the rod / right 1


(i)
(c) positive /similar charges 1
(ii) repel
or
opposite / unlike charges
attract
Total 6 marks

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Q7: In the series circuit below, a lamp is lit to full brightness by direct current from a
1.5 V cell.

(a) State two differences between mains electricity and that supplied by the 1.5 V cell.

1 ...................................................................................................................................

2 ...................................................................................................................................(2)

(b) Draw a parallel circuit using the 1.5 V cell to show how two lamps could be switched
on and off independently and lit to full brightness.

(2)
(Total 4 marks)

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Answer

(a)1 a.c. not cell is d.c. 1


(a)2 larger voltage 1
(b) lamps in parallel with cell 1
each lamp can be 1
switched off/on
independently
Total 4 marks

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Q11: A torch uses three cells to light a bulb. The voltage across the bulb is 4.5 V and
the current in it is 1.5 A.
(a) Calculate the power input, in watts, to the torch bulb.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Power = ...............................W
(2)
(b) Use the equation
energy transferred = current xvoltage xtime
to calculate the energy, in joules, transferred to the bulb when the torch is used for ten
minutes.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Energy = ...................................... J
(2)
(c) The filament in the torch bulb is made of tungsten which is a metal.
(i) Describe the nature and direction of the current in the filament.

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................
(2)
(ii) The filament has a high resistance. What is the effect of the current in the
filament? Explain this.

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................
(2)

(Total 8 marks)

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Answer

(a) either 6.75 (W) (2) or power = 1.5 x 4.5


or power = current x voltage
(1)
(b) either 4050 (J) (2)
or clear indication that time is 10 x 60 /
= 600 (s) (1)
(c) flow/movement of electrons (1)
from negative (end/side) to positive
(end/side) (1)
(d) any two, (1) each do not credit molecules
collisions between or gets (much) hotter
electrons and
ions/atoms/nuclei/other
particles
transfer of energy
(large) rise in temperature
light /infra-red (radiation)
given out

Total 8 marks

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2007 June

Q2: A student connects a series circuit as shown.

(a) (i) The switch is closed. Name two components in the circuit, other than the lamp,
which affect the size of the current.

1 .............................................................................................................................

2 ............................................................................................................................. (2)

(ii) The current is 0.40 A. Calculate the charge that flows during a time of 20 s.

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

Charge = ................................C (2)

(b) You are asked to connect a second lamp so that each lamp can be switched on and off
independently. Show, by drawing on the circuit above, how this can be done. (2)

(Total 6 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Info. Marks


No.
a(i) resistor/resistance/rheostat 1
power supply/battery/cell 1
a(ii) = 0.4 20 1
= 8 (C) 1
b lamp in parallel 1
switch in series with second 1
lamp

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2007 Nov

Q2: A circuit contains a resistor R, a thermistor and a buzzer connected to a cell as shown. The
circuit can be used as a simple fire alarm.

(a) (i) Complete the sentence.


When temperature increases, the resistance of a thermistor ........................................ (1)

(ii) What happens to the current in the circuit when the temperature increases?

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(b) (i) State the equation which relates voltage, current and resistance.

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(ii) When temperature increases, does the voltage across R stay the same, increase or
decrease?

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(iii) Explain your answer.

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (2)

(c) The buzzer starts to sound when the voltage across R is a particular value. Add a
voltmeter to the circuit diagram to show how this voltage is measured. (1)

(Total 7 marks)
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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Reject Marks


No.
2(a) (i) decreases (1) 2
(ii) increases (1)
Notes
(ii) e.c.f
2b (i) V = I x R (1) 4
(ii) Increases (1) not dop no ecf
(iii) R same (1)
I bigger (1)
Notes
(iii) potential divider idea can
score 2
2c voltmeter connected in parallel 1
across
buzzer or R

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Q9: The diagram shows an electrical circuit.

(a) Complete the sentence.

The .................................... across the lamp is the energy transferred per

unit .................................... passing through the lamp. (2)

(b) Complete the table to show what each abbreviation represents in the equation

Q=Ixt

One has been done for you.

Abbreviation Representation
Q
I
t time
(2)

(Total 4 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Reject Marks


No.
9a voltage / potential difference / pd 2
(1)
charge (1)
9b charge (1) 2
current (1)

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Q13: The diagram shows a 9 V battery.

(a) The battery contains six cells connected in series.


Calculate the voltage of each cell.

......................................................................................................................................

Voltage = .............................. V (1)


(b) Complete the sentence.

Current is the rate of flow of ........................................................................................ (1)

(c) The battery supplies an average current of 0.20 A for 3.0 hours. Use the equation
energy transferred = current voltage time
to calculate how much energy the battery transfers during this time and give its unit.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Energy = .................................. (3)


(d) Describe the nature of an electric current in a metal wire.

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (2)
(e) The battery is described as a 9 V d.c. supply.
State what the letters d.c. stand for.

...................................................................................................................................... (1)
(f) State two differences between a mains supply and the supply from the battery.

1 ...................................................................................................................................

2 ................................................................................................................................... (2)
(Total 10 marks)
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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Reject Marks


No.
13a 1.5 (V) do not credit just 9 1
6
13b charge / electrons / ions 1
13c 19 440 (2) or (energy =) 0.2 x 9 x 3
3 60 x 60
(1)
joules/J (1) note 5.4 J is (2) 3240
J is (2)
324 J is (2)
13d flow/movement of (free) electrons 2
(1)
from negative to positive (1) or
through
lattice of ions
/ charged atoms
13e direct current 1
13f ANY TWO (1 each) 2
mains supply is alternating current
(1) or
mains is a.c.
mains supply is at a (much) higher
voltage /
230 V (1)
supply from battery is
limited/battery has to
be replaced/recharged

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2008 june

Q3: A student connects a light dependent resistor (LDR) to a battery.


(a) The current in the LDR is 0.050 A and its resistance is 90 in the dark.

(i) State the equation which relates current, resistance and voltage.

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(ii) Calculate the voltage across the LDR. Show your working and give the unit.

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

Voltage = .................................................. (2)

(b) The LDR is moved to a position in the light.


Choose words from the box to complete the table.
You may use each word once, more than once or not at all.

Decrease Increase Stay same

Effects on . It will
the resistance of the LDR
Current in the LDR
(2)

(Total 5 marks)

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Answer

Question Correct Answer Acceptable Ans. Marks


No.
3a (i) voltage = current resistance V = IR 1
or current = voltage/resistance I=V/R
or resistance = voltage/current R=V/I
Reject: V = C x R
3a (ii) 4.5 nwn 1
-1
volts or V or J/C or JC or A 1
3b decrease If written 1
increase Increase 1
decrease
means opposite then give 1 mark
only. Same for following
decrease
decrease
scores 1
increase
increase
scores 1

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Q4: (a) The diagram shows how a student connects several components in a circuit. The
student uses four identical 1.5 volt cells.

(i) Identify component Y.

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(ii) The reading on ammeter Z is 50 mA.

What is the reading in milliamps on each of the other two ammeters?

ammeter W = ......................... mA ammeter X = ......................... mA (1)

(iii) The student expected the lamp to be brighter and the reading on the voltmeter to
be 6.0 V.
The voltmeter is working correctly.
Give two reasons why the reading on the voltmeter is less than 6.0 V.

1 .............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

2 .............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)
(b) The graph shows how the current in a filament lamp varies with the voltage across
it.

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Explain why the graph is not a straight line.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (3)

(Total 7 marks)

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Question Correct Answer Acceptable Ans. Marks
No.
4a (i) (semiconductor)diode Reject if written: LED 1
light emitting diode

4a (ii) 50 50 both required 1


4a (iii) one cell is connected the wrong two cells cancel one another/not all 2
way facing the same way
some of the voltage is Reject battery, if written
cross/used up by reference to resistance of these
diode/component Y/ components /cells / whole circuit
ammeter(s)/(connecting) wire Reject the following
/switch voltage used up by/voltage across
voltmeter/lamp
voltmeter does not have infinite
resistance
ignore reference to current and energy
4b any three points voltage increases 1
current increases increases heat / 1
increases temperature molecular movement
increases resistance non-ohmic / I not proportional to 1
line or slope becomes less steep V/
decrease rate of increase /current
levels off

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Q6:(a) When you rub a polythene rod with a woollen cloth the rod becomes negatively
charged.
(i) Complete the labels on the diagram.

(1)
(ii) Explain why the polythene rod then remains negatively charged for some time.

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (2)

(iii) If you rub a copper rod rather than a polythene rod, the copper rod will not stay
charged. Why not?

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(b) Complete the following.


When a petrol tanker is filled or emptied the build-up of charge can be dangerous.
This is because a ........................................ may occur and this can ignite the petrol
vapour and cause an explosion. (1)

(Total 5 marks)

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Answer

Question Correct Answer Acceptable Ans. Marks


No.
6a (i) electrons electrons both required 1
6a (ii) points in either order
1
polythene is an (electrical) poor / bad (electrical) conductor
insulator Reject: poor conductor of heat 1
(so) slow to discharge /retains charge charge (or electrons)leak away /move
slowly (to earth)
6a (iii) copper is an (electrical) conductor (so
charge is earthed) Reject: copper is a good conductor of 1
heat
6b spark/sparking Reject: flame 1

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Q16: (a) Complete the sentence:

Voltage is the .............................. transferred per unit .............................. passed. (1)

(b) The circuit diagram shows a 1.5 V cell connected to a resistor. The current in the
circuit is 0.60 A.

(i) How much charge in coulombs flows through the cell in 2.0 s?

...............................................................................................................................

Charge flowing = ................................................. C (2)

(ii) How much energy in joules is transferred to the resistor during this time?

...............................................................................................................................

Energy transferred = ............................................... J (2)

(iii) State one assumption you have made in (ii).

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(c) State two changes to the value of the circuit components that would each allow four
times as much energy to be transferred to a resistor in a two-second period.

1 ...................................................................................................................................

2 ................................................................................................................................... (2)

(Total 8 marks)

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Answer

Question Correct Ans. Acceptable Ans. Reject Marks


No.
16 a energy charge Joules coulomb 1
16b (i) Q = I t / 0.60 2 1
= 1.2 (C) nwn 1
16b (ii) 1.5 1.2 Allow ecf 1
= 1.8 (J) nwn 1
16b (iii) no heat/energy lost in wires cell has no internal no heat loss 1
or internal resistance or cell resistance/ all cells 100% efficient
voltage across
resistor/wires have no
resistance
16c double cell voltage 3V 1
quarter resistance value add another cell
0.625 4 resistance
wire area 1
2 x diameter or radius
resistance wire length

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2008 Nov

Q1: The diagram shows an electric circuit.

(a) What do the symbols, A, B, C and D, represent?


A ............................................................................................................................... (1)

B ............................................................................................................................... (1)

C ............................................................................................................................... (1)

D ............................................................................................................................... (1)

(b) A student connects two meters to M as shown.

Complete the table to name each meter and what it measures.

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Info. Marks


No.
1a (A) a.c. (power supply) do not credit just Each point
(B) (open) switch / switch which is power supply carry 1
off mark.
(C) (electric) motor do not credit Total 4
(D) variable resistance / rheostat meter marks
1b (i) voltmeter both parts required 1
voltage/potential difference/p.d. do not accept
voltameter
voltemeter
voltagemeter etc
1b (ii) ammeter both parts required 1
current/rate of flow of charge do not accept
ampmeter
if the meters in
both (i) and (ii) are
correct
award (1) mark

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Q5: (a) Explain why it may be dangerous to switch on a light when your hands are wet.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (2)

(b) Many electrical appliances have a metal casing.


A live wire comes into contact with the metal casing.
Explain how an earth wire and a fuse prevent the user receiving an electric shock.

Earth wire .....................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Fuse ...............................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (2)

(c) The resistance of a persons body is 10 000 ohms.


A current of 0.020 amps will give the person a serious electric shock.
Use the equation
voltage = current resistance
to calculate the minimum voltage in volts which will cause this.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Minimum voltage = ............................... V (2)

(Total 6 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Info. Marks


No.
5a water is a good conductor 2

(so increases chance of) (electric)


shock /current in the body/heart
failure
5b (large) current/flow of charge in both required for 2
earth wire this mark

melts fuse (wire) (in plug) and cuts


off the supply/electricity/current
5c 200 (V) allow (1) mark for 2
just (V = ) 0.02
10 000

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Q8: (a) A student connects a 12 V battery to a resistor as shown.

(i) Draw an arrow in the resistor to show the direction of electron flow. (1)
(ii) Explain your answer.

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (2)
(b) The potential difference across the wire AB is 0.20 V when the current in the circuit
is 3.0 A.
The student leaves the circuit connected for 4 minutes.
(i) How much energy in joules is transferred from the battery to the wire AB in this
time?

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

Energy transferred = .............................. J (2)


(ii) Into what form is this energy transformed?
............................................................................................................................... (1)

(c) The 12 V battery is now replaced by a 6 V battery.


(i) How much energy in joules is transferred from the 6 V battery to the wire AB in
4 minutes?

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

Energy transferred = .............................. J (2)

(ii) Explain your answer.

............................................................................................................................... (1)
(Total 9 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Info. Marks


No.
8a(ii) electrons have ve charge 2
flow from ve and / or to + ve
8b(i) 0.20 x 3.0 x 240 0.2 x 3 x 4 = 2.4 2
= 144 (J) scores (0/2)
8b(ii) thermal/heat 1
8c(i) 0.10 x 1.5 x 240 ecf from (b)(i) e.g 2
= 36 (J) / quartered 0.6(J)
8c(ii) I halved 1
(V halved)

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2009 June

Q6: In electrostatic paint spraying, the surface being painted is given a negative charge. The
paint emerges from the paint sprayer carrying a positive charge.
(a) The diagram shows a metal frame being painted.

(i) Why is the paint attracted to the surface of the frame?

............................................................................................................................... (1)
(ii) After one coat of this paint the paint is no longer attracted to the frame. Explain
why this is.

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(b) A feature of electrostatic paint spraying is that the back of the metal frame is painted.
Explain why this happens.

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (1)

(c) A disadvantage of electrostatic paint spraying is that many other things like walls get
painted as well. Suggest how this can be avoided.

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (1)
(d) Name two other uses of electrostatic charges.

1 ....................................................................................................................................

2 .................................................................................................................................... (2)

(Total 6 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Info. Marks


No.
6a (i) opposite/unlike charges (attract) + and (attract) 1

6a (ii) now positively charged/ ignore neutral 1


like charges repel
6b charges on metal can move all 1
over/
whole frame is charged/
back is negative
6c give them a positive charge/ 1
cover them up
6d photocopier/fingerprinting Reject : 2
(inkjet) printer prevent explosions on aircraft
removing pollution from chimneys
sticking balloons to walls/any
classroom demonstration
safe use of sparks

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Q11: The circuit diagram shows a metal filament lamp connected in series to a battery, a closed
switch and a component X.

(a) What is component X?

...................................................................................................................................... (1)

(b) Adjusting component X alters the current in the lamp.


Complete the sentence.

Current is the ........................................... of flow of ............................................ (1)

(c) Complete the table for the equation in the box by writing the unit name in full.

Q=Ixt

Abbreviation for Quantity Unit for Quantity


Q
I
t
(3)

(d) (i) Name the particles which flow in the wire from A to B.

............................................................................................................................... (1)
(ii) Explain why they flow in this direction.

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(Total 7 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Reject Marks


No.
11a variable resistance resistance 1
variable resistor resistor
rheostat thermistor
11b rate ..... 1
charge or any named charged particle
11c coulomb(s) C 1
amp(ere)(s) A 1
sec(ond)(s) s 1
ignore quantity e.g charge
11d(i) electrons 1

11d(ii) negatively charged


or
attracted to positive
or
repelled from negative

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2009 Nov

Q1: A student uses a hair dryer. The hair dryers plug contains a fuse.
The diagram shows the fuse.

(a) Explain how the fuse prevents too large a current in the hair dryer.

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (2)

(b) The hair dryer is rated at 240 V, 1500W. Calculate the current rating in amps of the
hair dryer.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Current = ....................................A (3)

(c) The fuse in the hair dryer blows and the student has to replace it.
The following fuses are available:
1A 3A 5A 13 A
i)Which fuse should the student choose? Put a cross ( ) in the correct box.

Fuse Put
Rating cross
1A
3A
5A
13A
(ii) Explain your choice.

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

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(d) A hair dryer heats up air.
Name one other example of electrical heating used in the home.

...................................................................................................................................... (1)

(Total 8 marks)

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Answer
Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Information Marks
No.
1(a) wire melts/blows 1
breaks circuit/no current
1(b) Use of P = V I 3
1500 / 240
= 6.25 (A)
1c(i) 13A 1
1c(ii) all the others would blow dop 1
1(d) toaster / oven / kettle /bread not microwave 1
machine
/soldering iron etc.

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Q13: A laptop computer has a rechargeable battery.
The battery takes 4 hours to charge fully when a voltage of 6 V is used with a current of
1.2 A.
(a) Use the equation
energy transferred = current voltage time
to calculate the energy transferred.
Show your working and give the unit.

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Energy = .................................................. (3)

(b) Complete the sentences.

(i) Voltage is the energy transferred per unit ................................................ passed. (1)

(ii) A volt is a joule per ................................................ . (1)

(Total 5 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Information Marks


No.
13a 103 680 (2) J/joules credit 4 60 60 (s) or 14400 (s) 3
(1) with
(1)
note 28.8 J/joules is (2) and 28.8 is
(1)
and 1728 J/joules is (2)
13b(i) charge 1
13b(ii) coulomb allow minor misspellings 1
allow C

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2010 June

Q1: The circuit diagram shows how a student connects several components.
These include four identical 1.5 volt cells.

(a) Identify component X.

...................................................................................................................................... (1)

(b) State a difference between a fixed resistor and a variable resistor.

......................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................... (1)

(c) (i) Complete the sentence.

The four 1.5 volt cells are called a ........................................................................ (1)


(ii) Calculate the voltage, in volts, across the four cells.

...............................................................................................................................

Voltage = ............................. V (1)

(iii) The voltage across the fixed resistor is 3.8 V.


Calculate the voltage, in volts, across the rest of the circuit.

...............................................................................................................................
Voltage across the rest of the circuit = ................................. V (1)
(d) The reading on ammeter R is 40 mA.
State the reading in milliamps on each of the other two ammeters.

ammeter P = .................... mA ammeter Q = .................... mA (1)


(Total 6 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Information Marks


No.
1a (semiconductor) diode accept light emitting diode/LED 1
(half-wave) rectifier
1b can change the resistance of a or the converse 1
variable (resistor) or the converse
must refer to I, V or R
variable (resistor) can change ignore reference to symbo
current/voltage
1c(i) (6 volt) battery (of cells) dna power supply 1
1c(ii) 6 (V) 1
1c(iii) 2.2 (V) ecf candidates cii 3.8
1d 40 (mA).40 (mA). both required 1

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Q7: A balloon is rubbed with a dry cloth on a dry day.
The balloon then sticks to a wall.
This is because the balloon has gained negative charge.

Complete the following sentences.

(a) As the balloon is rubbed, .............................................. are transferred

from the .............................................. to the ..............................................

by .............................................. . (3)

(b) The surface of the wall near to the balloon has a ..............................................charge.

This is because objects with .............................................. charges attract each other. (2)

(Total 5 marks)

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Answer
Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Information Marks
No.
7a (negative) electrons dna negative charges 1
(dry) cloth .. balloon both required 1
friction correct order essential 1
7b positive /+ Accept different 1
opposite/unlike 1

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Q9: (a) Put a cross ( ) in front of two statements to show which of the following statements are
correct.
A 1 V is the ratio of energy transferred to charge passed.
B 1 V is the voltage when a current of 1 A dissipates 1 W of power.
C 1 V is the voltage when 1 J of energy is transferred when 1 C of charge passes.
D 1 V is the ratio of resistance to current.
(2)

(b) The diagram shows a battery connected to a resistor.

The terms conventional flow and electron flow are both used in current
electricity.

(i) Which one is represented by the arrow in this circuit?

.......................................... flow (1)


(ii) Explain your answer in (i).

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(iii) A student set up this circuit.


She added an ammeter to measure the current in the circuit and a voltmeter to
measure the voltage across the resistor.
Add these meters to the circuit diagram. (2)

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(c) The student also had a stopwatch.
She recorded the following readings:
V = 3.0 V
I = 0.75 A
t = 2.0 minutes.
Calculate:

(i) the charge, in coulombs, passing through the resistor in 2.0 minutes

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

Charge = .............................. C. (2)


(ii) the energy, in joules, transferred to the resistor in 2.0 minutes.

...............................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................

Energy transferred = ................................. J (2)

(Total 10 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Information Marks


No.
9a B (2nd definition) if more than two 1
C (3rd definition) crosses, -1 for each 1
additional cross
9b(i) electron (flow) 1
9b(ii) electrons travel from /towards + 1
/electrons are negative(ly charged)
dop
9b(iii) ammeter in series allow extra ammeters if 1
in series but not in
voltmeter in parallel with resistor or middle of battery 1
battery
9c(i) Q=Ixt 0.75 x 2 = 1.5 (C) scores 1
= 0.75 x 120 = 90 (C) 1st mark only 1
9c(ii) (E = IVt =) 0.75 x 3.0 x 120 do not penalise use of t = 2 here if 1
= 270 (J) already penalised in c(i), in which
or case an answer of 4.5 (J) scores 2 1
(E = QV =) 90 3 ecf their value of Q from c(i)
= 270 (J) e.g. 1.5 x 3 = 4.5 (J) scores 2

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2010 Nov

Q1: (a) State an equation which relates voltage, current and resistance.

...................................................................................................................................... (1)

(b) There is an electric current in a copper wire.

(i) Complete the sentence.

This electric current is the rate of flow of ............................................................. (1)

(ii) The copper wire is replaced by an aluminium wire.


This wire has the same thickness and the same length but a greater resistance.
What effect, if any, does this have on the electric current?

............................................................................................................................... (1)
(c) The following circuit diagram shows the places where a student measures the current
in a circuit.

(i) Identify component V.

............................................................................................................................... (1)
(ii) State the reading in amps on

ammeter Y reading = .........A

ammeter Z reading = .........A (2)

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(d) The following circuit diagram shows how a toymaker connects the lights in a toy
house.

(i) Complete the sentence.

The lights in the toy house are connected in ......................................................... (1)

(ii) Suggest one advantage of connecting the lights in this way.

...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(Total 8 marks)

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Answer

Question Acceptable Ans. Extra Information Marks


No.
1a voltage = current x resistance or any transposed version 1
V=IxR allow symbols
1b(i) charge/electrons /coulombs dna ions 1

1b(ii) lower/less/smaller/weaker/not as dna slower or slows down 1


strong

1c(i) variable resistor/rheostat dna just resistor 1

1c(ii) ammeter Y 0.8 (A) 1


ammeter Z 1.2 (A) 1
1d(i) parallel 1

1d(ii) any one of dna same brightness 1


lights can be switched on/off
independently
if a light fails the others will remain
on
lights may not fade as extra light
switched on

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