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NUMBEfi'TWENTY-THREE

Art by Sharon Behrends

A REVIEW OF LITTLE MAGS
AND SMALL PRESS BOOKS

c7WARGINS
A REVIEW OF LITTLE MAGAZINES
SPECIAL FOCUS: & SMALL PRESS BOOKS
LESBIAN FEMINIST Copyright (c) 1975
WRITING AND PUBLISHING
edited by Beth Hodges
Editor & Publisher: Tom Montag
CONTENTS
Associate Editor: Karl Young
Cover by Sharon Behrends
3. Editorial by Beth Hodges
4, PART I REPORTS FROM THE MOUNTAIN: OVERVIEWS Contributing Editors: Louie Crew, Victor Contoski,
4. Sister Loves Her Self: A Lesbian Photographic Essay by Nina Geoffrey Cook, Beth Hodges, John Jacob, Roberta
Sabaroff
7. Uninhabited Angels: Metaphors for Love by Julia P. Stanley Kalechofsky, Rich Mangelsdorff, Angela Peckenpaugh
l i . An Annotated Checklist of Lesbian Feminist Resources by Karen
Vierneisel Canadian Contributing Editor: John Shannon
16. When It Changed, or Crowing Up Gay in America with the Help
of Literature by Gene Damon
19. A Look at Lesbian Magazines by Karla Jay News Notes Editor: Diane Kruchkow
22. PART II REPORTS FROM T1IF, MOUNTAIN: FOCUSES
Graphic by Sharon Behrends United Kingdom Correspondent: Peter Finch
23. In the Name of All Women: The National Book Award Speech
by Audrc Lorde, Adrienne Rich and Alice Walker New Zealand Correspondent: D.S. Long
23. Nothing Safe: The Poetry of Audre Loide by Joan Larkin Australian Correspondent: Gary Oliver
25. Women in the Country: photographs by Carol Ncwhouso
27. The Female Tribe: A Review of Acs Guerilleres by Melanie Kaye
28. Woman-Identified: A Review of Amazon Expedition by Deborah
Core
29. Nomads of Revolution: Three Reviews by Julia P. Stanley
30. PART 111 THE PARK POINT ISSUE Margins is published twelve times a year in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Graphic by Sharon Behrends Subscription rates are: $6/12 issues: .$12/24 issues. Sample copy/
31. The Places We Have Been: The Poetry of Susan Griffin by Elly S 1.00. Special rate to little magazine and small press editors and pub-
Bulkin lishers: $3/12 issues, $6/24 issues, upon request. No exchanges.
34. Jane Rule and the Reviewers by Judith Nicmi Out-of-print .back issues of Margins (no. 1, no. 2, no. 3, no. 4, no. 5,
37. The Sensitive Blue Pencil: One Journal's Approach to Feminist and no. 1 1) are available in dry copy reproduction from Xerox Uni-
Criticism by Peg Cruikshank versity Microfilms. A microfilm edition of Margins is available to sub-
39. Women Together: photographs ',iy Donna Pollach scribers from the same company. The address is: Xerox University
40. Lesbian Literature: Random Th< ughts by Cathy Cruikshank Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
41. Some Pulp Sappho by Fran Koski and Maida Tilchen Margins does not solicit and assumes no responsibility for un-
45. Focus: A Non-Review by Paula fjsnnctl solicited manu scrip Is. Most work is by assignment. We are interest-
45. Sweet and Powerful: A Review of Lesbian/Woman by Jan Garton ed in queries on topics of relevance to Margins' concerns. Include
46. PART IV ON A CLEAR DAY (YOU CAN SEE JILL JOHNSTON) SASK with query for response.
46. Two (Re)Views: Susan Sherman and Susan Cavin by Elana Margins' advertising rates to little magazines and small presses are:
Dykewoman (Nachman) $20 for full page; $12 for half page (vertical or horizontal); $7 for
48. Writing-On quarter page; $4 for eighth page. See back matter of this issue for
48. The Poetry of Judy Grahn by Inez Martinez exact sizes. All ads must be pre-paid. 25% discount for four or
50. A Matter of Joy: A Review of Woman Plus Woman by Penny more insertions of the same ad. Ad copy must be camera-ready
Green to sizes specified in back matter.
51. Serial Media with Lesbian Content: A Project by The Lesbian Margins invites little magazines and small presses to participate
Herstory Archives in Margins Readers Service. The Readers Service is an attempt to
53. PART V SISTERS ALL make small and unknown publications easily accessible to the larger
53. Elsa Gidlow by Karen Wells audience. Participating publishers are required to send 3 copies'
55. Carol Grosberg on Lesbian Theater: An Interview by Karla Jay of their publication on consignment to Margins Readers Service,
and include a 20-25 word description of the material. Margins
58. Yesterday's Lessons: A Review by Janet Scrgi Readers Service will list the publications, take 20% for expenses
58. Amazon Quarterly: A Review by Elizabeth Diggs on all copies sold, and will send payment ...to .publishers' at six
60. An Interview with Pat Parker by Libby Wood woman/% Mama month intervals. If a publication does not sell after being listed
Rag in six consecutive issues, the copies will be returned to the pub-
62. PART VI MORE VOICES, MORE VIEWS lisher with a note to that effect. Margins Readers Service cannot
62. Lesbians Publish Lesbians: My Life and Times with Violet Press acknowledge receipt of packages without an SASE. Publications
• by Fran Winant received for Readers Service /will be listed in..the first available
67. The Lesbian Feminist as Writer as Lesbian Feminist by Adrienne issues. Address packages tO/'Margins Readers Service.
Parks Address hews notes to 'News Notes Editor', c/o Margins, at this
69. The Cook and The Carpenter: A Review by Joan Peters address. Address all other correspondence dealing with advertising,
70. Books and Journals Reviewed missing issues, subscriptions, etc., and review copies to: Margins,
•70. About Us: Contributors Notes c/o Tom Montag, 2912 N. Haekett, Milwaukee, Wl 53211.

2

SPECIAL FOCUS:.
LESBIAN FEMINIST WRITING AND PUBLISHING
edited by Beth Hodges

EDITORIAL ( there had been a study of Pat Parker's poetry, of Lynn Strongin's
by Beth Hodges poetry, of Sandy Boucher's fiction, and more. It is a fine
issue, but it is by no means comprehensive.
Published criticism of lesbian literature is almost non-exist- I thank Julia P. Stanley for reading photocopies of the
ent. In 1956 Jeannette H. Foster succeeded in getting her articles and making invaluable suggestions.
pioneering study, Sex Devian Women in Literature, published— Also I thank Lois West for criticizing and typing this intro-
Because of your work, Jeannette, and because of your duction. ,
courage in writing under your own name, some things have
changed for us; your daughters who continue your work. One
thing hasn't changed, however. Establishment editors are still
as reluctant to print criticism of lesbian literature as they
were twenty years ago.
Tom Montag, Margins editor, asked Louie Crew to guest
edit a focus on gay literature. Louie, perhaps aware that crit-
icism of lesbian literature is not published, insisted there be a Mary Daly makes the distinction between the "woman-
woman to co-edit the issue, a woman responsible"for represent identified; woman" and the "lesbian from the waist down.""
ing the lesbian writing and publishing. I thank Louie for this. When I use the term lesbian—in this introduction and in the
And I thank Tom for agreeing first to a woman co-editor and title of the issue—I am speaking of the woman-identified
eventually to separate issues. woman, the woman par excellence.
No other editor has been willing to devote an issue to les- I wondered why "lesbian from the waist down" is the
bian writing and publishing. To date, editors have been more popular image and why the woman-identified woman is in-
likely to respond as Richard Ohmann of College English did visible. This is how I explain it.
when Julia Stanley and I offered to guest edit an issue devoted Woman's power is real. I see it in the phenomenon of the
to the lesbian perspective. Julia and I were unhappy with the woman-identified woman. The woman grows up in an alien
issue of College English called "The Homosexual Imagination," society, is constantly violated—physically and psychically, is
because the issue was gay male. All graphics, all poetry, all taught that her sister is her enemy and her oppressor is her
articles (except two) were by and about men. There was no friend, is kept dependent on the man and isolated from her
bibliography to indicate that a vital lesbian literature exists— sisters' Still, some of us survive this daily rape of our spirit,
no hint that lesbians even have an imagination. retain somehow a sense of self and a will to be ourselves.
Julia and I sent Ohmann a critique of the issue and a pros- We are the woman-identified women, and our very existence
pectus for the lesbian issue we offered to edit. Ohmann an- is evidence of woman's potential, that despite all of man's
swered that they had deliberately chosen to do a gay male efforts to break our spirits and render us docile and helpless,
issue and would not consider a lesbian issue "unless we see we insist on being our own women.
more clearly than we do now that a lesbian issue would open as If man fears woman, he fears most the woman he can least
much new territory for readers as the November [gay male] control, the woman-identified woman, lie has failed to break
one did." In other words, they assumed that the men's per- her spirit but there are ways to silence the uppity woman. 1)
spective is significant; women must prove—if we can, given the Keep her invisible. 2) Trivialize her.
male editor's bias-that the woman's perspective is legitimate. Plan one: how to keep the woman-identified woman invis-
So I thank Tom Montag for this issue of Margins. And 1 ible and silent. Pretend that she is "gay", pretend that her
hope to see a sequel to it. The issue is a significant one, but message is not different from the gay male's message, ask the
it's only a beginning. We are witnessing the renaissance of les- •gay male to speak and pretend that he has said it all, that he
bian literature. And we have much to do, that is, develop a has spoken for himself and for the woman-identified woman.
lesbian feminist aesthetic and validate, through criticism, our Plan two: how to trivialize the woman-identified woman.
flourishing literature. Pretend that "lesbian" is a sexual identity, a sexual aberration,
This focus on lesbian writing and publishing is far from being and refuse to acknowledge that that woman's being self-iden-
complete. A single issue could not possibly contain criticism tified is political.
of all current lesbian literature. And secondly, the contents Men pretend that lesbian sexuality is a threat to society.
of the issue were defined by the women who did the critical Lesbian sexuality is not threatening. Men claim that it is in
writing. Women wrote out of love for the work they criticized, order to mask their real fear, their fear of woman's power. Man
and their writing was voluntary. I could ask, and I did ask, for is afraid of the woman in touch with her power, the woman
specific articles—but I couldn't demand that they be written. claiming her power. The woman-identified woman is fright-
I wish there had been an overview of poetry, an overview of ening-she knows man's secret, that he fears and hates her, and
lesbian song lyrics, a review of The Female Man and of Quest, that he has structured an entire system to keep knowledge of
a look at all the Daughters, Inc. books, all the Diana Press her tremendous power from herself and to prevent her from
books, and all the Women's Press Collective books; and I wish actualizing her power. 11" t

I feel us set into motion like the thousand spokes flying into and out of a giant wheel: self-perpetuating. has said "I'm not a fool I'm a survivor. The development of women's consciousness and the turn history is taking is revealed in our bodies and spirits in tangible form. Our bodies have gone through many revolutions and are giving birth to more. entering and creating a new world.! catch the images with my camera only because they are really there. beckoning to us. It is not a fad. or co-opt because our new culture is working in cooperation with the forces of life. Our voices never stop urging us on. As one of our poets. I am talking about the revolution occuring inside of women that is already altering everything around us. PART I REPORTS FROM THE MOUNTAIN: OVERVIEWS SISTER LOVES HERSELF: a lesbian photographic essay The pictures I am now taking of women have never been taken before. we are impossible to destroy . gathering momentum.. The lesbian photographer today is a pioneer." We are clearing the path for ourselves. Nina Sabaroff. and inexhaustible. I'm not a pearl I'm the Atlantic Ocean. These images I am seeing and sharing with others will soon be recognized everywhere. Judy Grahn. Our vision. is already growing faster than we can record its manifestations. July 1975 SELF PORTRAIT Photograph by Nina Sabaroff .

*•' iSl-S NAKED IN A NEW LAND Photograph by Nina Sabaroff .

/ ..A SISTER LOVE YOURSELF Photograph by Nina Sabaroff .-:.

Dark Side of Venus=DSOV. from some place that we have forgotten and would give our face of the Lesbian Otherworld.Perhaps closer parallels may be found in Celtic mythology. 69). light world where the "real" is defined by the limits of men's UNINHABITED ANGELS: METAPHORS FOR LOVE imaginations. We can never be wholly Here nor There. p. demands. In Lesbian novels. even as he said he was on no side. the only "acceptable" relationship between the two worlds: We are Saradove. we are an Stephen when she tells her to "get used to the world-it's a ideal. there are Lesbians have spoken for ourselves. Mghtwood~N. seeking patterns. Once Johnson (the young radical) has with bunches of scum and dead leaves floating on top.. To a largely hostile outside world. . In The Price of horrible place full of horrible people. dominates. It is into which [she] could never be absorbed" (DSO V. Therese realizes that ". and the conflict in Lesbian novels occurs at the inter. CS. Libido Beach-LB. and the world we inhabit encom. and she could feel in him a agines that she and Robin Vote could have ". the soul passing women seem to manage marrying and fitting in" (DSOV. 119). We are Robin. p. without pajamas or toothbrushes. p.' " We are individual exploration of our simultaneous habitation of two la somnambule of Nightwood. And. In the Lesbjan Universe. a grotesque denial" (DSOV. "like a person who has come worlds. . defined out of existence by those whose p.was not in a picture frame. not written by Bertha Harris. who ". . that week vacations. Between worlds. a land in which "women are numer. . . 166)/ world pressures. where we move through "an undefinable of our social topography. ing. "In the eyes of the world it's an abomination" (PS. that her love for Diana is "entirely evil". our early novelists describe our existence. inchoate. forgotten | their] desire that was actually personal to separate them. We are Ellen. are The Other. Closely associated with this happy monster between them. depict the Lesbian cosmology. 181). each description is an disorder" in which there is an " 'odour of memory. to be their enemy. but it's all there is." together seemed no longer love or anything happy but a (Celtic Mythology. who could only ask. Saradove's salvation lies in the arms of the young . was out. the twentieth century is the only century in which for fear of annihilation. As far force of our love for other women. of the novel. . Carol also feels compelled to inform and spent the night there. We are the changelings. from one body to another. shifting. in its out. . p. a little girl to beat and rock" which is nowhere (the not-place). in which "pretty have moved beyond. a uniquely Lesbian territory. Therese Therese. We are the improbable creatures. becomes prey to lesbians. Stanley . the and the external world of the heterosexual. p. We positive. . 167). a sea monster. only the darkness is ours. . life to recall" (p. because lives in the extremity of memory. theses. Claire Morgan describes the Utopian aspect of Lesbian we live in it.. p. ated as follows: Price of Salt=PS. who ". two- passes the paradox of Utopia. We are the dreamers. we are the monstrous innocents. Moving between worlds. so Catching Saradove. We are Nora standing before a bed in Naples where she im. without definition." (A'. that that iii the memory. and at her ease before her father's castle. to fish or swim" (CC. ." According to this interpretation side the 'human type'. p. we girls should find husbands and homes of their own" (WL. which I define as novels about Lesbians regardless of their quality. p. a By definition. submerged. . "you have to live in the world" (PS. 1 58). "What am I. makes clear [they] would have broken down to [their]love" (N. As a casual lover tells Judith: "Some homosexual ability to undergo countless transformations. as he knew they were together" (PS. night. moulted [their] parts. We are Carol who tells an encounter with a detective following her and Carol. righteous in asserting the "uninhabited angels. . . 146). but eventually has an affair with a she was flesh" (CS. has this realization: "It was malice she had seen in his smile. has finally been charted and described. and there is finally only an uneasy accommo- in the Celtic Otherworld. shadow-world in which each of us revolves about the central lines at least. who wanted to their prerogatives. she was not fantasy. 179). 118). and the night became another of Throughout Lesbian novels it is clear that THE WORLD those islands in time. spoons to polish. p. is never possible. lovely "Saradove Raccpalh is lost in Greenwich Village in New York. We are the dreamed. 154). trapped in a radical. Judith's "evil" are Stephen Gordon. locking lives. We are everything that numbers for quotations follow the abbreviated title in paren- everyone is afraid to be. p. "to be free at. After kind of abomination?" (WL. _ . suspended somewhere in the heart or is always present. not ourselves." We are Judith. a written by Lesbians. it is the world of which Angela Brossby reminds (the all-place). . 154). self-confident in their condemnation. sleeping nights. .. and assures her that last from the granite pressure of an external foreign normality what she is doing "isn't just an omission or a failure. . Well of Loneliness=WL. we are "unreal".58). Therese. Most often the presence of the world is represented in men. but none of us breathes as I know.the bottom of a polluted pond. Confessions of Cherubino=CC. that which is everywhere (CS. seeing our. . without past or future. and our lives are furtive scurryings at the boundaries of someone else's acreage. prevails. simmering stews. her up "in a neat procession of days. .. Reconciliation . shining kitchen. constantly chang. and there is the outside world. so Titles of the novels discussed in this section are abbrevi. tive for Saradoye. Julian feels it his duty to inform Judith turn her back on all that made an alien of her. just beyond a woman's arms. that which we world of a carefully cultivated "normality". mysterious. We are nowhere and everywhere. . Catching Saradove= We live in long halls of consecutive mirrors. .the whole world was ready ous and beautiful and they alone people some of its regions. being ourselves.. and Salt*. Of course. from the Greek eu topos. 179). It is the outside world that Saradove seeks in her strategy for survival depends upon denying-the reality of our flight. but within the book itself the affair is actually destruc- room like " . young radical demonstrator. p.. The bpokcover of figures in the waxworks are moulted down to their story. we are Outside. even to ourselves. p. with each of them caught in a fist" Otherworld was the druidic teaching of "shape-shifting. hidden." the (PS. 176). We inhabit the by Julia P. . 79)." where "No one ever comes. Page selves. hot ironed sheets. dation. p. Novels about Lesbians. intact and absolute" (p. everywhere. damp forests of wet leaves and improbable creatures.a wild thing caught in a woman's skin. stagnant. and suddenly what she and Carol had so that then it becomes literally 'The Land of Women'. 484).some consists of her denial of Julian's "right" to her body. describing the dynamics two worlds: ours. So we've just got to do as the world does" experience: "Once they came upon a little town they liked (WL. 27). . p. . 123). In a day. p. wishing that it would "hurry and catch" her. .

can feel only horror when such people invite drunk Lesbians out to their yachts for orgies. p. . and she sees that "L. praved' by our generation. . lies and deceit among those whom tion.E. . 145). And he tells Nora: "The darkness is the closet in which your fumbles for a way to tell Mary of the consequences of her lover roosts her heart. 15). . twilight and had their perverted little kicks and they can go home and spread the night become our only territories. . will see unfaithfulness. confronting Evelyn. " (LB. . into the fantastic. p. p. p. that we are alien. sleepwalkers. . p. will call you unclean. waiting for a new sunrise to sing. she has no name. . p. . like Saradove. Even the summer birds had one of those who must go into the night. the dreams. p. . she finds L. p. The Outside World exacts from utterly unknown. In the daylight world of men. somehow extraordinary.E. crawls "into Margaret's shaky wooden Saradove's mot her. I am your meta- Stephen Gordon's mother was repulsed by her daughter. .E. remaking it. she imagines that at a party she will meet "fabulous women. lie tells Olympia. Every day is thought upon corrupt anything they can. for phor for love" (CS. out at the risk of looking like a very small And Saradove. bian novel is that of destruction. too hard to catch. He des." Dinny continues her explanation. every moment making it of the Lesbian meet. As the Doctor in Night. and. We may harm estrangement of his bowels. The role of the outside world in the Les- more real through the lie of herself" {CS. her spirit and yours." (CC. At the party. 201). all You will see men and women defiling each other. . cast as Peter Pan. . a certain unconscious defiance" (WL. don. 209). her movements. A sort of first position in atten. and points out to to herself". In Margaret's mind. in just a moment. L. who does not "look like anything In atterripting to create herself. trapped in the real. p. it is "a fabulous reconstruction of fear. . hide of time had been stripped from her. And it is in this violation of innocence that the two worlds .5). . .slipped the brass ring on her finger. These innocents have their own definitions for love. Mary. thinks: "So that was where love was. . 197). and she understands clearly from which she must protect Ellen. You dream" (CC. under "she hated the way Stephen moved or stood still. as if they were sleeping eyes" (N. a face that will age only under the blows of perpetual the world views with approbation' (WL. We learn. 117). p. not ordinary. . 43). fearful sort of primitive innocence. the Lesbian character creates for Dinny. ". 206).E. where that she can have no identity except that provided for her we all become children. 89). we come to inhabit each other's dreams. love: "You always want metaphors from me. but swift instant" L. the word that those queers are just a bunch of deluded degen- wood defines twilight." (N. and that night-fowl that caws against love: "If you come to me. driven Margaret insane. "they've change my life with" (CS. 13). solid true. 45). a price that she pays because she has . 164). but a man had describes her as one of those who must get permission to live caught her and she was no longer fit for the beasts" (CS. . * Robin is growl or a footpad came to her. . . she's never real. 80). Margaret becomes think you can rub me out. . Beth. "We'll just see how magical she is. but the night is not premeditated" (N. and it is the night closed their throats. The temples like those of young beasts cutting dove begins her affair with Johnson. 11 may be considered 'de. thinks child. engers. Stephen Gor- and calculated. to their table. Margaret. p. dropping between you and her the awful will persecute you. . knowing finally that it is love for her that has them lovely people you know?" (CS. 134). p. ledge of those around her. And the Doctor Once the spell of the enchanted forest is broken. the making of "uninhabited angels. she knows that "Not a horns. the Lesbian comes 1o believe that their own dreams" (CC. 69). a fear encouraged by her father: "Am 1 going to have a morning housetop burning with summer" (CS. describes the reason straight people herself a mythology of darkness. .E.K. . L. denials of the outside world. just let me have the dreams she means to Beth that when these pleasure-seekers are finished. 196-7). . she perceives that in Saradove "Some fairy tale she had made "Next thing you know. but all this will not saye you from the sling the creature. hung with mist and spider webs and thick forests. contemplating the "cruel truth" of her love for Mary.'s body. Were you planning right then Nora realizes that she is only a shadow in Robin's dream (N. the Lesbian begins with on earth. she would go back into the god's make-believe of reality. . p. 136). When Sara- childhood. 196). but on the neck of you.. Saradove feels "in one." (CS. In to talk all nigh I to convince just one of you that you're not the transfiguration. pp. (CS." In Libido Beach. p. everything is transformed by THE WORLD. finding only corruption and vileness in you. p. . erates that: will do anything. Night people do not bury no living creature by our love. Lesiban love becomes the Lesbian.'s face had become a motion- certain largeness about her. would again love Johnson" mountains. husked of its gestures" (N. . p. p. their beloved and waking. They are. 145). Saradove tells herself that "In a moment. as if the noblest actions. Fear began to turn her story into a fairy tale. 80). a By entering into a socially-approved relationship with a male. that she is "the only lie. At the top of the cragged would become sane. 12. 138). 126). a world in which she moves come to the island. the only fantasy. pi 347). the world will abhor you. And. ticipate or get. love becomes a vampire not be real. Saradove has defiled herself. You transactions with knowledge. Saradove. hated a a table. through the perceptions as real as unicorns" (CS. different.. As dreamers. and with it. . "and Johnson's hand against her own they are not the safe love of convention. In the darkness. we may grow more perfect in their dead. Ellen. p. p. And she writes to her first of those around us. make me never happen! Little girl "the indulgence of as many secret dreams as there were pass- who got here by magic never had to have a daddy. instead. scourge of a world that will turn away its eyes from your cribes Robin as "sort of fluid blue under her skin. dreams are dissipated. . she is no longer innocent. was making over her brain into flight." tells herself that she is a dragon (CS. just to fly off through the ceiling and head toward some of p. and the knowledge that she is different. the Lesbian can. of violence. after Ellen has told her of her affair with Sanctissma. the know. . went up like vapor against that memory" (CS. p. the unknown Otherworld. Later loves that must inhabit the dark. the Lesbian a sacrifice. making it cross It is Saradove's fear of "being different" that causes her the forbidden forest. "she will make an innocence for herself. And in her insanity. understanding. . . L. the shattering of Out of the feelings of unreality forced upon her by. failing that. . Sara- through which she manifests her innocence. . . innocence later observes that "To be utterly innocent. would be to be is lost. . and Dinny explains to her that habitation of another's dream. you find that you are forced to par- up was coming to life and trying to love her"-(CS. a certain crude lack of grace in picture projector pointed into the dark rooms of her brain. A group of them has tried to lure another through dreams and shadows. . at last the passengers could handle and kiss and violate p. Her husband dove had been too crafty.'s other lover. you're ordinary?. They're corrupt and they'll fear bottom-out and wrong side up. particularly to oneself" (TV.

the price of dreaming is devastation. since its publication in 1969.. This representation manages to depict the Lesbian as necessarily Patience and Sarah. where Renay has sent her some sacrifice exacted. we have Only two of the books. as Patience and Sarah. Rubyfruit Jungle is the' . and Terry and. the new "fictional" Lesbians focus on them- We are no longer beings transformed into "uninhabited angels" selves and. to "us"? As we have grown into our own fantasies. and the child is killed. Lesbian is cast as a kind of "noble savage. believe that "his" woman has left him. Robin husband. In that alone. in Rubyfruit Jungle. as a barely disguised Rita Mae this time we are spared the agonizing over the "rights" and/or Brown. ' draw their content from the traditional plot structures of We are no longer "uninhabited angels"." it marks the turning appeared in 1972. In 1969. abandoned the "omniscient narrator" to heterosexual writers. but the book ends on a note of fear (DSOV)." echoing the Up to this point. love his child. p. (CS) For the Lesbian. but I find it hard to reject the book for giving in to the demands and pressures of male society. and this her shame and bitterness. winds up on a park bench trying to^ cal situations. and familial a man who could "win for her the world's approbation. and it and Sarah is not "autobiographical. and when the book ends Terry assuring the reader that Lesbians are base creatures indeed. Renay. In 1973. I have concentrated only on those novels sentiments of Stephen Gordon. even when there's a "happy" ending.). The word Lesbian. perhaps more. The novel consists of four alternating division is based on an important shift in th conceptual struc. Yester." tensions. The conflict with the heterosexual world takes a particularly Ellen. and Tinker Bell has come fdr her and that she's going to Never. Jerome Lee. but it love each other. "We" are no longer "they". ble by third person narration. and Loving Her by Ann Shockley (Bobbs:Merrill). Rita Mae Brown published Ruby fruit Jungle. the two women are depicted in their respective "femme" hood in the eyes of the Outside World through her Fall. but newly claimed territory. but with racism within themselves and others. nearly beats her to (PS) When two women dare to love each other. we have had seven. equally authentic. which may assume different guises." who are satisfied with the images created for us out of the the question has become. we have the space . adultery. the women are reunited backdrop for the two women as they find themselves. and disarming. the Lesbian approaches saint." living in primitive who is nearly destroyed by her daughter's death. after her "salvation" women struggling. the Utopia of our earlier novels. Moral-of-the-Story: Women loving women of a Lesbian relationship in a racist society. they all share one feature in common: themselves with what we are to "them". finding Renay alone. cence that is destroyed. our first As our novelists have begun to reflect the restructuring and novel with comic episodes. in which Patience and Sarah speak for themselves. thus But she does return to Terry. there is always death. come to inhabit ourselves. Fpr example. as a for farce and laughter. . Stephen Gordon finally surrenders Mary to intrigues: an international kidnaping. He has an accident. leaves Terry. exploring the additional complications Never Land. And 1974 saw the publication of strengthening of our perceptions of ourselves. For the first time. In Loving Her. The Late Comer teases the reader. a black woman." that she will offer up even her love for destruction. Instead. . a novel in which Molly's encounters characters in the novel finally find their way to each other. Carol and Therese finally wind up brutal and painful. but without the anguish of written by Lesbians that appeared prior to 1970. Ultimately. and offering us their perceptions and struggles in their own voices. Patience things to herself: ". Diana marries a man she dislikes in order to love each other. for Terry. more appropriately. tures of Lesbian novels. The in his car. was the first to stand on our the same way as Jane Rule's This Is Not For You does. Inc. books. who seem to still need the facade of objectivity made possi- Riverfinger Women by Elana Nachman (Daughters. Thus. Innocence creates the willingness to because what we see is the process of two women coming to make trie sacrifice. Lesbian novels. with the title A Place for Us. the heterosexual None of the characters are anything but glad they're Lesbians. and. and his revenge is barking and laughing. focuses on the beginning Libido Beach. novels in which Lesbians finally appear as It is the first time that we hear the first-person voice as Les- human beings standing firmly on whatever ground we can bians speak to themselves and each other. She is a woman so guilt-ridden by her identity explaining in a note that she thinks "it's best for both of us. by and "butch" roles. voices. by Ann Shockley." has been one of the most popular Lesbian novels depravity and attains a strained spirituality through her self. We see the two leads to madness and suicide. world. are occasions the last page. denial and mutilation. on with the heterosexual world. Renay leaves her black the insane Margaret in her arms. NOTHING works. "wrongs" of loving another woman. point in the structure and content of Lesbian novels. after Carol has lost the battle to keep her daughter. Yes.. Although Patience claim. but Jerome Lee cannot Vote lies weeping on the floor of a chapel near Nora's home. And the straight-forward simplicity of Isabel Miller's is the mythology created in early Lesbian novels. The sacrifice comes out of the inno. I'd never noticed II that marriage made anyone else feel better. Terry. In spite of the diversity of style and story exhi. what are "they" darkness and fear of someone else's mind. since the heterosexual world is Still "out there. Gail drowns herself because she believes that stages of a relationship between Renay. does not occur once in the novel. in much Molly.. returns home carrying violent and tragic form in this novel. and Renay are in each other's arms. Saradove. label for the relationship. and her living in it. a white woman. as lovers. in the last sentence. and it's conveniently set in the early nineteenth this way. she did so with force and wit. but Kate Millet. and takes the girl child for a ride For Lesbians. we are corrupted through our own innocence. Isabel Miller published A Place for Us. Since then. First he breaks into the home of Renay together. not only with heterosexuals in stereotypi- by the young radical. in one of her introspective mo- ments. innocence. which has been called a "Lesbian evil. in The Confessions of Cherubino. through McGraw-Hill. they have The Late Comer by Sarah Aldridgc (The Naiad Press). daughter to stay for awhile. Andnn Nightwood. two women grow to (WL. Loving Her and The Late Comer. The heterosexual world becomes merely the protect Judith's estate. and the two central first comic Lesbian novel. tellings of style masks a subtlety and wry humor that is at once appealing our failed Utopias. Such century.chosen to be different. 494). day's Lessons by Sharon Isabell (The Women's Press Collective). and Flying by our latest novels capture the shift of focus in diverse. through a maze of heterosexual political is always there. Our characters no longer concern bited in these books. Then he goes to Tilltown. but so conscious of her "evil" that she transcends her fairy tale. In the midst of social conflict.

in Riverfinger Wdmen. Yesterday's Lessons. just as we thought!". other than the shape our exper- fingers the first makes it clear. we have destroyed are our lives. these are our lives. r--j.:1 The Women's Press Collective. ($. and other and make the start of a common life. Shirley. cast as the Virgin Mary in a Christmas play.50) MacCana. .. Djuna.: V . pp. ience as a whole takes on in an immediate present. the years just ahead. Nevada: The Naiad Press. riding out of her book on We have destroyed the separation of "facl" and "fantasy". Vt. . story falls apart and something else shows through-an isola- ally not the heterosexual culture that would have her deny tion. with irreverence and glee. Oakland..00) Hall. 1962. Sarah. in our careful duplications (toasters. Plainfield.V. these are our lives". 1974. and strength to be funny. There are all the places where the to be sacrificed for the "greater good" of anyone. Elana Nachman L 10 . Claire.. feeding the cats. . New York: McGraw-Hill. ($5. Will any of us forget when Molly. Rubyfruit Jungle.. New York: Avon. self drops from us continually.>«& Shockley. Brace Jovanovich." these are our lives "Let me try to make it clear. Sharon. • . Elana Nachman proclaiming. Bertha. Inc." The beginning. Reno. 89) think they could do it without them. We have in. .95) Verel. Brace JovamWich. All I have we knew that when men came to see the movie we would make. Daughters.: Daughters. ($6. Elana. ($. with the years just behind (moving them toward it). gentlemen. London: Hamlyn Publishing Group. Vt. ($2. "There are all the places where these stories touch each we shed the last vestiges of our "strained spirituality". Indianapolis. The Late Comer. to the point where one would But we knew evert then. be hard pressed to take seriously any suggestions that the laundry. 1974. as Sharon Isabell. My Freedom!" Both novels record on a common error in the Western time sense: that there is the struggles of occupation of our new territory. Calif.—. seem based take that away from me. 1973. Miller Isabel. The beginning Then. The Price of Salt. j baby Jesus" on the stage? In Molly. . and we will set about creating had that bike I had hope. New York: Bantam. The Dark Side of Venus. un-huh. 'Nightwood.95) Isabell. 1969. 1974. There is Inez. claimed our own world. at last. . has this to say: "I begin to feel as long as I are our own fantasies. . . "Let me try to make it clear.• * • Nachman. 1972. Ind. world has a precise and knowable form. No matter how many people ourselves. ($4.50) jr . •• • •. ($2. Alain. 1969. -. Rita Mae.95) Morgan. Proinsias. This is the these are our lives story of what it meansxto be women and lovers when you are seventeen. Loving Her. Confessions of Cherubino. some kind of love for ourselves. immoral and certainly absurd. The beginning of our construction of ourselves. 1970. Elana Nachman and Sharon Isabell moved of a new mythology. Catching Saradove. p. 1 962. 1961. 75) " • • . in 1974. with everyone waiting to say. Inc. I do not suggest that that we were pornographic because we were both women." (Riverfinger Women. a new construction of reality. SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY "There are all the places where these stories touch each Abby. 1972. and the barriers between so-called "fiction" and "non-fiction". •* '. 1972. "these moved into our own lives. ($3. London: Corgi.*.50) other and make the start of a common life. I am writing a complex antilincar tract-far from it. ever said was that I was writing the pornographic novel of my the men would come because it was pornographic. in fact a past we can pinpoint. for the sake of having something to do with my spare all. Inez River. New York: New Directions. sinful. baby. . Celtic Mythology. We her yamaha 125.(5. the beginning of Aldridge. dropped "1:he 13-14). Plain field.95) . .: fv . Patience and Sarah." (Riverfinger Women. ($3. 1974.50) Brown. and especi. ($5. Riverfinger Women. and in so doing.: Bobbs- Merrill. New York: Harcourt. . for women to time.50) . As Inez Rivcrfingcrs points out to The Committee: laughed at me or no matter what anyone said they couldn't "Your notions of what 'reality' is. a hunger to shape that isolation and terror into herself to its own ends. Ann. ($1. and.50) Harris. Sharon Isabell. E? r. Radclyffe. . There is Abby. a terror. Molly is no innocent or lamb about an idea about community. a whole inventory of living together). which it- In 1967 we still wanted to repeat the same straight story.00) Barnes. New York: Ilarcourt. Libido Beach. that's life. ($3. New York: Macfadden. these are our lives They became lovers when they were seventeen. The Well of Loneliness.

Part IV lists feminist publishers. in hand at the end of 1974 total 1252: 876 non-fiction 11 . Inquiries efforts often collapse. Out-of-print. The standard but all indications suggest its focus is male. fiction. if only temporarily. and the first edition of ture (1956) or Gene Damon's The Lesbian In Literature (1967). Any Box 5025. Part I lists every known bibliography in the the lesbian material. attitudes toward lesbianism as revealed in English. Principally a bibliography of prose itive. Superseded by more recent listings. study of lesbian checklist is Part VI which describes the three lesbian archives characters and authors. 42.). (Anything catalogued before 1972 continues to be cross. Gene.) Lib.500 entries. indices. Bay Area nize lesbians. 1975.. for Lesbian Women. Students of women's culture. lesbiana slowly Alphabetical listing by author of all known books in Die began to surface. if not exhaustive. San Francisco Public Library. The mainstream of literary endeavor. Many of the materials are not found in the biography and substantial non-fiction works since 1 967 university library. butors of feminist and lesbian publications. Choice. author index facilitates use. The silence was observed. With the emergence of the The Ladder. and the quality of the treatment of into six sections. The checklist is divided and/or action. and resources which index lesbianism. and Ulrich's International Periodical Directory 1973-74. O. Before 1972 I . such do NOT order until it is formally announced. A subject/ movement groups. Sis no longer published. English language concerned with lesbianism or having This checklist is intended to fill a void.] criticism revealed a curious blend of naivete and censorship Damon. 1956. fiction works on lesbianism have been excluded because in Washington Station. The cost of volunteers. The New Alexandria Library The usefulness of this bibliography is difficult to ascertain. NV 89503. stamped envelope. fictive and In Literature: A Bibliography. Also available: almost all instances they are repetitve and owe their existence The Index to The Ladder ($10. poetry. of periodicals is out-of-date by the time it is printed.00.AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF LESBIAN phicus. When people are exhausted working full-time this paperback reprint has not been determined. The principal sources for this checklist were materials Institute for the Study of Human Resources. any listing should be directed after July 1975 to The Ladder. minor. Foster's Sex Variant Women In Litera. P. Jan Watson and Robin Jordan. lesbian characters. the complete microfilm either to Jeannette H. cannot v ely on the conventional resources of the library. Part III lists publications by and Foster. Jeannette H. As with all alternative jargon./ revised checklist. Illinois. An available in the Chicago area: The Women's Collection at Annotated Bibliography On Homosexuality. and German literature from ancient times to the I 950's I have made every effort to see at first-hand the materials and describing the literary conventions of lesbian fiction. Reference Center. Critchfield. lesbiana. LIL is an essential source. Coded for ease of use to torian literature or Medieval studies have only begun to be indicate major. and drama.j Part II is a brief description of abstracts. P. backfile of The Ladder ($70.S. 1972. NV 89503. LIL's second edition includes The difficulties of such a compilation frustrate even the most a considerable number of entries on biography and auto- skilled researcher. the files of Lavender Press. listed. In progress. and repressed lesbian characters made available in Women's Studies. Out-of-print. nerable to monetary pressures and are often dependent on [NB: To be reprinted by Diana Press. 1975.). Reno. Thus. Completing the A comprehensive. Washington Station. A brilliant literary history. Synergy's issue on "Lesbiana". The reference works which facilitate research in Vic. many lesbian works were simply not purchased. [Order pre-paid from: The Ladder. it is an attempt to list all known lesbian feminist resources. FEMINIST RESOURCES It is my hope that this checklist will encourage research in I lesbiana and that individuals having access to information not by Karen Vierneisel included will willingly share it in order that the revised check- list be yet more comprehensive. identifying Historical and Quantitative Survey. Northwestern University Library. Press. women's movement in the 1960's. Send omissions are made in ignorance and will be corrected in a self-addressed. indexed under "lesbianism" and "sexual perversions". French. holdings on a woman writer reveal the caprice of a librarian in [See Booklegger Magazine in Part II for Critchfield's new the Acquisitions Department. The Lesbian when it came to discussing lesbian relationships. Sex Variant Women In' Literature: A about lesbians. Part V is a guide to distri. tracing the social rary in Hvanston. We were then filed under "sexual perversions". Reno. The. March 1974. But it was not always possible to locate publications. PLEASE jobs and volunteering after-hours to put out a journal. The Lesbian in Literature ($6. $10. trash. Although not defin. SVWIL is the pioneering work in and the Women's Collection at Northwestern University Lib. Nevada: real. A select annotated bibliography of fiction and non-fiction. however. Brief annotations to make locating English language which includes entries on lesbianism. Sue. Card entries reference works used included Besterman's Index Bibliogra. rarians contributed to the conspiracy of silence about lesbians. numerous highly selective bibliographies appended to non.). New York: Vantage those who publish lesbian material. The books easier. those that are housed in the university are that are accurate in their presentation of lesbianism.BIBLIOGRAPHIES he Library of Congress subject headings did not even recog. Foster's prose style is refreshingly free of inflated literary especially those printed outside the U. Box 5025. Approximately 2. Fiction with lesbian characters and lesbian authors were buried.O. feminist and lesbian groups are more vul. Like SVIL. An essential bibliographic source. buried. especially of lesbiana. Reno. Second Edition. Often the the last issue was no.

whatever is read about homosexuality. and autobiography. positive alternative lifestyle. 1970. New Jersey: Scarecrow Press. The editors are in touch postage: U. Box 2383. fiction in the English language. Carole Leita. 2256 Venice Blvd. Particularly good listing of poetry pamphlets. 2104 Stevens Ave. For information.. also excludes 5 through 1969. Evelyn Hooker.50.S. A Gay Bibliography. 55404. Sharma. Free Third Revision.. ' [Financial assistance for the work of the task force is gratefully received. sociolo- the subject and caution the reader to carefully evaluate gists. Task Force on Gay Lib- envelope to LRC. 1974. Second Edition. Ontario. San Francisco. WL is a useful BM publishes essays. 1973. Includes those works that some literary works but limited to works in the English show lesbianism as a valid. stamped envelope For additional information. Umesh D.. Social Responsibilities Round Lesbian Resource Center. Second Edition.. PA 19103. $L50/copy. No index. Order prepaid from Falling Wall Press. II . articles in medical and scientific journals. Press. An Annotated Bibliography. 1 1 0 items expressly on lesbianism. women studying the female experience as portrayed in [See Vol.000 Items. Primarily a historical bibliography recording the history of Alternative Press Index. write: W. Postal Station E. Highly recommended. MA 02138. and psychologists. ALA/SRRT. & Canada. Women and Literature: An Annotated Bibliography of Women Writers. Chicago. Excludes biography. Bristol. articles. Glide Publications. Parker's bibliography is useful for the . Minneapolis. UK. Los ' relationships. and book reviews (espec- guide for women's studies courses and for individual ially of books not reviewed elsewhere). Women Loving Women: A Select and Anno- tated Bibliography of Women Loving Women in Literature. $6/yr. Minneapolis. Chairwoman of the National bibliography includes a lengthy preface which acknow- Institute of Mental Health Task Force on Homosexuality. titles of which 142 are articles not found in other listings1 literature. $60/ military & women'smovement since February 1972. Canada. post free by surface. Ltd. and ity. Marie. American Library Association. publishers. Alphabetical listing by author of select books in English An alphabetical listing by author of over 2. AND RESOURCES Alternatives In Print. 1975-76. no. Cambridge. England: Falling Useful as a directory to 800+ independent and movement Wall Press Ltd. 100 items expressly on lesbianism. 1. literary works. etc. of the bibliography send a self-addressed. CA 90006. A research research specialist as well as the general reader. January 1974. Order prepaid from Lavender lesbianism. Kuda. Sense and Sensibility Collective. Divided into 14 sections including books. eds. WL is never- Angeles. Homosexuality: Chicago: Lavender Press. 1973. Revised Booklegger Magazine. Suite 203. literary works and articles in legal journals in English and English translation all popular magazines. dissertations. 555 29th St. A Select Bibliography. $1. on all aspects of male and female homosexuality including biography. An author/subject index facilitates use. fear and confused. The Annual Catalog of Social Rowbothan. and unverified. alphabetically listed. psychological. Metuchen. resource lists. A subject/author index bias that have shaped much of what has been written on facilitates use. language and in English translation and to twentieth cen- Though Kuda's annotations do not always agree with tury publications. MN eration. S. Montpelier. ] Parker. A listing of 1. Massachusetts. including biographical A bimonthly magazine by/for library workers and feminists. non-fiction. and Alan P. Although it is not exhaustive. A Bibliography. and Valerie Wheat. $15/high schools. Waterloo. WLW^works well as a complement to fiction. cross-index lesbians under subject heading "feminism" rather than "gay liberation". project of the National Institute of Mental Health.S. ary politics. Materials. Presumably a serial bibliography ^ view of homosexuals and homosexuality. Homosexuality: A Selective Bibliography of Over 3. Please include publications listed by subject. subscriptions. WLR does not include material written in the $30/libraries and educational institutions. stamped to Barbara Gittings.80. Weinberg. An index of topics lists 40+ entries on lesbian Legg. Twentieth-century writers account for 5/6ths plus 376 fiction titles. $8/yr. Box 60206. Dorr of all entries. poetry. No code for distinguishing LIL's codings. and Canada $. United King. Primarily of interest to scholoars. $1. biased. pamphlets. Cambridge. The Institute. dom 20p. 1972. theless ah impressive compilation. 79 Richmond A quarterly index to 150+ alternative and underground Rd. for individuals. 57 Ellery St. this word by Dr. Minnesota. With rare exception. Divided into corporate institutions + additional $5 charge for overseas general subject headings. information on some of the major writers. ledges that much of the thinking about homosexuality is and (he author's preface discuss the ignorance. Homosexuality: 1971. Alternative Press Centre. CA 94131. 5p for with movement ideas as evidenced by their decision to single copies. England BS6 5EP. 300 items expressly about The Lesbian In Literature. The. Coordinator. Edited by Sue Critchfield. autobiography. 1975. and films which support a positive from lesbian presses. William. Bibliography of Lesbian Related Table. Toronto 4 Ontario. IL 60660.. Alphabetical listing by author of select books of prose Celeste West. articles that explore the relation of feminism and revolution. Rudy. New York: Harper & Row..000 entries or English translation limited to prose fiction. and Wilfred C. Martin S. material contained in homophile publications.. ] 12 . Women's Liberation and Revolution: Change Publications.ABSTRACTS. 60 entries^ A listing of non-fiction items including books. Under numerous general subject headings. Task Force on Gay Liberation. January 1974. $10/movement groups. For a free copy which LRC will update at six-month intervals. ed. 7 entries under gay liberation. Bag Service the women's movement in its first years and listing those 2500. send self-addressed. periodicals. P. I fora free press bibliography.265 entries on the sociological. Bristol. Bell. Philadelphia. Sheila. U.50. . INDICES. The for. and physiological aspects of male and female homosexual- articles iri homophile publications. Order prepaid from Sense & Sensibility.O.

SCIENTIFIC/ACADEMIC ' .. literature. people are not very political. sociology.. Boston. law. letters. To date. Vol. P.O. Box 427. Edited by Sara Stauffer Whaley and • land. LESBIAN FEMINIST ! $. Atlanta. $4/yr. Albion. and poetry. G A Y ' •.O. $7/students. $15/libraries and lesbian ' 10014. CA 90004. CA 95410. that most TL. Amazon Quarterly. $3/yr. MA 02144. collective suspended publication in Fall 1974 with a promise 1974). individuals. A founder member of the National Federation of Ilomophile [See review in Lavender Woman. NY 10023. for insti. C. New Dyke. 13 . med- icine. 3 no. Box 62. 3. Lazette. 72nd St. fiction. A new quarterly journal publishing essays. But editor Gene Damon wants to • men and women. Box 1169. Box 7684. MD 21218.. no. "News from the Sisterland" is issues of concern to lesbian feminists. September 1975. Box 7124. As coverage of feminist publi. 1 (Nov.5O/yr. ters of Bilitis. Los Angeles. academic feminists. psychology. 419 Boylston St. Chicago IL 60660.50/copy. publishes a newspaper. $5/ in sealed wrapper or outside U. organizations throughout the U.O.S.S.. Authors paid for their world-wide. A lesbian feminist magazine from the other side of the A quarterly compilation of abstracts of articles about world.50 surface. Free to prisoners and state hospital The first issue of this new lesbian journal is planned for patients. NJ 07023. P. R. _L Women Studies Abstracts. Iowa City.O. London WC1. Free to women in prisons and mental institutions. NY York 10021. $2. 202. GA 30309. but encourage our contributors A remarkable new endeavor published bimonthly. Department of English. lesbian feminist journal publishing essays. Box 5 I. perspective for granted. history. The monthly magazine of the Boston Daughters of Bilitis. $12/yr. New York. women from journals of art. A bimonthly magazine. Box 5025. Ambitious Amazons.50/yr. poetry and occasional fiction. NY 14543. A bimonthly newsletter. GGQ is mixed bag: articles on cookery. $2/copy. publication. Vol. graphics.. New Zea- index. gender identity and BCM/Seahorse. Edited by TL severed from DOB in 1970 to become an independent Daniel Curzon.S. Box 434. The Tide An Annotated Directory" in Amazon Quarterly. no. feminist organizations. . State University of Begun in 1956 by the San Francisco Daughters of Bilitis. $1/ copy. for individuals. $7/ yr. Ill . Fanwood. male homosexuality. graphic essays on subjects of interest to feminists. this should change. AQ will "say goodbye to lesbianism as a focus for East Lansing MI 48823. A quarterly journal "devoted to empirical research in social and biological science and its clinical implications Gay Girl Quarterly (formerly Arena Three). $4/yr. Karen Caviglia. LW prints Midwest lesbian news with commen- The lesbian collective making up AIAW staff no longer tary on lesbian feminist issues of national concern. ' Journal Of Homosexuality. Western. poetry. Desperate Living. New York. West Somerville. Box 811. $. address your comments to Damon at political perspective for the editor believes. P. F publishes local news. and book reviews.-.50 air mail.. We will continue to take a lesbian pay cost of postage: $2. Beginning with Vol..O.. 921 Madison Ave. But they do print pamphlets on book and music reviews. Box 60206. 3 and "The Feminist Press: national coverage. A bimonthly lesbian feminist newspaper in its third year of Ain't IA Woman?. 1975)] gay legal rights. $7. reviews. Focus of the first issue is male—out of revive it. no. no." Lavender Woman. The Ladder. especially informative.PUBLICATIONS A. • The first important lesbian magazine published in U.65/copy. $6/yr. 3. Atlanta Lesbian Feminists Alliance Newletter. Baltimore. stamped envelope for subject list and prices. CW publishes practical information few references to lesbians. Soaring postal costs put TL out occasional poetry on specific issues and problems of gay of publication in 1972. 130 W. B. CA 93740. on lesbianism. This quarterly journal publishes lesbian feminist fiction. 'This checklist owes much to Lesbian Connection's guide to A monthly magazine with Los Angeles area news. v A quarterly journal to the helping professions. to resume in Spring 1975. poetry.. some poetry. " say editors newsletter printing information of interest to lesbians Gina Covina and Laurel Galana. Essential source for Each issue is organized around a theme. for rural women as well as essays. $10/yr. 70 Barrow St. $.80/yr. Free in U. $10/institutions. as its first effort to create a lesbian network.75/copy. No feminist or cation subscription. for individuals.O. Foreign subscribers discussion or debate.5O/yr. P. Box 1.S. 3 published a listing of lesbian contributions. for individuals. Tomato Publications. Fresno. $4/yr. 4. $4/yr. . some lesbian organizations in Vol 1. and occasional book reviews.". 2 (April Organizations. Homosexual Counseling Journal. religion. $8. P.$25/institutions. Haworth Press.S. $15/ library edition including annual The Circle. black studies. Send self-addressed. LC is a to write/create what passionately interests you. $7/institutions. Waterloo Quay. California. MA 02116. 323. Wellington. Lesbian Tide. and CountryWomen. $5/for charter subscription available until October 3 1. and essays. poetry. for individual. NV 89503. A monthly newsletter published by the New Jersey Daugh- tutions. L!. R. alternative sexual lifestyles. cations increases. ALFAN publishes news of local interest. If you would support a new TL with a pre-publi- 14 contributors only two are women. 373 N. Rush. Reno. Gay Publications. Gay Literature." Scholarly. IA 52240. P. rates and postage. for women's studies plus book reviews and occasional biblio. $1. The. Inquire about U. short stories. Lesbian Connection. Washington Station. England. 1. Focus. and photographs.

NY 11568.DISTRIBUTORS on the national and international feminist scene. Catalog no. Stevens Ave. P.". Elysian Fields. LMDF reports about lesbian mother custody cases and Seattle women's organizations. this list first appeared in Booklegger Magazine. 12 W. 2509 Telegraph Ave. D. ment papers avoid: CIA spying on the women's movement. 81-13 Broadway.. women. Collective defunct. Montreal H2T 3A7 *Diana Press. S prints local news plus articles. 4213 West Bay Ave. Canada. Excellent source for feminist press books.. The Feminist Press. FTF offers approximately 2. for individuals. 7. A Feminist Quarterly. Minneapolis. Box 60206. Fund. Inquiries to Magic Circle Press. Cambridge.75/copy. Washington. 280 Bloor St.45/copy. Excellent on the stories that establish. Thorough. $. c/o Lesbian Resource Center. S.50/copy. The grandma of feminist newspapers.. $. rediscovered fiction. CA 94101. thoughtful reporting written from an uncompromising feminist perspective. Columbus. only lesbian organization in Europe fiction. England. and scientific Works. 27 Smith St. $4. CA 90048. 162-1 1 Ninth Ave.. Several of the editprs are lesbians. The Lesbian Mother's National Defense Station.• Island. that lesbianism is an integral part of feminism. R. in the Palo Alto area. OH 43210. ber 1974.. Off Our Backs. Feminist Book Marl. 14 . Oakland. $12/institutions. Box 8265. 305. poetry. Special orders welcomed. the Virago. Reno. MA 02138. Auburn. CA $6/yr. for individuals. and book reviews. No. $10/overseas. for individuals. Paris.. Sappho. The 1975-76 catalog &Mexico. 28 1 entries Sisters. Suny/Old Westbury. Wollstonecraft. Sappho Publications Ltd. $. San Francisco. articles. Catalog free. 11373.50/yr. publication by Spring 1975. LTC publishes news on Mon. $5/yr. NY 10009 LMDF also publishes a series of educational pamphlets. Inc. lesbian fiction. Stanford. $7/yr. 20003. A newsletter publishing information of interest to women * Daughter's Inc.O. Washington. Granma Books & Periodicals. Purple Cow. 20009. 25th St. 1963. Last issue Decem. Plainfield. 94618. Each selection. Station E. magazines. Long treal gay women. Los Angeles. 2104 First Things First: Books for Women/A Femail Order House. $7/institutions & overseas sub.500 titles plus posters. 2 all have been active in the movement. $13/overseas. London. London SW3 4EW..85/yr. W. **Naiad Press. Inc. MD 21218. Lesbian Collective. ** Publishes exclusively lesbian materials. Box 3321. lists prose. L4. 5 (July/Aug 1974). . $2/copy is divided by subject categories. Q wel. 240 Camden High St.. Box 5025. 402. 94305. 63 Avenue des Gobelins.. counseling and on news of local interest. autobiography..O. P. MN 55404.. women's mu- comes manuscripts from feminists across the country and sic. Booksellers. etc. Editions Des Femmes. first of which is "Male Children—A Lesbian Mother's Per- spective. 138 Mt. Tampa. Whitestone. c/o The Ladder. P. book reviews. CT 06878. FL 33616. NY Payment must be sent in sterling by international money order. in the lesbiana section. New York. *Violet Press. BCM/Petrel. OOB has a sharp eye V . Box 334. Long Time Coming. stamped envelope with inquiry. NV 89503. . 31 Chapel Lane.C.O. comes requests for books not listed. Free to prisoners and those in^nental 70513. hospitals. L5.O. $15/institutions. Chicago. and pamphlets women in prison. *Women's press collective. The OOB collective takes for granted on feminism and gay liberation.45 unsealed. bibliography. cassette tapes. Published irregularly. Need women interested in handling graphics^'news.FEMINIST PUBLISHERS 2 * Publishes lesbian materials. London. Washington Mom's Apple Pie./ . The one on gay titles is 3 • pages. Box 8843.. 6399 Wilshire Blvd. print. Compendium Book Shop. Seattle. NW. IL 60660. out-of- Daughters of Bilitis. Special subject lists available. A collective women's distribution house begun in January Quest. Canada's only lesbian paper. DC 20003. So's Your Old Lady. . Riverside. IV . CA Canadian Women's Educational Press. An extensive selection of books. and distribution. Catalog costs $2. P. or rare are available. Many titles from Foster's SVWIL A monthly magazine published by the San Francisco and Damon's LIL which are difficult to locate...C. PQ. France scriptions.Lesbian Visions. WCIV 6XX. Send self-addressed. P. 1005 Market St. issue is organized around a theme announced well in advance of publication.. University Station. but reorganizing. Box 9041. including third world Publishing feminist political analysis and ideology. V t 05667. Alice James Books. An occasional newsletter publishing articles about peer CA 94704. Prices usually steep. Books must the world who will contribute to the process of seeking be non-sexist and non-rascist to meet the broad criteria for answers and asking questions about feminism. address above. 5251 Broadway. Washington. drama. Columbus Gay Women's Peer Counseling. Berkeley. Box 398. D. England NW1. Totonto. Box 161.O. A bimonthly journal publishing poetry and essays. buttons. $7/Canada. 1724 20th St. But for two additions. literary criticism.. $8/Canada records. To resume **Lavender Press. EF wel- poetry. WA 98109 United Sisters. overseas surface scaled. 2446 Lorentz Place N. biography. Free. Elmhurst. Ontario. Baltimore. NY 11357. A monthly lesbian feminist publication launched by the Homosexuality in Literature.

NY 12469. NALLW serves the women's inquiry. A small private collection. and reevaluate women's experience as it is defined by women. Holdings include 300 books in the lending library collection. WM A is should honor the archives' requests for free subscriptions or not open to the public.. ment and gay liberation. request. Reprints available at minimal cost. Preston Hollow. K. write Liza Cowan. Materials will not circulate. Bonnie Thorcen's briefly annotated listing in liooklegger Magazine 2 (Jan/Feb 1974). The. grate- fully accepted. 20 titles of lesbian and women's movement studies. stamped envelope with A collective of 4 women. Formed largely through the efforts of Ms. Catalog costs $2. Temporarily housed at Route 1. TN Distributors and publishers. Box 1258. 3523 Halsted. Inc. Contributions. 1973. ecology. and marriage. of feminist revolution. grate- politics. Northwestern University Library. The collection possesses materials from the of titles will be available September 1975. Collections housed in university libraries should For additonal women's collections in university libraries see pay the subscription rate for institutions. sexuality. Box 86031. buttons. files from the Women's History Research Center at Berk- It is the opinion of this writer that newspapers and journals eley.. monetary and material. New York. Evans- ton. education. . Brochure now Women's Suffrage Movement in England in the 1890's. For information. Especially use. current publications on the women's movement contain. IL 60201. A book list of lesbian feminist titles available on Chicago. Women In Distribution. For information. the women's collection at NUL—when lesbian culture—works created by lesbians. ftf Lesbian Herstory Archives.. and emphemeral materials. DC NUL has an extensive collection on the women's move- 20003. poetry. feminist. P. posters. subject folders. public. NY 10021. A slick enterprise whose fully accepted. although its main concentration is post-1960. Information newspapers (some of the serials date back to 1969 and found in these collections is unavailable in the public libraries The Ladder dales back to 1958). memoirs. For free catalog. monetary and material. P. autobiographies. a small audio collection. A complete catalog eral material. KI has compiled a list of 37059. selections tend to be the bestsellers of movement literature. This lesbian feminist collective organized its book store in The New Alexandria Library for Lesbian women.. NUL is open to the media.Know. to use the archives will be asked to present a statement of ful for hard-to-locate articles. Individuals wishing presses. and a reference women lists books on film. and magazines. The subject index files are not yet in order. 10001.O. Dowelltown.O. biographies about put together with the serials from the Women's History lesbians. write LHA at NY address.O. PA 15221. 2545 Seegar Ave. Holdings include 50 newspapers Wholesalers for small press and independent publishers. Labyris. It will enable us to analyze The White Mare Archive. of which 23 are current subscriptions. Special Collections. New York. and the lesbian public. about 250 books by and university libraries whose patriarchal bias has systematic. NY 15 . diaries. The existence of these archives is one of the most positive aspects of the women's movement.R. A collective of 5 women. Contributions. approximately 200 655 Madison Avenue. When university libraries do have NY city dating 1971-1975). community. P. underground. and lesbian collection of 839 different titles. women. numberous regional folders on lesbian Published three times a year. while holdings are catalogued. MSS Information Corp. they are essential to the healthy growth of women's newsletters. Cincinnati. WMA's holdings include 38 Such collections are the foundation on which a feminist culture titles of lesbian and women's movement magazines and can build. Roberts. LHA will collect and preserve ing newsletters. many pamphlets and a great deal of emphem- WID offers bulk rates to retail outlets.S. they are usually not available to the biography files. write purpose in order to facilitate contact between women engaged address above. Roxanna Siefer who VI-ARCHIVES contacted persons involved in these movements and encour- The purpose of each of the archives is to collect and preserve aged their donations. this catalog by women for feminist organizations throughout U. news Research Center—creates a women's history periodical clippings from establishment. a few such special collections. and any materials that are relevant to the lives and experiences miscellaneous publications of organizations and women's of lesbians. IL 60647. newspapers. journals. available on request. in research. ' make it a policy to give preference to those which arc open to the public. Box 8858. collection. Materials do not circulate. fliers announcing women's events (mostly from ally denied our herstory. of womanspirit. Send self-addressed. Washington. Pittsburgh. law. write J. OH 45225. magazines. journals. For information. 45 lesbian and feminist papers on file Women's Guide To Books.

but it sive" material to a good deal of very plain lying or overlooking has. she remembered that she knew of possibly to. the collecting of Lesbian literature. praise be. She examines a number of fairly typical inadequate to the point that no single tide could be considered Lesbians in various age groups. Ms. sometimes. R. and by age twenty-three I was well into what had unfortuanle title but certainly the major and most delightful become a lifetime passion. The non-fiction in the field was inaccurate and they had validity. and the other. One she clearly remembered as an excellent example. scure privately printed memoirs and autobiographies. males. —an subject. social backgrounds. In the biographical field—at least that book often wished for-one that could be given to one's published by regular trade publishers and discounting the ob. women's press publi- popular euphemism for the girl I was crazy about) and I dis. or dependent upon. when or apology. for which she could novel. Alas. while not specifically directed to Lesbians. provide all the answers. The occasional scholarly attempt to deal buried references to the many famous women who were Les- truthfully with distinguished Lesbians. knew. are of enormous value to that audience. a very small scale with possibly a dozen fiction titles on the This same story is the genesis of her novel. however. and the reaction of the past-middle-age librarian on whom we even some portions of the debated and debatable Ms Magazine. reason behind the woman's success in a world that is almost 16 . Klaich includes a basic historical survey of the first edition of The Lesbian In Literature was published. even the Among the many mainstream titles in recent years there better written among them. and I wish I could record here include such items as the new magazine. There are even. primarily using literary there were over 2. in the days before 1970. Even when my shelves held nearly 1000 titles. The last named as it seemed to be pronounced. did such a title had less than 100 books with personal meaning for me. a few books for teenagers dealing I told my mother. and worth mentioning. involved mining. Five years later. magazines. R. met with alternate in effect. and when they were. the heterosexual society could "enjoy" the rewards scorn and screams from the critics. There were almost no major biographical culls from their replies to her own questionnaire a sampling studies available (despite the bits and pieces scattered through of ordinary Lesbian response to queries. In 1967.000 titles in it and it was fairly inclusive. Lesbianism as a cultural phenomenon. Scholarly anthologies of of whatever life work was involved without acknowledging the poetry were seldom limited to women. But many of the books. with women whose accomplishments are in no'way connected daughter session. sprang our query. as is the same author's teenage Lesbian The Well Of Loneliness. Some of the new Library would. whose Nebula Award-winning short story. as sources. I had become a collector on "When It ("hanged". Failing that.. biography.there Possibly the next greatest need was in the field of Lesbian was a practice. readability and the same period of time the changes have a very different im. I enjoyed what I was reading. etc. years later. by Rebecca Patterson. it is lost to memory. indeed. Yet in all "scientific" theories that have spring up through the ages and those titles there were four basic major areas that were not points out why they are of no particular use. parents to read. appear-Dolores Klaich's fine Woman Plus Woman. most notably through the Geyer. Admittedly there were indications that Stonewall Uprising of 1969 heralded the visible literature as such a book was likely when books like Del Martin and Phyllis well as the more visible life style. Attitudes It is a popular conceit in gay liberation circles that the Toward Lesbianism. Knudson's Zanballer is two books I might enjoy. I ordinary Lesbian. the new wave of women's liberation. I had something to read at least. I decided to find out what strictly formal literary ways. by means such as readily-avail- the books had to say about such things. but 1 submit that came out. long a pioneer in less-than-popular views . when I finally got around to thinking out the These needs are beginning to be met.WHEN IT CHANGED they did not deal at all with the privately well-known fact that a large number of women in the field of poetry are Les- OR. Luckier than many. At twelve. To suggest. No such book was possible. Lesbian science fiction novel to date. There wore very few available literature for the young Lesbian of today as opposed women in these pages who seemed similar to the women 1 to the earlier literature about Lesbians. Womensports. The more esoteric field of science provide only a very garbled description. in-depth research to find the of relevant facts. You Are The Rain. and in addition to fact that I preferred girls to boys. ranging from the "subtle" handling of "explo. is the hundreds of books). turned out to be. Not until 1974. were often about things seemingly are four new publications that seem to me to epitomize the unrelated to the ordinary daily life of what I became fond of changes I've cited and to point up the difference in terms of calling "the garden variety Lesbian". Woman Plus Woman succeeds beyond most while the changes for Lesbians and Lesbian literature date from of our wildest dreams in combining accuracy. The most pressing need through the years. provided me with the title for this article. thorough examination of the subject without special pleading petus. Female Man. even assuming available. Of Lena has made a giant stride or two. Marcia Davenport's quiet variant classic. or speculative fiction. has but I was still without a basic historical literature about my has been for a non-fiction title that deals accurately with the own life. find a few parallels in the pages. author Joanna Russ. We had trade magazines. This may well be true for Lyon's Lesbian/Woman and Bettie Wysor's The Lesbian Myth male homosexual literature and life styles. She routinely examines and debunks the various the subsequent years of searching have shown. Of Emily Dickinson. clearly. and 1 could. But. My best friend (a able pamphlets. that a'book of HELP OF LITERATURE literary criticism would appear dealing exclusively with major Lesbian writers and the ways in which this fact of their lives by Gene Damon influenced their work and literature in general would have created laughter. at seventeen. such as The Riddle bians. This has always been a rich vein to mine. whose past has been obscured or unmentioned so that. and after we went through the mother. cations of Lesbian poetry on an enormous scale and some cussed it for a time and decided a trip to the Detroit Public small press publication of Lesbian fiction. Here. undoubtedly. per se. already discovered the multi-syllabic word ho-mo-sex-you-al. newsletters. GROWING UP GAY IN AMERICA WITH THE bians. certainly.

Willa says Ms. (though well-known for many years book. Dorothy for editor Beth Hodges. Claire Morgan and Gale Wilhelm (and some front. There is little question also delightful to the knowledgeable reader. Secrest presents her subject to tributors. Ms. and finally the wunder- the reader as she was—a brilliant. those that deal in depth with their soft-pedal her personal life or to take the opposite tack and individual subjects. the women directing their own lives. difficult. May Sarton and Maureen Duffy. completed too early to include the Klaich book. as well as relatively minor con- hedging or glossing over. Among the women mentioned are Djuna "a scholarly trip". Rule. Twenty. Gertrude Stein. in effect. even ten years ago. though. Rita Mae Brown. subjects of the work are Lesbians. This Woman Plus Woman. Margaret Anderson. She then goes on to analyze the works of these or surmise. Elizabeth About two weeks after I had agreed to write this article Bowen. this would have been a lesser well-established novelist. though it is sur- in my mind that without the influence of the "new view" of prising to find Isabel Miller referred to as Alma Routsong. A book of literary criticism and biography has with a summary of religious and social attitudes towards the come out. The book includes a title to be emphasized here. Overall. even it pales in the field.wholly without opportunity for women as a group. readers might wish for more lengthy coverage of these four exemplifies the new look in Lesbian biography. major Lesbian writers: Radclyffe Hall. These writers did these things. no supposition in cultural bias. The truth-telling facets of the book are to emphasize its more bizarre aspects. I received a review copy of the fourth Baker. and this is why. Brooks is a genuine joy. Highsmith (when this is both well-known and often in print). this is a book that will is a collective biography and literary examination of twelve be sought out for the sense of pride it provides as much as for writers who are all Lesbians. yet bluntly up. Vita Sackvjlle-West. Between Me and Life. openly beginning with the salient point that the Lesbian and a personal evaluation of criticism and its built. Rule's opinion) a sep- taking what one Lesbian publication recently referred to as arate chapter. Rita Mae Brown Photograph by Laima Turnley Copyright by Laima Turnley 17 . Gather. Without any women at some future time). A measure of its in the movement. The great beauty and strength of Lesbian Images with Romaine Brooks might well have felt compelled to either lie in the major chapters. and her celebrated Ruby- woman. The final chapter of the book is a cursory look at non-fiction worthy talent like Ms. a biographer dealing fruit Jpingle. I've never brief overview of current novelists and a summing-up of some minded the work involved. Ms. beside the appearance of Lesbian Images by Jane Rule. Joan Haggerty and Han Suyin. Barnes. Violette Leduc. Meryle Secrest's scholarly. this hasn't been in print in the past to my (' complete and casual reception is its inclusion in the American knowledge) and not to find Claire Morgan cited as Particia Library Association's Notable Books List of 1974. but this is no valid of the contributors of major works in the field whose entire reason to make finding one's own heritage possible only by body of work does not warrant (in Ms. Golette. While the appearance of an individual biography of a note. biography of Rqmaine Brooks. no conjecture. talented and troubled kind of the 1970's. personally. Anais Nin. It is a standard type anthology. Ivy Compton-Burnett. if indeed it had even been published. Rule introduces her subject its knowledge.

Inc. for years. . It beginning to see. will be in that is included in almost every library in the country including college and university bookstores and some large-city book- very small ones. It is entitled The World Split Open: university and college libraries. 1 have listed best-selling book which will be on the shelf in many bookstores them in the order that they are mentioned in the article. life is treated as long as the poet's work is reviewed honestly? are both in print and available from any bookstore. The editor teaches at Hun. it is if your library doesn't have a copy. protect it from the frequently encountered and almost always Joanna Russ's short story. 18 . can be acknowledging process has begun.) ter College and her name is Louise Bernikow. Following is a list of them. hilariously clearly. and it is also in paperback from Bantam have always been here. which got good fairly easily. Iowa 50306 Marion. Jan Watson and Robin Jordan. "When It Changed". 60016. Box 4963 123 Garden Street ' has dared to say publicly what we have all krlown privately— Des Moines. It can also be mail- calm. allow at least five weeks to get the book. . an anthology of poetry The Riddle of Emily Dickinson. we by any bookstore. Nevada. all behind them for you.95 it is not expensive. by Rita Mae Brown. Illinois.25 PLUS 35 cents postage go on another 100 years. with science fiction section of many bookstores. by Gene from Vintage Books. has been a away for them or find them at your library. However. so that even at its inflated special about inter-library loan. It ia not in print. Of Lena Geyer. But somehow. Nebula A ward Stories lies and subterfuges covering over even the most obvious of 8. Zanballer and You Are The Rain. Books (see above) for $. is a 1930's novel Louise Bernikow's book.) title. 10022. was written about can be found in many libraries. the Secrest. Count on delivery taking four Reno. can be ordered by in print in the U. a quality paperback. Inc. The World Split Open. (not specified-about $. by Bettie Wysor. It is a 96-page quality paper. from Random House (editor Isaac Asimov). but it is a frequently stolen book. Cost is $3.O. in the feminist/Lesbian press. Box 5025. Her novel.95 plus handling and postage. We are Dangerous Visions and will be available in many libraries. asking that it be inter-library loaned for you. It is also a title that can be obtained very stores that carry literary material. 1975). Random House. $12. well-intentioned guardians of their rep. by Marcia Davenport. would. There is a covey of protective guardians surrounding the Female Man.O. In times not lisher is Delacorte. Women owe Womensports and MS Magazine are available as follows her much for this book.'s and the Bernikow's. The publisher is Random House. in dozens of paperback and hardcover editions. was—and it may yet Plaines. may be willing to inter-library loan it for you. is directed to teachers of literature in colleges and universities! in most medium-sized to large public libraries and in some But this one is different. your librarian easily special-ordered from any store. is a new Bantam paperback that should be in the literary bones of Willa Cather in Nebraska land—still.00 per year $10. You may also want to try the young 1 far enough past. day and will be in most libraries. can be purchased by N. NO. graphic is also in a paperback edition from New American Library accounts of the degree of damage it has done to young. "We are coining. fifty years ago. The Lesbian in Literature—(2nd edition. another very easily-obtained title if you go to the trouble of 1552-1950. is also published by Double- try to keep a copy or two. chest-beating cry in the closing Woman Plus Woman. alas.. bookstores that will shy away from the title. Washington Station. primarily for her introduction which (or on any newsstand): says a good deal about women poets.95 plus postage and handling mail from The Ladder. 89503. $3. • -j-ft back with about 2500 books listed in it. Plainfield. 05667. Failing that.S.00 per year And why such ado about books? Why care how a poet's R. which is still in models. (It got bad reviews and is not in too many libraries. for $10.Y. Ohio 43302 5 that a vast number of women poets are Lesbians. and we are increasingly proud of it". For the first time some. Radclyffe Hall's prophetic. and is in almost every library. by Jane Rule. 201 East 50th Street. to find such mind-bending labyrinthine fiction section).50). 414 East Golf Road. Des what she obviously. It is part of the price of $3.Y. It is not now Rubyfruit Jungle. incidentally. by Dolores Klaich. The attitude in the main ordered in hardback from Glide Publications in San Francisco might allow a paraphrase of Hall's words. that lady was not ordered from Bantam Books. (There is nothing tage Book. Cost is $1. Between Me and Life. and also found in many libraries.. Most libraries Lesbian Images. P. It is also in the book. published by chapter of The Well of Loneliness. i print and can be purchased from bookstores or ordered by This is not to say that such things are all gone. All of the books talked about in this article can be found unlike the Klaich book mentioned above.00. PRINT your name and address clearly and the Rule's. Doubleday. and it is a Vin. familiar to all who deal with books. most easily by your ordering No. and handling.. though there may be some Your best bets are the feminist bookstores around the country. The pub- Because it diminishes the pride of the reader. * * * The Lesbian Myth. assuring any and all that indeed. though it usually is re-issued\every few mail from Daughters. with the Klaich's. and Simon and Schuster. V-72.00. by Rebecca Patterson.. It can also be ordered from The Well of Loneliness by Radclyffe Hall has been issued the publisher. Knudson's books. by author or editor. but it is Four Centuries of Women Poets in England and America. people's section of the library if you have access to a large utation seemed to surround each famous woman's image to or medium-sized public library. and some stores may have it on the shelves (in the science be admiring Lesbians. The World Split Open. The us. I doubt it. can be ordered from any bookstore and our name is legion—you dare not deny us". A lot of denying is under the bridge but the Lesbian/Woman. but probably can be obtained easily by inter-library loan. service to which you are entitled at your local library.. "We are here. publisher (where that will help) and how to either send Meryle Secrest's book. reviews. to five weeks. by any bookstore.R. N. is in Again unpalatable truth—that this woman was a Lesbian. is from Random House HEY! WHERE CAN I FIND THOSE BOOKS TO READ and can be ordered from any bookstore and found in some MYSELF? libraries. Vermont. Damon. by Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon. Womensports MS Magazine { one possessing the necessary nebulous "scholarly" credentials P.

let alone keep running. replace The Ladder has been Amazon Quarterly. And yes. and worst of all. the new post- Lesbians than the sad portrayal of our lives presented in Rad.'. Our The Ladder almost infallibly showed exquisite taste in its first attempts were to join forces with the straight women's selection of stories and poems—taste which proved to me that liberation movement or with existing gay male presses. The main problem then. interviews. Gene Damon. worker for the Lesbian ino"~.lot was why the one national pre-Stonewall magazine (there ably in everyone: And it has taken our own media to get this were also some small newsletters around. and the presentations of us were thus limited to sick. .enl. is a story which should some But as anyone involved in a small press or magazine will day be told in great length by The Ladder's editor. and written about by others— who missed The Ladder or who would again like to rummage usually by straight. were really unjustified in their repression of Lesbian culture. and welfare recipients. liven better news is thai The portrayed only as the male-dominated media would have us Ladder may soon begin publishing again! be seen. but I always publications and underground books (such as Djuna Barnes' felt that while fiction is crucial to Lesbian culture. such as the Ladies Home Journal and by Karla Jay Cosmopolitan. and that for such magazines advertising overruled quality. our including complete sets (for $100). closets (although most Lesbian magazines still are sent this But it was not only the fact that The Ladder was the only way). rather. Box 5025. but also the fact that uprisings before Lesbians started our own publications. Washington Station. Box Not a very nice choice at best and genocidal at worst. In fact. a book which had been of-the-closctness. T he importance of Lesbian-run and owned magazines can. Probably there safer to produce in a hostile world? Was the public more will- were some very early Lesbian publications (most likely private. of a true sense of who we are. This through some back issues. brown ' in the entire universe. something which said "Lesbian" on the cover. and book reviews. been a male left paper. one which would portray real Lesbians in fact and well are of course un-American by virtue of the fact that we usually as in fiction. with organizations such as the Daughters of Bilitis) concentrated But the development of this Lesbian media has been no and survived on fiction rather than nonfiction. as they did almost title in an attempt to boost circulation. In publication was The'Ladder. and the poems of The Lesbian Tide tried dropping the word "Lesbian" from its Martha Shelley still seem as clear to me today. for part of our oppression has been that The Ladder is unfortunately defunct. twenty years ago when I first. mostly connected message out to ourselves and to others. example. one of the finest achievements of the post-Stone. factory workers. we are everywhere. P. which predominantly Therefore. not be overestimated. one of the insufficient for the development of a total culture. although this quarterly has also wall (1969) Lesbian movement has been the creation of our carried some essays. Lesbians joined the straight women. but perhaps my eyes have been clouded by dyke truck drivers. it's not easy to start. il was fantasy. Mass. 02144. since many Lesbians or even potential and book reviews of its era. A complete index to The Ladder is available or in the eyes of our sisters. Although own independent and vast Lesbian media network in which Amazon Quarterly is the best Lesbian fiction magazine around we present our own news with our own analyses of it.ing to tolerate positive fiction about Lesbians because the ly printed and circulated) in the early twentieth century and public could always say that. We As I read The Ladder. T9 . short stories. The Ladder. the most significant pre-Stonewall Lesbian out a strong class analysis was incomplete and insufficient. P. ings) which taught me that either literature or nonfiction with- Nevertheless. and positive stories about us. did not want to use cryptic names such as at one point by only evidence that 1 was not the only Lesbian The Ladder or to mail our magazines out in plain. but again. il alone is Ladies Almanack) existed in France.were permitted to see ourselves in our own eyes Nevada 89503.O.uses short stories and poems. a maga- But whatever the difficulties. there is good news: Back issues. it somehow seems pale and less daring to me than the world through our eyes. commun. For Lesbfcins were intelligent beings who could write magnificent. How The Ladder sur. and it is still an ongoing struggle.O. there has not been a mag. there are cigar-smoking. office workers. our culture. and present Aphra). and we are prob. which had formerly realistic.saw The Ladder. not reality? I perhaps even in the nineteenth or'earlier. Stonewall movement. which began publishing in 1956 any case. publication around (which it practically was) which made The The result was that it was quite a while after the Stonewall Ladder an invaluable magazine for me. straight readers would not walk into a bookstore and buy azine since to rival The Ladder in the quality of its fiction. I saw as my own personal vived and indeed seemed to thrive during the McCarthy era. white males—and not by ourselves. situation has left us deprived of our history. once I became a feminist and.) And to subscribe to .A LOOK AT LESBIAN MAGAZINES overground magazines. soon after. and zine catering to a Lesbian audience..today (and it is certainly better than its straight conterparl icate with one another about our experiences. as now. Reno. a staunch and continued 16 years until it folded. Then 1 was a anything with a "Lesbian" return address was often out of teenager eagerly looking for something more positive about the question for most Lesbians. the results were beautiful. which wouldn't touch pro-lesbian articles. The only post-Sloncwall magazine which altempted to perverted villains or to masculine cigar-smoking truck drivers. The Ladder. when women seized Rat magazine. West Soinerville. and that the regular. Was fiction easy task. which stressed Lesbian visibility and out- clyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness. for we never. The Ladder contained the best Lesbian poems. was circulation. perhaps problemcs o" the United States Lesbian is that our herstory has because I came out of a leftist feminist background (Redstock- been buried by heterosexisthwtorians. we were presented and at the same address for $ 10. one of the things I thought about a are as myriad as the stars. I know that such don't know I he answers to my own questions. but for those of you we have been defined. but we are also professors. are still available from psychology. do not live in nuclear families). 434. tell you. goal the development of a strong and independent Lesbian one of whose features was a wilch-hunl of homosexuals (who press. (Even recently The stories of Jane Rule and Isabel Miller.. explained. nostalgia! doctors^ lawyers. In addition.

The Tide has also tried to center refreshing to get some news with a Canadian perspective (too each issue around a different topic—for example. Another venerable Lesbian publication is Ain't 1 a Woman. NY 10014. Room 202. in the beginning of the seventies. I've found the mere number Tide. Lesbian Connection could Finally. Philadelphia. but four it's hard to keep up with things. The issues have been very professionally put together and laid out on tinted yellow paper. as well as book reviews is one of the only Lesbian . out by Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance. Village Station. But still there was neither time nor energy nor put out by Ambitious Amazons. Box 243. Box 15833.O. I think. Box 811. and the articles have fairly similar viewpoints. York's only Lesbian newspaper at the moment is The Lesbian Another fine Lesbian publication is Lavender Woman. Although this magazine has been publishing for only a year. So we were con. The first of these is The Lesbian tion is becoming a crucial issue. carries predominantly Canadian news but also has reviews and In addition. P. Western Avenue. Lavender Woman is noted for its fine coverage of news all University Station. such as to connect Lesbians all over the country. includes articles on literature and music. One of my favorite newsletters is The Purple Cow. MI 48823. which provides across the country. Martha Shelley. Box Feminist. Although most of the news centers on Phila- delphia and on the people who filter through Philadelphia Charlotte Bunch: An Editor of Quest / Photograph by (there was an interview with Gina and Laurel of Amazon Laima Turnley. But we all.O. From rural New York State comes Box I 169. Lavender Woman has also had news of the Ohio region. This paper has also been Dykes Unite. which. III. Lesbian Nation has grown to such an incredible extent that zines appeared and perished after two or three issues. Chicago. Canada H2T 3A7. What I like mimeo costs. Several maga. and in the past year it has been improving Feminist Liberation but occasionally has an opinion article. and I found it and poetry. Room 323. Iowa City. 373 N.) best about The Tide (and. I've always found this magazine too focused on DOB to be of much interest to me. Quebec. (And even though until the most recent issue (marked by a switch to newsprint). A final magazine which has been around for several years is Focus: A Journal for Cay Women. realized that their coverage of Les. San Francisco. be sure to send them some money for mailing and had slick magazine paper and a well-done layout. produced by the Boston Daughters of Bilitis. CA of announcements in Lesbian Connection to be amazing and 90004. 60206. The Tide also prints various opinions and has no poetry. up on it. and contributions to what was otherwise a totally straight publica. Mass. 1005 MarkeL. sensuality. and if they are success- Everywoman (Los Angeles). greatly and has increased (he number of pages in each' issue. Ohio 43210. Los Angeles. Box 161 toward this magazine since I have been the East Coast Coordin. One other interesting Magazine sponsored by DOB is Sisters. and newspapers which readers might want to tune in to. New but readers can expect The Tide to reappear in the late Spring. Another good regionaKnewsletter issue-oriented numbers. Montreal. Much more recent than these four magazines is Wicce. Lesbian paper. There are also several smaller but interesting Lesbian mimeos due to lack of commitment and energy in the collective. 19103. ful in what they are attempting. exciting. Although my ator for over a year) is that The Tide presents feature articles subscription took such a lo(ng time coming that I almost gave with in-depth analysis. Lansing. its arrival was worth the wait. PA. CA 94103. Lesbian music—so that each issue has Canadian sisters as American appendages). 60660. Suite 401. Ain't I a Woman also printed [ -( extremely interesting feature articles. Wicce is a significant arrival on the Lesbian magazine scene. This paper has also been around This mimeo mostly covers actions by New York's Lesbian 1'or several years now. Copyright by Laima Turnley 20 . (>A 30309. Recently. The Tide has temporarily suspended publication. and I made several Quarterly). which stresses southern news and is put Lavender Woman also contains book reviews and some poetry. the paper has a fine emphasis on culture. Columbus. is ALFA Newsletter. P. notably one on Lesbians and work. and I'm sure other readers will too. Boston. "party line".papers in Canada. E. One of the wonderful things about Ain't I a Woman was its focus on Midwest news at a time when there was very little Lesbian news available from that area. 419 Boylslon Street. Long Time Coming bian happenings all over the nation.I must confess that I am prejudiced Another interesting mimeo is Long Time Coming. issued by the sisters at the State University at around for years despite the fact that it seems to disappear from time to time (whether because it suspends publication or my local bookstore doesn't get it in the mail I can'l say). bians was token at best and that we needed our own exclusively The most exciting recent newsletter is Lesbian Connection. but other sisters might find this magazine exciting. Lesbians started turn out to be the most important publication around because \ to produce our own magazines and newspapers. Box 3321. Station E. Long Time Coming a focus and depth of analysis which readers can really get into. Finally there are the newsletters on the Lesbian scene. and the articles reflect a commitment to quality in their selection. The Tide is a professional-looking magazine. The Lesbian Connection carries brief but informative tent (not really content but we had no other choice) until announcements of events from absolutely everywhere. In the last year. it's free. New York. and centralized communica- significant papers survived. Third^world often Lesbian American chauvinists tend to think of our Lesbianism.and Rita Mae Brown.. Atlanta. 02116. Iowa 52240. Box 7684. and the around 1970 to write for male-dominated gay papers such as producers of this magazine are certainly ambitious! They hope Come Out! (New York) or for feminist-run-papers. carries news and crosscurrents of Les. tion. womanpower nor money in our community.

CA 90291 is supposedly the largest Lesbian magazine in Europe. but since tastes in such matters vary widely. What a beautiful fact. P. on media) tions that I haven't got the space to review them all (or time Quest: A Feminist Quarterly Albatross to read them all!).O. but I am (Emphasis on health issues) Canada (Canadian fem- grateful for the fact that there are now so many dyke publica. N.J. I would like to list some feminist publications. Minn. Fraser Sister Big Mama Rag Box 354. Feminists) Gold Flower Off Our Backs Majority Report P. Sappho Venice. CA 94140 velous three-part series on dyke fashion in history and in (Emphasis on'motherhood) present times.C. WI 532704 ' San Francisco. 20009 New York. Geneseo. BCM/Petrel. New York. Box 8341 1724 20th Street NW 74 Grove Street Lake Street Station Washington. inism. D. 20003 East Orange. This 1628 Winnebago P. The magazine also tries to be the first sensual Herself The Other Woman Lesbian magazine. London WC iV.O. 225 E.C. Station XQ you'll have to judge its success for yourself. (Long political essays) (Mid-East Jersey Radical and events: . Madison. Box 8843. which give some Washington. MI 48108 Toronto 7. And. for sisters who The Women's Center 1724Gaylord Street want to know what's going on in the international scene. Ontario I know I have left out several Lesbian magazines. NY 10021. Box 597 Denver CO 80206 there's Sappho. (The best on the West Coast) Finally. NY 10014 Minneapolis. 55408 (This is the best paper) (Fine news from all over) (Twin Cities news) 21 . Liberty Box 928. for a slick-looking magazine with a totally different Mother Lode focus. 359 East 68th Street.O. P.O. England. emph. issues. 82 South Harrison St. But before closing. 07017 partial and usually fair coverage to Lesbian actions. try Cowrie (the name comes from the Community of Whole Woman Women).Geneseo. D. You can write to them at SUC Geneseo. New York 11454. Ann Arbor. Box 40213 magazine focuses on Lesbian culture and recently had a mar.

PART II REPORTS FROM THE MOUNTAIN: FOCUSES \rt by Sharon Behrends 6-1-75 22 .

IN THE NAME OF ALL WOMEN:
and giving to each other than by competing against each
The National Book Award Speech other; and that poetry—if it is poetry—exists in a realm be-
by Audre Lorde, Adrienne Rich and Alice Walker yong ranking and comparison. We symbolically join to-
gether here in refusing the terms of patriarchal competition
and declaring that we will share this prize among us, to
be used as best we can for women. We appreciate the good
Statement read by adrienne Rich at National Book Award faith of the judges for this award, but none of us could ac-
Ceremony, Thursday, April 18, 1974: cept this money for herself, nor could she let go unquestion-
ed the terms on which poets are given or denied honor and
The statement I am going to read was prepared by three of livelihood in this world, expecially when they are women. We
the women nominated for the National Book Award for poet- dedicate this occasion to the struggle for self-determination of
ry, with the agreement that it would be read by whichever of all women, of every color, identification, or deprived class:
us, if any, was chosen. the poet, the housewife, the lesbian, the mathematician, the
' We, Audre Lorde, Adrienne Rich, and Alice Walker, together mother, the dishwasher, the pregnant teenager, the teacher,
accept this award in the name of all the women whose voices the grandmother, the prostitute, the philosopher, the waitress,
have gone and still go unheard in a patriarchal world, and in the women who will understand what we are doing here and
the name of those who, like us, have been tolerated as token those who will not understand yet; the silent women whose
women in this culture, often at great cost and in great pain. voices have been denied us, the articulate women who have
We believe that we can enrich ourselves more in supporting given us strength to do our work. f t f

NOTHING SAFE: the Poetry of Audre Lorde ( Revise every autumn.
by Joan Larkin One day a strange girl will step
Audre Lorde, The First Cities, The Poets Press; Cables to Rage, To the back of a mirror
Paul Breman; From a Land Where Other People Live, Cutting my ropes
Broadside Press, Dept. M.O., 12651 Old Mill Place, Detroit, Of sea and thunder and sun.
MI 48238, $1.50 plus $ .25 postage; The New York Head Of the way she will taste her autumns
Shop arid Museum, Broadside Press, $3.50 plus $ .25 postage. Toast-brittle, or warmer than sleep
And the words she will use for winter
I first heard the poetry of Audre Lorde on tape. Listening I stand already condemned.
to a program on WBAI-FM produced by my friend Mimi Ander- This was a technically accomplished poet, her language severely
son for Mother's Day 1 972, I heard a voice that stood out from lovely: plain statement fused with rich sensuous image, and
the relative flatness of the rest, melodic and clear in all its phrased as speech.
definitions, and speaking in subtle lyrics of pregnancy, birth
and of a daughter who was growing in her own way. This was I quote these early poems I love, because in them, as in the
Audre Lorde reading from her first book {The First Cities, others in that first book (which contains some poems Lorde
published by Diane di Prima's Poets Press in 1968). From wrote over twenty years ago), are all the threads, carried
"Now That 1 Am Forever With Child": through the other books, of her most recent, seeminly very
different and astonishingly powerful work. These threads
. . . / thought among others are there: birth, which in the,second book, Cables
Now her hands to Rage (Paul Breman, London 1970), begins to extend the
Are formed, and her hair personal to become the global:
Has started to curl
Now her teeth are done Shall I split
Now she sneezes. or be cut down
Then the seed opened. by a word's complexion or the lack of it
I bore you one morning just before spring— and from what direction
My head rang like a fiery piston will the opening be made.
My legs were lowers between which to show the true face of me
A new world was passing. lying exposed and together
my children your children their children
And from "What My Child Learns of the Sea" (about a mother's bent on our conjugating business.
function as teacher): ("Bloodbirth")
and the contradictions of mothering, which by the third book,
She will learn in my twilight From a Land Where Other People Live (Broadside, 1973), has
And childlike become a dominant subject and metaphor.

23

Both From a Land Where Other People Live aiid New York the fruitless peace marches. In Lorde's poems there is no trust-
Head Shop and Museum (Broadside, 1974) contain several worthy rhetoric, no easy sentimentality; the comfort of
poems directly addressed to her children, her mother, other mourning the singer whose death makes her safe and accepta-
women and their children. But the poet's voice is different. ble is disturbed by
It is explicitly concerned with powers-woman, Black, human.
Its context has moved from the generalized (and literary) Six Black children
landscape of earth, seasons, and time to our specific location burned to death in a day care center
in history. The images are urban: phone booths, graffiti, super- on the South Side
markets, luncheonettes, TV's, toilets "made of glass/wired for kept in a condemned house
sound". The environment is filled with the junk and shit— for lack of funds
verbal and physical—that destroys our power and seduces and firemen found their bodies1
drugs our children: like huddled lumps of charcoal
with silent mouths and eyes wide open.
Even though all astronauts are white Small and without song
Perhaps Black People can develop ~~~ six black children found a voice in flame
Some of those human attributes the day the city eulogized Mahalia.
Requiring
Dried dog food frozen coffee instant oatmeal The Audre Lorde who writes to her daughter
Depilatories deodorants detergents ' L watch the hollows deepen above your hips
And other assorted plastic. and wonder if I have taught you Black enough
Even the titles of the poems are more concrete and plain- or who says
speaking, full of sardonic humor: "The Brown Menace or
Poem to the Survival of Roaches", "One Year t o Life on the / believe in love as I believe in our children
Grand Central Shuttle", "A Sewerplant Grows in Harlem or but I was bqrn {Slack and without illusions
I'm a Stranger Here Myself When Does the Next Swan Leave", and whose fourth book begins and ends with poems of respon-
"The American Cancer Society or There is More than One sibility t o children, has developed out of the poet whose first
Way to Skin a Coon." And there is the violence and terrible book included
everyday pain of remembered individual lives, as well as the
tragedies documented in headlines: Malcolm, Birmingham, How the young are tempted and betrayed
To slaughter or conformity
Ls a turn of the mirror \
Time's question only.
("Generation")
She is looking at the same phenomena now as then, but her
voice and perspective have radically altered. The voice of the
young Audre Lorde is lyrical but subdued, her will subordin-
ated to the will of the poem. This relationship is reversed in
her two recent books: the newer poems are the natural exten-
sions of a powerful personality, no longer submerged in the
poem but preceding it and necessary to it. There is greater
assurance and sharper definition—all murkiness is gone:
. . . when I was a child ,
whatever my mother thought would mean survival
made her try to beat me whiter every day
*\
and even now the colour of her bleached ambition
still forks throughout my words
but I survived. ..
•••• , > " • . • . ' • * * ••:• Even when she writes of defeat or uncertainty, she gives the
impression of strength. She can accept her children's separate-
ness from her and the temporariness of her power because
she is here for herself:

my children do not need to relive my past
in strength nor in confusion
nor care that their holy fires
may destroy
more than my failures
Somewhere in the landscape past noon
I shall leave a dark print
of the me that I am. . .
When she writes of her blood children or those who are her
Audre Lorde / Photograph by Jamie Davis children by virtue of human connection, she expresses the
ties we all have to the young-our obligation to tell them truly

24

even what they will change or discard. The theme of the passing
mother's lessons that will be transformed or forgotten by her me out as an ill-tempered wind
children has developed into an acceptance of her own author- lashing around the corner
ity as poet, myth-maker, messenger. It is a role that fills her of 125th Street and Lenox.
with dread: The mature power in Audre Lorde's voice is clear not only
• I am afraid of speaking in the angers and pain she expresses, but in the love poems-
the truth \ rich, physical, sure of what they know:
in a room on the 17th floor And I knew when I entered her I was
^rny body is dreaming high wind in her forests hollow
it sits fingers whispering sound
bottom pinned to a table honey flowed ,
eating perpetual watermelon inside my own head from the split cup
But she knows that her students are waiting impaled on a lance of tongues
for what I am sworn to tell them^ on the tips of her breasts on her navel
for what they least want to hear. and my breath
("Blackstudies") howling into her entrances
through lungs of pain.
When Lorde writes most personally, telling stories from
her life, her experiences become parable-like occasions weighted In a recent note for Amazon Quarterly, of which she is
with meaning for the rest of us, as when she writes, in "To My poetry editor, Audre Lorde describes many selves: "I am
Daughter the Junkie on a Train": Black, Woman, Poet, Mother, Teacher, Friend, Lover, Fighter,
Sister, Worker, Student, Dreamer, Artisan, Digger of the
My corrupt concern will not replace earth, Secret; also Impatient, Beautiful, Uppity and Fat. All
what you once needed these are in her poems: she has more than one song to sing
hut I am locked into my own addictions and more than one voice to sing in. But the selves of her
and offer you my help, one eye poems are one, because they never deny her feelings, however
out uncomfortable or unorthodox, however complex. :
for my own station.
Roused and deprived For how else can the self become whole
your costly dream explodes save by making self into its own new religion?
into a terrible technicoloured laughter ("New York City 1970")
at my failure • • Hers is the most difficult kind of poetry to write, and the
up and down across the aisle i kind most worth having: based in feelings and utterly honest
women avert their eyes about them. I think she might add "Midwife" to her list of
as the other mothers who became useless selves. It's a role she's literally fulfilled (Diane di Prima's intro-
curse their children who became junk. duction to The First Cities says Audre delivered her baby); but
Or when a bus driver with a "captain marvel glance" slows it's also a metaphor for the way her poems come-delivered out
down one rainy morning "and then speeded past without of her body, in pain, in love, -out of the real threads of her,
stopping when he saw my face": moving through our time, through our places. And in her true
delivery of her selves, her self become whole, she delivers us
SHIT! said the king and the whole court strained as well. t f t

WOMEN IN THE COUNTRY
Photographs by Carol Newhouse

Writer under the trees.

. ?:<•

25

tir. 26 . Patti of Cabbage Lane at Indigo: a woman and the house she built. • • " ' ? • • • ' . '• n> t • ' has homesteaded for 3 years in the country.

they is the book's power and beauty and superb functionalism. some from the sturdy consciousness we need to struggle against: the polarizing familiar present of oppression and struggle. If I take over the world. 10019. (p. pleasurable indeed) and vulval worship." —p. sexually. sun is about to rise. even inevitability: "They say. affected me curiously. the alternative. I also felt nervous about which we seldom get to imagine. Wittig insists on reclaim- This makes the book difficult both to understand and to ing all the symbols. It may. N. light. The women say that they perceive their bodies in their THE FEMALE TRIBE entirety. ignore: "They say. it's not We experience these new links in the book's form. and need not start from where we are. by Melanie Kaye They say that they do not want to become prisoners of their own ideology. white/black. We participate in the evolving consciousness of the language the women use. then. . round tables. They say that they do not favour any of its parts on the grounds that it was formerly a forbidden object. 66) invent. remem. David LeVay. . I realize it's a difficult Witting's astonishing book is not. Avon women do not employ hyperboles metaphors. imprison them and to overthrow them/' p. it gives us vision and plugging female content into male forms (idealizing genitals). Make an effort to remember. New York. They say ". The narrative consciousness of the partiarchy which divides the world into (?) is determinedly non-linear. richly sensual but simple. . some of which seem to come from granted or left us by them? This would be to recapitulate a the prehistory of dominant female culture. This then they say that they could not eat animals. strictly speaking. in case we hadn't guessed. They Books: 959 Eighth Avenue. that a great wind is sweeping the earth. serpents. "The sun is about to rise". to recognition of the gardens. we engage in the process of reclaim- will not fit its categories. chal." consciousness. . "Lesbian book to quote out of context because the context demands Literature. That is. Wittig tackled the not in two's or three's or any such predictably-sized relation. Thus we confront the slack mus. and—finally—violently for example. all its energy attention being lavished on my genitals not as receptacle pours into constructing a consciousness and a community (vagina: lit." It's not about women loving women.65. at least that we re-define word. on dissolving illusory opposition: "I say talk about."''(p. whether men live or die. "x" and "non-x" (god/devil. 57. does and as my nervousness grew. I say that that which is not also is. but exposed. they no longer have reality will free us." —p. some from & bizarre mode of thinking which is itself product and agent of the very technologically-sophisticated future. problem of writing with words and symbols created by men ship. mind/body. sensual pleasure (very they invest conventional symbols and myths—sun. because it is counterpart made me feel naked. associa- The book is constructed in brief present-tense non-climatic tion^ which god's own begotten soil (sun) only reinforced.). trans. to use only the symbols which have been incantatory. male/female. failing that. mine/not mine. 14) Reading the book. It also illuminates the tenacity of western male that that which is is. irresponsibly achronological. $1. 114). antithetical stroke to the phallic cul. let those who call for a new language first ture we all grew up in. 97). politically. say that all these forms denote an outworn language. warring in our heads with this material which (p. power. and weighted with their history. 137) t t t begins to change: 27 . How many learn violence. in the tired still- suggested the extent to which I am unaccustomed to literary male-dominated politically-sluggish seventies. symbols. Les Guerilleres. They say that the ber that. myths. think/ defying our attempts to locate cause-and-effect relationships. In speaking of their genitals the Monique Wittig. . the consciousness of the tribe the weapon exist that can prevail against you?" (p. It is about the female tribe. .. to peculiarly calm flashes of victory ("The informs us that nothing less than total transformation of women say. in the new meaning with which tribe from immersion in female culture. . the collective woman. 115) harsh political fact which we who work with words sometimes The vulval worship. but man. depicting scenes. . They say." (p. 89) •• / Reading over the preceding passage. There was a time when you were not a slave. Is paratactic sentences and paragraphs. ing: "They say. lenging culturally. between myself and the world. 85) Finally. trained to apprehend the world sess myself of it immediately. let it be to dispos- culature of our own minds. my discomfort fantasy. though the book has no plot.. They say everything must begin over again. with male consciousness. . ." (p. 107) On the other hand. a sense of possibility. . and rationality.Y. feel. has from Apollo on (and earlier) been associated the structures of the patriarchy.. in the static. . even—especially—zero (from "nothing" necessity of seizing power. let it be to forge new links in only one of several possible ways. let those who want to change the passages have I/we read hymning male genitals? Yet the female world first seize all the rifles. to a cathartic and terrifying rage to the vulval ring to "the perfect circle that you invent to ("The women say that they could not eat hare veal or fowl. "sheath") but as organ. yes. Or. It points to a power. .

had its flaws of sibility of a primal commitment which includes sexual elitism and passion for mea bulpa. the next essay is Ti-Grace Atkinson's "Bitch: Summer's Not Forever". New York. One of them. et at. Harris tells us. and lesbian motherhood. through 19th century ship between lesbianism and feminism: newspaper articles. keep her separate from her sis. Come Out!. they readily accord to men. by a woman who describes "Lesbianism and Feminism". having at last a forum through which to share. Nationality of Their Lesbianism: Lesbian Society in Paris in ters. a feminist response to quietly fade out of sight. "The Parable of the les. consciousness-raising of GLF women in early 1 970. Phyllis. $1. its founders write. ' : Come Out!: Selections from the Radical Gay Liberation Newpaper. and lesbian love—the only real lesbian society the male culture.) "The Vision and essay which remains one of the best statements of the relation. $2. self-awareness. Amazon Expedition: a Lesbian-' feminist Anthology. Bertha Harris' "The More Profound into a less militant stand. times change and with them their demands. the Radicalesbians' 1970 which suggests that the poet was a lesbian. men and family-then to that extent she is controlled by the good life. New York. Another. 1973. f 'ft 28 . (Times Change Press. keep her from giving primacy to anything other than the 1920's. New York. Times Change Press. Come Out! and Amazon Expedition arc welcome The book is neatly put together. poems. Persecution of Aurora Phelps" reveals. own lives. Come Out! contains essays. Other essays deal in the movement who wish the 'old-line homosexuals' would with misandry. Mothers and Daughters". eds. all the knowledge we can gather of our sisters three or Woman-identified women populate Amazon Expedition." The statement is certainly borne out by the two publications of this press which are of special interest to lesbian feminists. discrimination." ed Dickinson only in male-oriented classrooms. "Times change and with them their possibilities. . free at last to articulate their lives. a woman committed to creating and de- fending a matriarchal community in Massachusetts a hundred As long as the label 'dyke' can be used to frighten women years ago. which expresses the relevance herself as a 'drag butch'. "Emily essay ends with the hope that GLF will be able to hold toge. new pride. (Patterson is But the direction the movement has followed is suggested in also the author of The Riddle of Emily Dickinson [ 195 1 ]. and its material reflects the anger.25. The earlier book. by women) from the radical gay newspaper of the same name. Hart's Three of the essays help us reconstruct our past. 1970. 1023 Sixth Avenue. "The Woman-Identified Woman". and all the photos. New York 10011) . comes from the I Ching line. beginning with Florence because they give us some of that knowledge.WOMAN-IDENTIFIED by Deborah Core Birkby. and photos (about half the writing. by Lois Hart. The culture. they will be denying themselves the love and value these women and their world created a bridge we can use." shows us beautifully a culture devoted to art. Times Change Press. Indeed. women and madness.25. since Sappho's. Rush's overview of Women's situation. These essays are almost all highly personal stories of hass. knowledge of love. Until women see in each other the pos. should be required reading for those of lesbianism to the feminist movement. Dickinson Feminist" by Rebecca Paterson will be a revelation ther and become "a truly nuclear community of the New to students of literature who have heretofore read and discuss- World. . Writers write from their Copyright by Laima Turnley own experiences. nonetheless. fifty or a hundred and fifty years ago helps us to create our This excellent anthology explores lesbian culture and politics. defiance. A third essay. discusses the the sexual abuse of children. and joy of the early i Bertha Harris / Photograph by Laima Turnley days of the gay liberation movement. came out in 1970. The name of the Times Change Press.

with the area of the battlefield we are survey- Wander over the desolation of many generations. and the entire design of the book. ing. ccxxix-cclvix." The same is true of her writing. from one country to another.) we hope to move forward in our own behalf? Ti-Grace does Johnston. 1972. and Allen Young. that liberation was going to be easy. alludes to a ache. how can we possibly 403 pp. New York: Links male-dominated society. with the issue of abortion. thereby. But she has at least begun the mapping and exploration of the territory that we occupy. must be voluntarily entered. we her ideas. Stanley tools for ending our oppression.95. a collection of her articles from The Village Voice. me as a Lesbian." to a of my life. As Rarla warns us in her Foreword: ". and what least. seeking methods and by Julia P. and an International Direc. no end to that journey. and these articles tell us . because must reiterate that gay liberation offers no line. no pat answers: she has a way of asking the questions that most of us would we offer only ideas and questions. because they touch on different boundaries from a Lesbian's letter to her mother. visually. . Links Books has perceptions and associations so quickly that you will begin to made it happen for three of our writers. to the designs on each page (by Barbara Nessim). how can tory of Gay Organizations. she promises us a travelogue. Her own odyssey began. There is an entire section devoted to "Lesbians attempt at defining the boundaries of the on-going Battle. sense that we might understand that. editors and. from the issue of leaders and "stars" within an invaluable record of the personal processes in which we the feminist movement to her own controversial (and sometimes are involved in the 1970's. the asking of image as a sentence vehicle than as a report from the wild.D." Well. nomads of Revolution touch. and. to make a realistic assessment of the opposing forces. To the extent that it is possible to encom. which includes "The 29 . Many of the struggles Ti-Graee has been one of the most controversial figures in recorded in this collection both personal. . so that we are caught up be voluntarily entered. $4. 1974. their definitions. . from its cover to have permanent dwellings. Ti—Grace. events. However covert. Amazon Odyssey docu- alteration of impression serves to expedite the generation '_ ments the scope of one woman's political reach.95. Gullible's Travels. uncomfortable questions. non-fiction. and we will have to come to terms Books. ted it. New York: Links Books. a static. her dead ends. too often. exploring the "roots of the oppression of women". Amazon Odyssey. In her title.'no one ever said rather not hear. as such. She has given us her own problems." and. Acknowledgments with that reality in order to get on with the creation of our and Afterword. plan where we would like to be tomorrow? If we are unwilling tion. absolute. in the course of reading this book. (Gullible's Travels. not pretend that her own probings approach "truth". In her Afterword. Ti-Grace reminds us that "A book unreadable) self. There is no way. in fact.95. because of her telling of it. the feminist movement. because a lot of what an existence in print. Among the essays I found absorb- fixed. 283 pp. Amazon Odyssey and exactly what we get.but more important I was more involved in using the and she has undertaken. Out of the Closets: Voices male war-machine and the Pentagon than it is Ti-Grace's. once an idea has been given expression and I don't understand what she's saying. across journey familiar to many Lesbians. primarily because she makes it easy Baby Butch". perhaps that is more the responsibility of the Jay. 226 pp. and they move us through and "R. by Jill Johnston. New York: Links Books. examining NOMADS OF REVOLUTION terms. Each of these books is the United States. All three of the books offer something to ogy that covers the spectrum of the politics of gay liberation. in a style that often gives me a head- : Gullible's Travels. Karla. and media." But I'm still not a specific amount of space on our bookshelves (or the floor)." In "The Holy the issues. But the authors of these books ing are: "Women & Film.. keeps us in We. Paper. During moments of acute motion sickness. we are tempted to treat that idea as she writes makes sense to me. their ideas. "Happy Birthday. i-xv. Which probably means For some reason. . their referents. violence is a real part of the lives of women in a Atkinson. There may be of new sentences which in turn change our lives. $4. we tend. and the third. with a "stockpiling of losses". and experiences that shaped Spirit Lucid in New York. If of Gay Liberation. Out of the Closets. Jill speeds us along. refuse to allow us this self-deception. Each of her papers is an we discovered. —Rita Mae Brown. and disagreement can lead to dislike. It in those processes. false starts. $3. we do not know where we are today. and collective.. . is undoubtedly her best book It is surely no accident that two of the books published by to date. "Leaving the Gay Men Behind" - to disagree with her. p. wonder who is gullible. Paper. and the Women's Liberation Movement". . Ti-Grace documents for us the process of creating her book. in the book at where we've been. document on many levels the complexities of the gay libera- and dislike can lead to attack. If we find Ti-Grace's tactics and strategy-charts "distasteful". what we did while we were there. Whether or not you agree with tion mpvement. and ends. The Misleek of Sighcosis. That she has no answers to her erness which is'still the idea and why even the slightest questions should come as no surprise. Paper. the surfaces on which she The dead are the only people has touched. however the rhetoric of non-violence may appeal to us. 79) Gullible's Travels." "Hurricane Bella Sweeps Country". she certainly deserves respect and admiration." Jill observes that "Fantasy must their lives and. Laing. with insight and care. concrete object that occupies recognizes my propositions as senseless. to forget that we are. Jill. sure what Jill meant by "senseless". Amazon Odyssey is the more Karla Jay and Allen Young have provided us with an anthol- valuable to me. . relationships. in any 1974. to I clung to one sentence: "S(he) who understands me finally see it as a "product". eds. public forum on the Vcnceremos Brigade. engaged in a war. t own culture. and that's Links advertise themselves as journeys. "Dear Mom. And she will take you through pass processes within the covers of a book. (Includes a Selected bibliography of fic. i-xxiv. in Out of the Closets: Voices of Gay Liberation. is the home of an idea. as she has documen. "Epistle to Tasha" however disguised.. unchangeable.

Lesbians have never had a "history". The contributions of Lesbians within the gay liberation movement content of other sections in the anthology accurately reflects have been in the area of "togetherness' issues. and now we have out of a total of seven). (Revolution. "The Man's Law".) t t t If PART III THE POINT PARK ISSUE Art by Sharon Behrends 30 . too. involvement of Lesbians in for the section on Lesbians and the Women's Movement. and it tells us where "Moving Together". "Manifestos". I think this is an accurate representation. out where we can pitch a tent every once in awhile. For there would be very few Lesbian voices heard. for example. All three of them are books about "ideas and bution to each. but at least we have places and Roles" there are only two contributions by Lesbians. the Media". "Join Us!". I am left with the impression that the primary Hoboken. they are books about our past. in the first section. My own reading of these books has left me with a lot to flicts with the larger society. Lesbians make only one contri. A-Round Trip Ticket" by Rita Mae Brown. some of the struggles of the gay liberation movement. I think we have a founda- only one Lesbian.. Lesbian contributions outnumber those we weren't. Hlaine. and "Gay People vs. In "Cuba: Gay as the Sun". there is one. in the sections on "Gay People questions". no Lesbians ary tourists can park their campers. In the final section. think about. and in the section on "Sex have "permanent dwellings". but it's our first opportunity to look back from where 'Professionals' ". But in those sections dealing with political con. and the eighth section. As I've said. and she was a participant in the tion for constructing our future in the present. If it were not the peripheral. of gay men. With our past recorded for us. (in which there is only one Lesbian article we are. We may not forum on the Venceremos Brigade. Woman-Identified Woman" by Radicalesbians and "Hanoi to are mentioned. example. We can learn something from our silences. of eight articles. sometimes token. albeit the recent vs. the past.

and Madame Binh. She learns of My Lai when the Writing for—and increasingly about—women. $ . 1974)." She under. Stare at an empty space and imagine her there. words. \ has been pondering the social order ' While some women with children give up serious work or and her worried thoughts - relegate it to a poor second place. guilty at the sight of her daughter's With my first book I did some of the printing. small and sometimes the demands originating in the You never see her at night. Letter (poetry. while others reveal their slow motherhood only on their books' biographical blurbs. She communicates her child got sick" and proceeds through a list of chores. tired of the kitchen being dirty. available from Serendipity. $1. • from Feminist Press. but. . . 15 November 1974) A feminist.constantly—her own tiredness: . [her] work. Old Westbury. she had begun to think her life trivial and she lived to redress her grievances. a friend of mine waited . There are a number of women's presses which require that the woman with children the poet involve herself in the process and 1 have never because she cannot be here to speak printed with those presses and it is because I earn my living for herself. Two windows). women's movement are no more sensitive to that problem. She manages in "I Like to Think of on mothers trying to work. sometimes as part of a background pattern... with thoughts like these.50. diversions for a child who is sick and bored. distribution myself. all of which I was glad to the woman weeping for socialist Chile. Shameless Hussy Press (Box 424. change: printing. ! Griffin makes of it strong. (a letter to Joan Larkin. baby. The juxtaposition emphasizes her political perspective. to make themselves heard.00. Her ongoing con. actually. for the "poem" to start—until she finally realized that it was available from Shameless Hussy Press. and so it was. her strong sense of Tubman as a model: sitting and financial problems.25 (limited edition of is a woman . and influences where she can Tubman. "Voices" (unpublished play manuscript. . I say this because the number for the woman at home of women writing with children (about mothering) is still with children. 13 December and listen 1974) to what you think She feels as if she is "always neglecting. My Lai and Chile publish. or she might say.60. She writes: stands the implications of choosing to do other things "in the hierarchy of [her] life" as. and she was tired writing the same and she lived in swamps 31 . 525 copies). Harriet quently explored poetic subject. or different words about the same situation. ' flict between mothering and work runs through her poetry. Angela Dkvis. CA 94580). Effie's Books/Two Windows' somewhere Press. 1973). The success of her political poetry rests in large part on her In a series of new poems wonderfully called "The Tiredness ability to connect women's present reality with a distant per- Cycle. tired of having no lover. and shudders at the . if you add to them. she has publi. . She was amazed that by Elly Bulkin she had gotten herself dressed. . . provides her with an infre. THE PLACES WE HAVE BEEN: The Pogtry of the situation or situations being that she was tired. Mama's Press. $3. Let Them Be Said (poetry. '• tired of trying to write. tired of poverty or almost Susan Griffin poverty or fear of poverty. 1 times central." she deals with many of the routine demands placed son. arranging for "goldfish/souring in a tank/ of ancient water". automobile repair^ and everything else the new And here is one more poem woman is supposed to do. inability to act. 1974). moving poetry. learn about. place. (1790 Shattuck Ave. pletely silence the knowledge of others' suffering: $1. If one has children and has to earn Her decision to mother necessarily involves a certain isol- one's living. forthcoming executions. Box 334. The Sink (short stories. she was beat by a white man and she lived And anyway. postman delivers a magazine filled with bloody pictures in the shed thus far with small women's presses (Shameless Hussy. 1973). or event. and in the back of my mind . Shameless Hussy Press. Listening to Griffin read this on tape. and .• Mama's. . San Lorenzo. riding your bicycle around the bookstores twice a month. . Susan my . Griffin cannot com- . or Serendipity in prose because no poetry could be written that day. . some. New'York All along she 11568. every movement. . As she works and1 shops and cooks." (letter to Joan Larkin. . 1971. and raise a daughter. A prose section begins "This is Harriet Tubman" to make vital the link between Tubman and the story of the day in the life of a woman trying to write and the contemporary women's movement. either [her] child. It determines when she can write. Griffin knows that mothers share this enforced This tension appears repeatedly in Griffin's poetry. . CA 94709). midst of her "morning eggs and toast and jam. she thinks of typesetting. Susan Griffin. Berkeley. well those two facts in themselves would seem ation from the world where people can struggle for political to make it impossible to write. •. however. "The Song of the Woman with Her Parts Coming Out" for Chile (first appeared in Amazon Quarterly). who weeps ——.. Dear Sky (poetry. intrude on her everyday world.

and wore the clothes of a man small girls wear white dresses bringing hundreds of fugitives from for communion . evokes and left a child where she had been . She begins with a simple communion the cry of a child between her thighs . i. she communicates much of her previous description: the woman's agony with her own distant pain at the same* time N \ and a slow movement of her thighs that she connects us all by linking the scene briefly with an the red tongue of a tiger lily American rape—policeman and doctor in impersonal attendance- the red blood of birth She counterpoints voices and images.' In "Nine. . and bread I want them to fear. . . at the poet. • ' and led an army. • . "Nineteen Seventy-One"." she returns continually to the birth of her own daughter—in a world of flesh burning. The two long poems that end Let Them Be Said'maik a for I am innocent step in Griffin's work toward both a consuming involvement (echoing a poem by Meridel le Sueur). • • : • • . and whispered to her daughter. Writing recent.. she was in a white dress women kneel. Griffin seems •she squatted down ready to concentrate on her more immediate reality as a woman." Griffin accomplishes this by presenting a series of voices: Tubman is Griffin's response to the the perception of the male army photographer. ' and defied the laws . The depth of Griffin's empathy with women and commit- ment to "our stories" is central to her poetry. she wept Upset by the knowledge that she will eventually have to she carried a child tell her daughter about this outside world. holding onto a younger woman whose care it is who is also crying. the image of Tillie Olsen and women's "silences" as it affirms and she whispered to her daughter. He not to suffer in their could not stop the massacres.. the Vietnamese woman pleading for her life speaks simply and directly: Tubman's militant defiance allows Griffin the poem's avenging conclusion: Do not let them kill me ' before you speak to me there is always a time Touch me. is described in straightforward. . and that time been in his own country or this were not a is beginning. at the end of the she kneeled / decade they seem less soluble than ever.the wine and the blood because the laws were wrong.. the greek for graphs were what he did.. •? men to take us seriously. . • kneeling. not to bother the men. run. almost times. for communion. courtmartialed or killed for taking them. and she removed her blouse of a Black man by a policeman.. distanced from men who sit in paneled offices what he sees. 3 2 • • • ' • • • • . into the bread and won a battle. shocked at the pain of the imagined scene. And it might have been different if he hat. The poem picks up many of the protest themes of the she opened her empty palms Sixties and Griffin is overwhelmed by them. and blood/ at the hand of a man. with women's issues as the central focus of her poetry and. "rational" prose: and think about vacations In the other picture one sees a woman crying. stand/ the need for "our stories" to "be said". In her own voice. into a violent complexity. in which "B is for bless. . There was nothing wombs.•'. and tell women a small old woman. she showed her white neck tions. picture: •. Griffin pulls together—in striking images- ly about the rape of a Vietnamese woman.. . And under the picture the to feed children cameraman's words tell us that moments later not to be hysterical the daughter was raped and then killed. . hold me for retribution . the flesh. and was never caught. her thighs down hard ' birthing the new voice she js in a white dress ' ( which is the end of the old voice kneeling blood on the palms of her hands K'is for kneeling .to damn and lament . not to care. war because men act differently in a war. and 1960's political assassina. I want and the women kneel. The photo- hysterikos. a greater complexity'in structure and image. the book's long closing poem. . chants its emotion: teen Sixty-Eight. slavery. not to be hysterical as in the word The photographer could do nothing. He was certain he would be y womb suffering • • . ' he could do. miraculous and sudden in the breviary and '••-. an act of violation. . I am tired wanting them to think But the poem transforms these unambiguous opening words about right and wrong. .. . the arbitrary killing.' blood on the sheet that was white '"•• W is for woman. she cried • .

the women who pressed and the words spring from her mind their faces together like fourth of July rockets. sex.L. sweet suck '_. Her coming I damnation of "the revolution" ("I find your presence/ every. which. to experiment with thythm. the poem reaches an orgasmic end. lick. where. describing her classroom lecture on Sylvia Plath. Some of her most recent poems about loving women reflect the woman this poetic development. the poem seems almost sad. impersonal figures would involve a personal/political even to decision that she chooses not to make. . as Griffin reads it-it seems filled with a with her marvelous tenderness. She insists on her vision say yes. "and f stuttered: coming "the one whose lovers with her parts were frightened by her 33 .head ripping off. closing with a rush of words that underscores the the women who wept. sexual pun in the poem's title: the women whose tears wet each other's hair The song of the woman with the woman who wrapped her legs the top of her. but somewhat distanced. personal outrage. but only she counterpoints her own intensely personal perception with flew with the abstractly academic one of critic M. and Her Parts Coming Out. sex. Read quickly- the woman almost chaiitingly. but nowhere/ do I find you heart") seems more rhet- orical than poetic. "Am I wrong?" and Her cunt the women who wept together swells and sucks and waves. their warmth. at the same time. lesbian. tently personal. who cried who cried out the word who cried out joy no the women who the word cried out joy no together. and her eyes love ass said. their pain. of the other woman and . of them when. It infuses "The Woman Who Swims in Her ly to play with language. "The Song of the Woman with control of a number of voices. In "The Song of the Woman with who slept beside the body of one Her Parts Coming Out" Griffin uses a compelling rhythm other woman weeping. She seerris more willing here than previous. Her "Poem on the Public Reaction to the Her image of a cunt waving flaglike in the breeze—followed by Capture of Angela Davis" seems a flat. their hands together and the words too come out. who pressed into each other sweet. lesbian. throughout. When they do not. possess an intensity lacking in Griffin's earlier poem about My The simple pleasure of this poem reflects Griffin's empathy Lai. more consis. suck. Instead of the simple. Harriet Tubman or rape. barely slowed at the end by punctuation. direct jux. To view women never stopped as distant. behind her love poems to women in Let Them Be Said and in Griffin presents a complex poem in which she is clearly in her unpublished manuscript. Rosen thai: her words And the book read. sweet. lyrics of Letter. their thighs together dyke. Her empathy stands quietly firm taposition ©fa California breakfast and a Vietnamese slaughter. to take Tears" with gentle strength: chances with structure. and she flies out the woman who put. their joy. and the woman the woman Read slowly. where the focus is on a general massacre rather than on an with women as surely' as when she writes about mothering. . fhe political poems in her first two coming books seem honestly angry. their eyes together lesbian. Griffin begins with their feelings never stopped their anger. parts coming out Writing about women. pee.who cried together and the other words march out too. occasional poem writ. sex. pee. sweat. The images in her Vietnamese rape poem signifies the "coming out" of a lesbian. out. sex. or individual woman's horror. her head and she flies out in the and her flesh flies out place between the shoulder and breast and her nose rubs against her ass. a series of other traditionally "dirty" words used positively— ten too abstractly to convey her deep. Her more recent poetry seems more organic. cunt. tongue. with her words "Sylvia Plath with her words Sylvia Plath's range of with her parts technical resources was narrower with her parts than Robert Lowell's. different levels of language. signals a verbal reclamation of our own bodies and sexuality. pee. pee. Griffin's best politicalpoems focus personally on a woman's coming pain. with around another woman 's thighs the top of her head ripping off and said I am afraid. As it picks up speed. vagina. bittersweet an overall structure." as well as in theshort.

Feminists ought to value her novels for their keen insight I suppose people find this hard to believe if they've read the into personal interactions and for realistic portraits of several old Gold Medal paperbacks about tortured twilight women. So is her decision to make poetry of her own personal experience. Klysian Fields. interlibrary loans managed to find her third ber of short stories. so my worn copy is still the only one circulating to accommodate contradictory moralities and definitions of in this part of the country. Then there's a whole her before. urging the restructuring of an entire achieve that. but you commitments and personal relationships. located her first novel. One must know. to take gay womanhood for granted as a valuable JANE RULE AND THE REVIEWERS facet of life and write not about "the gay world" but about a by Judith Niemi complex human world that —for once—includes lesbians. to protect our unexotic scious womanhood. She is especially valuable because the $2." objective critical position. I was lucky to discover her by reading her stories body of loie and tradition waiting that confuses people. seen with clarity libraries in major cities. Her characters are critical ignorance. as mothers. . pages later. of the "places [she has] new perceptions. make me able to write what before could been" with Plath. It was an interesting excursion into and described with polish and restraint. and informed lesbians." . as well as a poet. for her child to "be still. . At times. . we do not work alone. Virginia Woolf described the flames the previously innocent housewife. Waiting to write. out of print. like Plath. or be able to consider the possibil- ficant something was. In every sense. ciated. had ever heard of i. I am at times touched by the simple fact of this poet's being so much a part Her political perspective is all-important. approach. Griffin has to wait "the places we. ligently. The decision is political. from her awareness that: ''•her children would be. It provides the of my generation of mothers. of les- impetus for her work—influencing her choice of subject. that lesbians are sort of like other people. The it's just as effective as invisibility in obscuring a woman's or a Ladder.—pretty diverse - I'd pay to my own life. Her poetry is an exciting. I cannot suddenly disregard as poets." off the Academic shroud over their feelings. since we've mostly stayed under cover.appreciate her sanity and her style know about Jane Rule. Her radical and feminist stance is basic to even when no one else is present— "we do not work alone. ability to make these connections. like Grif- too. it is direc- tly political—protesting. Her people are often observed skirting the edge of Lately I looked up the reviews of her novels to find out how intimacy. but their decisions need appeared yet. of radicals. children. have been" in order to step into a supposedly to write. Booksellers. to work. neither of which come can't find it in local bookstores or in feminist mail-order cat- easily to her characters. . So. The second writing that is a joy to discover. and for about the same reasons that lesbians in'general Almost everyone to whom I've loaned her books has shared aren't sufficiently appreciated. featuring there are so few authors able to write of lesbian experience sophisticates in black silk trousers whose slightest touch in- without being limited by it. too few of the readers who might really Jane Rule is a novelist who is far too little known and appre. but no one. The situations and conflicts in you can't find her books in bookstores or university or public Jane Rule's books are those of everyday life. and reluctant to com. This Is Not For You. Her characters are. Unfortunately. now writer's real qualities. moving with courage into new forms and With her sense of connectedness. it implies an analysis that can lead wished her children. exist. her brilliant second novel I bought at a publisher's Since 1964 Jane Rule has published three novels and a num." beyond rage to action. the risks other women take in their writings. and re-reading with the same attention ity. not Writing about Susan Griffin." her poetry and to our understanding of it. strong alogues. naming the unspeakable.' of feminists. The less exotic great difficulty any woman has in writing out of her own real-life kinds of lesbians haven't helped correct the picture woman's consciousness and in not being crippled by self-con. the one who system. 34 . it takes very special skills to read Jane Rule intel- that I've often found myself realizing. at leasL not in significant numbers or places. her •• "Narrower than Robert Lowell's and so poetry stems from a deep consciousness of the interrelatedness apparently was her capacity. as women. casting "would be still. Reading her poetry. 15 Nov. for my child to "be still". came out in paperback. 1974) riding reality of Plath's life. Lesbians are assumed not to my enthusiasm. autonomous women. Jane Rule has been able somehow to lives. protecting their sense of self.overstock sale. At other times. usually. but so little inclined to dramatize themselves Granted. very necessary reminder that- focus. Even at its most purely personal. make their presence impossible to ignore. Her main themes are personal novel. reality. I am continually struck by her to separate her life from her writing or from her teaching.98 dreadfuls written by and for straight men. bians. or whole. and in the now temporarily discontinued lesbian magazine. the kind of intelligent. Griffin chooses to approach her as a woman not be written. how signi. until they insatiable readers. and possessed of minds and other organs besides sexual ones. She refuses to deny what is for her the overL (letter to Joan Larkin. is her understanding of the link between herself and Plath fin. including English professors. her obvious virtues could have been hidden so successfully that mit themselves to another." "for intellectual objectivity. The copies I back-ordered several months ago haven't people and self-aware moral agents. witty and serious book in a small town sixty miles up the road. highly articulate." of women's experiences.

pair are skillfully suggested by the bleak and beautiful desert and makes a poor witness in the divorce court.' • -'i. nor that all her interpretations have been considered (and often discarded) by the characters themselves. but almost nothing about Jane Rule. Still. is a love story. it is small wonder that Ann and Evelyn are ready the Heart (1964. Evelyn's feeling for Ann is. one would think that critics and reviewers have no study. to walk off into the sunset together. marriage. washout. of course. a feeble scrounger on the G. The contempt and hostility are not Jane Rule's nor her char- an earnest middle-aged English professor leaving a disastrous acters' but his own." Death is traditionally supposed to follow meeting one's '• • "' • mi. with life. and Ann. • doppelganger. to explain the otherwise unfathomable I'll try to be briefly accurate about the books the reviewers lesbian attraction: "Surrounded by such examples of male describe rather luridly. and frequently humorous. Instead of literary criticism. The longest descriptions of her books occurred in a contemporary version of the Vatican index called Best Sellers. How defending him as "bitter and despairing and frightened. The Desert of inadequacy. even George's Their different patterns of semi-faith and adjustments to des." understand their unexpected and difficult courtship are Evelyn. . the guides to current fiction will have to review her. •Best Sellers warns off readers "who find sexual perversion i-s*. "maternal compensation". World Publishing Co. but it certainly has helped keep Jane Rule out of some local school libraries. Actually this lust is so 35 . j Since neither of the characters is much surprised by her own lesbianism. Well. the social deviance is more Levin's problem than theirs. i. for men inadequate by his standards. no doubt. seen by her characters with contempt and hostility. Bill". but it's as "a gambling casino employee" rather than by her vocation- startling how few reviewers of Jane Rule seem to be able to is willing to give up her earlier casual loves for "this dynamic recognize a penetrating and realistic novel about lesbians when English teacher." Shades of The Blue Angel. Jane Rule describes the marriage of Joe and six-foot voluptuous Silver with comedy and respect. an uncomfortable subject. impulsively landscape which frightens Evelyn and supports Ann. The people trying to types. her later and better novels are not reviewed." as the reviewer of Desert of the Heart clearly does. i . Macmillan of Canada and Seeker and Warburg. He seems have a tendency to forget that the mirror of literature has only amused that Ann—whom he identifies by her source of income reflected certain classes of people with any accuracy.I." 1965. Most of the reviews amount to nothing more several minor and'off-stage characters—the men in the novel.'• are like that because they hate men. and it's the least disguised expression of the kinds of prejudices that afflict other reviewers as well. and his summary "if Ann's name were Albert there wouldn't be any story at all" is inaccurate. she provides amateur analysis.. but without acknowledging that her explan- ations are not the author's." Even this central relationship doesn't get one comes along—they still think they're reading Women in descussed much because Levin devotes most of the review to the Shadows." Ann liked her boss Bill well enough to at least consider marrying him. a cynical young cartoonist who has adopted Evelyn's husband George he characterizes as "a complete the protective coloration of a life in the casinos of Reno. They can read Lolita without claiming that Humbert Martin Levin. but either would be a person worth knowing quite apart business being quite so naive in confusing literary convention from their lesbian relationship. Bookish people do Book Review. whom he calls "faceless sentimental." Minor character Joe offends Levin by being "a wee fellow". Levin hates his indecisiveness: "he goes from whore to homosexual and back to Ann again. Thus the only discussion of Jane Rule to appear in the Times says some- thing about Martin Levin's ideas about acceptable sex roles. and so inap- propriate in a world which does include many Anns. I thought. Jane Rule's first novel. of they learn to risk a relationship is an interesting psychological the emotional responsibility. hurt ex-wife sees him with more understanding and compassion.)." Worse. and this reviewer ingeniously discovers it in "the form of the moral suicide of homosexuality" when the Jane Rule / Photograph by Betty Fairhank decorous professor's "social restraint gives way to compulsive lust.. Levin doesn't even mention the engaging teenager Walter for whom both women have deep affection—everybody knows lesbians . Necessary. sometimes Levin is being unfair to these men. . reviewing Desert for The New York Times Humbert defines all male heterosexuality. The affair is said to be result of the failure of • ••• ••'••*• 'M "normal sex relations" between Evelyn and George. It's not the fiction guide most libraries rely on. than popular prejudice elevated to aesthetic principle. and Ann is supposed to see in Evelyn "the mother she yearned for but lost. the physical resemblance between the wo- men makes the relationship "ominously narcissistic. lyrical. sees only a story of homosexuality. ..

The lesbians are interesting in "narrative sweep. braving ridicule. rather ordinary and with her life. without any really ex- cloistered order. aged people court. plicit details. Jane Rule's first two books were "about the anything but sincere friendship between man and man. They are all hairdressers. based on the possible. growth. "All the deviates obvious attempt to pander to the modern mode than . Rule's respect for her characters." (Kate. careful . Marguerite and her conscience. and best." The novel is. form of a letter never to be mailed. private career woman. aged banker and a librarian. . Actu. or dancers. 1975) has intermittent affairs. This Is Not dormitory Confidence. Most of her artier friends are not "perverts. Against the Season (McCall and Double- wholly integrated with the other demands of her life. . and their domes. Peter Davies. I) is a witty. Kirkus Reviews says. moral book to the lowest circle—"IV. or writers. shown to be neither irresponsible nor promiscuous. Most of the review is a satisfaction the reviewer notices that the "homosexuals are catalog of tired old stereotypes. When tellectual. . mended for Any Qlass of Reader. to Lit. the sym. Doyle in covering the novel for Best Sellers didn't bother to 1." Library Review says and woman. addressed to a friend in a the book is described as "deviating. are summed up by Publisher's Weekly as "all out the other misrepresentations are worth cpnsidering lest we of step." Paul written with total disregard for the facts of the novel. understated book. but their ignorant condescension isn't 3. rather abstract and in- of special assistants to the Dean. but refuses a relationship with her seems almost to be deliberately designed to disarm critical devoted friend Esther—"It's just not her world." book is dismissed with a couple of other inappropriate stereo- Dcafh indeed. who childlike drifts into several disastrous experiments divided among a number of interrelated." Yes. her elderly boss Grace. at least to readers comments by other writers quoted on the dust jacket: "elegant." Sensible woman. With honesty. and the nervous. a highly critical lit. as any freshman in Intro. several others were one of the really attractive subjects of the and who ever did buy all those copies of Portnoy's Complaint? book.") cated moral indignation. since even a superficial glance reveals Lesbians. or between woman sisterly and not so gay liberation.: All these nice characters. and death. the most discreet. studies economics. stereotypes." without too much blood-lust." Leaving aside the quotations If Jane Rule hoped this low-key book would avoid fright- chosen apparently at random and cited inaccurately. It seems that genuinely artistic or meaningful.) described as "sensational materials" introduced "more in an 2. Homosexuals are asocial and elitist. a matter ening people.to be . Kate day of Canada. Unlike many male writers. are gifted sculptors. afraid of The reviewer deserves no sympathy when she claims to have taking her away from her creative desert world to the social conscientiously "ploughed" through what she imagined "a lot of restraint of Berkeley where they would "live among an army. J. of male homosexuals at that. her. It would be a mistake to dismiss this attack as religious bolism they invent is. her sister Doris. . Desert of the Heart is cautiously 36 . sensitivity and humor. compassion. . sister while reading her diaries. a middle- directions. might panic over a violated taboo. not her sort prejudice. Evelyn and Ann do overcome their failure of nerve. "Let them—the discover that Jane Rule had written two previous gay books. An old woman comes to terms with her dead lives from college into their early thirties are seen in the con. types: "Not so deep as a well of loneliness. Kirkus Reviews is less hysterical nolice. the tough-sensitive butch living outside What less perceptive reviewers do to this book is simply accepted sex roles.'." any community. "So prevalent is this any better. earthiness. it didn't work. hoi polloi—marry and have children and lead deadly dull and he thinks that "the authoress" includes lesbians "just to domestic lives." One of ally. Two of sympathy wilh Kate argue endlessly over how to understand these people happen to be lesbians. Readers who have little solitary habits. the standing on the courthouse steps "in the warm morning sun. in which attention is Csthei. show that she can be as up-to-date as the next writer. 1972. Not Recom.t's a consciously old-fashioned. and portrays." (I thought Kate's friend. ironic. Within a few pages Dina and Rosemary Heart "permissible for discriminating adults. sincere friendship between man complacent assumption that lesbian experience is inherently and woman. stylized novel of thing. serious sustained reminiscence in the that this reviewer is disappointed by the absence of earthiness. Most reviewers of course prefer to avoid unsophisti- jobs. is not thought possible. well-turned-out.in their offbeat approaches to love. as a matter The reviews that have been quoted are typical. and her insight into the erary friend pronounced it "the only gay novel worth reading"." With surprised forget how much lesbians are feared. civilized novel. not excep- of fact. . . I always feel smarter after reading it. a good. Popular Library. or musicians. Two of her lovers are in government tional. "for the while then". 1971. tentative romances to be met in fiction is tic problems are of great concern to their friends. Jane Rule also considers Even compliments are sometimes backhanded. some of able citizens. . the language of a new life rather than death. M." (So the reviewer imagines them saying.uncompulsive that Evelyn is willing to give up Ann. important characters in the novel marry. if anything. . Esther's and Kate's likeable people." "a that the author begins with two types familiar in books and in beautiful. a used-furniture dealer and an This description doesn't begin to suggest the fascination of aristocratic social worker overcome together some fears and this intense. As they but no more responsible. Several errors in identifying charac- wait for Evelyn to receive her divorce decree. Kate re. would make you a genius.ways these people risk self-knowledge and intimacy It's one of the rare books that fully lives up to the appreciative make this book quietly very impressive." At least the reviewer is dealing with For You (McCall and Doubleday of Canada. perfectly inaccurately." being a pervert. repect- between the Sr. and without self-pity. dyke rather than faggot stereotypes] Another difference is 1972). this is an extended In 1970 Jane Rule published her second novel. what do they do in bed? counts a love she deliberately renounced.) inferior and insignificant. while However. very infuriating. her young pregnant house- text of a circle of friends also painf"Uy working out their keeper teaches her shy grandnephew a little courage." Just as Baldwin is read by a minority Of blacks only. ." consigns this are so individualized you forget they are also identifiable thoughtful. they exhange vows tentatively." Not that Kate's protectiveness seems to benefit about cycles of birth. They think of nothing but sex. which called even Desert of the . her "diploma". and she's hardly understood a word of it. and a sexuality never Rule's third novel. primly that "the Lesbian theme is of specialized interest at ships with Esther. Manor House. and finally chooses God. ters make clear this reviewer hasn't read the book either. that consciousness of sexualism one way or the other that a good. Best Sellers.

E. collection of short stories. Finally. by Peg Cruikshank One writer describes mail distribution as "a wreck". an article on women's music. it is odd that they aren't at least kind of underground classic. and a certain fear that each issue may be the last.75 out of state. iriised by Dave Godfrey in Tamarack Review as a "novel of Jane Rule sees it. ii' 'vel as a fine instrument and capably records a variety of Vancouver). Peter Davies. he recognizes as "a facet of her writing that is and a personal introduction. and librarians. So.50 yearly. . John Berryman's Recovery by an alcoholic lesbian. SYOL tries to stimulate communication among its on living alone. who thinks the book is sentimental. and makes it hard for him to forget his preju. Six issues. leave Jane Rule out of the collection." Fraser provides a useful framework for womanly love. It was begun. stories." Kut there is still the problem that a handful of women do all I think this declaration conveys the tone of the whole of ttie work.I'm a woman and once it's development with which the staff feels very comfortable. honey. terribly in Amazon Quarterly and The Ladder also reaches only a 'serious and terribly dull. Desert of the Heart and Keath Fraser on This Is Not For You but she has two more scheduled for publication this year. but those that can contribute to a reader's appreciation and it's too bad that the systems by which books are advertised and perspective. Even readers who know her books may be ' 'V '• In our society it is probably inevitable that the mere pre. a month after the center opened. a piece describing the Minneapolis area. invariably miss. a poem about loving a nun. a description offer an alternative to women who may not wish to be pub. Jane Rule's own reflec- very strong and never wavers. a never wear men's clothing. Order the books now. I wonder sometimes what Jane Rule thinks about being a hianism.." li'le and literature in Hudson Review with an incredibly pom. a forbidden subject. where most of the good reviews are to be found." select audience. or my imagination. Individual issues are $. The local emphasis of So's Your Old Lady. notable for the way it steers clear of the seeing the moral paradoxes and ironies which contribute to her Pission and sentimentality which such affairs often engender.50 in state and $.s. poems." He ranks Jane 1'iul Levinc. a letter arguing against lesbian separatism. Limited contacts and a lack of One Journal's Approach to Feminist Criticism capital hamper a wide distribution outside of Minneapolis. photographs. The visual appeal 1 light issues of So's Your Old Lady have appeared since of SYOL is strong in more recent issues. jnything else. a piece nal. Lesbian Images (Doubleday and Doubleday of experience that has rarely been explored before." In Canadian Literature Donald Stephens on on where you live. Some individual February 1973.D. journal—self-assured and gritty. Resource Center. but I doubt that she's ever tempted to do that. a note lished in conventional." Her humor. of course. on the origin of the word "gossip". male-controlled magazines. September 1975) will be which reviewers nervous about deviant experience almost studies of lesbian writers.55404." work's "profundity and acute humanism.. and a short piece on clothes. Probably she'd have a wider iiirious enough to stop talking a moment and listen to Jane audience if she translated her insights into sexually orthodox Rule. they can devote more energy to distribution. A al-o discuss the books as literature rather than as social embar. There are. MN So's Your Old Lady contains drawings. Almost certainly she isn't a bit surprised at being misinterpreted. But the staff hopes that as their production skills improve. 1 mean not only ones that say nice things about Jane Rule. it won't be easy to get her previous books. SYOL is supported by the Lesbian Resource fears of a woman meeting other lesbians for the first time. a Center. it's women's clothes. July 1975. In the Twin Cities. but homo. Lesbian the journal will not change. by which in Melanctha. a note on being bisexual titled' provide a forum for lesbian writers. 2104 Stevens Ave. overviews of fiction and nonfiction. Ji. So's Your Old Lady is widely distributed Since the development of gay consciousness and the arti- to bookstores. Enthusiasm sexual love scenes are invariably talky and mawkish. • t t t THE SENSITIVE BLUE PENCIL: in a few places on the coasts. rassment. Subscription rate: $4. reluctant to put in writing requests for them. and don't wait tii dissolve eventually into a whole impression of the world as to see the reviews. some good reviews as well. Stephens focuses on Rule's skill—"she has used the will be published by a small Canadian press (Talon Books. "Lesbian Rag". as Gertrude Stein did in recasting part of Q. too few American readers. Theme for Diverse Instruments. and cartoons. situations. The only lesbian-feminist journal in the written works: a song. sums up gay Rule as a novelist of "classic talent and intelligence. but. of course. one might expect to 37 . Joyce Carol Oates in Southern Review briefly distributed make it difficult for readers to know her books at discusses This Is Not For You. hard-to-label creative sketches. the treatment. so it's not sur- sence of lesbian characters startles the reader into not seeing prising if acquisitions librarians. a response to that being gay is not a prerequisite for appearing in the jour. but the subtitle indicates "Up Shit Creek". however. to country lesbian manifesto. A lesbian/feminist journal. following the trade magazines. Minneapolis. Much of the material is autobiographical. "an intellegent and utterly the risk of making their own misinterpretations. Depending K-lievable novel. mine. ." Her consistently powerful tions on the relationship of the lesbian writer to an officially Myle is one in which images and descriptions "alt work together heterosexual society.'es But since reviewers insist her books are all about les. co-ops. who presumably knows a little more about it. . of the pleasure of running. a review of a novel about So's Your Old Lady was originally the work of one woman black lesbians. pous statement: "I don't know if the limitations are inherent and professional literature teachers read the Canadian journals in the material. . a writers so that works will not be produced in isolation and to dialogue between a woman's head and her heart. reviews. which says: "I but has evolved into a collective project in the past year. Canada. and women's businesses and is also sold culation of gay pride are very recent.

for exam. Scorned as an emotional cripple. to the women who are still looking for us. Closets? What's a closet ? I don 'I know anything about closets. male-centered tradition. and Julie Zolot. Another sign is the humor in SYOL. lesbian who is reflectively self-absorbed discovers that she is ation is that most women sign their full names to their writ. read and criticized. I am all prepared to for the developing lesbian writer and for her audience." are now sisters could have found each other [in the p a s t ] . to encourage women writers. some writers deal. Lesbianism to me editorial policy" statement 'appears.• policy" statement between the "harsh red ink" of traditional hers agreed wilh my suggestion that SYOL might be streng. Gay women ought to add their 2) women for whom the old exhortation to "look into your stories to this tradition or begin their own tradition. That's why all my friends^are straight world sees gay people exclusively in sexual terms. It also sug. 2 would be reflected in the So's Your Old Ladies of the Exuberant self-discovery is a theme conveyed throughout future. by lesbians who need to be anonymous. Staff mem. An obvious problem is the reluctance ing is that the truths lurking behind certain stereotyped views of many lesbians to call attention to themselves. pre-occupation with quality can rightly be new ways of seeing. On the other hand. but the process does not require self-annihilation. The writers appear to be moving toward patriarchal culture. The printed medium is not always between the concrete experience of women and the official the most suitable form for such expressions. I expect any day now between two extremes: 1) the elitist tradition of judging some woman will come to me. good side effect of a flourishing lesbian literature may be a if not oppressive? Thus far the issue has not divided SYOL heightened appreciation of all modern fiction in which rela. criticism and the "sensitive blue pencil of careful evaluation thened by more prose works. The vitality world is neatly revealed in this imaginary letter." The gap . as in the oppressive. but But SYOL writers readily admit that much good material clearly flows out from a healthy and creative self-absorption. Thai's why all the parties I go to and enjoy are importance of this distinction can hardly be exaggerated. in the November 1974 issue. for more urgently than most journals. specially attuned to the possibilities of love between equals. But an implication of some SYOL writ. At the forum I attended. we may fail to ge the very best exclusively lesbian. It charts a middle course is a 'coming to' not a 'coming out'. a vaiiety of ways lesbians can feel about themselves. This paradox will have to be explored in the lesbian-feminist How to reach them is a problem. There is none literature of the future. When a poet describes herself as writing work women are capable of producing. One writer would like to 38 I . of those conversational kinds of messages would be better gests the richness of the unrecorded experience of women. simply wish to share their feelings and pot of poke sallet with a chunk of fat-back in it." more reviews. warmly to each other's work but offered many suggestions Patti Suncircle. audience. SYOL seeks to create an example. SYOL contains more poetry than prose. One heart and write" makes any concern for standards irrelevant. Since our present literary standards derive from a So's Your Old Lady. The idea of woman nurturing recurs. in this sense the journal is lesbian-feminist rather than is insufficiently exercised. appropriately. modern fiction offers countless exam. . and Toni McNaron. appreciated delivered orally and punctuated with gestures. One would like to see many towards improvement of technique. the in So's Your Old Lady. the line is arresting because the So far the women who put out So's Your Old Lady have familiar original has been blasled away. find in a lesbian journal a certain defensive s. merely buying a copy of SYOL. therefore. In the third issue there is a splendid shot of two nude ative expression. One guesses of women can be rescued. . A more positive sign oi self-affirm. but some of them feel that it will have to be confronted tionships between women are sensitively portrayed. . with Every one of us can contribute some glimpse of our own lives the confusions and uncertainties which lesbians face today. the lesbians. Since the / think I may be a lesbian. might be contributed. 1 or ple in the works of Virginia Woolf and Elizabeth Bowcn. In addition. know the realities of being a lesbian before I die. ideas in a casual way. January and April 1975. about "cabbages and queens". and the artists: Lynette for revision. perament and training stress quality in a literary magazine and ples of the initiation story. and 2) the view often expressed in the heady days of campus upheaval and anti-war protest A piece I especially liked. She'll then take me in creative works by "rigidly fixed criteria" and impersonally her arms. have a more professional look than earlier started. Christian. . women. that many Minneapolis lesbians would feel uncomfortable for example. the editorial argues that lesbian litera- "Pally Possible" is (he speaker here: ture should be very broadly defined. getting into a gleaming An editorial in the November 1974 issue of So's Your Model A which looks like a car from the Great Gatsby film. "Lezzies are Grrreat. Works are issues. if our critical sense hints. no. writers. rejecting or accepting them. les- although not much humor can be found in the most recent bians may have a special contribution to make to its imagin- issues. Barbara Davis. who needs to know "how many calrics is in a good-sized possum and a Many women. To the extent that love between equals is a new subject. There are no more not been deluged by contributions from straight and gay "women's" subjects. Old Lady (No. of which they have as yet only vague challenged as sexist. On the other hand. Fixit from a country woman baffled by statement says: calories (the visiting nurse has told her of them)." More directly and A series of monologues in the April lc)75 issue expresses. and another thinks lesbians should The theory of the sensitive blue pencil leads to this question: be encouraged to write coming out stories for SYOL. arms around each other. a "non- However I do know a lot about waiting. In the last two issues. The SYOL is a letter to Mr. The last three issues of So's Your Old Lady. ings and drawings. ask me home with her and finally we'll go to bed. As is there an inevitable clash between 1) women who by tem- every schoolgirl knows. both attended by women who speak dyke. and that it is hard now to predict whether attitude no. women responded The poets whose works I liked best are Ethna McKiernan. . typeset by Writers' forums at the Lesbian Resource Center have been Mardi Steinau. It is not simply love poetry but intimate talk "about all the world". The quality of the creative work has improved too. After taking part in this session I had a new Wells. that any expression of feeling merits publication. feminists in Minneapolis. Like other feminist appreciation for a distinction made in the "non-editorial journals. much less writing a piece for it. for example. 6) suggests that one of its aims is consciousness and a small drawing of a woman with orphan Annie hair who raising: "How many times must we have wished that we who says.

both to ourselves and to others. however. whatever changes occur in future issues. to More specifically. future than they have been in the past. of severing ties with men ("foreign bodies") in order to openly gay. ! see contributions from members of the Minnesota Gay Women's A poet in the second issue of So's Your Old Lady writes Alliance. WOMEN TOGETHER Three Photographs by Donna Pollach 39 . most of whom are openly gay. it is not explicitly a lesbian manifesto. The product of women in their twenties andj "reclaim" herself. I think this fairly obvious fact is worth stressing help us find out. SYOL has as yet little of becoming. Not all lesbians better known. they well never lesbian literary magazines are so new. From the short history of feminist writing because a group which has been invisible for a long time. Writers for So's Your Old Lady do not aspire. If journals like SYOL had not come to life. But since many lesbians are closeted and since but once these are effectively communicated. Thus. is be better known and more triumphantly celebrated in the easily assumed to be monolithic. We are Minneapolis women have wanted SYOL to become a stronger only beginning to grasp the manifold truths about ourselves. Since SYOL has printed few from the first eight issues of So's Your Old Lady is bound polemical pieces. a group made up of professional women who are not . it seems likely that all be blotted out. Some to survive. gay voice. lesbians in hiding. one function of journals like SYOL is to lesbians. we can only guess what fully reclaimed women to say to older lesbians. or career-oriented will be like. That theme are feminists. we have one clue: the varieties of women's experience will whose very existence was unthinkable to Queen Victoria. they point out. f t t ganda. it would be much harder to make so bold an assertion. the diversity among lesbians must become present a cross-section of lesbian opinion. creative work by lesbians will have an implicit value as propa. Since we don't yet know all we are capable thirties.

&. . Lesbian Literature. She keeps to her own kind-thai is. Dame Ivy examines Hall for example. tale aspects of heterosexual stories. believe me All women arc slaves. <\ . " . have a sense of Under the heading. . the main character asserts 'I. She used normal vision. All Dame Ivy's twenty 40 . In effect.*. she is not allowed to touch his sheets or handle ature tends to prove women oppress women. humor. human beings can be submitted under the heading. In this work a familiar sense of moral superiority refreshingly conscious of their power. that there is nothing inherently suspect in for fiction about women are Ivy Compton-Burnett and Colette. . on an equal basis. . Female Homosexual Literature. because women cannot interact with the masters. The idea is that the flaw Two authors that may be overlooked in the library search in marriage is man. 'Listen honey. bian stories. which is of course his food. i . Any fictional work that presents women as by a gorilla. the concept of possessing another human being. anxiety have relationships characterized by themselves as opposed to and all. or as culturally produced who beither behave as slaves nor imitate masters. 1 »-^. therefore quite naturally understood every aspect of it as "To accept conditions that would not be your choice. there is a sub-head. wornen-and true but completely beside the point at this time.. tales about women interacting with women. Jane Rule continues the a disgrace. must be inverted. too. 7 ^ . it's a real jungle out there. stories unfold we discover that lesbians. Female Homosexual ^Liter- the master.' This is what men often say to women. being a lesbian is rather like being you don't want any part of it!' The point of oppression is ! a field nigger. It is like consequently the stories she tells have to do with fusion describing a fly on your nose while being stomped to death between women.-. The lesbian is less likely to have illusions about just this issue of decision-making. which categorizes that the popular image of lesbians out of the melancholic mire type of story about women which incorporates all the fairy of adolescent experience. Radclyffe In her novel More Women than Men. which revelation elevates not only the literature but ing." Compton-Burnett is an extraordinarily precise tradition of The Well of Loneliness in her novel. the girl next door. who know the cruel price exacted by a homosexual life style. As these and advertized.B v-.:\ j "A '. It is only among themselves that women can Riverfinger Women are exciting because they present. . while they continue Books such as Brown's Ruby fruit Jungle and Nachman's to be slaves. saw the lesbian experience as a mirage and women working with women. as human beings. Lesbian There are an increasing number of women who write les- Literature.•«. • LKSBIAN LITERATURE: Random Thoughts emerges. • . We follow the histories of women relationships"as they ought to be". decide for by Cathy Cruikshank you that you shall not pay it.: ••*••?* A . One of her characters reflects. : : "1. men. This is not and witty novelist. the women she presents are powerful and for You.

Fran Koski !' . The only blooms 41 . In The Vagabond she writes beings." their novels are full of political conse.novels deal with the dynamics of influence-peddling in human status as slaves. and are really have such a firm grip on what Elizabeth Cady Stanton des. Kept them hidden in a drawer so visitors paperback Lesbian affairs full til of sentiment I1hoarded hoarded once once would wouldnever neverspy snv me meout. t t t Photograph by Grace. By studying ourselves. Claudine and There have always been women writing about women.«-. castles. sexual love between women is > • equal impossibility.-«. the refusal to act.'. ' \ A -* . W %s.i . . and so few examples of Lesbian Literature is only one of the mul- I no longer want one. indeed. because the assumption is different.-. SOME PULP SAPPHO by i" '. from cannot be approached on the same plane as the literature by friendly confrontations to betrayals—with an honesty of presen. it love between women—from school girl crushes to affairs.1 and Maida Tilchcn l : •:•• •• '. as quence to women who recognize and no longer accept their both enthusiastic producers and self-conscious consumers. •• • • • • What am I then. the refusal to accept re- All her female characters are above their roles. is the children as people too. in Annie and My Friend Valentine are especially warm studies. long before they become "You're giving me a friend who is young. to distribute that expression has been for women an some of the novels by Colette. capable of self-knowledge. intimacy not often experienced in so detached a vehicle as the Lesbian Literature attempts to expose the opportune myths written page.. Both novelists examine their characters under Lesbian Literature. It is as if she sits beside you and relates a piece and celebrate the honest mysteries about women. relationships and all contain a variety of women. questions of taste imposed to control expression rather than cribed as "the isolation of every human soul and the necessity enhance its appreciation). . By doing of her biography. that is what is called a master. To dent expression of what pne has discovered is almost im- Women embrace in the novels by Compton-Burnett. She too is a witty novelist. power women are able to usurp in the field of publishing. men about women. Claudine Married. some pulp Sappho? Sappho? TheThelibrary libraryof of cheap cheap at last last in print. jealous and somnambulant daughters. She details not only experiences among so. women." Of her works more exclusively on tiple reflections of the oppression of women. Lesbian Literature is threatening.. touched her. i.-- . A steady increase in the quantity of made explicit. Claudine at School. what had been the dearest part of my experience recognized heartbroken butch murders her dog. The absence of self-knowledge. another. She describes a new issue altogether. and she treats sponsibility for one's actions. There is in her novels a level of other. ardent. out. . Really I was ashamed of them as writing. About women assumption in Lesbian Literature is that women are human and men she is without illusion. depends primarily on the degree of of self-dependence. . That there are sincerely in love? I know. as does life. iv. the cliche of their predicament. the It is difficult to cite a particular novel of Colette's to serve dreams as well as the realities of our relationships to one an- as a description of her work.. . In \ possible. Afraid Afraid the thesublet subletmight mightfind find them. transported to read finally in a book the treacle of their fantasy. The tation quite unfamiliar in literature of any sort. in toilet stalls and—exceptionally—in published works. key to the oppression of women. such literature presents not just another side of a coin but women but the interior life of individual women. Star eke Mil* -^^4* . etc.*. the because they were the only books where one woman kissed I burned them. (question of quality can best be answered singularly personal lights but because Dame Ivy and Colette by the hierarchical institution of your choice. we become familiar with ourselves and others like us. wives and mothers. • .

1959) though Gene there are no "bad" as opposed to "good" lesbian pulp novels Damon. Flying. . and past.) so we can be in control of our own destiny and our own It is this exploitive packaging (which may or may not have struggle. an expert on this subject. a culture we've never experienced. By the 1970's. bearing blurbs like' self.Y. writers on lesbian subjects had no alternative. a (female) writer of several famous lesbian Within their narrow scope. But the It's true that there is much for today's lesbian feminist pulps show us where we were. . 1965. though we have our favorites. oh God. Taylor women. and are -are fascinating documents for a lesbian truly interested in our forever coming up with explanations. "pulps" and a speaker at last September's Lesbian Writer's We like the strong lesbian characters in some of them. was often satisfied by "happy" (i. erie Taylor. have exchanged armchair psychology Signal. I believe in a separate women's movement actress to bring the truth into the open. Inc. and know what they are missing. the enemy is now located outside the lurid covers of pornographic appeal. The historical accuracy and objective presentation stereotypes (seductive bitch. 102). and they show us what we can be. companies like Fawcett-Crest.in the desert. in the 1950's. Lesbian editor to "punish" lesbians and teach thai perversity doesn't characters may live on a houseboat. revive for us through the filter of fiction endings. alas. NY: Softcover Library. sometimes even cures. sex scenes for salability. not necessarily the ones with the most graphic sex but the ones Most disturbing. we as history-seekers feel that Universal Publishing and Distributing. alcoholism. heterosexual) of the 50's and 60's. ' '! keeps us down. an opinion plots whose narrow scope restricts the lesbian to an ingrown (by a lesbian who lived in the era and milieu) on the accuracy isolated society: as likely as not. They don't Books like Small Changes. for instance) pseudonyms. NY: Midwood Tower. Small Changes. p. in this era incisive and visionary than the '50's and '60's "pulps". all are poor writers. A Twilight Sin. During the 1950's and 60's. in which lesbian feminists create alterna- 200 pulp novels in the past year and feel like we've unearthed tive societies or fight the existing one.g. had no political vision. right to be themselves." • anything to do with the contents of the book) that seems (Marge Piercy. often the big city butch-fenime bar scene says.. hence the proliferation of the dilletante-dyke. editing. under the surface of an attractive marriage and a success.'p. They've internalized the always written by men: see Sheila Donisthorpe or Ann Aldrich) homosexuality-as-sickness attitude of their time. If t6 become a revolution a movement must (as in The Strange Young Wife by Kel Holland). We've unsuc- memorable strong woman. that they deserve—as much as any bian-feminist ones fresh off today's woman's presses. novels were published -many as paperback originals—by Summer Camp. the lesbian characters are given none. are beyond the imagination of a charac- like Daughteis. woman-identified name of Sylvia Sharon. Ms. is already being forgotten or deliberately Orient us toward structuralist critiques of the society that buried. and McFadden Bartell.and change-oriented dykes to be aware of the progres- 42 . many of which and. But we don't expect probably written by a man for the titillation of men. such as "Daddy history. Trapped Conference in Chicago. Beacon.e. build a better one. located in'the oppressive society. hundreds of lesbian know it. You have to wade through flects life. N.. the lesbiarrs in many of the pulps hate that present lesbians as disgusting or unnatural creatures (not themselves. Kvcn the trashiest ones— novel trashy. Chris seems to have sex scenes The Bars and the Butches written in two different styles (Randy Salem. suicide and violence are rife in these books. Universal lesbian rites of passage like coming out or con- of the novels intended by the author to end invfulfillment necting with your first lesbian crowd are often told in sensitive for the lesbian protagonist have been changed by the (male) ways. The Cook and the Carpenter. and I houses. by Ann Bannon) and 60's societal stereotypes of the lesbian. Mid wood Tower. (in Beebo Brinker. have an affair with a movie pay. and not the editors. No. tells of a man named Paul Little though they may be in closely roles or preposterous plots. at least as far as literature re- to object to in these books. we don't mean the new les. 1974. 202) The fact that lesbians are oppressed. it's not hard to guess when a pulp novel was for us to consider them fairly accurate. ! to be the reason many lesbians avert their eyes from our CT: Fawcett Crest. for puritanical or political reasons. e. these books have much to offer. change every one's consciousness. Their packaging included for political analysis. or think they should. they were also books about grotesques. back cover. some who claims to have written over 500 such novels under the nevertheless emerge as colorful. Until other group—the rewards of this society or the chance to just recently. . And we suspect that some basically fine novels of star. admirable. We've acquired and read over Riverfinger Women. violent butch) for the rare and of past-lifestyles is always uncertain in fiction. . and the recourse is "A Twilight Sin: Toni hid the truth of her physical craving positive political action. NY: Differences in style aside. "I'm a genuine lesbian. Then there are the unimaginative cessfully searched forjand someday hope to see. 1972. are of course more a fascinating heritage—a recent heritage which. that make a trashy lesbian revealing or interesting in some way. ' and the recourse was self-destruction. Books. A publisher's machismo. maintains that it's usually of the 50's and 60's. p.—to the male-dominated publishing ter who says. we try not to take the books at their literal word about the Ther's also the issue of male authorship. them to be more accurate than any other/fiction. we who came out in the returns-to-her-husband plot. we turn to the "pulps" for pure escape. truly twisted. though they contain enough common elements and des- control. They of Gay Liberation. Because their creators (Kate'Millett. Val. The milieux. It took a totally immoral and oversexed young terrorize us. Greenwich. Though many of the author's names are unisex criptions (of gay Greenwich Village in the 50's. that lesbians have the We collect dyke books. why am I a lesbian?" (Ann Herbert. collection. or inhabit the hermetically sealed world of an all girls' lesbian love have been routinely injected with voyeuristic school." (Rhoda Peter- son.: Ballan. "What's best for us is not to let them use the courts to ful career. like "a real man to love" survive today. 493). Finally. In Small Changes a lesbian says. then it is important for In the '50's the enemy was one's own "abnormality" political. For these books shaped and also reflect the 1950's always wanted a boy". or the bored suburbs of the same era. It also seems to us that some 70's. it's gay Greenwich Village of the pulp presentation of gay life' Lacking eomfirmation. 1966. lesbians. Chris.

sion. Quiet. There was a small vein in her like to scalped me. (NY: Midwood Tower. . for buddies. In the straight world. be found in the works of authors like Dallas Mayo.. Pa always said I was the best hired initiations. 43 . Bernicc?" Bobbie said proudly. admitting and seeing one's self as gay. the protagonist decides A notable paperback fictional lesbian is Leo (Leonora) to go back to men after seeing the ugliness of a gay bar: Lane in Mary Renault's exquisite novel The Middle Mist (NY: Avon Books. Didn't mean a thing to me. "Real short. " belly. It was while she was living with Karla that she decided Her smooth belly rounded when she inhaled. 33-34) It was almost one in the morning when they left the co-ed bar and Jack asked if she was game for one more. California) hopefully this heritage will become years the judges of various contests had paid her full measure more readily available to today's lesbian. Now I like this here D. "Didn 't you ever go to bed with a man?" "Penny. and had lived on a farm in we have found many beautiful descriptions of these universally southeastern Missouri until her folks died. p. club singer who. "What. Boys get all the breaks. . In Whisper These include a woman's making lesbian love with a woman Their Love one bar butch explains herself: for the first time." "Sure." For lesbians coming out in the 70's. nature. Fixtures in all bar scenes include the bar butch. better. and a few minutes after Silky has. "I always liked to work in the fields. of unearthing and examining our entire lesbian heritage. Leo supports and turning her face away from the smell of stale beer. there arc no ceremonies. positively drawn lesbian character leading a rewarding life. it's creamy throat which beat with the rhythm of her heart. 123). Leo nevertheless emerges as a apron and the gummy places on the tables. versal experience. Vicki Lennox in Dallas Mayo's Silky past. or lack thereof. There were thin flourescent lubes in her own fears. A complex and delicately bursts of laughter. all lesbians share and only lesbians can experience. more sizes. then we Strong Lesbian Characters are whitewashing our history as oppressively as the straights Perhaps the greatest attraction these books hold for us is have rewritten it for us. platonic way. hollowed as to change over to men's clothes. the seamy-faced little old man who drawn character. 125-127). and ultimately change her life at the cost of the ceiling. *' •> school. CT: Gold Medal Books. shared events arc often ago. parallel rows of them picking out glitters on the great pain. and we found only the books of the 50's and 60's to ex. 1962. p. lanky and androgynous. a couple of years shared events. mannish seen collected in one place. is just for lesbians. I'll try anything once. . Bobbie said. . thrown herself at her. never thought about boys much. she exhaled. I could go for him in a strictly Familiarity with the "pulps" can enrich such a study. face was brightly lighted. the herself by writing cowboy novels. types and ages than Beebo had ever completely feminine. Only sometimes they're okay to have around I said nothing. the old gay bar scene and the butch-femme role scene may be totally alien. capable. was a let-down. like doc here. . When more lesbian groups see the importance professional photographer on the staff of Glimpse magazine. quickening her step. Not for lovin' though-uh-huh. My hands touched her I was little. a night- with pink light. and within recent Santa Monica. In the novels of the '50's and '60's She was nineteen. got more style. and filled with girls. of tribute. by their very 1957. A plain it to us. Art is supposed to be about recognizing one's self in a uni- Greenwich. " My hands stopped. 32).A. " he said. 1945). " She had never had a dale when she was in art can we share our experiences. "He called you a lesbian. "This one Vicki initiates Silky into lesbianism in a kind and loving way. and fool around validated and ritualized by ceremonies like weddings or club with animals and stuff. Leo is strong not only in her independence always seemed to be sitting on the doorstep. you know. If in the (Valerie Taylor. It is interesting to note that such good lesbian role models can (Ann Bannon. She went to a man's bar. There are experiences which. It looked like a parent's home for life on a houseboat with her lover. (pp. strong Often the setting of 50's and 60's books includes a gay bar. If the ending of The Middle Mist is ambiguous at bottles and showing up the spills and dirt on the bartender's besl and anti-lesbian at worse. analytical. whose gen- CT: Gold Medal Books. There was a slim shapeliness to Vicki that was extremely fetching. 40) erally lewd novels one might be inclined to dismiss wholesale. as Vicki is self-made and successful. Club Marie. and seasoned. Vicki is neverthelessnot a stereotypical butch. famous publishing houses. Helen. '•-dozen cheap joints she'd walked past. Whisper Their Love. She nodded. By the end of the novel later they were being admitted to a basement bar saturated Vicki has a fulfilling and stable relationship with Julie. creased with every picture layout she did. Leo leaves the sterile respectability of her The place. In Beebo Brinker Ann Bannon lets Beebo For all her masculine adaptation to hard work and her find gay life a valid lifestyle for herself. 134) is also her equal as a self-supporting career wo- phon and it was decorated with the emblems of various man. Rites of Passage (Valerie Taylor. I always wanted to be a boy from the lime I slid onto the bed next to her. not an unfeminine female. Whisper Their Love. {"Glimpse's circulation in- Santa Mpnica's Lesbian History Collective does (Box 1564. he same time soft as a cloud. Anilra asked. while Vicki emphasized. . " she said. Vicki Lennox is a good example of the independent. Her thighs looked sleek as marble and at the ber shop and got her hair cut. though she is Vicki's femme ("Julie [was] more girls. In Valerie Taylor's Whisper Their Love. in appearance she was presented positively. . pp." p. Only this one but also in that she is brave enough to question herself. p. Greenwich. in public attitudes towards lesbianism. panelled with mirrors. Beebo Brinker. then came seeking upward toward a breast. The place was called the Colo. and fitting in with a dyke crowd. " hot for men. "If you 're a real butch you don't get "Mark. 1970's we want to forget the bars and the butches. so the bar scene is customary attire of tailored slacks. ways". The author's description of the bar can be part of the plot and theme of the book. We were curious about the recent the lesbian character. Only through man he had. For lesbians. Almost entirely independent of men. 1961) is one of many such women. marvelous and unforgettable lesbian character.

As w. to faint. Box 5025. . Clatcnt. "transported to "So. love her—" The breathing became more rapid— "then that How We Get The Books \ somebody must also be a woman. It '. In the 1975 understand her feelings. In this one. pp. or so it seemed. although you'll find more (Jesse Dumont. Frankly. . She did not on this subject). we recommend the fantastic bibliography ^he other bars had been all male or mixed. Is that correct?" women's presses and are often found between unprepossessing "Yes. Reno. Special Leaflet no. They were all in love. p. she must have it with experience. It is not annotated. P. 41-42) Checklist was updated by two Supplements. down. tion on the faces of many of the girls. They were enjoying them. They seemed to be tourists. She felt. Jean looked about them'. Derby. The inclusion of lesbian subplots or was proud of her size. and obviously efforts. even admira. B:minor lesbian characters or action. we've found The Lesbian in Literature biblio- to us. Is that what a lesbian is?" We've collected about 200 of these books this year. . ' . cheekbones. no. and it exhilarated her. .) In 1960 Bradley and Gene girl nearest her and kiss her. Damon were—what had Jack called it?—gay. repressed lesbian characters (qften called "variant" by writers Joan's arms and legs grew cold with desire. her oddly boyish face. used bookstores in a city. They were all women.c've noted in this article. ." That these passages predate the existence of another woman. "Penny-isn't a lesbian a girl who likes other girls?" through. I Prefer Girls.) For collecting. When she shook hands with them. looking Jan Watson. as Kate Millet wrote. The formal bibliography was begun in 1958 of it. validating and enriching our common and individual "Yes. Ms. It excited Beebo not—very few books have the word "lesbian" in the title. you can find passages worth reading if you Softcover Library. in 1 961 and 1962. of them in pairs. p. by Gene Damon. She could see interest. all told. We found all our books in central Indiana. The Ladder was published as the maga- consciousness about it at all. . The Lesbian in Literature by Gene Damon and Lee Stuart. only answering direct questions when before 1967. away in confusion when one or another tried to stare her can be purchased for $10 from the Ladder. But lesbian books—known to the authors—that were copyrighted . Y. She was silent. so this incredibly complete bibliography is very useful. she had to. that she should be honest. "she said simply. 13) look for them. Finding books is like finding treasure. somehow. Washington Station. You look through thousands of books and find hand. She was not used to The 1967 edition of The Lesbian in Literature includes all that kind of reaction in people. Although we regret the disappearance of the These scenes and the many more they exemplify feel good "T" catagory. . even proud of characters is often not indicated by the title or cover blurbs. They are found passages about fictional lost women."if she wants to have sex. most Appendixes on movies and poetry were included. if we came across a copy beautiful -the Lesbians. so it's We fell together and spent the rest of the night proving it. 1969. 1975. They record rites. She was startled by it. For the first time in her life she Once is Not Enough. " I said. There was no shame. Damon made up their first Checklist.O. soft breast had been delivered into my is why it's fun." I could feel her body breathing beneath my read finally in a book what had been the dearest part of [our] palm. The compiler was Marion Zimmer Her fists closed hard with the nails biting into her palms and Bradley (who also writes science fiction and wrote lesbian she was obsessed momentarily by the desire to grab the pulps under various pseudonyms. They were having fun in the most natural way a monthly column called "Lesbiana" in which she discussed imaginable. The floor was jammed with a mass of couples. It confains some 5000 entries.but tourists The 1967 bibliography is a full-bloomed version of earlier with a difference. . A group of girls had entered. Nevada. but Lesbians. Prices are low. Books are rated A:major lesbian charac- girljhad the face of an eagle. none of them is still in print. NY: Cooper (both T's) we wouldn't kick them out of bed. Jack Mann and the two bartenders. 2. and T:trashy quality books. such as the N. .50 per book. The (Ann Bannon. Beebo Brinker. CT: Monarch Books. afraid Ladder readers. with an aquiline nose and high ters or action. but they were so intense she wanted edition the books rated "T" were dropped for the most part. One blonde uses'a rating system. for example. They newly published books relevant to lesbian literature. Several of them were very attractive. We got our copies at used paper- She shifted her shoulders. proud of her strength. ing those ten. she didn 't talk much. of Strange Nurse by Arthur Adlon or Darkroom Dyke by Les (Artemis Smith. but a minute that was transfixed like a living picture in her She also received information from other book collectors and mind for the rest of her life. . studying the in the last few years many essentially straight novels have had girls at the table. and Robin Jordan. with breath and held it till her heart began to pound in protest. inched her body down the sheets. an annotated bibliography that was privately printed and published by the authors. not necessary to look only in cities. Also. zine of Daughters of Bilitis. Times Book Review and The Kirkus Review. we've all been graphy invaluable and we use both the 1967 and 1975 editions 44 . 95. smiling at them when they smiled at her. too—our collection cost an average of $ . no self. a mass Some history of the bibliography seems in order. that she should somehow art and value are wherever you find them. gathered her information by reading publisher's review sheets Beebo watched them for less than a minute. 3 appearing in 1959. In The Ladder Gene Damon wrote !l selves." I said. The Third Sex. necessary "firsts". We feel. 1963. . maybe ten you'll buy—but then you can have a great time read- "Then I'm a lesbian. And yet so passionately moved that she caught her as a brief list called Astra's tower. which and suddenly a warm. the years 1956-1972. experience. Jacqueline Susann's new feeling gripped her. were the only men With it you can know quickly if you have a relevant book or in a bigroom solidly packed with women. and many non-fiction titles were added. Almost "Yes. her curly hair short-cropped against her head. we're sorry to see try to join the women who were to her so compellingly the "T" category dropped. . 89503. . back bookstores. A brand new 1975 edition. runs to January 15. Since we believe that that she shouldn 't hide anymore. no shock. entensely —all that femininity. a lesbian subplots or characters. During of girls dancing." : or lurid paperback covers makes them all the more precious to "And if she wants to love somebody-wants somebody to us.

The Jeannefte Foster book." This book is a godsend. so may the Lesbian be. your own world of experience Simply. DOB. it is always possible Boston Daughters of Bilitis. the journal I have chosen to frequently of late) very good. you are not actually on the staff) is a labor of love. and the Lesbian movement about Lesbians. it has yet to reach them. sample I can't help but feel that would be a loss. What's more. is more than enough to ask. filled with local news and local color and an occasion. Sex Variant Women in of the Institute for Sex Research (the "Kinsey" Institute) Literature. goals. You become caught up in the excite- about women who love women. helping a magazine like Focus (even when. lifestyles. a place where writers and readers meet face read by DOB members or those interested in what goes on at to face. breaking or quitting. and especially those who fear.95. t t t SWEET AND POWERFUL think it is this: Lesbians are persons—persons entitled to the by Jan Garton • . directly and significantly—and that. But good or bad. . of one me. devoid of advertisers. DOB is a good organization to a lot more necessary than any number of scholarly journals I work for. At that time it was a small sub-literary accepting. myselif. of course—its literary quality to outside readers. 0-912078-20-0. more necessary. . For writers like copy. tions. Perhaps it seems a little strange to write a rave nineteen years of living and growing as a Lesbian couple. It is a place to feel good about yourself and the journal. It is a calm and reasoned in. But time has not blunted or not bowing. ment of an awakening and expanding Lesbian community. of women and men who in some way have been associated Lesbian/Woman is a must book for all who wonder. of review of a book at least three years old and one considered facing the accompanying social obstacles and ignorance. more Yet for me. "Howpver women are depicted in world society. a strength that comes from the decade. If Focus does not yield great literature—it does specifically. talking honestly and frankly about Lesbian mothers.) Zimmer Bradley's Checklist. my candidate for Lesbian book of There is strength in this book. t f t FOCUS: A NON-REVIEW Unfunded. dreams and pur Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon. Lesbian/Woman. In Betty Wysor's The Lesbian Myth there is a brief mention of There's very little written about this genre of pulp lesbian the genre. in short. poses to Lesbianism as there are Lesbians to create them. which allowed us to examine hard-to-find material like Marion (Foster's unique book is being reissued by Diana Press in 1975. to express your I first came into contact with Focus in 1972 (the year feelings and thoughts in an atmosphere which is open and after I came. includes some discussion of paperback originals. there are as many attitudes. revealing (at last!) what it is that Lesbians do within the women's movement. ' . small volunteer journal. delving into myths and beliefs growth of the Daughters of Bilitis. it certainly social and legal sanctions. like touch lives. story of Del and Phyllis. perhaps. the authors. working with Focus is like speaking in front of gay groups. Boston. and basic reading for every Lesbian. Black and third world Lesbians—in other What tells the story are the lives and experiences of hundreds words. same rights.things you do—to know that your poems and essays will al poem. There's a real sense of accomplishment literary magazines and journals and certainly. As you read Lesbian/Woman. often atrocious. $7. If there is any one point. But very can think of. hatred and fear of homosexuality in the form of repressive While I'd hate to call this a "Lesbian handbook". out). I'd argue. It's nice to have necessary. the whole gamut of the Lesbian experience. it is the personal love in bed.when we go book hunting. Unlike the sun. this book is a positive and compassionate statement broadens tremendously. dependent upon volunteer by Paula Bennett help and. Street. is erratic at best. teenage Lesbians. It is a history of the formation and performs that function as well. Room 323. than a number of small your "own" magazine. 419 Boylston that Focus simply will not corrie up. Focus is write for—why? Getting published is tough. learning from and giving to each other. published monthly by anything going at all. 1972. sometimes (we hope. Although it contains many things that might appeal makes Focus a great magazine. Massachusetts 02116. $6. It is the strength of numbers. I doubt. It's a place where you learn to relax. in human terms in watching the baby grow. remains unchanged: Focus is a local magazine designed to be It is. Today it is more literary (the staff now harbors a strike responsive chords in readers who are themselves just number of dedicated English majors). None of this . lessened the sweet and powerful message of Lesbian /Woman.—cruellest of all—relying on what comes through the mails. Glide Publica.60.. but its essential nature learning what it's all about. the same freedoms as everyone else. Any and all of these reasons will do. who with Lesbians or Lesbianism. dictment of antiquated laws and attitudes that perpetuate It's marvelous.00/year. Focus is a marginal operation typical of a marginal subculture in which everyone must scratch like hell to keep Focus: A Journal for Gay Women. For the Lesbian is all women. Finally. $. In preparing this article we had access to the library literature. Focus is home. San Francisco. who ache and feel. t t t 45 .

is what we used to call a "classic"—a poem These are beautiful books. Brooklyn. science. a motion of opening more and more towards women. the revolutionary connections we need than them. This review isn't meant to compare them. They hold all the cadences of which evokes the whole history of women. much about the insidcs of a Susan Sherman's books. all those wdmen women surround me fine things you are glad to have the chance to say about a poet images of women their faces whose work you love. that our myths have been stolen from us-but we can find them. history. by which we is powerful—and we who have that power can use it now. With Anger/With Love.Sirens Running All Night Long.50. include or exclude the world. 326A 4th St. There is no death in love only a i And in Woman Poems Love Poems she writes: waiting I have heard of an image no one can touch & not She is who is Who chooses being Who chooses be warmed to choose 46 . sample sentence—you'll just have to read what the woman (1963-1972). but she's a woman whose certainty. to Susan Sherman. She teaches how consciously. (194 State St. Two & Women Poems Love Poems is a shorter book. NY 11215). Box 426. always. woman who went to Cuba. (P. with what dis- Women PoemsLove Poems Two & Two Press. Our culture is not Gust) I would say this poem the opening up of voice. the importance of hits the nerves of where personal and political live. to loving possibility of a future): women. no grand juries.25... a woman whose I who for years pretended them away voice is a song which enters your own. introduction for endlessly that question both. (326A cipline. in any way. Susan Sherman has published two books of of each poem—making it as hard (if not harder) to excerpt a poems.25. speaking from different bands of the spectrum. Women Poems Love Poems): if you were to ask me what defines me The more I think about women's culture. And the relationships between things (not just 'things in themselves' simple choice of writing about them both says more about me or 'art for art's sake').. by Elana Dykewoman (Nachman) as I make. lesbian culture. The prose flows together with the internal coherence Okay then. of their experiences. but talking about as one who wants to reach out voices. though they are both that is our lives lesbians who live in New York and have the same first name (which may be a lot to share these days) are very separate The essays and preface to With Anger/With Love are the women. (1975. dance. become ready. gives a new richness to pretended away their names their faces the hum you hum driving down the road. exactly-wrought journey of the passion for moved by the murders of Black Panthers and the rape of Viet. whole. With Anger/With Love Selections:Poems and Prose . we must all prepare both questions and answers.) (which. telling us endlessly who wants to open out things. who was are a beautifully. Each best I've ever read about the connections between art. honesty and power have made me understand how much I have to listen. P. with beautiful Two Press. Mulch Press. freedom. Brooklyn. Sherman says recognizing that the strength & energy of women loving women Love is a series of choices. for revolutionary change so dee"p and lasting that namese women. NY 11215. oppression. (Mulch Press. says for herself. the world about. of lesbians. their work. process. whose recreation of Lilith makes us remember nothing will remain as it is (no banks. and answer with my own choices. In the first essay in With Anger/With Love she begins with Susan Cavin. separately but especially together. Me And Them. $1. Two collages (by Susan) interspersed. 01002.50) and Women Poems Love Poems. art. a kind of com- we can take them back. a friend you respect. With Anger/With Love is much about the edge where art and action join. listen carefully. x a section from "Love Poem 12/16/71" (included whole in The Print Center. as I reach toward you I could go on about that itself for awhile. no exploitation). It's also a real 'coming out' & Two Press has just been started by Susan Sherman and book.. to fusing content with craft. MA. PART IV ON A CLEAR DAY (YOU CAN SEE JILL JOHNSTON) TWO (RE)VIEWS The choices Susan Sherman makes are not the same. as they Box Box 426 Amherst. Susan Sherman and Susan Cavin. endlessly who wants to feel it's just that it's more economical to use one. The journey of that passion. song to is the center of it is the core women—its what that voice art science history dance song are that I reach toward. You know. I want to recommend two who are talking. beginning with a section from her earlier "Lilith" poem Martha King. In the poem "Ten Years After". no racism.. change. how I place myself in the world the more it becomes simple and clear. 4th St. ing out. Amherst. to Chile under Allende. MA 01002) $2. effectively and powerfully responsibility. NY 11215) $1. and the her commitments—to a different kind of world. $2. change. Brooklyn.O. to make.O. myself what I am pretended it away It's very political.

to be honest. A lesbian language? We have one. Some of the poems are Most of these experiences were not worth living. and those really are. In some strange These poems talk to my gut. that my identity is seriously the answer at question month. we are making a different world. that as we make made me . loving women who went on paper. their sarcasm—and you have to fead up to now mostly pain. Our connections i I with each other are. them (I had to read them). Night Long had a lot to teach me. anyway because it was my life. But she proves that you don't have to us called straight society. gives you The poem "Master John" (the enemy prime) goes: the sense that Cavin has a warmth in her life now that makes it possible for her to continue to struggle—and has the faith in you know I can't hear you talking through your pants no that warmth we each need to stay alive. This book speaks an immed- iate lesbian language. pay homage to any tradition of lyricism. possible. songs. our relationships and talk about what goes on in them for ru. hell. and social realities strong. mostly brutal. we much less writing about. whole lesbian revolution. All the most hateful and mine (and some of the most hoped-for) things about our lives are together. how we need much more than a• ' and I'm in the closet spiritual (but that too) awakening or civil rights. for the experience of them can't (often. or I tried to write it all down some. seeing how we beginning. "Look Away Child": I don't get it. they bang at the shut windows way. and I could tell and lovers: by my first resistance that Me And Them Sirens Running /III THE S TOR Y OF A NNA . enlists women as agents.E. pun and twist syntax around outrageously—I love them for this. they tell me I have not been alone when women and psychopathic men who make up the i thought I was most alone (& howling). the early tenderness. f f f ' blowing my nose 47 . but I wrote them down could have a record of them called Bad Dyke Blues. 194 State St. They say that women families of America. you know—crammed with all the double meaning and your life .. to the book. "Pisces in Aquarius is a Fish in Water".n needing toward a lesbian consciousness. I admire that. keep doing. often a brutality dir. after all. (The Print Center. How 'the man' uses that love against family: » us. to build. legal. either. anger-seeing what the straight The second and third sections carry you through the joy of world and straight people do to us. do dah daddy wants a virgin 11215) reminded me of my first reaction to Sylvia Plath when he likes it tight someone handed me her poem "Daddy" in high school: But mama's in the kitchen cooking christmas (I said) that's not poetry—you can't tell me 'broke my pretty saying he's a sight red heart in two' is gonna be the art of the future. And even so. and our anger about how The majority of these poems are about relationships—with that love has gone wrong. followed by the word 'song'. still) take each other seriously enough to be and their political. Amerika (at least) has been weight. real enemies. - crazy. Sometimes. But she has the most . Susan Cavin's book. We need a paralyzed . It's To all the men who stand for that thing. and the poem used as preface play along. profanity of an oppressed subculture. Brooklyn. Me And Them Sirens Running All singing do-dah daddy don't you corner me tonight Night Long. ' i more power when she reaches back to the awful times when it tears I been mistaken so many times for your pin ball machine apart—she can bring that moment back whole—moment. Cavin's poems rattle and shake. going crazy ourselves alone in cities while we try to retain a sense of humor about it.. and the boys). when you just don't know what good it is to go on if you know what I mean being a dyke or alive ff you're gonna do it alone. to boil our speech to the bone and come out And to my family who stood between me and life. It didnt work out : quent rape of daughters by daddy). . in fact. I'm not the way he wants virgin mary every christmas night buying it (having read only T. our love.. the first time. NY. I must thank all the brainwashed straight of my resentments.' their anguish.a couple of times to know how much ected against each other where we've been kept away from our I liked them. coupled with all our submissive/slave training as women.. I gotta admit This is the introduction to part i. with something very alive & kicking. or the rhythm seems so broken to me it's hard To all the women I wanted and could not to focus rny attention (being still kind of charmed by what have because of this thing that stood between they call lyric poetry).S. We've all changed some since high school. Those poems don't do it in 'good last lines' but with the whole surge of their The lesbian culture of 20th c. here—the specific horrors and come-onsof our families (fre.

combines both the effect of nat- seems to me most tp require such an approach is Judy Grahn. where were they? Susann. D. . she somehow. THE WASHINGTON. Lee Lally. she has the woman female tradition in literature. Brenda Crider. . The contemporary writer I've read who Rhythmically.C. In A Room of One's Own text that renders the existence and emotional import of "trail- she demonstrated. he had lost Wendy Cadden. A Woman is Talking to Death. In A Woman Is Talking to Death. $1.: of how to look at a woman writer. detect reverberations of style. ing seminal tubes" inescapable. Diane Wallace (musician). seminal tubes were all strung out behind. Calif. but somewhere. head cradled in his broken arm. and his shoes. E. tradition in literature. . press your swelling weapon for example. . Grahn is at her best in deadpan description or rapacity of the colonized female: narrative.. . While deadpan description creates the most pungent effects all in an attempt to gauge the development of the female in Grahn's style. Graphics by Karen Sjoholm. Adrienne Parks. Gail Hodgins. has freshly explored she'd rather waste blood than a word. . it hardly exhausts her language wizardry. that was the only mark except his thin white The Women's Press Collective (525 1 Broadway. Vietnam by American military force and the hostility and Stylistically. WRITING-ON. . Lee Howard. ural speech rhythms. 94618). I found the tall young man who thought he owned the bridge. and a tautness of sentences that suggest She has a distinct yet tradition-rooted style. and.25 each The recorder effect of details such as the references to glasses Virginia Woolf threw a great shaft of light on the question and the "short cuts on the buttocks" provide a factual con. now lying on by Inez Martinez his stomach. Oakland. the narrator describes finding a corpse on a here bridge: ~ between us if you 48 . Judy Grahn. how to listen for tone. certainly in lesbian consciousness plead for intercourse in language echoing both the rape of of the recent past. among other things. Drawings by He had glasses on. Wendy-Stevens. She manages to create the illusion of the objectivity Stack your body of a tape recorder or camera. Two short cuts on his buttocks. for example. AREA LESBIAN FEMINIST WRITERS' COLLECTIVE From left. edward the dyke and other poems. Sunny and most of his levis. has a unique tone Vietnamese woman and an American soldier in edward and or voice that I think suggests a significant development in the the dyke and other poems. THE POETRY OF JUDY GRAHN . discriminate subject matter. Center from left. Sharon Gomillion. Carol Anne Douglas. most importantly. with the power of the actual. In her poem about a taboo subject matter. and then lambasts the reader on my body.

of course. absurdity: a pastiche of female experiences.Samson- Common Woman. she hides whose destructiveness can be made innocuous by sending her bad brown tooth behind a wicked flies up its trunk:/"blue flies. along Highway 80. and deflating male supremacy through humor. but suggests the American was machine perversely There is even occasionally a flash of self-pity. carry a double valence. the materialist bias of groups of lines together. the repeti. die laughing or what? what of the lines and their rhythm. together with the internal rhyme of size and lies crew drove. and it's not true smile. . in "A Woman Is Talking to Death. a beast tired and sharp-worded. crazjness in our experience.f the lines—Ella's reptilian manner of But sometimes Grahn's humor is simply grim and desperately defending herself. as when the nar- attempting to impregnate the Vietnamese people." . for instance." like. . the rhyme and repetition puzzled." And out of habit." male's penis. . faulty amphibian tank after faulty makes a unit of lines seven through eleven. She But the dominant tone and voice of her poems consists of creates refrains. In addition. shoo flies. that's the way. but flashes TV newscasts of body counts on the There is anger in Grahn's poems—she describes the lesbian reader's imagination." the Marilyn Monroe poem. "Come" and off the street. rock flies and sock flies. The poem in which she place among the imperfect. repeats words. the narrator says: "He died laughting: that's a fact. and of taking her plays with assonance and alliteration." In section repetition of [k]. in a square apron." * The rhyme of ess. push it quickly I should . can flies & do flies. and it runs through the entire life and faced with biological death? The Commmon Woman. thus movement. ing to testify for the victimized driver of the car killing the laden-line "what you call it" a stock phrase of people using cyclist. as in the poem She's a copperheaded waitress. rator in A Woman Is Talking to Death defends her not remain- an illusion of actual speech pattern is created by the horror." 1 there Each of these poems. and tells lies. those men. What is it to be a woman? To be a dyke? To live in a society sterilized by male supremacy? was the general their lover? To be a dyke in that sterile society blessed with biological Grim. and initial and three. The possible referents for the word "it" are dizzyingly many and all awful: prostitution. the and the repetition of [f] sound links lines four through six. the ass and pass rhymes." The common woman is as common • "And then you felt truly feminine. European witch trials. contains in your country. beating lustful male chauvinists—whose appetites have been A few lines should illustrate: whetted by the promise of seeing Marilyn Monroe naked—with Marilyn Monroe's skull. . for the lesbian women's Many of the words. the vowels [ai] and [i]. All these deft manipulations of sound emphasize specific as the water came in? questions that Grahn raises. poem. and what you call it most subtly. In addition. which £ells of an event in World War II when crew after final [s]. ass. She has a thin spine. description of Edward's psychoanalysis. as in the that passes for affection. used to emphasize the meaning of her lines and to thread them together.'under orders. as in her vision of. Well I bought a dress and a wig and keep a knife—keen to strip the game a girdle and a squeezy bodice. I did unspeakable things to my down to her size. walk bend stoop move my arms or spread my feet apart. fiance. the substitution of force for love. desperate humor. and of pointing to and undercutting the positions links the first three sentences. the narrator's expul- is to be an individual. she (the narrator) defends her action by preaching: English as a second language. or de. In A Woman Is Talking to Death Grahn juxtaposes joined to the accumulation of s's in the passage prepare us eight narratives and a conclusion all within the framework of for the rattlesnake simile in the last line. . I believe. Gralm thus guides amphibian tank into the depths of the sea. accentuate the meaning o. did they talk about. . as "angry energy inside a passive form. or self-sacrifice. this. "Weapon" not only means the American Carol. or victimization. and off the i appropriately enough equates orgasm from intercourse with the bridges. but still be be an individual woman. as a rattlesnake. destructiveness. a reply insisting that to be a woman hapless black driver. sion from the military and betrayal of her female lovers. The use of edand d i word-final male supremacy. and in particular. testimony at a trial. That new note consists primarily of humor. Further. Keep the women small and weak dehumanization. the and thus engaged. brother American soldier to knowledge of the enemy. scatters internal rhymes."Ella. willy-nilly-through emulation. the beating and framing of the to the first question. Grahn's style is also blessed by music. good. . My roast done. one day I will leave you there. armpits with a razor. . "Stack" not only means sexual of abandonment of the position of righteous. The consequences of such to understand your purpose engagement Grahn explores in "The Psychoanalysis of Edward what you bring us the Dyke. . Edward say's: She keeps her mind the way men "Oh yes." Edward's analyst replies. narrator's foiling of hcterosexist questions in a mock intcrro- 49 . "I felt truly immobilized. . pass and the repetition of pass in passes "Good. trying to cope with cruelty. most exquisitely writes thus is. in which she describes male supremacy as an elephant. helpless victim. My real date. My bellybutton done. the narrator asks: the reader within the form of free verse description with a kind of musical phrasing that interlocks both with the thought did they. mounting. and my nails done. In describing the dead cyclist. and flicks her ass flies. It is sometimes farcical. but particularly the latter. that previously mentioned seed of a new consciousness for the women's movement." "Elephant Poem. to fend off the pass sometimes the humor Consists of raucous caricature. I had my hair done and my face done swallows her eggs cold. She uses the refrain "that's a fact" as a tion of sounds and words and the use of internal rhyme knit means of parodying rules of evidence. portrait II in The The humor is sometimes macabre. is her most intricate reply the death of the laughing cyclist. . etc. or whatever—with come the existence of male supremacy. I could no longer run. and creating the effect of tautness. .

and Lesbianism together. and beauty. f f j Klaich attempts to demonstrate the heterogeneity of the Lesbian population through the use of interviews and a critical analysis of scientific theories about Lesbianism. tone emanate a new level of honesty. and to responsible autonomy: : to my lovers I bequeath the rest of my life. The abandonment "educate". hu. Her poems explore with openness. how do you know we happened to you? whenever our meat hangs on our own bones for our own use . which usually 50 .Y. refuses to divide the world into "good" and "bad". medieval punishment of adulteresses. in integrity. nocence exist nowhere. the Spanish-speaking attacker might have been the illegitimate son of the ostracized woman. N. passion. ho death Ruth celebrates herself / Photograph by Carol Newhouse you shall be poor The narrator has participated in death's cult by not loving or risking or living enough. 10020). most part have been written for the general public rather than bility. Woman Plus Woman: Attitudes Toward pathetic victims of male supremacy. These for the embrace contradictory elements of experience and responsi.gation. the narrator leaves the black driver to fend for himself ' just as her friends in the military deserted her. death. mor. for the ostracized woman. The dead cyclist might have been the rapist. Simon & Schuster (630 Fifth Avenue. ." and "no child m me". as feudal husbands let mice gnaw their way out from under cups placed on their adulterous wives' bellies. extend lesbian ethical experience beyond the question for an explicitly Lesbian audience. and the humiliating interrogation of that woman by hostile police. and for the narrator's beloved woman whose "teeth are white geese flying above" and whose "muscles are rope by Penny Green ladders under my hands"—is the starvation of death. . N. military sent 25 crews of men to their death. ho ignorant death. Their purpose has been to of social condemnation of homosexual love.Y. us who do not hold hands with you who do not embrace"you who try not to work for you . More love—for the black "lover" stranded on the bridge. claiming virtue in suffering. love. the narrator's fury at that attacker puts her in the same trap of sterility as the brutal cops—"no child in them. $8. your pot is empty death. simple victims and offended in. Grahn juxtaposes horror after horror in the poem. Section nine contains the narrator's declaration of commitment to her lovers. she betrays her lovers in the military as she deserts the raped woman. to defiance of death. attempt to big presses over the past two or three years. the raping of a 55-year old woman by a taxi driver. Women are no longer merely Dolores Klaich. lesbians are no longer Lesbianism. And here the new note is clear. Instead Grahn systematically suggests connection after con- nection between oppressed and oppressor. for the raped 5 5-year old A MATTER OF JOY woman. voice. each in his or her way worshipping objectification of self and other.95. for the brutal Spanish-speaking assaulter. or sacrifice themselves or trust or believe you. in post-5 O's lesbian consciousness. but. as the . destructive- ness. Grahn provides no answers except a personal affirmation of courage. With one exception.'. Judy Grahn's sub. ostracism of an unmarried pregnant black girl. Grahn unflinchingly focuses on the lineup of oppressors and oppressed. body of work on Lesbianism. many ways an excellent contribution to this contemporary ject. At least one of these {Sappho Was A Right-On of righteous defensive fury in a unique style still replete with Woman) was particularly concerned with bringing Feminism heritage seems to me an evolutionary development in our lit. ISBN 671-2169. ho death . and consciousness of one's Several books on Lesbianism have been published by the shadow side. Klaich's Woman Plus Woman is in erature. the physical beating of the narrator by a spanish-speaking homophobe.

Colo. . Ohio $4/yr. $5/yr. Inst. NJ-07017 $3/Fem. is a and each Lesbian struggles to create an identity that is unique.O. Rm. joy. 80210 S'5/yr. Box 840 New York. If there is to stagnation. This writes this somewhat apologetically because she devotes much historical overview further documents Lesbian diversity. for awhile) Big Mama Rag 1724 Gay lord New York .U. preserved and transmitted. regular Desperate Living Boston.'. stated at the onset. Box 354 P. Klaich recognizes but chooses to evade. Two interviews with closeted Lesbians (both pro. She was not to your favorite heterosexual! t t t a lesbian who wrote poetry. - $4 per year Baltimore. a mutual growth. MA 02116 (has stopped publishing 359 E. The greatest strength of the book lies in this lack the stridency that has marred the work of some of her section.O.But Natalie Clifford Barney and Colette.postulate uniformity in the nature of the Lesbian and/or in the become so carried away with the sexual preferences of Lesbian factors "causing" her "condition". is aware of this and argues that her data are analyzed from a The book is divided into three parts. Box 7124 $2. This is the one glaring weakness of the unfair to compare their situation to the situation of other book. IL 60660 $4 per year Oberlia. Box 60206 West Somerville. like the other possibilities.sample and how it was selected.g. I Relatively few people are aware of the Lesbian society that I do feel that lesbianism is a way of loving. with her intention. "Contemprary Voices". New Zealand P. AnsoniaSta. emphasizing the artistic over the pendantic and is a fine introduction to Lesbiansim. is a survey of Lesbian Klaich's Woman Plus Woman is well worth reading for its writers and Lesbian culture from Sappho to Virginia Woolf and excellent overviews. it is imperative that Lesbian history and rest of the book leads me to conclude that her theme is that culture be re-discovered. Klaich also discusses the writers that we understress their literary contributions. $5/yr. it can be a matter of describes some of the major participants. Orange. NY 10023 491 BoylsjtonSt." She reminds us that we often SERIAL MEDIA WITH LESBIAN CONTENT: $ . the Her analysis of Freud is very balanced and points out his fol. of this section. Klaich expresses her view of Lesbianism: ism on their own works. $4/yr. NY 10024 $2 per year $2/6 mos. a natural possibility. $4/yr. MA P. Liberation. Institute for Human Identity Box 7684 Waterloo Quay Dykes & Gorgons 490 West End Ave. work is certainly a part of this endeavor. 51 .O. 82 S. Klaich "cultural" contributions of Lesbians throughout history. "Historical Voices". Albion. The first. Berkeley. Klaich's "there are as many ways of being a Lesbian as there are Les. survey of some contemporary trends and themes such as Gay ly her own. e.15 each A Project of the Lesbian Herstory Archives Country Women A in't IA Woman ? Aphra Box 51 Focus P. The second part. a sociological truth Klaich representative of Lesbians some of her statements are. CA 94704 $12/yr. Class differences provde differential access to oppor." Lesbians are caught between the ghetto and the closet The third part of the book. Harrison St. 68th St. social phenomenon or "problem". or a sickness.50 per year Cowrie Boston. flourished in Paris during the early part of this century. MD 21218 Circle : Journal of Homosexuality ALFA Newsletter Box 427 $3/yr. Devon 02144 Oberliri College Geneseo.Box A-22 S. The book is well documented without being sis of the works of Sappho. DOB-Boston Iowa City. Her approach and style are low?key and Gertrude Stein. predecessors. Renee Vivien. "I do not believe that lesbianism is a sin. Klaich and as such. and I am skeptical about how tunities to transcend labels and roles.50/yr. This is consistent and social scientific perspective on Lesbianism. of constructive human interaction. 10021 Gay Community News Albatross Denver. Amazon Quarterly' Dykes Unite Lavender Woman Box 434 Coming Out Frazer. 22 Broomfield St. to present Lesbianism plains and discusses theorists such as Krafft-Ebbing and Freud. it is to a sample of Lesbians. of her observations on the results of a questionnaire distributed given the upper middle classness of her two interviewees.Box 1169 Box 893. is an overview and critique of the psychological presenting impressions rather than hard data. Klaich provides an interesting description and analy. bians. even destruction. Geneseo 1723 W. N. Klaich ex. as a heterogeneous experience rather than to continue. "Sex and "humanistic" rather than a scientific perspective—that she is Psychology". it can be a matter of mutual rective for this neglected'part of Lesbian history. Iowa 52240 New York. NY 14454 Chicago. MA 02108 E. to describing the impact of the authors' Lesbian- Early in the book. Georgia 30309 Wellington. She does not tell us anything about the nature of her Lesbians. Give it Lesbian: "Sappho was a poet who loved women. Atlanta. P. a crime. and provides a good cor- also. . like the other possibilities. CA 95410 $7/yr. Also included is a discussion of Lesbian oppression fessionals) stress their struggle to maintain an identity and in such areas as job discrimination and religion." This statement along with the be a "Lesbian Nation".O.C.Y. depressing trend of describing Lesbianism as a uniform lowers' distortions. She bases some lifestyle that transcend both ghetto and closet.O. Unfortunately. 419 $5 per year $4.

Box 8843 $3. we have included them ing from you if you know of new publications. Since we compiled this list for the lications listed here are strictly Lesbian. Stanford. we would appreciate hear.. 202 $3/yr. CA 94305 Washington. and Country Women. such as 13th Moon.C. DOB-New Jersey Montreal HST 3A7 Quebec. $4/yr. Box 62 Lesbian Resource Center Fanwood. Any interest to Lesbians. 30 Seaman Ave. but will begin again soon) Rochester.O. CA 95008 $4/yr.50/yr.50/yr. (suspended publication P.T. IL 60657 Jean Grove $1. changes of because they often contain news. $4. One-To-One. 52 . D.. While not all of the pub- able by the post office. poetry.50 Each Donations urged 80 Thompson (Long time before next issue) Lesbian Tide New York. MN 55404 Lesbian Connection 74 Grove St. purposes of archives subscriptions. So. The Second Wave P. NJ 07023 $5/yr. Majority Report. definite information will help us to provide complete and The Archives Collective <j>°- accurate records of Lesbian magazines for the future. TN 37916 ' 13th Moon Newsletter of Lesbian Feminist C/O Embissert/Kathleen Chodor Center $2.O. MA 02215 LEC News U. MI 48823 Mother Jones Gazette Kenmore Square Station $l/yr. 2104 Stevens Ave. and Tres Femmes were deleted support Lesbian publications in order to promote and main- from our list because our letters were returned as unforward. NY 10034 Chicago. For the hopes that readers will subscribe to those journals and example. Station E $5/yr. Uva Ursi Los Angeles. IL 60614 6RofW Campbell. Box 783 Women In Sunlight Chicago. Lazette Box 161. tain a Lesbian information network. NY 10012 373 N. Portcullis. Box 15833 C/O The Lesbian Collective Quest: A Feminist Quarterly Philadelphia. Station Knoxville. Canada So's Your Old Lady ( P. Lincoln P. t NY RF Newsletter New York. Western. Where possible. Box 811 Box 3 03 ' E.O. Echo of newsletters they can afford. Maine 04671 temporarily. OR 97497 Sistets of Sappho CWLU Lesbian Group $6/yr. Majority Report Minneapolis. publications such as Cries From Cassandra. Box 263 Lesbian Voices Secret Storm Wolf Creek. A NOTE ON THE SERIALS LIST The compileis have tried to be comprehensive and accurate. 20003 Free Womanspirit $7/yr. P. or serials that have definitely stopped publishing.O. CA 94101 $2/yr. Suite 402 Rochester.50/yr. 3523 N. Sisters 713 Monroe Ave. We believe it is necessary to Sappho.O.O. NY 10014 $5/yr. Box 8460 Bosto^. and/or articles of address. 1005 Market St. NY 14603 WJCCE Lesbian Visions $3/yr. we have included the price of journals in but we may have missed a Lesbian journal or newsletter. CA 90004 New Women's Times RFp $7/yr. Lansing. Rm. Ambitious Amazons New York. C/O Kathy 2748 N. PA 19103 Box 8265 P. Box 1471 Robbinston. Halstead . NY 14607 Long Time Corning San Francisco.

At 18.m. it convictions that she was "different". that one's diet is important to ones's Park. slightly larger audience. In 1956. deer and piled a collection of her Lesbian poetry—some of which dates birds. She is beautiful to look at. alone. 250 copies. The San Francisco chapter of the Elsa has written far more than she has been written about. poems from the book for re-publication. and to other women. and that if women there is a smaller. where there had not been before. but we all know now the truth of this observation. She has lived here ever since. radiantly healthy and is a huge garden where Elsa grows all her vegetables and greens. to begin tending her garden. because in 1923. a re- unharmed out the window. almost sacred space we in the northern part of radical thinker. The exception is. she eats light around twenty-seven years ago. eight home.) markable one. is now sturdily snuggled among canned). Elsa's friends helped her. that she needed no man appears that those of us who feel Elsa's poetry is incredible in her life. illustrate some fascinating things like Japanese Haiku poetry—and some of her more recent about Elsa Gidlow—that she was a suffragette at age 13. and that poetry and love of women were the dreams and beautiful will have to help finance again a privately most worth working for. teaching herself painfully all the verbal and written skills In 1950 or so. but Elsa has collected some of the Lesbian love poetry at an early age and. in spite of our efforts. she moved to New York printed. the ecological balance of nature are just now being noticed by the general public. in 1898. another slim collection. Druid Heights Press. limited edition. a tiny others in this country had the good fortune to have been collection of meditational and love poems. although the good fortune to have had a friend to aid her publishing. and as a result. Elsa 75 years of age. over a 10-year period. Since there were a few Lesbian and women's organiza- her making her living. These collections are not available anywhere. totally committed to in wisdom. alert. drinks no milk. by Elsa. that she was helping publish a small poetry magazine in the '20's. Elsa's house. England. Tiki keeps the gophers under control. steads. Elsa has always had to publish her own ants from her kitchen by picking them up and tossing them poetry. along with many love yond high school. including Alan Watts. who felt she should be that the atmosphere in the Bay Area was more conducive to heard. published Elsa's first book (with moved her family to Montreal early on. (She removes large With one exception. and has com- experimenting with new ways of controlling insects. a observations on the nature of growing things and on growing public smoker in the early twenties. and is the trees. though she was not educated be. to written. that her views on health. Moods her own life. j zine or newspaper. Her father the name of Will Ransom. Elsa had printed Wild Swan Singing. there are no more than 25 copies of this these scrapbooks are nearly every article she wrote for a maga. actually. PARTY SISTERS ALL ELSA GIDLOW women" at 18 years of age. devel- (and several other families) moved to this corner of the State oped in the thirties. however. and she avoids resorting to any chemical fertilizers or back to 1918—for which she is seeking a publisher. Millay. thinking her friends. at and the garden and comfortable house of Elsa Gidlow. noting in an article published in 1936 that California call Muir Woods (named for John Muir. some poems were again printed in 1971 in Elsa's best-known and her education. before it was State-owned. nearly every unpublished poem she has In 1973. book now available. Elsa herself is constantly giving frequent poetry Readings in the Bay Area. had gift. organic by K^ren Wells gardening. She began writing found today. animals. She is working now on her autobiography. f own "press". working with the Alan Watts Memorial. beautifully illustrated 53 . violence to the balance of her garden. fruit (home from neglect when she bought it. She retires at 9:30-or later. of course. men depend on a woman's care to exist. home of the Alan Watts Memorial Library. and Elsa spent her many overtly Lesbian poems): On A Grey Thread cannot be childhood of quiet poverty in rural Canada. more Eucalyptus trees and Douglas Firs than people. Elsa. Vincent Millay. and very little time apart of Eros. even more sacred. space called Camino Del stopped supporting men's egos. Elsa had only an abiding commitment to (because more were printed and distributed) volume. with donated labor. and wrested living spaces thinking abilities and one's longevity. Some one thousand copies were printed by Elsa's from surviving to write poetry. Elsa rises with her cat from the windswept old farm that had been there. This is her loveliest book. It might be mentioned that Elsa was a contem. Daughters of Bilitis (of which Elsa was an early supporter) Her study in her home in Muir Woods is stuffed With scrap. naturalist). in limited editions. in near-shambles meals of her own pure greens. were printed. signed helped with. made this volume available to many women outside the Bay books she has collected over some fifty years of writing. print two thousand copies of Makings for Meditation which self financed and distributed to special friends. So far. In area. spent the rest of her life giving space to her poems written since 1923. and began supporting herself through free-lance journal- ism. and that she could find here the open tions then. most of the restoration work having been done by sun-tanned and strong. if she Elsa and her lover. is the dramatic proof of her own ideas. written in the '30's. poetry on the East Coast in the 1920's. and precious few of the tiny poetry books she her. Elsa's Siamese cat tending her garden. which was really a group of In the '30's. Around the house has guests. a small book publisher by Elsa was born in Yorkshire. they both were writing from Limbo was made available to 300 friends as a Christmas-^. Letters porary of Edna St. Elsa moved to the San Francisco area. very little meat. would collapse. she makes her own yogurt. Elsa was and is a In the quiet. this was Tiki at 6:30 a. the world as we know it Canyon.' This article was written facetiously. this book found a spaces she loved so much. Many of her has many of her earlier meditational poetry-some of it very articles. as well as herbs and flowers—all organically tended.

One of my And of course. the removal of the need of "rouge" #nd the "kohl" freely. • '. • In that region of no birds Thieved a fair girl from their blight. the kind of bringing that many of us.. (She is contemplating a "part two" been observed that the nature of Lesbian love is that of reflec- of her life) The scene. in still available from Druid Heights Press. be windless pool. To my moon-enchanted garden. should be a combination of her art and the art of the woman Elsa's poetry changed somewhat from the traditional meter of (women) who illustrates it. she has brought many friends and several lovers. or be a mere adjunct to it. Emily Dick- Elsa has always printed her poetry in the most beautiful inson. favorites since it is so like Elsa herself in its delightful humor. I have stolen-her for a sacrifice and That I shall make to this fleeting night. a thrill which runs^ wish we could offer to women—the gift of roses. and a historical drama about influences. laughing. 1923. falls dead. since I personally relate to it. since her writings this style found little favor among poetry publishers. to the loving presence of Ella Young in Elsa's life. Elsa ultimately found in Muir Woods. plus $ . There is a special glory in Elsa's poetry. Seek not to read the smile For what will be done there Upon the waters' face. sure of herself. Will snare the gleaming wing: The thorns between us sting like love's pain. no person can come. arid to which quiet knowing. as Lesbians. Her flesh. . Where the waters boil black and has become a rather prophetic statement about Elsa's life: And the dragons are You are immersed in me. too) is Ask No Man's Pardon and is the story of her reflection upon the nature of loving (living). . Elsa's friend Ella Young influenced lyric and dramatic. volume. To Young Philosophers I have brought her. . She writes several "kinds" of most of the reflections in this mode were never published. Come not with wit nor guile. earthly delights) fully appreciate the awakening which Elsa sometimes too terrifying to face. the knowledge us who have been treated to Elsa's garden (or to any garden of between women that in that deepness is our psychic linking. Byron. with the line drawings of Deane Swick and the calligraphic when we consider the date of this poem. Be still a little while: Reflect. I find it most easy to focus on whose researches into Irish and Celtic mythology are still being Elsa's Lesbian lyric poetry. • I ask no man's pardon. Episode Beyond pleasure. and. this part of her poetic favorite poems from this period follows: output most closely expresses the struggle we all have had in letting our feelings flow. of love. I find it remarkably art of Philip Bouwsma. Where the earth groans with earthquake In about 1918. bitter and salt to my tongue. which of tion. span some fifty-five years. To a Wild Swan. This poem was published by a man. j The first poem tells of that region of each of us where. and used and appreciated (after her death. a Thing. . of this poem-is a garden. Asleep in my waking garden. contains many small poems dedicated ever she has had any critical attention (which has been seldom). put" poem. and copies are radical. Will Ransom. and of other 54 . How often has it life up to the age of 21. She has also written lyric dramas. Her book of collected Lesbian love poetry will tional" rhythms and rhymes common to the so-called Roman- be illustrated with drawings she feels will not dominate her tic poets. of course.'. unfortunately). (For what was done there ' Reflect that Smile. at a cost of $2. her earlier poetry and became more like haiku. Elsa's "poetry teachers" were Shelley. one of my I know you. where terror is kissed And the small I's die. some Elsa's poetry in a rather significant way (and there were other of which have been performed. is a "bringing a woman there is where we "know" each other. of reflecting "that Smile". It is also her latest. but early in her writings.) Ella Young was an Irish historian the California gold rush days. Elsa struggled with the "tradi- way possible. no net. Tread softly in that place. . no wile ' • • I. Her so many women have been taught to use to attract a man. And there is. as sure in the pain as in the joy. The second is typical of Elsa's wise lisher. . The same rough battle is felt in most of Dickinson's poetry. I taste with endless kisses and taste again. loose her hair. Clean the black kohl from the rims The intellect's rude rape of her eyes. of course. some- The title of Elsa's autobiography (which is seeking a pub-' how. This. through her poems and dramas. of the delight of sameness. I ask no man's pardon.break wild roses.25 postage. . . . and yet too marvelous—for describes in the poem. At dawn I leave her Be empty: very fool.. Of course. as I read it. One does not speak prettily of love. the glory of living fully. It is not easy to write about Elsa's poetry. poetry which might be very loosely-grouped as meditational. Elsa's since it is the group of Elsa's work most often ignored when. shy limbs. . As a result of this struggle. since she is a Lesbian. • • Still lets what lives escape. Elsa wrote the following poem. And poetry is a collection of affirmations of her self. Uncover the glimmering. She feels that her book and in many of Millay's poems. especially. In the 40's and 50's. and so. I have robbed the garrulous streets. And those of with the pain of being in the region of no birds. No web. of being still with each other..25. I brush the rouge from her cheeks. scatter them over her. Truth trapped.

I think with each other (how when one meets new people. Then Laura said that she had to leave now inviting you to eavesdrop on our conversation. that scpar- was artistic. The sheer volume of Elsa's work— that politics and art could go together. the play awakened in ater world without giving up in any way her claim and her me visions of a feminist culture. on which we both And then I ran into a Native American woman whom I had worked after the women had seized it. but Carol went on to form other groups. who had been Womanspace Theater Workshop which produced. and An Interview Itried several times after that to start a women's theater group. 1975. one has I was brought up like a lot of middle-class people in not having fantasies about each other.25 Movement when I came back to this country. and to live in complete harmony with the next summer I saw them on the streets here. and thought. but her initials were KJ). although I wasn't quite sure what that Mill Valley. and about how the others see us--' any kind of understanding of the arts. although she worked hard and long people in the Open Theater. And one of them broke her rib and went off to Cali- CAROL GROSBERG ON LESBIAN THEATER fornia (we won't mention names. and I'm what we were doing. I there are specialnesses in life which distinguish the mundane maintained that sort of feeling until I saw the Bread and Puppet from the wondrous—and the wonders appear through her Theater up at the Putney School with Peter Schumann (its poetry reflected from her life-long love affair with women and director). to me anyway. Wells. of a woman's learning to many) and from then on. I saw her in the street one day. CA 94941 meant. who had very strong connections with both her all-woman audience thought the play was marvelous. he asked me in his as long as we remain open to each other. Through her poetry. And then express herself fearlessly. indirect way if I knew any people who might like to work with the Bread and Puppet Theater. that was his very indirect way of inviting me to I am faithful to apples. she had and she said: "Do you know anyone who's doing women's recruited me into doing feminist guerrilla theater. While I was in Europe. so we put together a piece before she left and we decided recorded with her permission. A group Jeriann Hilderley formed from Burning City Theater by Karla Jay called themselves Painted Women Theater and stayed together for about a year and managed to put together one play which I met Carol Grosberg about five years ago. wrote. the works of her life as an independent and right to do something which was considered closer to the field free woman—shows. As I in a land of oranges realized later. but it seemed like the furthest thing in the world from anything I could do. I became very close to a British wo- able in limited numbers from: man who was a very militant feminist. Therefore. which I soon. and a process of growth into wisdom. Kids ateness. known from the Open Theater—I was close to several of the ever. Then I decided to get involved with the Women's 685 Camino Del Canyon Makings-$2. and reflect the Smile. that And although I was always very interested in theater. and then they stopped.50 for a while. in which the theater will have attachment to her own culture. So I became involved with them off and (Makings for Meditation) on for eight or nine years and eventually I went to Europe This article is copyrighted by Karen R. I first remember we performed. They did a totem-dancei herself. how.women. do it. on it. and breaking down the distance. her as a dynamic force behind Rat magazine. but the theater. I remember that first year too. help Peter sell some of his block prints. white women?" (Laughter) And that was the beginning of and most recently she was one of the three members pi the a collaboration between the three of us—Laura. several women who were working on Rat got together for several sessions and didn't know what we were doing and didn't quite believe we should be doing it anyhow. as you will "Can you imagine women's theater with Third-World and hear in the interview. that whatever women seek of art. Elsa's wisdom that were more serious and worthwhile. to a place where we felt a great attachment to each could paint and dance until they got old enough to do things other and what the breaking down of those barriers means)1. and I think it was in that Fall that the Burning City Women did a women's play.'"Muriel. Copies of Moods of Eros and Makings for Meditation are avail. it would be about the first eight months we were together- Karla: What happened on your way to Lesbian theater? juxtaposing things from our own iives (scenes of how we came to be who we are) with1 the development of our relationship Carol: I don't have any kind of background in theater. Carol's real love.. and I realized the principle of creativity. with them for eight months. So that year. and I couldn't think of anyone who I thought was Let me explain myself: • . which was probably one of the first wo- men's plays which was presented: It was episodes from their own lives. and I wanted to Muir Woods plus $ . and I thought and thought You say I am mysterious. performed the play Cycles. \ said to her: as a feminist actress was short-lived.) Aside do the extraordinary thing of being a professional in the the- from the beauty and craft of Cycles itself. unfortunately. tells her. do women's theater. . No one in the family ^ beginning/there. extraordinary and talented enough to work with them. But I knew that I wanted to do theater with women.25 postage for each. I and apparently the rest of the and . and those of us who have found her works. a large part. I invited Carol to drop over to my So we worked for a year together and didn't quite know apartment to rap about herself and about the theater. and almost before I knew it. was(not the magazine. and active in Weathermen and who came out of a Left background. (My family and Native American culture and who was managing to review of the play appeared in Win magazine recently. it was completely magical. and I felt the theater was rather frivolous. and I was transported by it. and so then it was all the work of her pen. My career theater?" And as I said in our play (Cycles). 55 . she has touched the very depth (a death dance with Peter first had done on the streets in Ger- and height of woman-loving-woman. and she traveled with us Druid Heights Books Cost: Moods-%2. after I had managed to to achieve for themselves and for other women will happen.

For me. But there was a lot of barriers. It. so the the piece. Carol: That's right. It were androgynous: in order to create great art a man has to wasn't worked out—we. so I don't know exactly where those things divide up. and more impressionistic. one of the things we have to months and months working Out the intricacies of this. Is this shift a natural development of your lifestyle or were literal. I think that's the fear that a lot of women have—that we won't Karla: The real struggle went on before you actually got to know how to separate out what's valid and what's shit. We need to begin searching for a way riot only of rebellion but of alternatives—how do we become stronger as women-identi- fied women in a society that in every aspect tries to destroy any kind of independence or any kind of deviation from the . and I think that if you want to go very deep into an exploration. and beginning to talk those things through. the way we perceived each other from our theater. that was a dis- ruption—I was being confrontational again and it was rather tiresome for them. We have to have enough finished. And for the other two women. their refusal to be confrontational almost made me feel like the monster. you're making a division. Now I want to work with women who have a sense of their own strength and their own value as women. I think the material we explore is where it's going to show up. That's what Cycles was about. was so intricate. and why they had done it. I think male theater to feminist theater and now to Lesbian theater. who understand something of how we've been formed by a male culture. whereas the other two women felt that it was over with and let's just do the best we can. It was a completely intuitive piece. because of the places we Carol: Well. the way we perceived each other from our own back. I think the latter term makes more sense. The best material came from things that happened outside the workshop-misunderstandings that we Karla: What kind of theater are you working on now? had because of cultural differences. norm? Carol (irosberg / Photograph by Rose Jordon Karla: And you're trying to express these politics in theater Copyright (c) Rose Jordan form? 56 . I can't say that if I had at all known. because of the places we each came from." It do is take valid experience from wherever we can find it. One of the obvious examples I can use is when we went to Purchase College. that it must have been so difficult to put together. it seemed to combine (which we felt it did too) a Karla: Are you aiming at what Antonin Artaud was talking kind of standard of theater and art together with a very strong about—theater as a complete experience? [I hate to quote personal and political statement. And it was difficult to say a man!] to people: "No. But for me. You moved from grounds. own cultural differences. I guess there's a lot of straight feminists who are confrontational. I was really angry at the way. absolutely. I think that the greatest male artists materials of our lives. there's a very big difference between women who are male-identified and women who are women-identified. and they had really fucked us over there. movement. and I feel a tremendous attach- ment to both women. tendency is to say that it's all shit. I want to doj Lesbian theater-woman-identified each came from. That was terribly important. that I would like any theater I do after this to be a little less . and people thought you don't have those cerebral defenses set up. the ways we've reacted to it. but it wasn't a meticulous going over of each part that that we have to start all over again. and I think it would be a terrible waste for us to think things. it was as important in a way to make those people see what they had done. I'd like there to be more there some difficulties in working with straight women? Ob- viously. and that it gets in the way of so many different things. you know it wasn't that we took months and Carol: Oh. although I wouldn't have traded the few years I worked with Muriel and Laura for anything. as to do the play. I do feel that there were some difficulties. they had fucked us over. and I always will.went over parts and knew when things have a very large element of feminine sensibility or feminine didn't feel right and we would take out things or rearrange spirit. and the ways we've been destroyed by it. Karla: There's really no good term for us. I mean that there are men people thought it would have to be to create a work that who have important things to say. I would have worked with Lesbians. I think We were very surprised how much it seemed to mean to there is a way in which the nonliteral can go deeper because women and how well it was received. and was because we were working in a very organic way with the then shape it as our own. Carol: I mean it's hard to tell. We were very honest in a lot of the things that we explored. in fact. more music and less verbal story-telling. confidence to take what's valid and throw away what isn't.

So consequently women don't bringing from that past what is relevant to us and combining know how to get money from the campuses. Unfortunately. I mean it's something we're find how to use that and not be destroyed by it. all familiar with: we're angry and rebelling against the Man It's important to see that we do have roots and a past. and once that For example. cultural groups. And that will be the new thing really demand the same kind of standards from their own for our kind of place. but by the fem. In a way. (Laughter) I ishing so much? really believe that with all my heart. I certainly in that theater." we support our own culture? It's true that there's not much And I think that that's been true to a large extent. Karla: How are you going to get these feelings into theater? Will your new theater also be "organically grown"? Karla: Are you talking about rites of passage and so forth? Carol: Oh. That's a big question: What kind of financial demands does a revolutionary Lesbian/feminist group ask of its audience? Karla: Then what you're saying is that a political/cultural split is a male trip. it's a false dichotomy. our culture is flour- Carol: That's exactly what I'm saying. The deeper we can go into our private souls. trying to inists themselves on the campus. The group I'm going to be working with becoming a sort of exorcism-a recognition through participation has a lot of feeling about music and movement. ple. most everyday kind of problem. The anti:professionalism is really valid because professionalism in the old terms means male profes- sionalism. "Well. but in a lot of places we haven't found an alterna- 57 . which every woman has. I've just to deal with. I think the first part of the Women's Movement the communication that comes out of it. this breaking the world has. The myth which was spoken was correlative of. It's not a going example from Cycles. songs. we simply were not taken seriously as a professional ing them for ourselves in the context of Western society. children of 5000 years of competitiveness and distrust. Karla: Why do you think that now.you can't create good art." Working together. In fact. And he said. as a culture develops. needed.the rite which was acted out. I think an art begins to develop and I think that's true. of group. Carol: Yes. and there's a way in which we're finding my own conflict about loving. saying: "I love all my sisters. We have to find a way of the Man has about ourselves. period is over. people find out that there's an awful lot of shit about paranoia. I think that's one whole discussion about art and politics. And it does have to do with exploring our sickness and Karla: What are some of the technical problems you have understanding it and exorcising it and finding new forms and doing women's theater? Is it difficult to get a place? Would in a kind of intuitive way of discovering tluvii. But the beginning of things has a . That sort of thing. our way back to the origins of art which lie in a sort of reli- gious expression. 1 mean they want good theater or music. You take the sim. some of One thing I haven't talked aboul theater is how closely it those conflicts would come out as negative towards that per. Let me give you an poetry. I would find that my per. The origins of you rather work on a regular stage or do you jvist need an area? myths is in ritual. not only by the theater departments. It's really son. and that's what our theater is about. If we were to explore this sort of private hell of con. but that's money within the community. out to the airport. if I had a lot of conflicts about loving someone. and it didn't. and I happened to drive a customer. and that's supposedly the source of all literature and again to our contact with other women. was absolutely essential. down into small groups working with people whom you can : Now you said before that a lot of the paranoia is justified. we were talking. and it's interesting. but it's a finding of those deepest places and find- form. the political theater that is being done in the Women's Movement has brought a political purposeful- Karla: And will it also be multi-dimensional—music. Karla. certain rhythm and euphoria of that discovery. before ypu turned the tape on. flourish. intuitive source for that politi- and everything? cal expression. trust and whom you know. It was only later that the Carql: I don't know wheather you'd call it a technical problem •myth became an explanation of the rite and it was completely or not. We're sort of coming back to that. More and more the barriers won't be there. want to work with them myself. was a male painter. we live in a culture where money is line culture. but I think some of it isn't. if of the really difficult questions within the Movement. we would be able to exorcise years that it would all go away. And there was a kind of naive expectation the first two ally with music and dance. for example. and ceptions of it are something that are shared by most women. and find. Yesterday I was driving a taxi tive and it's the old proverbial throwing out the baby with the (I'm a cab driver). that the fantasy of sister- discovered it in my own life and in talking about it with other hood is somewhat more complex and difficult that simply women. she could see it as a kind of a sacred art and movement—it touches on the deepest and most malevolence towards her. If that person were paranoid. and they don't it with our present experienpe. I can't imagine working any other way. absolutely. plest. ness together with a creative. For exam. you have a direct political intention. Yet. We and at the same time we've bought some of the beliefs that can't survive if we live in that past. How do. And we got into this Or they want things for almost nothing. but I think the most difficult problem comes back separated.. away. and what's happening now is that theater is Carol: I think so. Paranoia pervades women's lives. is connected with the arts women are developing. who bathwater. our culture's going to because art's been defined as a male art within a whole mascu. in an era when Lesbian political groups seem to be floundering.Carol: Yes. we're the tinual distrust and apprehension. it was really an expression of universal experiences. but they often express contempt for aijy kind of thing which we'd call "professional". When we would go some place to per-y backwards. the more universal will be the message or Carol: Well. women in 1974 in a highly technological country. with two years in the Women's Movement that doesn't all fall And maybe in beginning to explore it theatrically and nonverb. and the audience will participate. and I don't con- some of the hold that that kind of paranoid way of looking at sider this a retreat at all but rather another step.

not detached or cynical. She said. . by permission1 of Janet Sergi. She was all alone and her family didn't come to see her MLA annual meeting." issue of Big Mama Rag (1724 Gaylord. This wasn 't anything like I scribblings we all do for ourselves in our notebooks and diaries. no one read PMLA. " My mom told me that everyone has something I something that someone can say something about. Two of us had stopped reading the New York Review have much self-confidence. A working class bar is created "Nothing in this world makes any sense. editors (Box 434. together. Her life is in touch AMAZON QUARTERLY by Elizabeth Diggs with her womansoul and that soul speaks to the great social questions of our age. sure made a lot of grammar mistakes.50.the century of the ugly." . Unlike male heroes of this century. she became our grand. They tell you things that end up to social ridicule: be empty dreams and at first you think it must must be you "I showed my book to my English teacher. yet I could yell at the top of my lungs STOP! STOP! Stop when endowed with a womansrevolutionaryconsciousness and letting me see'all these things. grounds for bourgeois snobbing. CA 94618) $2. During the conversation. West Somerville. Gina Covina and Laurel Galana. Last December. and that I had to get some guts. the higher This one night everyone sal talking about their jobs and at wholeness and beauty which is our womansheritage become fact. She is a fairly good ball player. It was a straight bar hut I felt at home there. Mass. I fought / used to go to this bar and sit. I was having dinner at a Chinese rest- very often. The book reads like the private bring to the breaking point. it changes the ordinary into the extraordinary. courage of Books. This is why the novel breaks new artistic grounds. "I'm a truck driver and people think I'm crude. It is a novel written in the rhythm of the working "Dad was not very rational and my mom was really class. ed out loud what periodicals we were in the habit of reading with many bad days.and compassion. I couldn't understand This novel is exciting because it is the beginnings of the new how shock treatments alone could straighten out a confused womansnovel: where form and content blend harmoniously mind that had taken years and deep seated roots to finally into a new womanvision. " $ 5/yr. strong in this world because this world is rotten. In this womansnovel a common scene becomes the testing Sharon is a real heroine and not an anti-hero. She is active. Oakland. And in this very act of faith. Yet she has a burning desire to write just a case to be experimented on without any understand- and an innate love of woman. very shy. thai moment I found out another thing we all had in com. 1975 "I'm a bar maid and people think I'm a slut. but does have much love. . We are our own heroines. after a day of seminars and meetings at the ma. A brilliant class analysis threads throughout the work worried that the shock treatments wouldn't help him.-. honesty. But the way things are under the Great Male Systems of Capitalism. doesn't regularly. using pithy dialoque and an utterly honest first-person narra.. Imperialism. ing or care about the human being. She was very lonesome and so we adopted her. has much rotten luck. to write in the face of they teach you either. She questions the ugly reality of her father's insanity and knows Sharon Isabell. CO 80206). a poverty-stricken childhood It seemed like they didn't consider my dad a person but and many false friends. It was dimly lit and the all my life against believing that. My mom told me I was soft poetic insight. "I work in a garage and people call me a grease monkey. YESTERDAY'S LESSONS Sharon hates ugly sights and outright questions why things by Janet Sergi are the way they are. behind us and even though Jan offered her a can of beer one night when we were having a party. one of us wonder- in size or strength or ability. We went to talk Jo the psychiatrist and I began to lose faith tor. mon.." "I'm a Navy wife and people think I run around with other men. I i and finally you realize that it happens to others too. from Dec-Jan. The Woman's Press from the depth of her womansoul this is not the way things - Collective (5251 Broadway. studied in high school. Isabell.00/one year • "There was a cute little old lady that lived in the house subscription. Sexism and Racism. animals and old people. 02144) $4. two 58 . " people that went in there seemed to be singing this sad song She is heroine because she acts as if there is truth. " rotten luck. symbolically Taking my own advice. Denver. two subscribed to Aphra. must be. Yesterday's Lessons. monthly) t t t " "I work in construction and people think I'm tuff. She said you have to be Insult becomes solidarity. The dialoque is straight out of daily life. " aurant with four other women-feminists and teachers of lit- The new womansheroine is not of the male tradition-heroic erature like myself. Why do I ~ in the mind's eye by the subtle and skillful use of white lower keep seeing all these things happening around me? I wish class dialect. Sharon's life > flows in the wholeness of a womansworld. a brutal father. "I'm on welfare and people think I'm lazy. in psychology. children. many terrors. Amazon Quarterly. " (Reprinted. and love in this world. I was going to Sharon has womanfaith in the world despite much evil and keep on writing even if every one thought I was crazy. The psychiatrist didn 't ask anything about Sharon is a working-class dyke with hope in the face of my dad's background or anything about him personally. but the world isn't anything like Sharon tells us (herself) of her desire. True revolutionary art explains how theory and practice become one in the daily life of a new woman. I read Yesterday's Lessons by Sharon presented as psychology.

Gina and Laurel. The point of the article is that the research But I am the one who is simmering now in progress will give human beings unprecedented control already. It is the authentic voice of the ation. challenging. strong say that "with this issue. I'll describe the kind of material AQ publishes. Laurel's article on "Radical I fill my pen with my womb's blood Reproduction" is a fascinating review of research on controlling (Jennie Orvino) the sex of the child. Vol 2 no. "I want to ." 2000. and have searched for answers with integrity and an unmistak." and specifically I want to hear your minds as well as hold your hands. produces only female children) but great interest and much ( Adrienne Rich) grant money for the artificial womb (which would give men more control).) To answer that question.D. In the Spring 1975 issue (Vol. we would like to say good-bye to •s stories: lesbianism as a focus for discussion or debate." In fact.. But the voice here is not polemical or even strident. we all looked at several schol. the editors I see your lips moving. from the love of women for '•• watching. in my opinion." with her parts Gina's subject and tone in this essay are refreshing for any- coming one trying to'weed out the sexist assumptions from that person's with her parts own garden to allow room for more productive growth. . incisive. gynogenesis." articles have examined the most basic issues of the female spirit.. press—by lesbians and straight women. human condition. will there be one?) the voice of Amazon Quarterly be- never stopped comes reckless. turkey trot. strictly to lesbian issues. but the only periodical that coining all five of us read every issue was Amazon Quarterly. Last out. So I write this polemic I inist arts journal." writes Gina ( in "Rosy Rightbrain's her words Exorcism/Invocation". coming arly journals with some regularity. the richest (Ellen Bass) and most subtle reflection of contemporary women's culture." and will explore "universal questions about how to Honor Moore's injunction has been heard. unsure or daring. pro- and the woman viding a valuable summary of "the potential (for good and/or- the woman evil) which is developing in the scientific laboratories.s. with her parts better about the writing of this now. and how flew with they took over the world. . 2). it is informative and careful. AQ can catch up on the backlog. kiss your mother. say "Write poems. pu/. You have stories to tell. this may be some kind of record. I'm feeling . what is it? parts coming out If not. Here the It is a voice of fierce energy: voice is serious. a student in my literature class borrowed several (Susan Griffin) copies of AQ for a report on lesbian literature. par- thenogenesis. but only "I want to describe how men come to . holding on and _^. artifical insemination. 3 no./. She explains the sexist bias of re- and yes. a future that could make (Robin Morgan) contemporary sexism seem benign. and it was returned a week later by a Go back to Minnesota and toast an English muffin. She asked if Images of blood and danger rip through the myths of shame.led.read American Poetry Review. over the future of the human race. read them. and my god. women. . Even coming the interruptions are less a plea for indulgence than an explana- 59 . called "Explor- able authenticity of voice. she could keep them an extra week to show to a friend. and cloning. Amazon Quarterly was initiated in 1972 as a "lesbian-fem. . writers and critics. voices that shout. 4). What is it about this journal that elicits such a response? do the. predict that future material will be anything "from poetry to (Honor Moore) physics. there is an affirmation of female ex. reflective. "Do you think I could borrow a copy of The voice can be impatient and insistent: Amazon Quarterly if Sue is finished with it?" I brought in another issue for her. Poems have been coming in along with dozens of established and unknown women writers at the rate of 500 a month! For a journal with a circulation of and artists. but women. Words that have been kept safe and silent come gushing forth A student from another class ran up to me as I was walking in voices that can be harsh and disconcerting. interrupting the essay • with her words every few paragraphs to let us know how she feels about writ- with her words ing it—"I don't like the way I'm writing this. This even to voice is clearly unlike any woman's voice we have heard before. . makes it exciting and unique and. examined them with a woman's conscious- ness and not in terms of male-articulated theories. I just got up. have asked "universal questions about how to live. The current issue live. drive a cab. drop-outs and Ph. third student. I think." the woman In a fascinating series of articles exploring the question of with her female culture (Is there a female culture? If so. In the non-fiction section of the journal. . we will be dangerous production research: little interest in parthenogenesis (which to ourselves . the editors." Although the focus has never been limited call a poem. this is a good description of what AQ has done of AQ calls for "a moratorium on poetry submissions" so that and been from its inception. eat in restaurants.hale women. and attempt to define what You arrange it. say yes. perience that comes. I have seen you watching. with diffidence and arrogance sometimes painfully juxtaposed. across campus. run for mayor. (It is read—as eagerly as if it were contraband under a censored dig for sand crabs with your babies. semester.

of women who have reflected group that grew out of the Panther convention in D.' I know Men have to do that themselves. I feel it in my blood and that is proof enough.C.g. as a feminist grolip.tion of assumptions: "I want this article to include all of the men suffer some of the same oppressions I do.g. the fears themselves and think it's realistic to pretend they're not. and where it might lead 5. I had doubts the thought came from. but they're in the world and I don't vision. we're doing a 3rd World women's group called Gente (pro- in the shadow of possibility. We formed our own 3rd were snickered out of "reputable" scholarship years ago—e. and 2) certain assumptions unwelcome in the bars—they don't cater to us. It's Amazon I am who can say 'This is how it was'5. I could never be a separatist. certain realities of culture that I know to be true although they they're just trying to make money. even the that are basic to my understanding of reality—e. community? thing whole and not cut into pieces. the boredom blocking fears. intuition. and the power of that representation you can feel in your own heart. And the wise lean it's not the blacks' job to teach the whites about racism. And now that "proper" know. but it doesn't work." BMR: How do you see your involvement in the black This desire to include "all of the process. World team. I don't have process I go through in writing it—all the despair and ecstatic much energy for men. Thats what the dedication in Child ofMyselfiis about: my father had wanted to be a farmer. Francisco-we all get together and form basketball teams and The exhilaration comes partly from hearing affirmed 1) play each other. of all of us. of where ism is a divisive tactic in the black movement. I'll talk to them. but he gave up that idea so we could have the things he wanted for us. the official line was that the men were dealing with persona is shunned. not the writing. Adrienne a bar together. In the late 60's we had a black woman's books and clothes and language. So the impatience dis. BMR: Were you ever married? . . from now. Black and 3rd World 60 . PP: We'rea group of women trying to deal with racism just the way I myself proceed. and what I say will be true. carefully restricted to the right nounced Henta). they Rich . and then the shit hit the fan. A lot of folks say femin- with the thought keeps reminding us of who she is. My first husband convinced me I was a fuck- up—he was a writer too. flesh and all. But these BMR: Could you tell us more about Gente? stops and detours and round-abouts are actually quite familiar. that the music on the jukeboxes is white music. and although I was writing prose at that time. and only the whole their sexism. in fact. We are used to following straight paths. and . The bars are run by white women. t ff PAT PARKER TALKS ABOUT HER LIFE AND HER WORK by Libby Woodwoman of Big Mama Rag BMR: Will you tell us something'trf your background? I Pat Parker: My parents always encouraged me to get a good education. BMR: Are you a separatist (a woman who does not work socially or politically with men)? Pat Parker / Photograph by Paula Wallace PP: No. Black people feel • that matriarchy once flourished. the mask is torn off." The many voices of Amazon Quarterly des- cribe a world within each of us that has not been spoken of before. I had a pretty strict upbringing.000 years not the women's job to teach the men about their sexism. feelings.has said that "the power to describe the world is the ultimate power. BMR: Do you see a conflict between your feminism and The insistence on the whole self can be confusing. When we come into symbol is more powerful than the sword or the word. It's like racism- then the vision again behind the fears. and they made sacrifices for me. woman will dp—brain. is the yearning of women who have lived half-lives. Gente grew out of the bar scene in San appears and I begin to get the whole idea. But when they get it to- that if I include all the parts of me I will have included parts gether. . Now whole self. his writing was always more important than mine. He criticized my prose. PP: Twice. a group of black and 3rd World women.000 words about that myself at one time. You propriety in the smug male mirror. . your commitment to the black power movement? cult to follow the development of a thought when the woman PP: There are political problems. and feel exhilarated. cunt." to describe some. to be there with one's PP: I was involved in the Panther party in the 60's. ago. After that I decided to get rid of the husband. sure. so I got to writing poetry instead. it is diffi.

I blow them right off the stage. But you know. I'll be getting a novel to the press BMR: Will the Collective publish any woman's work? pretty soon. need them. It's musician. ^ PP: Some criterion is needed for what to print. so they can be the main show. too. year after year. when I read to them. with a few dreams and things get destroyed if people applaud when you're doing pure thrown in. PP: Yeah. When. Denver. Poetry has been controlled PP: Everything you read influences you. It's not fair to a woman to print her work if it's not thing about it? . I'll have another volume of poems out soon. fuck poems. they'll try to I came out. $5/year. saying what I think because of the audience. I feel different when it's all women. I can be a very hard poet to BMR: Do you consider your poetry a vehicle for your follow on a program. It's all a bunch of shit.] PP: Yes. academic couldn't do anything else until I got that one out. 25 or 30 of us. I get higher 61 . PP: Because I'm advertised as lesbian poems. Workshops arc PP: Star tripping can really hurt you as a writer. It's a read it over and over. They've set the standards. PP: I guess I play wifh them more than anything. I know the game. 1 724 Gaylord. You can't write without a few fantasies. I read best when I'm angry. but they help me do it. You're can't help writing for an audience. I can go back to prose now that my lover's a good to print something just because a woman wrote it. We've been I try to blow them out of the room. killed by her husband. I for what's a good poem. If I'm Then I got into writing love poems. * honest. BMR: Has your writing changed now that you know you That kind of communication with women poets gets me have an audience? high. not there to receive applause or give it.You live politics. It's not PP: Yeah. I they're supposed to write. I by men for so long. . Womanslaughter. together about a year now. Since Sometimes when I'm reading with male poets. they make me so PP: I write about what I feel. So far we've been play. I make assump- ing basketball and Softball. I don't hold back from angry. We want to take the emphasis off sports. There's so little poetry for slaughter out. ment of your poetry? kill the whites poems. the criteria worked on that poem. ference to you when you read? CO 80206. Junk is . A Woman is Talking to Death. When the sound like they could be for a man. it's going slow. good. I BMR: How do you respond to those labels? think that's pretty crazy. Sometimes it's not time to print your stuff. Judy's poetry is pure delight. and that makes me angry. we sure crap.there are men. Be serious about what's happening. You can really sort of autobiographical novel. That's what it's all about. [Reprinted from Big Mama Rag. I write out of where I'm at. Then it hit mi how to get Woman- matter of where the control lies. they're there just to hear the poetry. for three years. We need feedback from each other. Not holding back is political. You try to make it as obscure as possible. it just goes on us because look who sets the standards. The title poem's about my sister. me in school. Sometimes I feel I'm not angry PP: Well you know. most all of my poems deal with racism and me or get me to read first. but some people still try to do that. They politics? don't know it. f t t BMR: Does the composition of the audience make a dif. to be so damned universal. I fluenced you? i just want to say what I mean. I'll read dyke poems. I hadn't Wo manslaughter. Then I wanderings. first I wrote like they tried to teach enough to be billed that way. monthly. I play sexism and me—and love poems for women. who was really thought of my poetry as political. though. but we're starting a theatre group tions that they're not going to like where I'm coming from. BMR: Why do people go to your readings? BMR: Could you tell us something about the develop. BMR: You're working on a novel? Will you tell us some- junk. but I was making them advertised as a black poet. . too.assume we're going to make trouble. Children are still being taught that that's what read Judy Grahn's poem. Keep the shit communication. their game. It's a like going out too early and doing a reading. BMR: How do you deal with the question of standards? BMR: Are there any poets who have particularly in- PP: All standards seem to exist to obscure meaning.. getting better and stronger. I guess I'm lazy. Finally I stopped trying audience is women. The way we BMR: Are you planning to publish again soon? publish a book (at the Women's Press Collective) is political.. But you good for that.

In one by Fran Winant • • . They labor—mailing books and doing publicity. But I wanted the books. . as best I poetry. who didn't know how to insist that their sis. The book was titled. . Some could. joined us to read and select the poems for thought the book could be sold through free mentions and the anthology. way we could hope to make back our costs and have money (food co-ops. The poets were the women who had read at the attempting to make a synthesis of art and politics. Some of my poems 'childhood'. her own experience.finished it contained the work of about 35 women from across ment audience. to publish myself. I started asking myself: 'how much do women want gave my labor). and most often was never paid. the reviewers seemed surprisingly in- LESBIAN PUBLISH LESBIANS: MY LIFE AND terested in finding things to criticize. published asked them to illustrate the book. • ' laying it out. instead of my adult experiences living with another talked about the past—perhaps grimly. and recommended the book. with woman and being in the gay and women's movements. Looking At Women. and priced the anthology at $2.review non. I . 'myself. and how they said it. as if Looking At Women was about my iences and feelings as I never could before. with a stapled binding. worked with me. despite going to do this. did so once or twice and never again. printing field. Their review got few reviews from women's (or other 'alternate') media. I didn't think about advertising costs because I naively third woman. mine were too personal. groups putting on for future books. A woman I knew started a. Another review. course. I hadn't figured out how I was going to pay for the anthol. I was the coiintry. Press joined COSMEP. but she never did. She helped me get it printed in pamphlet style was treated asa peddler.50 price of Looking At Women. I sent her would publish other women. the fact that I have been corresponding with her about this I drew/the cover for my book. sent leaflets to the stores on their list.50 price was too high for them. When the manuscript was by a woman active in the movement. Few women. I began to get nervous about money. She told me immediately that I was One woman asked me if I was living on the money I made from making a mistake in. We assembled a group of lesbian artists and about a book of poetry dealing with the movement. were too short. Violet other and the society around us. unpaid. grow up as a lesbian. though for my work to go. I had created another 'movement men to $1. I'm still asking myself these questions. Judy Grepperd. women's schools and centers. and a writing. anyway?'. This was my way of offering others. women's literature. At non-oppressive women's dances-groups in which I also freely last. Some movement We sent out review copies of the anthology but. the reviewer said my poems were too long. ^ a belief that lesbians would never again have to be martyrs to Most movement papers that mentioned Violet Press at all our isolation.were enthusiastic about the fact that my book to be in the price range of every woman who wanted I had gone to so much trouble to publish my poetry and start it. . The strength of their feelings was what made their work anthology. and when we got our bill. Dana. we got neither the ink not the Press books or see a press like this Continue are willing to paper we expected. I didn't think of the high cost of postage. The knowledge that there was a place lesbian poets were trying to say. the other woman's I wrote many of my poems specifically for the open poet. I hadn't herself. and said she would publish other women if she ever found My first objective was to distribute to women's groups and I anything she liked. These reviewers. which was. . When I realized that I w^s particularly hurt when women didn't pay for the books. sections were always filled with long. predictably. MORE VIEWS establishment books. In my work tad the way I presented it. When these papers did. review. newspapers did mention it. Another 62 . I decided to start a press that One woman asked for 500 books for a conference. My friend in the printing business was tired of freebees ogy out of the $ .50. 'how much do lesbians want ters pay enough to insure the group's survival. out to get other women's money. . It was amazing zines. I sent out many free copies of the book. I expected movement publications to be enthusiastic how long it took. By writing to bookstores munity we might create if we could be more open with each and women's centers. Some of my poems looked to the kind of com. of weren't Curious about what a sister had written. my a press.sonally and politically. now for 2 years! When I tried to personally sell my book at typed up the manuscript and took it to a woman I knew in the women's get-togethers that I would have gone to anyway. She sold 6 and I was never able to get back the rest. I managed td get some orders. I didn't really know how I was 50. ry readings that were considered important at the start of the This gave women reading the review little idea about what two women's movement.M the artists who contributed to the book worked for weeks for myself. We discussed what the poems had to say. in the process. like many other women's 'alternative institutions'. Even the $ . lesbian literature?'. We Are Are All Lesbians. mentioned only that I talked about how it felt to immediately made me able to write about my personal exper. but few reviewed it.. in which my book and another were discussed together. and an all-women's audience to listen to it.eager discussions of One reviewer who liked the book concentrated on one poem whatever books about the movement were being put out by which reminded her of an experience she'd had. who TIMES WITH VIOLET PRESS ought to be making extra efforts to understand what their j sisters were saying. We raised the price of Looking At Wo- contribute to its support. and which took many hours away from my One other woman. 'but also joyfully. the same opportunity to be published that I was taking . and intended for a move. told about establishment publishers. . seemed to make little effort at all. PART VI MORE VOICES. would have.per- reviews in women's and other movement newspapers and maga. stationary. It was the only freebee'. favorable. press to publish her own work sent books on consignment. hers were too general. the printing costs were yet learned to ask how much women who want to read Violet staggering.pricing the book at $ . In the' open poetry readings the movement once considered impor^ back of my book was an ad asking for women's poetry for an tant.

-W A MAE A HE POSTERS" aperback of poe ne of the first bian/feminist EN'S GIRL IN A CORNFIELD a. Short biographies of women ranging 36 pages. essence of lesbian/feminist politics NANCY McHALE .25 . Blue on responded to it.. d | | I | NCH.00 NAN|py MYRON and on confetti pink. NANCY MYRON The Datebook 1976 will Send orders to: Blue and brown on light confetti blue. 12 in a package $1.. 9W JC 13"V $. bound.v • .25 CASEY CZARNIK & C O L E T J | | § | | Contains 53 washes arid i SS AND of ancient female NISM facts.«iimfiiiii 120 pages.. .t\f. '• :. Baltimore. ..50 DIANA PRESS PUBLICATIONS POSTCARDS 12 W.. NANCY MYRON and CHARLOTTE BUNCH. P $3. 1 975. eds. 7" x l 4 " '. spiral and drawings . . . EMENT . 3 " x 5". nces affect women in GARLAlW~ 1976 WOMEN'S ement. " LOTTE BUNCH. 25th St. "'.50 28 pages.^ 14".-.50 . children and love for other women. paper. 7". $. -•?t.00 from the Trojan Women to Gertrude THE DAY SONGS TO A BEFORE 1976 DATEBOOK 89 pages. eds.. POETRY ESSAYS THESE DAYS WOMEN REMEMBERE! diana LEE LALLY A woman's experiences of family. '21 21 8 CASEY CZARNIK Graphics taken from The Day Before and printed black and orange on beige .. 3M •"" postage and handling. AFRICAN WOMAN k. • ' . woman ih s 40% discount to booksellers. graphics '. slate. be available on October ft. photographs GOATWOMAN V $2. $.••. 104 pages. ceibter-sti 8s Please include an additional 15% iot EARTH ' ' . 9Vi" x 13". Orange on beige. ' • lifiiiit§ff§v|||S t bound. marriage. Spiral fooiind in the squares marking off the K L! AN ISM year. perfect bound. : >. } Q ( d how the women's movement has Reproduction of a woodcut.'.•. .ra wings Reproduction of a #oodcitt. photographs 100 pa A collection of 13 and drawings on heavy q ADL&3 er. eds. Md.25 CASEY CZARNIK .. perfect bound. center-stitched $1.

Instead. They expressed the hope that they would never have to publish through the establishment again! (But the irony of this is that they don't have to do it again—once is enough to establish their legitimacy as writers in their sisters' eyes). Cowrie Magazine. She describes me as.e. I was only 'a small press person'. the following COUP $1. Angela Peckenpaugh's reviews were incredibly insensitive. Washout wfeaturing contemporary poetry and art reviewer said that some of the poems were good. a friend of mine. we decided to organize a 'small press panel'. A lesbian group was presenting a "writers' panel. 'how can I get my work published?' The irony of the original writers'. NE 68501 leaflets for the panel. to publish no book at all? How had so many women's energy 1.00/four issues.o.O. Desperate Living.the newspapers.panel from which I was excluded was that the writers who were allowed J. (or the way women had held certain values all along that I refused to recognize). As both a lesbian writer and publisher I thought I had a lot to say. 1 3). (no. sane" —as if I am describing myself as a goddess. printing and distributing P. magazines and books of today. Peckenpaugh likes my poetry for its 'complete honesty' but goes on to imply that I said things I never said. Why did we have a staple-bound book instead of paying several hundred extra dollars to have it square bound? Why did we have a book that was typed by the editors instead of our paying an extra hundred dollars to have it typeset? I now accepting fine poems arid wondered why this reviewer didn't 'intuitively' understand unique graphics. schenectady. deserving of a p." and I was asked to be on it. But by Leonard Nathan if I liked. a magazine supposedly concerned with alternate literature. 12. where I could speak about Violet Press in splendid isola- tion for an entire afternoon. and complained that the book's format was 'unprofessional'.95 incident happened.50/single. I could have my own 'Violet Press panel' at a later date. and hard work vanished into the book itself and become mean- and brief bio note ingless. invisible? Would having spent an extra $500 ($500 Washout publishing co. sending letters and questionnaires to other Windflower Press presse. some bad. box 2752. and that the alternative would have been subscription 5. we didn't have) have made this a better book. photography that we had done the best we could with the resources (and experience) we had. from the days when Toklas published Stein to the present. new york 12309 better review? As if to make clear to me the way movement women's values were changing. typify the struggle that is ahead of us as we attempt to com- municate with a wider audience. We worked endlessly. The question asked most frequently by women in the audience was. drawings. "Wondering if she is goddess-like. phoning them long distance. One of the women planning it.-that image apparently inspired by these lines from the poem "Looking At Women": / understand how long each of us was locked up with herself how each self became goddesslike in dreams compared to our real powerlessness ZrifW She further describes me as "Looking for leaders"—as if I am waiting for a new Joan of Arc or female Feuer—that image ap- 64 . and Lavender Woman participated in the discussion. Women from Violet Press.s. The reviews our books received in Margins. We also created a color slide show and script giving a retrospective of lesbian self-publishing. often the complete opposite of what I was saying.a. Box 82213 • Lincoln. almost malicious. so that other women's presses besides ours would have a chance to speak. 60-plus pages submissions welcome with s. Lesbian Publish Lesbians. told me I couldn't be on it because and other poems I was not a lesbian writer—I had not been published by an establishment press.o speak talked about the importance of lesbian small presses. We called our panel.

48 p. 52 p. wcpr no. 180 p. 40 deena metzger. 15.$1 mover to tamazunchale. 65 . $10 —. WCPR no. $3 ponds. richard kostelanetz. skin:shadows/si. constructs — d.may be delayed wcpr no.50 word. Nevada 89503 send for catalogue . $3 x APRIL MAY JUNE i thomas Johnson. 13/14. cage with only one wcpr no. finlay. selected P. Stafford. long. poems from the fifth house poems.s. 16. 12. 72 p. J54 side. 66 p. the road P. 120 p. ron arias. imbert. 56 p. 120 p $3 OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER ) joanne de longchamps. me too. the people.$2 ' lence — a novel — 112 p. 16 mary ellen solt. school.50 constructivist fictions — 112 p. $2 t JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER rayrnond federman.a. ian hamilton. $2. soft where inc. 40 $2. ground zero. going places . season $5 I West Coast Poetry Review 1127 Code! Way Reno .$5 e. extensions of the aaron marcus. $5 p. AN APPROXIMATE CALENDAR OF EVENTS & PRICES JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH wm.

1 0 of women. and will be adver- In her review of We Are All Lesbians. flowers. PO Box 398. she 3 ^ could Tead The Riddle of Emily Dickinson. because it puts me in a position of being constan- from isolation. square-bound. Rennie. PO Box 1050. DC." What am I from some women—the women's bookstores that are eager to ambiguous about? And I certainly never used the expression.. PO Box 8858. A will ever get to mature in time. With this system. "To my knowledge.. I hope women movement with testimony by. Grimstad and S. The alternative would not be a dif. the publications that have given us exchange "my kind". a powerful piece of scholarship. almost like a religious high. "The to be praised sometimes—when it turned out we were totally irony is that as I read it.p I see leaders everywhere •. "Christopher St. Auburn St. That description comes from the following their work published should consider publishing themselves. and We Are All Les- horse and a woman doing judo roll-outs. This hasn't been the case—I can certainly see why. "Happy New Year". Q ' Peckenpaugh goes on to question the book's dedication to Emily Dickinson. Washing- like a young girl a college girl ton. and be almost as free from work as the author who only has "It is full of lesbian affirmation but succeeds as art" [italics to write. placed at an ambiguous spot in this sentence) or if they man 's Survival Catalog. an unrealistic position to description of lesbians hiding behind lesbian stereotypes re. then states. A partial list of other bians. (Violet 23 illustrations. so the price of the books will reflect that. For copyright info write for Circular no. the book contains write to us at Violet Press. Bklyn. "She wonders if lesbians ses. subscriptions. 'Her kind' are not yet accepted. including a woman riding a Press books are Looking At Women. c/o Susan Sojourner. She says I make her feel my emotion. DC 20003. pack of cigarettes. GRAPHICS. Cambr. no longer alone"—as if I said I feel alone or want to be alone. MA. mine] —as if lesbian affirmation and art were contradictory. If you can pay I have a lot of girlfriends. (Diana Press). etc.^!.- cussion of the book. Iamiold I'm sure Peckenpaugh will find women creating the litera- there are no leaders ture she wants to read—published by the establishment." In fact.) f t t 66 .. magazine. the illustrations are will support us by buying and reading our work. son. to be accepted I the comma is good listing of women's presses can be found in The New Wo- hers. . as Peckenpaugh suggests by putting it in quotes. for a square binding you can probably get your feminist book and I have a roommate distributed by Women In Distribution. she is neglected. For a summary and dis. 02138. and connect with her center. . Copyright Im just a young girl. Women who want to see whatever reasons.50 or $3 each.r+ plying things that might not be true. NYC 10009. it is vitally important that we go on writing But I dont feel in control of my life \ and publishing as we do.. I was particularly disturbed by the way my tly in need of money and support. (title page) hands clasped in solidarity. be in in the women's movement today. Liberation Day". the individual women who have written to thank I find it offensive. They will be And I think that is truly what she believes. plubing pipes." The fact is that the ARTICLES. 1. She then describes me as. We expected more support and even expected novels. will cost $2. \ lines. All letters to pressesshould be accompanied never grows up"-as if 1 have said lesbians are immature. P. When I started Violet inforced the stereotypes in Peckenpaugh's own mind. DC 20003. . written over 20 years ago by a self-professed heterosexual. Wash- I'll never grow up ington. "Ambiguous because she must be Violet Press is grateful for the support we have received ambiguous. NY 11202. . Dickinson was not M CP5 j • t^< gay"—Peckenpaugh doesn't like the idea of other people im- H.O. But our strength is in numbers for many of us. by K.FEMINIST QUARTERLY OF WOMEN'S ART & POLITICS illustrations would go like this: (cover) a refrigerator with O 00 notes pasted on it and a flag with intertwined women's symbols behind it. Women's Bldg. For more information. by Rebecca Patter- O O H. . For cheapest printing info write The Im experimenting Print Centfer. FICTION. There are those of us who can think of positive ways in which we hope it will continue parently inspired by the lines: to matter. Office. converts.. "generally celebration. Our costs are the book as. You can almost all line drawings of women. she begins by describing tised in the classified section of Ms. for by a stamped self-addressed envelope. POETRY matter of lesbianism matters now. to ^ Fifth St. avail- must remain like Peter Pan. ferent literary style—it would be silence. Washington. window with plants. never grown up because society able at book stores. $ 1. Im Peter Pan First Things First. 138 Mt. Box 9041. carry our books." She says Press I hoped we would be one of many lesbian feminist pres- about my poem. abstract o form. you can publish yourself She says about my poem. If you want to advertise but don'tlike filling a working girl orders you can send them along to a feminist mail order group. . . where writers bear the cost and labor of publishing their own I am not a lesbian books. which 1 find it hard to imagine as a statement of what (but not starting a press!) or creating publishing co-ops such I think lesbians are: as Alice James Press.O W Q. a phrase off the covers of commercial gay us for our work. O5 • She further comments on our attempt to create a lesbian literature: "I hope that this stage of awareness passes quickly because ultimately the matter/if lesbianism will not matter except to historians and sociologists. Violet Press will publish 3 books this year. I have asked myself many times to give up working on when the whole book is about how sisterhood has saved me Violet Press. she could read the article on Dickinson in cn < Women Remembered.

. 67 . . But what about Virginia Woolf? And Gertrude Stein? to maintain their positions And the morecontemporary writers like—well. of the power-mongers' camp. The follow-up to this should be something we will all and developed a culture think about—where we are going to take our art. and like institutions. subscribed to a given form. but let me first they rejected the imposition (political) acquaint you with an herstoric fairy summing-up: of traditional form and content (political) and then Once upon a time they developed new content (social) and in the beginning to call their own there was form explored new formlessness and there was content left after rejecting the old form (social) and everything was traditional to call their own and dull and boring until • • explored new formlessness the heterosexual writers said left after rejecting the old form (social) "It is time for change" (political). they wrote about old concerns (social) in a new form It seems to me that academe still regards women who write and everyone applauded with a somewhat jaundiced eye. my Mary. They rejected the power-mongers and Any form of communication has a social and political basis. but they are lesbians and. in the colleges The implications of this oppression are overwhelming. they are feminists. . From there they tackled the huge task of held power in their pens (penis) trying to fit their thoughts. The idea for this essay was suggested to me by Beth Hodges. In the past. asylums. So the culturally poor were allowed our of their chains ' for two hours a day THE LESBIAN FEMINIST AS WRITER if they agreed to write . I would like to offer a few observations which might help us all to grow to- Heterosexual males ward a new perspective from which to view the writings of and those women who defined themselves lesbian feminists. The straight publishing world offers professors with tenure and editors-in-chief and similiar disapproval. Rita Mae the power-mongers grew fat and overly confident Brown and playwrights like Megan Terry and all those article. Those who followed the initial agreers. I wanted to do an article out of my own need and the need of other lesbian feminist writers to have a better They called themselves understanding of our art—where it has been and where it is lesbian feminists now. and decided to let some of those short story. So and everyone applauded in an attempt to put some order to my own views about academe and emulated. attempts to help us see our writing for the social/political phenomenon it is. They were. and lesbian feminist writers. publishing conglomerates. feelings and observations into this for they were the only ones given form. found it creatively viable (political) and they wrote." Writers like Judy Grahn. experience the bliss of writing. in terms of men In the past. then soi-ne more so than others. in effect. about new concerns (social) an alternative (political) in the old form that needed to be (political) or further explored (social). But who cares? The lesbian feminists I know have written with disregard for "social approval" or "straight academic And so it came to pass that acceptance.-not only arc they and they were studied women. handed the universities. I suppose and what they wrote served it did. And lesbian feminists who and emulated write must cope with a multiple oppression. ourside the walls The where we've been part of this article is necessarily brief. and poem contributors in the hundreds of femin- not in power ist publications have little or no regard for The Sewanee Review. for a long time. writers like Virginia Woolf or George Eliot and the heterosexual male institutions. It so that others could no longer define them seems to me that if one experiments with form or the socially- as blatent Hitlerists approved content for "a novel" or "a poem" one faces all kinds but rather as degreed academicians and of academic disapproval. . One couldn't possibly touch on everything. Because I had been thinking about lesbian feminist aesthetics disagreed. . Lee Lally. form for a novel. myself included. Where we are Then. literary guild masters and WASPS. allowed to write Did it work? For George Eliot and the Brontes. if 1 said their and they polished their power-retaining skills names you wouldn't know them anyway so I see no point. the stories power-mongers loved AS LESBIAN FEMINIST and they agreed for they had to \ by Adrienne Parks or go back to their chains.

The'arbitrary schema is not her art which caused the great difficulty. struggle with the concept of woman's place in a male world. lf's have refused to be processed. obviously atmosphere of the university community as it existed in the because the structure is based on maleness.e in town (here it is on the college level). woman's perceptions. that is not a poem. . becomes dated and yet another form is called for. The penis is 60's and 70's. on a foreign form. Interestingly enough. written before either of ity to create in the new state of "formlessness". "critics" of lesbian feminist writing must certainly sense their In other words. One may speculate that had that technique first. their individuality will show through. who struggled against the processing). rather they exist because of the more subverters who will in turn process even more young dichotomy between the experiences particular to the orienta. What own prostitution of values in playing the system's game. -defined and -perpetuated forms. and content of the system? The system. It was seen through the author's style. and thereby reinforce their own "never thought The sad part about college courses which deal with women's out" games. you may go ahead. kind of form. ting it and re-directing the ravaged energies into computer parts. She dared to suggest in her "feminist" writings concepts Paying homage to those who choose to emulate the given form which the power-mongers could not understand. subver- feminist writers are different from their heterosexual counter. content. It did not take her woman-self long form which everyone is expected to follow until that too to realize the inanity of trying to impose her perceptions. she experi. for the most part. The following paragraph is a heavy-duty radical lesbian and experience with the given forms and institutions. The lost creativity is never missed (except by those tions. it becomes erect. For the most ned-as being quite different both in form and content from the part. However the differences arc not based on the fact of programming and secondary education (thusly providing for dissimilar sexual orientation. When T. if a her own creativity. are better ways of expressing oneself than through male-esta- Next point: blished. Lf's have discovered that there than in spite of it. for who can miss what Contemporary lesbian feminist writers arc not in hiding. learned on the system set-up. however mented with what was branded "experimental" and "feminist". This is a state of being. r they seem. It is really all a literary/academic game Woolf been able to reject the given totally. this disregard is born of exposure to. If copiously schooled herself in. crazy. there is an art to comprehending this inter- We all know that there were many non-heterosexual males in . and sought to use as a base for one won't emulate. saying that her Actually. and in their the game? . imitating form for form's sake is close to ridiculous. predominantly heterosexual. But then it is a learned art. or one develops. Pseudo-democracy the "system". but we know too that their sexuality out of trying to work within the system. a skill if you will.S. is becomes anarchy. The Voyage Out. serve to thwart creativity. In fact. of those who have refused Sensing this sell-out. ^ the two feminist tracts. they are concerned with women's perceptions derived you by then). this power structure is soft and vulnerable to psychol- poem. writings is that manv courses on "Women in Literature" are 68 . suffered and ultimately taken her life. By Most refuse to be co-opted. Lesbian culine power-monger rule. and it is. The overwhelming realization that things are not as Lf's do not pay anything (also known as dues) to the system. of course. etc. as in the case of the oppressed minorities. she would not have which saySj "Do it my way first because it is obviously the . best gam. Most feminist interpretation of the system's oppression: lesbian feminist writers I know have suffered the stifling The male power structure rejects lesbianism. academicians and virtue of their very existence. to replace the old. little journals. then does a processed society make. if we are still playing Lesbian feminist (If) writers have had only male forms to the game.' name like "iambic pentameter" to validate its existence. one isn't a writer: As the game goes. in effect. was of necessity toned-down." or "That is a good perception/ ogical castration. one imitates satirically a voyage in. But realize that you will from women's experiences. one is left with a formlessness. educational institutions which are operated under mas- traditionally acceptable poetry and prose.'' Lesbian feminist writing tends to be viewed by all concer. a state in which formlessness itself is a A Room of One's Own and Three Guineas are excellent exam. It drove her is absurd. Thus. It is then that multiple- is not due to ignorance of the given form. rather explore alternative "forms". it might be used as an example of how not to be creative. is that power structure erected by males. so it is only fitting that If writers writings flourish because of their sexual orientation. th& historic poetic forms which If writers refuse feminism got in the way of her art. One has to define the male power struc- capable of going on to question the validity of the given forms ture in terms of force and violence because that is its base. In neutral. probably fail. minds). if you still Today's If's are carrying on the work of our foremothers. never had. want to do it your way (if we haven't managed to brainwash Similarly. was a transition piece between her The only sign of individuality in many traditional writings is acceptance of f he given form and her rejection of it. they were never allowed to develop. forms which impose an reeled. Women had little to say in the creation or So ] would like to suggest that lesbian feminist writers and maintenance of these forms. he should have been cor-1 to work with are. rather it was part of the overall masculine game and is given an impressive their art . Jacob's Room. Eliot criticized Virginia Woolf. into the given forms and structures recommended perhaps. alert to observation/etc: that is not.the power structure's-which she naively believed in. and gang rapes are perpetrated against any who propose a Could it be then that the mind which is forced to question . This is rape and murder of the creative spirit. more equitable distribution of power. Many dropped out of graduate school in total the personification of maleness. However professors still en- also indicative of the enormity of the struggle necessary to deal courage young writers not to develop a style too quickly—master with the power-mongers' given. we could pretend that Forster never wrote Maurice. It is here that If writers utilize their individual- ples of this struggle. was more cultural change in form is called for. As I see it. during revolt. But it was arbitrary structure upon the content. "arl" stood in the way of her feminism. pretation. they scoff to their colleagues. thai there are alternatives to the given drove her to After rejecting the given form." So lesbian feminist "disregard" and defensive of its vulnerability. Admittedly. her first novel. Clearly. a new masculine by the powers-that-were. emulate in the past. non-political disbelief of the games academia plays—games like "This is a times.

or non-women. Inc. A women-in-literature course taught by a non-woman is more damaging to women's identity than no THE COOK AND THE CARPENTER course at all. but re. Just as the black culture has its al sides of her woman characters. she several thousand years or so trying to understand the power. to lie innocent as a child. . The Carpenter retreats from her love affair the perhaps well-intentioned critic. Daughters. . are relearning (and The novel is not only a love story. aristocratic background and her need for love ("bourgeois The first step for regaining women's culture has been taken. The previously foisted on women. The Carpenter's ability to make Three cry for the most part by lfs. stead the sweater disfigures the female body. seriously (women who write from traditional forms and content. endure the Cook's gentleness and passivity any longer. . experiences and.. or just action minutely—the decisions. turns to Three. she cannot Lf audiences tend to understand If writings. more accurately. VT 05667). perhaps most significantly. . perhaps ter by The Carpenter (June Arnold) is most clearly about re- more than males. it does help. another's world. efficient. as if na were experiences with artificial forms and content (artificial in the bathing an infant and smoothing it with oil.or herself academic The most compelling aspect of the book is the senstive "formula". whose political agressiveness and emotional monger form game. story is incomplete (because of traditional male suppression). Three's inability to love completely is values without questioning them cannot be called serious). such groups. song. who define themselves in terms of the male power structure are comparable to the by Joan Peters coed who wears her boyfriend's letter sweater. or those women who define themselves in terms of the male system. just as lost as women have been for the past Restless and longing for a "passionate" relationship. interactions. (Plainfield. sans basis for experience comparison. in order to get ahead. but the women who form it are both whole in- themselves that they are capable of reviewing creative work dividuals and representatives of the inevitable "types" in on the basis of their own formalized education (a non-creative. her anger. a radical. In. the analysis of the collective is equal- to. but. This is usually because. It follows the political others like them. They take their writing/creativity terrifies Three: She fears the dissolution of her purpose. and must leave the collective. I want to lie soft as water ience. So Stubby is the pariah. be able to seek out our own growth"). The Cook and The Carpenter. Three. Arnold are not members of minority groups. old. the lfs have their non-woman Aunt Janes. do not describes the painful working out of the political and person- perceive themselves as such. represent that body of thinkers who convince of its own. She cannot be the politico Three is. lfs are book ends with the Carpenter's reconciling herself to her busy exploring herstory. other women. It is described with accuracy and often with 69 . dislike her intensely. etc. And preferably should write nothing. The critic who brings with him.) Male readers or audiences will be just as never get the excitement of being suddenly pulled into lost trying to understand women's experience. . Their expectations of what is being Though she loves the Cook. but it helps. discussions. This being made aware of prostitution destroys the of the woman's movement. or power structure. sonality has more force than her politics and finally. books. / do want more.." boring meetings. and love and respect for. might just portrait of the love triangle-The Cook. possessiveness"). Likewise. Their relationship is kinetic. and the result. she is ience.. country to wherever the action rhyme. Uncle Toms. She hopes to be perceived as equal to he who competed for the letter. suits in hurt and loneliness for the Carpenter." but her per- One need not be a woman to understand the woman's exper. She is equal to Inc. trol of our culture. art. The aim of lf writing as I see it is to put women back in con. Justification for mistreatment of lfs. though they feel stand the black experience or a If to understand the If one. The Carpenter. She is "tough. without any difficulty. one need not be black to under. ant creativity. her ideals. him but perceives herself as less than equal. well organized and certainly brave. Or.instructed by "non-women". or. and in doing so. or whatever basis there is for criticism as perceived by is most intense. the matriarchical society allowed The part of Three's character that makes her a revolu- itself to be co-opted by the system. The Cook and The Carpen- The system's non-women can be most vicious. She is the totally political personality. The Carpenter. sometimes. the woman's experience. own personal needs. vulnerability examination of love is. they sold their woman-selves out. developing self-confidence in perceiving and recording woman's the Cook. she wants more: offered coincide both with what is actually offered and with what their own experience tells them is "true to" the lf exper. na thought. Lfs rooted in fear but results in her turning all her personal need have learned that they must rethink the traditional male values into politics. what hap- However their expectations are still encumbered with past pens then is the Cook caresses me like silk. t t t ly important. Critics The Texas woman's collective Arnold describes has a life /Historically. lower-class revolutionary whose energy The criticism becomes a vendetta against semi-colons and keeps her moving across the. Unless sense that women are only just beginning to be truthful to the I respond. and they one of the most sophisticated "political" novels to come out know it. importantly. just an irritating pollyanna. creating woman myths where her. Her novel is with the system. the pri- and content. Of the Daughters. Gradually. and as well write nothing. and so I woman's experience. . is usually as simple as: "I made it. Women. and cliches of group dynamics ("should we It is important to note that most critics of minority writings as a group. but guilty about it. General women's audiences will have a greater potential waiting for the Cook's hands to set me into involuntary to understand the lf experience because they are all women. . Besides the rethinking. but she leaves with her lover. sexually and emotionally. in that it explores the lives of non-woman fantasyland they have made for themselves and women involved in political action.00. ritualistic system of learning). they can too. the Cook can't act. when threatened by alternative (If) forms lationships between women. in aligning themselves macy of those relationships is Arnold's given. The women. . with the Cook when. $3. movement. As important as the are willing to relcarn) concepts of truthfulness to. lost its tionary also makes her wildly disdainful of the Carpenter's culture. remoteness entice her.

and New York Head Shop and Muse. Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon. Center of Brooklyn College). Jane Rule. The women are forced to function not as people. Md. Judy Grahn.Riverfinger. Lesbian/Woman. The Lesbian Tide. Jill Johnston. Bertha Harris. Baltimore. Amazon Odyssey. toys. The Late Corner. So's Your Old Lady. 21207 70 . Sarah Aldrige. and Them Sirens Running All Night Long. Wicce. The Well of Loneliness. ELLY BULKIN lives in Brooklyn with her daughter Anna amid a Makings for Meditations and Moods of Eros. she co-facilitates a women's poetry class (Women's Griffin. • um. She enjoys the night air and is confused by politics. Meryle Secrest. Susan Sherman. Ann Shockley. Letter. books. Dear Sky. edward the clutter of papers. Anthology (to appear fall Saradove and Confessions of Cherubino. the Anger/With Love and Woman Poems Love Poems. The Lesbian Mytl the pronoun "na" ("nan")—which has substituted for she/he (her/his) and goes back to the conventional forms. Cables to Rage.lyricism: "they were joined to each other like the petals of a Patience and Sarah. Susan out from under. Against the (the taking over of an abandoned schoolhouse) and its dis. and The Sink. The Desert of the Heart. Sharon Isabell. Between Me and Life. When she can dig dyke and other poems arid A Woman is Talking to Death. The First Cities. Susan Cavin. Long "collectively" and must find another balance between her Time Coming. Radclyffe Hall. Loving Her. Alain Abby. Fran Winant. Elana Nach- five pointed flower. reviews poetry for Majority Report. Season. Me gay movement for the last three years. The course of the group's "action" man. Woman Plus Woman. The Price of Salt. Bettie Wysor. Lesbian Connection. Arnold stops using Guerilleres. Come Out!. Isabel Miller. and This is Not for solution after they are arrested describes the shift from ideal. We Are AH women learn that there is no "human equality" in the real Lesbians. Amazon Quarterly. PAULA BENNETT teaches at Northeastern University. Lesbian Images. northern Ohio. Shirley Verel. in group situations—is that she realizes she cannot function Lavender Woman. Out of the Closets. MAGAZINES REVIEWED Part of the shift for the Carpenter—as for many individuals Ain't IA Woman. Amazon Expedition. Gullible's Travels. From a DEBORAH CORE is a lesbian/feminist who lives and teaches in Land Where Other People Live. You. Yesterday's 1975). her plants and others' BOOKS REVIEWED acceptance of her art. Audre Lorde. Claire Morgan. Libido Beach. Les (sexist) world. f t t ABOUT US SHARON BEHRENDS is sensitive to her cats. Active in the Nightwood. With ism to realpolitik. The World Split Open. From the police's treatment of them. Elsa Gidlow. To make this point clear. Cowrie. ( Lessons. Ti-Grace Atkinson. The Dark Side of Venus. Rita Mae Brown. . (Continued on page 72) c Soliciting: poetry prose poems graphics photography translations 1829 Colonial R4. Monique Wittig. Focus. Rubyfruit Jungle. personal and political needs. Dolores Klaich. Djuna Barnes. Let Them Be Said.Women. . and softball gear.". but as women. Catching and is co-editing Amazon Poetry: An. Loofcmg At Women. The Ladder.

rock music and experimental education (each of which COUNTER- is worthy of a separate bibliography apiece). THE It's only fair to say what's being excluded here. trade and personal bibliographies. but THE space permits that these be mentioned only insofar as they relate to the ALTERNATIVE business of small press and alternative publication. Third World.. I chose the title "The Living Z" to describe not only the LC class that many of the books about that culture Living would fall into. . is uniquely anointed to chronicle the history of the free spirits. 2912 N. the flowing celestial "sea" into which Aquarius pours his urn. "what'll really turn you on". THE fore (roughly) 1960.00 Peattie Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 75-2879 "NoeJ Peattie. histories and defenses of the CULTURE. Introduction the last letter of our alphabet.. ." —Booklegger A MARGINS BOOK 71 . no history of magic. no general ac- count of the philosophies of Asia. can only be room for books that show how all of these topics and all of these authors have flowed together to make up the Living Z in which we swim. HACKETT. no Huxley or Hesse. either. no Castaneda. Scrupulously researched and organized. subject.. but also the life-symbolizing meaning of the ancient Zeta. It is not a catalog of underground newspapers and little magazines. WISCONSIN53211 ISBN: 0-915514-00-1 '> $2. In the Library of Congress classification. and of course. The emphasis will be on PRESS. feminist or radical movements. MAGAZINES ternative culture. underground newspapers and little magazines. and zoe. What follows is a sample only—for no bibliography can be complete—of Z sources for our contemporary culture. was the sixth letter of the Greeks'. AND LITTLE There can be no mention.. Don't look here for: LITERATURE the history of books and fine printing from ancient China to the Grabhorns. of the ultimate foundations of the al. There. MILWAUKEE. inevitably full of Noel's style and esoteric trivia. Z is the classification for books about books. . critiques of writers famous be. life. it is rather a collection of such lists. They are fascinating topics. too. works The on printing. It also includes magazines and periodicals about the trade. no history of Africa. . we would drown in that sea. . It stood for zetesis. a guide A to the literature. . In writing about the alternative cultures today. zyme. the Z's a fresh wind in uncharted territory. Again. a question. NOEL PEATTIE/THE LIVING Z Noel AVAILABLE FROM: TOM MONTAG/MARGINS. and national. a leaven. GUIDE some histories of the Movement and some technical books about how to get TO into the counter-publishing business. so no Tolkien. Nor is it a list of "what the young are reading". OF the non-print media and the McLuhan books.

This. she has one foot in the future." is a deliberate political attack. We need what to do next. about forty doilars. the ELIZABETH DIGGS lives in New York winters and Vermont sum. "I am living in the country with women and statement of support from every community group in Den- am working toward the creation of a new feminist culture. friend and two afghan dogs (who look suspiciously like her). She is currently teaching a writing workshop CATHY CRUIKSHANK. area PEG CRUIKSHANK is 35. 1973.About Us.C. D. the contents were thrown about the office. and lesbian On August 3.P. Dykewoman jammed and our electric typewriter was also jammed and the & S. "I recently escaped from academia. the keys were ELANA NACHMAN. JOAN LARKIN is a poet. and enjoy the peace (We have received an important notice from Gene and quiet. while it feels as if there is never enough time. or 1974 or 1975 or house dyke of Win magazine." include in the 1975 edition. where they raise trees. "Just now I feel we must learn to recognize for Washington Area Feminist Theater. She and Elly Mama Rag was vandalized. relatively unscathed. ly for future supplements." just enjoying being alive. The major item still Co-op. "Also traveling. Watson and Jordan have already discovered a num- BETH HODGES. Money was in (he office. compilers of the new 1975 edition of The Lesbian mers. or support. Coors beer. Wash- writing. and connected with The Ladder from that time until its the woman she loves. please let Out of the Closets and After You 're Out. workshop at the Great Southeastern Lesbian Conference in Atlanta. the ocean. in conjunction with co-editing plan to issue something in the next year. As such. am currently part of a women's poetry collective (putting out a book this summer. My photo. respondent for The Lesbian Tide." FRAN KOSKI and MAIDA TILCHEN are lost. when not traveling. P. Her current plans are to save 70 cents them know. ruined. and talking with my strong womanpower! and smart woman friends. Glue and inkwas poured into the sets." —Big Mama Rag Collective _ . Two years ago she. but. Mother Jones Press in Northampton It is obvious to us that this attempt to destroy our office will be publishing a book of poetry sometime in the fall. Wonder. an "up front" JANET SERGI and her dog Lady Wolf are traveling around this sum- ISsbian from 12 on. the front door window was cut. meanwhile canoeing. and Bulkin are co-editing Amazon Poetry: An Anthology. The telephone lication of Out and Out Books. prose writer and playwright. Her life is enriched by Jungian analysis." and was the organizer of "Writing-On. the office of Big mother. likes reading. a garden. has helped keep her in one of the poshest slums in NYC. animals and conversa. and trees. daughter of my sisters. from the academic and writes in New York City in a very small apartment with one jungle. space. derstood and what can only be appreciated. including economic. she was able to shed the pseudonym it was too well-known in the JULIA P. She has discovered that she might have a voca- demise in 1972. and gels a lot of energy from dreams. A review copy is essen- I've been partly living in is transparent. teaches Women's Studies at Jersey City State College. STANLEY now lives on a farm in Tennessee (down in a movement for her to change it. We also need financial support to restore our JUDITH NIEMI. continued ADRIENNE L. weekends. . all planes." in the country. and talking to lesbian feminist writer's collective. issue of BMR. Damon. We are asking for a written CAROL NEWHOUSE. is doing research on mythology. as E. GENE DAMON is the pseudonym of Barbara Grier. and a feminist political study group. writing. so why pretend? I've worked tial so that the book can be read and coded correct- with the women's movement in Portland for some years. "Born 1974. INEZ MARTINEZ teaches a course on Women and Literature at and glue. everything pertinent to help small press publishers MELANIE KAYE. am deciding typewriters and buy security bolts for our doors. garden. In Literature asking all publishers of Lesbian and and new ideas. into lesbian media guerilla warfare & a lesbian revolution on missing for our office is our advertising file.) Out and About Press. Reno. three pleasures which her feminism and her new. thinking. and process their own food as much as possible. on and off. Gene Damon has made her living free-lance writing tion as a "bum. plants. the first pub. deserted cities forever and settled on a small farm about 40 miles east of Kansas City. Damon and Jan Watson and Robin Jordan. but was not taken. "Getting fired has made me realize that the closet reach maximum audience. unfortunately. She prides JOAN PETERS is a founder of Sagaris Feminist Institute. and the woman she lives with. ink and solvent were poured over the August 1975 Kingsborough Community College. She lives herself on having emerged. and by the time socialist revolution. If you have issued KARLA JAY is the east coast correspondent of Lesbian Tide and such material in 1972. in mid-afternoon. she guest led a playwriting the difference between magic and mystery. She is also the Washington cor- stimulating women. All three typewriters were temporarily tion with friends. Active from 1957 on with Daughters holler) writing." the Washington. 89503. and animals. every effort is made to include for a round trip to Coney Island Beach. 1975. Nevada.O. and doing various clerical jobs. In the summer of 1975 the most pleasant things I can imagine are sailing. Lesbian/feminist material to be SURE to send a JAN GARTON is currently attempting to freelance natural history review copy to The Ladder. between what can be un. Portland). teacher (Brooklyn College). and is exploring the Kansas countryside with a friend on ington Station. mostly trying to live the revolution with of Bilitis. and also from every woman's newspaper and publication graphs are an expression of that experience. ly developed gay consciousness have greatly increased. tormented girls BIG MAMA RAG caught midway between the sexes in a strange new world of forbid- den desire where love is found in the smoky shadows of Village bars VANDALIZED et cetera. ver. ber of titles that they did not learn of in time to good friends. . was ripped out of the wall. old friends. Box 5025. Our files were over-turned. PARKS is a radical lesbian feminist poet. Barbara dates from the era mer to find new ideas and people to renew their faith in a feminist/ when pseudonyms were considered a requirement. working at the Women's Film wiring ripped out of the back of the set.

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