Chemical EngineeringThermodynamics Exercises

© All Rights Reserved

7 views

Chemical EngineeringThermodynamics Exercises

© All Rights Reserved

- Transport 2, Hw 8
- 900.Gen.ed.With Answer
- Fundamentals of Thermodynamics
- jjj
- Pure Substance Lecture
- datos VLE METANOL ACETONA.docx
- Think Beyond the Sink
- Anomalous Properties of Water
- WELL FLOWING
- Thermo II Lacture 31-33
- Liquid Penetrant Testing Module 1
- Cap 17 Hidratos
- 14-15 science rotation by group
- equconst
- Sol. (Dignostic Test)
- Thermodynamic Assessment of the Fe-B System in the Ssol5 and User Databases
- matter.docx
- Abstract
- 0620_m18_ms_32
- p4

You are on page 1of 6

Chapter 9

1. We consider the 7-component mixture investigated in Figure 8.1, and

use the values for the component critical properties given in the Cu-

bic EOS computer program. It is assumed that the Wilson K-factor

expression provides for an adequate expression of the equilibrium fac-

tors. The K-factors are thus considered to be only functions of T and

P.

Write a general computer subprogram to solve the Rachford-Rice equa-

tion,

NC

X Ki 1

zi = 0

1 + Ki

i=1

using the feed mole fractions of Figure 8.1. Use the Rachford-Rice

equation to calculate the phase boundaries and compare to the exact

results obtained with the SRK-equation and listed in Table 11.1.

a solution for outside the physically permitted interval [0,1]. Show

that a unique real-valued solution is found whenever the smallest and

the largest K-value, Kmin and Kmax , satisfy Kmin < 1, Kmax > 1 ,

with the proper solution satisfying

1 1

<<

Kmax 1 1 Kmin

A value of < 0 indicates a subcooled liquid, and a value > 1 a

superheated vapour.

tions with the Wilson K-factors and continue with K-factors based on

calls to your thermodynamic subprogram with the compositions of the

previous iteration. Repeat calculations until the change in component

fugacities is smaller than 107 (relative). Investigate the convergence

behaviour at various (T, P ), in particular in the vicinity of the crit-

ical point. You may also try to converge the negative flash in this

manner.

Compare the performance of the unaccelerated method to that when

1

acceleration is used. Verify that reliability is not adversely affected,

and apply checks on G to ensure that the extrapolations are appro-

priate. Check whether inadequate initial estimates from the Wilson

K-factors cause incorrect convergence to the trivial solution.

Investigate in addition whether the General Dominant Eigenvalue Me-

thod with two terms leads to any improvements. You may finally

investigate Newtons method, or a Newton-based minimization proce-

dure.

5. Supplement your flash program with stability analysis by successive

substitution according to the guidelines given in the text for the two-

phase flash. Use the Wilson K-factors to generate initial estimates

for the stability analysis. Try to characterize your feed as either a

vapour or a liquid and investigate whether a stability analysis, where

you look for only the missing phase is adequate. Test the reliability

and performance of the routine in the critical region.

Implement an accelerated convergence procedure and compare the per-

formance of the unaccelerated, relative to the accelerated procedure.

6. Suppose that you are required to perform a series of flash calculations

at conditions that do not vary very much. This is usually the case in

connection with compositional simulations, where the material com-

position in any given grid block changes slowly with time. Let us here

for simplicity consider the case where the overall feed is assumed to be

of constant composition, where we keep constant pressure and where

the temperature increases by the same amount, 0.25 K, for each run.

Start at 4 MPa and 180 K and consider a total of 250 flash calculations

where the temperature in each is increased by 0.25 K relative to the

previous.

Modify your algorithm such that it is capable of taking advantage of

initial estimates and note the increase in efficiency. Your algorithm

must, of course, be capable of also handling bad initial estimates.

7. Assume that the gas mixture we have investigate above contains water

in such amounts that a liquid water phase might precipitate. Neglect

the solubility of the hydrocarbons in the water phase. Modify your

programs for flash calculation and stability analysis to take care of

this situation.

8. Consider a 3-component mixture containing methane (50%), carbon

dioxide (10%) and hydrogen sulphide (40%). This mixture can, at low

2

temperatures, form 3 phases in a fairly narrow pressure range. The

presence of immiscible liquid phases can often be detected by means

of only an ordinary two-phase flash program. Set the temperature to

180 K and try to locate the bubble line by doing flash calculations. If

your program does full stability analysis it should return a two-hase

liquid-liquid solution at pressures slightly above the apparent (false)

bubble point pressure.

Chapter 10

1. A mixture containing hydrocarbons and substantial amounts of hy-

drogen sulphide may form two liquid phases: A methane-rich liquid

phase and a hydrogen sulphide rich liquid phase. The two liquid phases

are only found in a narrow temperature/pressure range. It is gener-

ally difficult to create initial estimates for the fugacity coefficients for

the liquid phases. The Wilson approximation cannot distinguish be-

tween immiscible liquids, and specific modifications are needed. For

the current example we use the Wilson K-factor approximation with

the following modifications:

(b) The hydrogen sulphide rich liquid phase: ln KCH4 = ln KWilson +1

;

phase and methane is assumed to be more volatile in the hydrogen

sulphide phase.

Consider a mixture of the following composition: C1 : 66%; C2 : 3%;

C3 : 1%; CO2 : 5%, H2 S: 25%, at T=201 K, P = 4.0 MPa.

Write a multiphase Rachford-Rice program to calculate the phase dis-

tribution predicted using the modified Wilson K-factors under these

conditions (3 phases should result).

2. Use the SRK equation of state to model the above mixture and solve

the flash using successive substitution. Incorporate acceleration using

the Dominant Eigenvalue Method.

3 different initial estimates for the trial phase, liquid hydrogen sul-

phide, liquid methane and an ideal gas. Converge the stability equa-

tions by successive substitution or by the Dominant Eigenvalue Me-

3

thod. Note that your code must be capable of handling cases where a

phase is removed in the course of iterations.

phases. You will need to get data for the melting points and the heats

of fusion for these compounds. Use these to calculate properties of

the pure solids at other conditions, assuming that the volume change

on solidification is zero and that the heat of fusion is temperature

independent.

5. Extend your approach with a more general scheme for the stability

analysis, where you do not rely on specific knowledge regarding the

mutual miscibility of the components. Also, incorporate in your algo-

rithm a minimization approach and second order methods where this

is necessary.

Chapter 11

1. Write an algorithm for calculating the bubble point pressure (given T )

or temperature (given P ) and the composition of the incipient phase,

using the successive substitution approach with the Wilson K-factor

initial estimates. Test your algorithm on the 7-component mixture.

Monitor the convergence behaviour and plot:

(b) The error in ln T vs. the iteration number.

With specified P , investigate how close you can get to the critical

point.

pressure. Investigate, with pressure specified, how close you can get

to the mztimum pressure.

use successive substitution to initialize calculations. The Newton rou-

tine should also be able to provide you with sensitivities with respect

to the specified variable, T or P .

the specified variable, including calculation of sensitivities.

4

5. You are now in a position to construct a full phase envelope calcula-

tion program. Start with a low pressure bubble point calculation and

manually specify the next point to be calculated. You have succeded

when you can return to your initial P on the dewline.

able in 5).

Chapter 12

Organic acids like acetic acid and propionic acid form dimers and cross-

dimers in the vapour phase,

A + A A2 ,

B + B B2 ,

A + B AB

Assume that the vapour phase is ideal and that the equilibrium constants

for the dimerisation reactions are given by (for compound A)

yA2

KA P =

yA2

where KA is a temperature function of the form:

K2

log10 K ((mm Hg)1 ) = K1 +

T

where T is the Kelvin temperature. Values of K1 and K2 , taken from Fre-

denslund et al. (1977) are given in the table below:

Component K1 K2

A (Formic acid) 10.743 3083

B (Acetic acid) 10.421 3166

C (Propionic acid) 10.843 3316

D (Butyric acid) 10.136 3079

For cross-dimers,

yAB

KAB P =

yA yB

assume that KAB = 2 KA KB . Consider a gas mixture containing the

four components A, B, C and D together with an inert, I. Write a program

5

that, given temperature, pressure and overall composition in terms of the

monomers calculates the true equilibrium composition and the apparent

fugacity coefficients in the mixture. Relevant values of the temperature and

the pressure are 350 K, 0.1 MPa, but your program should of course work

correctly in a wider temperature and pressure range.

It is advisable that you test your program by doing calculation at low

pressures where the degree of dimerisation is modest. This enables you to

generate accurate initial estimates.

- Transport 2, Hw 8Uploaded byblaisekimmel
- 900.Gen.ed.With AnswerUploaded byRica Mae Lingat Bruan
- Fundamentals of ThermodynamicsUploaded bymuhammar
- jjjUploaded byJom Noe
- Pure Substance LectureUploaded byZesi Villamor Delos Santos
- datos VLE METANOL ACETONA.docxUploaded byCuando la dictadura es un hecho, la Revolución es un derecho
- Think Beyond the SinkUploaded byvanderwalt.paul2286
- Anomalous Properties of WaterUploaded byVel Murugan
- WELL FLOWINGUploaded byJanetRamirezZambrano
- Thermo II Lacture 31-33Uploaded byMustansar Altaf
- Liquid Penetrant Testing Module 1Uploaded byWeld Bro Sandeep
- Cap 17 HidratosUploaded bycapl930
- 14-15 science rotation by groupUploaded byapi-276967842
- equconstUploaded byLyn Gutiérrez
- Sol. (Dignostic Test)Uploaded bySanjay Verma
- Thermodynamic Assessment of the Fe-B System in the Ssol5 and User DatabasesUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- matter.docxUploaded byAnabeth
- AbstractUploaded byJosé Figueroa
- 0620_m18_ms_32Uploaded byHaziraAzly
- p4Uploaded byMadhavanIce
- ENSC 14A -Chapter 2Uploaded bydeuslean
- Equilibrio Vapor-liquido de Trimetilpentano+TetrahyUploaded byLuis David Carbonell Gonzalez
- Chem131_Chapter7Uploaded bylux0008
- Karnataka 1st PUC Question Bank- CHEMISTRY.pdfUploaded byShravani N
- Chapter 12Uploaded byFede
- heaUploaded bysensoham03
- Lab Phy 03Uploaded byWan Afiff
- Artigo Revista Exatas 2015Uploaded byCristiane Leal Caruso
- Enhancement of c-axis vortex correlation by twin boundaries and columnar defects in YBa 2 Cu 3 O 72 dUploaded byS Grix
- BouldingUploaded byKupakwasheMtata

- Simulink MethodologyUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Application FormUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Take home Exam 4,2 and 3.pdfUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- HickeyJVMSummit2009.pdfUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Background of study new.docxUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Model vs OLGA.docxUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Matlab Tutorial Part 5Uploaded bykusty_85
- A Systems Description of Flow Through Porous MediaUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Model vs OLGAUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- ch2-8Uploaded byaziz6shodiyev
- 05-Information System for Conference ManagementUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- lab03Uploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Interview Expenses FormUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- ShootingMethodTutorialUploaded byashwin802
- Ada 951924Uploaded byMusa Mohammad
- 20060519Uploaded byMusa Mohammad
- 14Uploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Lecture 7 InequalitiesUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- PaperUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- RecessionUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- ssch11.pdfUploaded byLucas
- ch6Uploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Lecture on cUploaded bylavyg59
- Post Outage MatrixUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- Lecture 02 PressureUploaded byMusa Mohammad
- CHE 312Uploaded byMusa Mohammad
- PetroleumEconomics ClassWorkUploaded byMusa Mohammad

- Kuldeep Yadav ResumeUploaded byClifton Turner
- inorganic chemistryUploaded byuniquestar
- Part1 Fluids Rock PropertiesUploaded byKaro Huenufil Molina
- energy efficiency ppt notesUploaded byapi-235634024
- Homework 1 15Uploaded bystylecouncil
- PQR-004-02Uploaded bydifevasanz
- Final PreliminaryUploaded byRaymund Arcos
- space pastel lesson plan ccsUploaded byapi-251158064
- 00097983_0[1]Uploaded byPatricia J Ángeles
- Lecture 7-Binary Phase Diagrams 1 Students-11Uploaded bydetriwiatno
- 03000EN - Copy (2).pdfUploaded byMd.Bazlur Rahman
- AD IIUploaded bySaravanan Ramasamy
- RealTimePCR Handbook Update FLRUploaded bycabocoloco
- Why is Carbon So Important in Spite of It Being Present in a Very Small QuantityUploaded bySuman Das
- 1s_series_i821-e1_5_2_csmUploaded byIlson Junior
- C.G. Granqvist Eds. Materials Science for Solar Energy Conversion SystemsUploaded bymedelaid
- De ApplicationsUploaded byMark Joseph Acid
- IMSBC Code.55-61 - AluminaUploaded byFuckYouMotherFucker6
- Non Philosophy of Being but Philosophy of the OneUploaded byulrich
- 4 Types of Measuring Instruments and Its FeaturesUploaded byKanomax USA
- Experiment # 2Uploaded bymota723
- analysis of teeth estimationUploaded byAisyah Rieskiu
- MIE1605_1b_ProbabilityReview.pdfUploaded byJessica Tang
- control valve selectionUploaded byJitendra Sharma
- AASlabmanual (1)Uploaded bylkomninos2221
- Workshop 7 Abaqus XFEM Pressure VesselUploaded byMohammed Abu Sufian
- ETP-03 TEST PROCEDURE FOR OIL FILLED TRANSFORMER (2).docUploaded byalekya
- Rock WoolUploaded byTon Phichit
- rocimaUploaded byسلطان ابوالعلا
- Chapter 1 Biochemistry and the Organization in CellsUploaded byjimeneztrishanne