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# FLEXIBILITY METHOD

## 2- CHOOSE THE UNKNOWNS/REDUNDANT FORCES (NAME THEM X1, X2,.....,

Xn)
[The unknowns can be external reactions, internal forces or both]
(Make sure that the structure remains stable)

## 3- REMOVE THE REDUNDANT FORCES (UNKNOWNS)

(Set the unknowns equal to zero)
The Structure is now statically determinate, and it is called (THE RELEASED
STRUCTURE)

CORRESPONDING TO X1, At the location of X1.

## 6- USING THE PRINCIPLE OF SUPERPOSITION, AND APPLY

THE COMPATIBILITY CONDITIONS AT THE LOCATION
OF ALL THE Xs

## {DOXi} = {DRXi} + Fij *{Xi} (1)

DOXi = THE DISPLACEMENT CORRESPONDING TO Xi IN THE
ORIGINAL STRUCTURE
DRXi = THE DISPLACEMENT CORRESPONDING TO Xi IN THE
RELEASED STRUCTURE due to the applied loads
Fij = THE DISPLACEMENT IN THE DIRECTION OF Xi at i DUE TO
ONE UNIT LOAD IN THE DIRECTION OF Xj at j

## 7- SET UP THE EQUATIONS IN A MATRIX FORM

8- FIND THE DISPLACEMENTS CORRESPONDING TO THE
UNKNOWNS IN THE RELEASED STRUCTURE (DRXi)
(You may need to draw the shear and moment diagrams)
DRXi = Mmi dx/EI
9- FIND THE FLEXIBILITY COEFFICIENTS.
Fij = mimj dx/EI
10- SOLVE FOR THE UNKNOWNS FORCES (REDUNDANTS) BY USING
EQUATION 1.
11- AGAIN USE THE PRINCIPLE OF SUPERPOSITION AND
FIND ALL THE FORCES AND DISPLACEMENTS
12- DRAW THE FINAL SHEAR AND MOMENT DIAGRAMS

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

2EI EI EI

## 16 ft. 6 ft. 6 ft. 10 ft.

A B C D E
1- SI = 3
2- CHOOSE THE UNKNWONS
W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

2EI EI EI
1
16 ft. 6 ft. 6 ft. 10 ft.
A B C D E

9
Flexibility Method Spring 2016
Released system

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

DRX3

2EI DRX2 EI EI

## 16 ft. 6 ft. 6 ft. 10 ft.

DRX1

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips Guided
Support

2EI EI EI

## 16 ft. DRX2 6 ft. 6 ft. 10 ft. DRX3

A B C D E
DRX1

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips Guided
Support

2EI EI DRX2

A B C D E

## Flexibility Method Spring 2016

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips Guided
Support

2EI EI EI

A B C D E
DRX1

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

DRX3

2EI DRX2 EI EI

DRX1

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

DRX3

DRX1 DRX2

## Flexibility Method Spring 2016

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

DRX3

2EI DRX2
EI

DRX1

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

a b c

+a+b = DRX1
+c+d = DRX2 d = 0, DRX3 = the rotation at E

W = 2 k/ft
48 ft-k 12 kips

2EI EI EI

A B C D E