© All Rights Reserved

0 views

© All Rights Reserved

- Solution Manual for Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis - Nam-Ho Kim
- circle
- Problem set 3 quantum field theory II
- Physics - Rigid Body Dynamics solutions
- Shape-Thin Report Type
- 6707721 Ability and Intelligibility Way Finding and Environmental Cognition in the Designed Environment
- Scientia Magna, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2012
- Key Solution Class Test I 102 132
- (1)Enlargement Practice Questions From Book
- Jacobi An
- 5322_Mathematics_-_I.pdf
- Logarithms Worksheet
- 2014 Midterm 3055 Formula
- Getting Acquainted With Fractals
- Correct TVD Sidetrack
- m462notes19
- Cm Notes Levi Civita
- 1111
- List of Courses Jan-Apr
- Solutions for Diversion Symmetry

You are on page 1of 2

MSRI Publications

Volume 30, 1997

Ricci Curvature with Euclidean Volume Growth

and Nonunique Asymptotic Cone

G. PERELMAN

Consider the metric ds2 = dt2 + A2 (t) dx2 + B 2 (t) dy2 + C 2 (t) dz 2 , where t is

the radial coordinate and x, y, z are spherical coordinates with [X, T ] = [Y, T ] =

[Z, T ] = 0, [X, Y ] = 2Z, [Y, Z] = 2X, and [Z, X] = 2Y . (Taking A(t) = B(t) =

C(t) = t we get the standard Euclidean metric.) A straightforward computation

gives

A00

hR(X, T )T, Xi = kXk2 kT k2 ,

A

hR(X, Y )Y, Xi = kXk2 kY k2

A0 B 0 1

+ (A4 +B 4 3C 4 +2A2 C 2 +2B 2 C 2 2A2 B 2 )

AB A B2 C 2

2

and similar equalities obtained by permutation of the pairs (X, A), (Y, B), (Z, C);

similarly

1

A0 B0

(C 2 +A2 B 2 )+ (A2 B 2 C 2 )+2C 0 C ,

ABC A B

while hR(X, T )T, Y i = hR(T, Y )T, Zi = hR(Z, T )T, Xi = hR(X, Y )Y, Zi =

hR(Y,Z)Z,Xi=hR(Z,X)X,Y i=hR(T,X)X,Y i=hR(T,X)X,Zi=hR(T,Y )Y,Xi=

hR(T, Y )Y, Zi = hR(T, Z)Z, Xi = hR(T, Z)Z, Y i = 0. In particular, the matrix of

Ricci curvature in these coordinates is diagonal. Now take

1

A(t) = 10 t 1 + (t) sin(ln ln t) ,

1

1

B(t) = 10 t 1 + (t) sin(ln ln t) ,

1

C(t) = 10 t 1 (t) ,

This note was prepared when the author was visiting the Courant Institute of Mathematical

Sciences.

165

166 G. PERELMAN

where (t) is a smooth function such that (t) = 0 for t [0, T ] (where T > 0 is a

sufficiently big number), (t) > 0 for t > T , 0 0 (t) t2 , and |00(t)| t3 ;

and (t) is a smooth function such that (t) = 0 for t [0, T /2], 0 (t), 00 (t) > 0

for t (T /2, T ), and 0 (t) = (t ln3/2 t)1 for t > T .

Computation shows that kRmk = O(t2 ) and Ric(T, T ) C/(t2 ln3/2 t),

while Ric(X, X), Ric(Y, Y ), Ric(Z, Z) are all C/t2 . It is also clear that the

asymptotic cone is not unique. It remains only to smooth off the vertex (t = 0),

where our space is isometric to a cone over a sphere of constant curvature 100.

Remark. Mike Anderson has pointed out to me that a similar construction was

used earlier by Brian White, in the context of surfaces in euclidean spaces.

G. Perelman

St. Petersburg Branch

V. A. Steklov Institute of Mathematics (POMI)

Russian Academy of Sciences

Fontanka 27

St. Petersburg, 191011

Russia

perelman@pdmi.ras.ru

- Solution Manual for Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis - Nam-Ho KimUploaded bySaleh
- circleUploaded byAh Cheong
- Problem set 3 quantum field theory IIUploaded bybelderandover09
- Physics - Rigid Body Dynamics solutionsUploaded byPranavMachingal
- Shape-Thin Report TypeUploaded byaka1176
- 6707721 Ability and Intelligibility Way Finding and Environmental Cognition in the Designed EnvironmentUploaded bynandalalv
- Scientia Magna, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2012Uploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- Key Solution Class Test I 102 132Uploaded byAhmed Al-Ghamdi
- (1)Enlargement Practice Questions From BookUploaded bysmaniya5707
- Jacobi AnUploaded byal7123
- 5322_Mathematics_-_I.pdfUploaded byNaveen Pasupuleti
- Logarithms WorksheetUploaded byRaheem
- 2014 Midterm 3055 FormulaUploaded byusama.m
- Getting Acquainted With FractalsUploaded bythyagosmesme
- Correct TVD SidetrackUploaded byDaniel Yamamura
- m462notes19Uploaded byNasir Alee
- Cm Notes Levi CivitaUploaded byEsteban Rodríguez
- 1111Uploaded byapi-241533045
- List of Courses Jan-AprUploaded byAravind Rao Karanam
- Solutions for Diversion SymmetryUploaded byBrown Avgil
- UntitledUploaded byapi-225890336
- ex11Uploaded byKhmer Cham
- Physics Formula Sheet.pdfUploaded bydeepak
- Bahan 6 Phonon Lattice Vibration Part1Uploaded byIqbal Azis R
- Problem Set 03.03 (Rules for Differentiation) CalculusUploaded byGrace Hargis
- The determination of stefan's constant.Uploaded byusman
- CE 206 CEN206Tutorial1Uploaded byAyush P Gupta
- Nucl.Phys.B v.576Uploaded bybuddy72
- Addition of angular momentumUploaded byJean Nelson
- On the generation of conjugate flanks for arbitrary gear geometries A. Johann∗1 and J. Scheurle∗∗1 1 Technische Universita ̈t Mu ̈nchen, Zentrum Mathematik, 80290 Mu ̈nchen, GermanyUploaded byAnagha Joshi

- Winitzki - Heidelberg Lectures on Advanced General Relativity 2007Uploaded bywinitzki
- Ecuaciones Conicas y Coordenadas Polares Ejercicios ResueltosUploaded byJuan Carlos peña Villegas
- rgggUploaded byMaci Costa
- 07 Parabola and Ellipse - Handouts.pdfUploaded byMark Reyes
- Analysis and Mathematical Physics - Shaun Bullett, Tom Fearn, Frank SmithUploaded byJesús Avalos Rodríguez
- (4) HyperbolasUploaded byJonnifer Quiros
- Mathematical Introduction to Conformal Field TheoryUploaded byMateus
- FOX MechanicsUploaded byrheavy2
- 8aUploaded byadnandj
- 01 - Exam Review SetUploaded byLeo Dennis
- Brauer, Weyl - Spinors in n dimensionsUploaded byMarco Piazzi
- Partial Derivatives - 1Uploaded byClement Kipyegon
- The equivalence principle and the relative velocity of local inertial frames - F. Shojai and A. Shojai.pdfUploaded byHaris Syafei
- 1-s2.0-S0895717703900690-mainUploaded byNoman Pfieffer
- Allen maths.pdfUploaded byChiruhaas
- Ryosuke Yamamoto- Open books supporting overtwisted contact structures and the Stallings twistUploaded byDuncan_Vim
- OnlineCalcIIIsyllabus_June2014Uploaded byWillLow1
- 5 5 Equation of PlaneUploaded bySudibyo Gunawan
- tan n normal.pdfUploaded byAnkit Jha
- cycles--arithmetic group--cohomology--Joachim Schwermer.pdfUploaded byAbir Dey
- PC Conic SectionUploaded byHector R.
- 1_5.1 Analysis of Functions IUploaded byAlex Hua
- 8-St Lines and CirclesUploaded byMd Rizwan Ahmad
- Modern Geometric Structures and Fields ContentsUploaded byggl_plx
- Calculo ejerciciosUploaded byAlberto Sánchez Delgado
- Algebraic Geometry over C^inf Rings, JoyceUploaded byMon0id
- Plane of WeaknessUploaded byYUK LAM WONG
- A Brief Introduction to Tensors and their properties.docxUploaded byfazli80
- Unit 2Uploaded bycooooool1927
- unit7Uploaded byPradeep Gs