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Hilbert transform of a signal xt is defined as the transform in which phase angle of all components
of the signal is shifted by 90o .

^(t) ,and it is given by

Hilbert transform of xt is represented with x

1 x(k)
^(t) =
x dk
t k
The inverse Hilbert transform is given by

1 x(k)
^(t) =
x dk
t k
^ t is called a Hilbert transform pair.
xt , x

Properties of the Hilbert Transform

A signal xt and its Hilbert transform ^ t have
The same amplitude spectrum.

The same autocorrelation function.

^ t.
The energy spectral density is same for both xt and x

^ t are orthogonal.
xt and x

^ t is -xt
The Hilbert transform of x

If Fourier transform exist then Hilbert transform also exists for energy and power signals.