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The aim of the PVFC-SYS project is to study and develop a low power configuration best adapted to remote sites. The development of a hybrid system, not already considered at every
energy generation system which will utilise the synergies between a pho- In parallel of this technical work, important actions will be stressed upon national level for such a power and such applications, will all the more
tovoltaic generator and a Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell. such as the system security assessment, the analysis of the system ope- move directly to the European scale as the complementarity of the
Such a system in the range of 5 to 10 kW is intended to be a future rational costs and the corresponding market analysis taking into account consortium expertise will be nearly impossible to find at a national level,
competitor to hybrid PV/Diesel systems especially from an environmen- quickly evolving investment costs of the components. at least concerning the countries involved. In that respect, one delive-
tal point of view as emissions of both exhaust gases and noise will be All the results, in term of system online performance and costs evalua- rable of the project will be the creation of an european consortium in
drastically reduced but also from operational costs point of view. tion and trends will be available through Internet by the way of a dedi- this field helping largely to the implementation of European Union
During the course of the project, two systems will be considered : cated Web page. policy in term of competitiveness.
First, an already existing fully monitored 3 kWp PV system will be equip-
ped with a 5 kW fuel cell block and a 3 kW electrolyser. An emphasis will The overall target of the project is the development of a hybrid system of Photovoltaics and fuel cells represent two very promising industries in
be put on the use of the electrolyser as an alternative to a battery storage. which the conventional part is replaced by an innovative package term of employment. The development of new concepts associated with
This test bench will be used to compare different configurations and to using hydrogen as a fuel and which can be considered as a zero emis- the identification of possible new applications will help the market deve-
assist the development of all the tools dealing with modelling, simulation sion system. Moreover, when considering hybrid systems, operational lopment and consequently the corresponding employment.
and energy management, necessary to allow the design of a pilot system. and replacement costs are mostly coming from the conventional and the In the environmental point of view, as already said, the replacement of
Then the pilot system of nearly the same size will be installed in an indus- battery parts and will not very much evolve in the coming years. The use the conventional part of typical hybrid systems by a fuel cell / electro-
trial company interested by exploring new environmentally friendly tech- of the so-called innovative components will open new possibilities of lyser will not only lead to a reduction of air and noise pollution but will
nical solutions whose profitability is not yet reached but which could future costs decrease both in the investment (a decrease of a factor also result in the conservation of natural and a better use of renewable
play a decisive role in a near future, to reduce the greenhouse effect. 10 to 100 is expected for PEM fuel cells within less than 10 years), ope- resources, contributing as well as for the employment consideration to
The selection of this site must also be understood as a controlled step to rational and replacement point of view ( no moving parts, thus less main- the Community social objectives.
evaluate the degree of reliability of such a system and to validate the tenance and the lifetime of the components is expected to be higher).

PV field

Control unit

Storage Electrolyzer



Programme : PVFC-SYS Partners :

References : ERK5-CT1999-00017 Title : Photovoltaic fuel cell hybrid system for electri-
city and heat generation for remote sites