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Keywords: Kirloskar Engine, Diesel, Exhaust Gas Recirculation, Oxides of

Nitrogen, Soot, etc.
This project focuses on the experimental study on simultaneous reduction of NOx
and smoke by water emulsion of Karanji oil methyl ester in a single cylinder,
direct injection kirloskar diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation. Because
Water-emulsified diesel fuel technology has been proven to reduce nitrogen
oxides (NOx) and smoke simultaneously at relatively low cost compared to other
pollution-reducing strategies. Exhaust gas recirculation is one of the well-known
methods to reduce NOx formation. The percentage of EGR was varied from 5%
to 15% in steps of 5%. The percentage of water was varied from 5% to 15% in
steps of 5%. . From the test result, it is shown that water emulsion and EGR
technology has achieved a substantial reduction of NOx by 66.23% and smoke
emissions by 50% with a compromise of 2.5% of thermal efficiency. The
fundamental reason for the reduced particulate formation is attributed to a
phenomenon known as micro-explosion. Micro-explosion in water blend KOME
fuel is the result of instantaneous vaporization of the water droplets within the
fuel droplet as the fuel is exposed to increasing in cylinder temperature during
injection. Once the mean temperature of the fuel droplet increases above the
boiling point of water, the water quickly and violently evaporates, breaking the
droplet into smaller droplets, which results in a more complete vaporization and
turbulent mixing of the fuel. Surfactants and other components (e.g. Ethanol or
Methanol) enhance the micro-explosion process. Any interaction that reduces the
transportation of lower boiling compounds to the surface reduces the rate of
diffusion. This process increases the probability of rapid boiling and bubble
formation, which leads to enhanced micro-explosion of the fuel droplet. As the
water blend fuel enhances fuel atomization, it leads to the selective reduction of
the insoluble carbon fraction of the particulate.