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Proclamation No. 2146, s. 1981


Signed on December 14, 1981 (http://www.gov.ph/1981/12/14/proclamation-no-2146-s-1981/)

MALACAANG
MANILA

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES

PROCLAMATION NO. 2146

PROCLAIMING CERTAIN AREAS AND TYPES OF PROJECTS AS ENVIRONMENTALLY CRITICAL


AND WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SYSTEM ESTABLISHED
UNDER PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1586.

WHEREAS, it is the national policy to attain and maintain a rational and orderly balance between
socio-economic growth and environmental conservation and protection;

WHEREAS, there is an urgent need to bring about an intensive, integrated program of


environmental protection through a requirement of environmental impact assessments and
statements;

WHEREAS, the environmental impact statement system established under Presidential Decree No,
1586 calls for the proper management of environmentally critical areas;

WHEREAS, the pursuit of a comprehensive and integrated environmental protection program


necessitates the establishment and institutionalization of a system whereby the exigencies of
socio-economic undertakings can be reconciled with the requirements of environmental protection
and conservation;

WHEREAS, the national leadership mandates the establishment of such a system to regulate and
minimize the environmental impacts of projects and undertakings which may signicantly affect
the quality of the environment in Presidential Decree No. 1586; and

WHEREAS, in the effective implementation of such a system, there arises the need to identify and
declare certain projects determined to be environmentally critical;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers
vested in me by law, hereby proclaim the following areas and types of projects as environmentally
critical and within the scope of the Environmental Impact Statement System;

A. Environmentally Critical Projects

I. Heavy Industries

a. Non-ferrous metal industries


b. Iron and steel mills
c. Petroleum and petro-chemical industries including oil and gas
d. Smelting plants

II. Resource Extractive Industries

a. Major mining and quarrying projects


b. Forestry projects

1. Logging
2. Major wood processing projects
3. Introduction of fauna (exotic-animals) in public/private forests
4. Forest occupancy
5. Extraction of mangrove products
6. Grazing

c. Fishery Projects

1. Dikes for/and shpond development projects


III. Infrastructure Projects

a. Major dams
b. Major power plants (fossil-fueled, nuclear fueled, hydroelectric or geothermal)
c. Major reclamation projects
d. Major roads and bridges

B. Environmentally Critical Areas

1. All areas declared by law as national parks, watershed reserves, wildlife preserves and
sanctuaries;

2. Areas set aside as aesthetic potential tourist spots;

3. Areas which constitute the habitat for any endangered or threatened species of indigenous
Philippine Wildlife (ora and fauna);

4. Areas of unique historic, archaeological, or scientic interests;

5. Areas which are traditionally occupied by cultural communities or tribes;

6. Areas frequently visited and/or hard-hit by natural calamities (geologic hazards, oods,
typhoons, volcanic activity, etc.);

7. Areas with critical slopes;

8. Areas classied as prime agricultural lands;

9. Recharged areas of aquifers;

10. Water bodies characterized by one or any combination of the following conditions;

a. tapped for domestic purposes


b. within the controlled and/or protected areas declared by appropriate authorities
c. which support wildlife and shery activities

11. Mangrove areas characterized by one or any combination of the following conditions:
a. with primary pristine and dense young growth;
b. adjoining mouth of major river systems;
c. near or adjacent to traditional productive fry or shing grounds;
d. which act as natural buffers against shore erosion, strong winds and storm oods;
e. on which people are dependent for their livelihood.

12. Coral reefs characterized by one or any combinations of the following conditions:

a. With 50% and above live coralline cover;


b. Spawning and nursery grounds for sh;
c. which act as natural breakwater of coastlines.

This Proclamation shall take effect immediately.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Republic of the
Philippines to be afxed.

Done in the City of Manila, this 14th day of December, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and
eighty-one.

(Sgd.)FERDINAND E. MARCOS
President of the Philippines

By the President:
(Sgd.) JUAN C. TUVERA
Presidential Executive Assistant

Source: CDAsia (www.cdasia.com)

RESOURCES

[PDF] Proclamation No. 2146, December 14, 1981


(http://www.gov.ph/downloads/1981/12dec/19811214-PROC-2146-FM.pdf)

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