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Water Financing Partnership Facility

RETA 6498: Knowledge and Innovation Support for ADBs Water Financing


Application Form

Activity Title: Developing Pilot Model Projects on Water-Use Efficiency for High-Value Agriculture
in Water Scarce Areas in Balochistan
Proposer (Name, Organization): CWER
Request Date: 25 April 2017
Country: Pakistan Region: CWRD
Activity Proposed Start Date: 1 June 2017 Activity Proposed Duration: Eight Months

Cost Estimate: $50,000

Implementing Organization Contact: N/A
ADB Activity Officer name, Noriko Sato, Natural Resources Specialist, CWER
position, division, telephone and Ext: 1757,

1. Background and Rationale:

The proposed ADB loan project, Balochistan Water Resources Development Project (BWRDP)
of $100 million aims to increase farm income through improved land and water resources by
construction and rehabilitation of canals, drains, and karezes (subsurface water channels) in two
river basins, Zhob and Mula; where water is extremely scarce. The ongoing PPTA for the
proposed BWRDP has found that conventional irrigation systems cannot address the issues of
low water availability. Innovative solutions to improve water productivity (maximizing crop
produced per unit of water) are to be developed and demonstrated for resource-poor farmers.
These will combine a) cost-effective solar pumping system for use of shallow groundwater; b)
innovative drip irrigation for high-value fruits and vegetables; and c) enhancing farm income
through value chain development.

In the past, a number of initiatives for introducing drip irrigation were attempted by the provincial
government, donors, NGOs and private sector in Balochistan. However the initiatives were only
on a very limited demonstration and failed to spur replication and scaling up. In addition, a
linkage to value chain approach was largely lacking to maximize the benefits of capital intensive
drip irrigation systems.

The proposed PDA focuses on tapping shallow groundwater (emanating from perennial streams)
using solar-powered pumping systems in off-grid locations. These are proposed in the Zhob and
Mula river basins in Balochistan. Small scale solar-powered pumping systems coupled with drip
irrigation could be a suitable option in terms of sustainability. The demonstration would be used
to assess (i) policy and regulatory actions required for sustainable shallow groundwater
management, (ii) affordability of solar irrigation pump sets and drip irrigation systems for small-
scale farmers; (iii) test use of prepaid meters, (iv) strengthening inclusion of women and other
vulnerable groups in improved agricultural practices, particularly harvest and postharvest support
and (iii) development/testing of community aquifer management approaches. The proposed PDA
and its implementation in the BWRDP loan will benefit women through enhanced agricultural
skills and livelihoods activities.
The proposed PDA will prepare two pilot demonstration sites to test the feasibility of solar
irrigation pumping and drip irrigation. The PDA will assess pilot project sample sizes, project
locations, possible orchard value chain system, and technical and financial sustainability of drip-
irrigation with solar power, including the cost effectiveness and acceptability of prepaid meters.
Womens groups will be developed for skills training in improved agricultural practices, and other
suitable rural livelihoods activities. These groups will also contribute to participatory irrigation
system design for BWRDP design by engaging in the identification of suitable communal
washing structures and other relevant infrastructure.

PDA results will be integrated into a proposed JFPR grant project for improved rural livelihoods
using innovative irrigation technologies and improved practices. This will be implemented as a
complementary grant investment component to the ensuing BWRDP loan. Furthermore, the
preparation and implementation of the groundwater policy and its management regulation or
mechanism will be integrated under the loan project.

The proposed approach for the efficient use of water was introduced by the ADB Mission to the
Government of Balochistan (GoB) in November 2016 and was agreed with the GoB to be
implemented in the proposed BWRDP.1

2. Goals & Objectives:

The proposed PDA aims to design and develop two pilot models for improved water productivity
in remote locations. This will include assessing the potential use of technologies like solar
irrigation pumps for use of shallow groundwater, installation of drip irrigation for high-value
agriculture and prepaid meters. Community- aquifer management will be undertaken by farmer
organizations in selected sites of the Zhob and Mula river basins in Balochistan. Womenss
groups will focus on improved agricultural and other livelihood activities and contribute to
irrigation subproject design. The results of the PDA will form the basis of a complementary JFPR
to support BWRDP.

3. Scope and location of Work / Description of Activities:

Location of the project: Zhob and Mula River Basins in Balochistan, Pakistan

Description of activities:
The proposed PDA will include the following activities;
Literature review covering assessment and lesson learn from the previous attempts and
failure of high efficiency irrigation systems define key reasons;
Field survey and stakeholder consultations covering the major actors involved in drip
irrigation, solar pumping, value chain and the community-level aquifer management from
public, private and NGOs opinions, understanding of previous attempts and their
constraints etc;
Design and assess feasibility of two pilot models for Zhob and Mula river basins
comprising (a) small scale solar powered shallow pumping system and associated drip
irrigation systems in areas having shallow groundwater and prepaid meters, (b) identify
and design suitable womens livelihoods and agriculture strengthening activities,
including harvest and post harvest support and other activities; (c) assess the full range
of value chain activities comprising farmers (and womens activities) and supply and
service providers through inputs and services to the farmers; and d) undertake initial
consultation for community-level aquifer management approach through strengthening

The PPTA of the proposed BWRDP has found that adequate efforts on addressing the issues of groundwater
management and governance instruments that would regulate extracting deep groundwater by pumping-up,
particularly by pumping with grid-electricity, are lacking in Balochistan. The proposed BWRDP will prepare an
overall groundwater management strategy, groundwater management action plan and regulations as part of
capacity development, and implement them during the loan implementation.
existing farmers organization; and associated policy and regulatory enhancement
activities. The latter may be in consultation with the on-going World Bank small scale
irrigation project which has a groundwater management component.

4. Implementation Schedule, Institutional Management Arrangements, and Proponent


Implementation Schedule

Consultant recruited and mobilization by 31 May 2017

Initial field visit and stakeholder consultation by 31 July 2017
Concept of the pilot model shared and discussed with the Government of Balochistan during
ADBs Fact-Finding of the ensuing loan project in August 2017
Field study and consultation completed by 31 October 2017
Pilot model projects designed, discussed and agreed with the Government of Balochistan by 15
December 2017
PDA implementation arrangements for JFPR grant project prepared by March 2018
PDA pilot model projects implementation in the ensuing loan project commenced by April 2018

Institutional management: The implementation of the PDA will be carried out through the
engagement of individual international and national consultants including one woman for gender
related activities.

Proponent Qualifications: NA

5. Expected Results (outputs/outcomes/effects/impacts): The PDA impacts, outcomes are

described are:

Impact: Increased agricultural production and sustainable groundwater use in the project
Outcome: Sustainable use of high level technologies including shallow solar pumps and drip
irrigation in the project area.

The PDA output is a complete design of two pilot model projects with components and cost
estimates, and other information needed to satisfy the ADB requirements.

6. Measurable Performance Indicators:

Consultant recruited and mobilized: 31 May 2017

Draft Inception Submission: 15 June 2017
Draft Final Report with two pilot projects submission: 15 November 2017
Approval of JFPR grant project for PDA pilot model project implementation: 30 January 2018
Approval of the proposed loan project: 28 February 2018
Commencement of Implementation of the pilot model project: 15 April 2018

7. Stakeholders Participation: The PDA implementation will ensure engagement of and

consultation with selected local communities. Local NGOs, the local government agencies, and
the provincial government agencies from selection of the pilot project locations all the way to the
design of the project components. They will also be fully involved later in the actual project

8. Scope for Replication/Use in Other DMCs: The pilot model projects may be applied to other
communities not only within the Zhob and Mula river basins but also in other river basins having
potential for utilization of shallow groundwater along streams and rivers and/or lifting river water
in Balochistan, and their benefits could be extended to reach the most vulnerable people in
Balochistan. It has also potential for replication in other water scarce areas in other provinces in
Pakistan. The package of technology will be introduced in the areas where electricity is not
available from the national grid. The community aquifer management approach would also
provide options for sustainable use of groundwater.

9. Cost Estimates: The PDA is estimated to cost around $50,000 which will cover consulting
services for developing two pilot models as detailed below:

Water Resources and Agriculture Specialist (International/Intermittent, 22 working days@$600/day)

$20,000 including per diem, travel and OPE costs total
Agriculture Value Chain Specialist (International/Intermittent, 18 working days@600/day)
$16,000 including per diem, travel and OPE costs total
Gender and Rural Livelihoods Specialist (National/Intermittent, 15 days) $8,000
Community/stakeholder consultation/Workshop in Zhob, Mula and Quetta, Balochistan $3,000
Contingency $3,000