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Origins of the word graffiti

Graffiti is a style of art made on both public and private surfaces, prevalent in low income areas of
cities, taking the form o f drawings, words, and art. Graffiti art is often considered vandalism because
most of the time, the propertys owner is not consulted about the art administration. Graffitti art dates
back to ancient classical Greece and the Roman Empire. The word Graffiti is a plural word derived
from graffito, which refers to works of art created by scratching a design on a surface. The word
sgraffito is also related to the word Graffiti in which it conveys a method of scratching through a layer
of paint in order to reveal another pigmented layer below. All the words mentioned above are originally
from the Italian language, and the main roots are graffiato which means to scratch and this word is
from the Greek word graphein which means to write. It is still not clear when exactly the word graffiti
was first used to distinguish an art form.

Modern graffiti

Throughout the 20th century, World War Two seemed to mark the real recognition of modern graffiti.
Kilroy was here became a popular cultural American expression in the form of graffiti; it depicted a
doodle of Kilroy peeking over a wall. Similarly, Australians adopted a nation the nation wide graffiti
Foo was here. Mr. Chad was another popular graffiti subject of the times, which portrayed a face
with eyes and nose hanging over a wall saying What No . ?. This referred to lack of commodities
during the time of rationing. With the advent of airplane inventions, airplane graffiti followed including
the nose art that became popular during WWII. With the development of large cities and urban areas
after the war, in the second half of the 20th century, gangs would mark public property and walls with
their gang names, titles, and tages this would mark the gangs territory. By the end of the 20th
century graffiti, or tagging, was no longer restricted to gangs, but spread to artists who began to leave
their tags in order to create a name and reputation as a graffiti artist. The very first documented
incident of illegal spray painted markings was found in Philadelphia. The artist responsible named
himself Cornbread. Certain graffiti has local significance such as the tagging done by the Californian
gangs the Bloods and the Crips. The graffiti name Cool Disco" Dan appears in the Washington D.C.
area; the artist creating the graffiti has been actively spraying his tag since 1984. Instead of becoming
caught up in drugs and games during the Go Go scene of the 80s, this artist devoted himself to
graffiti. More information on Cool Disco Dan can be found in the book Free Agents, a history of
Washington, DC graffiti. A joke put out by the Washington post is as follows: What two peoples help
will Mayor Marion Barry need to clean up Washington, D.C.? The answer is Cool Disco Dan and
God!

Ancient graffiti

In ancient times the term graffiti referred to figure drawings, wall carvings and inscriptions found on
ancient ruins, throughout Pompeii, and within the Catacombs of Rome. The word evolved to include
artistic vandalism. The first known example of modern graffiti exists in the Ephesus, an ancient Greek
city that is now Turkey. The graffiti conveys a for a good time sign which appears near a long mosaic
stone walkway. The sign includes a heart shape, a footprint, handprints, and a numbers. The hands
represented how much the good time would cost, and the foot shows how many steps it would take to
find the lover. Pompeii is a Roman city that depicts many examples of graffiti art youll find, in Latin
graffiti, magic instructions, insults, love declarations, signs for political campaigns, caricatures, and
quotations from literature. Ancient graffiti is also found in Hadrians Villa at Tivoli, in the Mayan site of
Tikal in Guatemala, Viking graffiti in Rome, and vandalism art in Ireland at Newgrange Mound.

Graffiti art terms

Tag a tag is an artists personal stylized signature. A tagger or a writer is an individual that leaves a
tag or signature.
Piece a piece, derived from masterpiece, is a large 3D image depicting arrows, many colors, and
cool effects. If the site of the piece is a difficult location, and is well done, the artists / writer will earn
the most respect.
Throw-up a throw up is not a piece, rather it takes less time to create than a piece. It usually consists
of an outline and one fill in color. The most common form of throw-ups are bubble letters and shapes
the reduced time in artistic investment also reduces the chances that the vandal will be caught.
Sticky a sticky is a sticker that has the graffiti artists tag on it.
Cru A cru or crew is a group of graffiti writers and artists that stick together they can be part of
gangs or not.
Slash it is a great insult to slash or put a line through someone elses graffiti it is a disrespectful
action also known as dissing, buffing, marking, or capping.
Back To Back the term back to back describes graffiti that covers a wall from one side to the other (ie
the Berlin Wall, train cars).
Burner a burner is a complex, large piece that appears to be burning out of walls and trains.
Insides insides are tags created within buses, trains, cars, or trams. During the 1970s it was
common in New York to see as much graffiti inside a train as on the outside.
Going Over if an artist goes over another persons piece and replaces it with his own tag it is the
same as declaring war.
Toy a toy is a graffiti artist that is not talented, or new to the scene.
King a king is a writer that has gained respect by being talented, and owning the most tags in a
certain area (in trains, outside of trains, on walls).
Nic if you nic someones work you are stealing their ideas, color schemes and lettering. Bite bite
means the same as nic in New York

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