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Choke(electronics)

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Inelectronics,achokeisaninductorusedtoblockhigherfrequency
alternatingcurrent(AC)inanelectricalcircuit,

Thenamecomesfromblockingchokinghighfrequencies
whilepassinglowfrequencies.Itisafunctionalnamethename
chokeisusedifaninductorisusedforblockingordecoupling
higherfrequencies,butissimplycalledaninductorifusedin
electronicfiltersortunedcircuits.Inductorsdesignedforuseas
chokesareusuallydistinguishedbynothavingthelowloss
construction(highQfactor)requiredininductorsusedintuned
circuitsandfilteringapplications.

Contents
Achoke,withtwo47mHwindings
1 Typesandconstruction andratedtohandle0.6A

1.1 Audiofrequencychokes

1.2 Radiofrequencychokes

1.3 Commonmodechokes

2 References

3 Furtherreading

4 Seealso

5 Externallinks

Typesandconstruction
Chokesaredividedintotwobroadclasses:

Audiofrequencychokes(AFC)designedtoblockaudioandpowerlinefrequencieswhileallowing
DCtopass
Radiofrequencychokes(RFC)designedtoblockradiofrequencieswhileallowingaudioandDCto
pass.

Audiofrequencychokes
Audiofrequencychokes(AFC)usuallyhaveferromagneticcoresto
increasetheirinductance.Theyareoftenconstructedsimilarlyto
transformers,withlaminatedironcoresandanairgap.Amajoruse
inthepastwasinpowerrectifiersanddirectcurrentmotor
controllerstoproducedirectcurrent(DC),wheretheywereusedin
conjunctionwithlargeelectrolyticcapacitorstoremovethevoltage
ripple(AC)attheoutputDC.Arectifiercircuitdesignedfora
chokeoutputfiltermayproducetoomuchDCoutputvoltageand
subjecttherectifierandfiltercapacitorstoexcessiveinrushand
ripplecurrentsiftheinductorisremoved.However,modern
AnMForHFradiochokefortenths
electrolyticcapacitorswithhighripplecurrentratings,andvoltage
ofanampere,andaferritebeadVHF
regulatorsthatremovemorepowersupplyripplethanchokescould,
chokeforseveralamperes.
haveeliminatedheavy,bulkychokesfrommainsfrequencypower
supplies.Smallerchokesareusedinswitchingpowersuppliesto
removethehigherfrequencyswitchingtransientsfromtheoutput
andsometimesfromfeedingbackintothemainsinput.Theyoften
havetoroidalferritecores.

Radiofrequencychokes

Radiofrequencychokes(RFC)oftenhaveironpowderorferrite
cores.Theyareoftenwoundincomplexpatterns(basketwinding)
toreduceselfcapacitanceandproximityeffectlosses.Chokesfor
evenhigherfrequencieshavenonmagneticcoresandlow Aferrite"bead"choke,consistingof
inductance. acylinderofferriteencirclinga
computerpowercordtoblock
AmodernformofchokeusedforeliminatingdigitalRFnoisefrom electronicnoise.
linesistheferritebead,acylindricalortorusshapedcoreofferrite
slippedoverawire.Theseareoftenseenoncomputercables.AtypicalRFchokevaluecouldbe2
millihenries.

Commonmodechokes

Commonmodechokes,wheretwocoilsarewoundonasinglecore,areusefulforpreventionof
electromagneticinterference(EMI)andradiofrequencyinterference(RFI)frompowersupplylinesandfor
preventionofmalfunctioningofelectronicequipment.Theypassdifferentialcurrents(equalbutopposite),
whileblockingcommonmodecurrents.[2]Magneticfieldsproducedbydifferentialmodecurrentsinthe
windingstendtocanceleachotherout.Thus,thechokepresentslittleinductanceorimpedanceto
differentialmodecurrents.Thisalsomeansthecorewillnotsaturateevenforlargedifferentialmode
currentsandthemaximumcurrentratingisinsteaddeterminedbytheheatingeffectofthewinding
resistance.Commonmodecurrents,however,seeahighimpedanceduetothecombinedinductanceofthe
windings.

References
1. "UnderstandingCommonModeNoise".Pulse.Retrieved17April2012.
2. http://www.murata.com/products/emc/knowhow/pdf/26to30.pdf
Furtherreading
Wildi,Thodore(1981)Electricalpower
technology,ISBN9780471077640

Seealso
Linereactor Atypicalcommonmodechokeconfiguration.Thecommon
modecurrents,I1andI2,flowinginthesamedirection
Externallinks througheachofthechokewindings,createsequalandin
phasemagneticfieldswhichaddtogether.Thisresultsinthe
CommonModeChokeTheory(http://ww chokepresentingahighimpedancetothecommonmode
w.butlerwinding.com/store.asp?pid=2834 signal. [1]
9)

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Categories: Electromagneticcoils Electrodynamics Wirelesstuningandfiltering

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