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You are on page 1of 9

I. Calculate the factored shear force vu at critical sections defined in Page 199, or

at any section you want the spacing to be determined.

v c=0.17 f '

example: c bw d

V V C,

If V u> V c

1

u>

but 2 proceed to step VI. (Sec.411.6.6)

V 1 VC,

If u>

2 beam section is capable to carry the required shear.

n=V u

1. V

c= V u

n V Vc

2. s= V -

V

s >

If f ' b w d, adjust the size of the beam (Sect.411.6.7.9)

V 0.66

V. Spacing of stirrups

Av f d

Spacing, s=

yt

Vs

bar size or . adding more shear area

Maximum spacing, s: (411.6.4)

1

VI. If Vu < Vc but Vu > Vc :

2

bw S bw S

A v min = 0.062 f ' 0.35 (Sect. 411.6.6.3)

f yt f yt

Illustrative Problems

Note: If not specified all concrete in these illustrative problems are normal weight concrete,

where =1.0

Problem 4.1

A rectangular beam has a width of 260 mm and an overall depth of 470 mm.

Concrete cover is 60 mm from the centroid of bars. Concrete compressive strength

c=

f 21 MPa. Steel yield strength provided by concrete using the simplified

calculation (a) if the beam is subjected to shear and flexure only, and (b) if the

beam is subjected to axial compressive force of 80 kN.

Solution

Effective depth, d=470-60=410mm

Vc = 0.17 f 'c bw d

Vc = 0.17(1) 21 (260)(410)

Vc = 83.045 kN

b) The beam is subjected to axial compressive force of 80 kN.

Nu

Vc = 0.17 ( 1+

14 A g ) bw d

80,000

V c = 0.17 (1+ 14(122,200) ) (1) (260) (410)

V c = 86.93 kN

Problem 4.2

Determine the minimum cross section required for a rectangular beam from a

u=

shear standpoint so that no web reinforcement is required by the Code if V

c=

142 kN and f 27.6 MPa. Assume d=1.7b

Solution

exceed of 0.5 V c .

V c = 0.17 f 'c bw d

w=

b 499.4 mm

d= 849 mm

Using the 2001 NSCP; b= 469 mm, d = 798 mm

Problem 4.3

w= 280

A rectangular beam has b mm, d = 510 mm. Determine the maximum

c=

factored shear can this beam section carry. Use 24 MPa.

Solution

Shear strength provided by concrete:

(510)

Vc = 118.928 kN

(280)(510)

V s max = 461.719 kN

V n max = 580.647 kN

Vu = V n max V u = 0.75(580.647)

Vu = 435.485 kN

Problem 4.4 (CE BOARD)

A reinforced concrete bean has the following properties.

Beam width, b = 320 mm

Effective depth, d = 640 mm

If the factored shear force at the critical section is 210,000 N, compute the nominal

shear carried by the shear reinforcement.

Solution

Shear strength carried by concrete:

V c = 159.547 kN

Vu 210

Vn = Vn =

0.75

V n = 280 kN

Vs = 120.453 kN

Problem 4.5 (CE BOARD)

Determine the required stirrup spacing for a 10 mm diameter U- stirrups in a

reinforced concrete beam with effective beam depth of 400 mm to carry the net

shear of 154 kN, if f yh = 270 MPa.

Solution

A v f yt d

The required stirrup spacing is, s = Vs

Av =2x d h

2

Av =2x (10

2

4 4

Av = 157.1 mm2

A v f yt d 157.1(275)( 400)

S= Vs s= 154 x 103

s = 112.2 mm

Problem 4.6

fc = 24 MPa

Determine the required spacing vertical U- stirrup when the required shear strength

Vu is a) 50 kN, b) 90 kN, c) 130 kN, d) 290 kN, e) 360 kN, and f) 570 kN. Use the

2010 NSCP.

Solution

Shear strength provided by concrete:

(570)

V c = 151.908 kN

Vc = 0.75(151.91) = 113.931 kN

1

Vc = 56.965 kN

2

Av =2x (10

2

= 157.08 mm

2

4

1

a) Vu = 50 kN < Vc Beam section capable to carry the

2

required shear.

b) Vu = 90 kN

1

Vu is less than Vc but more than Vc a minimum area of

2

shear reinforcement is required.

bw S 0.35b w S

A v min = 0.062 f 'c

f yt f yt

Av f 157.08(275)

S max 2 =

yt

= = 444 mm

0.062 f ' cb w

0.062 24(320)

Av f 157 (275)

S max3 = yt

= 386 mm

0.35b w 0.35(320)

Use s = 285 mm

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