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APPD

CERT.
GENERATION ENGINEERING & MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

ORIGD

GEMSS-M-23
Revision No. 01

Fire Detection and Protection System

Volume - 1
REVISIONS

DESCRIPTION

PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
This document contains proprietary information developed by and for exclusive use of
Saudi Electricity Company. Your acceptance of the document is an acknowledgement
that it must be used for the identified purpose/application and during the period indicated.
It cannot be used or copied for any other purposes nor released to others without prior
written authorization of Saudi Electricity Company. Saudi Electricity Company will not be
responsible for misuse and/or misapplication, and any harm resulting therefrom. Saudi
Electricity Company also reserves the right to take any necessary actions to protect its
interest against unauthorized use.

Originated By Certified By Approved By

Abdul Rahim Al Harbi Khaled S. Al Rashed Tariq M. Al Tahini


DATE

Division Manager Department Manager Executive Director


Generation Projects Generation Projects Generation Engineering
Engineering & Design Engineering & Projects
NO.

1.

2.

3.

Date:- Date:- Date:-


Generation Engineering & Materials
Standard Specifications
GEMSS-M-23 Rev 01 Volume - 1
Fire Detection and Protection System
Document Responsibility:- Engineering and Design Division
Next Planned Update : Based on new development & technology with the consent of designated division

Table of Contents

1.0 GENERAL DESCRIPTION -------------------------------------- 3


2.0 SCOPE --------------------------------------------------------------- 4
3.0 APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS ---------------- 6
4.0 DESIGN CRITERIA AND SYSTEM DETAILS ------------- 7
5.0 MATERIAL ---------------------------------------------------------- 8
6.0 GENERAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENT ------------------ 9
6.1 Fire protection water supply ------------------------------------- 9
6.2 Fire water storage tanks------------------------------------------ 9
6.3 Fresh water fire pumps (as applicable) -------------------- 10
6.4 Seawater pumping system ------------------------------------ 11
6.5 Fire protection water distribution ----------------------------- 12
6.6 Automatic and manual water spray deluge system ------ 13
6.7 Automatic wet pipe sprinkler and alarm system ---------- 14
6.8 Automatic/remote manual foam/water spray
systems------------------------------------------------------------- 16
6.9 Balanced pressure proportioning system ------------------ 17
6.10 Diaphragm pressure proportioning system ---------------- 17
6.11 Remote/manual foam system and water spray
cooling system for fuel oil tank area ------------------------- 18
6.12 Tank foam injection system ----------------------------------- 19
6.13 Fuel oil tank farm dyked area foam monitor system ----- 19
6.14 Spray water cooling system for the fuel oil tanks -------- 20
6.15 Fixed seawater suppression system ------------------------ 21
6.16 Marine terminal and fuel oil unloading facilities (as
applicable per scope of work) --------------------------------- 21
6.17 Gas extinguishing systems ------------------------------------ 22
6.18 Fire hydrant system --------------------------------------------- 24
6.19 Outdoor hose storage cabinets and equipment ---------- 25
6.20 Standpipe and hose rack/reel cabinet system ------------ 26
6.21 Portable extinguishers ------------------------------------------ 27
6.22 Auxiliary fire equipment ----------------------------------------- 28
6.23 Fire-fighting vehicles (as applicable per scope of
work) ---------------------------------------------------------------- 29
6.24 Piping, valves, actuators, hangers and supports --------- 30
6.25 Facility for connection to future units ------------------------ 31
7.0 MISCELLANEOUS REQUIREMENTS --------------------- 31
7.1 Instrumentation and Control System ------------------------ 31

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Generation Engineering & Materials
Standard Specifications
GEMSS-M-23 Rev 01 Volume - 1
Fire Detection and Protection System
Document Responsibility:- Engineering and Design Division
Next Planned Update : Based on new development & technology with the consent of designated division

7.2 Electrical System ------------------------------------------------- 32


7.3 Field Quality Control--------------------------------------------- 32
8.0 TECHNICAL SCHEDULES/ DATA SHEETS ------------ 32

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Document Responsibility: Engineering and Design Division Volume - 1
Next Planned Update:- Based on new development & technology GEMSS-M-23 Rev 01
with the consent of designated division Fire Detection and Protection System

1.0 GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The complete Fire Detection and Protection system shall supply the Fire Detection and
Protection needs of the plant , plant extension (as applicable) and auxiliary buildings.

The CONTRACTOR shall ensure that the design engineering, selection and supply of materials,
fabrication, construction, installation, inspection, testing, performance and operation of the system comply
with the latest rules, regulations, standards and codes.

The Fire Detection and Protection control system shall ensure an integral, coordinated system
that meets Plant requirements. Coordination shall include interconnecting equipment, control systems,
monitoring systems, electrics and instrumentation.

The Contractors proposed Fire Detection and Protection system for the facility, together with all
associated buildings and ancillaries, shall be designed in accordance with the recommendations of the
applicable standards, along with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes and standards and
shall be subject to the approval of Company/Engineer. In particular, the recommendations of KSAs Ministry
of the Interiors High Commission for Industrial Security (HCIS), and the particular standards referenced
therein, shall be followed.

All plant and buildings shall be designed and arranged to minimize the possibility of fire hazards
originating from them, or spreading to them, from a fire in the vicinity. Plant and cables shall be segregated
to reduce fire risk, damage and multiple shutdowns.

Electrical equipment located in hazardous areas shall be explosion proof, flame proof,
intrinsically safe or otherwise designed to be suitable for the location and zone.

The Contractor shall supply a comprehensive Fire Detection and Protection system to cover the
plant and the associated equipment and processes. The fire protection system shall be monitored from the
DCS in the fire control centre and as well as from central control room (CCR).

The Contractor shall provide all calculations for the complete fire detection / protection systems
required to cover the plant area , plant extension area as per their scope of work; conduct the design,
procurement, equipment and system installation and subsequent testing. All shall comply with the applicable
NFPA and related design Code requirements, applicable national and local Codes and Standards and local
SEC Fire Department (ISD) regulations and shall be subject to approval by the Company/Engineer.

All equipment and materials shall be selected from Companys approved list of
manufacturers/brands.

The Contractor shall carryout a fire risk evaluation analysis/report and submit the same for
review and approval by the Company/Engineer as per NFPA 850.

This section should be read in conjunction with the flow diagrams of the Fire Fighting Systems
No. GESDRW-M-23 Sheet 2/2 and Fire Fighting for the Fuel Oil Tanks No. GESDRW-M-23 Sheet 1/2. Also
refer to specification GEMSS-M-20 Service Water/Fire Water System for requirements for details of the
interface with the service water / fire water system.

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Document Responsibility: Engineering and Design Division Volume - 1
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Equipment and services to be provided shall include, but not be limited to, those items as
specified herein. Omissions of details or specific items shall not be considered as omission from the
Contract if these are found to be required to provide a complete functional system to meet the requirement of
the power plant.

2.0 SCOPE

This Specification covers the detailed design, supply and installation of all water, foam and gas
based firefighting detection and protection systems for the complete power station, including the substation,
marine terminal and fuel unloading facilities as applicable.

However, the Contractor shall provide and install a complete fire detection and protection system
for the power plant and ancillary equipment. The final system design shall be the responsibility of the
Contractor and the scope of works shall include, but not be limited to the following for the fire protection
water storage and supply system, comprising: -

a. Fire (fresh) water storage tanks (as applicable).

b. Fresh water pumping station. (i.e., electrical, diesel and jockey) (as applicable)

c. Emergency seawater pumping station (as applicable).

d. Fire protection water distribution hydrant ring main systems (fresh and seawater ) for all
plant and open areas.

e. Automatic water spray deluge protection for all oil filled transformers, cable floors and
tunnels, hydrogen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide cylinder storage areas gas cylinder
store.

f. Water spray deluge protection (manually activated) for boiler air heaters and boiler
structure fire escape stairs.

g. Automatic water sprinkler system for boiler / HRSG area as applicable (including
ID/FD/GR fans), workshop and stores areas, chemical stores, warehouse, mosque,
industrial security buildings, main gatehouse, National Guard and coast guard
compound, cable spreading rooms, cable basements and cable tunnels. Diesel fire
pump house and Diesel generator pump house.

h. Automatic/remote manual foam/water spray protection for Steam turbine/generator (oil)


plant, turbine clean and dirty lube oil system. Fuel oil pump house and oil tank, drain
tank pits where fuel/oil is handling, Diesel fire pumps and Diesel generator building and
fuel oil day tanks.

i. Remote/local manually initiated foam/water protection and water spray cooling system
for the fuel oil tank areas, including: -

- Tank foam injection systems.

- Tank bund area foam monitor system.

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- Spray water cooling system for all fuel oil tanks.

j. Floor drains shall be provided in areas containing fixed sprinkler or water spray systems.

k. Clean agent (FM-200/NOVEC) extinguishing fire protection system for switchgear


rooms, panels, instrument room and electronic rooms.local control rooms , central
control room building

l. Foam/water piping systems (all foam systems to have the facility of flushing out with
fresh water).

m. Outdoor hose cabinets and equipment. Outdoor hydrant system with hoses, hose
cabinets , equipment & appurtenances.

n. Standpipe and hose reel/hose rack cabinet system in the buildings, plant and open
areas.

o. Portable and Mobile Fire extinguishers (water/CO2/dry powder/foam as applicable) in all


the buildings.

p. Auxiliary Fire Equipment.

q. Interconnecting pipe work, expansion joints, insulating flange gasket sets, valves,
nozzles, hangers and supports.

r. Piping, valves, hydrants, actuators, hangers and supports, etc.

s. Isolating valves and blank flanged connections to facilitate future hydrant main
extension.

The following associated equipment and services shall be provided by the Contractor: -

t. Shop and site testing.

u. Fire system control and instrumentation, including fire detection and alarms notification
system.

v. Fire equipment electrical systems.

w. Fire system civil work.

The installation shall be complete in all respects and shall include all equipment necessary for
safe, reliable and efficient operation of the system.

This Specification provides for the design, manufacture, construction, supply, testing in works,
packaging for export, shipping, transport, delivery to Site, unloading at Site, complete erection, painting,
commissioning and putting into normal operation, performance and reliability testing on completion and
instruction of the Companys personnel for the Fire Detection and Protection System, which are common to
all systems, plant and equipment being provided under the Mechanical Equipment and Material

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specifications and all obligations during the defects liability period as stipulated in the Conditions of Contract.
All equipment, spare parts and materials used in the construction of the plant shall be new and unused.

3.0 APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS

The Fire Detection and Protection System shall be designed and manufactured in accordance
with the general requirements for codes and standards defined in Section 3 of GEMSS-G-01 General
Requirements for Equipment/Materials. Specific requirements applicable to Fire Detection and Protection
System are stated below.

All plant/equipment supplied under this contract shall comply with the latest NFPA, Saudi Civil
Defence requirements and Safety and Security Directives (SSD) from Higher Commission of Industrial
Safety and Security (HCISS) standards in full during the design of fire protection systems.

It is the Contractors responsibility at the date of Contract Award, to comply with the prevailing
laws, statutes or regulations of KSA applicable, and any other codes and/or standards mentioned within this
specification.

The Contractor shall provide calculations to demonstrate correct sizing of the tanks, for
Company approval. The design, fabrication, installation and testing of the tanks shall be as per applicable
Codes, (eg AWWA D 100 or equivalent international codes). At least 20 per cent additional tank nozzles
shall be provided.

Company and NFPA codes and standard but not be limited to the following are summarized for
reference for the fire protection system.

NFPA 1 Fire Prevention Code

NFPA 10 Portable Fire Extinguishers.

NFPA 11 Low, Medium and High Expansion Foam

NFPA 12 Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguishing System

NFPA 13 Installation of Sprinkler Systems

NFPA 14 Installation of Standpipe and Hose systems

NFPA 15 Water Spray Fixed System for Fire Protection

NFPA 16 Installation of Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray System

NFPA 20 Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection

NFPA 22 Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection

NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

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NFPA 50A Gaseous Hydrogen Systems at Consumers Site

NFPA 70 National Electrical Code

NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code

NFPA 80 Fire Doors and Other Opening Protective

NFPA 80A Recommended Practice for Protection of Buildings from Exterior Fire
Exposure

NFPA 90A Standard for the Installation of Air Conditioning and Ventilating Systems

NFPA 92A, 92B Standard for smoke-control systems and smoke management systems.

NFPA 2001 Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems

NFPA 850 Recommended Practice for Fire Protection for Electric Generating Plants
and High Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations

IEC 331 Fire Resisting Characteristics of Electric Cables.

SEC Standard Fire Protection & Prevention Requirements For Saudi Electricity Company
Specifications Facilities: (ISD) Industrial Security Department

HCIS Industrial Security and Safety Directives (SSD) - High Commission for
Industrial Safety and Security of Saudi Arabia.(HCIS)

4.0 DESIGN CRITERIA AND SYSTEM DETAILS

The Contractor shall provide all calculations for all of the fire detection and protection systems,
conduct the design, procurement, equipment and system installation and subsequent testing. The
Contractor shall also prepare and submit, for approval by the Company, a Fire Detection and Protection Risk
Assessment based on identification of hazards and risks of the systems protected in compliance with the
requirements of the specification and the above mentioned codes and regulations.

The Contractor shall provide two (2) sets of licensed software packages, in DVD format MS
Windows compatible, used in the design for the complete firefighting system and they shall be submitted with
the design calculations.

In addition to the document and drawing requirements as specified in the General requirements
Section of this Specification, following the approval by the Company, the Contractor shall prepare and submit
to the Company a minimum of three (3) complete sets of documents, drawings and calculations relating to

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the fire fighting and fire alarm system for onward submission to KSA Fire Department by the Company. It
shall be the Contractors responsibility to follow up and secure the necessary certification from KSA Fire
Department and provide such evidence of compliance to the Company.

All equipment and valves, etc, shall be FM approved and/or UL listed as appropriate.

Materials and equipment required for a complete and functional fire detection & protection
system shall be provided.

Only reliable equipment requiring minimal maintenance shall be used. Skid mounted equipment
shall be provided where appropriate.

Easy access is necessary from the ground floor or from an installed platform to each valve,
instrument, man way, utility connection, etc. Therefore, all stairways and platforms required shall be
considered as an integral part of the equipment, unless otherwise specified.

The design, construction and installation of the system shall be carried out with consideration to
maximizing the continuity of supply, availability of service and reliability.

The system shall be designed to fight Class A, B and C fires.

The main firewater ring network and it shall be installed above ground except for traffic roads or
wherever it shall be required to run inside a concrete trench. The new fire water pipeline shall be tied and
interfaced with the existing network at least at two (2) interface points (af applicable per scope of work). If
additional tie-in points are required, then the Contractor shall provide the requirements. All tie-in points
between the extension main firewater ring and the extension facilities and the existing main firewater ring
shall use proper OS&Y gate valve systems protected by anti-tamper switches.

The new installation shall be compatible with the existing one to enhance interchangeability of
parts, tools and hose fittings, where applicable. The Bidder is advised to visit the site to acquaint himself of
the existing firefighting system as a precondition prior to submission of the Tender in order to ensure a
sound, secure, reliable and complete installation.

Contractor shall also provide a self-monitoring, fully addressable fire detection and alarm system
to cover all areas of the entire plant or plant extension, as applicable.

All required hoses shall be synthetic rubber lined (double jacket) except for that used at the
Hose Rack Cabinets which shall be synthetic rubber lined (single jacket).

5.0 MATERIAL

Reliability and simplicity of operation are of utmost importance. First class and new materials
shall be used, best workmanship applied, conservative stress levels employed, sufficient clearances
provided, and the latest proven design philosophy shall be applied.

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All equipment and components shall be new and designed and manufactured for the specific
purpose for which they shall be used within the plant.

The design, construction and installation of the system shall be such as to minimize the risk of
the outbreak of fire and to minimize the potential and consequential injury to personnel and damage to
equipment.

All equipment and valves, etc, shall be FM approved and/or UL listed as appropriate.

The fresh water pump materials shall be selected by the Contractor in accordance with the duty
and operating conditions. As a minimum, the pumps shall have cast iron/steel casings with bronze impeller
with 316L stainless steel internals in accordance with NFPA 20. Selection by the Contractor of the final
materials shall be approved by the Company.

The seawater pumps shall be constructed from suitable alloy materials in accordance with the
duty and operating conditions with a specific requirement to prevent corrosion, particularly under stagnant
seawater conditions and high seawater temperatures, with cathodic protection arranged as per the other
seawater pumps at the seawater intake.

The pump materials shall be selected in accordance with the general requirements as specified
for the seawater intake pumps including cathodic protection. Selection of the final materials shall be
approved by the Company.

6.0 GENERAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENT

The Tenderer shall provide with his Tender a description of the system, together with details
regarding the design and proposed arrangement in order to meet the design/operating requirements
specified herein,

6.1 Fire protection water supply

The firefighting water network shall be supplied from the potable (remineralized) water system.
The firefighting tanks shall also be connected to the service water tanks (ref. Tender flow diagram GESDRW-
M-20 provided under this Contract to meet the fresh water demand during emergency conditions.

A pumped seawater supply shall also be provided for protection of the fuel oil unloading jetty as
well as the fuel oil tank area in the event of a major fire in the jetty or the tank farm area.

The fresh/seawater interconnection shall be complete with motorized isolation valves and non-
return valves, to facilitate remote changeover, and to prevent contamination of the fresh water system. A
fresh water flushing connection shall also be provided to facilitate cleaning of the entire seawater fire fighting
piping system following initiation of the seawater fire pumps.

6.2 Fire water storage tanks

The tanks shall be designed sized and installed in accordance with NFPA 22 requirements. The
minimum capacity of the tanks shall be two hours maximum fire water demand.

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Alternatively, the Contractor design may incorporate combined fire and service water tanks
capacity requirements, with the service water tank outlet connection located at high level such that the
minimum required fire water capacity is always available as described in specification GEMSS-M-20
Service Water/Fire Water System. Design proposals shall be included in the Tender offer.

Tank filling shall be controlled by motor operated valves and automatic level controllers.

Fresh water supply to the tanks shall be taken from the potable (remineralized) water system.

Local indication of tank level shall be provided by an analogue indicator, housed in a


weatherproof enclosure. Tank low level signals shall be provided for alarms/interlock of the fire water
pumps. Remote indication/alarms of tank level shall be provided at the master fire panel located in the CCR.
All instruments, control devices and cabling shall be included for complete and secure operation of the
system, and shall be in accordance with the requirements of the specification GEMSS-I&C-31 General
Requirements for Control and Instrumentation.

The fire fighting tanks shall be constructed to the same requirements as the Make up Water and
Service Water Storage tanks, as defined in the General Mechanical Requirements Specification. The tanks
shall be internally and externally painted (including the underside of the bottom plate), and shall be
cathodically protected. The painting system shall be in accordance with the requirements of the Painting
and Coatings Protection Systems Specification. All piping connections to the tank(s) shall be protected by
suitably reinforced rubber expansion joints, which shall be furnished and installed by the Contractor.

6.3 Fresh water fire pumps (as applicable)

A central fire water pump house shall be provided to house electric motor driven pumps and
diesel engine driven pumps, all of equal capacity, and a pressure maintaining system comprising of hydro-
pneumatic tank complete with charging pump and compressor and jockey pumps as shown in Tender flow
diagram GESDRW-M-23.

All fire fighting pumps, valves, pipework and equipment shall comply with NFPA 20, and shall be
designed for the maximum cold working pressure of the system or 12.5 barg, whichever is the greater. The
fire pumps shall be capable of operating satisfactorily both independently and in parallel.

The fire pumps shall be horizontal centrifugal type, complete with electric motor/diesel driver as
appropriate, controller, local panel and all accessories in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 20.

The total capacity of the electrical driven fire pumps shall be sized for the largest risk,
considered to be the nominal water demand in case of initial fire protection of the following:

a. Foam injection to the rim seal area of the tank under fire;

b. Water spray cooling of the tank under fire and exposed half rings of the other adjacent
tanks with the same dyke walls;

c. Hose allowance of two outdoor hydrants (500GPM as per NFPA 850)

d. Two foam monitors (600GPM each) for dyke spill protection.


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Each seawater diesel fire pump capacity will be equal to the spray cooling water demand as
stated in item b. above for fresh water.

The Contractor shall be responsible for calculating and verifying the pump rated flow and head
for the Power Station, which shall be to the approval of the Company. Ultimately the water demand shall be
based on the requirements of NFPA.

The pumping system shall include a test line with valving, metering (venturi type), etc, in
accordance with NFPA 20, to enable periodic flow tests by recirculating water back to the fire water storage
tanks.

The electrically driven pumps shall be fed from independent switchboards. The diesel engine
driven fire pumps shall act as a standby to the electric driven fire pumps in the event of failure and shall be
complete in all respects including fuel tank and hand operated pump for tank filling. The fuel tank shall be of
carbon steel and be sized to run the diesel pump on load for a period of 24 hours or a minimum of 1.5 m3
whichever is greater.

The pumps shall be automatically started in sequence by the fire pump controller following a fall
in pressure of the fire protection system. All instruments, control devices and cabling shall be included for
complete and secure operation of the system, and shall be in accordance with the relevant requirements of
the specification GEMMS-I&C-31 General I&C Requirements..

A control panel shall be provided for each fire pump and pressure maintaining system to
facilitate maintenance and allow all pumps and compressors to be started both manually and automatically in
sequence for even utilization and only stopped manually. Pump controls and status/alarm indication shall be
duplicated at the master fire control panel located in the CCR.

A pressure maintaining system comprising hydro-pneumatic tanks, electric motor driven jockey
pumps and air compressors shall be provided with a local control panel as described above, to maintain
pressure in the fire fighting water network and avoid unnecessary starting of the main fire pumps.

6.4 Seawater pumping system

Emergency diesel driven seawater pumps shall be provided and located at the seawater intake
structure (see specification GEMSS-M-13 Seawater Intake System and Associated auxiliaries). The pumps
shall be vertical, wet pit turbine type, with diesel engine, gearbox, controller, pressure and flow indicators,
pressure and flow indicators, pressure relief valves and test line etc and all other accessories in accordance
with the requirements of NFPA 20. If during the detailed design stage the Contractor can demonstrate that it
is not possible to obtain UL listed/FM approved fire pumps of the size requested, alternative pump sizes may
be proposed, however the alternative capacity proposed shall match the original requirement and shall be
subject to review and approval by the Company prior to acceptance.

Each pump shall be located in separate intake chambers as shown on conceptual tender
Drawing GESDRW-M-13, to ensure security of supply in the event of loss of one intake screen.

All equipment shall be of weatherproof construction, capable of safe and secure operation under
the extremes of the KSA climate and the coastal location of the plant as per particular power plant location .

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Each pump shall be designed to meet the maximum fire water demand, based on the spray
cooling demand as stated in section 6.3.b above. The Contractor is responsible for calculating and verifying
the pump rated flow and head for the Power Station including future Stages, which shall be to the approval of
the Company. Ultimately the water demand shall be based on the requirements of NFPA.

Each diesel engine shall be provided with a steel fuel tank, which shall be sized to run the diesel
pump on load for a minimum period of 24 hours.

Each tank shall be mounted on an elevated steel support structure to ensure positive head at the
engine fuel pump, with the storage tank and support structure located within a bundwall enclosure. Each
tank shall be equipped with a filling connection located outside the bund wall, drain valve, access manhole,
level indication and high/low level alarm switches. All equipment necessary (eg pumps, piping and valves) to
empty the bund to a road tanker for disposal off-site shall be included.

Each pump discharge shall be provided with a motorized isolating valve, powered by the diesel
engine battery starting system. The valve shall be arranged to open automatically after a pump start. The
pump discharge shall include a suitable pressure relief system, and a test line with valving, metering (venturi
type), etc, in accordance with NFPA 20, to enable periodic flow tests by recirculating water back to the
seawater intake.

Each diesel engine shall be provided with electric battery starting from duplicate Nickel cadmium
batteries and charging equipment located in a weatherproof enclosure. Facility shall be provided to select
either battery to start the diesel engine, and in emergency to connect both batteries in parallel.

A weatherproof local control panel to a minimum of IP65 and complying with NFPA 20 shall be
provided, fully equipped with all controls, alarms and indications necessary for the safe operation of the
diesel fire pumps. The panel shall include a timer, arranged to start and stop the diesel fire pumps at weekly
intervals. The timer shall be adjustable for start, stop and running periods. All necessary interlocks/trips
shall be provided to protect the system operation.

The pumps shall be started manually by dual action emergency push buttons located in the fresh
water pumping station and foam pump houses, and remotely from the master fire panel in the CCR, and the
fire panel in the Foam building.

All alarms shall be relayed to the master fire panel in the CCR and to the fire control panel with
mimics in the Foam building.

A fresh water flushing line shall be connected between the first isolating/non-return valve and the
strainer unit, to ensure that the maximum extent of seawater piping can be flushed, including diesel engine
cooling systems.

6.5 Fire protection water distribution

The fire water distribution network shall be in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 24, and
shall be designed to supply the maximum fire water demand and guarantee flow to all fire fighting systems.
The system shall comprise a series of ring mains arranged in a multi loop configuration covering the whole
site, providing a supply of water to sprinkler and standpipe systems, automatic spray foam and water deluge

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systems, fire hydrants, hose racks and hose reels positioned around the power station site, and the main oil
tank area fire protection systems.

The system shall incorporate section post indicator valves at all junctions so that if one path fails,
other piping paths will be available to supply sufficient water to the required areas.

The water supply for the fire water distribution system shall be remineralized water taken from
the fire fighting water tanks fed from the potable water system. For the fuel oil tank area only, a backup
supply shall be provided from the seawater fire pumps to the fuel oil tank dyke area foam monitor system
and tank cooling spray systems. This emergency back-up system is to be initiated by the operator in the
event of a major fire in the fuel oil tank area, to maintain a supply of (fresh) fire water for other areas of the
plant. In these areas, interconnections shall be provided to facilitate fresh water flushing of pipework and
equipment following the use of the seawater back up system. No seawater shall be allowed to contaminate
the fresh fire water distribution/hydrant system.

The complete fire main distribution network shall be routed above ground (except at road
crossing points where piping with suitable support arrangements shall be installed within trenches. Pipe
anchoring devices shall be provided as required to withstand unbalanced hydraulic forces at all changes of
direction, branches and other points.

At strategic locations around the site, tapping points in the ring main shall be provided to allow
interconnection with the future Stages. Each interconnection shall be complete with isolating valve and
blanking plates. The locations of the valve interconnections shall be finalized during the design phase of the
Contract.

6.6 Automatic and manual water spray deluge system

Each of the following equipment/areas shall be provided with a separate water spray deluge
protection system, all in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 15: -

a. Oil filled transformers, cable floors, tunnels and basements for the complete plant and
buildings.

b. Hydrogen cylinder gas storage areas.

c. Boiler air heaters (automatically activated by a two zone alarm and manually activated
with a one zone alarm) and boiler / HRSG area fire escape stairs (manually activated
sprinklers only).

Each deluge system shall employ open head spray nozzles connected to the fire water supply
via automatic water control valves. A separate fire detection/actuation system shall be installed in the same
area as the nozzles.

With the exception of the boiler air heaters and boiler / HRSG area fire escape stairs, actuation
of the fire detection system shall be automatic by electrical means for indoor facilities and hydraulic means
for outdoors. Manual operation shall also be possible via dual action push buttons and dual action manual
release valves. In the case of manual operation, the valve station shall be located outside of the associated
area of hazard. In such cases, where practicably possible, the operator shall have an unobstructed view of
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the hazard being protected whilst ensuring that the operating station is located in proximity of equipment
being protected.

The detection and alarm system shall be as described in the specification GEMSS-I&C-31 -
General I&C requirements for Control and Instrumentation.

Each deluge station shall typically include: -

i. Manual isolating valves (upstream and downstream).

ii. Deluge valve with electric actuation trim and all required alarm trim.

iii. Flow and pressure switches.

iv. Downstream sectional valve for testing.

v. Spray pipe distribution and supports.

vi. Spray nozzles (open head type).

vii. Dual action manual release valves shall be located in valve boxes and fitted with a wire
or nylon strap to prevent unauthorized operation and located behind the fire walls at a
safe distance.

viii. A common local supervisory control panel shall be located at the valve stations.

6.7 Automatic wet pipe sprinkler and alarm system

A wet pipe sprinkler and alarm system shall be provided for the following, as minimum ( as
applicable per particular scope of work: -

d. Administration building.

e. Mosque.

f. Employees' facility.

g. General maintenance workshops.

h. Warehouse and storage.

i. Fire-station.

j. Plant industrial security building.

k. Maintenance shops (mechanical, electric, I&C).

l. National guard compound.

m. Coast guard compound.

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n. Main gate house.

o. Chlorination plant.

p. Desalination plant.

q. Water treatment plant

r. Laboratories.

s. Gasoline/diesel filling station.

t. Turbine bearings, oil coolers, pumps, purifiers.

u. Fuel oil heating sets.

v. Emergency diesel generators and fuel day tanks.

w. Diesel engines - fire pumps and pump house.

x. Main boiler - burners and ID/FD/GR fans.

y. Auxiliary boiler - burners.

z. Bottle gas storage.

aa. Workshop and stores.

bb. Cable tunnels.

cc. Central lube oil storage and handling facilities.

dd. Cable spreading rooms and cable basements.

ee. Foam pump houses.

The above list of buildings / areas are applicable as per scope of work for the specific project.

The sprinkler systems shall operate on the frangible bulb (closed head) principle and shall detect
an outbreak of fire and distribute water automatically over a predetermined area.

The installation shall be in accordance with NFPA 13, and KSA Fire Department regulations for
sprinkler installations. Alarm valves shall be provided with a retarding chamber.

Operation of each individual sprinkler zone shall initiate an alarm on the fire alarm system
specified in the Control and Instrumentation General Requirements Specification.

Each sprinkler system shall typically include: -

ff. Manual isolating valves.

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gg. Alarm valve.

hh. Wet-pipe alarm check valve with trim.

ii. Retarding chamber.

jj. Flow and pressure switches.

kk. Pipe distribution and support.

ll. Closed head sprinklers with a nominal temperature rating of at least 79C.

6.8 Automatic/remote manual foam/water spray systems

For potential fire hazard areas where lubricating oil or fuel oil is present, fixed foam based fire
protection systems shall be provided, for the following equipment/areas: -

a. Fuel oil pump house and fuel oil drain tanks (via Foam pump house).

b. Fuel oil drain tanks, fuel oil treatment plant , fuel oil unloading station, fuel oil and fuel
gas control, metering and valve stations.

c. Steam turbine area, including: -

i Turbine generator lubricating oil tanks (external), pipework.

ii Turbine lube oil treatment system, including clean and dirty oil tanks and pipework.

iii Generator hydrogen seal oil system.

d. Turbine governor control oil systems.

e. Boiler feed pump lubricating oil systems.

f. Fresh water diesel fuel oil tanks.

g. Diesel generator fuel oil day tanks.

h. Fuel oil metering bank and area for future booster pump station.

i. Marine terminal berthing head and equipment.

j. The design of these systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 11, NFPA 16, and KSA
Fire Department regulations

For the above areas, the foam concentrate shall be aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) type,
capable of a 3 per cent mixture in desalinated water. Water supply shall be taken from the above ground
hydrant distribution network ring main (fresh water) system. The characteristics and efficiency of the foam
shall not be affected by water supply temperatures averaging 48C, with higher temperatures during the
summer months. Foam concentrate shall be guaranteed for a minimum storage life of five years. Foam

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production and distribution shall be either by the balanced or diaphragm pressure proportioning systems,
depending on the type of risk, as following subsections.

All foam concentrate and foam water pipework shall be connected to facilitate both foam
recirculation and the flushing of pipework with fresh water after use.

6.9 Balanced pressure proportioning system

The fuel oil pump house and fuel oil drain pits shall be provided with balanced pressure
proportioning system with aqueous film forming foam (AFFF), stored in foam concentrate storage tank(s).
The capacity of the tank(s) shall be twice the size of the calculated foam charge, and designed in
accordance with ASME unfired Pressure Vessel code and UL/FM approved. The UL/FM approval may be
waived if the Contractor can demonstrate that it is not possible to obtain UL/FM approval. The Contractor
shall justify selection of the balanced pressure proportioning systems for the fire hazard areas as detailed in
section 6.8 above during the design stage of the project. The extent of usage of the balanced pressure
proportioning system will be subject to the review and approval of the Company.

a. Two (2) positive displacement foam concentrate pumps (duty and standby) with
automatic regulating valves shall draw foam and inject into the water supply via foam
proportioners. The foam concentrate tank, pumps and proportioning equipment shall be
located in the Foam Building.

b. The thermal detectors of an approved design, operating on the double knock principle,
located in the fuel oil pump house and drains pits, shall initiate operation of the deluge
valve through the fire alarm panel. Operation of the deluge valve shall start the foam
concentrate pump and open the foam concentrate motor operated isolating valve and all
other valves associated with the system. Local manual push button station shall also be
provided.

The scope shall also include an automatic local control panel to be located in each protected
area, with complete alarm indication/annunciation to the master fire panel located in the CCR. Local and
remote manual release push button stations shall also be provided.

6.10 Diaphragm pressure proportioning system

The boiler and steam turbine/generator areas, fresh water diesel fire pumps and diesel
generator plant (applicable per scope of work) shall each be protected by separate and independent
foam/water spray systems based on AFFF, each comprising a diaphragm type foam concentrate
proportioning tank via an in line injector. The size of the foam tanks shall be suitably sized. The Contractor
shall justify selection of the diaphragm pressure proportioning systems for the fire hazard areas as detailed in
section 6.8 above during the detailed design stage of the project. The extent of usage of the balanced
pressure proportioning system will be subject to the review and approval of the Company.

The scope shall also include an automatic local control panel to be located in each protected
area, with complete alarm indication/annunciation to the master fire panel located in the CCR. Local and
remote manual release push button stations shall also be provided.

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The thermal detectors of an approved design, operating on the double knock principle, located
in each protected area shall initiate through the local fire panel, the operation of the deluge valve and
solenoid/piston operated/electric operated actuator which shall open ball valves on the inlet and outlet and all
other associated valves, to pressurize the bladder and eject foam through the proportioner.

6.11 Remote/manual foam system and water spray cooling system for fuel oil tank area

The fuel oil storage tank area shall be protected with the following remote/manual foam
system/water spray systems: -

a. Fuel tank foam injection system (internal for the HFO and DFO tanks, rim seal for Crude
oil tanks).

b. Tank farm dyked area foam monitor systems.

c. Remote/manual spray water cooling system for the fuel oil tanks.

All systems shall comply with the requirements of NFPA 11, NFPA 16 and KSA Fire Department
regulations, and all generally in accordance with the Tender flow diagram No. GESDRW-M-23 Sheet 1/2, as
a minimum.

All the foam systems for the fuel oil tank area shall be based on a FFFP-film forming
fluoroprotein type foam. All foam concentrate tanks shall be interconnected in a transfer system
arrangement via duplicate (100 per cent each) positive displacement foam concentrate pumps located in the
foam building to allow each tank to be filled or emptied, and to transfer the contents to any other foam
concentrate tank in the respective foam stations. The transfer pumps shall be operated from the control
desk in the Foam Building. The capacity of the transfer pumps shall be subject to Company/ Engineer
approval.

The Contractor shall propose a method of fire detection within the tanks and tank farm area,
which shall include consideration of UV and line (linear heat) type detection.

Water supply for the tank foam injection systems and the tank dyked area foam monitors shall
be taken from the above ground hydrant distribution network ring main (fresh) water system.

For the tank dyked area foam monitors and tank spray cooling systems, the water supply shall
be taken from the fresh fire water distribution main, with a back-up supply from the seawater fire pump
system.

The oil tank foam injection, foam monitors and cooling water spray systems shall be controlled
remotely from a control and monitoring desk with mimic panels provided in the foam building with monitoring
at the master fire and alarms panel located in the CCR. Operation and monitoring of the systems including
initiation of the operation of all system valves, monitoring of the foam systems, etc. shall be from the local
desk in the foam building. Operation of the deluge valve shall start the foam concentrate pump and open the
foam concentrate isolating valve and all other associated valves. Local manual release push button stations
shall also be provided.

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6.12 Tank foam injection system

One foam station shall be provided for the injection of foam into each pair of fuel oil tanks, ie as
indicated in general on the Tender flow diagrams GESDRW-M-23 Sheet 1/2.

The foam concentrate shall be FFFP capable of a 3 per cent mixture in desalinated water. The
foam concentrate shall be provided via a distribution line from the main foam building to the individual valve
stations. Water supply shall be taken from the site hydrant (fresh) water ring main.

The characteristics and efficiency of the foam shall not be affected by water supply temperatures
averaging 48C, with higher temperatures during the summer months.

Each foam station shall comprise concentrate storage tank, positive displacement concentrate
delivery pumps, balance pressure proportioner and all associated pipe work, motor operated valves and
deluge valves.

The foam concentrate storage tank shall be sized to hold twice the calculated foam charge to
protect the largest fuel oil tank in the group as specified. The design and capacity of the foam station and
pumps shall be based on foam concentrate injection rate calculated in accordance with the NFPA codes.

Each foam station shall be located outside the dyked area bund wall, adjacent to the associated
fuel oil tanks being protected.

Foam supplies to each tank shall be separately piped from the associated foam station and each
fuel oil tank shall be provided with foam chamber assemblies mounted at the top of the tank, comprising
foam maker, deflector and foam discharge outlets. Air inlets and associated orifice plates shall be suitably
located in the vertical supply pipework, in order to ensure sufficient entrainment time is available for
satisfactory foam production. The number and capacity of foam chambers shall be calculated in accordance
with NFPA 11.

For the fixed roof tanks, (i.e. distillate fuel oil tanks), the foam chambers shall have a rupture disc
assembly provided on the foam discharge outlet. The disc assembly shall be designed to ensure that the
foam system is not contaminated by oil should an overflow occur.

Tank foam injection systems shall be manual/remote operated from the Foam Building, with
monitoring at the master fire and alarms panel located in the CCR. Duplicate solenoid initiation (double
knock arrangement) of the deluge valves shall be provided. Operation of the deluge valve shall start the
foam concentrate pump and open the foam concentrate isolating valve and all other valves associated with
the system. Local manual release push button stations shall be provided.

6.13 Fuel oil tank farm dyked area foam monitor system

A common foam production station, located in the foam building shall supply foam to the fuel oil
tank dyke monitor systems.

The foam concentrate shall be capable of a 3 per cent mixture in desalinated water or seawater.
Water supply shall be taken from the site hydrant distribution network (fresh) water ring main, with a back-up
supply from the seawater fire pump system via a series of motorized isolating valves and non-return valves,
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to avoid contamination of the fresh water system. Back flushing of the seawater piping by fresh water shall
be a feature of this design.

The characteristics and efficiency of the foam shall not be affected by water supply temperatures
averaging 48C, with higher temperatures during the summer months.

The common foam station shall comprise one concentrate storage tank, positive displacement
concentrate delivery pumps/balance pressure proportioner streams and all associated pipe work, motor
operated valves and deluge valves.

The foam concentrate storage tank shall be sized to hold twice the calculated foam charge to
protect the largest fuel oil tank dyked area. The design and capacity of the foam station and pumps shall be
based on foam concentrate injection rate calculated in accordance with the NFPA codes.

a. Motor operated oscillating type foam monitors complete with pipe work and valves shall
be provided and placed at strategic positions on the bund walls to ensure that all parts of
the dyked walls of the tank farm are covered. The number, design and capacity of
monitor stations shall be in accordance with the NFPA code and KSA Fire Department
requirements. Monitors shall be capable of operating at the fire system pressure and
reaching the top of oil tank from any direction.

b. Monitors shall have horizontal and vertical movement in any combination to give a
complete arc of operation over the bund area with locking facilities to allow manual
operation from any position. Monitors shall be of stainless steel construction and be
provided with motor operated valves.

c. Access platforms (with appropriate shielding for operators), including any platforms and
stair/ladders to bridge pipework in the dyked areas shall be provided as necessary to
facilitate access for operation and maintenance of all monitors, valves and equipment.

The foam monitors shall be capable of both local operation and remote operation from the
control and monitoring desk with mimic panels provided in the foam building, and shall include motor
operated valves to allow any tank dyke foam monitors to be brought into operation and controlled.

6.14 Spray water cooling system for the fuel oil tanks

The fuel oil storage tanks shall be protected by a remote/manual controlled spray water cooling
system. The purpose of the spray system is to apply spray water cooling to the most vulnerable area of the
tank to prevent deformation and collapse of the tank, which could result in a bund spill fire. Each system
shall be complete with deluge valves, distribution and header piping, supports, open head spray nozzles and
all necessary appurtenances for safe and reliable operation. Each system shall include a pair of volt-free
contacts (DPDT type) operated by a pressure switch to indicate operation of the system to the local control
panel.

The design and construction of the cooling system shall comply with the requirements of
NFPA 15 for exposure protection with an application rate of 4.1 l/min/m2 of protected surface in accordance
with the requirements of API 2030. Run off spray water shall not be taken into account in the design of the
cooling system.
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The spray water cooling system shall be designed both for water supplied from the above
ground site hydrant network distribution (fresh) water supply system and for emergency seawater supply;
switch over from fresh to seawater supply shall be at the discretion of the operator or the Fire Department
and all facilities required to effect this switch over shall be incorporated in the design. A facility for fresh
water flushing of the entire spray water pipework back to the seawater fire fighting pumps shall be provided,
for use following initiation of the seawater back-up.

The system provided for each tank shall be divided equally into four hydraulically balanced
quadrant systems, the operation of any one quadrant or combination of quadrants being individually
controlled from a control desk located in the foam building and also from the local manual push buttons at
the tank cooling valve stations. Upon rising demand of fresh water for tank cooling etc. an alarm shall be
raised locally, (ie on the control desk of the foam building) which shall be repeated in the CCR. This alarm
shall require remote manual operation of the seawater fire fighting pumps from the fresh water pumping
station, foam pump houses and the CCR. Local manual push button stations shall also be provided.

Each tank quadrant shall be provided with headers located near the top of the tanks which will
supply branch lines to ensure that all parts of the upper portion of the tank shell that are not in contact with
the liquid contents are covered by the spray. The spray water system shall be designed to apply water via
sprayers on two rings of piping. The first ring shall be located as a minimum 400 mm below the tank rim in
such a position that it does not project excess spray water onto the roof if floating roof storage tanks are
provided. The second ring shall be located 3 metres below the first with both ring locations to take account
of the tank weak seam and the need to protect the shell in the proximity of the fire fighting foam pourers. If
wind girders are located at the top of the tank, spray water cooling nozzles for the lower spray water cooling
ring shall be placed below the girder ring so as to avoid obstruction and under exposure. If the slope of the
fixed roof is greater than 1:16, spray water cooling shall be applied to the top of the roof to cover a distance
of 3 approximately metres inwards from the tank rim. The headers for each tank shall be individually piped
via a motorized control valve located outside the bund wall. The positions of the water control valves shall
be selected with due regard to accessibility for operation during a serious fire. It is required that the position
of the valves shall be behind a firewall and on a header.

6.15 Fixed seawater suppression system

The marine terminal fire monitor tower and access gangway tower on which fire monitors will be
mounted and the area containing the foam compound storage tank together with the distribution pumps shall
be equipped with a cooling water spray system.

Seawater shall be supplied to these systems by the diesel driven seawater fire pumps.

The systems shall be actuated manually. The actuating valve in each case shall be located at
least 25 m from the area or structure being protected.

6.16 Marine terminal and fuel oil unloading facilities (as applicable per scope of work)

The following fixed foam suppression systems shall be provided: -

a. Foam Compound Storage and Distribution System, comprising: -

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b. A storage tank shall be provided for foam compound, which shall be of the multi-
purpose, film-forming, fluoro-protein type.

c. Foam compound supply pumps.

d. Foam injection system with delivery pumps. One foam pump shall normally deliver foam
compound to one tower mounted and one pedestal mounted monitor. Foam pump
delivery pipework shall be arranged so that one pump may deliver foam compound to
either pair of monitors. The pumps shall also be arranged for parallel operation if
required.

e. The foam injector shall be capable of injecting a volume of foam compound into the fire
water line to provide a constant foam compound/fire water ratio at the monitor. The
foam injectors shall be installed at the base of the towers.

f. Fixed foam monitors.

g. Two monitors shall be mounted on towers on the berthing head, one on a free-standing
fire tower, and the other on the gangway tower. Two other monitors shall be mounted
on pedestals located behind the berthing dolphins.

All four monitors shall be provided with full control from two remote consoles in addition
to local manual control.

The fire water and foam compound valves shall have electric actuators with control from
the monitor control console.

h. Foam Spray System, comprising: -

A foam spray system or systems shall be provided to protect the metering bank and
future fuel oil unloading booster pump station. The system(s) shall comprise a foam
storage tank, suitable foam proportioning equipment, a foam/water distribution piping
system and foam discharge devices producing foam in a spray or dispersal pattern over
the area to be protected.

Operation of the foam spray system shall be automatic and shall be activated by heat
detection situated at selected locations within the meter bank area. Activation of the
system shall also be possible by manual operation for which controls shall be located at
a safe distance from the installation, at least 15 m.

6.17 Gas extinguishing systems

Environmentally friendly clean agent gas extinguishing systems (FM200 / NOVEC 1230 gas as
listed in NFPA 2001) shall be provided for automatic total flooding of switchgear rooms, equipment rooms,
control room areas and other areas/equipment as defined below.

Clearly visible signs shall be posted at each area to warn personnel that the particular room/area
is protected by an automatic gas flooding system.

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The type of extinguishing gas shall be subject to Company approval and in compliance with all
environmental and KSA Fire Department requirements.

Typically, the following equipment and areas shall be protected by clean agent fire suppression
systems which are part of the scope of work document. In general, the following equipment and areas shall
be protected by clean agent fire suppression systems: -

a. GIS substation.

b. Switchgear rooms.

c. Excitation rooms.

d. Computer rooms.

e. Equipment rooms.

f. Central control room.

g. Marine terminal control room.

h. Local control rooms.

i. Ash control system.

j. Battery/charger rooms/cubicles.

k. Telemetering room or cubicles.

l. The Contractor shall propose the areas/equipment to be protected in the Tender, for
approval by the Company.

m. The system design shall comply with the requirements of NFPA 2001.

Each flooding or injection system shall typically comprise the following: -

a. Duty/standby (main/reserve) gas cylinders fully charged.

b. Duty/standby changeover switch (manual).

c. Cylinder rack.

d. Cylinder piping manifold, solenoid valves complete with isolating/non-return valves as


necessary.

e. Pressure switch for discharge signal.

f. Pressure switch to alarm leakage of the gas extinguishants.

g. Dual action manual (break glass) push button release and inhibit station.

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h. Automatic/manual/maintenance (off) key selector.

i. Local status/alarm panel with pre-alarm and alarm notification/signals (visual and audible).

j. Discharge nozzles.

k. Local manual pull station installed on pilot gas cylinder.

l. Smoke and temperature detection.

m. The gas cylinder rack shall be located outside the risk area being protected, in a position,
which does not inhibit free access for escape or normal thoroughfare and allows ease of
access for replacement of discharged gas cylinders. The cylinders shall be connected by a
piping network to a series of open nozzles arranged to discharge the gas to the risk area in
the time and concentration as required by NFPA 2001.

n. All pipe diameters, nozzle orifice and final flow rates shall be computer calculated and
subject to Company approval.

o. All pipes shall be galvanized ASTM 106, with forged steel screwed fit. All gas extinguishant
pipe work shall be painted signal red. Gas discharge nozzles shall be stainless steel
construction or as approved by the Company.

p. Initiation of the gas discharge shall be in response to activation of the smoke and
temperature detectors arranged for double knock and cross-zoned, with due consideration
being given to trip signals for actuated dampers and AHUs.

q. The manual release push buttons shall be provided at the doors/access points of the area
protected, and the status/alarm panel shall be close to the protected area, outside the
flooding zone. Clearly visible signs shall be located at each door/access point to warn
personnel that an automatic gas flooding system protects the particular room/area.

r. The Contractor shall conduct air integrity testing on each room etc to prove installation is in
accordance with design and operational requirements.

s. The Contractor shall submit all operating/safety procedures for approval by the Company,
which shall include procedures for evacuation of gas after release and elimination of risk.

6.18 Fire hydrant system

The arrangement of the site fire hydrant system shall provide a Class 1 service in accordance
with the requirements of NFPA 24 and shall generally comprise a above ground sectionalized network
distribution ring main covering the whole site, distribution pipework complete with post indicators, isolating
valves, wash-out valves and valve pits. The distribution network shall provide supply of water to each
standpipe system, automatic spray foam and water deluge system, sprinkler system, fire hydrants positioned
around the power station site and the main oil tank area fire protection systems.

The Contractor shall demonstrate that adequate thrust blocks/anchors will be provided for piping
and hydrants, etc, and all details/calculations shall be to the approval of the Company/ Engineer.

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The water supply for the fire hydrant system shall be desalinated water taken from the fire
fighting water tanks.

Fire hydrants shall be provided alongside the site roadways, around the bunded area of the fuel
oil tanks, along the fuel unloading jetty and on the wharf berthing head.

All fire hydrants shall be installed at a spacing not greater than 60 m in the main plant area, jetty
and berthing head. Fire hydrants shall be constructed from cast iron (150 mm) with two 65 mm globe valve
(BS 336 or equivalent) couplings, cap, chain and a 100 mm connection for fire engine pump suction. Each
fire hydrant shall be provided with an auxiliary valve with curb box. Valves shall be Class 175 lb minimum or
similar cast iron, bronze trimmed, 150 mm non-rising stem gate valve with flanged joint. The valve shall be
key operated with an operating key provided at each outdoor hydrant cabinet. Each item shall include
tamper protection, which is monitored through the fire detection system.

Each fire hydrant and post indicator valve position shall be protected from damage by four
vertical guard rails painted with red and white bands.

Post indicator valves shall be Class 175 lb or similar rating butterfly type and provided at all
branch lines and for sectionalizing portions of the water network and shall meet UL design requirements.
Valves shall have gear operators and fully detailed nameplates.

6.19 Outdoor hose storage cabinets and equipment

The Contractor shall provide one outdoor hose storage cabinet at a maximum spacing of
180 metres, comprising weatherproof steel cabinets complete with a break glass lock mechanism. Each
cabinet, mounted on a concrete foundation shall contain the following equipment, as a minimum: -

a. 4 x 30 m 65 mm hoses.

b. 2 x 30 m 40 mm hoses.

c. adaptors 65 mm 40 mm (with BS couplings).

d. 2 x 65 mm play pipes with 28 mm tip.

e. 2 x 40 mm fog nozzles (with BS couplings).

f. Fire axe, crowbar.

g. Hose and ladder straps, hose gaskets (65, 40 mm).

h. wrenches for fire hydrants.

i. wrenches for post indicator valves.

j. automatic drain valves

Each hose shall be supplied with light alloy instantaneous couplings in accordance with the
requirements of BS 336 or approved equivalent.

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Hose cabinets shall be painted red to an approved procedure and shall be lettered in Arabic and
English FIRE in white block letters.

6.20 Standpipe and hose rack/reel cabinet system

Each building shall be provided with a standpipe system complying with NFPA 14 and designed
to give Class III service routing and recessing shall be to approval of the Company.

The Contractor shall provide a fire hose reel cabinet system in the Administration/CCR building
and hose rack cabinets for each of the other buildings, to include but not limited to the following ( as
applicable per scope of work):

a. Turbine hall building.

b. Auxiliary bays.

c. Boilers / HRSG.

d. Precipitators.

e. FGD absorber tower.

f. Fire station.

g. Coast guard building.

h. Workshop and stores.

i. Warehouse.

j. Laboratories.

k. Electrochlorination plant.

l. RO desalination plant.

m. Demineralization plant.

n. Fire pump house.

o. FO pump house.

p. FO booster pump/station.

q. Emergency diesel generator.

r. Hydrogen generation plant.

s. Chemical storage.

t. Cylinder storage.
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u. Marine terminal control and ancillary buildings.

v. Mosque.

w. Any other building not mentioned.

Final location of fire hose reel/rack cabinets shall be approved by the Company / Engineer.

The fire hose reel cabinet shall be equipped with a 30 metre length of 40 mm diameter double
braded rubber, non collapsible hose mounted on reel drum, which shall be of the swinging arm type. The
hose reel connected to the water supply shall be supplied with 25 mm NB isolating ball valve and 25 mm NB
pressure reducing and adjustable spray/jet nozzle.

Hose racks shall consist of a 30 metre length of 40 mm lined, collapsible, synthetic hose
mounted on a hose rack, which shall be of the swinging arm type. The hose rack shall be connected to the
water supply by a 65/40 mm BS 336 quick coupling adapter. Both hose reels and hose racks shall be
equipped with quick coupling BS 336 type gun metal adjustable jet/spray nozzles.

A single 65 mm automatic pressure regulating valve with female instantaneous coupling


connection shall be provided in each hose rack cabinet to give an output pressure within a range of 4.5 to
6.9 bar at the hose connection. This valve shall be connected separately to the water supply inside the
cabinet and shall be available for the connection of Fire Department hoses even when the hose reel/hose
rack is in use.

The hose reel/hose rack cabinets shall be made from galvanized steel with double glass door
clearly labelled FIRE in Arabic and English and painted red with white lettering to an approved procedure.
Each cabinet shall also accommodate one portable fire extinguisher of the CO2/dry powder type.

6.21 Portable extinguishers

The following hand-held and cart (trolley) mounted types of portable fire extinguisher equipment
complying with NFPA 10 shall be provided and installed at standpipe and hose stations and other key
locations in the buildings and any area normally occupied by personnel. The extinguishers provided at a
particular area shall be suitable for the most likely hazards in that area. Types of fire extinguishers to be
provided shall be as follows: -

a. 50 kg and 10 kg capacity dry powder extinguishers for use against oil fires associated
with electrical equipment. The powder shall be expelled from the extinguisher by
compressed CO2 gas and controlled by a pistol grip nozzle attached to the discharge
hose and provided with trolley where required.

b. 9-10 kg and 5-6 kg capacity CO2 extinguishers for use against fires associated with
electrical equipment. The extinguishers shall be provided with fixed discharge horn and
trigger valve control and trolley where required.

c. 9-10 litre capacity CO2 gas pressure operated water extinguishers for use against
ordinary small fires. The discharge nozzle shall be supplied with flexible hose and the
control shall be such that intermittent control is possible.

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d. 50 litre and 9-10 litre capacity foam extinguishers for use against small oil fires. The
extinguishers shall be pressurized with CO2 gas and provided with trolley where
required.

The number and types of extinguisher per building are to be advised in the Tender, covering all
classifications, and shall be in accordance with the recommendations given in NFPA 10.

All portable fire extinguishers shall be located either in hose cabinets, or on purpose-built
brackets, the cabinets shall be constructed as specified below. The cabinets shall be protected suitable for
the location (indoor/outdoor), painted red and clearly labeled FIRE EXTINGUISHER in white letters, in both
Arabic and English.

6.22 Auxiliary fire equipment

Auxiliary fire equipment cabinets shall be provided at strategic locations around the site, as
indicated below. Each cabinet shall, as a minimum contain the following equipment (as applicable per scope
of work):

a. One self-contained air breathing equipment with an air tank of 30 minutes capacity. Two
spare tanks per mask, full face mask and carrying case.

b. Breathing apparatus service equipment.

c. Hose repair and drying equipment.

d. Protective uniforms/firemans suit.

e. Aluminized bunker clothing.

f. Storable type stretcher with mounting brackets.

g. Glass wool/wool fire blankets.

h. Fire axe.

i. Miscellaneous equipment (firemans tools, safety lines, ladder, lanterns with spare
batteries etc.)

j. One large fire department type first aid kit.

k. 20 litre portable containers of 3 per cent foam liquid with eductor nozzles and extender
applicators for use in conjunction with fire hydrant system.

Extinguisher maintenance and refilling equipment to service and replenish the portable
extinguishers (minimum of two) shall be provided and situated in the fire station. The extinguisher
maintenance and refilling equipment shall be housed in containers in accordance with the manufacturers
recommendations and shall be UL listed and/or FM approved.

All additional equipment as necessary to comply with KSA Fire Department regulations shall be
provided.
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Auxiliary equipment shall be located in the purpose-built cabinets, constructed in heavy gauge,
galvanized sheet steel with hinged, lockable glass fronted doors. The cabinets shall be protected, suitable
for the location (indoor/outdoor), painted red and clearly labeled FIRE EQUIPMENT in white letters, in both
Arabic and English.

Six keys shall be provided for each cabinet, one key for each cabinet being mounted in a
separate small break glass fronted box suitable for mounting adjacent to the storage cabinets.

Unless specified otherwise, as a minimum, one cabinet shall be provided for each of the
following buildings/areas:

a. Turbine hall building(1 No. each end).

b. Boiler / HRSG area (1 No. each end).

c. Water Treatment Plant building.

d. Electrochlorination plant building.

e. Foam building.

f. Fire fighting building.

g. Fuel oil pump house.

h. Diesel generator building.

i. Chemical storage area (2 No).

j. Any other building not mentioned.

Final locations of auxiliary equipment cabinets shall be to Company approval.

6.23 Fire-fighting vehicles (as applicable per scope of work)

The following vehicles will be located in the fire station to service both the power plant and the
accommodation buildings:

a. One 4 x 4 fully equipped fire tender with the following features: -

b. Diesel engine, automatic transmission, power steering, power (air) brakes, right-hand
drive, crew compartment and tow bar.

c. 4 m3 water tank (or maximum size available).

d. 285 m3/h water pump.

e. Foam inductor unit including emulsifier storage tank and roof-mounted foam cannon.

f. Deluge gun (truck and ground mounting).


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g. 750 m of 2-1/2 inch fire hose and fittings*.

h. 600 m of 1-1/2 inch fire hose and fittings*.

i. Equipment storage space with all standard equipment, tools and accessories.

j. The vehicle shall comply with Saudi Arabian government regulations as applicable for
highway vehicles and NFPA standards.

k. Each fully loaded vehicle shall have sufficient power to climb a road slope of 1 in 4 from
a standing start and to attain a speed of 80 km/h on level road.

l. Flashing warning beacons.

m. Two-tone warning siren.

n. Vehicle mounted searchlight, 150 watt quartz bulb (280 mm diameter reflection) or
nearest standard.

*Bidder to advise maximum stowable on truck; balance to be supplied loose.

o. One 4 x 4 fully equipped auxiliary tender including rescue equipment and with tow bar.

p. One pick-up for servicing fire extinguishers.

q. One fire command vehicle.

6.24 Piping, valves, actuators, hangers and supports

For the above ground fresh water distribution system, piping shall be ASTM A106 GrB
seamless carbon steel or approved equivalent, galvanized and painted signal red with colour banding to
identify the pipe contents (fresh water). For above ground seawater systems, pipework shall be constructed
of carbon steel ASTM A106 GrB, rubber lined internally and externally painted signal red with colour banding
to identify the pipe contents (seawater).

The above ground valve stations at each building/facility connected with the fire network
distribution main shall include an isolating valve, non-return valve, strainer, breech inlet connection, pressure
gauges, etc. The breeching inlet connections shall be 4-point for plant areas and 2-point for buildings; all
65 mm diameter. All drains shall be connected to the nearest drain pit.

Piping to the tank farm and inside the dyke areas for foam monitors, inductors, spray water
cooling, etc shall be located above ground on pipe sleepers with adequate number of cross-over platforms
complete with handrails for ease of access. Any road crossings shall be in pipe trenches.

All piping, valves, hangers and supports shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 14. Pipe
bending shall not be used as a substitute for fittings.

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6.25 Facility for connection to future units

All fire water (freshwater and seawater) and foam distribution systems shall include all
necessary connections to facilitate connection to the future units and ancillary plant areas to be installed for
future Stages. Each connection shall include an isolating valve with blank flanged connection. The details
and locations shall be subject to approval by the Company/ Engineer before execution.

7.0 MISCELLANEOUS REQUIREMENTS

7.1 Instrumentation and Control System

The general instrumentation and control requirements for the fire detection and protection
systems shall be in accordance with this specification and the separate Instrumentation and Control
Specifications, including DCS monitoring.

All local panels shall be provided with the necessary alarms and indications to show the status of
the fire protection system. This shall include, but not be limited to, the following as applicable to the
individual panel:

a. Fire pump running

b. Fire pump trip

c. Fire pump fail to start

d. Diesel tank fuel level low

e. Fire water tank level low

f. Foam tank level low

g. Jockey pump running

h. Jockey pump trip

i. Jockey pump fail to start

j. Hydro-pneumatic tank pressure low

k. Air compressor running

l. Air compressor trip

m. Air compressor fail to start

n. Foam tank level low

o. Gas storage pressure low

p. Status of valves positions as required

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q. Initiation of alarms by high/low level switches or system malfunction

r. Initiation and malfunction of foam systems, spray deluge systems and gas extinguishing
systems.

The extent of control indication and alarms shown on the panel shall be subject to approval by
the Company. Monitoring of the fire detection and protection systems shall be provided at the master
(mimic) fire panel in the CCR.

7.2 Electrical System

Detailed of electrical equipment are in relevant Electrical Section of the Specificaitons defined
elsewhere in separate Electrical Specification.

7.3 Field Quality Control

The CONTRACTOR shall submit for approval a comprehensive quality control plan covering the
erection, flushing, hydro testing, testing, cleaning, blowing and commissioning activities . This document
shall identify the degree of inspection and testing to be carried out by the CONTRACTORs personnel.

The CONTRACTOR shall permit access to the equipment to verify that the manufacturers
recommended clearances are set. Drawings clearly identifying such dimensions shall be available to the
COMPANY and/or the ENGINEER.

7.3.1 Sequence of Testing & Commissioning

Testing, Commissioning & Start up activities shall be undertaken by the CONTRACTOR in


coordination and with the participation of the COMPANY/ENGINEER.

All necessary tests including functional tests shall be conducted by the CONTRACTOR in
coordination and with the participation of the COMPANY/ENGINEER in accordance with the agreed Test
protocol.

Performance Tests of the system shall be carried out to establish the system performance at site
conditions as stipulated in the agreed Test protocol and the Contract.

Field Quality Control shall be managed in accordance with specification GEMSS-G-03 Factory
Inspection and testing, Testing Start-up and Commissioning GEMSS-G-04 and specification GEMSS-G-05 -
Quality Control and Quality Assurance.

Field Quality Control shall be managed in accordance with specification GEMSS-G-03 Factory
Inspection and Testing, Testing Start-up and Commissioning GEMSS-G-04 and specification GEMSS-G-05 -
Quality Control and Quality Assurance.

8.0 TECHNICAL SCHEDULES/ DATA SHEETS

Technical Schedules and data sheets shall be completed and submitted along with the proposal
for COMPANY / Engineer review. (Please refer to Volume 2 )
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