by Jacques Paulon
diameter 0.465 m t t t t t
Number of rotor blades 46
Height of the blades 0.009 m 1a) Step throttle area variation
Blade relative outlet angle 40
Electric
Number of stator blades 50
motor
Corn Axial length of compressor 0.120 m
Rotating disk
pressor Speed of rotation 3000 to 6000 rpm
Fixed disk
Maximum mass flow 2 kg/sec Peripheral
Maximum power 30 kW OD^ gap
Maximum axial velocity 120 m/sec
Modulator
In configuration (ii) an area modulator was used Fig. 1 Schematic view of the test compressor.
instead of the punctured membrane (fig. 1b). This
modulator was made of two identical disks, one of
them fixed, the other, driven by a small variable (i) Step variation of outlet area (fig. 1a)
speed electric motor, rotating at a fixed speed. Both Wall static pressure measurements were made in
disks have a great number (1632 or 64) triangular the three following stations
openings, the maximum passage area being close to (1) upstream of the rotor
half of the duct area. A frequency range between 80 (2) downstream of the stator
and 1200 Hz was covered. (3) at the outlet of the diffuser channel,
slightly upstream of its end section.
To avoid compressor stall in the case of a
completely closed valve operation, a peripheral gap The transient total pressure at the entrance of
was also used in this configuration. In both cases the inlet duct was also measured by means of a Kulite
(i) and (ii) the timewise area variation was small equipped Pitot tube.
compared to the area of the pheripheral gap.
(ii) Modulation of the outlet area (fig. 1b).
3. DATA ACQUISITION AND DATA REDUCTION
Wall static pressure measurements were made in
Transient wall pressure transducers (Kulite) were stations (1) and (2) only. The total pressure at the
used in both configurations. The following entrance of the inlet duct was measured in this case
measurements were made : also.
Pressure
1  Inlet to rotor
2  Outlet from stator
3 End section of outlet duct
P ty  Total inlet pressure
2 1  Inlet to rotor
2  Outlet from stator
0
Modulation frequency : 1173
1  Inlet to rotor
2 2  Outlet from stator
11 , o)f^<^xo) (3a)
The pressure rise through a subsonic compressor is dt dP,
function of inlet conditions. There exists therefore
a transfer function that gives one of the pressures on the timelaq ., lie 
(
1^ /
e Oaf
(^^(t^^Ie(to^)it
at/
(1)
^`^ dP
= dP e
(4) _ c` e P t 8(t) y2 (to)) cL t axial velocity, tend both towards zero as4increases,
to and do not reflect the asymptotic behavior of the
experimental results.
where to is the time when pressure starts to decay in A more sophisticated way to search for a transfer
station (2). An accurate value of to is easily function is therefore necessary.
obtained.
Since it was verified that the flow through the
Nondimensional parameterdvaries as t 1 and, for compressor is nearly onedimensional, the momentum
any regular function,d infinity corresponds to time and mass flow equations can be written as
t o andd 0 to an infinite time, but no other
correspondence exists between time t and parameter 4. aXf fVz av + aP _
f
at aZ Paz
Figure 3 gives an example of variation of 't(1)
and 'i (4) as well as that of (5)
t Vz. all Vz O
pat Pa y az aZ
N ^A
This function is the LAPLACE transform of where f/,( is for the body force at abscissa z.
the transfer function F/e , that according to the
wellknown integral relations of the LAPLACE If only small perturbations are considered, and if
transformation (9). nondimensional abscissa and time
where dashes indicate small perturbations. obtained from experimental values of /i.f and /7,2 with
the theoretical one deduced from the simple delay law
The steady state value of r' is obtained by
setting to zero the time derivatives
1 e'J/il +M Fen
Fx/^  rf
201 ,00
(9)
j/ ^ /) a VZ II F, e / 1/ M

2 `I 0.^ S 125
0 05 , i5 2 25
Non d,mcns,onal LAPLACE PARAMETER
which emphazises two facts Fig. 3 Step throttle area variation. Laplace transforms
of upstream and downstream pressures and of the
(1)  F/.f increases exponentialy asdbecomes transfer function F2 f =p2/PT.
infinite, and this is verified by experimental
evidence, 80 ,1 , LAPLACE transform
of transfer function
0
s
0.5 1 is 2 25
Non dimensional LAPLACEparameter
aVZ (M 4Q l 0 (10)
Fig. 4 Step throttle area variation. Comparison of theoretical and
experimental transfer functions.
h
/^ /l N)> ^^ e (13)
t^ 2 I Mt^tccn^
( L/ / e
(11)