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# SYDE 351 - SYSTEMS MODELS

Course Outline

## In this course you will learn:

a) The principles for forming mathematical models of all engineering systems and
b) The formulation and solution methods needed to find their responses with respect to realistic
excitations.

The course notes: Engineering Systems Modelling, Analysis and Design by M. Chandrashekar and
G.J. Savage have been specially prepared and updated for engineering at Waterloo. We will cover the first
nine chapters completely, and parts of Chapters 10 and 11 and thus we will cover approximately a chapter
per week. The course builds on almost all of the core courses you have taken- e.g. Physics, Statics and
Dynamics and Linear Algebra and Matrices. The computer algebra language Maple helps us compute
with matrices in a routine fashion and allows us to solve practical problems. I have included an Appendix
D in the course notes to give some indication of how to use Maple for the types of analysis required in the
course. Further, a tutorial on Maple will be provided early in the term.

You should read all of the assigned chapters, and attempt all problems in the course notes. Solutions for
most problems are available under the title Solutions Manual for SYDE 351.

Grading

1. There will be two graded computer projects (Early January and Early February) worth 5% each.
2. There will be a mid-term exam worth 40%.
3. The final exam is worth 50% and to pass the course you must pass the final exam.

Tutorials

The tutorials are an important component of this course: all students must attend these.

Teaching Assistants

## Charbel Azzi: cazzi@uwaterloo.ca

Omar Elali: oelali@uwaterloo.ca
2

## WEEKLY SCHEDULE -placing equations into matrix

formats
Week 1: Introduction -Formulations
-Computer Solutions with Maple
- Why Model: Analysis and Design
- Model Types
- Classification of systems
-linear/non-linear
-lumper-parameter/distributed Week 8: Techniques for Analytical Solutions
-time invariant/time varying
-Deterministic/uncertain - Application of Laplace Transform
- Computers and models - Terminal equations and initial
- Mathematical preliminaries conditions
-differential equations - Transfer functions
-matrices - System model and block diagrams
-transforms
-series Week 9 : Analytical Solutions (s-domain)

## Weeks 2/3: Linear Graph-Theory - Preliminaries

Essentials and the Interconnection Model - Meaning of complete solution
- Steady state (SS) and transient
- The operational approach solutions (TR)
- Oriented linear graphs - Contributions of initial conditions
- Matrix representations - Step and impulse response (SS
-Postulate 1 (cut set postulate) and TR)
-Postulate 2 (circuit postulate) - Sinusoidal response (SS)
- Fundamental cut set equations
- Fundamental circuit equations Week 10 : State Equations (Formulations)
- Orthogonality and Conservation of
energy - State concepts and examples from
general systems
Weeks 4 / 5: Component Modelling - State equations
-formulation tree
- Laboratory characteriztion -symbolic formulation
-Postulate 3 (Independent of -degeneracy in systems
interconnection) - Output equations
-2-T and n-T components
-Postulate 4 (n-p terminal Week 11/12: Solution of State Equations
equations)
- Terminal equations - Analytical solutions
-sources - Time domain solutions
-dissipative
-storage
-transformers and transducers
-amplifiers
- Examples from several disciplines

Equation counts