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Teknologi Herbal

Dewi Tristantini PhD.


Definisi
Technology is the making, modification, usage,
and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques,
systems in order to solve a problem, improve a
preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal
or perform a specific function.
Herbs are any plants " including fruits,
leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, resin, root bark,
inner bark, and other portions of the plant as
used in herbs medicine.
Herbs Technology (Teknologi herbal)
is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of
herbs that can be used to maintain healthiness, food
supplements as well as treat human diseases.

Tujuan Mata Kuliah Teknologi Herbal :


Mengenal tanaman herbal, mempelajari
cara memproses dan menggunakannya
untuk menjaga kesehatan dan mengobati
penyakit (Mengenal Phytochemical).
Silabus Teknologi Herbal
Mata Kuliah Teknologi Herbal meliputi:
1. Pengenalan, perkembangan dan penggunaan bahan alam
(herbal) sebagai bahan obat
2. Keanekaragaman bahan obat herbal dan kandungan zat
aktifnya,
3. Identifikasi dan karakterisasi sifat fisika, kimia dan
biologi bahan herbal
4. Pengenalan teknik pemisahan dan purifikasi herbal
5. Pengujian khasiat bahan herbal dan toksikologinya,
6. Formulasi sediaan obat
7. Studi kasus: penggunaan herbal dalam pengobatan.
Penilaian:
1. UTS, Quiz, Test class, UAS
2. Assignment (review artikel, ringkasan)
3. Proyek (produk, presentasi, makalah)
4. Kunjungan pabrik

Referensi (Pustaka Acuan):


Prescription for Nutritional Healing 4th ed., by Phylis A Balch, CNC.
Medicinal Plants of The World, by Ben-Erik van Wyk, Michael Wink.
Atlas Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia jilid 1 sd 6, oleh dr. Setiawan Dalimarta.
Peraturan:
1. Kehadiran minimal 75%
2. Hadir tepat waktu, terlambat maksimum
15menit (ada test class utk tambahan nilai)
3. Bertingkah laku sopan di dalam kelas (contoh
tidak sopan: satu kaki dinaikkan ke kaki yang
lain shg sepatu sejajar dgn kursi)
4. Tidak boleh menggunakan HP dan dilarang
menggunakan sendal di dalam kelas
5. Tidak boleh makan di dalam kelas.
Meluasnya akses informasi obat bahan alam
di seluruh dunia

Back to Nature

Perubahan Lingkungan
Pola Hidup Manusia (Way of Life)
Pola Penyakit dan Efek Samping Obat
Promotif
Preventif
ZAT AKTIF Curatif
Rehabilitatif

TANAMAN

KOSMETIK Cara GIZI


sederhana Pangan
Kecantikan

Ekstrak + vit/mineral.
+asam amino dlsb.
OBAT

SUPLEMEN. MAKANAN
OBAT TRADISIONAL
ORAL Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greek,
TRANMISSION Ajurvedic dll. (3000-600 BC)

Asia, India, Oriental (China, Japan, Tibet)

Writing

Egyptian Papyrus Ebers 1600 BC

Baked clay tablets(some cunelform tablets, 650 BC from


Ashurbanipals library at Nineveh, now in British Museum,
refer to drugs well-known to day), LONDON PHARMACOPEA
1618, Sir Hans SloanH 1721.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANT TEXT 400 BC


The Herbal Treatment of Diseases
Phytotherapy (Herbal
medicine), the natural
therapies, by contrast,
aims not to cure disease
by a technological fix.
The nature in totality, is the
expression of a universal
harmony and equilibrium
the rupture of which gives
rise to numerous ill effects.
Wellness
Self healing.
The Human body is
the greatest machine
in the earth.
The body is two
thirds- water.
The Micronutrients:
Vitamins and
Minerals.
Phytochemicals
No magic, diets high in fruits,
grains, legumes reduce the
risk of a number of diseases,
including cancer, diabetes,
high blood pressure.
Phytochemicals are the
biologically active substances
in plants that are responsible
for giving them color, flavor
and natural disease
resistance.
Medicinal Herbs
The Whole better than part.
Powerful ingredients.
Only 15% of estimated plant
species on earth have been
investigated for possible
Medicinal uses.
The WHO estimates that 80%
of the earth population today
depends on plants to treat
common ailments.
Traditional Healers are good
resources for scientific based
research.
13
How would you advise?
More than 95 % of the
population in the least
developing countries use
herbs for health and other
purposes.
More than one third of
Americans and Europeans
use herbs for health
purposes, spending over
7.0 billion US$ annually.
More than 25 % of modern
pharmaceutical drugs have
botanical origins.
Philosophy-The Germ theory of Disease:
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) was first who see
bacteria/microbe.
Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) was the founder of the Germ
Theory of Disease.
Micro organism enter the body in number of ways.
Specific diseases are caused by specific micro- organism.
Natural immunity is an inherited resistance to infection.
Tugas 1
1. Diskusi Kelompok :
a. Carilah satu tanaman bahan obat (herbal) di lingkungan Saudara, Sebutkan bagian2
tanaman yang berkhasiat dan efek farmakologi nya.
b. Bawa ke kampus (dalam pot) tanaman (hidup) tersebut.
Sebutkan cara memproses (sederhana) penggunaan tanaman tersebut.

2. Membuat tulisan tentang khasiat bumbu dapur untuk kesehatan dalam 200 kata
untuk artikel di majalah anak Best.
Mengenal bumbu dapur dan khasiatnya seperti
Bawang merah, bawang putih, kemiri, jahe, kunyit dst.. Tidak boleh ada yang sama.