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Structural

Analysis
R. C. Hibbeler
6th Edition
in SI Units

Teaching Slides
Chapter 2
Analysis of Statically
Determinate Structures

1
Outline
Idealized Structure
Idealized support

Idealized structural element

Idealized load

Principle of Superposition
Equations of Equilibrium
Determinacy & Stability
Application of the Equations of Equilibrium

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2-1 Idealized Structure
To develop the ability to model or idealize a
structure so that the structural engineer can
perform a practical force analysis of the
members

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2-1 Idealized Structure: Idealized
support
Support Connections
Pin connection (allows some freedom for
slight rotation)
Roller support (allows some freedom for
slight rotation)
Fixed joint (allows no relative rotation)

E.g. are shown in Fig 2.1 & 2.2

Idealized models used in structural


analysis are shown in Fig 2.3
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2-1 Idealized Structure
Fig 2.1 & 2.2 & 2.3

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2-1 Idealized Structure
Fig 2.1 & 2.2 & 2.3

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2-1 Idealized Structure
Support Connections
In reality, all connections exhibit some
stiffness toward joint rotations owing to
friction & material behavior
A more appropriate model for a support or
joint might be that shown in Fig 2.3 (c)
If k = 0 the joint is pin and -> , the joint is
fixed

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2-1 Idealized Structure
Support Connections
When selecting the model for each
support, the engineer must be aware
how the assumptions will affect the
actual performance
The assumptions must be reasonable
for the structural design
The analysis of the loadings should give
results that closely approximate the
actual loadings
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2-1 Idealized Structure
Fig 2.1 & 2.2 & 2.3

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2-1 Idealized Structure
IDEALIZED SUPPORT Connections and
Reactions
Common types of connections on coplanar
structures are given in Table 2.1
In reality, all supports actually exert
distributed surface loads on their
contacting members
The concentrated forces & moments
shown in Table 2.1 represents the
resultants of these loads distributions
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2-1 Idealized Structure
Table 2.1

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2-1 Idealized Structure
Idealized Structure
Consider the jib crane & trolley in Fig 2.5(a)

For analysis, we neglect the thickness of


the 2 main member & will assume that the
joint at B is fabricated to be rigid
The support at A can be modeled as a
fixed support
Details of trolley can be excluded

The members of the idealized structure is


shown in Fig 2.5(b)
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2-1 Idealized Structure
Idealized Structure
Fig 2.5

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2-1 Idealized Structure
IDEALIZED Structural Elements
Consider the framing
used to support a typical
floor slab in a building
as shown in Fig 2.6(a)

The slab is supported by floor joists located


at even intervals
These are in turn supported by 2 side
girders AB & CD
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