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{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

aplZv Cukm

{XotbIXzw
Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

NICHE PUBLICATIONS
P.B No: 832, Poothole, Thrissur - 4.

3
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

Malayalam | Study | Thriyekatwam Chila Nirnayaka Velippeduthalukal


{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
Author: Muhammad Eesa | First Edition: February 2016
Price: $. 35.00
Free Distribution only

Publishers | Distribution:
Niche Publications | P.B. No:832 | Poothole | Thrissur-4 | Kerala | India
www.nicheoftruth.org | Email: dawa@nicheoftruth.org
Cover: Niche Graphics | Layout: Safeer Rahman

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{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

Cu- tem-In-s\m-cp- {kjvS- m-hp-v Po-h- \-In-


hmbp-hpw- shhpw- ku-Icy-sSp-n- `q-an-sb Po-hnX-
tbmKy-am-n-b ]caIm-cp-Wn-I\m-b {kjvS- m-h-v \mw- Chn-
-sS Fs\ Po-hn-Wsapw- Cu- Po-hn-Xn-s
]cae-yw- Fspw- Zq-Xm- ap-tJ\ {kjvS- m-h-v \s
]Tnn--p.- \p-sS Po-hn-Xn-s IWv- acW-tijw-
\mw- {kjvS- m-hn-s ap-n- t_m-[n-n-tn-hcpw.- Av-
]p-Wyw- sNbv-Xh\v- kzKhpw- ]m-]w- sNbv-Xh\v- \c-
Ihpw- {]Xn-^ew- In-pw.- AXn-\m- {kjv-Sm-hv- Xs Zq-
Xcn-eq-sS \-In-b \n-tZia\pkcn-v- Po-hn-p-Ibm-Wv-
a\p-jy-s cm-am-Kw.-

\p-sS tem-I {kjv-Sm-hv- \-In-b \n-tZi kw-ln-


XbmWv- Izp-B.- ap-lZv- \_nbn-eq-sS Ah- B
ktiw- a\p-jy-sn-p-sIm-Sp-p.- CXdn-h - cpw-
Adn-bm-hcpw- \ap-n-Sbn- Dv.- tem-Isc ap-gp-h-
{kjvS- m-hn-s ktiadn-bn-- AXdn-hcp-sS _m-
[y-Xbm-Wv.- AXn\m-bn- cq-]o-Ir-Xam-b Hcp- IqmbvabmWv
\n-v- Hm-^v- {Sqv.

Am-lpth,- \ns kXyaX kti {]N-c-W-


n\p thn-bp Cu Ffnb {iaw R-fn \nv
kzoI-cn-t-W-ta, Zp_-e-amb RfpsS Ic-v
\o in ]I-tc-W-ta.... (Bao).

5
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

]ca-Im-cp-Wn-I\m-b Am-lp-hn-s
\m-a-n ...

Pohn-Xw ap-gp-h G-I-ssZ-h hn-izm-k-n \n-e-


sIm--W-sa-v B-{K-ln-p--h-cm-Wv ss{I-kv-X-h hn-
izm-kn-I. G-I-ssZ-h hn-izm-k-n \n-pw hy-Xn-N-
enp-t]m-bm-ep- A-]-I-Shpw A-h-v \-m-bn A-dn-
bmw.
F-m ssZ-h-hn-izm-k k--]-n aq-v B-f-
-ap- {Xn-tbI ssZ-h hn-izm-ka - m-Wv {In-kX
v- ym-\n-I
sh-p-]p-e-p-Xv. km-[m-c-W-m-cp-sS hn-izm-kw C-
Xv G-I-ssZh k--]-am-sW-mWv.
{XntbI ssZ-h hn-izm-k - n-s bm-YmYyw ]Tn-p
a-\-n-em-m ]-e-tmgpw km-[m-c-W-m-v A-hk-
cw e-`n-m-dn. ssZ-h-im-kv-{X ]-n-X-m A-h-X-cn-
n- {Xntb-I hn-izm-kw km-[m-c-W-mc-\v a-\-n-em-
Ip- cq-]-n F-m A-h-cp-sS B-i-b--fn am-
wh-cm-sX e-fn-Xa
- m-bn A-hX
- c- n-n-p-Ib- m-Wv Cu e-Lp-
Ir-Xn-bn-eqsS. A-Xv F-{X-am-{Xw G-I-ssZ-h-hn-izm-k-hp-
am-bn s]m-cp--s-Sp-p-sh-Xv hm-b-\-bn-eq-sS a-\-n-
em-m-hp-X - mWv.
A-Sn-m-\ hn-izm-k-s]-n N- sN-p- Cu
]p-kvX-Iw km-[m-c-W-mc-\v t]mepw e-fn-X-am-bn a-\-
n-em-m ]-cym-]v-X-am-sW--Xv C-Xn-s {]-tXy-I-X-
bmWv. I-e-]nm- G-I-ssZ-h hn-izm-k-n-eq-sS Po-
6
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
hn-Xw \-bn-m \m-Y A-\p-{K-ln--s. (Bao).
kvJ
- e- n-X
- {i-b
- n-s-m Nq-n-m-Wn-t- W
F- A-t]--n-pp. Cu Ir-Xn-bp-sS {]-km[-\w G-s-
Sp- \n-v ]-n-t-j-t\m-Sp- Ir-X--X tc-J-s-Sp-
p-p. \m-Ym C-sXm-cp k-I-aa - m-bn kzo-Ic
- n-t-Wta.
C-Xn-\p ]n-n {]-h-n-h
- c
- pv, Fm-ht- cbpw \o kz-
Kw \-In A-\p-{K-ln-t-W-ta. (Bao).

ap-l-Zv Cuk
s]cp-m-hq

7
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

1
ssZhw Hv am{Xw

{kjvSmhpw ]cn]meI\pamb ssZhw Hcph\mWv. Ah-


\msX asmcp ssZhw C. CXmbncpp apgph {]hm-NI-
mcpsSbpw ImXemb ktiw. tamsi {]hmNI\v \-I
- s
-
\ymb{]amWnse Hmasbpw cmasbpw I-
\I {inpI.
Rm\msX asmcp ssZhw \nv DmIcpXv. ao-sX
BImintem, Xmsg `qanbntem, Iosg shffntem bm-
sXm-nsbpw {]Xna DmpItbm Ahsb Bcm-[n-p-I-
tbm sNcpXv. (]pd. 20:3,4)
Cu apJy I-\sb ewLnphsc Fp sNW-sa-
pw tamsi {]hmNI\v \nbaw \Isncpp.
\otbm \ns ]nXmmtcm Adnnnm A\y-ssZ-
hsf \mw sNp tkhn Fp \ns AbpsS aI\m-
b \ns ktlmZct\m \ns aIt\m aItfm \ns amhn-
Snepff `mcytbm \ns {]mW kvt\lnXt\m cl-ky-ambn
]dp \ns hioIcnm t\mnbm Aht\mSp tbmPn-
tbm Ahs hmp tIpItbm sNcpXv. Ah-t\m-Sp
8
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
I\n-hp tXmpItbm Aht\mSp anp Ahs\ Hgnntbm
sNmsX Ahs\ sImpIftbWw. Ahs\ sImtXn\p
BZyw \ns Ipw ]ns khP\ns Ipw Ahsta
sNtWw. ASnahoSmb an{kbow tZip \np \ns sIm-
p h \ns ssZhamb btlmhtbmSp \ns AI-n-
fbm Ah At\zjnXpsImp Ahs\ Isdnp
sIm-tWw. C\n \nfpsS CSbn Cu Acp-Xm Imcy
\SmXncnm Xhw bn{kmtbsemw tIp `b-s-tS-
Ww. (Bh. 13:611)
\n Adnnnm A\yssZhsf \mw sNp
tkhntWsap ]dbp \oNm \nfpsS CSbn \n-
p ]pdsp XfpsS ]Wnse \nhmknIsf hio-Icn-
n-cnpp Fp \ns ssZhamb btlmh \n\p ]mm
Xnpff \ns ]Wfn Hns\pdnp tIm \o
\hw At\zjWhpw ]cntim[\bpw hnkvXmchpw \n--
bhpw Fn \o B ]Wnse hmfns hmbv--e-bm
sIm-p AXpw AXnepffXp Hsbpw AXnse arK-sfbpw
hmfns hmbvebm i]YmnXambn kwl-cn-tWw.
AXnse sImffsbmsbpw hoYnbpsS \Sphn Iqn ]Whpw
AXnse sImffsbmsbpw Atijw \ns ssZhamb btlm-
shmbn Xobnp NpIftbWw; AXp Fpw ]mgv-Ip-m-bn-
cntWw AXns\ ]ns ]WnIbpacpXv. (Bh-\w. 13:12-
17)
]t, Chv ssZhw GI\mWv Fv ]dXv th-
hn[w a\nembn FmWv Ctm ss{IkvXh ]n-X-
m ]dbpXv. As\sbn- Adnhnm hnj-bn
hn[n Iev]nm blqZsc ssZhw \nbanXv `oaamb A-
_amsWv IqSnbmWv Ch ]dbpXv. blq-Z-cpsS GI-
ssZ-h hnizmkpw ss{IkvXhcpsS {XotbI hnizmkhpw
9
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
Xnep AcamWv Cs\sbms ]dbphm
ss{IkvXh ]nXsc t{]cnnpXmWv hmkvXhw.
ssZhw Htbpffpshv tbip{InkvXp
\ymb{]amWn ]mnXyw t\Snb \h\mb Hcp
blqZ\pw tbip{InkvXphpw Xn \Snb kw`mjWw am-
tmkv kphntijI Cs\ tcJsSppp. s]mXp-
P\fpambn N sNth tbip{InkvXp \Ip adp]-
SnI aX]cambn DaamsWv hnebncpnb Ctlw
tbiphnt\mSv tNmZnp.
Fmnepw apJyamb I\ GXv?
AXn\v tbip Dcw ]dp. Ghpw {][m\s
I\ CXmWv. Atbm, bn{ktbte, tIpI, \psS
ssZhamb Imhv GI Imhv; \ns ssZhamb Im-
hns\ ]qW lrZbtmSpw ]qW BmthmSpw ]qW
intbmsSbpw ]qW a\-tmSpw kvt\lnWw. cma-
tXv, \ns Abmcs\ \ns t]mse Xs kvt\ln-
Ww FXmWv. Chtbm henb Iev]\ thsdbn.
Abm tbiphnt\mSv: Kptcm Av ]dXv icnXs;
ssZhw GIs\pw AhnSpmsX amcpanspw Av
]dXv icnXs.
tbip{InkvXphns Aym]\w Xm\psSp ssZ-hs
Ipdnmbncpsn- Atlw Cs\ ]dbW-ambncpp.
bn{ktbte, tIpI, \nfpsS ssZhamb R GI
ImhmIpp.
Fm tNmZyImhnsbpw Xsbpw ssZhw Xm-
\psSm asmcp GI\mb ssZhamsWv bmsXmcp
AYibvpw ]gpXnmsX tbip hyamn. CXv {Kln
thZ]nX ssZhw GIs\pw AhnSpmsX am-cp-
10
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
anspw D AbpsS adp]Sn icnbmsWpw tbiphns
apmsI ]dbpp.
Abm hnthI]qhw adp]Sn ]dpshv Inv tbip
]dp. \o ssZhcmPynt\mSv Hpw AIh (atmkv
12:28:34).
hmkvXhn tbip{InkvXphns Cu DcWn kz-w
hIb, adnv tamsi {]hmNI ]Tnn Imcyw (Bh--
\w 6:4,5, tehy 19:18) AtXt]mse BhnpI am{X-am-Wv
tbip sNbvXXv. tbip{InkvXphns hmpIfn ssZh-Zq-
jWw Btcm]nh ]nimNns a F {]tbmKn\v
Al-cmb blqZ am{XamWv.
\n ]nimsN ]nXmhns a BIpp. \n-
fpsS ]nXmhns CjvSw \ndthm \n CNvOnpp.
Ah BZnapXte sIme]mXI Bbncpp. Ah\n k-
Xyw CmXv sImv Ah kXyns `mKv \n--p-
p-an. hymPw ]dbptm Ah kzw `mj kwkm-cn-p-
p. Ah hymPw ]dbph\pw hymPns A\pw B-
Ipp. Fm Rm kXyw ]dbpXv sImv \n F-
s hnizknpn. \nfn Bv Fn ]m]w B-
tcm-]nm Ignbpw? Rm kXyw ]dbppshn Fs
\n- hnizknmXv Fv? ssZhn \nph ssZ-
hns hmv tIpp. \n ssZhn \nph
AmXv sImmWv AhnSps hmv tImXv
(tbml. 8:44-47).
tamibpsS \ymb{]amWw ASnm\amn Pohnp
blqZamtcmSmWv tbip kss[cyw Cu tNmZyw DbnXv.
\nfn Bv Fn ]m]w Btcm]nm Ignbpw?
tbip{InkvXphns Aym]\w \ymb{]amWnse
Hmw I]\v t]mepw hncpamsWv blqZ kXy-
11
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
kambn a\nemnbncpsn Atln\v Cs\
Hcp tNmZyw Dbnphm km[nptam? Hcnepw C.
Fn tbiphn\v FXncmbn hymP Btcm]Ww Dbnh
BcmWv? Fmbncpp B Btcm]Ww?
tbip{InkvXp a\pjy\mbncnt ssZhnt\mSv ka-
\msWv hmZnpp FXmWv AhcpsS hymP Btcm-]Ww.
Fnv CXns t]cn tbiphns\ h[npI FXm-bncpp
AhcpsS eyw. tbip Cs\bphsc hnfnXv ]n-im-Nn-
s a FmWv. ImcWw Ah hymPw ]d-bp-tm kz-
w `mj kwkmcnpp. AYh tbip ]Tnn-m- Imcyw
]Tn-npshv Iffw ]dbpp.
tbip{InkvXphns hmpIsf bYmY coXnbn D-sIm-
injymscpdnv Atlw {]iwknv ]dXv kz-
Kob aa {Klnphm\p hcw \nv e`nn-cnpp
FmWv. Chv kzKob clky shfnhmIpI hgn
a\knemb Imcyhpw ]nimNns a {]Ncnn Zpcm-tcm-
]Whpw HmsWv k_pnbph ]dbptam? ssZ-h-
\nbp\mb aninlbmWv tbipshv hnizknp injy-
mcpsS hmpI {inm BcmWv tbipshv hy--am-
Ipw.
A{_lmansbpw bnkvlmnsbpw bmtm-_n-s-bpw
ssZhw, \psS ]nXmmcpsS ssZhw Xs AhnSps
]cnip Zmk\mb tbiphns\ alXzsSpn (Asm. {]hr.
3:13).
BImihpw `qanbpw kap{Zhpw Ahbnep kIeXpw
kr-jvSn \mYm, P\XI tcmjmIpecmbn XocpXpw, hwi-
hyY Imcy \ncq]npXpw Fn\v? Im-hn\pw
AhnSps A`njnIvX\pw hntcm[ambn `qanbnse cmPmm
AWn\ncpIbpw A[n]XnI Hnv IqSpIbpw sNbvXn-
12
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
cnpp Fv AhnSps Zmk\mb ZmhoZv apJmncw
AhnSpv ]cnipmmhn\m- Acpfn sNbvXncnpp. Av
A`ntjIw sNbvX ]cnip Zmk\mb tbiphn\v hncpambn
tltcmZmhpw s]mntbmkv ]oemtmkpw hnPmXnbtcmSpw
C{ktb P\XtbmSpsamcpanv Cu \Kcn IqSn,
kw`hntWw Fv AhnSps `pP _ehpw Cbpw ap-
\n-bansXmsbpw Ah sNbvXncnpp. Ctm Im-
th, AhcpsS `ojWnI t\mWta, AbpsS hN\w
ss[cytmsS {]kwKnm AhnSps Zmksc _es-
SptWta. AhnSps ]cnip Zmk\mb tbip-hns \ma-
n- kuJyw hcpphm\pw ASbmffpw Ap-Xfpw
{]hnm\pw AhnSps ssI \otWta. (Asm.{]hr.
4:24-30).
kzKob aa {Klnh ssZhns Zmk\mWv
tbipshpw, ]nimNns a tbip ssZhamsWv hymP
{]kvXmh\ \Snsbpw Cu k` hyampp.
CXn Hcp {InkvXp kvt\ln BscbmWv ]n]pI? Fm
hntcm[m`mksav ]dbs, tbiphns kaImenIcmb ]nim-
Nns afpsS hymPhmZamWv bYmY hmZsav hnizknv
tbip kzbw ssZhXzw hmZnpshv ]dbpIbmWv ss{I-kvX-
h sNpXv. CXns ]cnWnX ^esaXv GIssZh hnizm-
kn \npw Hne[nIw ssZhfps hnizmk-nte-
p A[x]X\ambncpp. -

***

13
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

2
II
km[mcWmcpsS
hnIeamb {XotbIXzw

kzmXnIcmb {]hmNImcpw thZ{K\vYfpw sImv


A\p-{KloXcmb blqZ kaqlw GIssZhnemWv hniz-
kn-ncpXv. B GI\mb ssZhn ssZh]p-{X-s\-tm,
]cn-ip-mmshtm D cv BfXz DffXmbn A-
hv AdnbpIbn. aninlbmbn hcpXv ]p{XssZhamsWv
Ah hnizknncpn. AtXt]mse, ]cnipmmhv ssZh-
n \np Zm\amsWv a\nemnbncp blqZ
kaqlw ]t GIssZhnep BfXzambn AXns\
Incpn. Npcpn GIssZhsam Htcsbmcp Bf-
Xz-ap Hcp ssZhsbmWv blqZm hnizknncpXv. (One
person, one diety)
Cu GIssZh hnizmkn\v ]nmev ss{I-kvXh
XncpepI \Sn. ssZhn\v AcmYn- Xs
A\mZnImev Hcp ]p{X ssZhw P\npsh \qX\ hnizmkw
krjvSnsp. AtXmsSmw, GI ssZhn\v ]pdmbncp
]cnipmmhns\ ssZh kev ] ntev Dbn.
As\ ]pXnbXmbn Dmb cv ssZhsf blqZamcpsS
GIssZh hnizmkn\v Dn XncpIn Ibn. As\ Hcp
14
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
BfXzap ssZhw FXns\ aqv BfXzap ssZhw F-
Xntev hnIknnsSpp. CXn\v ss{IkvXh ]ptcm-
lnXamsc t{]cnn ImcWw Ah Xs ]dbpp.
-GIssZhmcm[\sb apdpsI ]nSnncnp hn`m-K-am-Wv
blqZ (Gi 44:6-8, 45:22, ]pdmSv 20:2, \nbamh\w 6:4-6)
AXn\m BZna \qmn blqZ aXn \npw D-`-hn-
{InkvXpaXnepw Cu GIssZhmcm[\bpsS iamb
kzm-[o\apv. (am. 22:37). AXpsImpXs {InkvXp ssZh-
]p{X-\msWpw ssZhamsWpw m]npI Fnh A-
Xoh ZpLS knsbbmWv k`m]nXmm A`nap-Jo-Icn-
Xv. {InkvXp ssZhaspw ssZhw XncsSp Hcp hy-
nbmsWpw hcnIbmsWn {InkvXphns PohnX-n-
eqsS t\SnsbSp c AYanm Hmbnocpw. Imc-
Ww krjvSn asmcp krjvSnbpsS c km[nXamp sX-
s\? hopw {InkvXp ssZhamsWv m]nm {ianm
GIssZhmcm[\bn \npap AIbmbncnpw ^ew.
AXpsImv {InkvXp ssZhamsWpw Fnepw ssZhhpw
{InkvXphpw c GIssZhkbnse cv hyn-{]`mh-
fmsWpw m]nt BhiyIXbn \npamWv k`m-
]n-XmmcpsS ]cnip {XnXzs pdnp NnI B-
cw-`npXv. (]cnip {XnXzw, ]pdw 1920)
GI ssZh hnizmksav blqZkaqlw a\n-em-n-
bncp ssZh kev]ntev cv ]pXnb AwKsf
{]thinnsnepw GIssZh hnizmkamWv Ctmgpw Xfp-
tS-sXv AhImisSpIbpamWv ss{IkvXh t\XrXzw
sNpXv. {XotIbXznse aqv AwK Hcp ssZh-
amtWm aqv ssZhamtWm Asn- CXn ]dbp GIXzw
Fns\bmWv kqNnnpsXtm km[mcWmcpsS
CSbn hyamphm Hcnepw ss{IkvXh t\XrXzw

15
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
Xmdmbn. ]Icw hfsc hnZKv[amb Hcp NXnpgn Ah
sa\sSpp.
hynI aqpsnepw kmcmwin H-mWv Fv
am{Xta Ch km[mcWmtcmSv ]dbpIbpffp.
kzm`mhnIambpw tIh [cnXv, aqv hynI Fs\tbm
Hcp ssZhambn Xop FmWv. km[mcWmcpsS Cu
AX XncndnbWsan Ah ]dbp D]aI
{inm hyamIpw.
km[mcWmcs D]aI
{XotIbXznse aqv hynI Hcp ssZhamsWv
sXn cnh cv coXnbnemWv Imcy a\nempXv.
a) Hv -aqv hynI tNv Hcp ssZhw,
b) cv - Hcp ssZhw Xs aqv hyn Ifmbn Xocpp.
-Cu cv [mcWIfpsS ASnm\n Ch ]dbp
Nne D]aI \apsmv ]cntim[nmw.
a) aqv hynI tNv Hcp ssZhw F hn`mKw
1) ap : apbpsS ]pdwtXmSv, sh`mKw, a`mKw F-n-
-s\ aqv Imcy Dsnepw ap Htbpq.
2) Bn- : ]pdw sXmen, amwkw, Ipcp Fns\ aqv Im-
cy. ]t Bn Htbpq.
3) d_Imbv : aqv Ipcp Dsnepw d_Imbv Ht-bp-
q.
4) a\pjy : tZlw, tZln, Bmhv Fns\ aqv LSIw
Dsnepw a\pjy HmWv.
Cu hn[ap [mcmfw DZmlcW ss{IkvXh
]dbmdpv. ssZhw Hcpht\ Dq F kXytmSp Ch-
cpsS Xm-cyamWv Cu D]aIfneqsS hyamIpXv. ]t,
16
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
ChcpsS D]aI t]mse Hcp ssZhns aqv LSIf
{XotIbXznse aqvhynI. ]nXmhv F hyn G-
I\m-b ssZhns aqnsemv A, ]p{X FXv
GI\mb ssZhns aqnsemv A, ]cnipmmhv
FXv asmcp aqnsempw A. ]nstbm, {XotbI ho-
Wn ]nXmhv ]qW\mb ssZhamWv. ]p{X ]nXmhn-
\nv hyXykvX\mb ]qW \mb ssZhamWv. ]cnipmmhv
FXv ]nXmthm, ]p{Xt\m Am ]qW\mb ssZhamWv.
CXn\v kam\ambn, tZlw a\pjy\mWv , tZln a-
\pjy\mWv, Bmhv a\pjy\mWv Fv Bcpw ]dbpIbn.
apbpsS ]pdwtXmSv ]qW apbm sWpw sh`mKw am{Xw
]qW apbmsWpw a`mKw am{Xw apbm sWpw Bcpw
]dbpIbn. Fm {XntbIXznse aqv hynIfpw ]q-
W ssZhamWv. Npcpn aqv hynIsf Hmm\p
hy{KXbn DXv`hn D]aIv {XntbIXzambn bmsXmcp
kmayXbpan.
b) Hcp hyn Xs aqv cq]n hcpp F hn`m-K-
m-cp-sS D]aI.
a) Hcp a\pjys aqv tdmfpI-: Hcp hyn X-s ]n-Xm-hm-
bpw, `mhmbpw ]mdmbpw Pohnpp.
b) shns aqv cq]: Htc shw Xs {]tXyI
Xm-]\nev A\pkrXambn shw, sFkv, \ocmhn F-
n-hbmbn amdpp.
Cu DZmlcW {inm {XotIbXzs kw-_-
np ChcpsS ImgvNmSv hyamIpw, {XotIbXznse
]nXmhv F hyn Xs ]noSv ]p{X\mIpIbpw, XpSv
]cnipmmhmIpIbpw sNppshmWv ChcpsS [mcW.
{XotIbXzns _me]mT t]mepw Chv A-m-
XamWv F hkvXpXbmWv CXneqsS ]pdp hcpXv. A\m-
17
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
ZnImev ]nXmhn \npw Hcp ]p{XssZhw P\npshpw,
B ]p{XssZhamWv adnbbpsS aI\mbn `qanbn- P\n-
sXpw Chv AdnpIqSm. ChcpsS kn adnb
{]k-hnXp apXemWv ssZh]p{XXzw Bcw`npXv. am\p-
jnI ]nXmhnmsX P\nXpsImv ssZh]p{X Fv hnfn-
sSpp. bYmYn ssZh]p{X FXv ]nXmhmb ssZhw
X-s a\pjy\mbn hXmWv. Cs\ t]mIpp ChcpsS
Dulm-t]mlw.
Ch Cs\ A_n NmSphm asmcp Im-cWw
IqSnbpv. BobmYn tbip ]d hN\sf A-
cmYn kao]np FXmWv. Fs Ih ]nXmhns\
Ipshpw, (tbml. 14:9) Rm\pw ]nXmhpw Hm-
Ippshpw (tbml. 10:30) ]nXmhv Fnepw Rm ]nXm-
hnepw BIppshpw (tbml. 14:14) Rm GI\ Fs
A-b ]nXmhv Fs IqsS Dspsams (tbml. 8:29)
]d hN\sf _mlymYn hymJym\ntm
]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw Hcm XssbmWv Ch [cnXv.
As\ ]p{X XsbmWv ]nXmshn, ]p{Xs\
Xnbtm ]nXmhn\pw Xp Inntbm, ]p{X {Iqin--
stm ]nXmhpw {Iqinstm, ]p{X acntm
]nXmhpw acntm, ]p{X Idbn InStm ]nXmhpw
Idbn Bbncptmsbv tNmZnm C Fv Chv
]d-tbn hcpw
sk_nb\nkw (Sabellianism)
km[mcW ss{IkvXhcpsS hmZw {inm AXv {Xo-
tIbXza adnv aqmw \qmn ss{IkvXh ]ptcmlnXm
i]nv ]pdmnb sk_nb\nkw F ]mjm--X-bm-
sW-v t_mysSpw. Gjy ssa\dnse {]mIvknbkv (AD
200), kvapbnse t\mtbkv (AD 230) Fnh {]Ncnn

18
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
ssZhimkv{Xs ]nmev k_nbqkv F ]nX
IqSpX hyX \In AhXcnnp.
ChcpsS ]T\{]Imcw ssZhn\v Hcp kz`mhhpw
hynXzhptabpq. ]nXmhv, ]p{X, ]cnipmmhv Fv
]dbpXv aqv hynIf, ssZhns aqv t]cpI
am{XamWv. ]nXmhv XsbmWv adnbn \nv P\nv
a\pjykz`mhtmsS ]p{Xs\ t]cn {]kwKnp \S-
Xpw, ]oV\ klnv acnXpw. AXpsImv Am-e-
s kXy{InkvXym\nI Cqsc hnfnncpXv ]m{Sn-]m-
knb (Patripassians), AXmbXv ]nXmhv {Iqin Xqn acnp
F-v ]dbph FmWv. (]cnip{XnXzw ]pdw : 42)
sk_nb\nkw F ]mjmXsb AD 268 A-tym-
Iybn ktfn Iuknen shv {InkvXp k` i]nv
]pdmn. CXv ImtmencpsS {K\vYfn am{X-a,
s{]mpImcpsS {K\vYfnepw hniZoIcnnpv. (hy-h-
nX ssZhimkv{Xw G. Suseelan ]pdw 164, ssZhimkv{Xw, Fw.hn.
Nmtm, ]pdw 157)
C\n Fs km[mcWmcmb ss{IkvXh kplr-p--
Hv ]dbq. ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw ]cnipmmhpw Hcp ssZh-
ns hnhn[ tdmfpIfmsW hmZw ta]dbs sk-
_nb\nkw F Zpcp]tZiat? Cu ]mjmXsb
{InkvXpk` i]nv ]pdmn bXt? Atm \n
]dbpw t]mse, ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw Hcp ssZhamsW hmZw
{InkvXpan\p t]mepw kzoImcya Fv hyw. C\nbpw
Bhiyaptm sXfnhpI, \apv Nne ss{Ikv X h
]nXmcpsS {K\vY- IqSn ]cntim[nmw.
ap Nne ]nXmhv XsbmWp ]p{Xs\pw, B ]p{X
XsbmWv ]cnipmmshpw apw ]Tnnp. A--
s\ ]ehn[ hN\ hncpamb ZphymJym\fpw ITn\-
19
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
am-b Zpcp]tZifpw cq]w {]m]np.
(M.M.Zacharia, sdPn Cunaqn FgpXnb ]p{X ]n-
Xmhn\v kmayt\m, kat\m F ]pkvXIns Ah-Xm-cn-
Ibn), ss{IkvXh - {_Zd hn`mKnse {]apJcmb
H.Fw.kmapth, kn.hn.hSh\, ]n.Fkv.Xm XpSnb
{]-KXv` DssS Cu ]pkvXIs ]nm-ppv.
]p{X ssZhamWv a\pjymhXmcsaSpXv, ]nXmhv F-
ssZhtam, ]cnipmmhv F ssZhtam A. AXp-
sImv ]nXmth, \n , \o Ipcnin acnphtm Fv
{]m-YncpXv. ]nXmhv Ipcnin acnn. AXv ]p{X\mb
ssZhamWv. (Trinity: A Brief study, Sakshi, Apologetic)
{InkvXp ssZhamsWn- Ah {Iqin acntm
Cu {]]s \nb{nXv BcmWv? aqv hynIfpw
HmsWn Fmhcpw acntm?
{InkvXp {Iqin acnphm thnbmWv a\p-jym-
hXmcw FSpXv. {InkvXp {Iqin acnptm ]nXm-
hmb ssZhw kzKn Dv. ]cnipmmhpw ssZh-
hpw BfXz]cambn kzKn Dv. {InkvXp acnp-
Ib sNbvXXv. Xs Pohs\ acWn\v hnt[bs-
Spn Xs Pohs\ ({]mWs\) ]nXmhns ssIIfn
`cta-ev]npp. B kabw {]]ns \nb{Ww
XIcmdnemtI Imcyan. aqp hynIfpw HmIp-
psbv ]dncnpXv BfXzn HmIpp-sb-
-, ssZhXznep kmcmwin HmIpp
FmWv AYw. ({XotbIssZhw S.G.Gilbert 226)
Npcpn ss{IkvXhcnse _lp`qcn]w Icp-XpXv
t]mse ]nXmhv F ssZhhpw ]p{X F ssZ-h-hpw
]cnipmmhv F ssZhhpw GI\mb Hcp ssZh-ns
hyXykvX `mhtfm cq]tfm Atb, am{Xa C-
20
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
s\bph Zpcp]tZinemWv hnizkn-p-sXpw Cu
Bibs AD 268 Xs {InkvXpk` i]np ]pdmn-
bncp--shpw Zbhmbn DsmffWw.

***

21
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

3
bYmY {XotbIXzw

ssZhw {XotbI\mWv Fv ss{IkvXh ]dbpsanepw


AXpsImv DtinsSpXv FmsWv Ahcn
_lp`qcn]w t]pw Adnbn FXmWv hmkvXhw.
ss{IkvXh IpSpw_n P\n-v hfcp Hcp hynv
ktU kvIqfn \ntm ]nbn \ntm {XotbIXzw
FmsWp ]T\w e`nmdn. AXpt]mse, Hcp Ass{I-
kvXh\mb hynsb {InkvXpaXntev Wnp Ah-
k-cn Hcn t]mepw Cu koW hnjbw N
sNsSmdpan.
AXpsImv \apv ]Tnmw. bYmY {XotbIXzs Ip-
dnv.

22
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
ssZhnI Bf hn`nfmsWv ]dbptm
]nXmhp ]p{Xt\m ]cnipmmthm Aspw ]p{X ]nXm-
thm ]cnipmmthm Aspw ]cnipmmhv ]p{Xt\m
]nXmthm Aspw hyampp. (hyhnX ssZh-im-
kv{Xw, Pn. kpioe, ]pdw 152) Cu ]dXn Bpw Hcp
Bibpgan. ]t Ch kmcmwin HmWv F
`mKamWv AhyambnpXv. AXpsImv BZyambn kmcmw-
iw Fm FmsWpw tijw kmcmwin Hv FXp-
sImv FmWv DtinpsXpw \apv ]cntim[nmw.
kmcmwiw
{XotbIXzw N sNptm kmcmwiw, k, Nature,
Essence Fsms ]dbp Cu hmns AYw FmWv?
ss{IkvXh ]WvUnXmcpsS hniZoIcWw \apv t\mmw.
kmcmwisam Hcp hkvXphn A\nhmcyambpw D-
mbncnt kz`mhw Asn- KpWamWv. am{Xa,
Cu kz`mhw Hn\v Csn AXns\ B hkvXp Fv
]d-bm Ignbn. (A Brief introduction to trinity, Sakshi website)
XpSv CXn\v Nne DZmlcW Ch ]dbppv.
Dns\ Dv Fv hnfnpXv Dpckw DXv sImmWv.
a\pjys\ a\pjy Fv ]dbpXv a\pjyXzw DXv
sImmWv. AXpt]mse ssZhns\ ssZhw Fv ]dbpXv
ssZhXzw DXv sImmWv.
-CkvemanI kmtXnI AYn kzn^mv AYhm
KpWhntijW F {]tbmKns AtX AYamWv
kmcmwiw FXv sImv ss{IkvXh hnhnpXv.
ssZhn\v am{Xw DXpw temIn ampw Xs
AhImisSm IgnbmXpamb ]e kz`mh khn-ti-
jXI Dv. AhsbbmWv ssZhnI KpWeW
(kmcmwiw) Fv hnhnpXv. (ssZhw {XotbI,
23
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
S.G.Gilbert ]pdw 39)
ssZhns kmcmwiw AYhm kzn^v Fsm-s-bm-
sW-v ss{IkvXh ]nX ]dbpXv Cs\bmWv.
a) ssZhw \nXy\mWv (Eternal) - Fpw Dh\mWv.
b) kh\mWv (omniscient) Fmw Adnbpp. Adn-bm-
Xmbn Hpw C.
c) khi\mWv (omnipotent) GXv Imcyn\pw Ign-hp--
h-\mWv).
d) khhym]nbmWv (omnipresent) ssZhns kh-
hym]IXzw FXv sImv ss{IkvXh DtinpXv
ssl-h hnizmks t]mse ssZhw XqWnepw Xpcp-n-
epw Ds adnv, ssZhn \npw ad-ncnm
Hcp krjvSnpw IgnbpIbn F-Y - nemWv. `qan-bntem,
kap{Zntem, ]mXmf-n-tem Ahs\ ImWmsX Hfn-
ncnm Bpw kmya. (ssZhw {XotIb,
S.G.Gilbert, ]pdw 5051)
Npcpn kmcmwiw AYhm ksbm ssZhoI
KpWfpsS BsI XpIsbmWv AYw.
Atm hynI aqmWv ]t kmcmwin
HmWv FXv sImv DtinpXv FmWv? CXns
bYmY AYsaXv aqv hynI Hmbn Xop F.
adnv aqv hynIfmbn \ne\nptmgpw Ah
HmtcmcpcptSbpw ssZhoI KpWw Hp XsbmWv Fv
am{XamWv.
kakvX ssZh eWpw Hcpanp]tbmKnp
cq]IamWv kmcmwiw. Bfnse Hmtcmcppw
kqWamb kmcmwiapv. aqpt]cpw AXp kq--W-
ambn Dsmffpp. khhym]IXzw Hp am{XamWv.
24
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
]n-Xmhv khhym]nbmWvv; ]p{X khhym]nbmWv;
]cnipmmhv kh hym]nbmWv; Htcsbmcp k-h-
hym]IXzamWv ]nXmhn\pw ]p{X\pw ]cnipmmhn\pw
DffXv. ]nXmhv khi\mWv;v ]p{X\pw khi\mWv;
]cnipmmhpw khi\mWv;. aqv Bfpw
DffXv Htcsbmcp khinbmWv. khin aqp-
t]pw {]tXyIw hn`PnsSpIbmsWn aqp-
t]cpw aqp ssZhfmbn amdpw. am{Xhpa, khin
khin AmXmbnXocpw. khin Htbpffp;
AXv kqWamWv; ]nXmhn\p AXns kq-W-X-
bn Dv. AtX kqWamb khin AtX Im-
enepw hn[nepw ]p{Xp\pw ]cnipmmhn\pw Dv.
Fm ssZhnIKpWsf kw_npw CXp kXyat{X.
kIe ssZhnI KpWfpsSbpw BIpIbmWv kmcw-
iw AYhm Duknb. ssZhnIKpWsfmw A`m-Py-
amWv. AXmbXv hn`PnsSmhpX. Xqew ssZhnI
KpWfpsS Fmw BIpIbmb kmcmwihpw Hp
am{XamWv. AXpsImv {XntbItXzm] tZia\pkcnv
GI ssZhta Dffp . (hyhnX ssZhimkv { Xw,
Pn. kpioe, ]pdw 154)
AXmbXv , ]nXmhv F ssZhw GXv hn[amtWm,
khi\pw, \nXy\pw khm\nbpw khhym]nbpw
BIpXv AtXt]mse Xs ]p{X F ssZhhpw
]cnipmmhv F ssZhhpw CtX hn[ap KpWsfmw
Hcp Ipdthm IqSpXtem CmsX XpeycmWv. AXns\bmWv
kmcmwin Hv Fv ]dbpI. ChnsSsbpw aqv
hynI tem]nv HmIpXmbn Hcp ss{IkvXh ]n-
X\pw kaYnpn. Atm ss{IkvXhsc kw_-n-n-
Stmfw aqv khicpw aqv khm\nIfpw aqv
kh hym]nIfpw aqv \nXycpw Dv.
25
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
-As\sbn {XotbIXzn Hcp ssZhamtWm,
aqv ssZhfmtWm DXv Fv NnnpI. ]nXmhv F
hy-n-v ssZhns ]qWamb KpWhntijW
Dv. ]p-{X ssZhn\pw Dv. ]cnipmmhv ssZhn\v
Dv. Fm ]nXmhv ]p{X\, ]p{X ]cnipmmhv
A, ]cnip-mmhv ]nXmhpa. Fm Hmtcmcpcpw
]qWamb ssZhamWv. Chsc ssZhamIp kmcmwiw F
ssZhoI KpW Fmhpw HmWv. AXpsImv,
hynI aqmsWnepw kmcmwin HmWv Fv
]dbmw. Cu Imcyns\ H hmn {XotIbXzw Fpw
]dbmw. ]t, ChnsS {XotbIXzn ssZhw F{Xbpv
Fv tNmZnm Hv Fv ]dbpXmtWm, aqv Fv
]dbpXmtWm icn. CXmWv \ Kuchambn Nnn-
tXv.
-DZmlcWambn ]dm Amlphn\v [mcmfw kzn-^-
pI (KpWhntijW) Dv. B hnhn[ KpW--fn-
Hcp KpWw t]mepw ampan Fv apkveo hnizkn-
pp. Fm ]nmev Hcm ]pXnb Hcp hmZw sImp-
hcppshv kev]npI. Abm ]dp. Amlphn\v
D KpW (kmcmwiw) Xpeyamb \nebn av cv t]v
IqSnbpv. Fm Ah aqv t]cpsnepw Ahcnse
kmcmwiw HmWv. AXpsImv Cu kev]hpw GIssZh
hnizmkamWv Fv ]dm hnhcap Bscnepw AXv
]cnKWnptam?
-Xpeyamb KpWtfmSp IqSnb _lpssZh Dv F-
-t CXn\v ]dbphm Ignbq. CXv Xsbt {XotbIXzhpw
]dbpXv. ]ns F-s\bmWv kplrpsf {XotbIXzw
GIssZh hnizmkamsWv \n hnizknpXv. -

26
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
t- _m[]qhw krjvSn Bibpgw
sk_nb\nkw F Zpcp]tZis AYhm ]nXmhpw
]p{X\pw ]cnipmmhpw Hcp ssZhw XsbmsW k-
]s `qcn]w hcp ss{IkvXhcpw {XotbIXzambn k-
nXv Fp sImmWv? CXn\v DchmZnI {Xo-tb-
IXzn\v \nhN\w sa\ ss{IkvXh _pn-cm-k -
- m-
cmWv.
-aqpsnepw Ah HmWv Fv ]dbptm aqv F-
p ]dXv AkvXnXzs Ipdnpw Hv FXv KpW-s-
pdnpamWv. Hcp hmNIn D]tbmKnncnp aqv, Hv
F cv ]Zfn aqv D]tbmKnXv Fs AYhm
F{X (Whos) FXns\ kqNnnphm\pw Hv F ]Zw F-
v (What) FXns\ kqNnnphm\pamWv. ChcpsS Cu Ip-
X{w km[mcWm Fs\ Xncndnbpw?
-Cu Imcyfnepff AX aqeamWv, \nv F{X
ssZhapv Fv tNmZnptm Hv Fv km[mcW Ch
Dcw ]dbpXv. hmkvXhn, F{X Fv tNmZnm
aqv Fpw, FmWv \nfpsS ssZhfpsS KpW
Fv tNmZnm Ah HmWv, Hpw hyXymkan FpamWv
Ch ]dtbXv. Htct]mepff aqv ItkcIsf Ipdnv CXv
F{X Itkcbpv Fv ss{IkvXhtcmSp tNmZnm {XotbI
Itkcsbv Ch ]dbptam? Hcp I\n Xs Dmp
Htct]mepff \mev ImdpI ImWnnv CXv F{X Imdpv
Fv tNmZnm NXptcI Im Fv ]dbptam? Hcp ]g-p-
e-bnse Av ]gsIpdnv CXv F{X ]gw Fv tNmZnm
]tI]gw Fv ]dbptam? Ctm.
]ns FpsImmWv F{X ssZhapv Fv tNm-Zn-
ptm ss{IkvXh {XotbIw Fv ]dbpXv. ImcWw,
F{X FXn\v am{Xw Dcw ]dm aqv Fv ]d-tb-
27
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
n-hcpw. AXpsImv, tNmZyImhns F{X F tNm-Zy-
tm-sSmw Fv F kzw tNmZyw IqSn a\n k--
]nv {XotbIw Fv adp]Sn ]dv tNmZyImhns\
BibIpg- - n-empI. Asn F{X F tNmZyns\
AhKWnv Fv F tNmZyamsWv k]nv Hv
Fv ]dbpI. Hcp aXns ASnm\ hnizm-k-am-Wtm
ssZ-h-hn-izmkw AXv-t]mepw kp-hy--am-bn hn-i-Zo-I-cn-m
I-gn-bm- ]-cn-Xm-]-I-cam-b A-h--bn-em-Wv C-v ss{I-kvX-
h-temIw. X hnizknp t\Xmm FmWv
]Icambn Xv Xncnp \IpsXv Fs kvt\lw
\nd ss{IkvXh Nnncpsn Fv B{Klnv
t]mIp-Ib - mWv.
aqp hynI Dsnepw kmcmwin HmWv Fv
]dbpXns Ah ss{IkvXh ]WvUnXm hnhcn-
pp.
hynsb \nebn ssZhw aqmWv, AXmbXv Htc
kmcmwiapff aqv hynI. AXpsImv ssZhw
GI\mbncnpp FXv {]tXyI \nebnemsWv bm-
sXm-cp BibIpghpw CmsX ]dbmw. km-cmw-isa
\nebn ssZhw HmWv, Fm hynI F
\nebn ssZhw aqmWv. Cs\ cp \nebn
ssZhw HmsWpw aqmsWpw ]dbpXpsImv
{XotbIXzw F Bibn sshcpyan. (A brief
Introduction of Trinity, Sakshi Website)
aqv BfXzambncnptm Htc kabw aqv hy-n-
Ifmbn aqv hyXykvX hnjb Nnn-p-hm\pw
Xocpam\w FSpm\pw km[npw. Hmtcm BfXzhpw A-
Xn Xs ]qWamWv.
ssZhnep aqv BfXzfmb ]nXmhv, ]p{X
28
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
]cnipmmhv Ch aqh aqv BfXzambn {]h--
nptm Htc kabw aqv {]hrnI sNpp.
Ah Xn BtemNnp sNpp. sFIyn
sNpp. Hcnepw Xn- tbmPnm Imcyw Bcpw
sNmdn. Xn hntcm[m`mkamb Imcyhpw sNbvXn-
pXmbn ss__nfn ]dbpn. Hcnepw Hcp hn-
j-bnepw ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw ]cnipmmhpw Xn
]nWnbnn. sFIynepw ]ckv]ckXtmSpw,
am{Xta GsXnepw Imcy sNpIbpq. ({Xo-tb-
I-ssZhw,Fkv.Pn Kn_v, ]pdw 206)

***

29
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

4
kmcmwin
]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw Xpeytcm

]
- nXmhpw ]p{X\pw kmcmwin HmWv Fv {InkvXp-
aXw ]dbpp. AkvXnXzn hyXykvXamb Chsc Xn
Hnnphm BsI Innb Hcp hmmWv kmcmwiw. ssZh-
ns kmcmwiw Fm ssZhn\p am{Xapff KpW hnti-
j-WfpsS BsIpIbmWv. \nXyX, khm\w, kh
hym]IXzw, khin FnhbmWv Ahbn {][m\w
1. \nXyXzw
Fpw \ne\npXn\v am{XamWv \nXyX AhIm-
isSm IgnbpI. As\sbn ]p{X \nXy\mtWm?
Hcnepw A. ]p{X Fv hnfnWsan Xs P\\w
F {]{Inb \SWw. P\\w, Bcw`s Ipdnpp.
Atm ]nXmhn \nv ]p{X P\npshv ]dbptm
B P\\w \SXv apXemWv ]p{X Bcw`npXv. ]ns
Fs\bmWv ]p{X \nXys\v AhImisSpI. AXpw
]nXmhns\ t]mse \nXys\pw!!!!
C
- u tNmZyn\v adp]Sn ]dbmX k`bpsS ]pdmepw
i]nepw am{XamWv Ncn{Xn ActdnbXv. ]nXmhn

30
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
\nv P\nh\msWnepw ]nXmhn\v ]p{Xs\m {]mb
IqSpX Cspw ]p{X CmXncp Imew Dspw
]dbpXv A]cm[hpamWt{X.
2. khm\nbpw kh hym]nbpw
- ] nXmhns\t]mse ]p{XssZhhpw khm\nbpw
khhym]nbpw BWt{X. Cs\ ]dbWsan ]p{X-ssZ-
hn\v kIeXpw Adnbm km[nWw. AtXmsSmw A-
hs\ adv Hpw DmIm\pw ]mSn. Atm Hcp kwibw.
]nXmhns Xocpam\w FmsWv ]p{X\v Adnbptam? AtXm
]nXmhv Adnbnm am{Xta Cu Adnhv ]p{X\v e`np-I-bp-
tffm? ss{IkvXh ]WvUnXm Xe ]pIbvm XpSn.
A-s\ Ah Hcp ]pXnb Bibw sImp hp.
P
- erichoresis AYh Ahym]\w FmWv AXns t]cv.
{Xo-tbI hynIfpsSbnSbn kvt\lw aqeapff A-
hym-]\w AYhm HcmfpsS Dffntev Cdn sNv ]ckv]cw
sImSp hm \Sphm\pff Ignhv Dt{X.
AXpsImv ]nXmhv Fv Nnnptmgpw ]nXmhv ]dbmsX
Xs ]p{X\v a\knemm km[npw Fv Ch hmZnp.
-hmkvXhn, ]nXmhn\pff Adnhv Fmw X\np-s-
v tbip ]dpthm?
-B \mfpw \mgnIbpw kw_nv ]nXmhn\msX ]p-{X-
t\m kzKnse ZqXamtm AdnbpIbn (am-
tm-kv 13:32) Fv tbip ]dbptm Atlns\ Ah-K-
Wnv ]WvUnXmcpsS hmns\ kzoIcnpXv KpW-Ic-
amtWm? ]nXmhntev Ahym]\w sNbvXv Adnhv t\Sm
]p{X\v km[npambncpsn B \mfpw \mgnIbpw kw_-
nv tbiphn\v FpsImv AdnhnmsX t]mbn. Npcp-
n- khm\n, khhym]n Fv tbiphns\ hnfn-p-
-Xn\v apv tbiphns hmpIsf Dt]nmsX \nh--
31
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
n-bn Xs?
3. khi
-A[nIw inbpffXn\v A khinsbv ]dbp--
Xv. Fpw sNmhm\pw Xocpam\nm\pw Dff Ignhns\bmWv
khinsbv ]dbpXv. khin DffXpsImp
Ah Fpw sNpw Fv IcpXpXv auVyamWv. Ahs
kz`mhn\pw ]cnipnpw tNcp {]h\ am{Xta
Ah\n \npw DmhpIbpffp.
-]nXmhv khi BsWXn kwiban. ]t
]nXmhn\pff khinv Xpeyamb khin ]p{X-\p-
tm? DsmWv {XotbI hnizmkw ]dbpXv. hmkvX-
hn CXn\v hncpamWv tbiphns Aym]\w.
-\ns alXzns \mfn Fs Hcp aIs\ \ns
CSpw Hcp aIs\ hepw CcpWw F Bhiyhpambn
AsmkvXe {]apJcmb tbmlmsbpw bmtm_nsbpw
amXmhv tbiphns\ kao]ntm tm Atlw \Inb
adp]Sn C{]ImcamWv.
-Fs alXzns Imev CStm hetXm Bcv
CcnWsav A\phZnpXv Rm\, Fs ]nXmhv Cu
m\ Bp thn Hcpnbncnpthm Ahp-
ff-XmWv. (ambn 20:23)
-Xs alXzns \mfn t]mepw Xs CStm he-
tm \Sp Imcyfn Xocpam\saSppXv tbip As-
n khi F ssZhns KpW hntijWw
Atl-n\v tNcptam? ]Xnhpt]mse ChnsSbpw tbiphns
hmpIsf Ipsmnbntev Xnc-kv-I-cnvv ]WvUn-X-m-cp-
sS ssZhZqjWw \nd `mh\Isf kzoIcnmsX tbip
khi BsWv ]dbphm km[nptam?

32
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
Npcpn ]p{X ]nXmhnt\mSv kmcmwin Xpey-
\msW \nJymhnizmk {]amWns {]Jym]\w ssZh-
tm-Spff Xpd shphnfn BIpp. \nXy, khi,
khm\n, khhym]n XpSnb Hcp ssZhoI KpW hnti-
j-Ww t]mepw tbiphn\v Cs-v A-t-lw X-s hy--am-
n-bn-cns, ]nXmhnt\mSv kmcmw-in Xpey\msW hmZw
AXoh KpcXcamWv. CXns {]XymLmXw Hgnhmm\mbn
Ahs ssIhiapff kIeXpw \Imw Fv ]dmepw
Ahs Bmhns\ cnpI AkmyamsWv
XobmWv. AXpsImv sXpI ssZh apmsI Gp
]dv ]mm]nv Ifanm GI ssZh hnizmkw
lrZbn m]npI am{XamWv ]cnlmcw.

***

33
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

5
ssZhfpsS Iqmbva

aqv ssZhoI hynI Iqmbvabn {]h-npp


F-mWv ss{IkvXh ]WvUnXm ]dbpXv. Hcp ssZha,
aqv ssZhoI hynIfpsS klIcWsbpw kvt\l-
sbpw Ipdnv hmNmeambn Nn{XoIcnv Ah sFIyw aqew
Hmbn Xocpp FmWv ChcpsS k]w. Atm cp
hn[amWv ss{IkvXh ssZh HmIpXv.
1. Ahcnse KpW HmWv.
2. Ah sFIyn HmWv
Fm ss{IkvXh kplrp NnnpI. \
Hcp hkvXphns\ FpXv Fns\ ASnm\amnbmWv?
Ah F{X AnXzapv FXmWv Fn ]cn-K-
WnpI. Htc t]mepff ]p ImdpIfpsS Fw tNmZnm
]v FmWv Dcw ]dbpI. AmsX Ah Htc coXnbn
Dffh BbXp-sIm-v Hv Fv ]dbpIbn. AtXt]mse
Poh\pff hyn- I ]ckv ] cw AKm[ kv t \lhpw
sFIyhpw Dsn Be-mcnIambn Ah HmWv Fv
]dbpsanepw Ah F{X Fv tNmZnm Ah F{X

34
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
hynI Dsv ]dbpI X-s thWw. As\sbn
{XnXzn F{X ssZhapv. F-v tNmZnm aqv Fv
XsbmWv Dcw ImcWw A- h - Akv X nXzn
hyXykvXcpw Hcnepw Hcp AkvXnXzambn amw
kw`hnmhcpamWv. C - mcy ss{I-kvXh {Kn
Xs ]e coXnbn hni-ZoIcn-n-cn-pXv ImWpI.
1) ]nXmhv a\pjy\mbn hn ]p{XssZhw am{XamWv a\p-
jy-\mbXv.
\nJym hnizmk{]amWw
khi\mb ]nXmhpw, Zriyhpw AZriyhpamb
kIensbpw {kjvSmhpw Bb GIssZhn R-
hnizknpp. GI Imhpw ssZh]p{X\pw ]n-
Xm-hn \nv, AXmbXv ]nXmhns kbn \nv
P\n GIPmX\pw ssZhn \npff ssZhpw, {]Im-
in \npff {]Imihpw, kXyssZhn \npff
ssZhhpw, P\nh\pw Fm krjvSsSmh\pw,
]nXmhnt\mSp IqsS GI k Bbncnph\pw Bb
tbip{InkvXphnepw R hnizknpp. Ah hgn
BIminepw `qanbnepw Dff kIeXpw krjvSnsp.
Ah a\pjycmb \appw \psS cbvpw thn
Cdn hv, amwkambn, a\pjy\mbn, ]oUI klnv,
aqmw Znhkw Dbnsgptv kzKntev B-tcm-
lWw sNbvXp. Pohnncnphtcbpw acn-htcbpw
hn[nm Ah hcpw. ]cnipmmhnepw R hniz-
kn-pp. (]cn. {XnXzw, ]pdw 2930)
2) blqZcpsSXpw apkveowIfpsSXpw GIssZh hnizmkw,
A-Xn \npw hyXymkapffXv ss{IkvXhcpsS {XotbI
hnizmkw.
ASnm\]cambn ssZhw GI\mWv. Fsm ssZ-
35
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
hw Htbpffq. ]gb \nbansbpw blqZcpsSbpw
apofpsSbpw hnizmkw CXmWv. s]mXpth ss{I-kX v -
h-cpsSbpw hnizmkw CXp Xs.
Hcphs GImInXbn \nv aqp ssZhnI hy-
n-IfpsS, ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw ]cnipmmhpaSnb
Iqmbvabntev \mw aptmp t]mIWw. BZnbn Xs
sshhn[yns kXtbmSpIqsS Hcp ssZhn-
Ihyn CXchynIv kzbw kanp {]Im-
iam-\amb sFIytmSp IqsS hnhn[ hynIfpsS
Iqmbvabpmbncpp.
GIssZhta Dffq F {]kvXmh\sb ss{IkvXh
hnizmkw \ntj[npn. Fm ssZhns GIXzw
hyXykvXamb coXnbnemWv a\nempXv. ]pXnb
\nbanse shfnsSpe\pkcnv bYmYn
BbncnpXv ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw ]cnipmmhpamb
ssZhamWv. ssZhw \nXy\mWv. ssZhnIcmb aqv hy-
n-IfpsS IqmbvabmWv. ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw ]cnipm-
mhpw A{Xta kvt\lnpsImv A{Xta ]c-kv]-
cw ]ptNpsImv \nXyambn sFIysncnpp.
aqp ssZhnI hynIfpsS IqmbvabmWv \ne\n-
pXv. Cu Iqmbva GIssZhamI coXnbn
A{X AKm[hpw ASnm\]chpamWv. (]cn. {XnXzw,
]pdw 61)
3) Hcp ssZhw BsWn GIm\mbnocpw.
aqp hynI Fm Htc kvt\lw aqv A\-\y-
cm-bh Fm Htc Iqmbva.
Htc Hcp A\\yhyntb Dmbncppffpshn
Hcp ssZhw. GImInXbmbncnpw A\c^ew. A-tm
AXy[nIw hyXykvXhpw AtXkabw kpenXhpamb
36
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
{]]ns A[mcbmbn hnpXv Iqm-bva-
bmbncnpIbn GImXbmbncnpw. Hcp ]ncanUns
A{K_npt]mse Htc Hcp _nphn Fm
Ahkm\npw.
cv A\\yhynIfpmbncppshn
]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw AI AXns aq\y-n-em-
bn-cnpw. Hcm asmcmfn \nv XnIpw hyXy-kvX-
ambncnpw. Atm kweb\w Dmhn. Hv asmv
BbncnpIbn. AXn\m ]nXmhpw ]n{X\pw Xn
sFIyhpw DmbncnpIbn.
{XnXzns Iqmbvabpw Dtcepw hgn \
]qWXbn Fntcpp. {XnXzneqsS Hcp hyn-
bm-bncnpXnepff GImX HgnhmsSpp. cv
hynIfmbncnpXnse (]nXmhpw, ]p{X\pw) AI-
-sb AXnPohnpp. Hcp hyn CXc hynbn
\nv _lnjvcnsSp Ah (]nXmhv ]p{X\n
\npw ]p{X ]nXmhn \npw) adnISpp. {XnXzw
Dscens\bpw Iqmbv a sbbpw Dfhmpp.
aqmas hyn hncp kz`mhfpsS (sshcp-y-
fpsS) sFIysbpw Xpdhntbbpw shfnsSppp.
AXn\m aqmas ssZhnI hynbmb ]cn-ip-m-
m-hv, ]nXmhpw, ]p{X\pw Xnepff sFIynsbpw
IqmbvabpsSbpw LSIambn Fpw IWmsSpp.
Pohs {]hmlambpw ssZhnIamb A\\yhynIfpsS
_n \ndp \np ]ckv]cm hym]-\-
n-s {]Imi\ambpw ]cnKWnsSpIbpw sNbvXp.
(]cn. {XnXzw, ]pdw 6566)

37
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
4) kIe {]iv\n\pw ImcWw Hcp ssZhnepff
hnizmkw
kzKn Hcp ssZhhpw `qanbn Hcp Xeh\pw
FXv A]ISIcmb {]kvXmh\bmWv. ]nXmhnsbpw
]p{Xsbpw ]cnipmmhnsbpw Iqmbvabmb ]cn.
{XnXzs Ipdnp NnnmsX Hcp GI\mb ssZh-n-
epff hnizmktmSv Hntp \npXv kaql-
n\pw cmjv{S PohnXn\pw k`bvpw A]ISIcamWv.
aqp ssZhnI hynXzfpsS IqmbvabmWv ssZhw
Fp ]dbpXv IpSpw_ kaqlnepw k`bnepw
Dff hyXykvXcmb hynIepsS klIcWsbpw
\ _sfbpw sFIysbpw t{]mm-lnn-p-
XmWv. {XnXzs a\nemmsXbpff Iiamb
GI ssZhknm (GI ssZhw F {]kvXm-h\)-
n-s A]ISsf \app ]cntim[nmw. CXv
cmjv{Sobn khm[n]Xyntepw aXn
A[nImc {]hWXbntepw kaqln ss]Xr-Im[n-
Imc-ntepw IpSpw_n ]pcpjm-[n]Xy-nte-
pw \bnpIbpw Ahsb \oXnIcnpbpw sNpw.
(]cn. {XnXzw, ]pdw 6667)
5) Hcp ssZhnepff hnizmkw kucyclnXw
A\ambpw \nXyambpw ]ckv]cw kvt\lnp
aqp hynIfpsS IqmbvabmWv ssZhw FdnbpXv
hgn ssZhns kucyhpw {]`bpw ktmjhpw I-
s-pIbmWv \mw sNpXv. GIhynbmb ssZhw
FXv kucyclnXhpw ktmjclnXhpamb Ah-
-bmbncnpw. (]cn. {XnXzw, ]pdw 72)

38
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
6) AsmkvXemcpsS sFIyw t]mse ssZhfpsS
sFIyw
A\Imew apX ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw ]cnip-m-
mhpw Hcpanv klmkvXnXzapffhcmWv. Bcpw apt]m
]nt]m DmbX. Bcpw DXt\m Xmgvht\m A.
Ah Xpeyamb coXnbn \nXyXbpffhcpw A\X
kzamnbhcpw ImcpWy \n[nIfpamWv. Ah \nXy
Iqmbvasb cq]sSppp.
Iqmbva Fv \ ]dbptm hynI Xn
]ckv]capffXpw {]Xyhpw ka{Khpamb _-
n\mWv Du \IpXv. Hmtcm hynbpsSbpw
k apffhv A`napJambn `hnpp. Hpw
kzambn \ne\npn. Hmtcm hynbpw Ahs
kbpw kzhpw Fmw s]mXphmbn Anpp.
Cu ASnm\]cmb sFIyn \nmWv Iqmbva
cq]w sImffpXv. AkvtXmemcpsS {]h\w
F ]pXnb \nba{Kn ImWpXpt]mse
ss{IkvXh Ahv DmbncpsXmw s]mXphmbn
Anncppshpw AhcpsSbnSbn Zcn{Z Dm-
bncpn Fpw Ahscpdnv ]dbsSpp.
CXn\v Gsdpsd Xpeyhpw CXnt\mfpw AKm-
[hpamb HmWv ]cnip {XnXzn kw`hnpXv.
... AsmkvXemcpsS {]h\n ImWp {In-
kvXob kaqln Htc lrZbtmSpw Htc Bm-
thmSpw IqsS ss{IkvXh ]ckv]cw kvt\lnncpp
(A. {]. 4:32). AhnsS kvt\lw C{Xbpw iamb
Iqmbvap cq]w sImSpsn {XnXzn AXv
F{Xam{Xambncnpw! CuhkvXpXsb pdnv
]cmainptm hn. BKkvXnt\mkv ]dbpp. Ak-
39
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
aXz-s XSv kqW kaXzn\p cq]w \Ip-
XmWv ssZhns kvt\lw. \nch[n Bmsf
Hmnohn[w A{X henb kv t \lw
`qanbnepw a\pjy hynIfnepapsn Hcnepw
th]n-cnbm ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw Xn As\-
sbmcp kvt\lw DmImsX t]mIpsXs\. AXv
Ah-sc Htcsbmcp ssZhamn ampIbnt? A\n-h-N-
\o- b hpw AXypZmhpamb Hcp sFIyneqsS
hyXykvX hynI Hmbnocpp. hynI cp
ssZhfmbn ocpIb Htc ssZhambnocpIbmWv
sNpI. hnizmks kw_nv AYnIpff
{]`mjWw 1:4; 40:629. (]cn. {XnXzw, ]pdw 8687)
{XotbIXzn\v ]WvUnX Xmdmnb D]aI
1) apncnNcSv
aqv ]ncnbp Hcp NcSv FSppI. AXns\ NcSv
FmWv ]dbpI. AXns aqp ]ncnI thsd BpI.
Hmtcm ]ncnbp `mKtbpw NcSv FmWv ]dbpI.
Hmtcm ]ncnbp NcSpw AXn Xs ]qWhpw NcSmbn
D]tbmKnmhpXpw BIpp. aqp Ibdpw Htc
kabp aqp Imcymbn D]tbmKnmw.
D]tbmKn\ptijw Hmtcm Ibdnt\bpw XnIqn
tbmPnnm ]gbXpt]mse apncn NcSv Fp ]dbmw.
ssZhw apncn NcSpt]mse HmWv. apncn NcSv
]ncnm aqv NcSv Ft]mse ssZhn ]nXmhv,
]p{X, ]cnipmmhv Fns\ aqv BfXz
Dv. ]ncn Hmtcm Ibdpw ]qWhpw Bhiyv
D]tbmKnmhpXpamIpp. AXpt]mse ssZh-Xz-n-
ep ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw ]cnipmmhpw aqp
hyXykvXfmb BfXzfmWv. aqmbnv thXncnv
40
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
Ccnam{X aqv Xcnep {]hrnI Htc
kabv sNpp. Fm Ah Xn A`n{]mb
`nXbnmsX {]hnpIbpw AtX kabw ssZh-
Xzn Ah Hmbn tNv Hcmfmbn AYh {XntbI
ssZhambn {]hnpp. As\ ssZhw {XntbI.
- ({XotbIssZhw,Fkv.Pn Kn_v, ]pdw 136137)
2) Htc kzWw sImv aqp {]XnaI:
kzWw sImp aqv {]XnaI FSppI.
HmatXv ]nXmhns cq]w. cmatXv aIs
(]p{Xs) cq]w. aqmatXv themcs cq]w Fp
IcpXpI. aqv cq] bYmYn Poh\p
hynI Fv kev]nWw. Ah aqhcpw Htc
kabw aqp {]h\ sNpp. Ah aqv
hynI BWv . asmcp amanI hkv X pX \mw
a\nemtXpv. AXmbXv Ah aqhcpw
DmsncnpXv Htc kzWw sImmWv. As\
Ah XXzn AYhm kmcmwin HmWv.
Fm BfXzn aqv. ({XotbIssZhw,Fkv.Pn
Kn_v, ]pdw 236)
3) Hcp m]\nse hnhn[ tPmenm :
Hcp _mn ]e {]hnppmbncnpw;
Fm Xsbpw \mw _mns\ Hcp _mv FmWv
]dbpXv. Gtgm Ftm AwK Dsmp-sn-
epw Hcp IpSpw_w Fp XsbmWv hyhlcnpI.
(hyhnX ssZhimkv{Xw, Pn. kqioe, ]pdw 159)

***

41
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

6
]WvUnXmcpsS {]h\

tbip{InkvXphn\v tijap aqv \mev \qmpIfn-


ss{IkvXh ]nXm tbip{InkvXphns ssZhXzw
m]nm \Snb {iafpsS ]cnWnX ^eamWv
{XotbIXzw F ssZh kev]w. \nehnep GIssZh
hnizkntev tbiphnt\bpw ]cnipmmhns\bpw ]p-
XnbXmbn DsSppIbpw Fm AwKkwJy IqSnb
Imcyw tIhnmcn \npw adp shbvpIbpw F hfsc
`mctadnb tPmenbmWv Ch sNbvXXv. {XotbIXzns
t]mcmbva Xophm\p an\pp ]WnI ]noSpw A-
t\Iw \qmpItfmfw \ne \np.
ss__n t{ImUoIcWw
-B Imev ss__nfn\v IrXyamb Hcp LS\ Dm-bn-
cpn. ]ecpsSbpw am\Z{]Imcw Cp ]e ]pkvX-
Ifpw ss__nfn\v tbmPnph Bbncpn. shfn]mSp
]pkvXIw, ]t{Xmkns teJ\, tbmlms teJ\-
, F{_mb teJ\w, bqZbpsS teJ\w, bmtm_ns
teJ\w Fnhbvsmw D Bt] ]Xn\mw

42
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
\qmnse amn eqY F s{]mp t\Xmhns
Imetijhpw \ne\nncpp. tkmfm kv{In]vNqd (Sola Scriptura)
AYhm hN\w am{Xw aXn Fv {]Jym]n epYdn\v t]mepw
ss__nfnse shfn]mSp ]pkvXIw, F{-_mb teJ\w, bq-Zm-
bpsS teJ\w FnhtbmSv tbmPnnembncpp. bmtm_ns
teJ\s Ipdnv eqY ]pNvOnv kwkmcnpambncpp.
-ss__n ]pkvXIfpsS t{ImUoIcWs kw_-
nv {]apJ ss{IkvXh ]WvUnX\mb dh. Fw.hn Nmtm-
bpsS hnhcWw Cs\bmWv.]pXnb \nba ]pkvXIfpsS
Imt\m F \nebn {]Yaambn cq]oIcnsXv am-
kn-b (A.D 140) DmnbXmWv. Atlw ]utemkns
teJ\fn CSbteJ\ Hgnpffhbpw eqtmkns
kphntijhpw ]cnjvcnv tNp. ap aqv kphn-ti-j-
Xffnfp. ]ns DmbXv aqtdtmdnb Imt\m
Fv AdnbsSpXv (A.D 200) BIpp. tdman AwKo-Icn-
shbpsS Hcp env AXn Dmbncpp. \mev kphn-ti-
j, AsmkvXe {]hrnI, ]utemkns teJ-\,
tbmlms cv teJ\, bqZmbpsS teJ\w, ]t{Xm-
kns Hmw teJ\w, shfnmSv Fnh DsSpp. F{_m-
b, bmtm_v, tbmlms aqmw teJ\w Ch X-ffn-
fp. ]t{Xmkns cmw teJ\w kwibm-kv]Z-ambn
amn hp. slamknse CSb clkyhmb\bvv A\p-h-
Znp. ]ckyhmb\v A\phZnn.
-sbcqtianse kndnepw ehuZnIybnse Iuknepw
shfn]mSp ]pkvXIw Hgnpffh AwKoIcnp. hmn\n,
sk\mnpw, aqe{]XnI \memw \qmn Dm-s-
XmIpp. hmn\n ^ntetam, Xntmkv, Hqw cpw
XntamsYtbmkv, F{_mb, shfn]mSv Ch DsSpn.
sk\mnn \mep kphntijfpw, Fm teJ\fpw,
43
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
shfn]mSpw Dsmffpp. bpko_nbkv ]pXnb \nba
]pkvXI- sf aqmbn Xcw Xncnncnpp. Ah AwKoIrX
]pkvXI, AwKoIcWanm ]pkvXI, Xffsh,
(NOTHA) FnhbmWv. Hmwhn`mKn \mev kphn-ti-
j-. Asm. {]hrnIfpsS ]pkvXIw, ]utemkns
teJ\, 1 ]t{Xmkv, 1 tbmlm, shfnmSv Ch D-
sSpp. cmw hn`mKn bmtm_v, bqZm, 1,2 tbmlm,
2 ]s{Xmkv, shfnmSv (ChnsSbpw shfnmSv tNnpv)
Hcp ]s Hmw hn`mKn AXv tNXv a\nm-a\-
tmsSbmbncnmw. XffshbpsS Iqn ]utemkns
{]hrnI slamknse CSb, ]s{Xmkns shfnmSv,
__mkns teJ\w, UnUmt Fnh tNncpp.
-ASnbncambn {int Hcp hnhcw IqSn ChnsS
IpdnpIbmWv. BZna ]nXmmcn ]ecpw F{_mb
teJ\w, bmsm_v, 1, 2 ]s{Xmkv, bqZm, 2,3 tbmlm
FnhbpsS FgppImscn A - na Xocpam\n F-n-
bncpn. F{_mb teJ\ns `mj ]utem-kn-sXn
\npw hyXymkapffXmsWpw, 2 ]s{Xmkv, 1 ]t{Xmkn
kn \nv hyXymkapffXmsWpw bmtm_pw bqZmbpw,
AsmkvXem Fv AhImisSmsX {InkvXphns Zmk-
m Fp ]dbpXn\mepw , 2,3 AsmkvXe Fp ]dbm-
sX aq\mb Rm Fp ]dbpXn\mepw bqZm Asm{In^m
]pkvXIn \nv DcnpXn\mepw Cu Ggv {K
AwKoImctbmKyasv ]dv amn shncpp. Amw
\qmv hsc Hcp Ay Xocpam\apmImsX Imt\m {]iv-
\w XpSp.
-kvs]bn\n hnntKmkvXv F hn`mKm D]-tbm-
Knncp tKmYnIv ]pXnb \nban shfnmSp ]pkvXIw
Cmbncpp. Cu hnh\ns kzm[o\X smtetUm

44
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
Iuknen (633) DmbncpXn\m shfnmSp ]pkvXIw
hmbnph k`bn \npw apSsSpsav `ojWn D-
m-bn. \hoIcW Imhmb Cdmkvakv Xs {Kov ]pXnb
\nban ( 1516 A.D) F{_mb teJ\ns {KIrXzw
]u-temkn\ Fp ]dp. Fnepw B teJ\ns A-
\-LXsb mLnp. bmtm_ns teJ\w Imt\m-\nI-
amsWv {]Jym]np.
-amn eqY (14831546) D]tZi]cambn {]Ya m\w
tbmlms kphntijn\pw Hmw teJ\n\pw \In.
]utemkns teJ\v henb hne I]nncpp.
hntijm tdmam teJ\w, KemXyteJ\w, Fs^kyteJ\w,
]s{Xmkns HmwteJ\w Fnhbv.v F{_mb teJ\hpw
bmtm_ns teJ\hpw bqZmbpw shfnmSp ]pkvXIhpw
{]apJ {K Fpff ]Zhnbn \npw amnfv
Xs ]cn`mjbpsS HSphn tNp. bmtm_ns
teJ\s Ipdnv Atlw aXnnmsX kwkmcn- p-
ambncpp. kphntijns kz`mhw Cm teJ\w Fp
]dbpambncpp. shfnmSp ]pkvXIw It\m\n Dsm Fv
_eambn kwibnncpp.
-P\ohbn \npff tPm Imhn (15091564 A.D) 2,3
tbmlm, shfnmSv Fo ]pkvXI hnp Ifp.
F{_mb teJ\w AwKoIcnpp Fnepw ]utemkv
FgpXnbXmbn IcpXpn. ]s{Xmkns cmw teJ\w
bYmYn ]s{Xmkv A Atlns Hcp injy
FgpXnbXmsWpw, Fnepw hnesXmsWpw hn-iz-
knpp. (ssZhimkv{Xw dh. Fw.hn Nmtm, ]pdw 4143,
]pkvXIns ssZLyw `bpXn\m hnjb-{]m[m-
\yapff `mKw am{XamWv ChnsS tNnpffp).
-ss{IkvXh k`m]nXmmcpsS ]nIbnepff GXm-v
45
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
apgph t]cpw tbiphns {]t_m[nX kaqlamb blq-Z-
amcn \npffhcmbncpn. tbiphpw tijw Atlw
sXcsSp AsmkvtXmeamcpw {][m\ambn
{]hnXv ]cnNvtOZ\mcmb blqZamtcmSv Bbn-cps-
nepw ]nImev {InkvXpaXns ssZhimkv{Xhpw
ss__nfns DSn Bhiyamb ]pkvXIfpw Hs
Xocpam\npXn blqZam CmsX t]mbXns
ImcW- Npcpnb hmpIfn AhXcnnpI A-km-
yamWv. {InkvXpamKw bmYmYysav F Fs asmcp
]pkvXIn CsXmw khnkvXcw Ipdnnpv. ss_-
_nfns Imt\m Xmdmnb k`m]nXmamcpsS CSbn
Ghpw kzoImcyambncnpXv ]utemkns teJ\fpw
Atlns klbm{XnIcmb eqtmknsbpw amtm-
knsbpw cN\IfpamWv. Npcpn, ss-__ - nfns Imt\m-
AYhm ]nI Xmdmnb hnPmXob t\Xmamcpw
AtbmKycmWv. AtXmsSmw Ah sXcsSp ]pkv-
XIfpw \qmpItfmfw AhnSbn t]mepw hnhmZ
krjvSnXpamWv.
-k`m]nXmamcpsS ]nIbn ss{IkvXh tN-n-
p sXpey, HdnP XpSnb {]K` t]mepw
]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw Xpeycmsv kXnpXn hnapJX
Dhcmbncpp. ]p{X ssZhamsWnepw ]nXmhn\v
Xpey\mb ssZhamsWv ]dbphm Ah ss[cysn.
Cu hmZ ]noSv _njv Acnbqkns\ t]mephv
tbiphns ssZhXzw \ntj[nm klmbIambn Xop.
AXn \npw ]noSv ]ndhnsbSpXmWv btlmh kmn-
I t]mep hn`mK. kzw ssZhhnizmkw t]mepw
Adnbm Cu k`m]nXmamcmWv {InkvXpaXns
{]amWw FXv Bscbpw BcysSppXmWv.

46
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
]WvUnXmcpsS XncnadnI
tbip{Inkv X phn\v tijapff \qmpIfnemWv
{XntbIXzw Ip]nSnsXnepw CXv Xpdv kXnphm
ss{IkvXhv ebpv. AXpsImv apIme {]hm-NI-
mcpsS hmpIfn Ir{Xnaw \Sn {Xntb-IXzn\pff
km[yX ap]pw Dsv hcpn-om\pff hn^e-{i-
ahpw Ah \Sppv. AXn {][m\s cp Ir-{Xn-
a {inpI.
tamsibpsS Aym]\w Anadnpp
G
- I ssZh hnizmkns s]mtim` hnXdp tamsi
{]hmNIs hmpIfnemWv ss{IkvXh ]WvUnXm
A`ymkw ImWnXv.
bn{ktbte tI, btlmh \psS ssZhw. Ah
GI Xs (Bh\w 6:4)
ssZhw FXn\pff Ftemlow, GI FXn\pff F-
m-Zv F cp hmIyfpsS AYamWv Ch AnadnXv.
Ftemlow
Ftemlow F F{_mb ]Zw _lphN\ cq]-n-em-
Wp-ffXv. CXv Hne[nIw A\yssZhsf kqNnnm
D]tbmKnnpv. A
- XpsImv tamsi {]hmNI kXy-ssZh-
s Ipdnp]dXpw ssZh F AYnemWv. CXm-
Wv ss{IkvXhcpsS \qX\ hmZw.
C
- Xv blqZ kaqln\v tIp tIhnbnm hmZamWv.
Ah Znt\\ sNmp {]mY\bpsS AYw Ahv a\n-
embn FmWv ss{IkvXh ]dbpXv. kXyssZhn\v -
Ftemlow Fv ]dXv ]qPI _lp-hN-\{]ImcamsWv
lo{_p ]WvUnXm hyampp. CXv ss{IkvXhcpw
FgpXnbnpffXv ImWpI.
47
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
- ssZhs I
- pdnp F{_mb hmv (Ftemlnw) _lp-
h
- N\ cq]nemWv. F - {_mb ]Zns _lphN\ {]-
tbmKw AXn Xs {XnXzn\v sXfnhmIpn. -hym-
I-cW- I-m- hnfnp _lpaXn ]Zns _lp-
hN\ cq]w Bbn-cn-mw AXv. apJw, shffw, BImiw
Fnhbvpff F{_mb ]Zfpw _lphN\ {]tbm-
K-nemWv. (- Aw sImv am{Xa, ]pdw 30)
FmZv (ECHAD)
GI Fp ]dbphm F{_mb `mjbn cv ]Zapv.
bmoZv, FmZv FnhbmWv B cp ]Z. ssZhw GI
Fv ]d hmNIn FmZv F ]ZamWv DffXv. CXv
{XotbIXz hmZnIsf hmsX ktmjnnp. Ah Cu
F{_mb ]ZfpsS t]cn ]e \pWI sa\sSpp.
bm-oZv Fm XnIpw Hv Fpw FmZv Fm ]eXv
tN Hpw FmWt{X AYw. AXpsImv ssZhw GI
Fm ssZh Hcp kaqlw FmWt{X.
-hmkvXhn, FmZv F ]Zw -]eXv IqSnb Hn\v
am{Xw D]tbmKnp ] - Za. Hv FYw am{XamWv AXn-
\p-ffXv. XnIpw Hv F AYnepw, ]eXv IqSnb Hv
F AYnepw Ch D]tbmKnmw. aebmf `mjbn
Hv, Hcp FXpt]mse Cwojn one Fp ]dbptmse
am{Xta F{_mb `mjbn FmZv F ]Zn\pw
AYapffp. Hcp hyn Fpw Hcp Iqw hynI Fpw
]dbphm \ Hcp Fv D]tbmKnmdpv AtXt]mse
one man Fpw one team Fpw Cwojn D]tbmKnmdpv.
G-sXsmns\ IpdnmtWm ]dXv AXns ASn-m-\-
n-emWv Cu ]Zn\v tIehw Hv Fpw Asn ]eXp
Iq-Sn Hv Fpw AYw ]dbphm km[npIbpffp. kXy-
ssZ-hs Ipdnv tamsi {]hmNI FmZv Fv ]d--
48
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
tm XnIpw GI\mb ssZhw FmWv Ah a\n-em-n-
bXv. Fm Chv tamsi ]dXv a\nembn ImcWw
FmZv Fm _lpXzapff GIXzw Fp am{Xta A-Y-
ap-ffp FmWv Ch ]dbpXv. Cs\ {]Ncnn Nne ]-
WvUn-XmcpsS t]cpI Xmsg \Ipp.

]pkvXIw {KImc
1. ssZhimkv{Xw Fw.hn Nmtm
]pdw 126
2. tbip ssZhtam a\pjyt\m sNdnbm tImXtIcn
]pdw 126
3. ]nXmhv ]p{Xt\mSv kat\m kmayt\m sdPn Cunaqn
]pdw 121
4. {XotbI ssZhw Fkv.Pn Kn_v,
]pdw 215
5. {InkvXy AtmfPnkw tUm. tPmk.kn ^nenv
]pdw 465
6. Trinity a Brief Study kmn AtmfPnIvkv
sh_vsskv

-{XotbIXzw m]nm\mbn {Kw cNn sNdnbm


tImXtIcn, sdPn Cunaqn, S.G Gilbert, tUm. tPmk.kn
^nenv, kmn AtmfPnIvkv XpSnbhscmw Cu \pW
{]Ncnnppv. hmkvXhn GmZv F ]Zw XnIpw
Hv FYn D]tbmKnpXn\v [mcmfw sXfnhpI
ss__nfn Xs ImWmw.
* BImin\v Iognepff shffw Hcp ev IqSn
tNcs (D]n 1:9)
* Ah Ddnbtm Ahs hmcnsbpIfn Hv F-

49
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
Spp (D]n 2:21)
* \n Hcphs\ t]mse Bbn Xop. (D]n 1:9)
* Rsfmhcw Hcmfns ]p{XmcmWv. D]n 42:13)
* kybmbn, Djkmbn Hmw Znhkw (D]n 1:5)
* GI\mbncp Ahbn Rm Ahs\ hnfn-p-
Ibpw (sbimhv 51:2)
* Rm Cu tZins ]m]w H Znhkw sImv \o-n-
Ifbpw. (kJcymhv 3:9)
* Xs Zmk\mb tamsi apJmncw AhnSpv \Inb
\ hmKvZm\fn Hcp hmpt]mepw \njv^e-ambn-
n-tm. (1. cmPm. 8:56)
* Ahv Fmhpw Hcp cmPmhpw DmIpw (sb-lkv-
t- 37:22)
* Fm Fs {]mhv, Fs kqW Bbh Hcph
am-{Xw (DaKoXw 6:9)
* bn{ktbeycpsS arKfn Hv t]mepw Nn Fv
^-dthm Bfbv a\nemn (]pdmSv 9:7)
* Ahcn Hcmt]mepw tijnnn F Hcp hm
Zm-hoZn\v e`np. (2. kmapth 13:30)
* ZmhotZm Ahs IqsSbpff Hcmtfm Poht\msS ti-jn-
p-Ibn (kmaph 17:12)
* GImInbmb Hcp a\pjy. Ah\p aIt\m k-tlm-Z-c-
t\m Bcpw Xs Cmbncpp. (k`m{]kwKn 4:8)
-Cs\ ss__nfn \nch[n `mKv XnIpw Hv
FYn FmZv D]tbmKnncnpp. Fmepw bm-
sXmcp ebpanmsX FmZv Fm _lXzapff GIXzw
(Plural unity) Fv {]kwKnmt\m FgpXmt\m, Chv

50
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
bmsXmcp aSnbpan. Cumcyw Pn. kpioe F ss{IkvXh
]WvUnX Xpdv kXnpp.
-Hv F Ans {]IrXn t\mptm tI-h-e-
am-b Hn\pw, At\Is Dsmffp kwbpamb
GIXzn\pw AXv D]tbmKnmsav ImWm-hp-XmWv.
Xaqew _lpXzs Dsmffp GIXzamWv F-
m-ZnepffsXv ]dbpXv Fmbvtmgpw icnbmbn
sIm-ffWsan. (ssZhimkv{Xw, Pn. kpioe, ]pdw
159)
tbiphns hmnepw Xncnadn
tamsibpsS \ymb{]amWn ]mWvUnXyapff imkv{Xn,
Fhpw apJyamb I]\ GsXv tbiphnt\mSv tNmZnp
k`w kphntij hnhcWfn ImWmw. AXn\v tbip
]dp. bn{ktbte tIpI, \psS ssZhamb Imhv
GI Imhv. (atmkv. 12:2832)
Cu hmIynepff GI F ]Zhpw anjWdnam
shdpsX hnn. Heis F {Kov ]ZamWv ChnsS D]tbm-Kn-
--sXpw CXv F{_mb ]Zamb Echad -s\ t]mse
_lpXzapaff GIXzw BsWpamWv AhcpsS hmZw.
(kmn AtmfPnIv k ns FdWmIpfw t{]m{Kmw)
hmkvXhn, GmZns Imcynse t]mse, Heis Dw
Hv Fv am{Xta AYapffp. AXv XnIpw GI\mb Hns\
Ipdnm\pw D]tbmKnXns sXfnhpI ss__n ]pXnb
\nban [mcmfapv.
X
- s afmb tbmlms\bpw bmtm_ns\bpw CSXpw
heXpw CcpWsav tbiphnt\mSv A`yYnp
k`n Hcp aIs\ CSpw Hcp aIs\ hepw Fp
]dXnse Hcp F {]tbmKn\v Heis XsbmWv
Dt]mKnXv. ChnsS Heis F {Kov ]Zn\v _lXzapff
51
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
GIXzw FYw hcpsav kmam\y _pnbpff Bcpw
AhImisSpIbn. CXpt]mse [mcmfw DZmlcW
ss__nfn \npw ImWnm km[npw.
N
- pcpn tamsi {]hmNI\pw tbip{InkvXphpw Hcp
ssZhs kqNnnphm ]d hN\s Anadnv Hcp
Iqw ssZhs m]nphm\pff ChcpsS ss[cyw A]mcw
XsbmWv. tamsibpsS hmpI tI blqZP\hpw
tbiphns hmp tI imkv{Xnbpw ssZhw Hcph\msWv
a\knemn. Kptcm, \o ]dXv kXyw Xs, Hcpht\bpffp,
Ah\msX asmcp\n Fv imkv{Xn tbiphns ap-m-
sI ]dtm, Atlw A`n\npIbpw \o kz-Kcm-
PyntmSv Hpw AIh\ Fv ktm-jnn-pI-bp-
amWv sNbvXXv.
]t, ZphymJym\n _ncpZm\c _ncpZw t\Snb
ss{IkvXh ]WvUnXm Cu {][m\ I]\v \-Inb
AYw Cs\ hcpw bn{ktbte tI, btlmham
\psS ssZh Ah Hcp Iqw Xs.
btlmham Fv Rm FgpXnbXpw t_m[-]qh-amWv.
ImcWw ]nXmhv btlmhbmWv, ]p{X\pw tbmlhbmWv
]cnipmmhpw btlmhbmWv, ]t, ]nXmh,
]p{X, ]p{X\ ]cnipmmhv, ]cnipmmh
]nXmhv. (kmn sh_vsskv)
Ch Htc kabw hyXykvX tPmen sNpw. Nn-e-
tm- Chcn Hcm XpSpw apffh ]npWpw.
Ch Xn actam, Bibpgtam, sshcpytam
Hpw Ct{X ( Fkv.Pn Kn_v, {XotbI ssZhw, km-
n sh_vsskv)
***

52
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI

7
]cnip IzpB\pw
{XotbIXzhpw

tbip{InkvXphnshmpIsf ]cnKWnmsX
{XotbIXzns t]mcmbva ]cnlcnphm\p an\pp
]WnIfn ss{IkvXh temIw hym]yXcmbncnt, BImi
temIp \npw iamb XmoXpambn Atd_y
acp`qanbn aplZv F {]hmNI \nbp\mbn. Fm
{]hmNIamcpsSbpw Aym]\nsbpw ImX GIssZh
hnizmkamsWv Atlw ]Tnnp. AtlneqsS
AhXcn ]cnip IzpB adnbns aI\mb tbip-
aninlmbpsS Aym]\w {XotbIXzasv HmasSpn.
-abans aI akolv Xssbv Amlp Fv
]dh AhnizmknIfmbncnpp. Fm akolv
]dXv ; C{ktb asf, Fsbpw \nfpsSbpw
cnXmhmb Amlphns\ am{Xw \n Bcm[nphn,
Amlphnt\mSv hhtcbpw ]p tN ]w Xobmbpw
Amlp Ah\v kzKw \njnampXmWv. \cIw Ahs
hmkeambncnpIbpw sNpw. A{IanIv klm-bn-bm-
bn Bcpw Xsbn FmWv. (IzpB 5:72).

53
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
IzpB\ns Cu hmIyn\v Dt]mXv_eIamb [mcmfw
DcWnI ss__nfn \ndv InSpv.
* GIkXy ssZhamb \nsbpw \o Abncnp
tbip {InkvXphns\bpw AdnbpXp Xt \nXyPoh
BIpp. (tbml. 17:4)
* F\np kztX Hpw sNbvhm IgnbpX; Rm
tIpXpt]mse \ymbw hn[npp; Rm Fs
CjvSw A, Fs Abhs CjvSat{X sNbvhm
CnpXpsImp Fs hn[n \oXnbpffXpamIpp
(tPm. 5:30)
* B \mfpw \mgnIbpw kw_ntm ]nXmhmsX B-
cpw, kzKnse ZqXmcpw, ]p{X\pw IqsS Adnbpn
(atm. 13:32)
* a\pjy ImtWXnp \nfpsS \oXnsb
AhcpsS apn sNmXncnm kqnn, Am-
m kzKnepff \nfpsS ]nXmhns ]
\np {]Xn^ean...
* \ntbm `n sImSpptm \ns `n cl-
kynembncntXn\p hess sNpXp CSss
AdnbcpXv. clkyn ImWp \ns ]nXmhp
\n\p {]Xn^ew Xcpw...
* \otbm {]mYnptm Adbn ISp ASp cl-
kynepff \ns ]nXmhnt\mSp {]mYn; cl-
kyn ImWp \ns ]nXmhpw \n\p {]Xn^ew
Xcpw...
* \n a\pjytcmSp AhcpsS ]ngIsf anm,
kzK\mb \nfpsS ]nXmhp \ntfmSpw -
anpw. \n a\pjytcmSp ]ngIsf anm-m-tem

54
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
\nfpsS ]nXmhp \nfpsS ]ngIsfbpw anbn.
* FtmSp Imth, Imth, Fp ]dbph
Gh\pa, kzK\mb Fs ]nXmhns CjvSw
sNph At{X kzKcmPyn ISpXv. I-
mth, Imth, \ns \man R
{]hNnpIbpw \ns \man `qXsf ]pdm-
pIbpw \ns \man hfsc hoc{]hnI
{]h-npIbpw sNbvXntbm Fp ]ecpw B
\mfn FtmSp ]dbpw. Ap Rm AhtcmSp: Rm
Hcp \mfpw \nsf Adnnn; A[aw {]h-
nphsc, Fs hnp t]mIphn Fp Xop
]dbpw (ambn . 7:2123)
* kXy\akv I mcnI ]nXmhns\ Bmhnepw
kXynepw \akvcnp \mgnI hcpp; Ctm
hpancnpp. Xs \akvcnph Cs\-bpff-
h BbncntWw Fp ]nXmhp Cnpp. (tbml.
4:21,23)
* Rm Fsss alXzsSpnbm Fs al-
Xzw GXpan. Fs alXzsSppXp Fs ]nXm-
hmIpp. Ahs\ \nfpsS ssZhw Fp \n ]d-
bpp. (tbml. 8:54,55)
* ]nXmhp Fsm henbh\tm (tbml. 14:28)
{]mY\m\ncX\mb tbip
* Ah ]pcpjmcs ]dbnp {]mYnm X-\n-
sb aebn Ibdntmbn; sshIptcw Bbtm G-I-
\mbn AhnsS Ccpp. (ambn.14:23)
* Ah ssIhp {]mYntXnp Nne inipsf
Ahs ASp sImp hp. (ambn. 19:13)

55
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
* P\w Fmw kv\m\w GpIbn tbiphpw kv\m\w
Gp {]mYnptm kzKw Xpdp (eq. 3:21, 22,
23)
* ]pcpjmcw hN\w tItXnpw XfpsS
hym[nIp kuJyw IntXnpw IqSn hp. Ah-
t\m \n\tZip hmntmbn {]mYnp sIm-
ncpp. (eq. 5:1517)
* B Imep Ah {]mYntXnp Hcp aebn
sNp ssZhtmSpff {]mY\bn cm{Xn Ignp. t\cw
shfptm Ah injymsc ASps hnfnp,
Ahcn ]{p t]sc XncsSpp. Ahp
AsmkvXem Fpw t] hnfnp (eq. 6:12,13)
* ]nXmth kzKnpw `qanpw Imhm-bp-tffm-
th, \o Ch m\nIpw hnthInIpw asdp
inipp shfnsSpnbXp sImp Rm \ns
hmgvpp. AtX, ]nXmth, Cs\ \n\p {]kmZw
tXmnbtm. (eq. 10:21)
* tbip AhtcmSp: Hcp {]hmNI Xs ]nXr-\Kc-n-
epw NmmcpsS CSbnepw kz `h\nepw AmsX
_lp-am\anmh A Fp ]dp (atm. 6:4)
(eq. 4:24)
{XotbIXznse aqv Xpeycmb hynIsf ]cmainv
sImv IzpB ]dbpp.
Amlp aqhcn HcmfmWv Fv ]dh Xo--
bmbpw AhnizmknIfmWv. GI Bcm\y\msX bm-sXm-
cp Bcm[y\pw C Xs. Ah B ]dbpXn
\npw hncannsn Ahcn \nv, Ahnizkn-
hv thZ\tbdnb in _m[npI Xs sNpw.

56
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
BIbm Ah Amlphnt\mSv tJZnv aSpIbpw
Aht\mSv ]m]tamN\w tXSpIbpw sNpnt?
Amlp Gsd s]mdpph\pw IcpWm\n[nbpat{X.
(5:73, 74)
GI\mb ssZhntev ]pXnb cv AwKsf
clkyambn {]thinnv {XotbIXzw krjvSnhv e`n
henb {]lcamWv Cu kq. Amlp aqhcn HcmfmWv
AYhm ssZhn\v Xpeycmb cv ]mfnIfpsv
]dh AhnizmknIfmWv. Cu hmZw Dt]nnsn
Chsc ImncnpXv thZ\tbdnb inbmsWv
IzpB apdnbnv \Ipp. Fm Bscnepw Cu
bmYmYyw DsImv ]m]nm Amlp Ah\v
s]mdpv sImSppsapw hmKvZm\w sNpp. alm\mb
tbip{InkvXphneqsS ssZhw ]Tnn Imcyv hncp-
ambn ]WvUnXmcpw ]ptcmlnX\amcpw kzbambn ]eXp
cq]sSpnbtm Ahsbmpw ]cntim[nmsX
\ncp]m[nIw kzoIcn A\pbmbnIfpsS at\m`mhsbpw
asmcp hmIyn IzpB hnainpp.
AhcpsS ]WvUnXmtcbpw ]ptcmlXnmscbpw
abans aI\mb akolnt\bpw Amlphn\v ]pdsa
Ah cnXmfmbn kzoIcnp. Fm GI-ssZh-
s Bcm[nm am{Xambncpp Ah I]n-
sncp-Xv. Ah AmsX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan Ah
]- t N- pXn \nv Ah F{Xtbm
]cnip(IzpB 9:31).
Hcn Cu hmIyw {]hmNI HmXpXv
tItm AZnv _v\p lmXnw ]dp. Ah ]WvUn-
Xmtcbpw ]ptcmlXnmscbpw Bcm[npntm.
Atm {]hmNI ]dp A Ah sNppv.
57
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
ssZhw \ntcm[nXns\ ]WvUnXmcpw ]ptcml-Xn-
mcpw A\phZntm Ah AXns\ A\phZ-\ob-am-
bn Ip. ssZhw A\phZnXns\ Ah \ntcm[n-tm
Ah AXv \ntcm[nshbmbn Ip. As\bmWv
Ah (-blqZcpw, ss{IkvXhcpw) ]WvUn-X-mscbpw
]ptcmlnXmscbpw cnXmfmbn kzo- I cnXv
(AlaZv, XnapZn).
Ahkm\ambn ...
Fs kvt\lw \nd ss{IkvXh kplrptf,
Rm Cu ]d Imcy- hkvXpX BsWv t_m-
ysm \n sXmb hnizmkw Dt]nv kXyns
]mXbntev ISphcWsav At]npIbmWv .
AtXmsSmw Rm Cu sNdnb ]pkvXIns ]cnanXn-p-
n \nv AhXcnn Imcyfn GsXnepw hnjb-
n hniZoIcWtam Rm Dcn ]pkvXItam Bh-
iysan, Xobmbpw \nv Fs kao]nm-hp-
XmWv. {XotbIXzs kw_nv kwibw tXmm-h - -
cmbn Bcpw Xs DmhpIbn. Fm AXv ]Tn-m\pw
a\nemm\papff kmlNcyw Xoscbpan F-XmWv
kXyw. km[mcWm A`napJoIcnp Cu {]iv\s
]cnlcnpIbpw ]WvUnX {Kfnepff ITn\-amb `mjm-
{]tbmKsf eLqIcnv ]T\w FfpampI FXmWv
Cu ]pkvXIneqsS eyw hpXv. CXv \ coXnbn
{]tbmP\sSpn CcptemIs PohnXw hnPb{]Z-
amWsav kvt\l]qhw DWpIbmWv.
Hcphnjbn \n Pm{KX ]peWsav Rm
Hmannpp. ]v blqZ P\n\v kamKhpambn h
tbip{Inkv X phns\ D]{Zhnphm ]ptcmlnXam
D]tbmKnXv km[mcWmcmb blqZ P\s Xs-

58
{XotbIXzw: Nne \nmbI shfnsSpepI
bmbncpp. Xsf Aambn hnizknp A\pbmbnIsf
{]tem`nnpw sXncnnpw ]ptcmlnXam XfpsS
ey]qoIcWn\v NpIambn D]tbmKnmdpv.
AXn \ AIsp t]mbm ]noSv \ymb hnkvXmc
ev hncep ISnt Ahbmhpw hp `hnpI.
AXpsImv kqvaimenIfpw hnthIaphcpw BIpI.
\sf hnphm Bscbpw A\phZncpXv. Xpd
a\tmsS ]TnpI. kh temI cnXmhv Ghscbpw
kamKntev \bns Fv {]mYnpp.

d^kv {K
1. ]cnip {XnXzw Cu ]pkvXIw Xetcn AXncq]XZbpsS Iogn
{]hnp B^m ss__n Cnyqv AhcpsS hnZymYnIv
skan\mcnbn ]Tnphm\mbn {]knoIcn ]pkvXIamWv. ^m. tPmk^v
]mw\nbmWv Cu skan\mcnbpsS UbdIvS
2. ssZhimkv{Xw Fw.hn Nmtm
3. hyhnX ssZhimkv{Xw, Pn.Fkv kpioe
4. {XotbIssZhw Fkv.Pn Kn_v (AhXmcnI Xncphm IrjvWIpn)
5. tbip ssZhtam a\pjyt\m sNdnbm tImXtIcn (AhXmcnI s{]m^.
GgwIpfw kmwIpn)
6. {InkvXy AtmfPnIvkv tUm. tPmk kn. ^nenv
7. ]p{X ]nXmhnt\mSv kat\m kmayt\m (AhXmcnI tUm. H.Fw.
kmaph, Fw.Fw. kdnb, kn.hn hSh\, ]n.Fkv Xm, Ipptam
tXmnffn, sPbnwkv sXn)
8. kmn AtmfPnIvkv sh_vsskv
9. AwsImp am{Xa {InkvXy anj skmsskn
10. ]pXnb \nba hymJym\w tSmw slbv
11. The Perfect Community - Leonardo Boff

59
Notes
Notes
Notes
Notes
Notes
Notes
kXynsd hnfpamSw
apgph a\pjycpsSbpw \pw
CltemIsbpw ]ctemIsbpw hnPbn\pambn
{]]\mY \Inb ktiamWv Ckvemw.
CXv ]npStcXv a\pjycpsS _m[yXbmWv.
cbntepw kam[m\ntepw
imnbntepamWXv WnpXv.
]ctemI hnPbamWXnsd eyw.
AXn\mbn,
GI\mb Amlpsh am{Xw Bcm[npI
Ah aplZv \_nbneqsS \Inb ktiw
]npScpI.
Cu kXyntev Fmhscbpw Wnpp.
_\v[sSpI:

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