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ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY ATLAS OF COLOMBIA

GUAJIRA BASIN
Generalities
Wells and Seeps
Source Rock Characterization
Gas Characterization
ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY ATLAS OF COLOMBIA

Generalities
GUAJIRA BASIN
LOCATION AND BOUNDARIES

The source rock geochemical information


i n t e r p r e t e d for the G u a j i r a Basin
includes %TOC data from 10 samples taken in
two wells; additionally 62 organic petrography
samples from three wells were interpreted.

Due to the lack of crude oil geochemical data,


crude oil interpretation was not made for the
basin.

BOUNDARIES
North and Northwest: Caribbean shoreline e*
Northeast: Caribbean shoreline
Southeast: Colombia-Venezuela border
VENEZUELA
South: Oca Fault (O.F.)

From Barrero et al., 2007

SCHEMATIC CROSS SECTION


GUAJIRA BASIN
SW NE
<
<
<
Ll_ LOWER GUAJIRA SUB-BASIN SUPPERGUAJIRASUB-BASIN u Time
sec
< u 2 ^
ko

Color code according to the commission for the Geological Map of the World (2005)

i Basement Jurassic Cretaceous Paleogene Neogene

From Barrero et al., 2007 ; Sandstones

From Barrero et al., 2007

63 GUAJIRA BASIN
ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY ATLAS OF COLOMBIA

Wells and Seeps

1850000-

1800000

1750000

Wells/surface locations with


geochemical information

1100000 1150000 1200000 1250000 1300000

The number of wells and/or surface


locations with geochemical
information in the Guajira Basin is four.

There are no oil and gas seeps reported


in this basin.

GUAJIRA BASIN 64
ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY ATLAS OF COLOMBIA

Source Rock Characterization

0 -j
Immature Overmature
1000 - (Gas Window) LEGEND
1

>.: MAICAO-1
2000 - ft- UASHIR-1

3000

4000 -
% 5000 -
<D

_ 6000 -

a. 7000 -
0)
Q
8000 -

9000 -
>
I
10000 -

11000 - * *
T n
12000
0.1 1 10
%Ro

The maturity data of the wells sampled in the basin suggests that the stratigraphic sequence is immature.

65 GUAJIRA BASIN
ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY ATLAS OF COLOMBIA

Gas Characterization
C 2 + (%)
20 30 50
J B Biogenic gas
RO 8"CcH4 T Crude oil gases
(%) (BPm
70 - To/Tc Crude and condensate
gases
TT(m) Dry gases associated
to sapropelic organic
-60
matter.
TT(h) Gases associated to
humic organic matter
0.5
M Mixed gases
E
Q. Md Deep Migration
Q. -50
Ms Shallow Migration
I
o
o LEGEND
1.2 .. -40

2.0 BALLENA TOTAL


RIOHACHA-2

3.0
-30 -
1.2
2.0
30% 3.0
Migration? -20 -

4 -i Primary r
cracking/

L
Open system trend
2 -

0 -
- The C2+ vs d13C CH4 (ppt) and the relationship with organic
m "2H
\i I \ Hydrocarbons secondary
cracking - *"
~ "" matter maturity (Schoell, 1983), suggest that the gas samples
Q
a. i \ ** mainly correspond to biogenic gases.
s
^ -4 H \ \

CO 0.9- 1 . l \
U
-6
Close system ,
trend /
- The C2/C3 vs d13C C2 - d13C C3 (% PDB) diagram shows that
co \ \
\s \^ / the gases could reach a high thermal state of evolution, in
\ i Gas secondary cracking
\ X \
which hydrocarbons secondary cracking has ocurred.
CM
O \^ \
CO 1.3 15
-10 -
N
\ \
X
-12 -
\
N
xX *X ^
\ \
O 1.8-2^0 >i
-14 -
* ^ \
x
Ro %
-16 -
1 1 1
12
C 2 / C 3 (mol/mol)

GUAJIRA BASIN 66